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Morning Star and Gatholic Messenaer.
NEW ORLEANS. ISUNIAY. CTO BEC i3. Itr. GENERAL NE W$ ITEMS. Three hundred kegs of bad beer, thrown into a pond at lonaterburg, Proueia, pruved t iat an intoxlicated flb is a very queer tiab indeed. A London publisher spent $12 .00 in adver tialog a new magarne before the first number was printed, of whibch 100,400 copies were con as quenet ly sold. The study of politics Is to bi introdouced into the Providence High Sobool by compulesory ex temporaneous debates once a week on subjects of State and national government. North Beaver township, Pa., has discovered tree-climbing snakes. A dczen of them have been killed, the longest of which measnred seven feet. They have fiat heads, greenish spots on the skin, and emit a hissing sound like that of a goc(s. The Boston Whittling School has been in operation several years. A large room is pro vided with seats and benches, and a certain apace is appropriated to each wbittler. Toe pupils are boys, and the seeain.s are held in the evening. The aim is to teach t ie eltments of wood-carving. Even the R1cm an Campagna seems at last to have found its masters in the Trappist.. They have acclimatized the Anbstralian eocalypttus and overoome the malarial fever; now they have need nitro-glycerine t3 break op a layer of tufa beneath the soil, under which a rich and favor able earth was foond. The village of lsllmar, near Guackstant, in Holstin, situated in a district reputed for it, healthiness, has just witnessed the diamond wedding, or the seventy filth marriage anni versary of two of its one thousand four han dred parishioners. Two more diamond wed dings are impending, and the last fourteen years have seen ten such celebrations there. The city ordinance of San Franoisco makes it a misdemeanor to sleep in a romm containing less than .Yu cubic feet of air to each person. It is enfurced against Chinese only. Last month many were arrested for violating it, and ninety-one were squerzed into cells that gave them twenty-three feet of air to each man. What anotion this must give a heathen of the jmat'ce of Christians. The London tPuev says: "'Englishmen as a rule are far too insular in thought, habit, and manner of life. The vast msjority of them can speak no tongue but their own, and feel little sympathy with the hopes and fears which animate their brethren on the continent of Europe. It is time that they learned more of their neighbors, their daily life, their amuse ments, their interntsa, and their politics." Of cotton cloth the United States exported last year 16ii,000,00 yards, while the amount in 1874 was but 1- 000,000. Employers claim that the earnings of mill operatives are higher now than in -I60, in proportion to the cost of living, and mills are supplying goods at less cost than in that year. Although supplies cost more and cotton the same, greater skill and economy, with improved machinery, produce these results. We are accoustomed to regard the Missieaippi. "the great father of floods," as Beaton called it, as the most majestic river on the globe, but if Commander Belfridge, recently returned from an rexploration of the Amazon, tells the truth, the real father of waters is to b e found in the Southern continent. He sas: "We loond the volume of the Amszon to be seven million cubic feet a second, and if the Missis sippi were flowing into it it would not raise ite surface perceptibly." The Seventh French Army Corps, conmmand ed by the Duke D'Aumale, maneuvered lately in presence of a number of English, German, hesian. Anartrian and Belgian lfficers, who expressed themselves greatly surprised by its admirable discipline; t 000 men were in the field. The French army is reported to have made rtmirkabte progress since the overthrow of the empire. Both mousketry and artillery are of the latest invention, the soldiers are more thoroughly drilled, and their numbers are great:y cre s d. On the Northern Csntral Railroad of Penn sylvania. on Tuesday last, Eungine No. 40, driven by IRobeit Bl3rgeor, with Conductor Jarvis in chSargeof thc !rair, drew from Clark's Ferry to Santo.nry, a distance of thirty-one miles, a train consisting of leS empty freight cars, one loaded ei;gt wheeler, two cabooses and a dead engine. It was up grade work, but jhe trip was made at the rate of ten miles an bour. The train was .t2Li feet lung,. or ;tiO feet more than a mile, and, it is claiued. was the longest ever drawn by a eicgle engine. A nice election scandal is talked about in Canad.. At the close of the poilI in toe Min ister of Jastice's county, according to the story, the returninig otficer pret-ended to be sick, put the ballots into a sideboard, which he locked ap, and went to see the dector. A man with a lot of ballots had been placed in ' the cellar and a hole cut through the d oir and the bottomi of the sideboard. So soon as the t coast was clear he came op, selec:ed a scii-t cient number of opposition ballots, replaced I them with Ladamme tickets, and vanished. In a flood in Texuas, a man found himself left on a swiftly dissolving bank. He called to I his