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The morning star and Catholic messenger. [volume] (New Orleans [La.]) 1868-1881, August 18, 1878, Morning, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86086284/1878-08-18/ed-1/seq-8/

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Worning Star and Catholic lessengers wre
3W O I.£a8, suaIDT, AoUGUST Io *re. Lord
of w
(Comamunloated.)
DAYB OF CREATIONY. ted
war
C. Jr., in his second oommunioation, says: days
I have to thank D P. 8. for giving oocasion that
eta this explanstton." Dear C. Jr., I beseech exist
goe, as I have a good deal of respect for you, cord
de not make any more such explanations. It in ii
tea very easy answering you as long as you obje
rgteck to one side of this qurstion. but when than
set condemn both the literal meaning of Holy meat
`'4ripture, whicb I and the Jewish and Chris- and
4.am world maintain, and also the figurative oal
-mseaning, including long periods of time, say is op
ae&O . tel thousand to one hondred and twenty ance
cillione of years, which Huxley, Bnffon, Hal- The
by,. Werner, Hatton and others, maintain, less
'it wedld take too mcbh space in the MoRN- ohap
·ait STBAR to follow you, and if we did, we meal
wend .be very likely to forget the original was
aembect. Indeed, if yen had not nesed the D. the
P. S.so often in your explanation, I woold not kuoo
hrve thougth it at all necessary to say any- fathe
Puiag; but for the honor of the initials, and p.er
1-a resent the Indignity of coupliLg them with whel
Eoaley's name,I will make a few observations exist
'sua your explanation and
2t seems, from your "explanation," that there days
asst have been a great deal of night work
tonee by the Almighty during the period of As
utreation which Moses does not think it worth
`'hllo to mention, and which I therefore en- JI'H.
tirely overlooked. But your chief reliance for
bhe support of your theory that the "days" of Ti
rteation could not have been days of twenty- Aesi
'fear hours, is your knowledge of Hebret. Den
There you have me sure, for I am not so- arm
quainted with the mother tongue of the human b
tamily, nor even with my own mother tongue. then
I thought you had quoted, as I did, from an in tl
.ald English volume, which you must have king
seen, called " The Holy Bible, translated from disp
'I be Latin Vulgate," and approved by the Pre- piec
edtns of Irelsnd, England and America. The side
maid Latin Vulgate having been decreed by the may
c until of Trent to be "Saored and Canonical." odd,
Tcen say, "All must admit that the Hebrew text shot
emthorised by the Church is as good as the Heel
+agtlsh tratrtation." Quits as good, if it tho
slists ; but, like the holy monk of the twelfth 187a
usntutry, I have never heard of it before; and 30,o
tt. jur version of the lst chap. of Genesias, 5th Alb
verse, is the best translation you can make The
trem tb; t Hebrew text, I do not think you bati
rill induce many of your readers to abandon thir
their English translation for yours. The pres- wer
nat Eaglish translation reads, "And there was rani
evening and morning one day." C. Jr. trans- heft
Laea : his text from the Hebrew : "And there tent
...'as ending and beginning one period." This ta
Uiebrew translation of yours, for the purpose 1ar
S. showlng that the " days" mentioned by rifit
M~oees were figurative days, puts me in mind tort
rf a note in Cardinal Wiseman's fifth lecture, rest
here be e quotes from a Dr. Croly, that the blo
3ays of creation mean nothing but the pace r
d,! twenty.four;hours, becasse the Hebrew word To
.fr "day" literally means the period of light, bu
ar the tintr between two sunsets." You repeat 3 I
'.hat as tue snn was not created until the fourth 56,
4,y, the first four days could net have been mit
eassuered by it. But Moses wrote two thou.- 30
sand five hundred years after the creation, and th
.g4ve all his calcnti'ioun ( u , ., L" -, 1 5
ications of the sun and earth.
Txle.y's Nashville speech seems to have I
;a) have "beu a godsend for C. Jr. He says: &1
').y answer to Houxey will be a scffcient an.
wevr to D. P. 8." But for tt e life of me I can-Th
nst see what answer Huxley required frcm cut
youuicese, as I intimated above, you wanted aa
to be on both sides You have etated that the alt
4a3 of creation could not have been days of
:,;weoty-f.nr houre each, but were periods of p
tuknown duration, and.when Hcxley says the
same thing you denounce him as an atheist.
The creation of the world by Almighty God in
;a an article of faith to which every Catholic eli
.anst assent, but the time or manner of the
enratieo is not so. The inspired writer affirms wt
he+ oreat :o to have been instaLtaneos : "He at
that lives for ever and ever created all tialngs th
eagether." And Moses sys, "In the beginning Gi
4ed oreated heaven and earth."
But the subsequent verses of the chapter *
slow a successive development of esebh dis.- e
t ot portion in six ordinary consecutive days. t
This is the simple, literal meaning of the text, of
sand has been so understood in all ages, atid '
daeste, infidels and atheists, acknowledging wI
this to be the belief of all Christians, have
.et their batteries at work, both philosophioal a
and soientife, to rot out this belief, whioh v
they call "a vulgar error of the dark days of
snperstition."
