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The morning star and Catholic messenger. [volume] (New Orleans [La.]) 1868-1881, April 07, 1878, Morning, Image 2

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)arelg Star and Cathnlle Messengor
aW ORAxa. 5U~aAT. APIiL 7 ir.
we edo not disregard the bietonioal dooomenti,
lab" elate to oar country, we most admit
tat soolety in Italy never soared higber in
tlght towards civilization thban when it
aae supported by the breatb of Chrlatianlty.
s d eatirely sorrounded by a Catholio atso
dhtere. In spite of all boasting and vanlty,
tsaily do not know whether men of good
stas would have the assurance to claim that
Is the matter of politisat or industrial great
mess, we, of the present day, are likely to excel
earCatholioancestors, whoee words and acts
attest their faith.
Veioo, Oenooa Piesa, Lroa, Florence, son
ether Italian ities and provinsoe, as long a
ty were reespectful to the authority of Holy
Church, IStied wlthb faith, as i evinced by the
mr magnificent Basaiiios and other build
ags of Christian hobarity, possessed a power
that, onsidering the times and imperfect
mesas at hand, eurpassed those of the most
asUrishing modern nations. Ioaa, the Black
Ms, Afries and Asia were the scoenes of th
emmoerotal relations and the military ezpedi
aks of of our forefathers, there they achieved
oportant and feaund victories, and while
r banners waved inspiring fear and reep_
sdn, they were not idle at homr. Tbey
lftivated the arts, and trade increased public
sad private wealth, by every honest means.
he mausaotnres of wool, of silkL of goldware,
Ssta~led glass, of paper, at Florence, Pias,
elegna, Milano, Venice and Naples, supplied
thessaade upon thousands of workmen with
eafstable work, and ttrated to our markets
Lee money and the trade of other lands.
Frem this eame that extravagance so ener
getiselly complaitned of by Alighieri, Vaoohi,
sad by nearly all oar chronioles, and wbiob
was the result of the wealth produced by this
eemmerce. Here, too, was the origin of thbat
grewth and splendor of the flee arts, which
msturally oame to charm the letiese of a life
f eomfort. The names of Oiotto, Annolfo,
lramellesoho, down to those of Pietro Perogio,
lafuel, Titian, Vignola, Palledlo, and a hosat
eoethers, formed a fitting crown for the pie.
tare that represents the wonderful progress of
elvilisatlon in a society that was not obliged
to give up its attachment to the Church and
to beoome infidel that it might keep up with
sab rapid march of perfection and to add ease
sad obrms to life.
But the Church has not only the unqoestion
able merit of having
she has not merely the glory of having caused
society, conducted and inspired by her, to
make rapid strides in the way of olvilization ;
she has a still nobler merit, a still higher
glory : that of having restrained men within
reasonable bounds, and having prevented her
'elf from being carried by an excessive love of
labor to such an extent as to convert into a
saurce of barbarous oppression what, exer
elsed with discretion, is a means of obtaining
for herself desirable advantages and an bon
-e4 prosperity.
The modern shobools of political economy,
talnted with infidelity, regard labor as the
greatest end of man; and they regard man
meslf as a mere machine, more or less val
aeble in proportion to itsprductivenerss. Hence
ath onotempt for man'e morahlty, hence that
abase of poverty and weakness, on the part
ed those who want to take advantage of them
for their own ends. How many complaints
asd bow many solemn grievances have we not
bead, even from the countries that are con
sidered at the summit of olviliraeton, with re
ard to the long working hours impoeed on
ibse who are obliged to earn their bread by
the sweet of their brows I
And those poor children put out in factories
where they are worn out with over work, do
they not awaken the pity of the beholder, dac
they not call forth the indignation of every
generous soul, and do they not oblige govern
mente and assemblies to devise laws to pro
vent this human tramo I And If Catholi
aarity, nlexhanetlble in its resources, did not
rome to their aid with its creches, its asylums
dr childhood, how many children would
there not be left to themselves when the
manal for work teate from the domestio Ire
side not only the man, but even the mother.
Ab I dearly beloved, when we see these things,
when we hear them related by lips that are
above suspicion, it is imposeible for us to
withhold the feeling of indignation that
swells within as against those who dream of
istrasting Into the hands of each barbarians
the destinies of that civilizatiou they pretend
so much to encourage.
