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Iorlng Star and Catholic Messengers asw OULAle. 5UNDAT, MAY 5. Tr&S. ST. JULdA, I. M. We have received the following comman 4lcation : * " "* 'For a long time I have wished very much to know something about the life and sufferings of St. Julis, whose Feast-day is upon the 531 inst, but have never yet succeeded in learning anything definite concerning either her history or She age at which she received the crown of martyrdom. Will you please give a short account of her in your Interesting column f tbhe "Miniature Lives of the Saints" on Ase 23d. Will you also have the kitdnesa to state if the Giulian chapel, in St. Peter's &.hurch at Rome, is so called In her honor i By responding favorably you will confer a favor on several readers of the STARn. As the life of St.Julia is not given in our Miniature Lives of the Saints we republish the following from Rev. Alban Butler's ".Lives of the Saints." It is taken, he says, from her authentiAc cts given by Ruinart te his edition of the history of Victor Vi anesis, de Persec. Vandal : She was a noble virgin of Carthage, who, when that city was taken by Genseric, in 430, was sold for a slave to a Pagan mer abrant ofSyria, Under the most mortifying employments of her station, by cheerfulness sad patience, she found, besides her sanc titeiation, a present happiness and comfort which the world could hot have afforded. All the time she was not employed in her master's business was devoted to prayer and reading books of piety. She fasted very rigorously every day but Sunday; nor could all the entreaties of her master, who was charmed with her fidelity and other virtues, nor the hardships of her sit unation, prevail with her to be more tender of herself. The merchant thought proper "o oarry her with him in one of his voyages to Gaul, where he imported the most valu able commodities of the Levant. Having reached the northern part of Cor sica, or that point now called Capo Corso, he oast anchor and went on shore to join the pagans of the place in an idolatrous festival kept there at that time with the sacritice of a buil. Julia was left at some distance because she would not be defiled by the superstitious ceremonies, which she jpenly reviled. Felix, the governor of the stand, who was a bigoted Pagan, asked the .nerchant who this woman was who dared to insult the gods. He informed him that she was a Christian, and that all his author ity over her was too weak to prevail with ssa to renounce her religion, but that he onund her so diligent and faithful he could aoi part with her. The governor offered him four of his best enrale slaves is exchange for her. But the merchant, whose name was Eusebins, re plied: "No; all you are worth will not purchase her, for I would freely lose the most valuable thing I have in the world rather than be deprived of her." However, the governor, whilst Eusebins was drunk and asleep, took upon him to compel her to sacriflce to his gods. He proffered to pro -are her liberty if she would comply. The khint made answer that she was as free as she desired to be as long as she was allow edtoserve Jesus Christ; and whatever .boh'id happen, she would never purchase ,:er. il!reety oy so abominable a crime. refix, thinking himself derided by her un aoanted and resolute air, in a transport of rne caused her to be struck on the face, and the hair of her head to be torn off; aiid lastly, ordered her to be hanged on a z:oae till she expired. Certain Monks of the Isle of Gorgon (which is now called La -orgona, and lies between Corsica and leghorn) carried otf her body ; but in 763, ieaiderius, King of Lombardy, removed sir relics to Brescia, where her memory is welebrated with great devotion. St. Julia, whether free or a slave, wheth sa in prosperity or in adversity, was nqually ferveit and devout. She adored all the sweet designs of Providence; and far from complaining, she never ceased to re'laa and thank God under all his holy appointments, making them always the means of her virtue and sanctification. God, by an admirable chain of events, raised aer by her fidelity to the honor of the aints, and to the dignity of a virgin and martyr. T.EE EMIARiRASSMEX'TS OF RUSSIA. Among the motives which may reason ably be supposed to influence Russia in de siring a pacitic settlement are not only the anancial exhaustion consequent on the fcent war, but the actual state of her army sad the domestic troubles with which she threatened. The ravages of disease among the troops now in Roumelia is so i, :rible that the loss of effectives has "een estimated at one per cent. per diem, vhide the mortality in Armenia has been 'oen greater. Although troops are being .