son, who was on high ground above, to t throw a rope. The boy did so, and the old t man, as he took one end of the line in his m hand, said: Now listen to me, and do as I tell you. I you finBud you can't hold on when 1 commerce to climb, let go. It's no use for4 both to drown, so don't let me poll yon down. I If you finhd you can't hold the rope, drop it, run down on the flat, and grab for me as I float by." The boy braced, and the father was I saved. The morning after the signature of the C j prom convention Zsrify, the Constantrnople banker, sent an ageLt to Larnaca with sealed a instructions, which being opened after his ar rival proved to be an unlimited credit and authority : , purchase everywhere all the agent could get: bold of, whether bohst e, lands or oat tle without lose of tinme. The agent, with as sistarts, oncered.d in buying property to the extent of i4 I 01( at very low rates, owing to the preva intlg misery througlmhnt the country. l -day tL s propetty is wo.th iore than The Ndw York .un eays that t':e atter lion of t'ie aunihuritie in hi.,iand is seriously direct ed to the sutjct of iifant mortality. The re torns of the Kegistrar Gereral have told year a..er year a shocking story. lotting the thing plain, the horrid fact ti sudm forth that a vast propoition of British IurU infants are mur dered for the sake of the burial money, and infanticide now is as comnion on the banks of the Severn as it was in daes of old on the banks of the Ganger. Patent child food is tbe chief means by means of which this slaughter of innocents is oarried on. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks has nine times been elected a member of Con rgs, from the Fifth Distriot of Massachusette; but he was defeated on Thersday in the contest for the straight Republican nomination for a tenth term, Mr. 8. 3. Bowman, a youog lawyer of Somerville, carrying cfS the honor in the Distriot Conven tion, on the fifteenth ballot, by only one ma jorIty. If Gen. Banks were an ordinary man, we shonld say that this would probably be the end of him in politics; but throughout his pro tracted career he has shown auch sarprisiog vitality, and has had such extraordinary look, that we shall expect to see him on the stage again after a very short interval. Mr. George Parker BIdder, a famous English engineer, has jast died. In his yonth he was knoewn as " the oIonlating boy, and he said to a friend within a few weeks of bfh death, "It is set eat to ealealate logarits meally p ta tee ple ba I e iah a seem ep thousand a day now, if it were worth my while." Of this wonderful method of mental nalcalatiron Mr. Bidder made no secret. " The bie of the entire system," he said, " is the laco ty of maltipllcation and mental registra tion and the only limit is the power of regis. tration," and be used to affirm that "mental ma t plication of three figures by three figores night be learnt as easily as any other branch of arithmetic by persons of ordinary aptitude for figates." That English magistrate who went and broke a vagrant's stint of stone, and found the work onendnrale, did not blister his fingers in vain. At the Garetaerg Workhouse hereafter the stones, which are at present measuered, will in funture be weighed, because a measure of hard stones weiglhs much more than a mea sure of soft ones; wire guards to protect the eyes will be provided, and any vagrant who finds among his stones some which be aosnnot break, through want of skill or strength, will be allowed to have them exchanged for softer ones, the soft stone given in exchange to be of sac` increased quantity as shall be found saf ficient to prevent any attempt at imposition and to compensate for the extra trouble cf making the exchange. THE PIROSI'PECT. NEW ORFEANS AND THIE EPIDEMIC. N O. Price Current October f. It is natural that the merchant shonld be discouraged under our present situation. But, bad as it really is, it is not nearly as much so as described by a certain class of sensational writers for the Northern prese. We will not call these ill->mened birds "croakers." By croakers we understand men who habitually view only the dark side of the prospect, and may possibly ex aggerate its evils but predicate their views from facts and what they suppose must be their natural conselnences. The penny-a-liners we refer to not only exaggerate, but invent. Their statements are so far from the truth that we cannot but attribute them to intentional mierej resentation for the purpose of making them readabhle-intereeting-senationally excit ing. O.:e describes Canal street as being nearly entirely deserted-that only a few haggard pedestrians are seen upon it, here and there, to give a certain degree of life to the general desolation. This, undoubtedly, is artistic. The landscape painter understande it when he places in the foreground of his picture a solitary figure to heighten, by contrast, the loneliness of the view. But unfortunately for the pen-limner it is not true. We have assed through Canal street daily. We ave seen the same throngs of earnest men wending their way to and from the Post Office and the Custom House and the