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irmling Star and CathoellI Vung'.
ar-w as & s s.r rs1a eZNZRAL RmEWS ITEMS. The Cologne 'as says that for years there ta not been enc a L.ve'y e~asoC o the RLt e. SUB!ibmen and Amer.chae are -u*noaLry no- : tmot Von Arr;m, Pr:noe B.samrck'e v.:tim. ae boott in Bhbem arn esMtae which cmr fer' sead to the Lec.dtag. and, :t ia thoogt.; w .. a lat.ral -Jd :n Atar:a. Petween a Swirs watchmaker and a Swas o: -am. ta watch bas been devreed the d:a of la we. ,t wil. be phosphorecent, so that as n:ght rt.tedark is w:ildistLacLJ show t eho.. 1t A erc of the er. Iord Sidney G dc:ht:m-a r)eborce for may years a otat .e contnb:tor -a the Loodon T1ee, nder the s goatore `S .i. 0.-'. has jost seeded :. the Ct.lrc of, Tb. captain of a L:do. ex-:.e.o0 st'emer ~re -trne. waee reoet: t.rongL.t p for ca.rr- oo: .atr12 passengers on Sa::rda), Aognet when tae boat was c"::y ..eeed for . S.r ber;:S- l zx- Phil:;. f:ted Lwa S2 q Severtai nrcLre at Ra:e:gh \. C. are de- u ;,:aced to be grada:a.y lw.eg tte:r tack cobor, i ecG St.. : r::.nO phtce:otte:s arstnbotod toa -t, p3=..a:.:.ee of the C:::k.:4-wae: := a: w.. . the :Ler of Mr J. P Prs.r.e. :Te mot resarksabe fa: .=g cff rerrde-: ' -fe .oazstce. :ataxy :anel Mr. N :co. Jr. f --e r..t &d nas Bareau clcfta:st.oa. f, a the import of ra.::roa- 'a. b , ' !- :a: . ;:: 7 a :n 1r3 Lae faILe: "t. : .e 1 ea~c..~ of :- ;t hae bee: genor:. e-:p:-MYt ta: t:. ,''e*e' ' ;a lries deerthon'rds * ext:L:c. :: :-- .i t - b a spe.mer was et.xb.t.A- at t: e Nat.:a: Dog sk- - . ":.'.:.. and took the ýi.st p: z i tn e !t rae:.aceons :.ass. In genea:L a;.;eara:ce it -w..b.ed •a t-agnl tct aoejnn.d, :ot w I a" Y-e osa,.T'e. F.re Ira=;e reckle sey re..: -.1 to captJre 1o rte'o-, O.: They c arcLed .:' the v:::age Ses-rh:; t.o.be, terr f d a few women, rd t.gan to p...aze a store. Taer tr:m;h was .,.ro Toe a .agers ga0tered .: force. str:p- P 00 :e2 ;;per ten. nto: a barre of tar. 0 't e-. them .- Se d. add !.-Tre .L: Cut of I t cr- . IP o,_nes. e "eph E J.t:to:. thoogh e.xty- f . ye ars c . and bearu:ng ops: t.. body the w r..eA` of tieve: wocL.a is as oe .rglhty as a B -a. Of fyrt. t ::a:glt as an arrow and a famous oI wt:ker, w.t a stordy and j::ck step. Hisra ya. a bright and searc.i:g and Le is a plea- b tr ¢Iser, thoagh aa a. craos r w:'.toat the - rk of !ae:ey. .,a:t Bernhardt, the eni,:e:t French act o -, as made the dicovery of a rew core for c4 L-.: te langs and bea:h She pasaes tours t . w daily t sooessive aseee sors :n the cap .+e baloon of the Tcleriee gardens, finding t x re and more heaiog for her shattered health u se delicate ongs, as well as general reinvig U revs o the higher she risee. Lt cs nine has ~dvanced in price 0: ::t is tow it h-gter tsan - bt s before been 1 this oulctry t] sar the war. This is atr-.buted not only t. I 1 !es spread of swlaria: d:asse, bot to toe far. .ag d of t3e a.pply of bark, owing to troubles a aorng the Soath American tr:bes of I:dians, wo are the pr:ecipal gatherers. They have -..pped to bark for eight or Line months. I eyap aSys tiat at Newtor, I,. the other a sy, where Mr. James F. Wi.so: was adver .ad to speak. an itnerant vender of qack aredicae was found so form:dab'e a oo. peti. e that the managers csered L.m $S to leave a ec obaiie aquare and gre t:e s::rer-tOngOed e .wat.r a crsce. The pedd.er ex:ngn.sLed t r.e to-= ari se l;ed h:st ngte: the orat--r gg.:a an a:..ete. aod the narag-s Lhave:': yet pa d Over te $r. C -n t::e M. .std R;atwa. E£a-.ad, wh, a tavea:er toys a ticke t he . g.; en a bil of fare a. wt.e h :k cft what: e woid ::ke f>rk I rz2w ,- in:Ot and at what refr-eeb·ert eta on nset wood i:ke to have hi teal. He eigt S '-ame aim the rca.ber of La t.cket to tre `Si ..wt-: : te.legraphe" -- no sa wteo :e r -..ea.e focs a tao ae s-read fr La pa , the wrp5 o' e t .b.h an. d the o:r: c r*ses : -eat.' a . a6 ..e Os.... CUM. _". J.a rr.-. or CoC: 0.. :torny. w c: wu,; .e :C O.0t0 «.eaes.ot C-! $4 ,... :*.' .y t :e eeceery G.! petro.enm c. L-. ot:.er ee a. oesat wor::sews Pe:osy.vat.a farm, c::7 to I t ae po-r ag:o tLro=at. w:d elxtrar b,,.n . ow a sa It: t a4e.t or 0:e A:*at:e C a Goreat Weemrn RBa::r,4a It hae g:;c't I.e drak-r, asrd tarrks t.at :e :s at: m.c weee f·on exper.e:Oe tn. re wo0 :,t =eet acc:etr !Crtore .1 he C.-..d get :r . 0L .e :e r.e:er :c-3o ehep fLr ocmfor: t: in' i1i o.o oe e-o..ra t ow . ta- w.t L. t:.e .as twer.t; .orer yeas $14 c:rt:ers haL .ee: weat to ice State pr.oo.-8. af them Lor ..fe and the rmander for from one tc twetry t-' ea. Ot.e hbdred have _:eo ptarded. (2 avse been released .n otter saes il Lare c;:" tr eone to ay toame for the taste, and 131 are ai: ton rson. Three years acd rn o..t, t as etsmated. i the average term for a con vretd anrderer in I;rnotu. Tbe Germacs an San Franc:sco amiber forty b.asad. and elsewhere on t oe Pacnfi onst there are tnorty thoanend more. Tney are 4re y interested in politiee and stock speeo ataoo. San F: ancisoo has two German daily wpapepers asd five weeklies, two of the latter bang :i-strated. The GOrman element as argesy (g-en to agriculture and stock raaisng. Many, howvecr, lead a seafaring life. mocb of the eastn;g trade being in the bands of Ger wen eb:p owners and agents. Tbe Cbi:.amen in San F.ancisco, despite tseor