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The morning star and Catholic messenger. [volume] (New Orleans [La.]) 1868-1881, May 19, 1878, Morning, Image 1

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MorningStar and Cathollo messenger oing Star nd Ctel esse
Tho Direoterse f eeOompanYare - mayht S' o a Tea goe g _t
Most Rev. ffaromsox JOMsel PARCN, withthapprove
A rohbishop of New Orleans, authorlty of the Doee t e
uM.J.rPredeni dditted nt in eNew Orleae, wan i
M ice Proeldent. mainly devoted to the intere
.very Rev, (. RArMOIIo , a Othollo Churoh. It will not iatemneb
/ poltlo e uospt wherein they ri
Vey ev C. o with Oatholt right, but will m
BRev. T. J. Kmxnr, iniquity in high plaoee, without reM at
Rev. T. J. SMrrH. C. K. persons or partles. Next to the esp
Bey.T.J.8rxC. -- _-~ , ',rblght of all men, it will osJ l M
Rev. B. A.NUZTHAxT, C. 88. B. - 7 ' o
_ __ ý\ ý.'ý- ,pion the temporal rit. of the pee.
Very Rev. P. F. AL.Irx, -_
P. E. eotTMsa,.
" Jopin T. GLnO e MNSe.tbe.v
P.R. .We approve of. the aforeeai e,4*
Jou . G e. I' ' " taksing, and commend It to the Gathein
D. w. BCAUr .y. . . of our Diocese.
.A-tt aoemunatstoneare to beaddresed toe t J. M. ar IOta or Nsw OasJaag
dttereAeXereamdgu earendsaeAojeaMenger. DesbferIt, t1e.
bblestlotiesee-N-o. ll Poydrrastreet, ernero Camp. "HOW BEAUTIFUL ARE THE FEET OF THEE THAT BRING GLAD TIDINGS OF GOOD THINGSI" Term--4suglecopy, ceutay wsymalS- Iaes
Morning Star and &-atholic Messenger.
ICondensed from Associated Press Telegrams ]
ROME.-The associated press telegrams state
that the negotiations of the Holy See with
England and Rassia have failed, and that the
Pope has resolved to adopt a policy of resist.
ance. The correspondent of the London
Standard is very fearful that "the Jesuitical
and violent party has definitely triumphed at
the Vatican."
THE EASTERN QUEslION.-Everytbing in
the line of negotiations seems to have been at
a standstill during the week awaiting the re
sult of the visit to St. Petersburg of Count
Sohuvalcff, Russian ambassador at London.
The Russian government has preserved the
greatest secrecy in reference to the matter,
even ordering the semi-oflicial j'urnale to
make no publication concerning it. The Count
will return to London early next week, when
the results of his efforts will be made public.
Thousands of Russian troops continue to
pass through Roumania on their way to join the
regiments in the field, and many trains of am
munition are forwarded weekly. The arrival
of reinforcements to Todleben s army before
Constantinople has revived uneasiness among
the Turks, who again begin to fear that the
Russians may attempt to take Constantinople
by surprise.
The Turks have determined to evacuate
Shumla, partly as eatisfaction to the Russians
but principally because the troops garrisoning
the place will be more useful in the lines
around Constantinople.
Austria continues to mass troops tear the
Danube and Save, and Servia has increased the
army on her frontiers from 15,000 to 33,000
ENGLAND.-The House of Commons sat
through the entire night of last Tuesday, ad
journing at 9:30 Wednesday morning. It was in
Committee most of the time on the Irish Son
day Closing Bill, which, though approved by
an overwhelming mj jrity of the people ofe
Ireland, is opposed by a few Irish members
who resorted on this occasion to obstructive
The Queen will soon visit Woolwich, and in-i
spect toe troops there. The first army corps
is ordered to hold itself in readiness to embark
May 28 Up to May 11 sixteen transports car- 1
rying troops from India to Malta had passed
There has been serious rioting at Blackburn
in consequence of the strike among the cotton
operatives. The military had to be called out.
