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The morning star and Catholic messenger. [volume] (New Orleans [La.]) 1868-1881, May 19, 1878, Morning, Image 8

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Iorlng Star and Catholic Messengers
asw OULAle. 5UNDAT, MAY 5. Tr&S.
ST. JULdA, I. M.
We have received the following comman
4lcation :
* " "* 'For a long time I have wished
very much to know something about the
life and sufferings of St. Julis, whose
Feast-day is upon the 531 inst, but have
never yet succeeded in learning anything
definite concerning either her history or
She age at which she received the crown of
martyrdom. Will you please give a short
account of her in your Interesting column
f tbhe "Miniature Lives of the Saints" on
Ase 23d. Will you also have the kitdnesa
to state if the Giulian chapel, in St. Peter's
&.hurch at Rome, is so called In her honor i
By responding favorably you will confer a
favor on several readers of the STARn.
As the life of St.Julia is not given in our
Miniature Lives of the Saints we republish
the following from Rev. Alban Butler's
".Lives of the Saints." It is taken, he says,
from her authentiAc cts given by Ruinart
te his edition of the history of Victor Vi
anesis, de Persec. Vandal :
She was a noble virgin of Carthage, who,
when that city was taken by Genseric, in
430, was sold for a slave to a Pagan mer
abrant ofSyria, Under the most mortifying
employments of her station, by cheerfulness
sad patience, she found, besides her sanc
titeiation, a present happiness and comfort
which the world could hot have afforded.
All the time she was not employed in her
master's business was devoted to prayer
and reading books of piety. She fasted
very rigorously every day but Sunday;
nor could all the entreaties of her master,
who was charmed with her fidelity and
other virtues, nor the hardships of her sit
unation, prevail with her to be more tender
of herself. The merchant thought proper
"o oarry her with him in one of his voyages
to Gaul, where he imported the most valu
able commodities of the Levant.
Having reached the northern part of Cor
sica, or that point now called Capo Corso,
he oast anchor and went on shore to join
the pagans of the place in an idolatrous
festival kept there at that time with the
sacritice of a buil. Julia was left at some
distance because she would not be defiled
by the superstitious ceremonies, which she
jpenly reviled. Felix, the governor of the
stand, who was a bigoted Pagan, asked the
.nerchant who this woman was who dared
to insult the gods. He informed him that
she was a Christian, and that all his author
ity over her was too weak to prevail with
ssa to renounce her religion, but that he
onund her so diligent and faithful he could
aoi part with her.
The governor offered him four of his best
enrale slaves is exchange for her. But the
merchant, whose name was Eusebins, re
plied: "No; all you are worth will not
purchase her, for I would freely lose the
most valuable thing I have in the world
rather than be deprived of her." However,
the governor, whilst Eusebins was drunk
and asleep, took upon him to compel her to
sacriflce to his gods. He proffered to pro
-are her liberty if she would comply. The
khint made answer that she was as free as
she desired to be as long as she was allow
edtoserve Jesus Christ; and whatever
.boh'id happen, she would never purchase
,:er. il!reety oy so abominable a crime.
refix, thinking himself derided by her un
aoanted and resolute air, in a transport of
rne caused her to be struck on the face,
and the hair of her head to be torn off;
aiid lastly, ordered her to be hanged on a
z:oae till she expired. Certain Monks of
the Isle of Gorgon (which is now called La
-orgona, and lies between Corsica and
leghorn) carried otf her body ; but in 763,
ieaiderius, King of Lombardy, removed
sir relics to Brescia, where her memory is
welebrated with great devotion.
St. Julia, whether free or a slave, wheth
sa in prosperity or in adversity, was
nqually ferveit and devout. She adored
all the sweet designs of Providence; and
far from complaining, she never ceased to
re'laa and thank God under all his holy
appointments, making them always the
means of her virtue and sanctification. God,
by an admirable chain of events, raised
aer by her fidelity to the honor of the
aints, and to the dignity of a virgin and
martyr.
T.EE EMIARiRASSMEX'TS OF RUSSIA.
Among the motives which may reason
ably be supposed to influence Russia in de
siring a pacitic settlement are not only the
anancial exhaustion consequent on the
fcent war, but the actual state of her army
sad the domestic troubles with which she
 threatened. The ravages of disease
among the troops now in Roumelia is so
i, :rible that the loss of effectives has
"een estimated at one per cent. per diem,
vhide the mortality in Armenia has been
'oen greater. Although troops are being
.-~tinually poured into Bulgaria and Rou
bsia, it must be difficult to strengthen a
:.rce which is dwindling at such a rate.
