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VOLUME I. NEW ORLEANS, SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 30, 1878. NUIB .
"rning Sftar axle (;athoik * ceenuvr.
-sw g eoarZaA . UW7ND&T, Jugsa .. ee".
Condensed from Assoiated Press Telegrams.I
Boma -The Consistory announced for July
Mirhas been postponed to the 15th
Lpeialto the London News says :
Iastructions have been finally Isned from
the Vatican to Neapolitan bishope to take the
npal exequatur and revenues and palaces of
ie dioceses. Hitherto the Bishops have ig
the exequatnr and received monthly
ntious from the Vatican, but the great
W g of In Peter pence renders the striotest
( uwsrr.-There is still great agitation
egout the conntry over the Booialslat
;whlcb engrosses public attention as
as to overshadow all other toplis combined,
dig the settlement of the Eastern gaes
lien by the Congress sitting in Berlin. Ger
mes newspeper are continually reporting
irsts of socialists and interruption of mest
g; A Seellies journal, the New Paess, -
sae, that the examining magieatrate in the
of one of the Berlin arrests, sars as far as
elvestigation has proceeded, there Ls not
least reson to snppoee that Nobellng wa
with the Social Democrats. The
German Gsssfe announces that 41 the
to be adopted aganlast the Idelllis
sowpudrgoing preliminary examination
be oistss of Justiee and Interior.
Th asette remarks that, notwithstanding
l verableprogress already made, some
esks mast elapse before the Emperor can be
aemved to the country.
n au ow nan Quar ow rSPAIN. -The %rl
een of Spain, Mereedes, daughter of Duke
tpenser, who wasee married only last
iter, died of gastrino fever on the morning
the 26th. The announcement of the death
the Qaeen was received with profound sor
au sympatbhy thronglont Europe. The
eling in Spain almost approahebee consterna
tion Pnr savarl aysIP thl n wh
the Queen lay ding was the oentre of ince
vaas and v igiln onquiries. Hopes were
raised at the orisis of the Queen's disesee that
her vigoronus constitution might triumph over
the complication of maladiees, bet her condl
teon was doobly periloeus by the fact that she
was expected to become a mother before the
end of the year, oand finally became hopeless.
bhe died in the arme of the King, and sur
rounded by the royal family.
Tanx CoxRoEss of Tra GarAT Powers -
Daring the past eight days considerable pro
e has been made, it is claimed, towards
settlement of the Eastern Qeestion.
shbould be remembered, bowever, tbhat
Congress resolved, at its first meeting,
t its ote bshould be kept secre% till
negotiations were fiBonally conoloded.
eace all reports most be recelved with
et caution, as the are generally either
aply the opinions of iewepaper correspond
eate or subordinate officials, based upon the
general tone of the plenipotentliariee, or the cz
er statements of these great dignitaries
themselves, given out by themselves to infiae.
saees public opinion or feel the public pulse.
Tke progress of negotiations develope the fact
of a close allianoe between England and LAns
tria, either power coming more prominently for
ward as the question under discuosion more
slosly relates to its own interests. Lord Bea
seaeield has taken a very firm and bold stand
aend is reported to have said to Bismarck, who
dvised him to make greater concessione : " I
did not come here to yield." The result so far
has been almost altogether in favor of the
English and Ausotrians; in fact, so one-sided is
It reported to be, that the Russians have nloti
mated that there is a limit to the concessions
they will make.
While the Congress is in session there are
vements of troops which do not indiotate
t the powers feel very asure of a peacefol
tlement. For Instance Russia is sending all
military prisoners to Siberia. Skobeloff is or
gganslug a vast camp at Adrianople and tbhe
Besians are doing alt they can to strengthen
hold on Bolgaria. 15,000 fresh troops
ave arrived at BSan Stefeno and they are oon
trating others at Shamla and Varna. The
urke also are said to be dissatisfied with the
gements already made and are makinog
pt rogress in the reorganisation of their
WAensaueroon.-Et-Governor Michasl Hahn
has been appointed Superintendent of the New
General Gibson has made arrangements with
the Treasury Department for the payment of
the families of the crew who perished on the
Ired boat MoAllister, at the month of the
The Potter Investigating Committee has
been in session through the week and has ex
amined a number of witnesses. Nothing bf
pselal importance has been elicited, the same
od stories that we know so well being repeat.
ad over and over again with variations.