The faOts which geology discloses were at
first made ,ubervient to these infidel purposes.
Some Christians got soared at the reported r
;ints of geology and were willing to make
A-most any conocessiones in favor of the new
theories. Cardinal Wiseman's lectures on
anience and revealed religion, delivered in
Ruome over fifty years ago, first called the at
seution of learned Catholics to the science of
"gology in oonneotion with revealed rqligion.
Th.e Cardinal imself was not a geologist, and
usek nearly all their conclsions in good faith;
SSt even he saye, "I do not advocate the pro
twugation of the days to periods." Bince that
'ime learned Catholise have studied and in
-estigated the science of geology, and have
riv-ed at the oonolusion that the Mosaic ao
-rsecSt of the aix days' creation, in its plain
-e. atural sense, acoor!s with all observed
3phesomena.
Bat were the facts of geology esuch as to re
-uire the figorative meaning of the text, that
igrative meaning might be adopted consist.
"antl y withoot violating any dogma of the Ca
<Dreli Churoh.
C.Jr. gives his first and last reason why the
agem four days of creation ooold not be days of
.wnty-four hours, because the sun " wau not
,weated until the fourth day." I gave him the
:ai'es oneveral fathers of the Churoh quoted
*CardlueDl WLseman on this portion of the
aused text, whloch C. Jr. haa not notioed.
"Who that has enoe," exolaims Origen, "oan
tbhias that the frst, eooeud am t hir "ais
were without son, moon or stare;" and St.
Gregory Neslausen says: ' For the voloeof the
Lord is the voice of power, at the command anal
of whihob, in the beginning, light and erery ear- is di
ated thing sprang into existence." All matter 30,04
was created together, and the work of the six At
days was bat the arrangement and ordering of t
that matter by Infinite Power. Had the earth fns
existed previous to the sen, it could not, aso- A
cording to the laws cf motion, possibly move poi
in its present orbit, and there cmold be no bro
object to giving it a motion on its axis. So Ti
that, in a scientifio point of view, the literal negi
meaning of the text is rational and consistent, Ahcl
and moreover it accords exactly with geologi- had
oal dlscoveries, while the figurative meaning bron
Is opposed to the laws of nature and at vari- eaoC
ance with the ex'sting eastem of the world. In
The holy fathers made no concessions for reck- ant
less theorier: all their comments on the first A to
chapter of Genesis wete based upon the literal £15
meaning of the text. How long "the earth proj
was void and empty, and daskness was upon TI
the face of the deep." we have no means of undo
knowing, for neither the Church nor the holy tee a
fathe-s have ever determined, so that a long ralt
period may have elapsed betweed the moment Hill
when the heavens and the earth sprang into Ing
existence at the command of the Almighty, K'
and the beginning of the work of the "six h.be
days." Respectful!y, your obedient servant, ture
DP.a Frat
August 15. 17-. that
rily,
in tl
J'lHAT SHALL NATION'S CAN DO IF THEY to p
ABE BRA E. the
Ti
The war of 1864, by which Prussia and by t
Austria wrested two fertile provinces from o let
Denmark, led to the reorganization of the land
army of that kingdom by the act of July six
6th, 1867, which compels all men, on Ulnil
attaining the age of twenty-two, to present Dan
themselves for examination and enrolment Stab
in the military service, and this little wer
kingdom of 2,000,000 inhabitanrs has at its and
disposal 35 000 men, 7,000 horses, and 100 the
pieces of artillery for active service, be- Ti
sides a local militia of some 12000 to thei
15,000 men. What a plucky little State fun
may do, against apparently overwhelming Cen,
odds, in a country adapted for defence, is ago
shown in the summing up by the Deutsche to n
Heeres Zeitung, of the great part played by was
the little State of Montenegro in the recent rego
war. Her campaign began on July lot, v
1876, and ended February let, 1878. full
30,000 Montenegrins, Herzegovinans, and Pin)
Albanians, fought against 250,000 Turks. but
The Montenegrins were victors in twelve pen
battles, ten actions, seventeen larger, and ever
thirty two smaller encountere. In two Ti
smaller fights (Biahina and Anamraliti) they and
were beaten, while in two others (at Go- ble'
ransko and Nozdren) they had to retire Mai
before overwhelming numbers. Thel Mon- leer
tenegrins took twenty-five field and moon- Mal
tain guns, 107 siege guns. an army stand- Thil
ard, a ship's flag, sixteen flags of fortresses, Tea
112 battalion colors, 2,200 horses, f 000 gre,
rifles, and 10,671 prisoners. They cap- tool
tared three large, and twelve smaller fort- woe
reses, eighteen forts, thirty-nine kules and rest
blockhouses, and ten redoubts. This run
brilliant result was obtained with a loss of
2 955 dead, and 6.495 wounded. The eq7
Turks lost in the Montenegrin campaign, o
besides the 10,672 priseners mentioned, see
38 660 dead, 42,440 wounded, and about fro
56,000 victims to disease, deserters, and wit
missing, as well as 6 600 horses and males, up
30,000 cattle, and four-men of war. The the
Turkish territory, at present occupied by coe
the Mon:ten-grins, includes from I. 2XJ to lst
- Taereaa. n
I French wove corsets are ncw sold by Adams el§
: o& -'o..95 Magazine street at t1. te
qu
FocURT DIsTrICT eCIIOOL BOOK DxPdr.-- t
The readers of the ETAS setoud b-ar in m;nd that our ed
enterpris!g young friend. Mr. Jtmas Kirkpatr:ck, has at
I a complete estck of school books of all kinds. He has
e alo fine strck of prayer books, beads sca u'ars, and £
at kinds cf devotional articles and is prepared to ramue I
pr: ores at short notice and low prices Give him a as
call when you require anything In his lie it
Mr. C. D .'e. 41 Tcboupitoolna street, has fr
d Jo t received another invoice of sunerior Callfornia i
claret and white wines, which he ie fleeing at low b
e prices. These wines are rapidly growing in favor a'
among our people, and bid fair to supercede Freneh Ii
wines, at least to a great extent, for all who have tried o
e them unite In pralses of their purity, the delicacy of b
s their Iavor, and their superior excellence generally. N
g Give them a trial and judge for yourself.
