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)arelg Star and Cathnlle Messengor
aW ORAxa. 5U~aAT. APIiL 7 ir. we edo not disregard the bietonioal dooomenti, lab" elate to oar country, we most admit tat soolety in Italy never soared higber in tlght towards civilization thban when it aae supported by the breatb of Chrlatianlty. s d eatirely sorrounded by a Catholio atso dhtere. In spite of all boasting and vanlty, tsaily do not know whether men of good stas would have the assurance to claim that Is the matter of politisat or industrial great mess, we, of the present day, are likely to excel earCatholioancestors, whoee words and acts attest their faith. Veioo, Oenooa Piesa, Lroa, Florence, son ether Italian ities and provinsoe, as long a ty were reespectful to the authority of Holy Church, IStied wlthb faith, as i evinced by the mr magnificent Basaiiios and other build ags of Christian hobarity, possessed a power that, onsidering the times and imperfect mesas at hand, eurpassed those of the most asUrishing modern nations. Ioaa, the Black Ms, Afries and Asia were the scoenes of th emmoerotal relations and the military ezpedi aks of of our forefathers, there they achieved oportant and feaund victories, and while r banners waved inspiring fear and reep_ sdn, they were not idle at homr. Tbey lftivated the arts, and trade increased public sad private wealth, by every honest means. he mausaotnres of wool, of silkL of goldware, Ssta~led glass, of paper, at Florence, Pias, elegna, Milano, Venice and Naples, supplied thessaade upon thousands of workmen with eafstable work, and ttrated to our markets Lee money and the trade of other lands. Frem this eame that extravagance so ener getiselly complaitned of by Alighieri, Vaoohi, sad by nearly all oar chronioles, and wbiob was the result of the wealth produced by this eemmerce. Here, too, was the origin of thbat grewth and splendor of the flee arts, which msturally oame to charm the letiese of a life f eomfort. The names of Oiotto, Annolfo, lramellesoho, down to those of Pietro Perogio, lafuel, Titian, Vignola, Palledlo, and a hosat eoethers, formed a fitting crown for the pie. tare that represents the wonderful progress of elvilisatlon in a society that was not obliged to give up its attachment to the Church and to beoome infidel that it might keep up with sab rapid march of perfection and to add ease sad obrms to life. Ix. But the Church has not only the unqoestion able merit of having rNonBr.L AND sANCTIPIr)n LAnBOn; she has not merely the glory of having caused society, conducted and inspired by her, to make rapid strides in the way of olvilization ; she has a still nobler merit, a still higher glory : that of having restrained men within reasonable bounds, and having prevented her 'elf from being carried by an excessive love of labor to such an extent as to convert into a saurce of barbarous oppression what, exer elsed with discretion, is a means of obtaining for herself desirable advantages and an bon -e4 prosperity. NON CHRISTIAN CIVILIZATION, The modern shobools of political economy, talnted with infidelity, regard labor as the greatest end of man; and they regard man meslf as a mere machine, more or less val aeble in proportion to itsprductivenerss. Hence ath onotempt for man'e morahlty, hence that abase of poverty and weakness, on the part ed those who want to take advantage of them for their own ends. How many complaints asd bow many solemn grievances have we not bead, even from the countries that are con sidered at the summit of olviliraeton, with re ard to the long working hours impoeed on ibse who are obliged to earn their bread by the sweet of their brows I And those poor children put out in factories where they are worn out with over work, do they not awaken the pity of the beholder, dac they not call forth the indignation of every generous soul, and do they not oblige govern mente and assemblies to devise laws to pro vent this human tramo I And If Catholi aarity, nlexhanetlble in its resources, did not rome to their aid with its creches, its asylums dr childhood, how many children would there not be left to themselves when the manal for work teate from the domestio Ire side not only the man, but even the mother. Ab I dearly beloved, when we see these things, when we hear them related by lips that are above suspicion, it is imposeible for us to withhold the feeling of indignation that swells within as against those who dream of istrasting Into the hands of each barbarians the destinies of that civilizatiou they pretend so much to encourage. But what is still worse is that that inordi mate labor, while enervating and consuming the body, is still more ruluons to souls in which it gradually destroyse all traces of divine resemblance By dint of keeping