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MorningStar and Cathollo messenger oing Star nd Ctel esse
Tho Direoterse f eeOompanYare - mayht S' o a Tea goe g _t Most Rev. ffaromsox JOMsel PARCN, withthapprove A rohbishop of New Orleans, authorlty of the Doee t e uM.J.rPredeni dditted nt in eNew Orleae, wan i M ice Proeldent. mainly devoted to the intere .very Rev, (. RArMOIIo , a Othollo Churoh. It will not iatemneb / poltlo e uospt wherein they ri Vey ev C. o with Oatholt right, but will m BRev. T. J. Kmxnr, iniquity in high plaoee, without reM at Rev. T. J. SMrrH. C. K. persons or partles. Next to the esp Bey.T.J.8rxC. -- _-~ , ',rblght of all men, it will osJ l M Rev. B. A.NUZTHAxT, C. 88. B. - 7 ' o _ __ ý\ ý.'ý- ,pion the temporal rit. of the pee. Very Rev. P. F. AL.Irx, -_ P. E. eotTMsa,. " Jopin T. GLnO e MNSe.tbe.v P.R. .We approve of. the aforeeai e,4* Jou . G e. I' ' " taksing, and commend It to the Gathein D. w. BCAUr .y. . . of our Diocese. .A-tt aoemunatstoneare to beaddresed toe t J. M. ar IOta or Nsw OasJaag dttereAeXereamdgu earendsaeAojeaMenger. DesbferIt, t1e. bblestlotiesee-N-o. ll Poydrrastreet, ernero Camp. "HOW BEAUTIFUL ARE THE FEET OF THEE THAT BRING GLAD TIDINGS OF GOOD THINGSI" Term--4suglecopy, ceutay wsymalS- Iaes VOLUME XI. NEW ORLEANS, SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1878. NUMBE, 15. Morning Star and &-atholic Messenger. MAW ORLEANSi, SUNDAY, MAY 19. 1aT8. TELZGRPAHIC IUMKARY. ICondensed from Associated Press Telegrams ] POREIGN ROME.-The associated press telegrams state that the negotiations of the Holy See with England and Rassia have failed, and that the Pope has resolved to adopt a policy of resist. ance. The correspondent of the London Standard is very fearful that "the Jesuitical and violent party has definitely triumphed at the Vatican." THE EASTERN QUEslION.-Everytbing in the line of negotiations seems to have been at a standstill during the week awaiting the re sult of the visit to St. Petersburg of Count Sohuvalcff, Russian ambassador at London. The Russian government has preserved the greatest secrecy in reference to the matter, even ordering the semi-oflicial j'urnale to make no publication concerning it. The Count will return to London early next week, when the results of his efforts will be made public. Thousands of Russian troops continue to pass through Roumania on their way to join the regiments in the field, and many trains of am munition are forwarded weekly. The arrival of reinforcements to Todleben s army before Constantinople has revived uneasiness among the Turks, who again begin to fear that the Russians may attempt to take Constantinople by surprise. The Turks have determined to evacuate Shumla, partly as eatisfaction to the Russians but principally because the troops garrisoning the place will be more useful in the lines around Constantinople. Austria continues to mass troops tear the Danube and Save, and Servia has increased the army on her frontiers from 15,000 to 33,000 men. ENGLAND.-The House of Commons sat through the entire night of last Tuesday, ad journing at 9:30 Wednesday morning. It was in Committee most of the time on the Irish Son day Closing Bill, which, though approved by an overwhelming mj jrity of the people ofe Ireland, is opposed by a few Irish members who resorted on this occasion to obstructive measures. The Queen will soon visit Woolwich, and in-i spect toe troops there. The first army corps is ordered to hold itself in readiness to embark May 28 Up to May 11 sixteen transports car- 1 rying troops from India to Malta had passed Aden There has been serious rioting at Blackburn in consequence of the strike among the cotton operatives. The military had to be called out. GERMANY.-Oa the 11th, two shots were firesat the Emperor while he was out riding, by a man named Emile Max Hoedel. The man was at once seized by the crowd, and arrested with a party named Kreger, who attempted to I defend him from maltreatment. Hoedel is a i member of several Socialistic Unions. He says I that he fired at himself intending by his death t in a public thoroughfare to show the rich the present deplorable condition of the poor in SPAI AND CunR.-The government has in duced Gen. Martinez Campos to remain in Cuba and direct another campaign against the Cuban insurgents Maceo and Vicente Garcia. The Government Lave granted him £5,000,000 for the expenses of his army, a reinforcement of 10,000 men and power to carry out reforms. SourH AMERICA.-An earthquake at Cna, c Venezuela, killed 600 persons. Heavy shocks were felt at Caracas. The he at Lagnayra is t intense; the health of the city is bad : but few vessels in port; business stagnant. e Tnz FENIAN PANIC IN CANADA.