MacxuMzr's RAID vTO Mxzco .-A Gal-.
veston News special, dated Eagle Pass, 23rd
asys: General Mackenzie and Shaefter arrived
here lasa night, their commande will arrive to
morrow. They penetrated Mexico about forty
Ave miles from Newtown, the place of crorssing,
sad about eighteen miles east of BSaragoesa,
where they were met by a do achment of the
Mexiesa army under Col. Valdes, drawn up in
diei bade.Theeomaseesr inqeired the
Mackenzie gave Valdes a few hours to get oat
of the way under atbreat that he would other
wise attack him, Valdes whose force was
smaller than Mackensie's withdrew. The
Amerloan troop, arrested no raiders bal
brought back 400 head of cattle that had been
Tau INDIAN WaIR. &an 1Iasoeoo, June 25.
A special from Bilve6r City says: The advance
troops of Howard attacked the bostile Indians
on BSunday, forty-five miles from Harney. Ber
nard bore the brunt of the engagement, which
took place at OCurry Oreek, and in which the
Indians were roeted with a loss of 40 killed.
Howard hae seat all the troop. possible to the
front. Col. Bobbins and two soldiers were
killed. Couriers rode two hundred miles to
fornish Howard news of the battle, and ask
ing for reinforoemepts. Major Egbert, at
Camp Lyons, has been ordered to protect tbhe
Winbemucca road, and give battle to the hoe
tiles fleeing In the diretion of Oywhee,
The departments of the Sooth and Gulf are
consolidated under the name of the Depart
ment of the Booth, with Brig, Gen. Augur
commanding. Headquarters will hereafter be
selected and announeed in a general order
The new trial of Gen. FPits John Porter com
mencoed at West Point on the 26th -The
celebrated actor, Chaw. Mathews, died in Lon
don last week.- armers in all parts of
Ohio are receiving netiees alsgned "Working
men's Bread or Bleed Gmmittes." warning
them aganat bayig labor-ariving mahine,
self -blndipagpc. threastealong to
destroy t srsab)esled beena the grain if an
attempt is mad em. No violence yet
reported.- nteed Statee Senator
Broee, of arried in Cleveland,
Ohio., on he no Wilson of that
conversion to the faith we noted a
few weeks ago, died on bhe 23.- lGe.o
Grant will spend the winter In Europe,
returning to the United Statee in spring
THE ELECTION IN CALIFORNIA
The results of the eleotion held last week in
Calif rnia f.r delegates to a Cooutitntional
Convention seem to have startled a good nauy
people. There is matter enough, no doubt, for
surprise in the fact that railroad kings and
stook gamblers who have so long held thbat
State nder their thumb should have suddenly
reoeived so rude a bshook. Whether there tis
any ground for alarm depends on the nse
which the labor party means to make of its
opportounity. But aside from the social b"ar
tngs of this political revolution, about which
we shall know more by and by, there are feat
urea In it whichb deserve partiooler attention.
On the face ef it ucnh an explosion implies a
huge accumulation of sufferoing and bitterness.
We could not easily overstate the provocation
for the new movement in California politice.
There is a kind of retributivejoustice in it It
is safe to say that nowhere in the Western
world has the poor man been so shamelessly
and so rutbhiessly plundered under the sanc
tion of commercial morality, and with the toit
assent of the law. What is known as the
frezing-ont process has there been oonte
anoed by legislatlon, proteooted by the ooorts
and sestematloally applied to every field ot
human industry. It had came to be the
avowed(object ofspeolatson, the fundamental
prinooiple of trade; had ceased to carry any
stigma, and had passed into a joke. In a
country tainted through and through with the
greed of sadden wealth, where every trades
man, Ifarmer, artisoan, and laborer risks his
savings in mining scrip, it grew to he an axIom
that honest gains for small bshareholders were
impossible. To own less than one-half thq
stook in a given company was to own worse
than nothing, for the disclosure of a bananza
was only the signal for a fresh imposition.