same female groups, embracing various condi tions in life, which usually distinguish this animated thoroughfare, and make it second I only to tLe New York Broadway of the olden time, before the retailers were driven from it up town and their places occupied by Importers, wholesale dealers and bank era. These throngs it is true are not numerous -less so than even in the usual diminished volume presented during the summer. But they are still there. The street is not dead, but alive. In fact it presents so much lif., that one is surprised that the wayside retailere should camplain of stag nant trade. But even these complaints are not always free from exaggeration. If this be not so, the crowds in the stores of those dealers who advertise freely must visit their counters merely from idle curiosity. If we pass from our office to the Cotton c Exchargowe witnesseven greater numbers of people apparently intent on business. One who perambulates other streets of a Sunday evening will see the same family groups assembled on their doorsteps enjoy ing the balmy evening air. In this they are no doubt imprudent,I the night being v the time when all infections and malarial liseases are most readily contracted. So well is this known to the faculty, that one listinguished medical writer has placed on a 'ecord his conviction that yellow ferer is c never contracted in the day time. We are C not aware of any change within the past I ew ears, but tormerlyja rice planter in 8 he vicinity of Charleston, 8. C.. from Maya ir June until November spent his nights bt lis city residence and his days on the i >laotatlon, with the assured conviction b hat to bleep one night on the plantation would certainly result in an attack of what I s there called the "country fever"-a n lisease more malignant and fatal than v ellow fever. If the night air be so pests- fi ential there, why should it not be here t luring an epidemic T The absence of the desolation described f cy the sensational writers we have referred I o, is no doubt owing to a very large por- 8 ion of our usual adult population in the t uommer being acclimated, and feeling no b apprehension whatever of the prevailing I pldemid. So strong is this sense of security bat many have been blind to the fact that i hbeir children of tender age are not aceli- t nated and are therefore in danger of the Ia nalady, which has prevailed to such an v )xtraordinary extent among that class of n mor population. All this is the more striking when we v :onseider the actual distress among the on- o seclimated and the acclimated with unac- h :limated children, who have not only snf- b "ered from sickness but from the interrup- n ;ion to business or the loss of employment. e In this particular the sufferings of a large portiorn of our people have not been exag terated. Even with all the considerate sindnues and bounty of their neighbors, Friends and fellow citizens who have been less ulortunate, and the m'nificient con tribution of Northern, Western and foreign charity, a moultitude have remained witl out succor. All classes of our community have aided in relieving such distresses. It has been giving-giving-giving-week in and week out-from the dime to the dollar. A true picture of this epidemic would represent the golden tide of outside charity fthwing in a wide, deep and seem ingly exhauetlese volume, but mingling constantly with innumerable rills of home benevolence to such an extent as to often drain the donors of ttle last dollar. As a general proposition it may be safely asserted that such drafts upon pri vate charity are drains upon capital. In most cases trade has shrunk to such nar row proportions, that profits have hardly sufficed to pay current business charges in many cases not more than a moiety of such outlays. As a whole, therefore, trade has resulted in a loss, instead of profit, and, of course, whatever is given by our residents in the sacred cause of charity is a draft upon capital and not on income. Now the point to which we wish to at tract attention is that however mournful the aituation may be, if not as frightful as iS is painted by sensationallam one Inay aestonabl7 loo.& forwat to toe with hope, instead of despair or even des 1i pondency. I In another season, even if there should sbe a recurrence of the epidemic, the pro : portion of our acclimated population, com 1 pared with the unacclimated, will be much larger than in the past Enjoying immn h alty from the fever, even if it re-appears, a which is by no means certain, fewer will be attacked. It will inspire less terror e among oatsiders Country towns will k hardly find it necessary to quarantine against ns as in the present season and our Strade with the interior willconsequently flow on with leas-in fact with very little interruption. Our great river and its tributaries, our widening railway system, our deepened jetty channel to the gulf, our t consequently augmented sea going fleets, I the cheapened charges for transportation r from the interior to the sea port and from f the seaport to the foreign markets, the steadily-increasing excess of prodoction f over home consumption, caused