Ai, while this drain on the army of occu
, ,iou is going on, the Emperor is said to
Sk pressing for the retorn of the Imperial
ilnard toSt. Pl'terseburg. The Grand Duke
Nicholas is br-lioved to have remonstrated,
a ging that tie lose of the Guard would
dislocato" tliht army, the command of
which, on h!I rcturn to Russia, is traus
::ed to Gencral Todleben. But the Em
peror is reported to be "feverish with
amxiety," uandl not without cause. For the
bikiliste, always dreaded by the Russian
S ,bovernment, are beginning to be trouble
isoe, and there have even been some pub.
)iePppeale to insurrection. Advices from
St. Petersburg, according to the Vienna
sorrespondeut of the Salndaurd, state that
* Hthe internal disturbances are growing
aore serious," and that the Pl'etro-l'arloaki
dtadel, which commands the town. ".. for
i Ihe frst time closed between sunset and
snarise, and all traflio is forbidden on that
branch of the Neva which runs beneath the
-hrtilfleatione."
The Government must no doubt be pain
. llypre-occupied by the universal explo
S. on of approval with which thle acquittal
f YVera Zaeanlich has been greeted by the
ees and the public. It will be remember
a' that this girl deliberately shot General
, 2rpoff, the Adjutant-General of Police,
ot-earlng, as she avowed, vhethler ahe
h-iled or only woundr e him, as the only
iasf punishbling blim for a flogging lIn
*.  -'",'.. · C. -. •
flicted on a political prisoner, whom she
did not know, for some breach of prison
discipline. The facts were most clearly
proved on the trial, and the prisoner did
not attempt to deny them. But it came
out that she had passed the greater part of
her youth in prison or under the restraint
of surveilanee, without any trial and sim
ply at the arbitrary will of the police, who
treated her as a criminal because she was
personally acquainted with a political
offender, and had it was alleged, received
letters for him. ihis being established, as
well as the fact of the flogging which had
moved her indignation against General
Trepoff, the jury, though there could be no
doubt that Mile. Zassulich was guilty of
the act laid to her charge, did not stop at
extenuating circumstances, or ask for a
mitigation of punishment, but acquitted
her altogether. Of the twelve men com
posing this jary nine were Government
officials, and even the judges treated the
accused girl with the greatest considera
tion. The verdict seems to have opened
everybody's mouth, and to have revealed
an amount of discontent at arbitrary gov
ernment which few suspected to exist.
The whole press treats Mile. Zassulich as
a second Charlotte Corday, and applauds
the jury, who, says the Noroje Vremfa,
"have defended right and justice against
the law and the Government." The effect
of the verdict is described by one who has
just lift St. Petersburg in these words, "If
there had been an actual revolution the
impression produced could scarcely have
been greater." The authorities, who
counted on a conviction as certain, are in
consternation, and the acquitted prisoner,
who disappeared immediately after the
trial, seems not-to have vanished without
cause. She writes from her place of con
cealment to the Messager du Nord that the
gendarmes attempted to remove her into
another carriage with an intention which
she perfectly understood, and that she only
escaped in the riot caused by the attempt
of the police to remove the people who
thronged around the carriage. The address
of the friend to whose house she had intend
ed to go having been given in the hearing
of the police, that house was searched and
all its female inhabitants examined at two
o'clock in the morning. Mile. Zassulich,
therefore, prefers to keep her present
whereabouts a secret. Disaffection at home
under different circumstances might per
haps tempt the Russian Government to en
gage in a foreign war, but when it is ac
comopanied by other difficulties abroad, we
may hope that it will tell in favor of con
ciliation and peace.
A TIE VOTE IN ENGLAN.D.
A special election was recently held in
South Northumberland, England, to fill a
vacancy in parliament. There were two
candidates, Mr. Grey, Liberal, and Mr.
Ridley, Conservative. The contest was
warm and close. Out of 6,415 registered
voters in the borough 5,826 were polled;
and after several careful countings, it was
found that the vote stood ; Grey, 2 914 ;
Ridley, 2 $12, showing a majority of 2 for
the Liberal. But his opponent showed
that two ballots cast for Grey had the lat
ter's name written on them, which was con
trary to the statute, as nothing more than a
mark opposite the name of the candidate
voted is allowed-the government furnish
ing all the ballots with the names of all the
candidates printed on them, and the duty
of the voter being limited to making a mark
opposite the name he votes for. The
sheriff, who was the returning officer, ad
mitted the objection, and threw the irreg
ular ballots out. This left a tie vote, each
candidate having 2915. In case of a tie, it
is the privilege of the sheriff, who does not
vote at the polls, to decide it by giving a
casting vote, and in this case that officer,
who is a Conservative, proposed to decide
in favor of Ridley ; but that gentleman de
glined to take such an advantage of his op
ponant, and both candidates were returned
-a proceeding which is permissible under
English laws. After the matter had been
thus settled, Mr. Grey addressed his friends
from the town hall in Hexham, and publi
cly acknowledged that he and his support
ers were indebted to the generosity of his
opponent for his present position, and
wound up by calling for three cheers for
Mr. Ridley. The cheers were heartily
given. After this, the two candidates
walked arm iin arm to Mr. Grey's carriage
and drove tff together.