men -tied down to matter, wrapped up, absorbed in it. the life of the soul vanishes in these poor vioc time of labor gone back to Paganism. Every thing that elevates man, everything that makes him what (.d intends him to be, the adopted son of the Saviour, the heir to the king dom of heaven, fades before his eyes, falls into oblivion, and leaves unrestrained in man everything that relates to his brutal passions sad his animal instincts. In the presence of such sad realitiee,- en gendered by the avarice and pride of those who are devoid of feeling, one may well ask whether these partizana of a civilization sep. arated from the Churchb, ud without God, do S not, nstead of imaking us advance, rather throw as back several centuries by returning au to those deplorable times when slavery bound such a large. proportion of men, and when the poet Jovenal declared, with morrow, that the human race exists for the amuse ment of a few citiccns. Now, who corrects this rash impetuosity that is running away with our ago, better than the Catholic Ceurch, which, if, on the one band, she arges all men to labor, on the other hbad, resorta with super.human wiec'om to the best means' to prevent its abuse? Indeed, without stoppinr at the consideration tha; o" her, words of humanity and fraternal love are, by no means, mere words devoid of mean; ing, who does not know bow effectually shb has succeeded in soothing bitterness, In break taug into upon the painful continluity of labor, by the repose of BSunday and the Christian solemnitis that, from time to time oceur, and bring a religious j~y lato the great family o: believers. As, during a long journey aeoroess a desert under the burning rays of the sun, the traveler ooses with inexpressible delight upon semi spot where mighty trees afford him a desired esoade, and the fresh grams offers him a place o; - ret; so, also. these happy days appear to re fresh the body with rest, and to fill the soul with Ineffable consolations. Then wipes from hbis brow the dust of the field and the workshbop, and, in hise BSunday attire, in. hales the breath of life with greater happ:i. msso; he remembere that Ood did nor erate lsm o he tied forever to the car of matter, bet to be Im mater. It is for him that the son eeads ferth tie life-giving reys; it is for him MaS the hills emit their healthy perfumes; it maw hrim tshs the feesioi preed one Ions wredant tapestry to whiohb, with his wife and sildr, be reeort for inLoooent amusement; 1 cr fokr him that God has created these bhimes Swhich, though modest in a pperenan;e, h is eyes, olerer than all otbere. "eis p oe late the Church, where he 1: eslied by tie voie of religion, he finods there plesures that no other plsoe can afford him: Seh mlsie of the eared cauticles charm his , , hL eyeso are dmlged by the s'ght of pr e"eus arbles, b ildingas, elegant decora : s the aeereiarchitotaral lines; /. dl d ris hees l moved and purl c rS~~r~~U r~r UL~4. fld by the words of the minlister of God who r-ro:uds himr of his redanption, bio duties n.d his Immorta. hopcs. It is on these days, too, that the innoseut Joys of the family cease to hae a tmre desire and beocme a reality. Stand lag by the side of his wife, sorroopded by bhi children, he exeroisee She noblest and the sweetest of all sovoreignties, he knows his subjects, who are part of his own heart : they know him, he inquires into their necesslties' and the love of labor, stimulated by a desire of saving, enables him tosupply them. It is thus that he comes oof his holiday rest, reouper ated in mind and body, and this recreation which some presome to call objeotionable idle nes ise on the contrary a eoonad traee; for, after baving enjoyed it, he returns to hib work with re,pwed energy and withoot that aopip thy which is the out-growth of compulsory or condemned labor. PROFPANATION OF 0OLT DATys. And here, dearly beloved, how much might we say about thib lamentable custom wbteb is everywhere looreeeilg, and even amongst as, of profaning those holy days which belong really to God, but whiob oan, a we have sema, also be called man's days. How we feel our hearts lasoerated when we see en ea days sad holidays these deplorable seadals, thi shops open, artisans plying their uaut avoeosotte, machitnery in operation, trade aolnterrupitd and preventlg all thought. of tbe r more Important stalrs of the soel and of applica tlon to the study of truths that are to lead an through the straight paths of timo to the sore and blmeed destinies of eternity. No, dearly beloved, this work that is done to the detriment of God's glory and of our most sacored dotlte, can never be made the work that is to inorease pablic sad private wealth. On the contrary; for, as a famous insdel of the lats century has Jstly remarked, "the