We need not say that no railroad corporations
soold pretend to eclipse those of California io
yniloal contempt of fair dealing and remorse
les exploitation of their monopolies. Bat It
is not so generally known that the same on
acrnpnlons methods have been practised in the
grait business, the wine business, the fruit
businesas-under whatever circumstances, in
deed, a man of modest or scant means tried to
sell the prodeot of his farm or the labor of his
hands. No doubt the frlotion of competing
claims can be reduced to a minimum under
equalo laws and a well-informed public opinion;
but what hope of protection had the working
man in a State where his antagonists owned
the newepapers, bought Legislatures, and con
trolled the courts It is not strange theat he
should fail to appreelate the competitive prin
ciple thus disguised, and should snatch at anyo
theory which promised to wipe out the old
order and open a free field. When we consider
how the existing economical conditions sh sped
by railroad sharks and stock gamblers, have
crushed the workingman of California, we are
not disposed to view too bharshly his headlong
ardor to do away with them.
The peculiar state of things on the Placific
oast explains the anomalons faees: that in the
recent conteet all tshe oohesion and momentum
derived from organiezation seem to have been
on the side of labor. The workingmen had
been galled and mystified and overreached so
often thatb it proved a sheer impossibility to
swindle them again. In this noique instanoe
distrust of their opponents was so inveterate
and intense as to control and stifle intestine
jealousy and discord. In the early phases of
the movement there appears to have been some
defeetios; bet at the polls the opposition
against the smsestsful tloket was alsesetbr
a I su the rake of labor. Oa Ow
~4 itrpt~ib ~ t '
t other and, the energies of the opposition were
trammelled and frittered by mutoual susploions
s too well justifsed by the prevailing code of po
po litical and social ethics. The attempt to oom*
t bins all the machinery of influence, including
i all the newspapers, against Kearney, seems to
have been launobed with the sanction of all
the leading politicians, inolodlog the State
Committees of both parties; yet is grievously
miscarried. Both Demoorates and Repobliscans
ran what is known as a straight ticket, and
drew of thonsands of voters from the Fusion,
or, as it was speedily dabbed, the "Concrete"'
or "Mole" party. Moreover, the event of the
contest is said to have ntterly disheartened and
dispersed the Fomionists. On the morrow of
the election, aocording to a telegram from San
Franciseo, everybody was a workingman.
One thing is made obvious by the sneese of
this popolar movement in California. In this
country the questions at lease between labor
and capital are to be settled, not by paving
stones on the one hand and bayonets on the
other, bat by the peaceful arbitfament of the
Sballot box The regular army will not be
called upon to quell riots and keep the pesee;
the man on borseback will beentirely superfla
one. The Americoan workman is no fool; he is
not likely to compromsle his canse by sareat
and violence, when he learns that whatever
changes he thinlks needful in the organic law
of the State can be effected by walking to the
- (rom the Ban yranelsce Ohreasile.)
The vote in the oity was over 27,000; and from
bthe most reliable Information obtainable at the
hour this is being iwrittena, the Workinlgmen
aopear to have about 4 000 more votes shan the
Non-Partisans, the Democrats and Republil
case oastlg hardly any figure worth mention
ing. With enob a large plecalisy as this in
Ben Franoteoe it is almost ta agty that the
Workingmen will get away with she State
very easily; and unless there has been aon on
nommonly large amoont of scratching, that the
workingmen have secured all the thbirty-two
delegates at large. In this city their victory
has been as complete and overwhelmnlog as the
most sanguoine K areyite could hav hoped.
Even on those' nobby" precincts w the
odlor ..f !oboe ,L h ~~~er.
where the hired organs of the Nob Hill gentry
anticipated a solid vote for the Conorete can
didates. the Workingmen, to the astonishment
even of themse!lves, have a piorality of the
The fact is, there was a general apathy out
side of the ranks of the labr party, and there
were a great many votes polled quietly for the
Kearney ticket by well-to-do merchants and
taxpasyers who had lost all confidence in the
old party organizatlions and in all the tricky
laders connected with them. Seeinog, as they
could not but see, tae sra.ks of these old party
haoks so plainly toin the Non-partisan move
ment, they made choice of the Workiugmen's
tioket as a sort of last reinge against the infa
mies of the anocients in polities who have for
so many years been rubbing the State and im
poverishibog the people. Oneof the mistetrik
ing features in toe election is the utterly con
temptible fignre out by the Demooratlo and
From the San Franoisco Catholie Monitor.