-~tinually poured into Bulgaria and Rou bsia, it must be difficult to strengthen a :.rce which is dwindling at such a rate. Ai, while this drain on the army of occu , ,iou is going on, the Emperor is said to Sk pressing for the retorn of the Imperial ilnard toSt. Pl'terseburg. The Grand Duke Nicholas is br-lioved to have remonstrated, a ging that tie lose of the Guard would dislocato" tliht army, the command of which, on h!I rcturn to Russia, is traus ::ed to Gencral Todleben. But the Em peror is reported to be "feverish with amxiety," uandl not without cause. For the bikiliste, always dreaded by the Russian S ,bovernment, are beginning to be trouble isoe, and there have even been some pub. )iePppeale to insurrection. Advices from St. Petersburg, according to the Vienna sorrespondeut of the Salndaurd, state that * Hthe internal disturbances are growing aore serious," and that the Pl'etro-l'arloaki dtadel, which commands the town. ".. for i Ihe frst time closed between sunset and snarise, and all traflio is forbidden on that branch of the Neva which runs beneath the -hrtilfleatione." The Government must no doubt be pain . llypre-occupied by the universal explo S. on of approval with which thle acquittal f YVera Zaeanlich has been greeted by the ees and the public. It will be remember a' that this girl deliberately shot General , 2rpoff, the Adjutant-General of Police, ot-earlng, as she avowed, vhethler ahe h-iled or only woundr e him, as the only iasf punishbling blim for a flogging lIn *. -'",'.. · C. -. • flicted on a political prisoner, whom she did not know, for some breach of prison discipline. The facts were most clearly proved on the trial, and the prisoner did not attempt to deny them. But it came out that she had passed the greater part of her youth in prison or under the restraint of surveilanee, without any trial and sim ply at the arbitrary will of the police, who treated her as a criminal because she was personally acquainted with a political offender, and had it was alleged, received letters for him. ihis being established, as well as the fact of the flogging which had moved her indignation against General Trepoff, the jury, though there could be no doubt that Mile. Zassulich was guilty of the act laid to her charge, did not stop at extenuating circumstances, or ask for a mitigation of punishment, but acquitted her altogether. Of the twelve men com posing this jary nine were Government officials, and even the judges treated the accused girl with the greatest considera tion. The verdict seems to have opened everybody's mouth, and to have revealed an amount of discontent at arbitrary gov ernment which few suspected to exist. The whole press treats Mile. Zassulich as a second Charlotte Corday, and applauds the jury, who, says the Noroje Vremfa, "have defended right and justice against the law and the Government." The effect of the verdict is described by one who has just lift St. Petersburg in these words, "If there had been an actual revolution the impression produced could scarcely have been greater." The authorities, who counted on a conviction as certain, are in consternation, and the acquitted prisoner, who disappeared immediately after the trial, seems not-to have vanished without cause. She writes from her place of con cealment to the Messager du Nord that the gendarmes attempted to remove her into another carriage with an intention which she perfectly understood, and that she only escaped in the riot caused by the attempt of the police to remove the people who thronged around the carriage. The address of the friend to whose house she had intend ed to go having been given in the hearing of the police, that house was searched and all its female inhabitants examined at two o'clock in the morning. Mile. Zassulich, therefore, prefers to keep her present whereabouts a secret. Disaffection at home under different circumstances might per haps tempt the Russian Government to en gage in a foreign war, but when it is ac comopanied by other difficulties abroad, we may hope that it will tell in favor of con ciliation and peace. A TIE VOTE IN ENGLAN.D. A special election was recently held in South Northumberland, England, to fill a vacancy in parliament. There were two candidates, Mr. Grey, Liberal, and Mr. Ridley, Conservative. The contest was warm and close. Out of 6,415 registered voters in the borough 5,826 were polled; and after several careful countings, it was found that the vote stood ; Grey, 2 914 ; Ridley, 2 $12, showing a majority of 2 for the Liberal. But his opponent showed that two ballots cast for Grey had the lat ter's name written on them, which was con trary to the statute, as nothing more than a mark opposite the name of the candidate voted is allowed-the government furnish ing all the ballots with the names of all the candidates printed on them, and the duty of the voter being limited to making a mark opposite the name he votes for. The sheriff, who was the returning officer, ad mitted the objection, and threw the irreg ular ballots out. This left a tie vote, each candidate having 2915. In case of a tie, it is the privilege of the sheriff, who does not vote at the polls, to decide it by giving a casting vote, and in this case that officer, who is a Conservative, proposed to decide in favor of Ridley ; but that gentleman de glined to take such an