But what is still worse is that that inordi
mate labor, while enervating and consuming
the body, is still more ruluons to souls in
which it gradually destroyse all traces of divine
resemblance By dint of keeping men -tied
down to matter, wrapped up, absorbed in it.
the life of the soul vanishes in these poor vioc
time of labor gone back to Paganism. Every
thing that elevates man, everything that
makes him what (.d intends him to be, the
adopted son of the Saviour, the heir to the king
dom of heaven, fades before his eyes, falls into
oblivion, and leaves unrestrained in man
everything that relates to his brutal passions
sad his animal instincts.
In the presence of such sad realitiee,- en
gendered by the avarice and pride of those
who are devoid of feeling, one may well ask
whether these partizana of a civilization sep.
arated from the Churchb, ud without God, do
S not, nstead of imaking us advance, rather
throw as back several centuries by returning
au to those deplorable times when slavery
bound such a large. proportion of men, and
when the poet Jovenal declared, with morrow,
that the human race exists for the amuse
ment of a few citiccns.
Now, who corrects this rash impetuosity
that is running away with our ago, better
than the Catholic Ceurch, which, if, on the one
band, she arges all men to labor, on the other
hbad, resorta with super.human wiec'om to the
best means' to prevent its abuse? Indeed,
without stoppinr at the consideration tha;
o" her, words of humanity and fraternal love
are, by no means, mere words devoid of mean;
ing, who does not know bow effectually shb
has succeeded in soothing bitterness, In break
taug into upon the painful continluity of labor, by
the repose of BSunday and the Christian
solemnitis that, from time to time oceur, and
bring a religious j~y lato the great family o:
As, during a long journey aeoroess a desert
under the burning rays of the sun, the traveler
ooses with inexpressible delight upon semi
spot where mighty trees afford him a desired
esoade, and the fresh grams offers him a place o;
- ret; so, also. these happy days appear to re
fresh the body with rest, and to fill the soul
with Ineffable consolations. Then
wipes from hbis brow the dust of the field and
the workshbop, and, in hise BSunday attire, in.
hales the breath of life with greater happ:i.
msso; he remembere that Ood did nor erate
lsm o he tied forever to the car of matter,
bet to be Im mater. It is for him that the son
eeads ferth tie life-giving reys; it is for him
MaS the hills emit their healthy perfumes; it
maw hrim tshs the feesioi preed one Ions
wredant tapestry to whiohb, with his wife and
sildr, be reeort for inLoooent amusement;
1 cr fokr him that God has created these bhimes
Swhich, though modest in a pperenan;e,
h is eyes, olerer than all otbere.
"eis p oe late the Church, where he 1:
eslied by tie voie of religion, he finods there
plesures that no other plsoe can afford him:
Seh mlsie of the eared cauticles charm his
, , hL eyeso are dmlged by the s'ght of pr
e"eus arbles, b ildingas, elegant decora
: s the aeereiarchitotaral lines;
/. dl d ris hees l moved and purl
c rS~~r~~U r~r UL~4.
fld by the words of the minlister of God who
r-ro:uds himr of his redanption, bio duties n.d
his Immorta. hopcs. It is on these days, too,
that the innoseut Joys of the family cease to
hae a tmre desire and beocme a reality. Stand
lag by the side of his wife, sorroopded by bhi
children, he exeroisee She noblest and the
sweetest of all sovoreignties, he knows his
subjects, who are part of his own heart : they
know him, he inquires into their necesslties'
and the love of labor, stimulated by a desire of
saving, enables him tosupply them. It is thus
that he comes oof his holiday rest, reouper
ated in mind and body, and this recreation
which some presome to call objeotionable idle
nes ise on the contrary a eoonad traee; for,
after baving enjoyed it, he returns to hib work
with re,pwed energy and withoot that aopip
thy which is the out-growth of compulsory or
condemned labor.
And here, dearly beloved, how much might
we say about thib lamentable custom wbteb is
everywhere looreeeilg, and even amongst as,
of profaning those holy days which belong
really to God, but whiob oan, a we have sema,
also be called man's days. How we feel our
hearts lasoerated when we see en ea days sad
holidays these deplorable seadals, thi shops
open, artisans plying their uaut avoeosotte,
machitnery in operation, trade aolnterrupitd
and preventlg all thought. of tbe r more
Important stalrs of the soel and of applica
tlon to the study of truths that are to lead an
through the straight paths of timo to the sore
and blmeed destinies of eternity.