Any one who witnessed the proceesion of
least, Saturday night. conuld see that the hearts
of the working elass-s were stirred to their
very depths ohere was an earnestness about
she dem .ntration that contrasted strangely
with mere political displays, when the bchief
question at issue was between the 'Ino" and
Youog and old, women and children, turned
out "en masse" to take part in the popular
protest that "The Chinese must go." It can
no longer be doubted that the worknlog people
of California regard this Chinese question al
most as a matter of life or death for themselues
and their children. As we go to press the foil
returns are not yet completed, but soffoleut
is known to believe that the popular cause has
bachieved a signal triumph.
We are sure the workinamen feel glad to
day that they heeded the warning of true
friends, and did not permit themselves to be
driven into any unlawful aote, or anything
that could be construed into an attempt at
Communistic revolution. The ballot is the
only true and sure weapon for an American
freeman. It requires patience to bear and
wait, but still it will bring enduring victory
in the end.
Tan LoNGwvrrT or LrTuRAr Mr.a-The
death of William Collen Bryant at the ad
vanced age of eighty-four calls to mind the
longevity that is bcharacterlistic of men of let
ters, an also the fact that many of those
whose names are held most dear now are
already for on for any but the literary life.
Thus Mr. Emerson is seventy-fve years old;
Mr. Longfellow is seventy-one; Mr. Whittlier
will be seventy-one nesxt December and Mr.
Tennyson is sixty-nine. They are all of them
still vigorous and active, and from each the
world has heard something new within a short
time. Taking Mr. Bryant's age as a standard
these have still many years of life and usefaul
nes before them. And it is noteworthy that
Mr. Bryanot, who dies now at eighty-four, was
in his bchildhood what they call a prodigy.
Testimony had to be produced that be really
wrote his own poems, and there wers about
him those characterstics whloh, it is common
ly supposed, promise an early death. Happily
for the world this supposition in hbls case
proved itself in error.
leased are thoes
Whess bleed sad judgment re e wsell esesmiagled.
'ytet as areset a Ins be Irtriass's btgs,
Tamedwhoa Ms5)b w tsss.
....v';i ý"." _ ý :".u.: i~. rSniý _li..ý L~ziý
IFor the Morlning BStar
THE BEART OF JESUS GIVES THEE ALL
V lonely heart, thou art opprest
With hidden griefsno friend may abarte
The day to drear, the way is long.
Thy burden seems too great to bear.
Then come unto thy loving Lord.
And listen to His gentle call i
blik not thy sorrow g unoLhowea
SThe Heart of Jesus hoows it all.
What seelt thou. aone warnderer.
So bhindly grping day by day I
I Fath's bright visage dim t ad aslled,
Has pensln led thy soul stray e
The, hlinastnto thy arlours oruds
And listen to His gentle call.
oue seedk for Iight to lSod tby way
The Heart of Jesus holdse it all.
Poor, lonely, bind and weary one,
There is a refuge from thy care;
The Heart of Jessa open rlwaits,
r He getly bids theh enter there.
Comee haste to thy lovii n Lord,
Hor longer alight His tender call,
Thou needest comfort, light and pnes*,
The Heart of Jeorns gives thf all.
Sesoalooese Ala , June IS'8.
GAMBTXTA ANlD THE BISHOP OF OB
The venerable Bishop of Orleans has ad
dressed he following letter to the edpub
Ifgue F acoase :
L.- Oarass, Jane 3, 1878
no"Mt hi .-A number of your paper is iom
moicsted to me in whiob I read:
" *The height of cleverness is, for instanoe, to
reproaoh the philosopher (Voltaire) with har
log been the friend of the Klng of Prussia, and
not having foreseen hbe war of 1870. But it le
impossible not to recolleot that when Frenbch
blood was beinga shed all over theoonntry. and
our sons were sleeping In the snow, M. lEvege
nsian officers to his episoopal table, an
treating them as friends, and, poseibly, after
their coffee, gave them his pastoral blessing.
Snob conduoct, no doubt, qualifee him to give
to others lessone of retrospeotive patriotilem.'
The 'height of clevernese,' monsieur, is to re
preeent a man as having eald what he did not
say-as having done what he did not do; and,
permit me to add that, as for as you are oon
oerned, it le the height of bohumility to have re
counse to olomnioes in order to defend Vol
taire. I never reproahobed Voltaire, as you
ridiculously represent, with 'not hbaving fore
seen the war of 1870' Vultaire hadno necessity
for any foresight. Voltair had seen with hble
own eyes the disaster of our arms at Roebaoch
-and Voltaire was uilty of an outrage on
patriotism and on the army when he found
'delightfol' (charssats) these lines of Frederick
on the French
'0s peuple seet velage.