v:l.latio of some of the commonest sarn stey roles, are a healthy cras. The vitated atv of the.r sleepieg kennels does not seem to aseet hben unfavorably. Toe San Francisco .amwtsar says that their good health is d e to teamnranoe in eating and drinking. Their strongeet r-verage is tea. and they eat very i:'..e ric: food. Their simple fare mahok them ro::L re :leas xygen. They are free and fre -ean:, too, : te nee of soep aend water. t He g- z'le are notademoratrat re people; rnypty, . the abstract, does not t rspire them a o ; eot' ainte admiration or rerspect ; their •xt:r-.::' are democratio, and they incire to :te telief tha: one man is as good a soother, A. a great dal btter, t, o. They are aooa -t~tal, al-so. to see their K:ng stro:itng about ss-og them in a astmw bat and the plainest "nro ing dr ss, to run up against him at street =aroers, and to only bob semi-apologetic-lly when they happen to tread upon his lame foot. 'I~.eatir.g is defined by the Canadian Elec tton law as 'the giving or. prorilt:g, or paying w'holly or in part any ezpe~nsee tLcrred for amy meat, drick, refreehment, or provision to or for any person, in order to be etected or for e(ng elected, or for the purpose of corruptly :tteenolog each person, or amy other person >: give or refrain from giving his vote at esch .ttLton," and is made panishabile by a fine of -uro hundred dollar. A similar penalty at *-ohse to bribery, which inolodes the promise :4 an omce, whether,the promise is intended to an kept or not. Fnrnlishtng vehicle to bring ibshers to the polls is likewise made illegal. Thbs French military instructions provide t·at If the commending ofloer or instruct r "io ie drUlhog the troope maka a mistake and gvern the wrong order the troops shael noct bay it The Oermans, on the contrary, insisi "trt Os matter how nnlooked for or absnrd -.~t.e rder is ,t shall be obeyed, and their cB e-. even make a point of sometimes giving oag orders so as to test the men. The ?'.'h argue that if the men halt the ofloer wri Aimuedisnoly peroeive that something is 'wcog and be able to give the cocreet command withoeut having to straighten hie oompany or athLtoe. The Germmam declare that the oem macder is reponsible and in arers most at ti once be obeyed without bmsitatio. no matas it what the ooeqeaeea; also tbat it wald be r datgeror. to esoarsg the men to reltew tbe,r o:ders or to get Irto the sab.t of doing everythnrg ore way. For some t:me back the attention of Firem' p cp:"a etL has been d:ricted to A'gert as a Dr:ce of aadeveo'ped revents. T:e .a:;te -:itrprise nadertaker is t-e work.tg of the ,rest :at lake of A:sew, whch covers a area L if e40 saperfcia hec:are. Th:a rest .sra:d m ta is fed by ocrcee rs.rg := the ,:anta a. t. ender the basz.:g Afr:ca: aon. :ts ed :s eft n dry in secmer, whet abo-t three r..i>r tons of ca eaCo be ezxtr:ed w-thont mo-. lsab>r oa cot. CUder the d:rec:o" of the prme--t sergetic Gover:cr of the c:o=yo cther :==d:- P trie are bei=g ro4oted :in £ger.a with es celent prospect of socies A BOPEFUL SIG.Y. T It Lut..s Tacc JUag: a P. At :;rcder: which took ;,:ace in B::fau et on Sat:rday :ut hu exc.ted Co emas. de- o: rete of interet: arrc:z t:e f...erd of Ire- c: la-d. The to:ng wan good in teself, but the hi guretion is. was it a.eo a promise of good of t:ptre to comet A ..:tie streak of Ight on cf the :.oorzn may be a nBater ofto e:g-if-t cance, cr it may ;, a we:come indication of w a ca.". .ad g:o:: :s day : the appearance off of :!.e d :e to .NVa-' wr.tl toe cive branch it r ,: m,=.:_ c.ig: ot have excited Lry pro- t :u:d -.r ra ::ro:e fte.::g oun:y tha: t was so an er.de:ce that the waters ut the De-:re ce were to;e:d:: . ad O whet w- read t:-a: th a pr:eeea:O t f roteitatt operatti-e pa-e- Ci Ed c-o-t te Etreeta of Be.faet Come days of , it t tzh:b::_g p-arty La er-. pc .:. _: a8r::c artCy te2, w:t'oa: :tern ng I-ar:y cra!. La!, . n the contr-ary. ta:trg a some pa:z t o evince a fried: a d coc:1- c iatory ep:r;: t:.ward tut.r Ca:h~i.c fe':ow- ha towremen, we are deposed to ark is this in onry a e:-g:a: occr::::r ce, &gn:fy:- wi not.:r;-. or .e:r : deed a bl.-c- omen ha :ehl.:rg that the etorms and f~ods cf go arty etr.fe are abat:rg. and that the l;ght co of a ca~.cr ace " :.cr :i:e :e dawning on w the h:. ac a of U.'ter t For our fa! pazt we are::.::ed o take the most hope- fi i. v.ew of the c:rc::etance. Time was :hi when te eL:pwr:ght: of "*Tre Island," thi Be:fast. were rtgard,-d a the reserve force do of the Orange b.,dy,.iab.e to be cah!ed .n =:t h n mwane whLeever their quarreleome ho brethren in tie :own after having got up a ho not were far:cg bradly in it. Bot latterly re' the fact became coticeab:e that, owing to one reanao or another, or to several reasona combiced, the Orange rowdyism of Belfast ad to fight its battes withtot the aid of d the sbipwrights. These men showed an onw:l!:ngnesr to join in every sh:ndy got up by the corner-boys of the town, or to Lake part in the dirty work of stone-throw- Lr ing and window-breaking. They are for fro the moe: part steady men, employed in skil.ed labor, and :n receipt of good wages. Education as pr:,bably been advancing among them, and, in ep:te of some adverse c:rc:msetancee, good enee seems also to have beer mak:ng way. How far the im provemert Lad progressed very few were .ware .Lt., the demonstration of Saturday es last came ofL and showed the ordered ranks ev of the e-ipwrighta marching through the 6n streets d:sp .a:cg only their trade bacters, ethio:ting no party emblems, and having tLer- a cha :o a :erz.ate the strains of "God re save tLe Qeer" it:L '"St. Patrick's Day." d 1: e are q:rte aware that certain special oh c::c=mstalcrce may have had a good deal to d w::. :rd:c:ng the ahipwrights to Cado,: -:e ove: course. The Mayor of .iteL: ' ~: ' pb:.c proc:amation Lad forb:d- t dec a Ct .o..c I.r-ceesion which was to of are c.