advantage of his op ponant, and both candidates were returned -a proceeding which is permissible under English laws. After the matter had been thus settled, Mr. Grey addressed his friends from the town hall in Hexham, and publi cly acknowledged that he and his support ers were indebted to the generosity of his opponent for his present position, and wound up by calling for three cheers for Mr. Ridley. The cheers were heartily given. After this, the two candidates walked arm iin arm to Mr. Grey's carriage and drove tff together. Though the vote was a tie it proved a great victory for the Conservatives, as the constituency is one which heretofore has always given immense majorities for the Liberal party. Besides, the Liberal can didate declared that so far as the Eastern Question was concerned, if elected he would assist the Conservatives in all measures calculated to defend the interests and up hold the honor of the British Empire. The German papers publish the two fol-. lowing a pts of brutality committed in Cath olic churches by the Prussian police. In the parish church of Chynowa, diocese of Posen, the congregation had assembled for a lay service, when, in the very midst of their devotion, a commissary of police, accom panied by a number of constables and four gendarmes, all with drawn swords, arrived at the church door, and, finding it locked, broke it open with an axe. Having thus gained admission, the vandalic intruders, with the greatest rudeness to the praying multitude, began a minute search after a certain priest whom they supposed to be present in church. They looked under every bench, especially on the women's side, went up into the pulpit, behind the altar-in short left no spot unsearched, but could find nothing, and departed. Another equaally disgraceful police visit took place in one of the churches in Dantric on Easter Sunday during Hligh Mass. Thesearch for a "May Lawed" priest was conducted as noisily and rudely here las in Chynowa, and with the same negative result. Human nature is selfish and many of the knowing ones, even amolng the gentle sex, when they have discovered something good. are loathe to tell others, desiring to monopolie it for their own beneat or that of their Intimate friends. Fortunately for the world at large, however, newspapers like the STAR are published to let people know of the good things going. and it is in the dischsrgpe of this pleasant duty that we are called upon to-day to announce to strangers visit. ing the city and to residents in ont.of the way sections that the popular house of E. II. Adams & Bro., 504 Magenioe street, make a most opportune offering of seanorable supplies in the dry tcods line, as will be seen by their advertisement on our fith page. Thor oughl.y tisted in all that pertainsto the business, wide awake to all advantages to be secured, and possessed of that push and liberal-mlndedoess which are ever characterietio of first class merebhants, we know of no house that can or does ofter sopenrior advantages to the pUtchasers of dry gonds. TBZ TBRU MEANING OF THE ANSWER AT CANA. Rev. Father Albertus, of the Order of St. Dominic, one of the earliest missionaries to Kurdistan, when asked for an explana tion of several passages and expressions in Holy Scripture which appear to us obscure or unsuitable, gave it by describing the manners and customs of the East, which often throw a new light on such passages. Among others was the reply given by our Lord to His Mother at the marriage feast of Cana, which the missionary explained as follows: The Prefect of the Dominican mission id Kurdistan had resolved to place in the hands of the Archbishop a sum of money for the repairs of a chureh which belongs to his See. Soon after, when this Prelate paid the Fathers a visit, the Superior bade the proctor hand him the sum of two hundred and fifty francs (a considerable sum for that country) and remarked that the money was given simply to repair the above named church, which wauld otherwise fall to ruin. At these words and at the sight of the money the Bishop raised his hands, gazed earnestly at the Fathers, then leaning back in his divan, he cried. out: "Man bain anta an ana!" The proctor, who understood the Chaldean language, recognized to his as tonishment those words of the Savior to Mary, which are usually translated, "What is that to me and to thee ?"or "What have I to do with thee " In much surprise he communicated the answer to his Superior, and neither of them could refrain from ex pressing his surprise and dissatisfaction at this utterance. In obedience to his Superior the proctor asked the Archbishop why he was not sat isfied, as the missionaries had already made him so many presents. "How ! not satisfied !" replied the Archbishop, "why, I am delighted. You have surpassed my expectations. You have divined my thoughts. To obtain aid for that church was my greatest wish ; in fact, it was for that I came to you." He then repeated the words given above, and was not a little surprised that the missionaries