A 05,1 brave dane Is pI Wag.
Quo aIche den Ius oombate-'
[Which, liberally translated,means: "This
besotted and thierving race, as brave in pillage
as they are cowardly in battle."]
Add also when improving on these insults
he added the following orowning outrage on
our army:-"The Proesian uniLrm mnost only
be need to bring the Welohbes to their kneee "
This style and these insult are worthy of the
man who said, 'the people sae stupid end bar.
barons; they are mere oxen; all thay need is a
yoke and their quantum of hey.' You sany that
'Whilst Frenoh blood was flawing everywhere
I jauntily invited to my table the Prnselan
ofiicers, and treated them as friends,' and so
on. 1 have but one word to reply, monsieur.
This is the most offenmove imposture you ever
invented. Tue BRappel to my knowledge, had
already indulged iu that olomoy which, at
that time, I disdained to bring beford the judi
cial authorities. Here is the truth :-When, at
the beginoning of November, M. Thiers passed
through Orleans on his return from his fruit
less negotiation at Versailles, he oondescended
to alignt at my house. Arriving in the even
ing, he started again in the mornigol for Toors.
(en. von der Taun came to the palaoe early in
the morning to wait upon him, and offered him
hornes to continue his journey. He was takLing
his breakfast just hefore leaving. M. Thiers,
very desirone theat his departuore shbould not be
deferred, asked me to allow him to receive the
general in the dilong room. I replied to M.
Thiers-'Consider this house your own.' It
was thus that General von der Tenn sesteted
at this breakfast, seated by M. Thiers; a cover
was not even laid for him. This in ie naked
truth, sle the simple fact on which you have
ballt up the odious and abominable calumny
whihob you are not ashamed to treat yotur read
er to against me. Subsequently, on the 4th
December. when Orleans once more fell into
the enemy's hands the Palsee was immediately
surrounded and occupied by 160 Prosslan sol
diers, and the whole bouse was invaded by a
numerous Prouseian staff. Doring that time no
doubt they were daily feasting and banquet
ing ast the Palace, but dariog that time I was
kept a close prisoner toin my room, two seatries
being stationed at the door, and was prohiblbit
ed leaving it on any account. And I may tell
yeou, moreleur, the reason for their irritetion,
for they did not oooneal it from me. In a let
ter written after Coolmiers, I had, in thel
opinion, spoken too well of the French and ill
of the Pressiansn. I had at that time, in my
episeopal Palace, aon ambulance of 50 Freaec
wounded The Prnaieats plaimed for their
ambelseae the roome than eeeopied by the
Freser. I refesed so esmply with i do
ýý_d +,i .,-:ý_ ýý''diiý. rc.ýýrý.L rK -
mand, and added thbat if they were expelled I
should acoompany them and leave the Palaoe
in spite of the sentries. They yielded. I gave
np for the use of their sick all the vacant
rooms in the hosne, and for two months we
were obliged to go to the hone. of one of mi
vioare to take our meals. That is how I
jauntily' invited Prussian cficere to my table,
treated them as friend., and was treated by
t1em oin the same way. In short, and without
going into forther detaile, what part I played
at Orleans durlog the war, and what I was
able to do in behalf of my country and in the
interest of our faithfol and gallant populaltion,
have been dilated on by other voices tbhan mine
in terms to flattering me to quote. The
mayor and mounicipal counoll-who were Re
publicano and are now in poste of honor-were
good enough ounanimouly to pae a vote of
thbanks to me for my devotednees and such
services as I was able to render. That, mon
sieer, is my answer to the imposture of which
you have made yourself the eobo. But, moo
esieur, when P'French blood was loewinog and our
bchildren were eleeping in the snow,' there was
somebody who was more merry than I was, I
can assure you; I mean that person who (as
shown in the second volume of the Parliameo
tary inquiry, page 360) at the time of our most
oruel disasters, sar to Bordeax thbe following
despatob : -'Prom Boarges, December 16, 10:17
p. m.-Eqieite igar. Keep rourselves
merry and sooaommoaing. Health sad fra
ternity to you, the perfect, and all the world.