by im provements in cultivation as well as by the multitudes added annually to the boat of producers, both in the South and West from natural increase and immigration, the virtual shortening of the commercial distance between the farm and the factory -all point to elements of commercial pros perity in New Orleans which are hardly appreciated by even the most sanguine. The epidemic has undoubtedly not only I checked but temporarily arrested our pro grees. But in a few weeks more, like all other transient calamities, the epidemic will exist only in its poignant recollections 1 of losses, nsuffering and bereavement, on i the one hand, and the magnificent out- I pourings of the true heart and manhood of our countrymen in more favored localities, i which hare done more and will do more in t the future to obliterate sectional bitterness I and animosities, than even the landable, jidiciousand patriotic policy of the present 1 Federal administration. We firmly believe that New Orleans has e a g-lden future, in which all her losses t will be recovered, and that a reasonable 1 view of the prospect should inspire our c commercial ar.d industrial classes with a 1 cheerful courage and an inspiring hopeful- a ness and confidence. - El-ICTIONS IS IRELAND. THE LEITRIM ESTATE IN DONEGAL-EXCIT ING SCENE. t A Daily Express telegram, dated Letter- I kenny, says: c Intense excitement exiete in and about u Melford in consequence of the summary b ejectment of the Widow Algoe and her two t sons from the house and farm at Burlin, I near Milford, from which she was evicted A two years ago by the late Lord Leitrim, e and of which she took forcible possession a en the fifth instant. Yesterday evening l1 Captain Dipping, agent to the Earl of b Leitrim, accompanied by several bailiffs, g proceeded to the house re-occupied by Mrs. A Algoe and her two sons, when a bailiff a named Harrison broke open the door with ti a crowbar. A rush was made into the it house by the other bailiffs in a body. They a' were opposed by the brothers Algoe, who tl struck the bailiff on entering, but after a desperate, well sustained and determined a resistance, they were overpowered, and w along with their mother ejected from the S house, which remains in occupation of sev- h eral bailiffs, well armed. Robert and John ti Algoe were arrested by the police, several n, of whom were present, and will be brought at before the magistrates at Milford petty ei sessions to-morrow, Thureday. o01 at EvICTION IN NORTH KERRY-A M3OST fIAR- A ROWING SCENE. ri A corrapondent of the Kerry entinel, be writing from Ballybunnion on Thursday G week, says : i1 An eviction of the most heartrendingcbar- Pa acter took place yesterday evening at a place K called G.>rtnaakehi. the property of Mr. M George Heweon, J.P., Eunismore. The ra place lies close to Ballybunnion, and the B scene enacted on tohe occasion baftles de- y, scription. The name of the evicted person at is Michael Gorman, who has a wife and re five children, the youngest anso infant at the me breast. Thie property was bought by Mr. cr Heween about adozen years ago. Gorman. ra I believe, was born on the property, and w married a niece of a man named Kissane, M who adopted her as his child. Kissane's 3( family, I am informed, resided for genera- 1i tions in the place. What could be Mr. T Hewsoo's motive in evicting this unhappy it family it is not for me to conjecture. All at I know is that Gorman is an industrious w and hard-working man, and perfectly able fo to meet his demands. At the appointed as bour, the sub sheriff, Mr. Hartnett, at- re tended by an escort of police and a gang di of Mr! Heweon's men, was on the spot, and 2( in a short time had all the furniture w thrown on the roadside, and finally Gor- N man, his wife, and five young children tt were ejected. It was certainly a sight to ai move the most callous to pity to see this w wretched family near a fire on the roadside 11 without any shelter against the inclemency o1 of a frosty Autumnal night but the wide ti heavens above. Poor Mrs. Gorman, who si has all the appearance of a maniac, is still ti upon the spot-twenty-four hours after the fr eviction-rending theeskies with her moans, it lamentations and cursee. tv F 'Till 8AVIOR OF iHIS COLUTflY." a - P SAs M. Gambitta has been posing for a long v time under the above fulsome title, Le Iigaro A feels compelled to take him in hands, and from h a long and crusing article in that paper we give an extract:-' Did he arrest the invasion? No,mince he himself tied before it from Paries to Tours, from Tours to Bordeaux, and from Bor- A deaux to the borders of Spain. Did be save o our military amour propreT Alas, no. Those I ti of our defeat. which could be called glorious a defeats were previous to his dictature-Worth, I Gravelotte, and Mars-la-Tour.-Did he suffer u for a day or an hour ? No, he aIwans had a good fire, good ilodging, a good table, good I cigars, and good olothing.-Dmd he prevent the dismemberment of the territory I Answer, a Republicans of Strssboug land Metz.