-The report- e ed preparations of the Fenian and other Irish t Natronal Organizations of theUnited States, to t invade Canada has caused great excitement t there. From orders which were issued by the c Militia Department, and the preparations be- n ing made from one end of the Dominion to the v cther for coast and frontier defense, it would appear the intention of the Government is to b be fully prepared for all emergencies. Four gunboats, armed with twenty-nine pound guns, and manned with twenty-four gunners, have been ordered to the River St. Clair and Lakes Erie and Ontario. All the C militia on the frontier is being supplied with a arms and ball cartridges, and the interior ft militia have been ordered to hold themselves in p readiness to leave for the front at a moment's w notioe. p MONTREAL, Maop 16.-At several points in ti eastern townships, near the frontier, consider- es able deposits of arms are suspected. The at- c, tention of the military authorities has been T directed to the subject. County Orange lodges assembled here last night and unanimously resolved to go to church in a body on the 12th of July next. It Fifty men were added to the police force to- t1 day, in anticipation of a disturbance on that occasion. UNITED STATEs. T WAsINeroN.-The Senate has again adopt- di ed the bill repealing the Bankrupt Act, the T repeal to take effect Sept. 1st. The bill as m amended now goes back to the House. hi The House Committee on Expenditures of w the Navy Department has reported that the n, Department has been managed with great ex travagance and in utter disregard of all law. in From 1869 to 1876 $179,000.000 have been ex pended for which we have a "navy contempti ile even in oomparison withthird and fourth 01 rala .e.ww.a. re lands-more than a million of acres-granted in 1871 to the New Orleans, Baton Rouge and Vioksbnrg Railroad Company, to the New Orleans Pacific Railway Company, of which Mr. Wheelook is President, is considered sure to pass at an early day. By order of the Democratio cauca. Potter last Thursday introduced a bill providing for a select committee to inquire into the election frauds of the last Presidential campaign. This is not done for the purpose of ousting Hayes, but to place on record all the facts. The Re. publicans in oaucus adopted resolutions de nounoing this bill as revolutionary. They have suocessfully resisted its adoption by re sorting to dilatory motions and by abstaining from voting, which last move always showed the House to be lacking a quorum. Strennons efforts are being made by the Democrats to secure the attendance of absentees, so that the tactics of the Republicans may be defeated. THE INVASION OF CANADA.-West Troy, ft, May. 16.-Activity along the Canadian fron tier in this vicinity goes to prove the correct ness of the rumored Fenian invasion. A body of strangers have encamped in the woods near this place. They are all Irishmen, well dressed and in telligent. Accessions are being made to the camp almost hourly. The Canadian militia have been called out, and there seems to exist a feeling along the border that the immediate invasion of Canada by a large army of Fenians is more than probable. MISCELLEOUS. On the 14th and 15th _n r sand ice were re ported at Dee Moines, Iowa, Port Jervis, N. Y., such Chunk, Pa., and other sections of the North. All fruit crops are badly injured The Democrats of Ohio have redistricted the State in such a way that they will elect 14 out of the 20Congressmen. The statements of dealers in fire arms in New York do not go to prove that the Communists are arming. Capt. Joe. A. Aiken has closed a contraot with the Post OfficeDepartment forcarrying a semi weekly mail on Red River, Louisiana, at thirty thousand dollars per year. He reports the prospects for Red River apuropriations as being very good - The New York Legislature has passed a bill memorializing Congress to com pel the Southern States to pay their debts. A MIecONCEPTION.-A lamentable mis conception prevails among many Catholics in regard to the Sacrament of Extreme Unction. They seem to think it ought to be deferred till the sick are in their last agony, or at least till there is no longer any hope of recovery. The relatives or attendants of the sick sin grievotely if through their fault the last rites are not ad ministered in due time. The eloquent Jesuit missioner, Father Magnire, in a re cent sermon called attention to the fact that physicians too commonly deceive their patients, and act as if the services of a priest would disturb them. So far from this fear being well founded, he pointed out that Extreme Unction is for the benefit of the body as well as the soul, and proved, from statistics published in Europe, that more than half the patients, after being anointed, recovered. Some experiments have been made at Brussels in breaking in horses by means of an electric bridle. The apparatus called the Engstrom bridle, after its inventor, consists simply in a couple of reins, along which run electric wires. At the end of the reins a small electric battery is attach ed, which is entirely in the power of the experimenter. By pressing a little knob the electric current acts on the corners of the horse's mouth, and after a few consecu tive or intermittent shocks the animal be comes perfectly docile. A very intractable mare was broken in after one experiment with the bridle. The inventor asserts that runaway horses can immediately be brought to a standstill by this apparatus. AN Eq IVALENT.