people re quire not only time to earn their bread, they also require time to eat it with satisfaction, otberwise they will soon cease to earn It." A holiday renews the exhausted forces of man, and after it he resumes his work with greater pleasure and earnestness. x. From the few considerations we have rapid ly referred to, and notwithstanding all we have been obliged to pass over in ailenee, you see, dearly beloved, how nnjust and unfounded is the war declared by the sectaries and nfidels against the Holy Churoh, in the name of civil ration, inasmuch as she is the practical worker of the conditions by whloh man perfects him self in the physical and material order. It is clearly evident, on the other hand, that civill ration does not exist where nations are with drawn from the maternal discipline of the Church, but permit toemselves to be carried away by passions, which always prevent and corrupt what would in itself be good and salutary. But the better to illustrate this subject, which, because of received ideas and of pre Judices, is, as we have said before, highly im portant, we want to go a little farther, and to inculcate on your minds more firmly the con viction that civilization, not only has nothing to fear from the.Chroeb, but has everything to hope from her and from her co-operation. It would be folly to ignore a fact that looms up before our eyes, that science, by dint of daily study and wise experience, has availed iteelf of many of the forces of nature which were~ either unknown to man or escaped his control; these forces, employed with art, by the aid or Ingenious machinery, have made production more rapid, the objects produced less expen sive, and consequently, they have made the satisfying of our wants more easy. and the life of those who have not much to dispense lose trying. There is nothing better than these disoov eries; but infidels have sought to make use of these fortunate and peaceful victories of science over nature, as an arm with which to strike the Church, as if these conquests had been made in spite of her and contrary to her desires. To give weight to this odious calum. ny, the pretext is resorted to that the Church is continually occupied with the sanctification of souls, and that she Insinuates into hearts a mysterious horror for things here below; whence men deduct that if a little good grows out of, or is to result from, these advancements, it is due to the revolt they agree to call the mederm spirit against the influence of the Chrohb. It would be diffiult to imagine a more fool ish and more groundless charge than this. The Church cannot cease to proclaim aloud to all men the maxilms of her heavenly Spouse; that the soul and its eternal salvation is the most important matter that olaims our attention; that it would avail us nothing to gain the whole world, if we lost our own souls; that wealth accumulated by years of labor may be swept away in a single night. It is an inestimabie blessing that such in strootions can be proclaimed among men; but It cannot for that reason be said that the Church is an enemy to the study of nature, to an in quiry into the forces of nature and of theirap: plioation to the production of that which con tributes to the usages of life. It is evident, on reflection, that she cannot be opposed to these studies and inventions, inasmuch as she is. by the very nature of things, led to encourage them. Examine, then, asd judge for yourselves Can there be anything more desired by the Church, more earnestly sought for, than the glory of God, and a more perfect knowledge of the Divine Workman, which is to be obtained by the study of Hlis WorksI Now, if the universe isa book, on every page of which is written the name and the wisdom of God, it is evident that be who has read this book most carefully and most intelligently will be most tilled with the love of God, and will approach nearer to God. If it is enough to have eyes to see that the stars proclaim the glory of their Creator, if it is enough to have ears to listen to the words of praise that one day brings forth after the ot her, and the secrets of Divine knowledge which night showeth to night (Psalm xviii), with bow much more splendor will the power and wis dom of the Godhead manifest themselves to him who will look into the heavens and the depths of the earth, who will observe the twinkling stare, and the atoms, the plants and the trees, who will gather together those coon vincing proofs that a sovereign wisdom has ordered all things in measuore, and onmber, and weight t (Wisdom xi, 21 ) And you think the Church systematically hoettle, or simply cold and indifferent to the studies and re eearches which develop snoch priceless results, that she should persist in keepinog the book cloeed, So that no