No, dearly beloved, this work that is done to
the detriment of God's glory and of our most
sacored dotlte, can never be made the work that
is to inorease pablic sad private wealth. On
the contrary; for, as a famous insdel of the lats
century has Jstly remarked, "the people re
quire not only time to earn their bread, they
also require time to eat it with satisfaction,
otberwise they will soon cease to earn It." A
holiday renews the exhausted forces of man,
and after it he resumes his work with greater
pleasure and earnestness.
From the few considerations we have rapid
ly referred to, and notwithstanding all we have
been obliged to pass over in ailenee, you see,
dearly beloved, how nnjust and unfounded is
the war declared by the sectaries and nfidels
against the Holy Churoh, in the name of civil
ration, inasmuch as she is the practical worker
of the conditions by whloh man perfects him
self in the physical and material order. It is
clearly evident, on the other hand, that civill
ration does not exist where nations are with
drawn from the maternal discipline of the
Church, but permit toemselves to be carried
away by passions, which always prevent and
corrupt what would in itself be good and
But the better to illustrate this subject,
which, because of received ideas and of pre
Judices, is, as we have said before, highly im
portant, we want to go a little farther, and to
inculcate on your minds more firmly the con
viction that civilization, not only has nothing
to fear from the.Chroeb, but has everything
to hope from her and from her co-operation. It
would be folly to ignore a fact that looms up
before our eyes, that science, by dint of daily
study and wise experience, has availed iteelf
of many of the forces of nature which were~
either unknown to man or escaped his control;
these forces, employed with art, by the aid or
Ingenious machinery, have made production
more rapid, the objects produced less expen
sive, and consequently, they have made the
satisfying of our wants more easy. and the life
of those who have not much to dispense lose
There is nothing better than these disoov
eries; but infidels have sought to make use of
these fortunate and peaceful victories of
science over nature, as an arm with which to
strike the Church, as if these conquests had
been made in spite of her and contrary to her
desires. To give weight to this odious calum.
ny, the pretext is resorted to that the Church
is continually occupied with the sanctification
of souls, and that she Insinuates into hearts a
mysterious horror for things here below;
whence men deduct that if a little good grows
out of, or is to result from, these advancements,
it is due to the revolt they agree to call the
mederm spirit against the influence of the
It would be diffiult to imagine a more fool
ish and more groundless charge than this. The
Church cannot cease to proclaim aloud to all
men the maxilms of her heavenly Spouse; that
the soul and its eternal salvation is the most
important matter that olaims our attention;
that it would avail us nothing to gain the
whole world, if we lost our own souls; that
wealth accumulated by years of labor may be
swept away in a single night.
It is an inestimabie blessing that such in
strootions can be proclaimed among men; but It
cannot for that reason be said that the Church
is an enemy to the study of nature, to an in
quiry into the forces of nature and of theirap:
plioation to the production of that which con
tributes to the usages of life. It is evident, on
reflection, that she cannot be opposed to these
studies and inventions, inasmuch as she is.
by the very nature of things, led to encourage
Examine, then, asd judge for yourselves
Can there be anything more desired by the
Church, more earnestly sought for, than the
glory of God, and a more perfect knowledge of
the Divine Workman, which is to be obtained
by the study of Hlis WorksI
Now, if the universe isa book, on every page
of which is written the name and the wisdom
of God, it is evident that be who has read this
book most carefully and most intelligently will
be most tilled with the love of God, and will
approach nearer to God.
If it is enough to have eyes to see that the
stars proclaim the glory of their Creator, if it
is enough to have ears to listen to the words of
praise that one day brings forth after the ot her,
and the secrets of Divine knowledge which
night showeth to night (Psalm xviii), with bow
much more splendor will the power and wis
dom of the Godhead manifest themselves to
him who will look into the heavens and the
depths of the earth, who will observe the
twinkling stare, and the atoms, the plants and
the trees, who will gather together those coon
vincing proofs that a sovereign wisdom has
ordered all things in measuore, and onmber,
and weight t (Wisdom xi, 21 ) And you think
the Church systematically hoettle, or simply
cold and indifferent to the studies and re
eearches which develop snoch priceless results,
that she should persist in keepinog the book
cloeed, So that no one can read any more of its
pages t You most be very ignorant of the ar
dent zeal that burns in the bream of that
8pouse of Christ, to give faith to such stories
as these.