did not un lerstand the expression in the Bible, and ie explained to them that in Chaldee it was an asseveration of the most intimate inion of sentiment, being meant to express: 'There is nothing between us; what is in by heart is also in mine ;" (oes ,' i arons u qu' une pensee)-"We have had but one bought between us." Attention being thus called to the matter, he missionaries soon found in the common >arlance of the Chaldee dialect full and requent confirmation of the Bishop's asser ion. Father Albertusn also related the follow ng circumstance as a further voucher for he correctness of this interpretation. A rich man of some consequence (a Knr listan chieftan, who, although a Catholic, iad many times taken part against the :burch), once forgot himself so far as to ift his arm in order to strike a priest ; but, in the instant, he was visited by a punish nent from God; his arm stiffened. (In ountries where the Faith has not yet aken much root these ex!raordinary signs rom God are not rare). After a while the risaionaries took advantage of this cir u;mstance to make an appeal to the con cience of this officer, and so far succeeded bat he took the resolution of making the zxercises in the monastery of Mar Tacub, herishing the hope of thereby regaining he use of his arm. Now, the arm contin led stiff as before, but the man's heart was changed, and when at the conclusion of this holy time he was on the point of leparture, he was in the best possible rame of mind. He knelt before the Su erior to kiss the hem of his holy habit nd to receive his blessing. The Superior admonished him to be mindful of the duty ncunbent on him to repair the evil he had lone, and as a means of thus satistying for aset delinquencies, recommended him to ebuild a church which had fallen into lecay, and also to afford succor to a Thristiau village, which had been almost leetroyed by an inundation. In a joyfu one, and without a moment's hesitation, he Kurdistan chief replied: "Man bain irta un ana !" and, continuing, "1 thought if this the whole time of the exercises; "ather, you have hit on my own thought !" Lnd repeating, "A'an bain anta un ana," he eft the monastery, mounted Iis horse and is he slowly rode away the Fathers heard rim again call out, as if it were the echo if hisjoy : "Maut bain antsa n ana I ' These words ascended as a thanksgiving from the allness of his overflowing heart. In this manner the missionaries became sore and more convinced that the expree 'ion s "Man bain ants un ana," which St. Jerome has rendered in the Latin Bible by the words, "Quid Mihi et tibi ?" is incor rectly translated in modern languages by an equivalent of "What is that to Me and to thee f'' Throughout the East it never occurred to any one to consider it otherwise than as an expression of the most intimate union of soul between Jesus and Mary. General Todleben is arranging to make Ad rianople his base of operations in case of war. ie has already occupied the range of hills, now covered with earthworks, running from the Sea of Marmora to the Black Sea, eighteen miles west of Constantinople, and has ordered future army supplies to be delivered at Adrian ople, which is the key to the eight practical Balkan passes, a nd which Todleben, who ought to know, says can be made impregnable with five hundred cannon. Adrianople com mands the railroad to Constantinople, 120 miles distant, the branch railroad running north towards the Balkans as far as Jambohl and the railroad running up the Maritzs valley to Phil!ippopollas and the Tatsr-Bea irdj ik. Had the Grand Duke Nicholas stopped at ihislpoint, as Dieb:tsoh did in 182t, and mnade a base of the line running from Enos, on the Agean Sea, to Borgas, on the Black Sea, and biad he then reconstructed the Roumelian and Bulgarian territory to the sonth, the west and north, he could undoubtedly have forced a treaty on the Porte more advantageous to RIoussia than either the San Stefano treaty or that which Diebitsch secored from Sultan Mahmond, without run ning so nuoomfortably against British interests, as was done by marching down the Roumelian slope to the shores of the Bea of Marmorn. "My man," said an English lawyer to s wit ness, "tell us now exactly what passed." "Yes, my lord; I sid I would not have the pig." "And what was his anwerr" "He said that he had been keeping it for me, and that he- ." "No, no; he could not have said that, he spoke in the first person." "No, my lord; I was the first person that spoke." "I mean, don't bring in the third pers;on ; re peat his exact words." "There was no ntuird person, my lord; only him and me." "My good follow, he did not say he had been keep ing the pig; he said 'I have been keeping it.' " "I assure you, my lord, there was no mention of your lordship at all. We are on diferent stories. The:e was no third person there, and If anything had been said abunt your lordship I most have heard It," The lawyer gave in. MORE. N. T. rstmai ' Josrnal. On Saturday last, May 5, the Most Rev. James Gibbons, D. D., Archbishop of