one can read any more of its pages t You most be very ignorant of the ar dent zeal that burns in the bream of that 8pouse of Christ, to give faith to such stories as these. xI. But by the side of ar seal for the glory of God there is another love in the Church that burns no less brightly; it is a love for man, an ardent deslre that he be restored to all the rights bis Creator has conferred upon him. N ,w, man has received from God, for his inheritanoe in time, this earth on which he lives adof which he was made the master. The word that re sounded on the morning of creation : "8obdune the earth and rule over it" (Gen. 1, 28 ) has never been revoked. If man bhad remained in a state of Innocenc, and rrace. he wouid have exeroled his dominion wlthout an effort; the subjeetion of all reatunres would have been spontaneous, whereas now this domination ias diflooult and creation obeys the rein only when compelled so to do. But this domination is not asubetantially dee troyed, and the Church, which is aMother, can have nothing moreast heart,than that it be pot in practice, and that man prove himself to be what he really Is, the Loan O0 CIUEA1oN. And, Indeed, ibls King of all cretatres xer elnes his right when, tearlg away the vrail tbat bides his poisessione, he does not ston at whJot falls under his eyes, or what be Bieds under his hands, but diving into the very depths of nature, gathere up the treasures of fecundity of forces he finds there, and bends tebm to bhis proit and to that of his fellow men. Hlow grand and majestio, does not man ap pear, dearly beloved, when be lays hi hbands on the thunderbolt and makes it fall powerles at his feet; wbhen be seises the electric wire, and sends it, the messenger of his desires, across the depths of the ocean, over steep mountains, aoroes lnterminable plainel How glorious he becomes when he commands steam to give wings to hbie fet, and earry him with wonderful speed over land and sea t How mighty he is, when by thes various ingenious processes, he overcomes this very fores imprisons it and leads it through wonderfully combined chan nese to give motion and intelligence to brute matter, so to speak, whihob thee takes the place of msa and spares him the most severe atigues I Tell me, dearly beloved, if there is not in him some spark, sn it were, of his Creator; when he evokes the light and causes it to dissipate the darkness of night and deco rate vest halls and palaces with lte splendors. The Church, that loving mother, who knows all thi, is so far from plaoing obstaoles lulls way, that she is, on the contrary, full of joy andJ jbilation at the sight of all thisl Il. Besides, what resson could there be for the Churob to be jealous of all the wonderful ad. vancements that our age has realised by its researches and discoveries Is there anything in them that can in any way affect the ideas of God and of faith of which the Churoh is the infallible guardian and mistrese BACON, or VaRUL A, who distinguishbed himself in the culture of natural soences, has written that a little learning removes from God, bat mooh learning attracts men towards HiS. Thitgolden maxim is always equally true, and if the Church is alarmed at the rtin that a few vain menosan make, who imagine that they understand everything beeause they have a slight smat tering of everything, she has every confidenoe in those who devote their minds to the deep and serious study of nature, because she knows that at the end of their researches they will find God, who displays Himself in His works with all the unimpeachable attributes of His power, wisdom and goodness. If some learned sage, in studying nature, goes away from God, it is a a!gn th'et the heart of the unfortunate man is already contaminated by the vonom of infidelity that has entered into him through the avenue of culpable passions. He did not become an atheist becauee he oultivated learn ing, but in spite of learning, which should naturally develop far nobler results. Inde .d, the !urge majority of those who acquire groat and lastingknowJedgein the science,, through the studies they have gore through, and by their ingenions discoveries have, as it were, erected a ladder with which to mount to lea yen and glorify God. The great astronomer Copernionu was pro foundly religious. Kepler, another father of modern astronomy, thanked God for the plea sure He made him experience in his eotacics, in which he was transported by the contem plation of the works of His hands. (Myeter. Coemogr.) Galileo, to whona experimental philcsophy is indebted for so powerful an im petus, was led, by his studies, to declare that the Holy oScriptures and nature alike point out the works of God: the first as dictated by the Holy Spirit, the second as the faithful per former of His