GERMANY.-Oa the 11th, two shots were
firesat the Emperor while he was out riding,
by a man named Emile Max Hoedel. The man
was at once seized by the crowd, and arrested
with a party named Kreger, who attempted to I
defend him from maltreatment. Hoedel is a i
member of several Socialistic Unions. He says I
that he fired at himself intending by his death t
in a public thoroughfare to show the rich the
present deplorable condition of the poor in
SPAI AND CunR.-The government has in
duced Gen. Martinez Campos to remain in
Cuba and direct another campaign against the
Cuban insurgents Maceo and Vicente Garcia.
The Government Lave granted him £5,000,000
for the expenses of his army, a reinforcement
of 10,000 men and power to carry out reforms.
SourH AMERICA.-An earthquake at Cna, c
Venezuela, killed 600 persons. Heavy shocks
were felt at Caracas. The he at Lagnayra is t
intense; the health of the city is bad : but
few vessels in port; business stagnant. e
ed preparations of the Fenian and other Irish t
Natronal Organizations of theUnited States, to t
invade Canada has caused great excitement t
there. From orders which were issued by the c
Militia Department, and the preparations be- n
ing made from one end of the Dominion to the v
cther for coast and frontier defense, it would
appear the intention of the Government is to b
be fully prepared for all emergencies.
Four gunboats, armed with twenty-nine
pound guns, and manned with twenty-four
gunners, have been ordered to the River St.
Clair and Lakes Erie and Ontario. All the C
militia on the frontier is being supplied with a
arms and ball cartridges, and the interior ft
militia have been ordered to hold themselves in p
readiness to leave for the front at a moment's w
notioe. p
MONTREAL, Maop 16.-At several points in ti
eastern townships, near the frontier, consider- es
able deposits of arms are suspected. The at- c,
tention of the military authorities has been T
directed to the subject.
County Orange lodges assembled here last
night and unanimously resolved to go to
church in a body on the 12th of July next. It
Fifty men were added to the police force to- t1
day, in anticipation of a disturbance on that
WAsINeroN.-The Senate has again adopt- di
ed the bill repealing the Bankrupt Act, the T
repeal to take effect Sept. 1st. The bill as m
amended now goes back to the House. hi
The House Committee on Expenditures of w
the Navy Department has reported that the n,
Department has been managed with great ex
travagance and in utter disregard of all law. in
From 1869 to 1876 $179,000.000 have been ex
pended for which we have a "navy contempti
ile even in oomparison withthird and fourth 01
rala .e.ww.a. re
lands-more than a million of acres-granted
in 1871 to the New Orleans, Baton Rouge and
Vioksbnrg Railroad Company, to the New
Orleans Pacific Railway Company, of which
Mr. Wheelook is President, is considered sure
to pass at an early day.
By order of the Democratio cauca. Potter
last Thursday introduced a bill providing for
a select committee to inquire into the election
frauds of the last Presidential campaign. This
is not done for the purpose of ousting Hayes,
but to place on record all the facts. The Re.
publicans in oaucus adopted resolutions de
nounoing this bill as revolutionary. They
have suocessfully resisted its adoption by re
sorting to dilatory motions and by abstaining
from voting, which last move always showed
the House to be lacking a quorum. Strennons
efforts are being made by the Democrats to
secure the attendance of absentees, so that the
tactics of the Republicans may be defeated.
May. 16.-Activity along the Canadian fron
tier in this vicinity goes to prove the correct
ness of the rumored Fenian invasion. A body
of strangers have encamped in the woods near
this place.
They are all Irishmen, well dressed and in
telligent. Accessions are being made to the
camp almost hourly. The Canadian militia
have been called out, and there seems to exist
a feeling along the border that the immediate
invasion of Canada by a large army of Fenians
is more than probable.
On the 14th and 15th _n r sand ice were re
ported at Dee Moines, Iowa, Port Jervis, N. Y.,
such Chunk, Pa., and other sections of the
North. All fruit crops are badly injured
The Democrats of Ohio have redistricted the
State in such a way that they will elect 14 out
of the 20Congressmen. The statements of
dealers in fire arms in New York do not go to
prove that the Communists are arming.