Though the vote was a tie it proved a
great victory for the Conservatives, as the
constituency is one which heretofore has
always given immense majorities for the
Liberal party. Besides, the Liberal can
didate declared that so far as the Eastern
Question was concerned, if elected he would
assist the Conservatives in all measures
calculated to defend the interests and up
hold the honor of the British Empire.
The German papers publish the two fol-.
lowing a pts of brutality committed in Cath
olic churches by the Prussian police. In the
parish church of Chynowa, diocese of Posen,
the congregation had assembled for a lay
service, when, in the very midst of their
devotion, a commissary of police, accom
panied by a number of constables and four
gendarmes, all with drawn swords, arrived
at the church door, and, finding it locked,
broke it open with an axe. Having thus
gained admission, the vandalic intruders,
with the greatest rudeness to the praying
multitude, began a minute search after a
certain priest whom they supposed to be
present in church. They looked under
every bench, especially on the women's
side, went up into the pulpit, behind the
altar-in short left no spot unsearched, but
could find nothing, and departed. Another
equaally disgraceful police visit took place
in one of the churches in Dantric on Easter
Sunday during Hligh Mass. Thesearch for
a "May Lawed" priest was conducted as
noisily and rudely here las in Chynowa,
and with the same negative result.
Human nature is selfish and many of the
knowing ones, even amolng the gentle sex, when they
have discovered something good. are loathe to tell
others, desiring to monopolie it for their own beneat
or that of their Intimate friends. Fortunately for the
world at large, however, newspapers like the STAR are
published to let people know of the good things going.
and it is in the dischsrgpe of this pleasant duty that we
are called upon to-day to announce to strangers visit.
ing the city and to residents in ont.of the way sections
that the popular house of E. II. Adams & Bro., 504
Magenioe street, make a most opportune offering of
seanorable supplies in the dry tcods line, as will be
seen by their advertisement on our fith page. Thor
oughl.y tisted in all that pertainsto the business, wide
awake to all advantages to be secured, and possessed
of that push and liberal-mlndedoess which are ever
characterietio of first class merebhants, we know of no
house that can or does ofter sopenrior advantages to the
pUtchasers of dry gonds.
TBZ TBRU MEANING OF THE ANSWER
AT CANA.
Rev. Father Albertus, of the Order of St.
Dominic, one of the earliest missionaries
to Kurdistan, when asked for an explana
tion of several passages and expressions in
Holy Scripture which appear to us obscure
or unsuitable, gave it by describing the
manners and customs of the East, which
often throw a new light on such passages.
Among others was the reply given by our
Lord to His Mother at the marriage feast
of Cana, which the missionary explained
as follows:
The Prefect of the Dominican mission id
Kurdistan had resolved to place in the
hands of the Archbishop a sum of money
for the repairs of a chureh which belongs to
his See. Soon after, when this Prelate paid
the Fathers a visit, the Superior bade the
proctor hand him the sum of two hundred
and fifty francs (a considerable sum for that
country) and remarked that the money was
given simply to repair the above named
church, which wauld otherwise fall to ruin.
At these words and at the sight of the money
the Bishop raised his hands, gazed earnestly
at the Fathers, then leaning back in his
divan, he cried. out: "Man bain anta an
ana!" The proctor, who understood the
Chaldean language, recognized to his as
tonishment those words of the Savior to
Mary, which are usually translated, "What
is that to me and to thee ?"or "What have
I to do with thee " In much surprise he
communicated the answer to his Superior,
and neither of them could refrain from ex
pressing his surprise and dissatisfaction at
this utterance.
In obedience to his Superior the proctor
asked the Archbishop why he was not sat
isfied, as the missionaries had already
made him so many presents. "How ! not
satisfied !" replied the Archbishop, "why, I
am delighted. You have surpassed my
expectations. You have divined my
thoughts. To obtain aid for that church
was my greatest wish ; in fact, it was for
that I came to you." He then repeated
the words given above, and was not a little
surprised that the missionaries did not un
lerstand the expression in the Bible, and
ie explained to them that in Chaldee it
was an asseveration of the most intimate
inion of sentiment, being meant to express:
'There is nothing between us; what is in
by heart is also in mine ;" (oes ,' i arons
u qu' une pensee)-"We have had but one
bought between us."