T. FITZwtIILIAM & CO., STATIONaRS, LITHO- g
CIsriasls AND PalaTSas -Among the advertisements
e- on our afth page will be found one announting the fact
s. that Mr T. Fitzwilliam, having purchased the interest
t, of Mr. M. F. Dann. will oontinue the stationery bu. (
i4 ses at the old stand, t6 Camp street in comnection
with Mr. J. H. K rkwood, thee yle of the-firm remain- I
ing the same as heretofore. Eighteen years ago, with
esome expericnoe and a little capital, Mr. Fitswilliam
01 established himself in the stationery business in the
oh very same but'ding that he now occupies. Succeesfu ly
of tiding over the great diflleultles which surrounded the
merchants of New Orleanaduring the four years of civil
war, he found himself in t063 in a position of golden 1
at premise. To the established merchant who under- t
t. stood his business and whose moral attributes and
ed reputation were of such a character ea to command
ik public conlidence, that end the succeedling year offered
opportunities of winning a commanding rositlen post.
tion in his line of trade from which no adverse fortune,
on no Irtioenoe. hcwever rowerful, couhl in after yeare
I iD detract in any degree. That Mr. Fitzwilltam presses.
at- ed all the qualities lieCeenary for cucceos. end that he
SOf made the umost of Lie opportunity, is proved by the fact
he then teoetvld, and has ever stluce.held, the choice
d of the custom in his line. Metchauts corn leajned that
ad t his store they couold alws)s get the best of statilon
ith; ry., that there they could have blank books msnufac
pro- tlel and le:ter-heads, circularS, ete. prin ed in a
hat stylethat suited them exactly, and that, wbilo there
1. never wss a pretence of underselling the market or
ae amy attempt at Cheap John dodgeos, they could asways
feel certainl that tLe.r orders, w bothebr given personally
- or sent by messenger, wou'd be fl.led at reasonable and
la satitfsotolry prices. This ilplic!t confidence on the
ve part of all its patrons shows in what high esteem the
house of T. Fitzwlllism & Co. is held. With a stock
- of goeds complete in ali its details, and equal in
quality as in quantity to lthat of the leadiog yew York
houses; with a blank book manufactory, p'rting omce
and litheographic establlshmenl at in the same buildlng,
C*- with outfilts of the best presesaud machinery ard new
et stylesof type. etc.. and keeptirg in its employ only
the wortmen selected for their skill atd taste, the house
of T. Fitseilliatlh & Co goarantees to its palrons the
e nso m perlfct ratisfaction in the future that they have
he enjoyed in past yearO.
uted In their advertimene, t, which appears on
thour fltth plage. tessti. E. II. Adams & Bro. claim to
have 'the Is';t asortrd stock cf summer rct goods in
the city and at the most reauosable raies." Call,
can ladles,t xrine goods atd re. s. and Judge foryour
ay esrlves.
GENBERAL MEWB ITEMB. me
The famous Viennese surgeon, Baron Rokit- se
aneky, whose death was recently announced thl
is declared by a lcocal paper to have"diaseateA yF
30,000 oorpses." sot
An Influx of Mennonite is anticlpated be- ao
tween this and 1880, in whibch year their ex
emption from military service will end in
Rusia, where they number 200 000.
Among the 53,005 ex:ibitors at the Paris Ex
position there will be distributed 2 .500 prize Tr
-2600 gold metals. 6400 sliver medals, 10,000 lt
bronze medals and 10,600 honorable mentions. 1Gt
The Augusta, Ga., Nears says that sixteen a
negroes, who returned from Liberia on the 59
Asor, passed through the olty last week on
their way to Miuisalsppt. One of them said be on
bead oarried away 81000 some years ago and now of
brought back nothing. All said they hadad eel
enough of Liberiai the
In Cyprus, house rent, provisions, and other Vii
necessaries have risen enormously in price in ezx
antioipation of the wants of the British troope. of
A telegram s ys that for housesformerly woet'5 pa
£15, f250 are now asked. Other things are in 0o
proportion. As thereare no botels, everybody ex
is obliged to "rough it."