Capt. Joe. A. Aiken has closed a contraot with
the Post OfficeDepartment forcarrying a semi
weekly mail on Red River, Louisiana, at thirty
thousand dollars per year. He reports the
prospects for Red River apuropriations as being
very good - The New York Legislature has
passed a bill memorializing Congress to com
pel the Southern States to pay their debts.
A MIecONCEPTION.-A lamentable mis
conception prevails among many Catholics
in regard to the Sacrament of Extreme
Unction. They seem to think it ought to
be deferred till the sick are in their last
agony, or at least till there is no longer
any hope of recovery. The relatives or
attendants of the sick sin grievotely if
through their fault the last rites are not ad
ministered in due time. The eloquent
Jesuit missioner, Father Magnire, in a re
cent sermon called attention to the fact
that physicians too commonly deceive
their patients, and act as if the services of
a priest would disturb them. So far from
this fear being well founded, he pointed
out that Extreme Unction is for the benefit
of the body as well as the soul, and proved,
from statistics published in Europe, that
more than half the patients, after being
anointed, recovered.
Some experiments have been made at
Brussels in breaking in horses by means of
an electric bridle. The apparatus called
the Engstrom bridle, after its inventor,
consists simply in a couple of reins, along
which run electric wires. At the end of
the reins a small electric battery is attach
ed, which is entirely in the power of the
experimenter. By pressing a little knob
the electric current acts on the corners of
the horse's mouth, and after a few consecu
tive or intermittent shocks the animal be
comes perfectly docile. A very intractable
mare was broken in after one experiment
with the bridle. The inventor asserts that
runaway horses can immediately be
brought to a standstill by this apparatus.
AN Eq IVALENT.-A doctor who had
cured a patient quickly was paid his fee,
and shortly afterward bought some goods,
for which he did not pay. The bill was
presented; the doctor called and said they
were square, "How is that 9" asked his
patient. "You sell goods," said the doc
tor, "for cash or its equivalent 1" "Yes,"
said the patient. "And thirty days is
considered equivalent to cash, isn't it 7"
The merchant assented. "Well," continued
the doctor, "I cured you thirty days sooner
than I might; consider that your equiva
ent," The patient hasn't quite got it
hrongh his head yet, but he will, in time.
'wo men of this city were out the other
lay soliciting money for a charitable object.
[hey came to the office of a certain rich
nan, and hesitated about approaching
rim. One of the pair finally concluded he
would try it. When he came out his part
Ier asked him what luck. "Not a cent,"
laid the man who had "bearded the lion
n his den," "not a cent. I told him all
about the distress of the family, but it was
if no use. He was as indifferent as the
w guard of a funeral procession."- Vir
rils (Rev.) 'aterprise.
I From the Liverpool Cathc!ic Times.
On the night of Easter Sunday, at a very
late hour, his Holineos leld a private congre
gation of many of the priccipal cardinals-a
thing so extraordinary as a congregation on
Easter Sunday ltirg before unheard of. From
this it became evident that tte Encyolical let
ter would be pnbls'ied in a very few days.
Cardinal Bilio has been aoonstant visitor both
early and late at the Vatican since that date,
from which we can dic3over the great esteem
in wbich the author of the Syllabus is held by
the present Pore.
On Thursday morning, April 25%h, the Ency
clicoal appeared. Toe Voce della Ierita was the
first to publish it, and notwithstanding its be
ing in Latin, it was eagerly sought after. The
following is a literal translation :
Encyclical Letter of his Holiness Leo XIII., By
Divine P'roridence Pope, to all the P'atriarchs,
P'rimates, Archbishops and iishopa of the
Catholic World who have Grace and Communion
wcith the Apostolic See.