Bal timore, laid the corner-stone of the new St. Pius's church in Baltimore. The idea of erecting a memorial church to our late beloved Pontiff., under the patronage of St. Pius V., was conceived by the late Archbishop Spalding, in commemoration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Pontifi cate of Pope Pins IX. The death of the Most Rev. Archbishop Spalding postponed the prosecution of the work for a time. It was taken up by the late Archbishop Bay ley, but ill health prevented his continuing the work. It fell 4o the lot of Archbishop Gibbons to proceed with the work, and consequently, on Sunday last, in the pres ence of a large concourse of the clergy and laity of the Diocese of Baltimore, he laid the corner stone with imposing ceremonies. The sermon was to have been preached by Rt. Rev. John J. Keane, D. D., Bishop elect of Richmond, but owing to the in clemency of the weather it was omitted. A large number of the Catholic societies of Baltimore turned out on the occasion. The designs of this new Church indicate that it will be a splendid specimen of archi tecture, while its location, in an elevated section of Northwest Baltimore, is such ts to well display its imposing architectural features. The design is purely Gothic. Two towers, one with the spire 285 feet in height, rise from the front, surmounted by a croms. The other tower will be 122 feet to the finial of its spire. The exterior and interior ornamentation will be rich and elaborate. Over the main portal will bes -representation-of- a shield,-bearingthe Papal tiara and keys. Over the entrance there will be a superb circular window of stained glass in appropriate designs, and above the main entrance in the tower an alto relief sculpture of the Immaculate Conception and hovering angels. Mary land granite and Texas white marble will be used in the general construction. A pastoral residence for the use of the pastor, Rev. Father Mallory, will also be built of the same material, adjoining the Church. It is expected that the edifice will not be ready for occupancy before November of next year. The total cost will be about 8100o000. MAi, FACTIUREBS' PROFITS. It seems imposeible for the advecates and beneficiaries of a protective tariff to get rid of the notion that one of the duties of the Gov ernment is to grant privileges to one class of persons that are denied to all others. Indeed, they appear to imagine that a special privilege once granted becomes a vested right which the grantor has no authority to take away, and that to place a protected manufacturer on the same level with other people would be an Insufferable outrage. The new tariff bill pend ing in Congress is very far from being such a measure as the interests of the country and the wants of the treasury demand; it is so far short of what it ought to be that it is probable it will not be passed by the present Congress. But it is absurd to say, as Mr. Banks, of Mas saohosetts. said in the debate Tuesday, that the slight reduction in the duty it makes on wool and woolen goods would ruin the mann factures of New England. The facts prove that they are not so easily ruined. The divi dends paid by the woolen mills of Massaobu- I setts in 1870 were 15 per cent; in 1871, 17 per cent; in 1872, 13 per cent; in 1873, 9 per cent; in 1874, 14 per cent; in 1875, 9 per cent, and in 1876, 10 per cent, Mr. Banks attempted to re but the effect of these figares by asserting that the dividends for 1876 were only 5 13 per cent on an aggregate capital of $52,000,000, and that there were 33 woollen mills in the State that had not paid any dividends at all that year. But he did not attempt to deny the large dividends of 9 to 17 per cent that were paid from 1870 to 1875. It was protection against foreign competi tion that secured such large profits to the Massachusetts woolen manufacturers-and this protection extended to them as a special favor, they now demand shall be continued as a right. But has Mr. Banks no regard for the rights of those who are taxed to pay these dividends ? If it will "ruin" the Massachu setts woolen-mill owners to have smaller divi dends than 11 and 17 per cent, what is to be come of those who are forced by law to bny Massachusetts woolens at high price instead of foreign woolens at a low price ? How the German Liberals Obey Bismarek. (Liverpool Times.) That Prince Bismarck, by hisa blood-and iron " policy, has greatly increased Germany's power abroad, cannot be denied; but can this success seriously be pleaded in excuse for the tyranny which he exercises within his coonn try t Here his will rules supreme, and public opinion-if there is such a thing in Germany as well as the clearly-expressed wishes of Par liament, are utterly disregarded by oar modern dictator. Scarcely has the Reiohstag declared its determination not to support any measure likely to lead to the tobaco monopoly, when Prince Bismarck, in his turn, declares that he will go in for it all the same; and in order to show Parliament how little he cares for its opposltion, he at once and ostentatiously gives the necessary orders for preparing a new To bacoo Bill. As an answer to his defiant atti tude, the National Liberal members held a meeting this week, In which they were not, in principle, opposed to an enquete in the tobacco question, not to granting a credit for such a purpose, still they wished the Government clearly to understand that they would not allow the sums voted to ba spent on any work tending to prepare the introduction of the monopoly. Almost at the same time, when this resolution was passed, the credit asked for by Bismarck's Government was granted in Parliament, and the Chancellor had his own way again. CARDINAIs DIE sIY TuREES.