But by the side of ar seal for the glory of God
there is another love in the Church that burns
no less brightly; it is a love for man, an ardent
deslre that he be restored to all the rights bis
Creator has conferred upon him. N ,w, man
has received from God, for his inheritanoe in
time, this earth on which he lives adof which
he was made the master. The word that re
sounded on the morning of creation : "8obdune
the earth and rule over it" (Gen. 1, 28 ) has
never been revoked. If man bhad remained in
a state of Innocenc, and rrace. he wouid have
exeroled his dominion wlthout an effort; the
subjeetion of all reatunres would have been
spontaneous, whereas now this domination ias
diflooult and creation obeys the rein only when
compelled so to do.
But this domination is not asubetantially dee
troyed, and the Church, which is aMother, can
have nothing moreast heart,than that it be pot
in practice, and that man prove himself to be
what he really Is, the
Loan O0 CIUEA1oN.
And, Indeed, ibls King of all cretatres xer
elnes his right when, tearlg away the vrail
tbat bides his poisessione, he does not ston at
whJot falls under his eyes, or what be Bieds
under his hands, but diving into the very
depths of nature, gathere up the treasures of
fecundity of forces he finds there, and bends
tebm to bhis proit and to that of his fellow
Hlow grand and majestio, does not man ap
pear, dearly beloved, when be lays hi hbands
on the thunderbolt and makes it fall powerles
at his feet; wbhen be seises the electric wire,
and sends it, the messenger of his desires, across
the depths of the ocean, over steep mountains,
aoroes lnterminable plainel How glorious he
becomes when he commands steam to give
wings to hbie fet, and earry him with wonderful
speed over land and sea t How mighty he is,
when by thes various ingenious processes, he
overcomes this very fores imprisons it and
leads it through wonderfully combined chan
nese to give motion and intelligence to brute
matter, so to speak, whihob thee takes the
place of msa and spares him the most severe
atigues I Tell me, dearly beloved, if there
is not in him some spark, sn it were, of his
Creator; when he evokes the light and causes
it to dissipate the darkness of night and deco
rate vest halls and palaces with lte splendors.
The Church, that loving mother, who knows
all thi, is so far from plaoing obstaoles lulls
way, that she is, on the contrary, full of joy
andJ jbilation at the sight of all thisl
Besides, what resson could there be for the
Churob to be jealous of all the wonderful ad.
vancements that our age has realised by its
researches and discoveries Is there anything
in them that can in any way affect the ideas of
God and of faith of which the Churoh is the
infallible guardian and mistrese
who distinguishbed himself in the culture of
natural soences, has written that a little
learning removes from God, bat mooh learning
attracts men towards HiS. Thitgolden maxim
is always equally true, and if the Church is
alarmed at the rtin that a few vain menosan
make, who imagine that they understand
everything beeause they have a slight smat
tering of everything, she has every confidenoe
in those who devote their minds to the deep
and serious study of nature, because she knows
that at the end of their researches they will
find God, who displays Himself in His works
with all the unimpeachable attributes of His
power, wisdom and goodness. If some learned
sage, in studying nature, goes away from God,
it is a a!gn th'et the heart of the unfortunate
man is already contaminated by the vonom of
infidelity that has entered into him through
the avenue of culpable passions. He did not
become an atheist becauee he oultivated learn
ing, but in spite of learning, which should
naturally develop far nobler results. Inde .d,
the !urge majority of those who acquire groat
and lastingknowJedgein the science,, through
the studies they have gore through, and by
their ingenions discoveries have, as it were,
erected a ladder with which to mount to lea
yen and glorify God.
The great astronomer Copernionu was pro
foundly religious. Kepler, another father of
modern astronomy, thanked God for the plea
sure He made him experience in his eotacics,
in which he was transported by the contem
plation of the works of His hands. (Myeter.
Coemogr.) Galileo, to whona experimental
philcsophy is indebted for so powerful an im
petus, was led, by his studies, to declare that
the Holy oScriptures and nature alike point out
the works of God: the first as dictated by the
Holy Spirit, the second as the faithful per
former of His laws. (Galileo, Opere I, xxix.)