Venerable. brethren, health end Apestolio
benediction-Scarcely were we, through the
hidden counsels of God, though unworthy,
raised to the summit of Apostolic dignity,
when we felt the most lively desire, and almost
necessity, of turning to you, not only to make
you acquainted with our inmost feelings, but
also, in accordance with the Divinecftice given
to ns, to animate you. who are called at our
desire, to sustain with us the daily struggle
for the Church of God and the salvation of
From the very first days of our Pontificate
has the sad soectacle of the evils which from
every part esi!t the human race, been before
our eyes : this universal overthrow of the
principles upon which, as foundation, social
life is built; the stubborness of those insubor
dinate to every legitimatesubjection ; the con
tinual rising of discords, from which spring in
testine strife and most cruel and bloody wars ;
the disregard of every law *of morality and
justice; the insatiable desire of perishable
goods, and the neglect of eternal, pushed on
even to furious madness, which causes often
times sJ many unfortunates their death; in
considerate administration, dissipation, and
bad use of common esbstance, as also the im
prudence of those who with perfidious deceit
wish to be believed defenders of theiroountry,
liberty, and every right ; so unfortunate a state
of things that it creeps into the very fibres of
human society, and there sets up a revolution
that threatens to bring it to a fearful catas- t
The principal cause of such evils rests we
are convinced, in the scorn and disdain of that
most holy and august authority of the Church,
which reigns, in the name of God, as judge of
the whole human race, and every legitimate
power. And thus, our enemies knowing fally
well, d!o not use means more efficacious to de
stroy her foundation than constantly to assail
the Church of God, and with injurious calum
nies to place her in derision, as though she
opposed true civilization ; weakening her 1
every day, with new wounds of authority, to t
overthrow the supreme power of the Roman a
Pontiff, guard and vindicator, here on earth, of 1
all eternal and unchangeable principles of mo- j
rality and justice. From which have origin
the depressive laws of the constitution of the f
Catholio Church, which, with the greatest r
sorrow, we see published in many states; from t
which the despite of episoopal authority and t
the exercise of the ecclesiastical ministry; the I
dispersion of religious families, the confisca- F
tion of the goods destined for the maintenance
of the ministers of the Church and the poor, t
the emancipation of publio institutions of e
charity and beneficence consecrated by the f
Church for this purpcse; the unbridled liberty
of public teaching and the press, while in I
every way they trample upon and crush the -
rights which the Church has to the instruction b
and education of the young. a
Nor had they other in view than the unsur- a.
pation of the civil power which Divine Pror- a
Idence has granted for so many centuries to fi
the Roman Pontiff, that he might the more P
freely exercise without let or hindrance the o
power conferred upon him by Christ for the p
eternal salvation of men. ti
We have desired, therefore, venerable breth- r
ren, positively to point out to you this loge- n
brious'mass of evils, not that it may augment o
in you the sadness which this mournful condi- -
tion of things infuses in your minds, but tl
rather that you may be well mindful to what a
irevious an end have arrived those things P
which ought to be the olject of our ministry w
mnd of our zeal, and what care it becomes ne- ri
ressary for nus to adopt to defend and pro- b
mot the Church of Christ and the dignity of a;
;ho Roman Pontificate, assailed, especially in ao
;hese calamitous times, with unworthy calim- of
ties. ti
It is certain, venerable brethren, that true h
fivilizstion is wanting in its solid basis if It is n
lot founded upon the eternal principles of al
ruth, and the unchangeable laws of rectitude d.
bnd jostice, or if a sincoere charity does not It
tind together the hearts of all, that they may m
execute their respective offices in peace. Now, oi
who will dare to deny that it is the Church t$
who carried the Gospel into all nation, sad w
he light of truth in. the midst of the most at
arbaro.s and superslltioo ptopl  ad u moved i
- , I~ariurrr~ ~~ly~ d~~$i
them to a knowledge of their Divine Creator
and to the consideration of themselves; who.