--Many Romane of the good old school declare that it has always been a saying in Rome that no Cardi nal ever dies without being followed iwithin a brief space of time by two other members of the Sacred College, and this has been especially re markable within the last two years. In the November of the year 1876. Cardinals Antonelli and Barrioy Fernandez died, and in the De oember following Cardinal Patriz; in the May of 1877. Cardinals Vannicellt, Casoni and Tre visasnato; and in Joly, Cardinaosl De Angelior. In the August, September and October respeo tively of the same yesa-, Cardinal Bizzarri, Sforzs and Capalti An interval of four months now occurs, and no death takes place in the Sacred College before the 27th of February of this present year, when Cardinal Saint Mare departs this life, and is immediately followed by Cardinal Amat on the 30th March, and Car dinal Berardi on the Gth April. A gossiping woman, intent on slander, went into a neighbbor's, and exclaimed, as she threw herself into a chair, "One half the world doesn't know how the other half lives ?" "That isn't your fault," quniotly responded the neighbor, Deserve friends and you will have them. This world is teeming with kind-hearted peo pie, and yeou bare only to carry a kind, sympa thetio heart in your bosom toocll out goodness and friendship from others. THE AMERICAN UNION ANTl CATHOLIC SECRET SOCIETT. Cathoho Review, May II. During the whole of last week the "Or der of American Union Anti-Catholic Secret Society" has been in session at Washington, We do not know much about this association, save that it is the present concrete form of what remains of the spirit of Know Nothingism and Native-Ameri canism. During the last Presidential campaign Mr. Hayes was said to have permitted his secretary to write encourag ing letters to the officers of this secret aassociation. Senator Blaine is supposed to belong to it. No doubt politicians have fancied that they could use the machinery of the associatron for their own advantage. But, happily, thus far secret political asso ciations in this country have never been long lived, and have seldom accomplished much mischief save to themselves. An American politician who affiliates himself to such an organization is apt to sign his own death warrant. For any legitimate public purpose there is no need of secrecy. The secrecy with which the "A. U. A. C. S. S8." attempts to conceal its movements is a I sufficient proof that its purposes are evil. Here, however, we are told, is "a series of resolutions adopted by these skulking fel lows at their Washington convention; and we are likewise told that they will try to have them incorporated in the platform of the Republican convention in the coming of campaign : 1. Favoring an amendment to the Constitu- j, tion forever forbidding any appropriations of public money, property or credit, for the bene it, direotly or indirectly, of any institution d, under sectarian control. 2.Favorilg an amendment to the Consfitu tion forever forbidding any special legislation for the benefit of any one religions sect. 01 3. Favoring an amendment to the Constita- cii tion requiring all oburch property to be held he by trustees to be composed of the members of the congregation, society or institution, owning and using the same. 4. Favoring an amendment to the Constitn tion requiring all who become voters after the passage of the amendment to be able to read Al and write. 5 Favoring an amendment to the Coestito tion requiring that all property, including that Al owned by eoolesiastioal bodies, shall be taxed. with the exception of public property and Al cemeteries. 