Lint eas, by his study of nature, was so in
flamed that the words that dropped from his
lips were like those of a Psalm: "God eter
nal," he exclaimed, "immense, omniscient,
omnipotent, thou hsst appeared to me in some
manner in the works of creation, and I have
been overwhelmed with wonder. In all the
works of Thy hand, even the smallest and
most insignifioant, what power, what wisdom
and what unspeakable perfection do I behold I"
"The utility they arc to us attest the bounty
of Him who made them; their beauty and har
mony display His wisdom; their preservation
and their inexhaustible fecundity proclaim
His power." (Syst. Nat) Fontenello, who, it
appears, was regarded as the Encyclopedia of
his time in the France of the Eigoteenth
Century, already poisoned by the breath of
infidelity, could not help saying: "The im
portanoe of the study of physics does not pro
ceed so much from the fact that it satefies our
curiosity, bus because it lifts us up to aless
imperfeot knowledge of the Author of the
Universe, and revives in our minds the senti
ments of veneration and admiration which we
owe Him." Alexander Volta, the immortal
inventor of the Voltaic battery, was a sincere
Catholic, and in times that were not propitious
to faith
and did not blush at the Gospel. Farraday,
the illustrious chemist, saw a weans by which
to resoh God in the science he was passionate
ly studying, and he could not tolerate infidels
We might go on enumerating other learned
men, bota living anrd dead, all of whom were
unanimous in their religious avowals. But it
is not neceesary, and it would carry us far be
yond our limits.
This is what true and solid learn!cg acoom
plishes in honest minds, in which so mauy
useofol applicstions of the arts and manufan
tures are begotten; and hence it is that no
thinking man will allow hims-if to be de
ceived by falsmv accusations, and will refuse to
believe that the Church iSews the study of
nature with nspioioln, or disdains or combats
the happy consequences that proceed from this
study for the public ;jod. This is a part of
civilization, not the most important in itself,
but one to which we must, nevertheless, give
due cocsideration. Now, de .iy beloved, as
you see, it will not do to make war upon the
Churoh to favor the intereets of civilisation,
which would be most happy and in continual
progress if it was not e3nght to wrest it from
the hands of its good and tender mother to
give it over into those of evil-doers, who carry
it on in unoh ablameworthy manor: that erery
honest heart is filled with compassion for it.
In having thus far defended the Churhob
against onjust charges, we have not, however,
reshed the bottom of our setijet; we have
yet to speak of a merit that is inoomparably
more striking than any other, and that thbo
most signal bad faith oannot refute. It is not
enough, dearly beloved, that labor is enooour
aged, ennobled and sanctified, that man con
tinually extends his empire over the powers of
nasture and compele her to serve him; it is,
moreover, necessary not to forget that there is
a large portion of our brethren who, through
the misfortune of birth or of oircumstances,
cannot earn their living by labor ot any kind.
Now, what a terrible thing it would be if all
these unforteunates were to be excluded from
this movement, called civilization, so long as
tbhey fulfill the conditlons by whioh man per
fees himself, in the phyestoal point of view, in
his relations with his fellow-men. In vain
will the mlegination try to conceive a world
from which all the ills of life are banisYed,
and which will be smiling on every aids like a
perpetnal holiday. Reality will ever bring its
bitter disenchantments, and in the midst of
the joys of the banquet, misfortune will ever
rise up likse a spectre and shied its sintister
-How great is the number of victims made
by the infirmities that weaken the powers,
physiocal imperfections, an inoapsaety for
learing, wars, the violsitudes of trade, the
oountless and varied sources of misfortune !
How many persons are there who haves fallen
by the wayside, what a multitude of orphans,
how many unfortunates who are loudly call
ing for succeor I With all these classe Pagan
ism has dealt with great anoonesro; to a small
number of freemesn, a turbulent oflock, it gavIe
bread and savage amuesmente; oblidren thet
were too nnmerous for the comfort of the
feauily, or which promised no stroag arms to
the State, were
in one way or another; the aged, the infirm,
the helpless, were cast upon some island or
some out-of-the-way place, where they perish
ed under their burdens. It would be well for
modern admirers of Pagan civilization to ro
call these facts to their own minds and to the
minds of others On this point, Christianity
and the Catholic Church, in which alone
Christianity is preserved in all its purity, have
not only given a new impulse to civilisation
but bave made it soar so high that nesiher the
towpe nor s lte pes ac follow it.
lee precepts of charity laid down by our
beloved Redeemer were received with holy
transport, and His example imitated with in
somparable fidelity. From the very begin
ning, not only were the rich most earnestly
exhorted to give out of their abundance, bunt
those who earn their living by the labor ef
their hands were likewise exhorted to make
every effort to posees the mease wherewith
to help she weak, and obtain the blemings re
served for those who would rather give of
their goods than receive the goods of others.