There has lately been published In London,
under the supervision of the English Commit- O
tee or Holders of Alabama eight per oent gold
State bonds of 1870, and of the directors of the
railway company, a pamphlet entitled "The the
Hill CoaLtry of Alabama," earnestly advooat- or
ing English emigration thither. pro
Kearney's expenses on his oratorical tour in of
theEast are not paid by himself. He Is not a de
bloated capitalist, though the owner of several no
trucks. Shortly before his departure from San Ti
Franoieso a concert was given for his benefit w
that was, in point of attendance and peeania- col
rily, one of the most eseeesfal ever witnessed va
in that oity. The amount netted was suoient Co
to pay all the cost of a three moni's' trip to
the East, and will leave something over. Pa
The hard times in Great Britain are shown ca
by the last emi-an n al report of Riobard Seyd, by
a leading authority in business affairs in Eug- tri
land, from which it appears that for the first h
six months of this year the failures in the all
United Kingdom were 7 51f. According to wt
Dnn, Barlow & Co., the failures in the United lig
States and the Canasds for the same period
were only 5825. These were out of a list of
700,000 persons or firms engaged in business, at
and it is claimed thas these are not so many in 1a
the United Kingdom.
The Democrats of Iowa never elect any of m
their osandidates, but they always have los of
fun making their nominations. In the First
Congreesional district convention a few days
ago a majority of the delegates had concluded Ca
to nominate the Greenbark oandidate. wheh no
was snch a shocking change from the Bourbon lai
regulation that a dozen or so of tiheDemocrats in
got mad enough to refuse to vote, one voted ha
for Andrew Jacksn and two were so dreads- W
fully worked up that they voted for Eliss
Pinkston. This was very amusing, of course,
but funnier thinu have been knows to hap
pen when etatesmen were assembled together, i
even in Iowa. Co
Tnrfmen who thought that careful training th
and breeding had secured all the speed posi- he
ble to Be made by a horse when "Goidamith bt
Maid" trotted a toile in two minutesanu four- tie
teen seconds, find themselves disappointed by he
"Rarns" who, on August 3rd, surpassed the. ti,
Maid's beet time by three-quarters of a-second. Ci
This puts "Dexter's" time of 2 17* and "Flora m
Temple's time of 2.1 3l quite in the back
ground; and yet when their performances
took place many persons thought that they at
would never be equalled. We do not care to
reason that horses will in timebe ab!e to out
run locomotive engines, but it would be very
rash to accept Barns's speed as the limit of fr
equine rapid transit.
Thegreat bonanzu mines that have played it
so stirring apart in recent California biatory C
seem entirely exhausted and about to vanish
from the scene, notwithstanding the tense ty
with which their leading owners try to keep at
up the belief that there is still.paying ore in ci
them. The Satro tunnel, that has just been I
completed at enormous expense, after years of b
labor, loot a like a wasted achievement. bharee s
in the xttforniwmine, that at one time -Wbre r
worth in the mearktt nearly a thousand dollars
each, have fallen to nine dollars and an
eighth, and Consolidit td Virginia, that was
nearly as valuable, to eight dollars and a c
quarter. Many have grown rich through t
- thete mines, butt :ousands have been bagar
r ed by them. Their wealth has been a curse
s and no t a blessing to California i
" G P. Banderson, the officer in charge of the
d Euglish elephant catching establishment in t
e Mysore, says that elephan'e travel in herds e
a and in strict Indian tie When a calf is born, 1
the herd remains wit h the mother two-days; ;
the calf is tt-n able to march and oo croes
s rive's and climb hills with the assistance of
ire dam. They are fine swimmers. Mr. Sand
erson says that a herd of seventy-nine which
be sent sent across country had the Gange
' and several of its large tidal branchee to cross.
6 In the longest swim they were six homrs with
d out touching bottom. After a rest on a sand
of bank they completed the swim in three more.
r. Not one wasulost. Twice around an elephant's
foot is said to be his height, and generally
this measurement is correct. Their asie is
o- generally exaggerated. The largest Mr. San
derson ever saw was nine feet ten isehse high
at the shoulder.