-e ef cF the 15:c of Angus:. By t way cf mraki:g matters even between the :::e : t .~~sed aco:l ter proc:amation for- o d^ : t--e :,te.t:art procession which a':' - .-- way : :LC p:cclamation anLd t,-L t t-t.: . :rcded demonLtration. Or TL. P ,r'.r-'aL:- whet the.: turn came a'e-d ve- d.A £eret y. Tak.c; advantage i of tLe fact :hat te Cart::.:cs if Belfat were r0: deLOt:.c. g or :rratter:ng them, they ar: ed that t'ere was rc danger of a breach .f -., ; ea-r, and tha :tre proc amat.on was a t cc: - v:t.:y .gL,.: sod they declAred ":,a: t'.y teo ".d -i.l t" e.r prtce~-son -in dn.tece f ary !-,:ce the Mayor sm:ght em p. f: .._ e:; ;.reo co. Toerenpon esn -: -r:. :'aa.L; '.. .r. op L.:-r.S on both L .dce. T e we.. k:wn Mr. J-hn Rea cc:Le'.ed the ., at geme:-. to stand fast by . u g'e.: t.geoe as c:: teas. to m.eet and marc0 , :r :esceas:e procec:o-n as often and over as raty m.: e of ground as t.ey pleased; the Mayor sught for adv.ce from Dub::n Cantle, and there he learned that the pos tion he had taker. cp was somewhat shaky, and that he had better retreat from. it as quickly and as gracefully as e cou.d. Acting on th:e h:,t the Mayor withdrew h:a pr-claaat..o., a..egi:g that Li reason for so do:ng was toe peaceab.e aspect of affeair :L the boroght. and coLteCd:cg that Lis previout prohlbi::on of toe Ca:ho:.c procession was an equa:.y proper ac:, be canes the asiect of afa:rs at that t:me was not peaceas.e. I: was wLt.e this qurat:or of the lega::ty of the ::trnded demoretra- 1 tion was cuder d:scuse:oL that the charac ter whLich that demonstration was to take i was cocside red and derided on oy ::e pro moters, and it is Lot ucreasena~:e to sop pose that the special c:rcnmetancee of toe case Lad some htare :n :cuc:ncg them. t_ g:ve itastr.ctr y trade aspect, ard to etxc clude from it everyth:og of a p-r:y ctarac ter. The idea prosba.ly oc,::0ed to a- me of the organ:sers ofl the ta:: :taty carry ing trade emboe-ns o:y :n thLe poea. ., by tL ~osab:r the :'w Ca::.o: c mer.errts of tie trade , .n ;:t raCks, t.y eeclewi.g party ntes c, sad by p-r:artr :rg a . :r:er vate "'Gd Cavre t:e Ia*. a: ' *:.IPat rick's lay," tLhe Mayor aodh L.e precama t on wo -.d ble Ipot zw.::s.e:te-y te wro g. Even ift t:ed..ga Lad ceoL:g'.er m tre, ;t deserved the succese w.th w-;e. it was I crowed. But we are quite w.:.cg to be hiere there was iure It .0 tha- a ..aC a. outwit the Mayor. W1e feel certa:r that some, at least, of those who recommended it Lonestly felt that there Lad bee- nore than enongh of party d;p:saye and party distorbancce in Belfast, and that a ; u..c proeesalon devoid of any offene:ve c-arac ter would be a wholesome novety ::. the p'ace, and the begit:uing of a bet'er e:stte of:b th:ngs. And we hold that had there :ot been of late years a conoiderab:e g-ow:h of good sense amongst t:e woreers of " 'The IsL:and," their particlpat:on :n trn' a proceeCLon, no matter for what purpose t its Innocent aspect mright have beer p-nt fon, wu-ld have been Impoe:b:le. I: cc pleaean: to ee wanderers enter:ng cr t'e Sright path. even ;f the:r immed:ate in:te tton etoeid not be all that oold be des.rod. by-and by they may be able to apprecate Sit beauty and it safety. C'eat e prem.r Span qus coul ; the frat step has been taken om tnts icanetnee by the Protestant opera uirs of Tbhe Island, and they will And that it has cost them nothiUn but the esrifoe of acme foolish prejodice, while it has gained them the approval of tl: right-minded men. Of course we do not :mragne that the Protestant and Orange worksen wrho took part in this procession are now abo.t to become Irish patriot: aL:tr our way of mi t:rkig. We :oF k for to act rapid and marTelos truaLs'rmatron. What we tt= k we see in te circnmstances abore narrated is an evidence that the old bitter- an nese of party feeaing in Belfast is toning Ca down, and that a time is coming when the rd poaical and relig.ous difference of the r eop'e of that town aad of other parts of rný U eter will cot be as ever ret:re eane of icrnoos a·-=:set:es 'a d sa g= -ary strife. Tre:e :s to decying that t-± freqte,: see- i. tar-an and party riots of St:fas:. Derry. ;:" Partadown, and otter gpiss tare been a: shame ard a reproach to .ias cocunry. In ~ otter parts of the wor:d there are rarnous r n creeds and opposing parties sa tte-e are br: hero, b:t there are no annE l ce!ebtrs:o=s re of party aciverarie.. no stated date for cff-:e:ve parades and h.e:r icer::ab.e seqnence of murderous cordi.t. MIch wi.. be sa:ced for Ireland when the pepie of the North learn to hold their cp:=iors to w ;nc: seekirg to icoa:t a-d tral:e on Le trcee who d;:!r from them, and whate i some ricts will be waived and soz e con- up cese:ore made for tLe sake of peace and for au the thorr cf the:r common country. The of Cato:lics of .Cater :.are often gven ; roof col of their w.::;gce s to enter o: a= era of pre pcaee and friendeh~ip with their Protestant ist eighbr.", b::t -a ppilys carce a eig- cf a vra e.mi:ar ea' e of e.