Attention being thus called to the matter,
he missionaries soon found in the common
>arlance of the Chaldee dialect full and
requent confirmation of the Bishop's asser
ion.
Father Albertusn also related the follow
ng circumstance as a further voucher for
he correctness of this interpretation.
A rich man of some consequence (a Knr
listan chieftan, who, although a Catholic,
iad many times taken part against the
:burch), once forgot himself so far as to
ift his arm in order to strike a priest ; but,
in the instant, he was visited by a punish
nent from God; his arm stiffened. (In
ountries where the Faith has not yet
aken much root these ex!raordinary signs
rom God are not rare). After a while the
risaionaries took advantage of this cir
u;mstance to make an appeal to the con
cience of this officer, and so far succeeded
bat he took the resolution of making the
zxercises in the monastery of Mar Tacub,
herishing the hope of thereby regaining
he use of his arm. Now, the arm contin
led stiff as before, but the man's heart
was changed, and when at the conclusion
of this holy time he was on the point of
leparture, he was in the best possible
rame of mind. He knelt before the Su
erior to kiss the hem of his holy habit
nd to receive his blessing. The Superior
admonished him to be mindful of the duty
ncunbent on him to repair the evil he had
lone, and as a means of thus satistying for
aset delinquencies, recommended him to
ebuild a church which had fallen into
lecay, and also to afford succor to a
Thristiau village, which had been almost
leetroyed by an inundation. In a joyfu
one, and without a moment's hesitation,
he Kurdistan chief replied: "Man bain
irta un ana !" and, continuing, "1 thought
if this the whole time of the exercises;
"ather, you have hit on my own thought !"
Lnd repeating, "A'an bain anta un ana," he
eft the monastery, mounted Iis horse and
is he slowly rode away the Fathers heard
rim again call out, as if it were the echo
if hisjoy : "Maut bain antsa n ana I ' These
words ascended as a thanksgiving from the
allness of his overflowing heart.
In this manner the missionaries became
sore and more convinced that the expree
'ion s "Man bain ants un ana," which St.
Jerome has rendered in the Latin Bible by
the words, "Quid Mihi et tibi ?" is incor
rectly translated in modern languages by
an equivalent of "What is that to Me and
to thee f'' Throughout the East it never
occurred to any one to consider it otherwise
than as an expression of the most intimate
union of soul between Jesus and Mary.
General Todleben is arranging to make Ad
rianople his base of operations in case of war.
ie has already occupied the range of hills,
now covered with earthworks, running from
the Sea of Marmora to the Black Sea, eighteen
miles west of Constantinople, and has ordered
future army supplies to be delivered at Adrian
ople, which is the key to the eight practical
Balkan passes, a nd which Todleben, who
ought to know, says can be made impregnable
with five hundred cannon. Adrianople com
mands the railroad to Constantinople, 120
miles distant, the branch railroad running
north towards the Balkans as far as Jambohl
and the railroad running up the Maritzs valley
to Phil!ippopollas and the Tatsr-Bea irdj ik. Had
the Grand Duke Nicholas stopped at ihislpoint,
as Dieb:tsoh did in 182t, and mnade a base of
the line running from Enos, on the Agean Sea,
to Borgas, on the Black Sea, and biad he then
reconstructed the Roumelian and Bulgarian
territory to the sonth, the west and north, he
could undoubtedly have forced a treaty on the
Porte more advantageous to RIoussia than either
the San Stefano treaty or that which Diebitsch
secored from Sultan Mahmond, without run
ning so nuoomfortably against British interests,
as was done by marching down the Roumelian
slope to the shores of the Bea of Marmorn.
"My man," said an English lawyer to s wit
ness, "tell us now exactly what passed."
"Yes, my lord; I sid I would not have the
pig." "And what was his anwerr" "He
said that he had been keeping it for me, and
that he- ." "No, no; he could not have
said that, he spoke in the first person." "No,
my lord; I was the first person that spoke."
"I mean, don't bring in the third pers;on ; re
peat his exact words." "There was no ntuird
person, my lord; only him and me." "My
good follow, he did not say he had been keep
ing the pig; he said 'I have been keeping it.' "
"I assure you, my lord, there was no mention
of your lordship at all. We are on diferent
stories. The:e was no third person there, and
If anything had been said abunt your lordship
I most have heard It," The lawyer gave in.
MORE.
N. T. rstmai ' Josrnal.
On Saturday last, May 5, the Most Rev.