-Did he economise our inuanoes ? No, M. de Bismarca I exacted the maximum he thought we could C pay, five milliards; and we had already in- c corred as much more expense -What remains I to him then? Good intentiorn, which are t common to all the world. And what else? Some hard oratorical knocks, bestowed right and left, under the form of proclamations, us- 3 rangues, niroulars, orders of the day, and t speeches from high balconies. It would have been different if M. Gbetta had saved a province, spared a homiliation, or econotised I a milliard. In that ease we would be the first to demand for him a national rscompsnse. But to salute him as Napoleon . the Third after Magenta, or Napoleon she First afser Aester lita, is really too stopLd." Bo it is, Fsgare; sad we easaot weeder at jeer apparsally - - - - THE AFGHAY TROUBLE. I So, Perhaps, England is to have at . Afghan war, bat where, with whom, and - why b Afghanistan is the name applied, origi" Snally in Persia, to the mountainous region ,of Northwestern .India and Eastern Pessis I of which the Afghans are the most numer r one and predomoinant inhabitants. It is a 1 great quadrilateral plateau, extending from S62 to 70 degrees east longitude, and from r 30 degrees to 33 degrees north latitude. In t the Cabal region, the higher spars are a often clad with grand forests, while the Slower hills are woodless and almost naked Sbut in the bottoms, often watered by clear r and copious streams, there are beantiful , nests of vegetation, "which derive new charms from contrast with the excessive sterility of the hills that frame them." Elevated plateaux of sandy surface, bro ken by rangee of rocky hills, often expand ing In wide, arnd wastes terminating to the sonthweet in a regular desert of shifting sand-these are the characterislics of the country. All over the north winter is rigoronus; snow lies in Cabal for two or three months, and the people sleep close to stoves. More than once the population of Ghasni has been destroyed by being buried in snow, if tradition does not lie. In the south summer heat is intense; 118 to 120 degrees in the shade in August has been recorded. At HIerat the weather is agreeable, and only one year in four can the inhabitants store ice. Yet it was near there that of Ahmed Shab's army, retreat ing from Persia in 1750, 15,000 men per ished of cold in one night. Generally the climate is dry; its marked characteristics are the great difference between winter and summer temperature and day and night temperature. The population of Afghanistan proper is placed at 4,109,000 souls, 2,315,000 of these being Afghans and Patbans. Roundly speaking, agriculture and soldiering are their sole occupations. As a race they are handsome and athletic, often with fair comiplexions and flowing beards, generally brown or black. They have the hair shaved from the forehead to the top of the head, the remainder at the sides being allowed to fall in earls over the shoulders. The step is full of resolutIon, the bearing proud and apt to be rough. The women have handsome features of a Jewish cast the chroniclers call their people Banal Israel (Children of Israel), and claim descent from Saul through a grandson called Afghana-and fair complexions, usually a pale sallow; they wear the hair braided and plaited behind, in two long tresses, terminating in silken tassels. Inured to bloodshed from childhood, the Afghans are audacious in attack, though easily discouraged by failure. They are apparently frank, but very crafty, turbu lent, insubmissive to law or discipline, brutal, rank perjurers, treacherous, vain, greedy and passionately vindictive. Among themselves they are quarelsome and distrustful. If from habit and tradi tion an Afghan respects the stranger with in his gates he has no scrople about attacking him as soon as he has quitted them, or instigating a neighbor to do so. Afghanistan as seach first took a place among the nations of the earth in 1747, when, upon the assassination of Nadir Shah, the great Persian conqueror, who had taken Cabul and recovered Kandahar, the Afghan chiefs chose Ahmed Khan, a noble young soldier, as their leader. He assumed the kingly authority over the eastern part of the empire with the title of Dur-i Darran. "Pearl of the Age," be stowing that of Durrani opon his clan, the Abdalia. Hie proved a really great war rior. In 1746 he invaded India, but was beaten in an eleven days' battle by the Great Mogol's eldest son ; and in 1751 he returned and annexed Mooltan and Lahore; in 1735 he again crossed the Indus and sacked Delhi, subsequently wresting Khnrassau from Persia. But in 1758 the Mogul formed an alliance with the Mah rattas and drove Ahmed's son, Timonr Beg out of Delhi and the Ponjaup. Next year Alhmed recrossed the Indus and advanced on Lahore. Catching the Mab retta armies under Sciodiab and Holkar separated, hie anticiHsted Napoleon by croesiig the first and wheeling with great rapidity to fall upon the second, which was alseo overwhelmed. The Mogul and Mabretta chiefs got together another army 300 000 strong, with which at the close of 1760 they faced Ahmed's 200,000 men. The Afghan chief refused to leave his intrenchments on the plain of Paniput, and at last-January 7, 