abolishing slavery, called man to the primi
tive nobility (of his nature; who planted in
every angle of the earth the banner of re
demption ; introduced and protected the
s^lenoc* and arts; founded and taken under
her charge institntiona of charit., destined to
the alleviation of miseries of every kind ; en
nobled the bhuman race both in domestic cir
ces and in society, and lifting it up from
foulness and fi.th, with so much diligence,
placed it in conformity with its dignity and the
decreesof nature ? O I if a comaparison were
to be made between the present time, at enomi
ty with religion and the Church of Christ, and
those happy days when the Church was looked
upon cs a mother, it would be inumediately
seen that the present time, all in disorders and
ruin, rushes headlong to the precipice, and that
former times, on the contrary, flourished all
the more for useful iostitutions, tranquil life,
and miohes of every kind, the more obedient e
they showed themselves to the goverdment e
and laws of the Church. Now, if the quantity I
of good which we have just mentioned, derived I
from the ministry of the Church, are works
and glories of true civilization, far is it from
the Church to be hostile to it, but rather has I
every rig it to call herself its mother and mis- c
For a civilization which is found in opposi e
tion to the holy teachinrg and laws of the 1
Church is not civilization but in name, and full a
proofs are given of this in the case of those
people amnongst whom the light ofthe Gospel s
bu naot aboas In Wh7ealLwaean sometimes ad
mire an exterior lustre of clviliztion, but its t
true and inestimable qualities never. No; the t
barefaced scorn of every legitimate power is s
not the perfection of civilization ; nor is it lib. t
erty, that which, by dishonest and deplorable t
methods, an unbridled diffusion of errors, is a
allowed to accumulate. by the satisfaction of a
ever unlawful desire, the impunity of sin and t
crime, and the oppression of the better citizins d
Then, these things being false and absurd, they a
cannot eonduoot the human race to aperfect state a
of prosperity, for sin maketh nations miserable el
(Prov. xiv. 34), but, rather, corrupted in their a
minds and hearts, they are drawn headlong to tl
ruin, overthrowing every well constituted at
order and thus early or late placein danger the tl
tranquil condition of the public peace. jc
If, now, you would turn your attention to g
the acts of the Rieman Pontiffs, what could be
more iniquitous than to deny how much good C
the Roman Pontiffs have merited from civil di
society t Certainly our prederessors, so as to pi
procure the well-being of all, did not refuse to w
undertake struggles of every kind, sustain the tc
greatest fatigues. face the'most difioultcircum- te
stances; and, with eyes fixed on heaven, bent w
not their heads to the threats of the impious, tk
nor for degrading bribes and promises betray w
their mission. It was this Holy Apostolic See di
that collecoted and cemented together the frag. w
ments of falling society ; she was that most in
benign torch which caused civilization in Pi
Christian times so to resplend ; she was the of
anchor of salvation in the most fierce tempests Ci
which harassed the human race; the sacred St
chain of concord which binds distant lands by pl
manners foreign in one; and as, finally, of reli- tr
gion and faith, she was the common centre, so of
also of action and peace. What more t It is the (C
glory of the Sovereign Pontiffs constantly to oc
be opposed as a wall and stronghold that hu- th
man society fall not again into ancient super- th
stitions and barbarities. Al
Oh I if this so salutary authority had never at
been despised and rejected I The civil power tit
would certainly never have lost that saored tb
and sublime character which religion had im- an
printed upon it, and which alone renders sub- or
jection reasonable and noble; nor would so ati
many seditions and ware have broken out, to mi
ll the whole earth with calamities and havoc, Lt
nor kingdoms, once most flourishing would ye
have been precipitated, from the summit of fa
their greatest, to the lowest depths of misery. to
And this re see in tee example of the Oriental tai
people; having broken the calm bonds by mi
which they were united to the Apostollo Bee, an
the splendor of their ancient greatness Is ch
eclipsed, and the honor of science and arts has thL
faded away with the dignity of the empire. on
Beunes i so noble, which are derived from the set
Holy Apostolic See in every part of the earth soi