-.:r appeared on the Tb ctLer e:de. Te.s ,tiered to "bury the ed ha:cLet" they speke words of concihation in 'n peec and so=g : they rn-ingled orange Ct il:2 greet :. their sashes, rcsettee, and to a"nere--tihi they got no return for their Fr getcr:es behavior. But at last there ine c)- es a proof that it was Let altorgeter hie eas:ed. They see marching through Bel- '"a fast a body of men who many a time came lib frth. in factions fate and fury against ha he.m, now st:dionely avoiding all t:ings tof ntat cou.d give them offence, ani even be doing some things calculated to gratify As their fee.ings! Surely they and we may Sn hopefuily hail that sign, and do all we Sn honesly and honorably can to hasten the let re,.,sation of a:: it promises. wa Ba Marstal de MacMabon's resignation in mB sheýc di~gce: two Sears before toe natural no diing out of the Septennate has within these last few days been gravely discussed gal by many of the lead:ng Parisian journal- ani ats. After one or another had spoken out exa frankly enongh on the matter; the possi bility may be said to Lave teen formerly endorsed c, a possibility ~by the Constitu Lior.el the other morning wth a certain air of authority. It directs at:entiuc to the iioi fact of bow thoroughly ts"e Marshal has p. for some time past been detached from Ho politics. The only question which inter- an, ests Lim, it says, is the army. He signs wa everything which his M;nieters choose to lit. aDbmiit to him without a word or a ques- He sion. In truth, it seems to be a fact that del the only occasion upon which he has _t rejected any M:nisterial proposition was one very recently, when he refused to sign the -i decree nominating M. Earneet Renan to Sal the Officerestp of the Legi.n of Honor. It po is, nesidee this, very we;: known that the do; Marse.al bha to relations whatever with pal the M'nistry except those which are abso- , l:teiy necessary. Under these conditions of of d.scouragemect and disgust, the Consti Osi tuloros declares that it woald not be at all the *nrpr:sed if the Marshal resigned in Otto- we ber. I: wnnud. It goes on t, argue, be in boi .. ....... e t * wo,,.d ten be free, epontaneous, and bey- tne cr.d '6. apparent pressure. On the con- ri trar;;, after t:e Senatorial elections in ik Janiary, rre:gna:i onwo::dsetm1i;aeght, sa azd tLe L:.;.;.ing conse.qences or a to dertc:, for ;: is certa:nly admi;tted by the the mcet c;.:im.-t Ce ,servativTe that in Jaen- coi ary the Sena:e wi;l be recruited by such a the nmbe'r c f h sed. voters that a diesointion ig of tLe Ctamoer of Deput:ees w.i hencefor- yit wa:d become an impo-sib.;:ty. Tne most rea marderate statist:ciate calculate thb- :crease in of tie RB-pb ican maj )r;ty in the Senate co, at a mn.u.m of Efteen, which numoer o; wcn.d ce amply se:tciec to render the It .:nor::y qt:te p-wer:ess. If the Marshal ca eton:d res:g in O:tober, the Consrtitutional no cal.s attention to a question which would mi arise ucder those circumstacces. As France fre :s ucder t-e regime of the Septennate, th won:d the new President be nominated a mere:y to com; :ete the present term, which of exp:res in --.., cr wond he be appointed Ti for a new one In the former case, the b, Ccrst.i:urir.e: thinks that M. Dufaure of wo:.l te chosen to succeed Marshal U M i:coc. In the latter case it w.old bea ao r'raoe e etween the partisan of M. Grevy e a-d '~' Garbe:t. cc ai ST:. e o:="bu, Ga., Enr.:rer pictures a tl i br .t f:::re for "the Lowe.: c: t:e Sonth." Ca I: are : "Our mi.,s in the season of 1-72-3 of tkh 7 4.'- ba.ee : in ] e77-- tneir takines ti were 1 7. gain :n five years of 5,3e4 b Toe present seaon they w:., consume at e ea: ~.~, -'' baces. In l_'Y there was not ti .a .:.. ; on:: c.ty : a. were :: ashes, the ii rest.: f o _e F-derai torch, bt: upIn the t! r.:- ave bee: cree:ed superb s:rnc:tres, fi b-o,:::g cf t:le toet in proved mrasctcery a ard er;.ny= tho:eaads of wcr:kmen who earn g.,d w-ag ard he.p Ewel. the busi ie r ft..i ",,r. A. te owners are either a S:ere ,f c .:;.:ere b.:t or toSe of the North a- d g - id ats are f-:.y :dent:.ed with F : a~·,c b .,:te.. alf:ia:i:: and po:;t:cs. W:¢L .~ '-::e w- - cannoto feel a pride in t :te s-ccsi rh or admir:b . establ:ah t r-es9t A e.e.- .e can'a.car. w... show s e :-r.e c aa:c:-car;e e-. e:er Ii' p:.es. < .y w., co-sime 15 ,t. balee of _.::, 1'me tp-1s.t seae-,a. A: ten cents a p -d or r:.7 (::a s a ba: t. cottor, if I :Ie': Ncr::, wrai re7. se $75.'.,: The " a y, -f c:=r cc. wr:d be sent out of the s ap. es. It, however. passes tc ,:g7 r Ct..: s, and on the averane the rs:t .s .cr asted three f3d., r :o $2 25),- I ..,. acd Lc. rcb' drawe srn:ey :Cstead of set -.cg ': o:t fr m Ya: e to Cal.f.rn.a, sfr._:- eSk s t- tte gt .f-- c.ea: ga: of -1 i -'- :h be added t .=r wea.:tL and :-.e -a e--.: of the State " "':. an-.:. .. very w* cc.. . s"E -. Lt: :te .c r..CwOr . t of t r:Le . af risa.: g ar u e: .t wne;r.