James Gibbons, D. D., Archbishop of Bal
timore, laid the corner-stone of the new
St. Pius's church in Baltimore. The idea
of erecting a memorial church to our late
beloved Pontiff., under the patronage of
St. Pius V., was conceived by the late
Archbishop Spalding, in commemoration of
the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Pontifi
cate of Pope Pins IX. The death of the
Most Rev. Archbishop Spalding postponed
the prosecution of the work for a time. It
was taken up by the late Archbishop Bay
ley, but ill health prevented his continuing
the work. It fell 4o the lot of Archbishop
Gibbons to proceed with the work, and
consequently, on Sunday last, in the pres
ence of a large concourse of the clergy and
laity of the Diocese of Baltimore, he laid
the corner stone with imposing ceremonies.
The sermon was to have been preached by
Rt. Rev. John J. Keane, D. D., Bishop
elect of Richmond, but owing to the in
clemency of the weather it was omitted.
A large number of the Catholic societies of
Baltimore turned out on the occasion.
The designs of this new Church indicate
that it will be a splendid specimen of archi
tecture, while its location, in an elevated
section of Northwest Baltimore, is such ts
to well display its imposing architectural
features. The design is purely Gothic.
Two towers, one with the spire 285 feet
in height, rise from the front, surmounted
by a croms. The other tower will be 122
feet to the finial of its spire. The exterior
and interior ornamentation will be rich
and elaborate. Over the main portal will
bes -representation-of- a shield,-bearingthe
Papal tiara and keys. Over the entrance
there will be a superb circular window of
stained glass in appropriate designs, and
above the main entrance in the tower an
alto relief sculpture of the Immaculate
Conception and hovering angels. Mary
land granite and Texas white marble will
be used in the general construction. A
pastoral residence for the use of the pastor,
Rev. Father Mallory, will also be built of
the same material, adjoining the Church.
It is expected that the edifice will not be
ready for occupancy before November of
next year. The total cost will be about
8100o000.
MAi, FACTIUREBS' PROFITS.
It seems imposeible for the advecates and
beneficiaries of a protective tariff to get rid of
the notion that one of the duties of the Gov
ernment is to grant privileges to one class of
persons that are denied to all others. Indeed,
they appear to imagine that a special privilege
once granted becomes a vested right which
the grantor has no authority to take away,
and that to place a protected manufacturer on
the same level with other people would be an
Insufferable outrage. The new tariff bill pend
ing in Congress is very far from being such a
measure as the interests of the country and
the wants of the treasury demand; it is so far
short of what it ought to be that it is probable
it will not be passed by the present Congress.
But it is absurd to say, as Mr. Banks, of Mas
saohosetts. said in the debate Tuesday, that
the slight reduction in the duty it makes on
wool and woolen goods would ruin the mann
factures of New England. The facts prove
that they are not so easily ruined. The divi
dends paid by the woolen mills of Massaobu- I
setts in 1870 were 15 per cent; in 1871, 17 per
cent; in 1872, 13 per cent; in 1873, 9 per cent;
in 1874, 14 per cent; in 1875, 9 per cent, and in
1876, 10 per cent, Mr. Banks attempted to re
but the effect of these figares by asserting
that the dividends for 1876 were only 5 13 per
cent on an aggregate capital of $52,000,000, and
that there were 33 woollen mills in the State
that had not paid any dividends at all that
year. But he did not attempt to deny the
large dividends of 9 to 17 per cent that were
paid from 1870 to 1875.
It was protection against foreign competi
tion that secured such large profits to the
Massachusetts woolen manufacturers-and this
protection extended to them as a special favor,
they now demand shall be continued as a
right. But has Mr. Banks no regard for the
rights of those who are taxed to pay these
dividends ? If it will "ruin" the Massachu
setts woolen-mill owners to have smaller divi
dends than 11 and 17 per cent, what is to be
come of those who are forced by law to bny
Massachusetts woolens at high price instead
of foreign woolens at a low price ?
How the German Liberals Obey Bismarek.
(Liverpool Times.)
That Prince Bismarck, by hisa blood-and
iron " policy, has greatly increased Germany's
power abroad, cannot be denied; but can this
success seriously be pleaded in excuse for the
tyranny which he exercises within his coonn
try t Here his will rules supreme, and public
opinion-if there is such a thing in Germany
as well as the clearly-expressed wishes of Par
liament, are utterly disregarded by oar modern
dictator. Scarcely has the Reiohstag declared
its determination not to support any measure
likely to lead to the tobaco monopoly, when
Prince Bismarck, in his turn, declares that he
will go in for it all the same; and in order to
show Parliament how little he cares for its
opposltion, he at once and ostentatiously gives
the necessary orders for preparing a new To
bacoo Bill. As an answer to his defiant atti
tude, the National Liberal members held a
meeting this week, In which they were not, in
principle, opposed to an enquete in the tobacco
question, not to granting a credit for such a
purpose, still they wished the Government
clearly to understand that they would not
allow the sums voted to ba spent on any work
tending to prepare the introduction of the
monopoly. Almost at the same time, when
this resolution was passed, the credit asked
for by Bismarck's Government was granted in
Parliament, and the Chancellor had his own
way again.