-Signed, Leon Gambetta.' Be pleased mon
sieur, to seceive the homage of the fellnge I
have the honor to oter ye."
t PFxz Bishop of Orleans.
Y. Gambetta, the Paris correspondentof the
London Standard adds, bhas drawn thiq$ingiag
reply down upon himself. He peronlly I
flly believe, was not aware tf sh. lalum
levelled by- hrpspU"~im b ieIatawI E
whatever be hi polita opileis a, bot
to his country and hble Church, and wh a
triotism and courage daring the war Wa
betta coould not faill to be aware of durintg hi
residence at Tour.. The Bepsblige has not
yet published the Bishop's letter. Some curl
oelty is felt as to what Is will reply.
OBSTRUCTIVE8 POE PA.LIAMENT,
WHAT FIFTY MEN LIKU PARN3LL COULD DO.
Dablin Nation, Jane 8th.
Four or Aive energetic and fearles Irish mem
bers have so shaped their Parliamentary aco
tion as to place the Hone. of Commone in the
greatest predicament experienced by that as
sembly for a very long period. In viewofthat
faot we ask the Irishb people to ceeside what
would be the sfect created by forty or fifty
Irish members proceeding on the same line of
Of ooorse we are aware that a select om- i
mittee of the Hoouse is engaged in trying to
devise a way out of the dimiculty, and we know
that some rules and regulations willbe framed
for the porpoee of enDtiling England's legisla
tire machinery to work with all its aesustom
ed smoothness and rapidity. But we also
know Just se well that those role. and regula
tions will fail, utterly fail, if forty orfty Irisheb 1
members of the right etamp be sent to grapple
We will be told that this idea Is nonsensical.
The question will be asked of as do we suppisee
for a moment that the Parliament of England
eis not able to protect itself from annoyance or
injury ? Eloquent oand poetic accounts of its
power will be quoted for us. Weseballbe pre
sroted once more with the familiar illostation
of Nasmyth's steam hammer, whiobh can crank
a nut without injuring the keznel, or strike I
with the weight of many tone. The recittereof I
this parable eusually leave out of view the fact I
that a child might derange the action of the
said hammer, if he or she were only acquainted
with the secret of ite working, and were
placed amongst the party having chaobrge of
the mobachine. In d ep sepulhobral tones we 1
shall be warned of tbh fearful penalties the I
House can inflict on troublesome or disobedi
ent members. It can actually
I. Censure them.
II. Silence them for the debate.
11I. Silence them for the sitting.
IV. Silence them for several sittings.
V. BSuspend them for the session.
Vi. Expel them.
To all whichb we say. granted. Nit a word
of this is news to us. Werecogniose even that
the list of penalties may be prolonged in the
VII. Fine them.
VIII. Imprison them.
IX. Chain them.
X. Starve them.
XI. Hang them.
We are willing to admit still more than thsle,
and to suppose that if, after the irst bateb of t
Obetrctionists have been thus disposed of, I
the Irsleb oanstitiuenoles continue to sead men i
of the esme stamp to bthe House of Commons, i
Parliament can proscel to punoolb the electora
in a variety of ways. Now, what more ea we
be asked to helieve in this matter -unless it
he that a vote of the House of Commons esa
consign the acole of obetruclives to everlast
Well, with tbhis full and clear view of the 4
situation before us, with all these alarmlug I
pains and penalties staring as in the fans, we I
tell the Irish people who want to work out the
freedom of ;heir country to send by all means
an 'obstructLive" repreentation to the Britisheb
Parliamenst. They should not coneider this
tasek too hard or the perils too great. Many
nations have Ifo ght a more deperate fight in
the pursuit of liberty, dared greater dds, sea
b~orted g r A n sa~lise4 Sttakh the sea
qusoces whether they won or lost the gama
Irishmen, too, playd such a pt in the elda
time. Irelana men who eould mot be
frightened by threats of benlag oensured or al.
enoosd by aon Enoglish Parliament S; men who
woold not quail before the idea of aplstsa,
or even of sospenoloo-lin any of its gems
Ireland we are proud to believe, has sash
men stil-itf ohabe bad not, her eanee was last
but she needs to send themn right Into She Seld
of aetlon, whblheb. under present olreometaness,
i thbe Hose of Commons.