-s the "s-= - yso: mre L otest. Way do yo patu a ;l t e g0d paeKase on top of the measeure Sand t-e ttls onea below ' Smereason.uhb, n da: makes de front ob or hoouse all marble, San ud d4. buk ga*t ohkt alop br', Nh. E Lzrr5B FROM BOni. f - RomI, Arotrr 26th, le79 3TBE HOLT FATrHER. a His Ho!ices, I rejoice to tell yoo, Las Spassed through the hot season with utdi- b mitished tes;th and vigour. The audien ear granted by the Supreme Pontff have only once been interrupted, and that, as -on will remember, solely by reason of the c sudden and lamented death of the late G iCardinal Secretary of State. They were I I resumed at the earliest opportunity, and b have conatnued since then without iater rnption. Tre sinister rumors aflat as to d the necesi:y of the Holy Father's removal into the country to the Castle Gandolfo ih have at last ceased-st any rate, for the t t:me beinz. Their absueard:ty was manifest, G t a glance, to everyone who had the priv- a ilege of corn g face to face with his Holi- b eus at the very time when they were bra:ted abroad from day to day in the revo:tionary newspapers. A POLTG:.OT MASTERPIECE A A wonderful work is now accomplished. all too late for its exam-cation in its complete- b ness by the late Holy Father. Pius te p Ninth, of immortal memory, saw it growing g up piecemeal, however. He was not merely aware of its being in preparation, he knew a of it as in existence. This is the marvellous b col:ection of the Bali announcing and 7 promulgating the Dogma of the Immacu- a late Conception, translated into an amazing b variety of dead and living languages. a This unprecedented collection in its floa:t- c ed state has for months past been on view cl in the great palace of the Exhibition in the Champs de Mars at Paris. It was intended a to have been cfered as a gift from France to his late Holiness. It will now, instead of that, pass anto the possession of a his present Holiness. It is called the i'-E(vre Pie." It forms a stupendous " library of itLe Immaculate Conception. It tl has been manufactured by Mesare. Chris- Ii tofle and Co., of the Rae de Bondy. It has b been upwards of three years in preparation. C As far back as in the year 1i) toue Abbe ' Sae, D:rector of the Seminary of S:. Sulpice, conceived the idea which has, at t length, been fully realized. His notion ~ was that of forming a collection of tracne lations in all the known languages of the E Baula Ineffbilis, in which Pio iNono for- tl mulated and proc:aimed the Dogma of the o: immaculate Conception. He succeeded in gathering together no less than a hundred 0 and ten volumes, adorned with miniatures and illuminations on vellum of the rarest a excellence, a a A WONDERFUL BOOKCASE. Eleven years ago the marvelloneus collec- si iion of manuscripts above alluded to was o placed in homage at the feet of his late fi Holiness by the Abbe Sue, its projector t and accumulator. That glorious Pontiff was so charmed and delighted with the I, literary treasure thus offered to him as the C Head of the Church that he announced his F determination to place the precious tomes as -to the number, as already mentioned, of 8S one hundred and ten manuscript volumes G -in a superb book case in the centre of the t' Salle de l'Iaimaculee Conception in the t Pontifical Palace. The hall, as you will doubtless remember, is beastified with of paintings symbolising the dogma, the tt floor of the hal. being a mosaic pavement gi of the t:me of Augustus, dis:overed at m Ostia. The Abbe Sue resolved, however, li that France should give the book case as m well as t'.e priceless manuscripts. The book case containing the 1t volumes was, tt ic etre,ýf n, the Messrs. Christofle. It was, in the Feb le ruary of 1=77, when approaching something m like completeness, conveyed to Rome and of submitted to the late Holy Father's inspec tion. There is a comfort in knowing that b the casket, as welli as the treasure it was constructed to contain, was submitted to the scrn.try of his late Haliness. The sight of ench in turn, needless to say, yielded h:m immense satisfaction. On the return of the book case to its makers it was l: in due course completed. It is a huge, ci coastiy. and ornate structu:re, shaped in C some measure like a gegsntic sideboard. It stands on thirty-two supports. richly carved. Its upper sau:ace is inlaid with noble sheets of plate glass, through which may be seen safely enshrised from dust, from touch, and from the outer atmosphere, the inestimable manuscril t . The supports are of amaranth wood-in the very name of it an appropriately celestial timber. I These supports are girdled about with a e bands of ebony. The capitals and claws c e of all the thirty-two are of gilded bronze. 1 Upon one of the lower friezes of the struc tore are enamelled shields, upon which are f emblazoned the names of those who had contriunted to the fund, the fruits of which are now visible in the sumptuous form of c a this grand book-case, with 1ts polyglot collect:on in painted, gilded, and gorge- I 3 one.y decorated oianuecript. A sort of rs trellis work cof ;bral enamel with creamy L blossoms and verdant foliage links escutch it eon to esac:cheon. And in amongst the t tracery of the -iwers and frondage are let .e in here and there the loveliest mosaic e these moss:ca beoig the only portion of the s, fabric concutrbuted by P:us the Ninth him y se;f. TLey are, need.ess to say, master ,o pieces wrougt on' in the unrivalied work - stops of te Vat ican. They rep:esent. er approFpr a:t:y enoug, ocaiittea, dear to th te hear: of tn-e aLe Christiau world, in I h Pdaes:;-re. They depict, besides the Mcther I SChrc ~ n Rome, the !argest and most vereera ie basl':ca .n the Capital of Chris- I ttrdoc. Toere is tle Church of Santal w/I aria Magg :o-e. Yonder is the Church of rI Snta Mar:a i: Trasrtevere. Some of the of pane.::gs encrus:i-g this wonderful a book c.