CARDINAIs DIE sIY TuREES.--Many Romane
of the good old school declare that it has
always been a saying in Rome that no Cardi
nal ever dies without being followed iwithin a
brief space of time by two other members of the
Sacred College, and this has been especially re
markable within the last two years. In the
November of the year 1876. Cardinals Antonelli
and Barrioy Fernandez died, and in the De
oember following Cardinal Patriz; in the May
of 1877. Cardinals Vannicellt, Casoni and Tre
visasnato; and in Joly, Cardinaosl De Angelior.
In the August, September and October respeo
tively of the same yesa-, Cardinal Bizzarri,
Sforzs and Capalti An interval of four months
now occurs, and no death takes place in the
Sacred College before the 27th of February of
this present year, when Cardinal Saint Mare
departs this life, and is immediately followed
by Cardinal Amat on the 30th March, and Car
dinal Berardi on the Gth April.
A gossiping woman, intent on slander, went
into a neighbbor's, and exclaimed, as she threw
herself into a chair, "One half the world
doesn't know how the other half lives ?"
"That isn't your fault," quniotly responded the
neighbor,
Deserve friends and you will have them.
This world is teeming with kind-hearted peo
pie, and yeou bare only to carry a kind, sympa
thetio heart in your bosom toocll out goodness
and friendship from others.
THE AMERICAN UNION ANTl CATHOLIC
SECRET SOCIETT.
Cathoho Review, May II.
During the whole of last week the "Or
der of American Union Anti-Catholic
Secret Society" has been in session at
Washington, We do not know much about
this association, save that it is the present
concrete form of what remains of the spirit
of Know Nothingism and Native-Ameri
canism. During the last Presidential
campaign Mr. Hayes was said to have
permitted his secretary to write encourag
ing letters to the officers of this secret
aassociation. Senator Blaine is supposed to
belong to it. No doubt politicians have
fancied that they could use the machinery
of the associatron for their own advantage.
But, happily, thus far secret political asso
ciations in this country have never been
long lived, and have seldom accomplished
much mischief save to themselves. An
American politician who affiliates himself
to such an organization is apt to sign his
own death warrant. For any legitimate
public purpose there is no need of secrecy.
The secrecy with which the "A. U. A. C. S.
S8." attempts to conceal its movements is a
I sufficient proof that its purposes are evil.
Here, however, we are told, is "a series of
resolutions adopted by these skulking fel
lows at their Washington convention; and
we are likewise told that they will try to
have them incorporated in the platform of
the Republican convention in the coming of
campaign :
1. Favoring an amendment to the Constitu- j,
tion forever forbidding any appropriations of
public money, property or credit, for the bene
it, direotly or indirectly, of any institution d,
under sectarian control.
2.Favorilg an amendment to the Consfitu
tion forever forbidding any special legislation
for the benefit of any one religions sect. 01
3. Favoring an amendment to the Constita- cii
tion requiring all oburch property to be held he
by trustees to be composed of the members of
the congregation, society or institution, owning
and using the same.
4. Favoring an amendment to the Constitn
tion requiring all who become voters after the
passage of the amendment to be able to read Al
and write.
5 Favoring an amendment to the Coestito
tion requiring that all property, including that Al
owned by eoolesiastioal bodies, shall be taxed.
with the exception of public property and Al
cemeteries.
6 Favoring compulsory education. A
7. To maintain and enforce a univerl aond
nseectarian free school system.
e. To resist all organized ecolesiastical inter
ference in civil affairs.
There is a certain malignant feeling dis
played in framing these resolutions. The
substitution of the word "Catholic" for
"sectarian" would express what these men
mean. Their whole stock in trade is the
ignorant prejudice which still exists among tot
certain classes against the Catholic Church. T
But we scarcely think they can accomplish a!
much mischief. The clientage to which
they appeal is daily growing less numeor- re
one and less influential.
PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION. tal
its
It is mentioned that, notwithstanding the
great strikes that have been going on in tb
Lancashire, England, for several weeks, co
and the diminution of the supply of manu- an,
factured goods which might be supposed to re
attend them, there has been no quickening ch
of demand for these goods, and no increase phl
in the price. This fact suggests the ex- an
planation of the whole labor trouble in tot
England and the United States. Con- Ni
sumption cannot keep up with production.