laws. (Galileo, Opere I, xxix.) Lint eas, by his study of nature, was so in flamed that the words that dropped from his lips were like those of a Psalm: "God eter nal," he exclaimed, "immense, omniscient, omnipotent, thou hsst appeared to me in some manner in the works of creation, and I have been overwhelmed with wonder. In all the works of Thy hand, even the smallest and most insignifioant, what power, what wisdom and what unspeakable perfection do I behold I" "The utility they arc to us attest the bounty of Him who made them; their beauty and har mony display His wisdom; their preservation and their inexhaustible fecundity proclaim His power." (Syst. Nat) Fontenello, who, it appears, was regarded as the Encyclopedia of his time in the France of the Eigoteenth Century, already poisoned by the breath of infidelity, could not help saying: "The im portanoe of the study of physics does not pro ceed so much from the fact that it satefies our curiosity, bus because it lifts us up to aless imperfeot knowledge of the Author of the Universe, and revives in our minds the senti ments of veneration and admiration which we owe Him." Alexander Volta, the immortal inventor of the Voltaic battery, was a sincere Catholic, and in times that were not propitious to faith GiLORIID IN RIING A CATHOLIC, and did not blush at the Gospel. Farraday, the illustrious chemist, saw a weans by which to resoh God in the science he was passionate ly studying, and he could not tolerate infidels We might go on enumerating other learned men, bota living anrd dead, all of whom were unanimous in their religious avowals. But it is not neceesary, and it would carry us far be yond our limits. This is what true and solid learn!cg acoom plishes in honest minds, in which so mauy useofol applicstions of the arts and manufan tures are begotten; and hence it is that no thinking man will allow hims-if to be de ceived by falsmv accusations, and will refuse to believe that the Church iSews the study of nature with nspioioln, or disdains or combats the happy consequences that proceed from this study for the public ;jod. This is a part of civilization, not the most important in itself, but one to which we must, nevertheless, give due cocsideration. Now, de .iy beloved, as you see, it will not do to make war upon the Churoh to favor the intereets of civilisation, which would be most happy and in continual progress if it was not e3nght to wrest it from the hands of its good and tender mother to give it over into those of evil-doers, who carry it on in unoh ablameworthy manor: that erery honest heart is filled with compassion for it. xIII. In having thus far defended the Churhob against onjust charges, we have not, however, reshed the bottom of our setijet; we have yet to speak of a merit that is inoomparably more striking than any other, and that thbo most signal bad faith oannot refute. It is not enough, dearly beloved, that labor is enooour aged, ennobled and sanctified, that man con tinually extends his empire over the powers of nasture and compele her to serve him; it is, moreover, necessary not to forget that there is a large portion of our brethren who, through the misfortune of birth or of oircumstances, cannot earn their living by labor ot any kind. Now, what a terrible thing it would be if all these unforteunates were to be excluded from this movement, called civilization, so long as tbhey fulfill the conditlons by whioh man per fees himself, in the phyestoal point of view, in his relations with his fellow-men. In vain will the mlegination try to conceive a world from which all the ills of life are banisYed, and which will be smiling on every aids like a perpetnal holiday. Reality will ever bring its bitter disenchantments, and in the midst of the joys of the banquet, misfortune will ever rise up likse a spectre and shied its sintister -How great is the number of victims made by the infirmities that weaken the powers, physiocal imperfections, an inoapsaety for learing, wars, the violsitudes of trade, the oountless and varied sources of misfortune ! How many persons are there who haves fallen by the wayside, what a multitude of orphans, how many unfortunates who are loudly call ing for succeor I With all these classe Pagan ism has dealt with great anoonesro; to a small number of freemesn, a turbulent oflock, it gavIe bread and savage amuesmente; oblidren thet were too nnmerous for the comfort of the feauily, or which promised no stroag arms to the State, were BTRALIOLID OR PUT TO DEAITH in one way or another; the aged, the infirm, the helpless, were cast upon some island or some out-of-the-way place, where they perish ed under their burdens. It would be well for modern admirers of Pagan civilization to ro call these facts to their own minds and to