- which documents of every age attest-have oli
been especially felt in the Italian nation, sti
which, being the nearer in position of place, gr4
so much the more abundant were the fruits soi
she gathered. YeaI Italy owes a great debt thi
for her true glory and greatness to the Roman for
Pontiffs, by which she is raised high above les
other nations. Their authority and paternal St,
protection has many times shielded her from oil
the assaults of her enemies, and brought her I
relief and help, so that the Catholic faith ma
might always remain inoorrupt in the hearts an
of her children. We shall call to your notice ter
-mentioning few examples out of many-the ow
times of St. Leo the Great, Alexander III, In- ott
nocent III St. Pinus V, Leo Z, and many other by
Pontiffs, through the deeds and protection of ins
whom Italy was delivered from the greatest er,
ruin threatened by the barbarians; saved also dii
her ancient faith, and, through the darkness ani
and mist of universal rain, sustained and pre- uou
served alive the freof soience and the splendor pa
of art. And we then call this noble city, seatof to
the Roman Pontificate, as testimony, which the
has received so singular a quality to become, bal
not only the impregnable rock of the faith, but rely
also the seat of the fine arts, the abode of wis- the
dom, the wonder and envy of the whole world. foll
in memory of which public and imperishable del
monuments attest, that only through envy and of
unworthy calumnies, so as to deceive the mul- fid
iltuds, could tbhey prolaim, by voles and in the
writing. the oy Apostolic See to be as ob. dos
staole to the elvilslation of nationr and of the Is I
happlem .tIl. Hal
rt Then, if the hopes of Italy and of the world
o. rest upon the influence of the Apostolic Bee
i and in the intimate union of all the faithful
In with the Roman Pontiff, it becomes absolutely
e. necessary that we adopt the most watchful
ws care to preserve intact the dignity of the Ro
er man Chair, and to unite more and more firmly
to the members with the bHead, the children with
a- the Father.
r- To protect above all, in the best way post.l
in ble the rights and liberty of the Holy See,
a, never shall we cease to exact that their minis
te try and power be left entirely free and inde
re pendent, and that the position, which the
i- Divine Wisdom for so long has granted to the
d Roman Pontitl4, be restored to tc. It is not
Id the desire of the vain glory of governing
y which moves us to demand the re-establish
d ment of the civil power; we demand it becausne
it our duties and the solemn oaths taken us
11 exact it; and because it is necessary not only
a, for the conservation and ore of the full lib
it erty of spiritual power, but also because it is
it evident that when we treat of the temporal
y dominion of the Apostolic See, we treat also
d the case of the well-being and salvation of the
a whole human race. Then we, by reason of our
n ofoe, which obliges us to defend the rights of
s the Holy Church, can in no way dispense
I. ourselves from renewing and confirming
with this our letter all the declarations
and protestation which our predecessor, Pins
e II, of holy memory, so repeatedly made, both
1 against the civil power, as well as against the
e violation of the rights of the Roman Church.
I and at the same time do we turn to the princes
and supreme governors of nations, supplicating
a them, in the august name of the Mos( High God,
a not to refuse at so dangerous a moment the
e assistanoe which the Church offers them, hut
to unite in the concord, and willingly, with
this fountain of authority, and to bind more
and more firmly with her relationship of re- i
spect and love. May Almighty God convince ,
I them of this truth, and refleoting that the t
doctrine of Chris:, as St Augustine save: I
Smcagnam si obtemperetur slurem ease Republicw," a
and that in the prosperous condition and rev-
erence of the Church, rest also public peace I
and prosperity, they turn all their cares and
thoughts to strengthen the bonds of the Churchb
and ncr visible Head, preparing thereby for c
their people, who already walk on the road of I
justice and peace, a new era of prosperity and
Therefo-o, that this union between the
Catholio flock and its sovereign Pastor may v
daily grow more and more solid, we turn es- C
pecially to you. O venerable brethren, that you a
will use your priestly zeal and pastoral care ,
to exolte, in the hearts of the faithful commit- o
ted to your charge, the sacred l sime of religion p
which moves them to embrace more strongly t.