(Aeta x, 35 ) It would be a long and u les
uask to rehearse the history that has been told
over and over again to illustrate how, from
the very earliest ages, the Church has been
eareful to better the condition of the unfortu
nate; moreover, this history has been written
in our own day, and there is no one who does
not know it. A distinguished modern apolo
gist does not hesitate to assert that whoever
wanted to write the history of obharity, would
be, in a manner, obliged to write the history
of the Churh,.
She was not content with establishing asy
lums, hospitals, retreats, but she did isoom
parably more: she caused the
to penetrate into the souls of her children; to
this most noble aim tend all her exhortations,
her splendid worship, and especially the Mass
she calls upon ns to bear, and the Enebaristlc
Table to whioh we are all invited. Before we
ever heard of the crumbs that fall from the
rich man's table to allow some Laszarus, cover
ed with sores, to appease his hunger, we might,
perhaps, by a great effort, it is true, have ar
rived at that degree of bountifulness, either
by a natural goodnees of heart, or by the soft
ening of manners, or again through the medium
of our civil laws ; but no one conild ever have
put into practice what has been accomplished
under the disoipline of the Holy Catholio
Church, namely, the esacrifice of self, of liberty,
pleasure, riches, health, and not unfrequently
,of life itself, for the needs and consolations of
all unfortunates. This is what Christianity
inspires. This is what is never seen outeide of
the Catholic Church.
There is not a corner of the world, not a
country ever so small, in which there are not
to be fined prseons who renounce the pleas
ures and comforts of life, everything that is
alluring, to devote themselves hobeerfully to
the painful mission of tending the silok of
resuoning the fatherless and forsaken, of visit
ing the poor at their rooms, and going gven
into the dismal haunts of those outcasts that
society has been obliged to alienate from its
bsom. Even in the days in which we live,
when faith is banished from hearts, when
Christian virtues are lost sight of by so many,
because of continued and violent contradic
tions, when it would seem as if there were no
higher or more important object than to so
quire wealth and to spend in the pleasures of
the Sybarite the riches acquired by not un
questionable means; when, in a word, every
thing conspires to destroy the love of sacrifice,
you need only, dearly beloved, cast your eyes
around you to convince yourselves that the
work of charity is still going on with fervor;
that grace is not diminished, that the vivify
ing breath of God pervades all parts of the
Church, to awaken the power of sacrifice, and
that a prodigeons energy is ready to alleviate
all manner of sflactions.
Ah I dearly beloved, when, after having ex
amined, with an unspeakable delight, this
splendid proof of the divinity of the Church
and of its beneficent influence, we hear of the
warfare waged against her in the name of
olvilization, we admit that it is impossible for
nous to rid ourselves of a profound sorrow, and
we cannot drlve fr&m us the snlister presenti
ments of the scourges that this impious and
mad ountempt for the blessings we have re
ceived must bring upon us.
War against the Church, dearly beloved I
But why and with what object is this contest ?
Is it to plunge men into the weariness of a
labor that is regarded as the great end of man,
adopted as an instroment for raising himaelf
over tio bowed heads and over the trampled
bodies of his fellows? War against the
Churbch! Again, wherefore is this contest Is
it to give the people over into the hands of a
doubtful and necessarily weak bounty, to tear
them from the bosom of the religion that
inspires and incites the prodigies of divine
charity t Why is this contest? Is it to wipe
out the glorious history of Christian civiliza
tion and revive a civilization that has only
emitted splendor and light enough to reveal
more clearly the festering corruptions of man's
hesrt ?
Dat the Catholic Church, by the mouth of
her Head, has deolared that there can be no
peace with the civilization of our times.
(8yllabus: Prop. LXXX ) Tois is the war cry
that is sent up against us from the enemy's
oamp, and the reason made use of to justify
the struggle that ba been inaugurated.