the minds of others On this point, Christianity and the Catholic Church, in which alone Christianity is preserved in all its purity, have not only given a new impulse to civilisation but bave made it soar so high that nesiher the towpe nor s lte pes ac follow it. lee precepts of charity laid down by our beloved Redeemer were received with holy transport, and His example imitated with in somparable fidelity. From the very begin ning, not only were the rich most earnestly exhorted to give out of their abundance, bunt those who earn their living by the labor ef their hands were likewise exhorted to make every effort to posees the mease wherewith to help she weak, and obtain the blemings re served for those who would rather give of their goods than receive the goods of others. (Aeta x, 35 ) It would be a long and u les uask to rehearse the history that has been told over and over again to illustrate how, from the very earliest ages, the Church has been eareful to better the condition of the unfortu nate; moreover, this history has been written in our own day, and there is no one who does not know it. A distinguished modern apolo gist does not hesitate to assert that whoever wanted to write the history of obharity, would be, in a manner, obliged to write the history of the Churh,. She was not content with establishing asy lums, hospitals, retreats, but she did isoom parably more: she caused the D1VII VIRTUN OP aACRIWIC to penetrate into the souls of her children; to this most noble aim tend all her exhortations, her splendid worship, and especially the Mass she calls upon ns to bear, and the Enebaristlc Table to whioh we are all invited. Before we ever heard of the crumbs that fall from the rich man's table to allow some Laszarus, cover ed with sores, to appease his hunger, we might, perhaps, by a great effort, it is true, have ar rived at that degree of bountifulness, either by a natural goodnees of heart, or by the soft ening of manners, or again through the medium of our civil laws ; but no one conild ever have put into practice what has been accomplished under the disoipline of the Holy Catholio Church, namely, the esacrifice of self, of liberty, pleasure, riches, health, and not unfrequently ,of life itself, for the needs and consolations of all unfortunates. This is what Christianity inspires. This is what is never seen outeide of the Catholic Church. There is not a corner of the world, not a country ever so small, in which there are not to be fined prseons who renounce the pleas ures and comforts of life, everything that is alluring, to devote themselves hobeerfully to the painful mission of tending the silok of resuoning the fatherless and forsaken, of visit ing the poor at their rooms, and going gven into the dismal haunts of those outcasts that society has been obliged to alienate from its bsom. Even in the days in which we live, when faith is banished from hearts, when Christian virtues are lost sight of by so many, because of continued and violent contradic tions, when it would seem as if there were no higher or more important object than to so quire wealth and to spend in the pleasures of the Sybarite the riches acquired by not un questionable means; when, in a word, every thing conspires to destroy the love of sacrifice, you need only, dearly beloved, cast your eyes around you to convince yourselves that the work of charity is still going on with fervor; that grace is not diminished, that the vivify ing breath of God pervades all parts of the Church, to awaken the power of sacrifice, and that a prodigeons energy is ready to alleviate all manner of sflactions. XIV. Ah I dearly beloved, when, after having ex amined, with an unspeakable delight, this splendid proof of the divinity of the Church and of its beneficent influence, we hear of the warfare waged against her in the name of olvilization, we admit that it is impossible for nous to rid ourselves of a profound sorrow, and we cannot drlve fr&m us the snlister presenti ments of the scourges that this impious and mad ountempt for the blessings we have re ceived must bring upon us. War against the Church, dearly beloved I But why and with what object is this contest ? Is it to plunge men into the weariness of a labor that is regarded as the great end of man, adopted as an instroment for raising himaelf over tio bowed heads and over the trampled bodies of his fellows? War against the Churbch! Again, wherefore is this contest Is it to give the people over into the hands of a doubtful and necessarily weak bounty, to tear them from the bosom of the religion that inspires and incites the prodigies of divine charity t Why is this contest? Is it to wipe out the glorious history of Christian civiliza tion and revive a civilization that has only emitted