The spirit is in the Irish people to do thi
thing if they once set into their mids aa
proper appreoation of 1ts eoormous politleal
vale. The spiritis Ia them, for they have
bshown it In a thoneand ware. Long sad ass
looly bohave they sought for some meaeasetm.
log a p uren upon their EBglisb raises whist
should Indouee them to mlax their opplesaIve
grasp of the throat of Ireland. Of their im,
their moey, ad their blood the Irish pess
have freely given in their eforta to aeno
hat obJes. A last various balrse
tliE power the have dashed themselves
in the coare of stats, but without say
prtoSt h tol ease. Sil their arstioa op
have beased the time, and bee in eoesoaenase
with their oupposed oppotunies., er the
present time, hosweve, a dirt mode of pro.
eding Is meet proper an most prommia
Awayluf puttin pmresre upon 9beh ogll
rulers of reland hasur boo fead out. Iti
simple, proues and eftive It is most
diet in its on. It doe not deal with
the outworke of British power, It Ia pled ia
the very etedol. It Il not e apsee
stone or Iros, 1 soets upon the ofn he
ystem. It doe net meddle thee mer
subordlsates, the blind tools o 5 rela,
It alas no stroke as the British army, or the
British uavy,sr thelrishhlese-tthesaia,
them all-twe bdsolat dl.t61a.
But whither doe all this tod, sat what
will eeme of It at lest, an anolsat meser of
the Hoose has asked. Does It not teast toplks
and guns, barriodse, dynamite, and (o
fire s We answer that it does nothieg of the
sort. Whig polities and To polities led to
them, a fant, feeble, and spiritless Irish rep
resenat!on led to them. But a bold and amrl
ooorse of Parliamentary oaction will not ld
to them. What that course of aeotlon woeld
lead to Is a fair settlement of the
Irish national question. It would is.
volvo, we grant, a stiff constitautional
stra gle, whiob might laos some year; IS
wonolid put some strain on the spirit, the tom.
psr, the ingenuity, and the rsenurees of the
Irlsh conastiuenoles and of Ireland's leading
politlolas. But if the country Is nequal to
so meb of a struggle, i It is unwilling to
face snoh a trial for the sake of Ibmse Rle.
the casoe cannot be won. Smooth words ant
smooth aste will not win it; smiles, oemph.
ments, pretty speeohes, eat pleasant stories
will not bring us an ob h earer Sit. But
won it can be, most oertaloly, If Ireland will
only send a large body of earn At, courageoes
and hard-working men to make a right ne of
the opporounlties lying open to their hbands In
the Britlb House of Commonse.
THB CONDITION OP ITALY.
A gentleman who hasb been traveling
through Italy withlin the past few days
writes as follows to a friend in this city:
"I have made it my business to talk
with persons of every olae about the con.
dition of the country, and for that purpose
have often traveled for a few hours In the
third clasa. The discontent is Intense and
uoniversal. In Yeronica an old man told
me that he greatly regretted the Austrians.
In Naples I heard several regretting the
loss of Francis II. The txes are simply
unbearable, and all say that the utmost
limit has been reached. BosIes" is raised.k
There are failures of merchants every day.
Many respectable people, with the dress andat
education of gentlemen, have beon known
to go to some of the monasteries and beg
for a franc. To give you an Idea of the
increase of taxation-a landowner In the
Papal Statee, who before paid about I laad
tax now pays £35 A tradeeman assured ae
that under the Pope he only paid alne
franca, and now he has to pay sIxtyfour
france. In Naples a man who formerly
paid less than a franc now pays thirty.
Add to thia the Indirect taxation, and yes
will have some idea of bthe prresent destitu
tion of a people never rich even in their
beot times. Another grievanee is the eos.
scription from which they cannot now
exempt themselves by paying for a subt.i
inate. Besides they do nob give the poor
retches enough So eat. So I weeas told by
a young soldier whom I met at Tivoll and
who was pointed out to me as being a
aiguore' or gentleman. The poor signore
had no stomach for fighting and cad dly -
admitted to me that be would rather be at
home with his mamma. In any other
country such discontent would mean that
the goveroment could not exist one week,
but this careless, light hearted people, if
they can get a trifle of macaroni and a sup
of wine, will only shrug their sbhouldars
and aey povera Itaolia. They all seem
agreed, however, that the present regime
can't last much longer. But what is to pat
a end to it they do not saJ."-Cork Bgsi.