-A doctor who had cured a patient quickly was paid his fee, and shortly afterward bought some goods, for which he did not pay. The bill was presented; the doctor called and said they were square, "How is that 9" asked his patient. "You sell goods," said the doc tor, "for cash or its equivalent 1" "Yes," said the patient. "And thirty days is considered equivalent to cash, isn't it 7" The merchant assented. "Well," continued the doctor, "I cured you thirty days sooner than I might; consider that your equiva ent," The patient hasn't quite got it hrongh his head yet, but he will, in time. TaH UTMOST LIMIT OF INDIIrFERENCE. 'wo men of this city were out the other lay soliciting money for a charitable object. [hey came to the office of a certain rich nan, and hesitated about approaching rim. One of the pair finally concluded he would try it. When he came out his part Ier asked him what luck. "Not a cent," laid the man who had "bearded the lion n his den," "not a cent. I told him all about the distress of the family, but it was if no use. He was as indifferent as the w guard of a funeral procession."- Vir rils (Rev.) 'aterprise. FIRST ENCYCLICAL LETTER POPE LEO XIII. I From the Liverpool Cathc!ic Times. On the night of Easter Sunday, at a very late hour, his Holineos leld a private congre gation of many of the priccipal cardinals-a thing so extraordinary as a congregation on Easter Sunday ltirg before unheard of. From this it became evident that tte Encyolical let ter would be pnbls'ied in a very few days. Cardinal Bilio has been aoonstant visitor both early and late at the Vatican since that date, from which we can dic3over the great esteem in wbich the author of the Syllabus is held by the present Pore. On Thursday morning, April 25%h, the Ency clicoal appeared. Toe Voce della Ierita was the first to publish it, and notwithstanding its be ing in Latin, it was eagerly sought after. The following is a literal translation : Encyclical Letter of his Holiness Leo XIII., By Divine P'roridence Pope, to all the P'atriarchs, P'rimates, Archbishops and iishopa of the Catholic World who have Grace and Communion wcith the Apostolic See. Venerable. brethren, health end Apestolio benediction-Scarcely were we, through the hidden counsels of God, though unworthy, raised to the summit of Apostolic dignity, when we felt the most lively desire, and almost necessity, of turning to you, not only to make you acquainted with our inmost feelings, but also, in accordance with the Divinecftice given to ns, to animate you. who are called at our desire, to sustain with us the daily struggle for the Church of God and the salvation of souls. From the very first days of our Pontificate has the sad soectacle of the evils which from every part esi!t the human race, been before our eyes : this universal overthrow of the principles upon which, as foundation, social life is built; the stubborness of those insubor dinate to every legitimatesubjection ; the con tinual rising of discords, from which spring in testine strife and most cruel and bloody wars ; the disregard of every law *of morality and justice; the insatiable desire of perishable goods, and the neglect of eternal, pushed on even to furious madness, which causes often times sJ many unfortunates their death; in considerate administration, dissipation, and bad use of common esbstance, as also the im prudence of those who with perfidious deceit wish to be believed defenders of theiroountry, liberty, and every right ; so unfortunate a state of things that it creeps into the very fibres of human society, and there sets up a revolution that threatens to bring it to a fearful catas- t trophe. The principal cause of such evils rests we are convinced, in the scorn and disdain of that most holy and august authority of the Church, which reigns, in the name of God, as judge of the whole human race, and every legitimate power. And thus, our enemies knowing fally well, d!o not use means more efficacious to de stroy her foundation than constantly to assail the Church of God, and with injurious calum nies to place her in derision, as though she opposed true civilization ; weakening her 1 every day, with new wounds of authority, to t overthrow the supreme power of the Roman a Pontiff, guard and vindicator, here on earth, of 1 all eternal and unchangeable principles of mo- j rality and justice. From which have origin the depressive laws of the constitution of the f Catholio Church, which, with the greatest r sorrow, we see published in many states; from t which the despite of episoopal authority and t the exercise of the ecclesiastical ministry; the I dispersion of religious families, the confisca- F tion of the goods destined for the maintenance