Bit, dearly beloved, what is this modern
civilization that the Church condemns, and
with which her august Head, the Infallible
Master of the faithful, deolares that there can
be nothing in common? It is not, most as
suredly, that civilization under which man
perfects himself in the three-fold relation we
have indicated; no, it is not that one, but it is
a civilization that seeks to supplant Christianity,
and with it to destroy every blessing that it
has brought upon us.
f11 those who so artfully use the Syllabus, and
set it up as a bugbear before the world, had
refldected that it is not enough to be artfnl,
but that they must also, and above all, be
honest, they would not have rested satisfied
with having held up to the hatred of the world
a proposition detacbtd from a long discourse;
but they would have endeavored to give it it.
true meaning, sooording to the oonneetion of
the documents to which it belongs, and which
ws opportunely pointed out. By acting in
this way, they could easily have convionced
themselves that it is not that true civilization
that springs up like a flower and a fruit from
the roots of Ceristianity that has been con
demned by the Bovereign Pontiff, but that
bastard thing that has only the name of civil
isation, and which is the perfidious and impla
cable enemy of the genuine.
To pretend that the Church has an aversion
for the arts, or the solences, or for the study of
nature and of its forces, is to make equally cal
mnioes assertions. If your minds are not yet
soffiiolently undeceived, and your donbts disi
pated by the reasons we have given yeon, and
by the fact that the most penetrating andi the
moset learned and the-moet- astrious minds
have nearly always been very faithful Chris.
ians and devoted childrsn of the Church, the
receut declarations of the Church will com
plete the refutation of all falsehoods.
The Fathers of the Vatican Connoil have
spoken on this subject in language that our
adversaries would do well to read and ponder
upon. Aftel teachinog that there can be no dis
agreement between reason and religion, and
that the one comes magnifilently to the assis
tanoe of the other, they exclaim: "Far be it
from the Churobh to hamper the enltivation of
human arts and sciences, she, on the contrary,
coaes to their aid, and acu arages them. For she
does not ignore, nor does she despise the ad
vantages to life that have accrued from them;
she confesses, on the contrary, that th=
eclences, comlng as they do from God, if they
arc properly treated, can, by means of divine
grace, lead back to God."
The accusations brought forward are, thean,
utterly unfounded, worthless, and are, more
over, the expression of the hatred hat is
nourished against the Church and of the desi-a
entertalned to blacken her fair name.
RBut if science, in itself, far from being con
dsmned, I. favored by the Churoh; there is one
that is condemned with all justice. It is th
soliene that engenders that Philosophy that
with Batao pride says: "Homan reason is,
without any regard to God, the only true ar
biter of true and fahse, of good and evil; it is
its own law, Itlmfiees by its natural powers
to secure the bhappines of men and of na
It is that soience that dives into matter and
aaeigus it to eternity, that goes up to the Afr
mament and deseenda into the bowels of the
earth to look In vain for an argument with
whloh to destroy Biblical cosoogony; It is that
soience that debases man to the level of the
brate, and which, by its extravagances,
shakes the very foundations of moralo do
mestio and civl order, that the Church op
poses. Now, every man knows that, far frow
eomplsinicg, he ongbt to raise his bands to
God in thanksgiving for having sent into this
world that infallible Authority, which, while
it invokes every blessing for the present and
for the fature, likewise preserves every bless
ing for as, by resouing us from the impious
hands of those whe would wrest them from
Ah I dearly beloved, let none of you allow
yourselves to be led away by those who come
to fatter you with deceitful words, so as to
make proselytes of y-ou and to allure yoe to
your own destruction I If, as is the case among
great and generous souls, you love the honest
advancements and the development of olvili
cation, depend upon it, that you can in no way
make better progress, nor contribute better to
the development of oivilization, than by re.
maining faithful in heart and soul to the prac.
tioes of the Cathollo faith.
You have in part seen the evidences of this
truth sand it would be most pleasing to us to
throw the same light on the points that relati
t- the
in a political and moral point of view, if, in
stead of writing a Pastoral Letter, we had in
tended to write a long treatise, and if we did
not purpose, if life is spared us, to revert to this
subjeot another time.
The foats are there, however, to show to
every one where this insensate warfare upon
the Chnrob, in the name of civilizatlon, has
brought us.
From the humblest artisan, up to those who,
by birth and position, ocoupy the higher walks
of society, there is no one who can say that be
has derived from this contest anything bat
bitterness and dieconragements; and, if oast
ing his eyes still farther, he seeks to discover
what will be the final results of these impious
attacks, if he has sense and heart, he will feel
overwhelmed by a chill of horror.