1761-the Mahrettas, who had exhansed their saupplies, were forced to attack. At first they had the advantage, but Abmed brought up his reserve of picked Afghans and won the day. The campaign cost tile Mabrettas 200,000 men and utterly broke their power, which before had threatened to engulf all Northern India. Ahmed retained Labore, though he wisely abandoned Delbi, and annexed Balk and Cashmere to his empire, which he ruled in peace until his death in 1873. Timour Beg, his snccessor, staved off anarchy for twenty years, and then left twenty-three sons to contest the succee sion. Thereafter the history of Afghanie tan became one of intrigue, barbarous fratricidal wars, brutal murders and revo lntions till Dost Mohamed, one of the twenty brothers of the minister whom Kamran had murdered with his own hard, arose, nearly sixty years ago. Meanwhile Peahawur, Scinde, the Turkeetan pro vinces, Cashmere and many other parts of Ahmed's empire had been lost. Dost Mo hamedea ebare in the division of the constry use Cabul. In 1r37 England became concerned in Afghan atfaire. Alarmed by the conduct of supposed Ruseian agents in the coun tries west of the Indus, the Government attempted to negotiate an alliance with Dost Moliamed, and when it was declined undertook to establish the exiled Shah Sujab upon the throne. "The Army of the Iodnus" of z0I00 men, besides 6,000 Sikbs and 5,0)00 troops raised by Shah Sujah's son, set out under Sir John Keane, and May S, I-89 the Shah was enthroned at Candabar. No opposition was offered, and on the 7th if August be entered Cabul. L)ost Mohauted surrendered himself and the troops returned to India, leaving an army of occupation of 5,000 men. For two years they held Cabal and Candabar, but the attempts to reduce the other chiefs were fruitless. In October, 1841, the hill tribes along the Cabal Pass, through which runs the road from Cabal to Jellalabad, be came discor tented becanse the English Governmer had not paid the sum promie ed to be paid yearly for leaving this all important defile epen and assumed a hos til, attitude. Sir Robert Sale was sent to open the pass and succeeded in reaching Jellalabad on the lesh of November, after n fightiog desperately the whole way with the I hill-men, who fired relentlessly upon the atruggling English force from the eminen cesr overlooking their narrow path. Mean while Dast Mohamed's son, Akbar Khan, Sformed a conspiracy at Cabal, butchered Sir Alexander Barnes and other English Sofficers, and seized the stores of the Eng Slish garrison, which was compelled, now Sthat winter had set in, to offer overtures I for negotiation on bomiliating terms, as the evacuation of Afghanistan, the restoration of Dost Mohamed, and forbearance ever to send an armed force into the country with out the consert of the Afghan ruler. On the !2d of December Sir William McNangh ten, the British Minister, and three officers were lured into going out to confer with Akbar Khan. He was seized and shot by Akbar with a pistol he had given the treacherous Afghan as a token of regard, and his head was cut off and paraded ex ultantly; one officer was murdered, the others were placed in prison. In spite of this General Elphinstone negotiated a con vention with the Afghans for the retreat of his troops, leaving behind all their cans but six as trophies, and on the 6:h of Jan nary, 142,. the garrison of Cabal, 4.500 strong, with 12,000 camp-followers, be sides women and children, moved out through the deep snow. Needless to say, it was almost instantly attacked. Akbar Khan politely sent his regrets that he could not restrain the hill tribes, but proposed to take the women under his protection. Lady Sale and Lady McNaughten, with six other women and their husbands, were intrusted to him. So bitterly cold was it that the Sepoys were benumbed and could cifor no resistance- The Europeans held together and there were 300 men left alive of 16 500 when Jagdulluck, thirtyfive I miles from Cabul, was reached. Here Ab- I kar Khban took General Elphinstone from I his companions, who were set upon by night. dispersed and hunted down. On I the 13.h of January, one week after the 16 500 marched out of Cabul, one man, Dr. I Brydone, staggered into Jellalabad. the I survivor of the garrison of Cabul! Long afterwards ninety-five prisoners were res caed, but Brydone was the only man to 1 survive the dangers of the pase, scene of the tragedy that Kaye has spoken of for I its awful "completenese and suenblime unity." 