of the ministers of the Church and the poor, t the emancipation of publio institutions of e charity and beneficence consecrated by the f Church for this purpcse; the unbridled liberty of public teaching and the press, while in I every way they trample upon and crush the - rights which the Church has to the instruction b and education of the young. a Nor had they other in view than the unsur- a. pation of the civil power which Divine Pror- a Idence has granted for so many centuries to fi the Roman Pontiff, that he might the more P freely exercise without let or hindrance the o power conferred upon him by Christ for the p eternal salvation of men. ti We have desired, therefore, venerable breth- r ren, positively to point out to you this loge- n brious'mass of evils, not that it may augment o in you the sadness which this mournful condi- - tion of things infuses in your minds, but tl rather that you may be well mindful to what a irevious an end have arrived those things P which ought to be the olject of our ministry w mnd of our zeal, and what care it becomes ne- ri ressary for nus to adopt to defend and pro- b mot the Church of Christ and the dignity of a; ;ho Roman Pontificate, assailed, especially in ao ;hese calamitous times, with unworthy calim- of ties. ti It is certain, venerable brethren, that true h fivilizstion is wanting in its solid basis if It is n lot founded upon the eternal principles of al ruth, and the unchangeable laws of rectitude d. bnd jostice, or if a sincoere charity does not It tind together the hearts of all, that they may m execute their respective offices in peace. Now, oi who will dare to deny that it is the Church t$ who carried the Gospel into all nation, sad w he light of truth in. the midst of the most at arbaro.s and superslltioo ptopl ad u moved i - , I~ariurrr~ ~~ly~ d~~$i them to a knowledge of their Divine Creator and to the consideration of themselves; who. abolishing slavery, called man to the primi tive nobility (of his nature; who planted in every angle of the earth the banner of re demption ; introduced and protected the s^lenoc* and arts; founded and taken under her charge institntiona of charit., destined to the alleviation of miseries of every kind ; en nobled the bhuman race both in domestic cir ces and in society, and lifting it up from foulness and fi.th, with so much diligence, placed it in conformity with its dignity and the decreesof nature ? O I if a comaparison were to be made between the present time, at enomi ty with religion and the Church of Christ, and those happy days when the Church was looked upon cs a mother, it would be inumediately seen that the present time, all in disorders and ruin, rushes headlong to the precipice, and that former times, on the contrary, flourished all the more for useful iostitutions, tranquil life, and miohes of every kind, the more obedient e they showed themselves to the goverdment e and laws of the Church. Now, if the quantity I of good which we have just mentioned, derived I from the ministry of the Church, are works and glories of true civilization, far is it from the Church to be hostile to it, but rather has I every rig it to call herself its mother and mis- c tress. For a civilization which is found in opposi e tion to the holy teachinrg and laws of the 1 Church is not civilization but in name, and full a proofs are given of this in the case of those people amnongst whom the light ofthe Gospel s bu naot aboas In Wh7ealLwaean sometimes ad mire an exterior lustre of clviliztion, but its t true and inestimable qualities never. No; the t barefaced scorn of every legitimate power is s not the perfection of civilization ; nor is it lib. t erty, that which, by dishonest and deplorable t methods, an unbridled diffusion of errors, is a allowed to accumulate. by the satisfaction of a ever unlawful desire, the impunity of sin and t crime, and the oppression of the better citizins d Then, these things being false and absurd, they a cannot eonduoot the human race to aperfect state a of prosperity, for sin maketh nations miserable el (Prov. xiv. 34), but, rather, corrupted in their a minds and hearts, they are drawn headlong to tl ruin, overthrowing every well constituted at order and thus early or late placein danger the tl tranquil condition of the public peace. jc If, now, you would turn your attention to g the acts of the Rieman Pontiffs, what could be more iniquitous than to deny how much good C the Roman Pontiffs have merited from civil di society t Certainly our prederessors, so as to pi procure the well-being of all, did not refuse to w undertake struggles of every kind, sustain the tc greatest fatigues. face the'most difioultcircum- te stances; and, with eyes fixed on heaven, bent w not their heads to the threats of the impious, tk nor for degrading bribes and promises betray w their mission. It was this Holy Apostolic See di that collecoted and cemented together the frag. w ments of falling society ; she was