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owning Star and iathe& Musenaer
am acaSLu , smw rT. JACAZY a1, 157o . NRKBRAL 7BWB8 ITBMsB. Mets, whlch at tbh eenous of 1871 had 51,332 hababitants, has now only 39 000. Temperanoe socletles have lately been form eoat Hanover and Gottingen with a view of readuing the oonsumption of beer to moderate proportions. About fifteen thousand Russians will leave the old country daring the next three months --masny of them already being on the road-a large peroentage of whom will settlelin eastern Dakota and into the onuntry tributary to Sioux City. Mexico has laid the oorner stone of a mono ment to the late Holy Father, in the City of Pueble, in presence of the President of the RI pwblio, the Governor of the State, and the Bishop of the diocese. Great joy has been the result. A donkey may be made an actor if the right incentive be given. Joe Emmet introdooes in "Frita" one that brays every evening at exact ly the proper point in the play. This t saccom plished by showinog the donkey a bunch of arrots, of which he is inordinately food. As Blemarok is known to desire that Gam best ashould obtain the highest power in France, a French writer accounts for the ouri onas wish by supposing the German Chanoellor is anxious to hasten the grand crash he be lioves to be ooming. Not an improbable sug gestion. The superintendent approached a youth of color, who was present for the fitse time in Sunday school and inquired his name, for the purpose of placing it on the roll. The good man tried in vain to preserve his gravity when the answer was returned : "Well, masse, ealls me Captain, but my nsidesm nae is Moses." A new plan of mobil'zation has been adopted for the German Army. Ojly twenty-four bours are to be left to the men of the reserves and the landwebr for the settlement of their private affairs when once they have received the order to join their regiments. This order is given irrespective of Sunday or holiday or of day or night. The vital statistics of New York present strong evldence of the longevity of the men and women of the Irish race. Of twelve oen tenarians whose deaths are recorded in that city daring the past year, eleven were natives of Ireland ;'nd in a majority of cuases, the no tiees of those still living who have passed the bounds of a century of existence show that theycome from the "Emerald Isle." There were at ParIs during the Exposition I season (May 1-November 1) 571,792 visitors. I or 46,021 more than in 1867. Of these 218,622 i were foreigners, divided be.ween England, t 64.044; Belgium, 31 419, Germany, 23.524; Italy, 16 417; the United States, 14 550 ; Switzerland, 32W4; Spain, 10.234; Austria, 9,072, eto. Among them were thirty-nine sovereigns and princes. This, of course, only includes those who pat up at hotels and public lodging bouses. A new material for coverning walls called "Muralis," has been invented by Frederick Walton of London. It is a mixture of oxidized linseed oil and fibre, and on this ornamenta tion in relief is very clearly stamped by mach- I leery. It would be admirable for boarding houses and schools, for so well does it resist knocks that if struck with the sharp end of a bammer a slight indentation will at first be produoed, but in half an hour the elastic sub stance fills up the gap. There are only eight States in the Usion where the postal service pays its way. and I half of them are in New Ergland-New Hamp shire. Masseahusetts, Rhode Island, Conneoti eat, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Mihobigan-the net surplne of revenue from these States being over $2 .30,000. If the re maining States did as well, the Department t would have a sorplus of over $10,000 000 'to turn into the Treasury annually, instead of lacking abunt $. 00,000 of being self-sustain ing. The compressed gas system in vogue on the German railroads has b.en adopted by the English Government fur lighted buoys. The buoy is filled with gas the burner at the top is lit, and a ligt t that no shock or drenching b. water can extinguish is provided that will born day and night for thirly- for days. It is thought that with improvements one of these buays can be made to s ,ow a light visible at a d starce of four miles for three months, while the application of an electtio apparatus retin goibbing the lamp at utribe, ant relighting it at snCset would give it a working !uratiou of six months. The mail bags of the E iropran, a Capse Good hlope area'uer, wreckd I) -cetober, 1^77. were uaed, b,.t very it. T:ey contained quart .tle of d.i*avnLd. Tinee in packages we:e, althongh the addjresses were almost ob literat.d, oLliolately all delivered at their des smaltion, b..t qlnant!iesof stores hbed got loose from package, reduced to polo.