et One of the drops of gall in the eup of the
et. German Chancellor is the defeat of his son,
oa Count Herbest Von Bismarck, at Lnneberg. A
Berlin correspondent, writing to the Juearnm
th des Debats before the election, mentions that
the young man's first idea, or his father's first
'm idea for him, had been to contest Meiningen
he with Herr Lasker. But it was finally decided
ly that the risks would be lees in Lnneberg,
he and to Lnneberg he was sent to win his politi
vil cal spars. In his maiden speech to the eleo
en tors, he dwelt on the recent attempts upon
or- the life of the Kaiser; the importance of
,nd the passage cf the laws proposed by his
and father for the repression of ase Soeialiets,
and for augmenting the imperial revenese;
and upon the fact that his opponent, Herr
st- Hammscher, had unpatr~iottcally voted in
ne. the Beichatag against these salutary meas
uare res. His asumming up was so follows - "Every
s- one knows the policy of the Chancellor; every
,he one, then, knows what position I will take if ll
tret am electetd--l, h.s son. who entirely share his
i opinions." Apparect'y the Luneberg voters
c did not appreciate t be honor ffered them of be
aing represented at Berlia by this flial young
ion- Bismarok. At any rate they elected the other
SF. B. Sauborn has b-en collecting faote re
ier garding crime and criminals in the United
tor States. The nomber of convicts is now twice
say as great as in 171, the relhttve figures being
ally 31.,000 and 16,000. The greatest increse is in
sad Georgia, Tennesee, and several Weestern 8tates.
the The number of persons in prisons as conoviots,
the or awaiting trial, is 20000, of whom less than
one sixth are women. About 10 000 of the
whole number are in New York and 4900 in
1 c Massobusetts, where the proportion of prison
or er to population is greater than in any other
,c part of the country. In the South the higher
liae prisons are generally made self-eupporting by
new the labor of the convicte, who are leased to
only contractors, who may employ them anywhere
one in the State. In Arkansse the contractor pays
the nothing, but meets all expenlse. lu Tennee
hsee, Georgia, and Ms'sesippi stated sums in
Smoney, besides expense. a-e paid by the oon
tractors. Mr. Sanborn figures as follows: 'The
o general result o thebo labor of convicts in the
o tate prisons of thirty-seven S:a'ee (for DoIs
w to warehbs no centr rl primou) falle E1,K>0 000 short
de Iof the earnings rtquisite to support the 29,000
Call, convicts in those p isons last year. That sum,
roer divided among an average of 29000 State pri
soners, Lives an average cot of somethito
more than $43 a les far each convict. If we mi
add in the seam paid for the support of short ta
sentenced prisoners in jails, the total cost of
the 60,000 persons in prison throughout se
year 1877 would probably exceed $5,000,000, or in
something more than 80 a year for emob prl- M
soner."
UH3 A MrIL. NWS. p.
Dl
Dublin Nation, July Sth re
The third annual report of St. Patrick's ha
Training School, established in the neigh- th
borhoodof this city by the bishopsof Ire- to
land, has just been issued, and is of a most in
satisfactory character. Last year there were mi
59 men in the institution-50 intended for so
ordinary National Schools, and 9 members th
of religions communities in charge of th
schools for the poor not io connection with ac
the National Board-and the foads pro- be
vided by the diocesan collections met all e
expenses. We may add that the number bl
of trained teachers already sent out by St. re
Patrick's is about 100, and that the ae- es
counts received from those teachers are pe
extremely gratifying. 1
be
The lightness of the criminal business tr
continues to be the chief feature of the be
proceedings at the assizes. In most places gr
the calendars make mention of but three wi
or tour cases, while in Limerick city the ia
presiding judge was presented with a pair
of white gloves. The only sentence of T
death passed, sofar, has been that pro
nounced at the Tyrone assaiee upon
Thomas Price, a man of sixty years of age,
who poisoned his wife. As a matter of
course, some queer doings are reported of
various grand juries. Thus the Queen's Ia
County grand jury last week refused to bi
pass a presentment for the support of three B
Catholic children sent in the way provided dg
by the Act of Parliament to a local indus- pi
trial school. We learn without surprise di
that the jury contained only one Catholic, in
although eighty per cent. of the population B
whose money it administers is of that re- B
ligion. fe
In accordance with a resolution arrived ai
at last week at the Castlr, and noted' in our in
last issue, the Crown counsel at the iffird w
asseies on Saturday applied for a postpone- I
ment to the next asesizes of the trial of the ci
prisoners charged with the murder of Lord d,
Leitrim and his two servants. The appli- It
cation was grounded on the affidavit of the ci
conaty inspector, who said that within the it
last three weeks he had received material ci
information against the prisoners which he
had not yet had time to sift, but which w
would be forthcoming at a subsequent E
period. Counsel for the prisoners contend- b
ed that the proceeding.was concected, as an ti
indirect means of changing the venue, and s
considering that "the next assisee" will be
the Winter asisoze, and that they may be .
held in Tyrone for the despatch-ofDonegal re
business, there appears to be some founds- f,
tion for the charge. Baron PFitgerald, lI
however, refused to take account of inten- ti
tion, and acceded to the request of the b
Crown. We may add that one of the four .