that most in benign torch which caused civilization in Pi Christian times so to resplend ; she was the of anchor of salvation in the most fierce tempests Ci which harassed the human race; the sacred St chain of concord which binds distant lands by pl manners foreign in one; and as, finally, of reli- tr gion and faith, she was the common centre, so of also of action and peace. What more t It is the (C glory of the Sovereign Pontiffs constantly to oc be opposed as a wall and stronghold that hu- th man society fall not again into ancient super- th stitions and barbarities. Al Oh I if this so salutary authority had never at been despised and rejected I The civil power tit would certainly never have lost that saored tb and sublime character which religion had im- an printed upon it, and which alone renders sub- or jection reasonable and noble; nor would so ati many seditions and ware have broken out, to mi ll the whole earth with calamities and havoc, Lt nor kingdoms, once most flourishing would ye have been precipitated, from the summit of fa their greatest, to the lowest depths of misery. to And this re see in tee example of the Oriental tai people; having broken the calm bonds by mi which they were united to the Apostollo Bee, an the splendor of their ancient greatness Is ch eclipsed, and the honor of science and arts has thL faded away with the dignity of the empire. on Beunes i so noble, which are derived from the set Holy Apostolic See in every part of the earth soi - which documents of every age attest-have oli been especially felt in the Italian nation, sti which, being the nearer in position of place, gr4 so much the more abundant were the fruits soi she gathered. YeaI Italy owes a great debt thi for her true glory and greatness to the Roman for Pontiffs, by which she is raised high above les other nations. Their authority and paternal St, protection has many times shielded her from oil the assaults of her enemies, and brought her I relief and help, so that the Catholic faith ma might always remain inoorrupt in the hearts an of her children. We shall call to your notice ter -mentioning few examples out of many-the ow times of St. Leo the Great, Alexander III, In- ott nocent III St. Pinus V, Leo Z, and many other by Pontiffs, through the deeds and protection of ins whom Italy was delivered from the greatest er, ruin threatened by the barbarians; saved also dii her ancient faith, and, through the darkness ani and mist of universal rain, sustained and pre- uou served alive the freof soience and the splendor pa of art. And we then call this noble city, seatof to the Roman Pontificate, as testimony, which the has received so singular a quality to become, bal not only the impregnable rock of the faith, but rely also the seat of the fine arts, the abode of wis- the dom, the wonder and envy of the whole world. foll in memory of which public and imperishable del monuments attest, that only through envy and of unworthy calumnies, so as to deceive the mul- fid iltuds, could tbhey prolaim, by voles and in the writing. the oy Apostolic See to be as ob. dos staole to the elvilslation of nationr and of the Is I happlem .tIl. Hal rt Then, if the hopes of Italy and of the world o. rest upon the influence of the Apostolic Bee i and in the intimate union of all the faithful In with the Roman Pontiff, it becomes absolutely e. necessary that we adopt the most watchful ws care to preserve intact the dignity of the Ro er man Chair, and to unite more and more firmly to the members with the bHead, the children with a- the Father. r- To protect above all, in the best way post.l in ble the rights and liberty of the Holy See, a, never shall we cease to exact that their minis te try and power be left entirely free and inde re pendent, and that the position, which the i- Divine Wisdom for so long has granted to the d Roman Pontitl4, be restored to tc. It is not Id the desire of the vain glory of governing y which moves us to demand the re-establish d ment of the civil power; we demand it becausne it our duties and the solemn oaths taken us 11 exact it; and because it is necessary not only a, for the conservation and ore of the full lib it erty of spiritual power, but also because it is it evident that when we treat of the temporal y dominion of the Apostolic See, we treat also d the case of the well-being and salvation of the a whole human race. Then we, by reason of our n ofoe, which obliges us to defend the rights of s the Holy Church, can in no way dispense I. ourselves from renewing and confirming with this our letter all the declarations and protestation which our predecessor, Pins e II, of holy memory, so repeatedly made, both 1 against the civil power, as well as against the e violation of the rights of the Roman Church. I and at the same time do we turn to the princes and supreme governors of nations, supplicating a them, in the august name of the Mos( High God, a not to refuse at so dangerous a moment the e assistanoe