splendor and light enough to reveal more clearly the festering corruptions of man's hesrt ? XV. Dat the Catholic Church, by the mouth of her Head, has deolared that there can be no peace with the civilization of our times. (8yllabus: Prop. LXXX ) Tois is the war cry that is sent up against us from the enemy's oamp, and the reason made use of to justify the struggle that ba been inaugurated. WHAT Is MODErN Co1 ILIZATION I Bit, dearly beloved, what is this modern civilization that the Church condemns, and with which her august Head, the Infallible Master of the faithful, deolares that there can be nothing in common? It is not, most as suredly, that civilization under which man perfects himself in the three-fold relation we have indicated; no, it is not that one, but it is a civilization that seeks to supplant Christianity, and with it to destroy every blessing that it has brought upon us. f11 those who so artfully use the Syllabus, and set it up as a bugbear before the world, had refldected that it is not enough to be artfnl, but that they must also, and above all, be honest, they would not have rested satisfied with having held up to the hatred of the world a proposition detacbtd from a long discourse; but they would have endeavored to give it it. true meaning, sooording to the oonneetion of the documents to which it belongs, and which ws opportunely pointed out. By acting in this way, they could easily have convionced themselves that it is not that true civilization that springs up like a flower and a fruit from the roots of Ceristianity that has been con demned by the Bovereign Pontiff, but that bastard thing that has only the name of civil isation, and which is the perfidious and impla cable enemy of the genuine. xvc. To pretend that the Church has an aversion for the arts, or the solences, or for the study of nature and of its forces, is to make equally cal mnioes assertions. If your minds are not yet soffiiolently undeceived, and your donbts disi pated by the reasons we have given yeon, and by the fact that the most penetrating andi the moset learned and the-moet- astrious minds have nearly always been very faithful Chris. ians and devoted childrsn of the Church, the receut declarations of the Church will com plete the refutation of all falsehoods. The Fathers of the Vatican Connoil have spoken on this subject in language that our adversaries would do well to read and ponder upon. Aftel teachinog that there can be no dis agreement between reason and religion, and that the one comes magnifilently to the assis tanoe of the other, they exclaim: "Far be it from the Churobh to hamper the enltivation of human arts and sciences, she, on the contrary, coaes to their aid, and acu arages them. For she does not ignore, nor does she despise the ad vantages to life that have accrued from them; she confesses, on the contrary, that th= eclences, comlng as they do from God, if they arc properly treated, can, by means of divine grace, lead back to God." The accusations brought forward are, thean, utterly unfounded, worthless, and are, more over, the expression of the hatred hat is nourished against the Church and of the desi-a entertalned to blacken her fair name. RBut if science, in itself, far from being con dsmned, I. favored by the Churoh; there is one that is condemned with all justice. It is th soliene that engenders that Philosophy that with Batao pride says: "Homan reason is, without any regard to God, the only true ar biter of true and fahse, of good and evil; it is its own law, Itlmfiees by its natural powers to secure the bhappines of men and of na tions." It is that soience that dives into matter and aaeigus it to eternity, that goes up to the Afr mament and deseenda into the bowels of the earth to look In vain for an argument with whloh to destroy Biblical cosoogony; It is that soience that debases man to the level of the brate, and which, by its extravagances, shakes the very foundations of moralo do mestio and civl order, that the Church op poses. Now, every man knows that, far frow eomplsinicg, he ongbt to raise his bands to God in thanksgiving for having sent into this world that infallible Authority, which, while it invokes every blessing for the present and for the fature, likewise preserves every bless ing for as, by resouing us from the impious hands of those whe would wrest them from xvn. Ah I dearly beloved, let none of you allow yourselves to be led away by those who come to fatter you with deceitful words, so as to make proselytes of y-ou and to allure yoe to your own destruction I If, as is the case among great and generous souls, you love the honest advancements and the development of olvili cation, depend upon it, that you can in no way make better progress, nor contribute better to the