6 Favoring compulsory education. A 7. To maintain and enforce a univerl aond nseectarian free school system. e. To resist all organized ecolesiastical inter ference in civil affairs. There is a certain malignant feeling dis played in framing these resolutions. The substitution of the word "Catholic" for "sectarian" would express what these men mean. Their whole stock in trade is the ignorant prejudice which still exists among tot certain classes against the Catholic Church. T But we scarcely think they can accomplish a! much mischief. The clientage to which they appeal is daily growing less numeor- re one and less influential. PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION. tal its It is mentioned that, notwithstanding the great strikes that have been going on in tb Lancashire, England, for several weeks, co and the diminution of the supply of manu- an, factured goods which might be supposed to re attend them, there has been no quickening ch of demand for these goods, and no increase phl in the price. This fact suggests the ex- an planation of the whole labor trouble in tot England and the United States. Con- Ni sumption cannot keep up with production. With the aid of machinery we are making more fabrics than we can use up. In these two countries, England and the United to Stases, machinery has been developed with n. marvelous rapidity, and steam power ap- cy plied to an enormous extent. One intelli- ff gent and expert workman, with the aid of an, machinery driven by the power evolved in the burning of a ton of coal, now turns out rig as great a |propuct, in the shape of cloth, de as ten men did twenty-five years ago, and pec as one hundred men did a hundred years pr, ego. But consumption, extravagant as it Ja is, cannot keep pace with this; the world mc does not and cannot consume ten times as te much cloth as it did twenty-five years ago. sei The machinery in England is said to pos- re, seas the productive capacity of one thou- da sand million men. But there has been no we increase of population in England, or on we the globe, to consume the fabrics made me with this enormous productive agency. Di Hence, the markets are glutted, and prices me of nearly all manufactured articles are still cal tending downward; the labor market is acl overstocked, although in this country it is said a million of laborers are out of its employment, and the Lancashire strikes in the England involve one hundred and fifty thousand hands. The world-renowned Singer sewing machines have, during the past eighteen months, been so greatly fol reduced in price that a woman who cannot buy one mast actually have no friends and be on the verge of starvation. For if she has friends they surely could M, loan her the small amount necessary to buy this Inval nable assistant, u ith which, in a few months, she can make enough to pay its cost ten times over, and if she ga has any income, however small, she surely could not do better than to put aside apart of it dally to purchase pr a Singer. It would be well for parties intending to make purchaseo to call at the office and salesrooms, 85 p Canal, as thus they will avoid all danger of being Im posed on, and wiU be enabled to make the meet estls factory arrangements. The Singer Company Is fort. nate in having secured, for the managemo t of its o business here, so capable andienergetic a business man us as 8. E. Itundle, Esq.. auon our people are to be con. re gratulated upon having so ocortecus and i;beral a gen. Ileman to deal with. di Mr. A. A. Bohne, whose elegant store at 3C, lo Dryades etreet, jusat above St. John's Church, is no deservedly popular, has a large and fsoe assortment of wreaths, wax candles, plain and ornamented, prsayer books, beads, and all nsuch things as are necesMsary or t desirable for children on the occasion of their First Communion. All these articfoles are the best of their c kind, and are offered at very moderate prloce. No one interested in a matter of this kind should fail to ex. h amlne Mr. Bohne', stock before making purchases. Let reason go before every enterprise, and counnsel before every action. ADVERTISING RATES OF THE "STAR." Sec-Ua. One Two Three Sin One " M'h. M'thulMts iM'ob Tear. .--- .--.------ i ,i an wo-............ . ( t I5 15 50 I at so Three................. li t 5 44 1 four................--. 5Is 1i / 56 00 ti five.................-.. 15 3t i45 0 II ,fiteen- . . lOC I IIi pi Th~ry- - -ro is, so - Traenlst Advertlisemet:ls 1 50 per luare each in sertlon. uta lineerted at peelalrates. W0amt and Personal Informetaoe A&vortleneatsa " Oeias sr Int sosh Lnaernoeao. .ltor~l Nlotl,sso een0 COflIeS DIOCESAN LOAN. STATE OF LOUISIANA, DIOCESE OF NEW ORLEANS. LOAN OF $250,000 Issued by the Board of Admilnistrators of Roman Cathollo Church of the Dlocese of New Orleans, at their meeting of the 11th of January, 1878, wish the anthoristion and approval of the Holy See, bearing date November 8th, 1877. SAID LOAN CONSISTS IN AN ISU~ 8 p - 2940 MORTGAGE BONDS, DIVIDED INTO FOUR SERIES, AS POLIO Series A, 40 Bonds of S1000 Each, Series B, 100 of 200 " Series C. 1000 " of i00 " Series D. 1800 " of 50 ', These Bonds. dated January lot, 1878, are sigsg. the President, the Treasurer and the Secretar of Board of Administrators, with the seal of the affixed to each, and are paraphed "HM Ysraeisr" Octave de Arms, a Notary Public in this eity. bear an annual interest of 5 per cent net froem the of issue to maturity, which interest is payable annually as per Coupons attached, visa On the 1st July and on the lit of January of each The capital is payable at par in twenty years date, by drawings to be effected annually, comm January t--t, 8- . - . .. . . The interest and curtailment are payable in