- are !of the rarest Serres porce if la:=. ThLre are fonr of these representing te Europ*, A:-a, Af!rica, and America, all of be which are of.-r.cgs from the hand of the Stbirst lady in F:ance, Madame the wife of he the Mareta:-Pres:dent of the Republic. ,- Besides a. :: e ador.ments I have a!reaic 1 ad enun.erat ,: co.spicuonuly noticeable on ta, h:s grge- i'ok case-whch l.a. for of mo.trs, :- , been prominent amor g the nd wonder. of tL. Paris Ezbibition, prior to tt.- peerieta casket and its conter.t being conveyed to the Vatican-there are two -. ard-twen:y moet cr.n-is medallions, mu . Cs, cI or ename.s, every one of them, notlin 5 prec:oca .:nste., but in precious wood- · ser.da:, bee-wood, c.c., doing the wor., .here, cf !I; --Lz:.i., porphyry, and ctler rich calcarc- - ormations. Ideal repre at sentati" b. introduced in the structure a| of the Hebrew fabricator of the Tabernacle ]i and of the patron tsaint of French Go:d sislf. FAMOc8 IISBHME S. Sir Eyre Cooe, whom Mansalay juotly stylee TI "one of the mowt distinguished soidiers of his time," "eonspicuoos among the founders of the British Empitein India," who with the minority advised Cive to Ight is the famous council of war wkich preceded the battle of Piasey, who best the French at Wandiwash, and gave the Carnatic to England, was the son of a Limer ict gentleman. S:r Philip Francis, almost certainly the author of "Juniml' Letters," w om Maoaulay styles "the ablest member ofthe at council,' when Warren Heings was Governor tL General, was the eon of a Dblin minister, Sir m William Jumper, who was Sir George Roakes a bee: cffler in the reduction of Gibraltar, was i a Cork man. B.akeney, who made the eplec- rT did but unsucesesful defens-ofMinorcasgainst Riehelieu, and whom Admiral Bycg was shot w for not rehlieving, was also a native cf Limer- cO ick. Eyre Masseay, one of Wolfe's ablest Lisa- m tenants, was also an Irishman. So was Admiral m Graves, who received the thanks of Parlia- th ment as Neos,>'s secoed in command at Copen- re haeen. Sir George Macartaey. who shared a with Clive and iastings and Coote, and on not unequal terms, the glory of founding tae Indian Empire. and refused the Governor Generalship in 17-3, was born in the County in Antrim. The soldier and the statesman who, as alter Pitt a death and the innamberable re- an verses by and s'.:ch preceded the Peninsular ch campaigns, broongot the war with France to a lo happy issue. and gave England the wonderfut le prestige with which sae appeared at the Con- h green of Vienna, We:ingtonu and Castlereagh, et were both Irishmen. Wellington's ancestcrs on both his mother's and his father's side had C been settled in Ireland for over three hundred en years. Castlereagbh, whose support it was that h enabled Wellington to conquer, was the son of th a County Down gentle=a. Wellington le brother, the Marqu:s Welleeley-both of them co mak:ng their way up from poverty and obs cnrity-was one of the ablest Governor Gen erals India has ever had, and played for forty years a eonsp:ceons, and. indeed we may say, an iilnctrions part in English poitics. Of' 5 Elmucd Burke we dosnot need to speak. nor of to Sheridan ; b=t it is not generally known that be George Canning was the son and grandson of tit an Irish gen:'eman. Lis father having settled so in London, where Goorge was born, owing to U a family quarrel. -General Rawdon Chesney, fri the explorer of the E:phrates Valley, was an fo Irishman, of the Cocnty Down, where his hardly lees distinguished son, the late Colonel tX Chesney, the weii-known writer on military w sub;ects, was also barn. Sir Henry Lawrence, ro who defended Lucknow during the Sepoy War, ie was an Irishman, and tue son of an Irish Calo- I cel; and General N:ckolson. who fell at Delhi, 6 who ti-st stemmed the tide of insurrection e pending the arr:val of re:nfcncements from England. and whcso death was pronounced at w the time' a tnatonal misfortane," was the ason w of a Dublin doctor. ri: General Pekent·m, who commanded at New m Orleans and fell there, was an Irishman ; Gen- th eral De Lacy Evans, who rose from a sick bed th to bear the brunt of the attack at Inkerman, cc after having been wounded at New Orleans, t and serving on Wellington's staff at Waterloo, and who sat thirty years in the House of Com mons, was a Limerick man also. Sir Garnet Wolseley, the rising General of the British .h service, who has jus: been appointed Governor of of Cyprus, is also an Irishman, belonging to a it family long settled in Wexford. Of seven dis- 5a tinguished Ind an oficers selected by Mr. Kaye pi for one of hie volumes of biography, three- - Pottinger, Lawrence, and Nicholson-were be Irishmen, one Sootch, and only toree English. Captain Crcz:er, the explorer of Sir John 'e Franklin's exped:tion, was an