development of oivilization, than by re. maining faithful in heart and soul to the prac. tioes of the Cathollo faith. You have in part seen the evidences of this truth sand it would be most pleasing to us to throw the same light on the points that relati t- the IMPROVEMiNT O MAYL in a political and moral point of view, if, in stead of writing a Pastoral Letter, we had in tended to write a long treatise, and if we did not purpose, if life is spared us, to revert to this subjeot another time. The foats are there, however, to show to every one where this insensate warfare upon the Chnrob, in the name of civilizatlon, has brought us. From the humblest artisan, up to those who, by birth and position, ocoupy the higher walks of society, there is no one who can say that be has derived from this contest anything bat bitterness and dieconragements; and, if oast ing his eyes still farther, he seeks to discover what will be the final results of these impious attacks, if he has sense and heart, he will feel overwhelmed by a chill of horror. On the one hand, we see multitudes robbed of every hope of the future, of every consola tion that faith brings to the unfortunate; moul titudes who can And no compensation in the pleasures of this world, who, too poor for their desires, and too full of miseries anduontreats; on the other, a small number of men on whoen fortune smiles, who have not the smallest spakk of Christian charity burning in their souls, and bent only on hoarding and enjoying. We see, on the one hnand, men trembling with despair, and who seem to have gone hack to the savage state; on the other, obscene plees ures, dances and festivlties, that excite the in. igsnation of the poor man who is not sucoored, and which provoke the chastisements of hea ven. These are the gains promised usl this is what this open warfare, in the name of oivili. -ation, against the Churob, promises us, andit is destined to throw us back again into the horrors of barbarism. Now, there is a way to put an end to present evilis and to prevent dn gers in the future, and it can only be found in your fidelity to the laws of God and of the 3hurch, observing them courageously and set ting examples of Chritian life. And what more opportune time than the sea so we are now going into for commeuning this truly reparatory work Those who claim to represent this age ask for acivilisation outside of God and against Him, and they will not get it. For you, dearly beloved, you must say and prove by your acts, that it is by the grace of God, and by harkening to His voice, represent ed by the voice of the Church, that the ble nogs bequeathed to us by our fathers can alone be preserved and perpetuated. It is through the grace of God and through the guidanoe of His Church, that the nations will become truly and gloriously civilized. If, at any time, you feel your soul weakening at the sight of this great uprising of men, of gov ernments and of soiences against God and His Churoh, forget not that you have an invincible and all-powerful weapon of defence: Proayr! Arm yourselves with this weapon in publio and in your homes. Let your cres of supplica tion go up to God, who is a most faithful defen der and the buckler of whoever puts his trust in Him. Pray for our city, for yourselves, for your families; pray for the Church. In the meantime we give you our Pastoral benediotion, and we pray that divine grace may be abundantly poured out upon you in every manner by the gifts and consolations of heaven. PERUGIA, from our Episcopal Residence, February 6, 1~77. t G. Cardinal P:ccl. lishon. WESTERN PRODUCE, LIQUORS, ETC. JOHN T. GIBBONS ,& CO., DEALr! a I GRAIN, CORNMEAL AND HAY, 67,59,61,63...New Levee Street...57,59,61,63 anl2 77 ly Corner Poydras, New Orleans. JOHN McCAFFREY, DRALIN IU HAY, GRAIN, CORNMEAL, FLOUR, ALL IlDS OP Weatern Produce Constantly on Hand. 2 and 30...... Poydras Street..--..98 and 30 Corner of alto, o anlO 77 1y 3W OLEAN. UNDERTAKERS. JOHN o. ROCHE, 250 and 2Z2....Maguasne 8treet~..250 o252 rear iiord. UNDEBTAKEB AND BGALXMBB. All bane.s entrusted to my ls1, roeeive .r.m.t and caraefl attention at coe .era OAXRIAOZ8 TO SItXLn" jnam T8ly IE'RANK JO ON, dertaker, 205 and '... Magazine Street.... 205 and 2t7 New Orleans. inds of MetalIc Cease aed Caskets, Bewee, sad Plai Comas. mklly 7 MEDICAL ADwERTI5R ui SISTEIS OF CHARITY'S Cyano-Pancreatine, A SUBR CDUR NOR DYIPEPSIA D AD or TH CHBT. . Patented at WaushIagtn mad Ottawsa Is It Bavtng seoured the right to nauboets e en a - CTAQ-PANCREATINB theaghoat the oates and CaOed., the laters atte tea m m the pubLle to this supetWr meay. @IO BY T8EMIMELv S. for the relief od the l rp who e.ter a. violently from DympepebL, ale. Prese 1 per bottle. P. F. 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