1 Lord Ellenborough rep'aced Lord-Auck- I land in India. Wild from Pesbhwur moved two regiments up the Kbyber Pass 1 to seize Ali Mnsejid, a fortreess five miles I from Peshawur, and thuse secure his c It munication with Sale atJellalabad. Tb t were without provisions, and the Sik i ordered to their support mutinied and 1 refused to tempt the dangers of the defile, I so that the garrison had to evacuate All c Mnejid and fight its way home, leaving e Sale at Jellalabad cut off, and it was some weeks ere Pollock could restore the morale of his troops at Peshawur. Akbar Kahn ca meanwhile advanced on Jellalabad, which a Sale, with immense labor had fortified. a On the I;h of February, at night, came a h tremendous earthquake, laying a third of t Jellalabad in ruins, and making awful f havoc of the fortifications it had taken n three months to erect. Within the next b month there were over a hundred similar shocks, but the instant the earth had i ceased to tremble the garrison was at work, t and at the end of the period the wbole a wall was restored with such marvelous '1 rapidity and completeness that Akbar I Khan cried as he drew near: that earth- a quake was English magic; see, Jellalabad t is the only place not shaken down !" Dur- f ing the siege Sale was put to sore straits. t On the 231 of March he wrote that he had I killed hble camels to save bay for the horses, t and that after the fourth of April there n would be no meat left. On the 5:b Pollock I entered the Khyber Paees, and by the 14:h ii he had fought his way through it. But fi meanwhile on the 7th Sale had heard two S rumore-that Pollock had been reoulsed, ti and that a rebellion against Dint Moham- a ed had broken out in Cabul. Rtesolving. Ii at Havelock's urging, to etrike the Afghans II while they were excited over this news p and ere they had beard ot Pollock's ii disaster, be dashed out of the city b at daybreak, and by 7 o'clock, with a a loss of eight killed and fifty-three wound ii ed, he had routed the besiegers, born fi ed their tents, and taken all their ii stores and supplies, four English gone, and I the standards of the cavalry. The siege of C Jellalabad was over, and a week later the d garrison marched out to welcome Pollock, a their bands playing. "Oh, but ye've been q long a coming." Cabal was in due time p occupied, Akbar bKhan deolaring that all a the acts of treachery done in his name had t been done against his will and advice; the n great bazer where McNaughten's corpse n had been exposed was blown up, the sol- h diers, who could not be restrained, making o the explosion the signal for looting and an burning almost the whole city ; then the p armies marched homeward. The captive fi ladies, it should be said, had been recov- v ered. Sale had set out with a brigade in t search of them, it being found that they had been harried towards the inhospitable re gions of the Indian Caucasus. Tihe people were kind to them, gave them sympathiz ing words and looks, and brought cakes and fruit for the children. At Bameean, b on the 11th of September, when the soldier t of fortune, Saleh Mohamed, who command- o ed the escort, read them a lettor bidding b him give theni in cliurge of a distant and unfriendly chief, Captain Johnson promised t him 2(,000 rupees and a life-pension of C It10i rupees a month to diobey the order t and take them to the British camp. "If f, you three gentlemern will swear by your a Saviour to make it good to me, I will t bring you to your own people," said Saleh V Mohamed, and next day he hoisted the standard of revolt. Major Pottinger ae snmed the government, deposing the local chief and obtaining funds for the insurgent ~ treasury by confiscating the property of a j caravan and bade the surround'ng chiefs c come in and pay homage. Next day came news that Akbar Kban had been baten st 0 Teyeen and had fled no one knew whither. r Joyfully they moved towards Cabul, and t on the 17th, with a royal salute, they were received safely in Sale's camp. Dost Mlohamed retained the crown till he died in 1nu3. In 1d48, in which year Ak bar Khan, his vizier, died, the Afghan o sovereign joined the rebellious Sikhs, but 2 was beaten at Gujerat and chased to the ' month of his passes, up which he escaped alone, thanks to the speed of his horse. In I 1S50 lie reconquered Balks, in 1t55 he an nexed Candahar. In this year a treaty ol peace between him and the Queen was signed at Peshawur, to which he adhered firmly despite the excitement of his sb. jeta when the utie broke out. June 9' g 1863, two weeks after he had recaptiad r Berat from the Perstans, aftera ten nothe' e seige, Dost Mohamed died, and was sue. e ceeded by his son, All Shere, who had al he could do to hold hblsthrone against rival pretenders, brothers and nephews. In leo he only held Balkh and Herat, but then I fortune changed and in the fall of 1868 he h was firmly seated on the throne at Cabal, having scattered all his enemies. In April, S1869, the Earl of Mayo received him splen. s didly at Umballa, when friendly telations Swere confirmed; and he was given a sub. s tantial present of money, guns and arms. > Late in 1872 a correspondence between Russia and England ended in a declaration t by the former power that Afghanistan w - beyond the field of Russian Influence, sd Sthat the Oxue, from its source in Lak Strikol to the western limit of Balkh, w r to be regarded as the Afghan frontier. On the 17th of August, Ali Shere's favor. Site son, Abdoola Jan, died. This was his Benjamin, born in his old age of a young Swife, a favorite who had obtained absolate Sdominion over the Ameer. Some years ago Abdoola's mother secured his recogni. Stion as heir-presumptive to the exclus;3o Sof the warlike eldest son, Yakoob K ,n who revolted and seized Herat. Ali Shere