On the one hand, we see multitudes robbed
of every hope of the future, of every consola
tion that faith brings to the unfortunate; moul
titudes who can And no compensation in the
pleasures of this world, who, too poor for their
desires, and too full of miseries anduontreats;
on the other, a small number of men on whoen
fortune smiles, who have not the smallest
spakk of Christian charity burning in their
souls, and bent only on hoarding and enjoying.
We see, on the one hnand, men trembling with
despair, and who seem to have gone hack to
the savage state; on the other, obscene plees
ures, dances and festivlties, that excite the in.
igsnation of the poor man who is not sucoored,
and which provoke the chastisements of hea
ven. These are the gains promised usl this is
what this open warfare, in the name of oivili.
-ation, against the Churob, promises us, andit
is destined to throw us back again into the
horrors of barbarism. Now, there is a way to
put an end to present evilis and to prevent dn
gers in the future, and it can only be found in
your fidelity to the laws of God and of the
3hurch, observing them courageously and set
ting examples of Chritian life.
And what more opportune time than the sea
so we are now going into for commeuning this
truly reparatory work Those who claim to
represent this age ask for acivilisation outside
of God and against Him, and they will not get
it. For you, dearly beloved, you must say and
prove by your acts, that it is by the grace of
God, and by harkening to His voice, represent
ed by the voice of the Church, that the ble
nogs bequeathed to us by our fathers can alone
be preserved and perpetuated.
It is through the grace of God and through
the guidanoe of His Church, that the nations
will become truly and gloriously civilized. If,
at any time, you feel your soul weakening at
the sight of this great uprising of men, of gov
ernments and of soiences against God and His
Churoh, forget not that you have an invincible
and all-powerful weapon of defence: Proayr!
Arm yourselves with this weapon in publio
and in your homes. Let your cres of supplica
tion go up to God, who is a most faithful defen
der and the buckler of whoever puts his trust in
Him. Pray for our city, for yourselves, for
your families; pray for the Church.
In the meantime we give you our Pastoral
benediotion, and we pray that divine grace
may be abundantly poured out upon you in
every manner by the gifts and consolations of
PERUGIA, from our Episcopal Residence,
February 6, 1~77.
t G. Cardinal P:ccl. lishon.
DEALr! a I
67,59,61,63...New Levee Street...57,59,61,63
anl2 77 ly Corner Poydras, New Orleans.
Weatern Produce Constantly on Hand.
2 and 30...... Poydras Street..--..98 and 30
Corner of alto, o
anlO 77 1y 3W OLEAN.
250 and 2Z2....Maguasne 8treet~..250 o252
rear iiord.
All bane.s entrusted to my ls1, roeeive .r.m.t
and caraefl attention at coe .era
OAXRIAOZ8 TO SItXLn" jnam T8ly
205 and '... Magazine Street.... 205 and 2t7
New Orleans.
inds of MetalIc Cease aed Caskets, Bewee,
sad Plai Comas. mklly 7
or TH CHBT. .
Patented at WaushIagtn mad Ottawsa Is It
Bavtng seoured the right to nauboets e en a -
CTAQ-PANCREATINB theaghoat the
oates and CaOed., the laters atte tea m m
the pubLle to this supetWr meay. @IO
BY T8EMIMELv S. for the relief od the l rp
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tiat!g, it bee esteblished for Itaelf e grsetroebITiM
B-rghouet t hhe Sotb end I ede Im n tese. ne
targe number of our SedingL pbysiolane. P Jl.
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de 771y p iserti co, Ns seer s
TOHAVid OOD.he Am b T5U and
: rolled upon. As a common Falsy Phyele
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Aentes wanted everywhere.
Oet4 77 y _Manufacturers. Bangor. adso.
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correetly traced, preoeds from deraoteeat
rita organ, the Stomach and Liver.
Fevers, eto., are but sequences The SAMUBAu
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Dyspepssi, Wasting of the System. Uoestlpa. 55
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Mrs. GREGORY, Mayeville. Sy., writl,
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been using the B RACE Lri Bl
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Tonic. end another box epres."
Sold everywhere, and by
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Above Josephine.
W' Country order wila
low prices.
436 .... Dd treet ................d
Second Deor above TerpLehee._,, -
kinds aed nltteriok' PAPEIR P&TEE.. .
A hil lin ef STATIONERYX SCOOL 0.300M.
the latent e oand e LiSoIISe s.
as al- lm aa e e. Q!!

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