With the aid of machinery we are making
more fabrics than we can use up. In these
two countries, England and the United to
Stases, machinery has been developed with n.
marvelous rapidity, and steam power ap- cy
plied to an enormous extent. One intelli- ff
gent and expert workman, with the aid of an,
machinery driven by the power evolved in
the burning of a ton of coal, now turns out rig
as great a |propuct, in the shape of cloth, de
as ten men did twenty-five years ago, and pec
as one hundred men did a hundred years pr,
ego. But consumption, extravagant as it Ja
is, cannot keep pace with this; the world mc
does not and cannot consume ten times as te
much cloth as it did twenty-five years ago. sei
The machinery in England is said to pos- re,
seas the productive capacity of one thou- da
sand million men. But there has been no we
increase of population in England, or on we
the globe, to consume the fabrics made me
with this enormous productive agency. Di
Hence, the markets are glutted, and prices me
of nearly all manufactured articles are still cal
tending downward; the labor market is acl
overstocked, although in this country it
is said a million of laborers are out of its
employment, and the Lancashire strikes in the
England involve one hundred and fifty
thousand hands.
The world-renowned Singer sewing machines
have, during the past eighteen months, been so greatly fol
reduced in price that a woman who cannot buy one
mast actually have no friends and be on the verge of
starvation. For if she has friends they surely could M,
loan her the small amount necessary to buy this Inval
nable assistant, u ith which, in a few months, she can
make enough to pay its cost ten times over, and if she ga
has any income, however small, she surely could not
do better than to put aside apart of it dally to purchase pr
a Singer. It would be well for parties intending to
make purchaseo to call at the office and salesrooms, 85 p
Canal, as thus they will avoid all danger of being Im
posed on, and wiU be enabled to make the meet estls
factory arrangements. The Singer Company Is fort.
nate in having secured, for the managemo t of its o
business here, so capable andienergetic a business man us
as 8. E. Itundle, Esq.. auon our people are to be con. re
gratulated upon having so ocortecus and i;beral a gen.
Ileman to deal with. di
Mr. A. A. Bohne, whose elegant store at 3C, lo
Dryades etreet, jusat above St. John's Church, is no
deservedly popular, has a large and fsoe assortment of
wreaths, wax candles, plain and ornamented, prsayer
books, beads, and all nsuch things as are necesMsary or t
desirable for children on the occasion of their First
Communion. All these articfoles are the best of their c
kind, and are offered at very moderate prloce. No one
interested in a matter of this kind should fail to ex. h
amlne Mr. Bohne', stock before making purchases.
Let reason go before every enterprise, and
counnsel before every action.
ADVERTISING RATES OF THE "STAR."
Sec-Ua. One Two Three Sin One
" M'h. M'thulMts iM'ob Tear.
.--- .--.------ i ,i an
wo-............ . ( t I5 15 50 I at so
Three................. li t 5 44 1
four................--. 5Is 1i / 56 00 ti
five.................-.. 15 3t i45 0 II
,fiteen- . . lOC I IIi pi
Th~ry- - -ro is, so -
Traenlst Advertlisemet:ls 1 50 per luare each in
sertlon.
uta lineerted at peelalrates.
W0amt and Personal Informetaoe A&vortleneatsa "
Oeias sr Int sosh Lnaernoeao.
.ltor~l Nlotl,sso een0 COflIeS
DIOCESAN LOAN.
STATE OF LOUISIANA,
DIOCESE OF NEW ORLEANS.
LOAN OF $250,000
Issued by the Board of Admilnistrators of
Roman Cathollo Church of the Dlocese of
New Orleans, at their meeting of the
11th of January, 1878, wish the
anthoristion and approval of
the Holy See, bearing date
November 8th, 1877.
SAID LOAN CONSISTS IN AN ISU~ 8 p -
2940 MORTGAGE BONDS,
DIVIDED INTO FOUR SERIES, AS POLIO
Series A, 40 Bonds of S1000 Each,
Series B, 100 of 200 "
Series C. 1000 " of i00 "
Series D. 1800 " of 50 ',
These Bonds. dated January lot, 1878, are sigsg.
the President, the Treasurer and the Secretar of
Board of Administrators, with the seal of the
affixed to each, and are paraphed "HM Ysraeisr"
Octave de Arms, a Notary Public in this eity.
bear an annual interest of 5 per cent net froem the
of issue to maturity, which interest is payable
annually as per Coupons attached, visa On the 1st
July and on the lit of January of each
The capital is payable at par in twenty years
date, by drawings to be effected annually, comm
January t--t, 8- . - . .. . .
The interest and curtailment are payable in N
Orleans, New York, Rome, Paris, and in several
cities of the United States and Europe, which will
hereafter designatd.