N Orleans, New York, Rome, Paris, and in several cities of the United States and Europe, which will hereafter designatd. The Subscription is Opened: - IN NEW ORLEANS - At the Archbishop's Residence, Secretary Office; At A. Carriere & Sons, Commission Merchants At the Iibernia Ineurance Company'. Offle At the People'e Bank. OIfJECT OF THE LOAN. During the crisis which followed the war of secessis and which weighed so heavily on the State of Louisisla the Administrators of the Diocese of New Orl assamsd liabilities which t'ey have determined liquidate. In the past year a better state of affairs loomed up in the financial situation of the Diocese That improvement will increase as the rate of into c!aimed by i ts creditors Is lessened. The conventional rate, in Louisiana, is too high for religions society, the revenues of which, thougheatirelj securo. are nevertheless limited, for such a soet cannot look for eventual profits in contingentunder takings or in speculations altogether inconsisteni with its mission of benevolence and charity. Therefore it is not with a view of creating a newdebt that this loan is negotiated, but In order to unify an consolidate antrior liabilities, and obtain theirgrad and regular extinction by means of the or revenues of the Diocese, and without endangering Church property, although affecting it. Such sl th plan positively approved by EBis oliness, Pins I, and unanimously adopted by the Board of Administr tors of the Roman Catholic Church of the Dioceseof New Orleans. SECURITIES. The Diocese of New Orlears. a corporation eona. tntod urder the laws of the State of Louisiana, by th name and style ef "THE I OblA CATHOLIC CHURCH OF THE DIOCESE OF NEW ORLEANS," aff.rds to its creditors st curities that are both material and moral. As a corporation legally instituted, it esjoys all the rights and privilegce of a civil body. It can contract debts, acquire, borrow, alienate and mortgage itspro. perties, whether movable or immovable, under the prescription of its Charter. At their meeting et January Ilth, 1878, the Council of said Booiety nsanfl uonsly determined, for the reasons above stated, to issne. at the rate of 5 per cent, a single loan of ~ 50,00, secured by a special mortgage on all the mortgageble real estate of the Diocese; and therefore, by a deed dated January 26th, 187tS, passed before O. de Arma, Notary Public in New Orleans, the above resolutles was carried into ffect, by the granting of a speial mortgage on all the mortgagable real estate of the Diocese to secure the Bonds thusisned, wheh said mortgage was duly recorded, as will appear by eertl cates of the Recorder of Mortgages annexed to sai act in the office of said Notary. Besides this solid guarantee, said Corporation pledgu its honor and good faith for the faithful discharge a the above ob'igations. REAL ESTATE OFFERED AS SECURITY. From the official report recently made to the Holy See, the Church property of this Diocese is divided as follows. Independent or nnmortgagable properties, valued at about....................i....c,two,000 Mortgagable properties valued at its mini mum rate ................................ 10,00 This latter, the only real estate affected by me-t. gage aforesaid, and worth double the amoui! the loan, include many bui:dings lots, fields a other productive properties not dedicated to the wo e - God. PAYMENT OF INTEREST-REDEMPTION OF CAIlTZAL At their meeting of January 1tth. 1878, the Counill of tt.e Corporation ascertained that, outside of the usual and Irretular receipts, the annual seeured revenue of the Iliocese, after deduction of the oestL of Administration, leaves a surplus of S30,000 that can be disposed of semi-annually; and it was resolved that Ist. For the punctual payment of the intereste oe the loan a sum of $11,500 shall, from the Ist of lJanuary, 18078, and thenceforth yearly, be reserved, appropriated and deposited in Bank to meet these interests. 2d. A similar snm of 812.5(0 shall also, annually, fron the Ist of January. 1851, be reserved, appropriated and deposited in Bank for the gradual acurtallmentof tha capital, and so on every year until itaeatireextintioSo. 3d. That in no eos and under noeprsle whatsoevsr theae sums, reserved, appropriated and deposited, shall be used for any other purpose than those above a-* pressed. SUMMARY. From what precedes, it fo'lows That the loan Is negociated with the sole object s liquidating all former debts; That it repreenta the liabilities of the "8oeletyeof the Roman Catholic Church," which are thereby uniteS and consolidated with a rednuced interest; That it is secured by a special mortgageon proper ties worth fire times as mnush as the amount borrowe and therefore amply sufclent to guarantee both the payment of Interests and the redemption of the capital. Consequently, the Mortgage Bonds of the Dlooese of New Orleans onstltaute a first-class investmsent with moral and material securitlies bat eeldem efersA 8 capitaliste. t N. J, PERCH., ir~obihbop. MILLUT, V. G., Admiaklstrate at mes.