which the Church offers them, hut to unite in the concord, and willingly, with this fountain of authority, and to bind more and more firmly with her relationship of re- i spect and love. May Almighty God convince , I them of this truth, and refleoting that the t doctrine of Chris:, as St Augustine save: I Smcagnam si obtemperetur slurem ease Republicw," a and that in the prosperous condition and rev- erence of the Church, rest also public peace I and prosperity, they turn all their cares and thoughts to strengthen the bonds of the Churchb and ncr visible Head, preparing thereby for c their people, who already walk on the road of I justice and peace, a new era of prosperity and glory. Therefo-o, that this union between the Catholio flock and its sovereign Pastor may v daily grow more and more solid, we turn es- C pecially to you. O venerable brethren, that you a will use your priestly zeal and pastoral care , to exolte, in the hearts of the faithful commit- o ted to your charge, the sacred l sime of religion p which moves them to embrace more strongly t. this chair of truth and of justice, and receive with sincere docility of mind and heart all her a doctrines, and entirely regret those opinions ai which they know to be contrary to the teach. t ing of the Church. To this end, the Roman p Pontiffs, our predecessors, and finally Pius IL a of holy memory, especialiy in the Vatioan b Council, having before their eyes the words of tl St. Paul-"Beware that any man cheat you by h philosophy and vain deceit, according to the tl traditions of men, according to the elements ti of the world, and not according to Christ." fi (Coloss. ii., h )-never let pass the slightest d occasion of correcting errors, and denoting p them with the apostolic censore. And we, in a the footsteps of our predecessor from the L Apostolic Chair of Truth, confirm and renew g all those condemnations; and at the same ti time we earnestly tray the Father of Light a that all the faithful in one soul and mind thblk if and speak with us. It is for you, then, ven- it orable brethren, so to work with all your h strength, that this seed of heavenly daoctrine ft may be largely sown in the garden of the a, Lord, and that the faithful from their terider p years may have the teaching of the Catholic A faith so Implanted in their minds, that it may ft take firm root and be preserved from the con- at tagion of error. The greater masenres the ene- a mies of religion adopt to teach the ignorant, and especially the young, doctrines which d, cloud the mind and corrupt the heart, so much oi the more ought to be your care that not vi only the method of teaching be reasonable and fs serious, but also that the teaching itself be at sound and fully in accordance with the Cath- tt olio faith, both in letters and in science; more tt still in philosophy, upon which depends in a ce great part the real advancement of the other at sciences, which ought not to aim at the over- ti throw of Divine revelation, but rather at de fending it from those who oppress It, as we cI learn both from the examples and writings of Ia St. Augustine, the Angelic Doctor, and the to other masters of Christian wisdom. all But the good education of the young, that it at may be capable of defending the faith, religion op and customs, ought to commence from the most wi tender years in the family itself, which in our Be own days Is so miserably degraded, and cannot otherwise be recalled to its former dignity but fe by subjecting itself to the laws which were Il instituted for the Church by her Divine Found er, who, having elevated matrimony to the dignity of a sacrament-symbol of his own union with the Church-not only sanctified the nuptial contract, but bestowed also on the pareotsand children most ecaolouassilstance Vs to acquire more easily, in the follllment of wi their mutual omces, both temporal and eternal ed happiness. But unjust laws in despite of the religious character of matrimony reduced it to thb condition cf a purely civil contract, and it th follows that, the nobility of Christian marriage us degraded, the consorts live instead in a state of legal concubinage, and leave unnoticed the on fidelity mutually sworn; the children refuse da the obedience and reepect doe to the pareots, lat domestle affection is weakened, and that which le seaudalses, and to the hooeety of ipsblie P g*.e.u a rgnt gfIoIsI eil, 00s0e-4he ah d oftentimes a frantic love is followed, by a de a plorable and disastrous separation. Dlsrtders 1 so deplorable and grave ought, venerable y brethren, to excite your seal to admonish, with il the greatest perseverence, the faithful ooo os eigned to your care, that they give willing ear y to the teaching which touchbs the sanctity of Christian matrimony, add obey the laws by which the Church regulates the duties of I- parents and their children. By whlch ', another most desirable effect will be s* obtained, the improvement and the reform of the Individual man, for, as