Irishman also; it! and so was t :e other distinguished explorer, fo Sir Robert McC:are. Lord Mayo, who was to Governor General or India for two years prior ut to his aseaasiuat:on in 1!, a td £1i, d the place he in a way which excited expectations such as ti we think none of he predecessors called out, he was an Irishman of toe old Anglo-Irish family of Bourke. Lird DufSrin. who has just left al the Governor Generatstip of Canada, and has given proofs bo:h thers and as British Cam- a missioner in t e reorganization of Syria in th i1%0, of high admicnisttive ab:iity, is an Irish. es man, and Sheridan's great-grandson. is, It is not many years since five of the twelve de Engliih Jndge~ were men of Irish birth, and the prnlot nnLChance e,- li oetdairusir native of Belfast, and universally acknow- d ledged to be one of the two or three ablest men who have Elled bhs position, and an orator mi of rare power, though of cme severer sort. In The organizer of the Irish constabulary, the best body of gendarmerie in exzs'ence, and the irest really efiiet police force which had been seen in Great Britan-' just the kind of to a man.' Sir Charles Napier said. "needed to th govern India'-Mr. Drmmonod. was an Irish- at mac: so, let us add, was Sir Richard Mayme, Ni who organ:red the London Me:repals:an Po- hi lice, which has ,: oe faurnised tie model of at city police all over the Anglo-Saxon world. bt Captain Cruften is til lihvng, the author of t$ tie Irish system of prison dscipliae, which t" has been so s:cesfnol and so celebrated -The 01 hi POdCELAIV-KAOLI.` T From the Baltincre Er=, Paris Letter. 0 I ment.oned the L'mogee porcelain briefly. Let me add a little more : It is an important and valnab:e feature of French Indnetry. It g originated with the discovery of Kaolin, a pro- h Sdet, as I have already pointed out, that Vir- T ginia, Georgia, North Carolina and some parts T of hMarvland could and do after a manner uti li;e. Kaolin imparts to porcelain the trans- ti lucid stone-l:ke character that gives it one of b its beautiee. The Chinessand Japanese knew n f of this power in pottery, and kept it a pro found secret, till "inquirinr- barbarians" dis Scovered it. I am told by the polite attendant f here that one EBt:egar, who baked porcelain it for the Elecsir of Saxony in the middle " f the eighteenth century, first detected how to em oloy kaolin cnder these circumstances. He, l,ke most of tLe proletariesof the period, wore a large, flow.n3, curly wig, a bag wig; this L - wig had beenr dsted with a white powder, as e usual, bt on one occasion with the wrong one, p -, * . kaolin. Some o' this kaolin fell from the i curly wig into soe newly-monldc i plates,and o when they were jbak:.t they came out in u.nsual hardness and b:.:::ane . "E:rea:" quot i i::egasr, 'I have goit :e C*:nese at ,st I From that day kao.n csmo i:ti use in . por:elain manufactore And, strange to add, r L.mogee porcelain to-dsy owrs more of its it com.erclal prosper ti tro an American firm than to a Fre:cc ore Tnis firm, by its cap a I :tl, its tatte and its enterprise, has made the SLimoges ware the :fe of the place, and many a Spoor man's pot s: kep: bhoiing by a beauotifol vase or tarne. I sa told the same could be done in Are::ea if we woold. A. Isaid before, we have a ires' d.a, to learn even from the " 'potter's fici ie * - - f TLe It:aian Government retains the 1 Spriviege, when a valuable picture is about Sto pass trough the custome outward, of i sking possession thereof on payment to r tLe owner of two-thirds of the price. An eEcg reL -crnoisserr secured a gem by one o of the Ld masters, and hired a painter to Spain over hLs .ricelese treasure a modern Slandscape. He felt sure that the picture, -thus t n:eaked, would elude the vigilance of in the author:t:es, and that when be had it afle :r- London be could easily have the I .ater .,cture rubbed off, thue leaving the er -.i macter :i all its beauty. He was quite - right. U': the cleaner rubbed off the old e nms:er'e work as well as the landscape, Ie and oeceath tLe old master they found-a d- portrait of an ffcer of the Court of George I. -~i~-~~~;~~;~~~l?~-Lq~~~ i THE HOME. THE POWER OF DZVOTION AND TBUST IN THE PFAILT CIRCLE. Rev. J. F. Clarks, Pretestant Mislste. True society begins in the home. When two young people love each other and marry, they restore the picture of the apostolic church. They are of one heart and one soul. Neither do they say that anything they possess is their own, but they have all things in common. Their mutual trust in each other, their entire confidence in each other, draws out all that is best in both. Love is the angel who rolls away the stone from the grave in which we bury our better nature, and It comes forth. Love makes all things new; makes a new heaven and a new earth; makes all cares light, all pain easy. It is the one enchantment of human life which realizes Fortunio's purse and Aladdin's pal. ace. and turns the "Arabian Nights" into mere prose in comparison. Think how this old story of love is repeated forever in all the novels and romances and poems, and how we never tire of reading about it; and how if there is to be a wedding in a church all mankind go, just to have one look at two persons who are supposed, at least, to be in love, and so supremely