this chair of truth and of justice, and receive
with sincere docility of mind and heart all her a
doctrines, and entirely regret those opinions ai
which they know to be contrary to the teach. t
ing of the Church. To this end, the Roman p
Pontiffs, our predecessors, and finally Pius IL a
of holy memory, especialiy in the Vatioan b
Council, having before their eyes the words of tl
St. Paul-"Beware that any man cheat you by h
philosophy and vain deceit, according to the tl
traditions of men, according to the elements ti
of the world, and not according to Christ." fi
(Coloss. ii., h )-never let pass the slightest d
occasion of correcting errors, and denoting p
them with the apostolic censore. And we, in a
the footsteps of our predecessor from the L
Apostolic Chair of Truth, confirm and renew g
all those condemnations; and at the same ti
time we earnestly tray the Father of Light a
that all the faithful in one soul and mind thblk if
and speak with us. It is for you, then, ven- it
orable brethren, so to work with all your h
strength, that this seed of heavenly daoctrine ft
may be largely sown in the garden of the a,
Lord, and that the faithful from their terider p
years may have the teaching of the Catholic A
faith so Implanted in their minds, that it may ft
take firm root and be preserved from the con- at
tagion of error. The greater masenres the ene- a
mies of religion adopt to teach the ignorant,
and especially the young, doctrines which d,
cloud the mind and corrupt the heart, so much oi
the more ought to be your care that not vi
only the method of teaching be reasonable and fs
serious, but also that the teaching itself be at
sound and fully in accordance with the Cath- tt
olio faith, both in letters and in science; more tt
still in philosophy, upon which depends in a ce
great part the real advancement of the other at
sciences, which ought not to aim at the over- ti
throw of Divine revelation, but rather at de
fending it from those who oppress It, as we cI
learn both from the examples and writings of Ia
St. Augustine, the Angelic Doctor, and the to
other masters of Christian wisdom. all
But the good education of the young, that it at
may be capable of defending the faith, religion op
and customs, ought to commence from the most wi
tender years in the family itself, which in our Be
own days Is so miserably degraded, and cannot
otherwise be recalled to its former dignity but fe
by subjecting itself to the laws which were Il
instituted for the Church by her Divine Found
er, who, having elevated matrimony to the
dignity of a sacrament-symbol of his own
union with the Church-not only sanctified the
nuptial contract, but bestowed also on the
pareotsand children most ecaolouassilstance Vs
to acquire more easily, in the follllment of wi
their mutual omces, both temporal and eternal ed
happiness. But unjust laws in despite of the
religious character of matrimony reduced it to
thb condition cf a purely civil contract, and it th
follows that, the nobility of Christian marriage us
degraded, the consorts live instead in a state
of legal concubinage, and leave unnoticed the on
fidelity mutually sworn; the children refuse da
the obedience and reepect doe to the pareots, lat
domestle affection is weakened, and that which
le seaudalses, and to the hooeety of ipsblie P
g*.e.u a rgnt gfIoIsI eil, 00s0e-4he ah
d oftentimes a frantic love is followed, by a de
a plorable and disastrous separation. Dlsrtders
1 so deplorable and grave ought, venerable
y brethren, to excite your seal to admonish, with
il the greatest perseverence, the faithful ooo
os eigned to your care, that they give willing ear
y to the teaching which touchbs the sanctity of
Christian matrimony, add obey the laws by
which the Church regulates the duties of
I- parents and their children. By whlch
', another most desirable effect will be
s* obtained, the improvement and the reform
of the Individual man, for, as from a vile trunk,
worse boughs, and fruit more worthless,
spring, so corruption, which oontaminates
*t families, occasions contagion and nfetiotln to
g private individuals. On the contrary-famllles
which are ordered by a Christian life. The
e single members little by little grow familar
s with the love of religion and piety, to abbeh
y false and pernicious doctrines, to follow virtue,
to respect their elders, and to moderate that
s spirit of selfishness which so much degrades
I and weakens human nature. To this end it
a would be of the greatest advantage to enoour
a age those pions aMsociations which, especially
In our day, have been founded greatly to fur
I ther Catholic interests.