The Subscription is Opened:
- IN NEW ORLEANS -
At the Archbishop's Residence, Secretary
Office;
At A. Carriere & Sons, Commission Merchants
At the Iibernia Ineurance Company'. Offle
At the People'e Bank.
OIfJECT OF THE LOAN.
During the crisis which followed the war of secessis
and which weighed so heavily on the State of Louisisla
the Administrators of the Diocese of New Orl
assamsd liabilities which t'ey have determined
liquidate. In the past year a better state of affairs
loomed up in the financial situation of the Diocese
That improvement will increase as the rate of into
c!aimed by i ts creditors Is lessened.
The conventional rate, in Louisiana, is too high for
religions society, the revenues of which, thougheatirelj
securo. are nevertheless limited, for such a soet
cannot look for eventual profits in contingentunder
takings or in speculations altogether inconsisteni with
its mission of benevolence and charity.
Therefore it is not with a view of creating a newdebt
that this loan is negotiated, but In order to unify an
consolidate antrior liabilities, and obtain theirgrad
and regular extinction by means of the or
revenues of the Diocese, and without endangering
Church property, although affecting it. Such sl th
plan positively approved by EBis oliness, Pins I,
and unanimously adopted by the Board of Administr
tors of the Roman Catholic Church of the Dioceseof
New Orleans.
SECURITIES.
The Diocese of New Orlears. a corporation eona.
tntod urder the laws of the State of Louisiana, by th
name and style ef "THE I OblA CATHOLIC
CHURCH OF THE DIOCESE OF NEW ORLEANS,"
aff.rds to its creditors st curities that are both material
and moral.
As a corporation legally instituted, it esjoys all the
rights and privilegce of a civil body. It can contract
debts, acquire, borrow, alienate and mortgage itspro.
perties, whether movable or immovable, under the
prescription of its Charter. At their meeting et
January Ilth, 1878, the Council of said Booiety nsanfl
uonsly determined, for the reasons above stated, to
issne. at the rate of 5 per cent, a single loan of ~ 50,00,
secured by a special mortgage on all the mortgageble
real estate of the Diocese; and therefore, by a deed
dated January 26th, 187tS, passed before O. de Arma,
Notary Public in New Orleans, the above resolutles
was carried into ffect, by the granting of a speial
mortgage on all the mortgagable real estate of the
Diocese to secure the Bonds thusisned, wheh said
mortgage was duly recorded, as will appear by eertl
cates of the Recorder of Mortgages annexed to sai
act in the office of said Notary.
Besides this solid guarantee, said Corporation pledgu
its honor and good faith for the faithful discharge a
the above ob'igations.
REAL ESTATE OFFERED AS SECURITY.
From the official report recently made to the Holy
See, the Church property of this Diocese is divided as
follows.
Independent or nnmortgagable properties,
valued at about....................i....c,two,000
Mortgagable properties valued at its mini
mum rate ................................ 10,00
This latter, the only real estate affected by me-t.
gage aforesaid, and worth double the amoui! the
loan, include many bui:dings lots, fields a other
productive properties not dedicated to the wo e -
God.
PAYMENT OF INTEREST-REDEMPTION OF
CAIlTZAL
At their meeting of January 1tth. 1878, the Counill
of tt.e Corporation ascertained that, outside of the
usual and Irretular receipts, the annual seeured
revenue of the Iliocese, after deduction of the oestL of
Administration, leaves a surplus of S30,000 that can be
disposed of semi-annually; and it was resolved that
Ist. For the punctual payment of the intereste oe the
loan a sum of $11,500 shall, from the Ist of lJanuary,
18078, and thenceforth yearly, be reserved, appropriated
and deposited in Bank to meet these interests.
2d. A similar snm of 812.5(0 shall also, annually, fron
the Ist of January. 1851, be reserved, appropriated and
deposited in Bank for the gradual acurtallmentof tha
capital, and so on every year until itaeatireextintioSo.
3d. That in no eos and under noeprsle whatsoevsr
theae sums, reserved, appropriated and deposited, shall
be used for any other purpose than those above a-*
pressed.
SUMMARY.
From what precedes, it fo'lows
That the loan Is negociated with the sole object s
liquidating all former debts;
That it repreenta the liabilities of the "8oeletyeof
the Roman Catholic Church," which are thereby uniteS
and consolidated with a rednuced interest;
That it is secured by a special mortgageon proper
ties worth fire times as mnush as the amount borrowe
and therefore amply sufclent to guarantee both the
payment of Interests and the redemption of the capital.
Consequently, the Mortgage Bonds of the Dlooese of
New Orleans onstltaute a first-class investmsent with
moral and material securitlies bat eeldem efersA 8
capitaliste.
t N. J, PERCH., ir~obihbop.
MILLUT, V. G., Admiaklstrate at mes.

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