Sinvited his son to visit Cabul, and there seized him and threw him into prison SAfter keeping him in close confionerment for - many months his father induced Yakoob to accept the eituation and acknowledge SAbdoola Jan as heir, giving him the gov. ernorship of Balkh. Abdoola's death ren. dered a genuine reconciliation between the Ameer and Yakoob Khan possible, healing a fend and securing to the latter the succession. Yakoob is a bitter enemy I ef the English, and his province of Balkh next adjoins the Russian acquisitions in central Asia; hence the English were startled to find that Afghanistan was uni ted under two pro-Rossian leaders. On the 22 ,d of July, General Abramoff, s Russian envoy, with a brilliant escort, arrived at Cabul, where he met with a flat tering reception, a grand review being held in his honor. As Yakoob Khan must have admitted the embassy through Balkh, this roused angry and suspicious feelings. The presence of the Russian envoys was regarded as a breech of the convention of 1872, and as the Ameer had steadily refosed to have an English ambassador stationed at Cabul an understanding be. tween him and the Czar was conjectured. Sir Neville Chamberlain was at once har. ried forward with an imposing retinue, - but he found the passes closed against him. Russia, as a matter of course, denied that the Ameer acted upon her advice, and far. ther declared that she would stand neutral if England and Afghanistan went to war. That they will go to war there seems hardly any ground for doubt, as the insult of leaving Lord Lytton's letters ananswer ed and closing the passes to his envoy while the messenger of a rival power was welcomed is too grave an insult to be overlooked. There is not much likelihood of active operations on a large scale before spring, and as the Indian tributaries be. hind are not a little sore, and it wonuld take but a spark to set the whole hill frontier in a blaze of hostility, the situation must be admitted to be a delicate one. If, however, the Ameer undertakes to wreak vengeance, onithe Khyberees for encourag ing the English advance, be may enlist those readily enlisted tribes against him self to LordjLytton's immense advantage. The English position is that "to protect India England must possess itself, directly or indirectly, of supreme authority in all the countries bordering on the northwest frontier; most exchange the boundary of the Suleiman for the boundary of the HIindoo Koosh; must be supreme 'within the triangle formed by Jellalabad, Ghae nee and Cabul;' must be represented at Herat; musnet be felt at Balkh; most reign in Candahar, and most stretch its Influence from Candahar southward to the Arabian Sea." In a measure the situation is like that between Germany and France, to which Alsace and Lorraine, also a table land, stood as Afghanistan stands to Eng land and Russia. Whichever of the two powers possessed the platean could choose - Its own time for attack, while it could not be assailed without great di..culty and ample notice. India, with Afghanistan in hostile or coldly neutral hands, is inde fensible, whereas if England held Afghan ietan, to make a hostile attempt on her Indian possessions from the plains of the Oxusoe and Jaxartes would be an almost desperate undertaking. Hence England as a matter of expediency, it ndt being a question of morale, most take Afghanistan precisely as Germany has taken Alsace and Lorraine. It is unfortunate for her that Lord Lytton, after formally serving notice on Ali Shere that England would not bother herself about the Ameer in a hurry, should have made such an elab orate preparation for the Chamberlain mission, which could only flatter Afghan pride and inspire the thought that England feared Russia. But the past is past, and a vigorous display of force is all that remains to the English. BALD HEADS AND BED HEWDS. It has been noted (and it cannot be denied with a great deal of truth) that godliness and baldness go over the earth hand in hand. Sit ting in a ohrch gallery and looling down over the congregation, the number of ,mooth, bald heads t be soen is overpowering. This is noticeable among every denomination except the t ,akere, who, in the fl-; place, have no Godiuoese in their chorchee, and who keep their hats on in meeting. The same thing, though, most b-i said of tbe theaters. Every fourth male head is a bald one. If it is no1 already quite white and bare, a little more time will maeke it so. And, after all, someee pie prefer a perfectly bald head to a 5 red one. A young clergyman was once ruin in his profession by a bright red head, altho his own hair was as blank as ink. In the mis of a solemn sermon on remembering the 85 bath day be looked up at the gallery and bit into a roar of laughter. The congregation d course, looked ronad, and saw a yonagsterf the second row of seats holding hIs open bal over a burning red head before him and tI rubbing his hands together as if wsrmi5 them. ADVERTISING RATES OF THE "S8 Bquasam. th. th on xt'ih Threesist . d. ertisemeat. .. .. p.r sqo u eertlem. F :ifteen ........... 41 7 10. . 0 r** *20 Olewr~~·t··~·lr_ ~ M Thry ....... o 3 1 o