happy. But this, also, is not perfect soci. ety. It is too narrow, too exclusive. It chows the power of devotion, trust, self. surrender, that there is in the human heart; and it is also a prophesy of some thing larger that is to come. But it it at least a home, and before real society can come true homes must come. As in a sheltered nook in the midst of the great sea of ice which rolls down from the sum. mit of Mount B.ane is found a little green spot full of tender d wers, so, in the shel ter of home, in the warm atmosphere of household love, spring up the pure affec. tions of parent and child; father, mother, son, daughter; of brothers and sisters. Whatever makes this insecure, and divorce frequent, makes of marriage not a union for life, but an experiment which may be tried as often as we choose, and abandoned when we like. And this cuts up by the roots all the dear affections of home; leaves children orphaned, destroys father ly and motherly love, and is a virtual d!i solution of society. I know the great dif ficulties of this question, and how much wisdom is required to solve them. Bat whatever weakens the permanence of mar riage tends to dissolve society; for per manent homes are to the social state what the little cells are to the body. They are the commencement of organic life, the centres from which all organization pro ceeds. TaE Pr.sE -Every intelligent person should know how to ascertain the stast of the pulse in health, that by comparing it with what it is when he is ailing, he may save some idea of the urgency of his case. Parents should know the healthy pulse of each child, as now and then a person is born with a peculiarly slow pulse, and the very case in hand may be of that peculiar ity. An infant's pulse is one hundred and forty; a child of seven, eighty ; and from twenty to sixty it is seventy beats a min ute, declining to sixty at four score. A healthful grown person's pulse beatse 7 times in a minute; there may be good health down to sixty; but if the pulse always exceeds seventy there is a disease; the machine is working itself oat, there I. a fever or inflammation somewhere, and the body is feeding on itself ;: as in con sumption, when tLe pulse is quick-that is, over sevety--gradually increasing with decreased che"ces of care until it reaches .. . .J.v o Thunadred and twenty, when death comes before many dase. When the pul-e is over 70 for months. and there is a slight cough, the lungs are affected.-Public Opi~icen. People who deal in odd coins w:lt be pleeed to learn that in Paris the other day semi of the "look-of-tair" flve franc pieces were sold at $4! each. Immediately after the ooupd'etst, Napoleon ordered the coinage of sliver with hie effigy . a die was prepared and procf-coln struck c_ and sect to the Elysee. Those were busy times there, and the Prince-President left the coin care!essly on the ohimneypiecs for two or three days. When next he chaned upon the proof-coin, on examining it closely he was dissatisfied with the curl of one lookof hair upon the temple and sent it beak to the mint with directions to have the defect alterd. The messenger reached the mist jest as the director, taking silence to mean assent. had ordered the workmen to begin striking off the five franc pieces. Before the order was ceas' termanded a few p:eoes-twenty-three thel gend says-bd been mittd, and, as a7 naturally be supposed, these pieces s a 50e have a peculiar value for numisasti.s Through a somewhat similar error some Brit ish colonial postage stamps have now a fab1l ons value. When their prirting was ordered the stamps of the lower denomination were t be printed in blue and those of the higher de nomination in red. A stupid pressman treas posed his orders, and so it happened that a few cheets of red penny stamps and bite ghillinl stamps were et:uck oil. Tae error was speed' ily corrected, but the stamps s.readyv trockof were ucique, and now are worth many dollars each. VISIT OF THE E.r~aris or ArSTFJs To IRS LA.ND.-We are in a poe:t;on to state that the agents of Her ImperialM aj sty, the Empreeso Austria, have concluded negotiations for lest ig Sommerbill House. County Meath, fromthe owner. Lard Longfo:d, and thst it is Her M jetty'e intention to res:de there daring the coming hunt:ng season, and to hunt regularl wi:h tie Ward Union and the Meath packsL The nriesion will need ecme alteration s repairs to e=it the royal sportswoman, s these will be at once tarken in hand, so tt all may be ready for Her Majesty's receptio before the comnieccement of the hunUil season. Her presence, which will give gI edl~t to sport in the Meath and Waro coulti' will be benefcia to the locality, and she be aMured of a warm and respectful greeTi CLarity seeks not its own conveniera We must give the spur to this j.dei body of ours, to make it trot on sed F forwards. The good soldier dies in bat the good sailor on the sea, and the I, mrinister of the sick in the hospital. ADViRTISI8NG RATESOF THE '11t One T-o Thtme _Ix M'ru. I~h. M'rh.M' MtbI O ............ ." * S I3 ,N 3 Two............. 518 u 2SN Tb- .............. I i 1 31 6 S P............ . I.. . . 1 . Tt.e........_..·- 11 t0 i , 0$01 l1 Thir i. n s.... ...f 130 110 0 2.eueIeet &4wertle.menta1 . c * e3 ·Qfltc m rtlot laeerld s1 a peotal Teue 3) .pestlsersaa ý