men committed for trial in this ease by the a
magistrates have been discharged on bail tl
at the instance of the Castle lawyere. a
sIlons or Le li
Our readers will be glad to perceive, 3
from reports printed in the present and v
in some recent issues of the Not#e. that a
in some at least of the Irish conetitnen- n
cies there are signs of a popular awaken- t
ing to Ie requirements of the existing J
Ssituatio , and the exigenoies certain to t
come upon them in the near future. In c
Tipperary a move in the right direction s
has lately been made, the result of which c
e will surely be to prevent all chance of f
another seizure of one of the beats for the a
coaoy by a Tory. In Dublin city a move I
meet is afoot wsich, though not directly I
connected with the Hems :SPle orgaoiz- t
h tion, promises fairly to effect a great im- a
r- provement in the representation at the
6 next election. Wexford is wisely prepar- t
ing to carry out a much-needed reform;
e and, judging from the article which we t
in copy from our influential and patriotic
is cotemporary, the Dundalk X7catoera-; it is t
n, happily evident that the good and true
'; men of "the Gap of the North" intend to
a do better for the Home Rule cause at the
of nett election than, owing to no faust of r
d theirs, tht-y were able to do- at the last. I
In King's rounty also thert> is a promise
w_ of a change for the better. But what of
h- Cork city, what of Carlow caunty, what of
id Westmeath, what of Galway, Monaghan I
v. and other places t That they will bestir
is themselves later on we fully believe : but
the sooner they begin to move, the easier
wis ill be the accomplishment of the patri
e otic duty which they owe-to themselves
and to the Irish nation.
We know, and every Irishman knows,
he that some of the men whom it is dtesirable
in to clear out of the Irish representation are
i professing Home Rulers. They are men
at who are quite willing to give an anhnal
at vote in favor of Home Ratnle, and perhaps
en to vote also in favor of some other popular
ed Irish measures. The objection to those
rg. gentlemen is that they will not really wucrk
it- for those reforms. Their hearts are not
o- in these things. They fulfil the bare letter
of their obligations by voting for the
his measures they promised in their election
si, addresses to support, and the3 sometimes
; go so far as to make a speech or two in
err favor of them, but yet the whole tenor of
in their conduct goes to show that they do
a- not really care if the gaining of Home
ry RIle should occupy a hundred years, or if
try t never should be gained at all. It is
i true that Ireland was glad to get these
h men at the last general election; but that
Swas because she hoped for better things
ug from them, and because they took the
r places of men from whom she had no hope
at all. At the next eleetion she will be
re- wiser, and she will be fully justified in
ted seeking to effect a still further reform in
i0 tbhe force to whom she commits the high
lg and onerous daty of doing battle for her
in rights in the House of Commons. The
t. Irish Parliamentary party is a political
Smachine which was constructed at the
the last election, and set to work we might
D in almost say experimentally. Years of tri
on- al have shown its strong and its weak
ier points. Far from condemning it, the coun
ber try regards it as a most hopeful posses
by sion, but sees that it needs to be repaired,
ito improved and strengthened. Ireland has
5re got to withdraw those bars and cranks and
w. heels which do not rightly perform their
a in own functions, and which are little better
on than drags on the rest of the machinery.
The There, for instance, is that "old English
th genotleman." not of the "tine" but of the
ala coarse va'iety, Sir George Bowyer;-who
can fancy for an instant that he means, or
ever meant, to put himself to any trouble
pr to obtain Home Runle for Ireland Y There
Isog that other English gentleman, of a muob
more-respectable type, Lord Robert Mo- ed
tagu-doee anyone suppose he is going to pa
fight the British Goveroment night and qv
day, up and down, as it must be fought bi
in the interests of Irish Home Rule Is CI
Mr. George Morris going to do it, or Ser- h
geant She, lock, or Mr. Nicholas Dan Mar- wi
phy, or Captain King-Harman, Or Mr. it
Dlgby, or several others whose names will at
readily occur to the reader T No, they to
have no such intention, they will put w
themselves to no such trouble, they will
take on themselves no such worry and
inconvenience. A much less trying and
more comfortable system of Parliamentary
action accords better with their tastes. But
the "fair and easy" system which pleases
them will do no good for Ireland. Energy nf
and earnestness must be thrown into this hi
business in order either to win or to de
serve success. The half-hearted, the fee- ci
ble, and the dishonest members must be of
removed from the representation, wher- dl
ever that most desirable operation can be G
performed, and their places filled with
men of action. Let the constituencies at
but set themselves spiritedly to this pa-l
triotic work, and they may rely on it that
before the next Parliament shall have t
grown to the age of the present one they hb
will have a brilliant reward for their h
labors. h
The Late Moet Nov. George Conroy, D D, Bishop
of Ardagh and Clonmaentse, and Papal Able.
gate to the Dominion of Caeda.
2. Y. Irish American.
A dispatch from St. John's, Newfound- ri
land, received on Monday of last week, i
brought the sad intelligence that the Most
Rev. George Conroy, D. D , Bishop of Ar
dagh and Clonmacnoise, Ireland, and Pa- a
pal Ablegate to the Dominion of Canada,
died suddenly on Sunday evening, 4th g
instant, of synoope, at the residqnce of
Bishop Power. He had been the guest of
Bishop Power from June 27, and was suf
fering for some time from inflammation of
the langs, but had apparently recovered, b
and on Sunday morning was pronounced
in a condition to travel with safety. He
was considered one of the ablest of the
Irish Bishops, and had, attracted the spe
cial notice of the late- Cardinal Francbi
during a short visit paid by the latter to
Ireland a few years ago, which was the
cause of bis being entrusted with the very
important mission to Canada, in the dis- t
charge of which he visited the New World.