Great, and superior to the strength of man,
O venerable brethren, are these things, objects
a of our hope and prayers, but God having made
the nations of the earth remediable, and hew
f ing instituted the Church to the salvation of
a men, promising his beneficent asistandeeven
to the end of time, we have the strongest hopes
1 that, with your help, men will be so delivered
from so many evils and miseries, and dually
come to seek health and happinese tn the
bosom of the Church, and in the infallible
teaching of the Apostolic Chair.
We cannot, venerable brethren, terminate
our letter without manifesting to you the con
tent we feel through the admirable union and
concord which binds your hearts with this
Apostolic See. And we believe this net only
to be the strongest bulwark against theas.
saults of the enemy, but also a most Joyful and
favorable omen for the Church of a better
future, and, while this is of indescribable
comfort to our weakness, it gives us courags
manfully to withstand, in the burdensome
eofios we have assumyd, overy struggle to the
benefit of the Church.
From these motives of hope and jy which
we have manifested to you, wecannot separate
the demonstrations of love and reverence
which, in the first days of our Pontificate you,
O venerable brethren, and together with you
many persons, both eooleeiasttes and lales, who
with letters, offerings and pilgrimages, and
other pions works, have given to our humble
person, by which you have shown to us that
the devotion and love borne to our meet
worthy predeoeessr reigns as equally entire
and firm in your hearts for the person of
suooccesor so unequal. For these splendid tee
tiflcations of Catholic piety we humbly give
praise to the Lord for his benign clemenoy;
and to yon, venerable brethren, and to all those
beloved children from whom we have received
them, we profess, from the bottom of our
hearts, our most lively gratitude, folly certain
that is these restrictionsof things and difuoolt
times, your devotion and love and of all the
faithful will never decrease. And we do not
doubt that these splendid examples of Aflla
piety and Christian virtue will be of great
weight to move the heart of our most clement
Lore propitiously to guard his flock and to
give to the Church peace and victory. So,
therefore, we hope that this peace and victory
may be the sooner and more easily conceded
if the faithful direct their prayers to obtain
it. We beg of you, venerable brethren, to ex
hort them to this, placing, as our mediatrix be.
fore God, the Immaculate Queen of Heaven,
and for intorcessors, St. Joseph, heavenly
patron of the Church, the holy Princes of the
Apostles, 88. Peter and Paul, to whbose power
ful patronage we humbly recommend our per
son, the hierarchy of the Church, and the
% hole dock of the Lord.
Of the rest, we heartily desire that these
days, in which we make solemu recolleotions
of the resurrection of Jesus Christ, be to yoe,
venerable brethren and the entire Catholic
family, happy salutary and fall of holy joy;
and we pray the most benign God that with
the blood of the Immaculate Lamb, by which
the sentence of our condemnation was can
celled, the faults committed may be erased,
and the juogment which we must undergo for
them may be mitigated.
The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, the
charity of GJd, and the participation of the
Holy Ghost bhe with you, venerable brethren;
to all in general and each one in particular, as
also to our dearly beloved children, the clergy
and faithful of your churches. As a pledge of
special benevolence and of celestial assisetance,
we impart, with all our heart, the Apostolie
Given at St. Peter's. at Rome, on the solemn
festival of Easter, llst of April, of the year
l't07, and first of our Pontiicate.
Pori Lzo XIIL
Late Irish papers announce the death of
Very Rev. Canon O'Brien, P. P., Bandon. He
was a distinguished orator and an aouomplish
ed scholar. lie was professor of logic and
bolles lettree in the Irish College, Paris, when
the revolation of July, 1-3), took pilace, and
narrowly escaped being butchered on several
occasions by the revolutionists. He was or
dained in 1633, and having returned to Ire
land, entered on the mission ait88. Peter and
Pause, Cork. In 138 he assumed the pastor
hip of Dede ..

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