from a vile trunk, worse boughs, and fruit more worthless, spring, so corruption, which oontaminates *t families, occasions contagion and nfetiotln to g private individuals. On the contrary-famllles which are ordered by a Christian life. The e single members little by little grow familar s with the love of religion and piety, to abbeh y false and pernicious doctrines, to follow virtue, to respect their elders, and to moderate that s spirit of selfishness which so much degrades I and weakens human nature. To this end it a would be of the greatest advantage to enoour a age those pions aMsociations which, especially In our day, have been founded greatly to fur I ther Catholic interests. Great, and superior to the strength of man, O venerable brethren, are these things, objects a of our hope and prayers, but God having made the nations of the earth remediable, and hew f ing instituted the Church to the salvation of a men, promising his beneficent asistandeeven to the end of time, we have the strongest hopes 1 that, with your help, men will be so delivered from so many evils and miseries, and dually come to seek health and happinese tn the bosom of the Church, and in the infallible teaching of the Apostolic Chair. We cannot, venerable brethren, terminate our letter without manifesting to you the con tent we feel through the admirable union and concord which binds your hearts with this Apostolic See. And we believe this net only to be the strongest bulwark against theas. saults of the enemy, but also a most Joyful and favorable omen for the Church of a better future, and, while this is of indescribable comfort to our weakness, it gives us courags manfully to withstand, in the burdensome eofios we have assumyd, overy struggle to the benefit of the Church. From these motives of hope and jy which we have manifested to you, wecannot separate the demonstrations of love and reverence which, in the first days of our Pontificate you, O venerable brethren, and together with you many persons, both eooleeiasttes and lales, who with letters, offerings and pilgrimages, and other pions works, have given to our humble person, by which you have shown to us that the devotion and love borne to our meet worthy predeoeessr reigns as equally entire and firm in your hearts for the person of suooccesor so unequal. For these splendid tee tiflcations of Catholic piety we humbly give praise to the Lord for his benign clemenoy; and to yon, venerable brethren, and to all those beloved children from whom we have received them, we profess, from the bottom of our hearts, our most lively gratitude, folly certain that is these restrictionsof things and difuoolt times, your devotion and love and of all the faithful will never decrease. And we do not doubt that these splendid examples of Aflla piety and Christian virtue will be of great weight to move the heart of our most clement Lore propitiously to guard his flock and to give to the Church peace and victory. So, therefore, we hope that this peace and victory may be the sooner and more easily conceded if the faithful direct their prayers to obtain it. We beg of you, venerable brethren, to ex hort them to this, placing, as our mediatrix be. fore God, the Immaculate Queen of Heaven, and for intorcessors, St. Joseph, heavenly patron of the Church, the holy Princes of the Apostles, 88. Peter and Paul, to whbose power ful patronage we humbly recommend our per son, the hierarchy of the Church, and the % hole dock of the Lord. Of the rest, we heartily desire that these days, in which we make solemu recolleotions of the resurrection of Jesus Christ, be to yoe, venerable brethren and the entire Catholic family, happy salutary and fall of holy joy; and we pray the most benign God that with the blood of the Immaculate Lamb, by which the sentence of our condemnation was can celled, the faults committed may be erased, and the juogment which we must undergo for them may be mitigated. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, the charity of GJd, and the participation of the Holy Ghost bhe with you, venerable brethren; to all in general and each one in particular, as also to our dearly beloved children, the clergy and faithful of your churches. As a pledge of special benevolence and of celestial assisetance, we impart, with all our heart, the Apostolie Benediction. Given at St. Peter's. at Rome, on the solemn festival of Easter, llst of April, of the year l't07, and first of our Pontiicate. Pori Lzo XIIL Late Irish papers announce the death of Very Rev. Canon O'Brien, P. P., Bandon. He was a distinguished orator and an aouomplish ed scholar. lie was professor of logic and bolles lettree in the Irish College, Paris, when the revolation of July, 1-3), took pilace, and narrowly escaped being butchered on several occasions by the revolutionists. He was or dained in 1633, and having returned to Ire land, entered on the mission ait88. Peter and Pause, Cork. In 138 he assumed the pastor hip of Dede ..