Dr. Conroy was a native of Dundalk,
where he was born December 31st, 1832.
His early studies were made in Armagh,
but at the age of seventeen he was sent to
the College of the Propaganda, in Rome,
where, after a six years' course, during
which he grbatly distinguished himself, be
was ordained to the priesthood, and on his
return to Ireland was appointed to a pro
fessorship in All Hallows Missionary Col
lege, near Dublin. There he remained
till 18g6; when Cardinal Collen, attracted
by his admivistrative ability and learning,
appointed him his private secretary. FPr
several years Dr. Conroy fofliled not only c
the onerous duties of this position, but
also occupied the chair of Theology in
Holy Cross Seminary, Clonl ife, and super
intended the editorial management of the
eish. Eo~olesiaticl Becordl In 187l he
was appointed by Pope Pins IX., Bishop
of the united dioceses of Ardsagh and Olon- i
macnoise, and on April 11th of that year I
he was consecrated in the Cathedral of
Armagh, of which ecclesiastical province
these dioceses form a part. The two dio
cases thus. placed under the spiritual jurie
diction .f the young prelate are am sg the 1
oldest in Ireland. That of Ardagh was
founded in the middle of the fifth century,
and Clonmacnoise about a century later.
Each hies been distinguished fora long
line of pious. realones and patriotic IEihops,
thoronghly devoted to religion, charity i
and education.
Bishop 2onro3's administration, fror-,
the first, was marked by the same energy,
discretion and wisdom which had ebarac
term3ed' himin subordinate positinons. His. I
visitations were frequent and e-act, nd I
his efforts to promote Catholic education
among 'll classes untiring. When. oi ac
count of some administrative drfierences I
which had sprung up in the Church in Can
ads, the Sovereign Pontiff resolved to send 1
thither alegate, with a view to their ad
justment, Bishno Conroy was chosen ;
f and-on May 31, 1877, he left Irelant for the
f new seene of his labors. His first )flbeial
act on this continent was the consecration
of the Most Rev. Dr. Hannan. Archbishop
of Halifax, N. S., on Sonday, May 20, 1877.
r tom thence be proceeded to Quebec,
Montreal, Ottawa, and the cities of Upper
a Canada, remaining for some time the
guestef the Most Bev. Dr. Lynch, Arch
bishop of Toronto, Everywhere he was
a the recipient of ovations in extent and
e splendor unequalled on this side of the At
Slantis ; his own well known merits, as
I well as the dignity of his office as repre.
s sentative of the Head of the Church, evok
r ing the most intense feelings of enthusiasm
e among the Catholic ipopulation. The de
Smeonstration in Montreal was especially
t imposing; the streets of that city were
r beautifully decorated, and the procession
e which passed through them numbered over
n eight thousand persons, while tens of thous
as nds lined the sidewalks. In Toronto and
n other western towns, his presence was also
1 the signal for grand Catholic displays; and
o during his sojourn at the Seminary of our
5 Lady of Angels, Suspension Bridge, New
f York, his reception was of the asme cord
is ial and affectionate character. Diring his
e stay here Dr. Conroy was the recipient of
t many addresses, the most notable being
s that presented to him, on the 2.33 of Janu
e ary last, at the residence ot the Rev. Ed
e ward Corcoran, pastor of St. Joseph's
e church, Pacific street, Brooklyo, by a
n number of priests on the American Mission
n who had been among his former students
h in the College of All Hallows. The lament
r ed prelste likewise delivered several ser
e mona on the doctrines, discipline and
Il present fliotions of the Church, all reo
e markable for profoundity, clearness and
t eloquence. His style was classical an.d
i- severe, rather than ornate or rhetorical ;
k but what it lacked in grace and beauty was
- more than supplied by the precision with
a which he stated his propositions, and the
d, artistic method with which he drew biscon
as clusions.
d Dr. Conroy was a man of midd:e stature,
,ir stout, hale and hearty; with round and
or full face and forehead broad and sloping
'y. high. His smiling features indicated the
h possession of a kind heart ; but the quick,
he sesrching eye, the determined, firm lips,
o denoted that a master will resided within.
or In conversation be was careful, brief, and
le critical; his wealth of information poured
Ire forth in a steady out fliw that brooked no
b inlterroption save what socitbility deomati¶
e.. He wasin every sense, a 
possessing all the powers, Zi #
qualities which his position required,1
his los is one of the heaviest the Irlh
Churoh h r eustained in many years
he lived, his advancement to highdR.
wasalmost assured ; but Providence we¶4
it otbherw'se, and be has beena a
away in the vigor of his manhood modA.
tellect, to receive his reward in the bLtt'
world.
GENERAL BCOITT 8 DAUQBTE
THE TBRE STORY OF HER LOVE AND 8l
ENTERING A CONVENT.
In the gossip which followed the
nouncement that General Sherman',
had le for Europe to become a.
priest a story was told of the
circumstances attending the careerepl
of General Winfield Scott'e dgh
died in the Convent of the Visitatl
Georgetown. This story was a e
that Miss Scott fell deeply in Iov
attache of a foreign legation, who t
sincerely in return. The match was i.
posed by General Scott, and through '
instrumentality broken off. She we.i
heart-broken to a convent, and he prepe
himself and was admitted to the prieel
hood. In course of time he was order*
to Georgetown College, and a portion e
his duties consisted in hearing the confts,
sions of the nuns at the convent. On -
of these occasions Miss Scott knelt is
confessional to her former lover. Egj.
recognized the other. She fainted, west
into a rapid decline and soon died. Rl
left the country.
The true story of the affair as relate s
a friend of the family of General Sott is
much less romantic than the. tale of ihs$
gossips. Nearly forty years ago Mrs. G
eral Scott was living in Paris with
family, the younger daughters being pa
in the Convent of the Sacred Heart.
moved in the highest circles of P
society, and her efdest daughter was kan
because of her exceeding beauty and,
ture as "La belle Americaine." A F
man of excellent family and conside
wealth fell in love with Miss Scott.
affection was reciprocated and with
conset of Mrs. Scott an engagement
marriage wts. made. In visiting the
vent of the Sacred Heart, where
younger sisters were at school, Miss
became deeply impressed with the
life of the Sisters. In a cemparati
short time she was converted and d
mined to devote her life to the Oh
She sought and obtained a release
her engagement. What became of
lover is not known, beyond the fact
he never left Europe. He was reported
have joined a religious order in
Miss Scott returned to the United S
with her mother shortly afterwards,
was admitted to the Convent of the V
tion at Georgetown. She was in del
health when, on the 2,ad of October, l
she received the habit of the novice,
on the 26th of August, 1845, she diet
consumption.
LZEAENING O READ AND TO WRITB
LANG OUA6E OF THE EMfERALD ISL
N. Y Sun.
A long hall on the second fAir of
Bowery serves as the school room of
r New York Philo Celtic Society, and
f all who desire it may be taugbtto read
a speak the Irish language at an expense
only twenty-five cents a month. The
clety is in niourishing condition, and
e branches in Brooklyn, Jersey City,
Elmira. It was opened on the 2nd ofJ
and in its two months of existene
attained a membership in this city of
180. Instruction is given in the Bo
room every Wednesday and Friday ev
ing, and there is a meeting every Sun
afternon. The average attendance
about 80
The society's principal teachers are
David O'Keefe. who, trhirty years ago,
e a distinguished Irish scholar, and has ms
by arduous study, added largely to
knowledge; Mr. Timothy F. Hal
President of the society ; and Mr. Edo
SO'Keefe
.The clae, of student in attendance
d night was unexceptionable. All were
dressed, and they evinced a surp
earnestness in studies. One oftheby
e of the society provides that there shall
1I no political or religions discussions is
n room, and the studente showed no in
p tion to argue upon any other subjeci,
7. gave their whole attention to acq
c, knowledge of the Irish language.
,r Among the pupils was Mr. "D
1e Burns, better known in the Assembl
. "The Member from Sligo." He b
e "soolaire cliste"--sat least that is the
d way in which the words in the "first
"t- signifying "expert scholar," can be
as in English. He speaks hisnative Is
e. very well, but is not quite profit
k. writing and reading it. He is pr
m the oldest pupil. The youngest iss
e- little girl of seven years, the daugb
ly Mr. Edward J. Rowe, the Correspos
re Secretary. Last night, she spelled
n way through portions of the '"irst
or with a rapidity and correctness thai
s. some of her older classmates stare.
ad But the best pupil among thb begs
so strangely enough, is not an Irishman.
d is Mr. H. Pomeroy of Brooklyn, a -
br born American, who two months
w attacked the Celtic tongue with an
d that has already placed him in the
is rank of the school, and promises ere
of to make him a proficient Irish echol0r
g can already, his classmates say, write
u- read the language.
d Some of the ladies in the school are
a's readers and writers, but they desire
a quire acorrect pronunciation. Mr.
on instructed a large class of pupils Is5
te in spelling, and put them through
at with a cooscieotious rectitude thast
r have made them feel grateful that
ud are only seventeen letters in the
e- alphabet.
d At the lower end of the hall was s
d c!as--not that its members were pa
l; larly young, but they were rather
as ward in their learning.
;be I AD~luvrl.NLcIP4 NKA'1' UV
SqURI3S One0 Twoi Ulu
BIJ'th.f NY''D ,
re, One ............... I s: ' K
end Two.............. l 3I
Then.....4 . .. .. 0 b
og ftesr...-.......... t0-- 1 70 n d0
P , Thrty............ .. TO--- r
tilt 3n..---- yO 130 I1:
tn. Trouuiat &4vrtIlesmOt * 10 pr"
ind oestles
red cahuwwrWi t.·osalr~em*. AA
nu, wmUs aa&+e a1 nto
IS ~·u~+

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