- After iticite trou, ', the London P,st, fiie fo,and out for whom they were intended; they were then va aed by a diamond broker, and the amount, $3to (u, divided among tae several claimauts, and, vie most remarkable thing in the whole busineses, not a single murmur was made by any of them. Tobacco, according to an eloquent member of the Janesvil;e, Wis.. debating society, min aSee the anno3ances of daily life, exhilarates in times of deprese!on and oalms in seasons of edcitemeot, quadroples the normal ecstaies of celibsacy and moditi.s the asperities of connu bial inoompatibilities. And the President of the Maine Senate, acting Governor during a day's interregnum last week, spoke of the United Seates as a Republio more pure and perfect than any Ideal of Plato, whose law givers have been wiser than Solon or Pericles, and whose intellectual progrees will some day rival, if it does not surpass, the art of Phidias, the pen of Sophooles, the tongue of Demos thenes. Mears. Taplin & Knight, milline's, Albion ]Boilding, Aldersgate Road, London, marked a aixpence and laid it on the oarpet of s room, and then sent Florence Chapman, an errand girl of eighteen, into the room to sweep it up. Five minutes later Mr. Taplin mimed the six pence and, as he said in ooort, "gave the girl into custody. He put the sixpence there that abe might take it." The prisoner saisd that she picked up the sixpence, and before she had time to give it to her muaster he brought s po Boeman to the door and gave her into onstody. The Alderman asked whether the prisoner had any friends. The prisoner said she was living with her father and mother. The Alderman said he was glad to hear it, for they would pro tesut her, there was no charge against her, and ehe left the court without the slightest stain upon her character." One of thbe ourlous factut which ome out io the English marriage returns for a period of yea is the gradual deorease in the proportion of marriages solemnized saoording to the rites of the Established Churoh, while at the same time the proportion of civil marriage s i steadi Sinerealsog. In 11861 the number of the frmer marriages formed almost 80 per cent of thbe whole; in 1868 the proportion was 76.8 per seat, and in 1876 737 per cent. On the other baud, the number of oivil marriages at the choe of superintendent .registrars in 1Itl was 7.16 per cont, crf the total number in 18t$ Juest Spmr scent, whble in 1876 the proportion had in erasod to '0 7 per oeon. The total number of marriagee not solemnised by the Established Church also shops anso inerease-the proportion to the total in 1861, 1868, and 1876 being 20 1, 22 1, and 26.2 per cent respectively. Maine has a new sensation in a Democratio Goversor. She huas not known what it wa to havs nay but a Republioan Gtvernment since the epa'blbUa paety ase iae em.sltes. At the eletioen I S ember est Oeaer (ep.' recslved G6 419 votes; Smith (Nat) 41.404. ad Garselon (Dea ) 175, tbm being thirty-one scattring votes. An abslute majorlty of at bte votes ent being useessary there was as ehoioe by the people, and It became the daut of the State Home of Representatives to selsel two persons from those having the four high. eat numbers of votes on the lists and make t return of their names to the Seaste, the mem hers of which must elect one of the two. Ii the Democrats and Nationals io the Honse held together they were certain to ohoose Garoelon and Smith, and the Republincrs, therefore, were most anxious to break the allianoe and have either Connor and Garoelon or Connor and Smith sent up for the Republican Senate to choose between. The union of the anti Republican parties was, however, maintained, and the Republican Senate has now selected a" the least objectionable candidate Dr. Alonzo Garcelon, of Lewiston, a Democrat. though formerly a Republican. and the "hardest kind of a hard-money man." ITALIAN CATHOLICS AND POLITICAL ELECTIONS - With reference to the subject of the or ganiation of the Catholics of Italy so as to be prepared for a possible summons to take their part in the political life of the coun try, we may advert to a significant para graph in the Osservatore Catlolica of-Milan, and the not less significant comment upon it which is to be found in the Voce della Verila. The Milanese paper, after eiving the test of the address of the Holy Father to the Roman Society for the promotion of Catholic Interests, says: "The words of his Holiness do not need any comment. They are clear, precise, decisive and solemn. He commands Catho lics to keep themselves so disposed in mind, in organisation, and in means as to be ready efficaciously to respond to any call which may be made upon them. We re ceive with sentiments of profound respect and most lively gratitude the injunction of the Supreme Pontiff. All Catholics will hear-it with an equal spirit of obedience, and will not fail to form themselves into that combination which is necessary to prevent the division of our forces. If to bring about the victory of the ideas of order and justice numbers are required, we must multiply the defenders of faith and of society; and in using the power of numbers we do not recognise their capacity to create the right, but we erect them into a support of thelunchangeable principles of right of which the Church is mistress and defender. The call of which the Pope speaks is not the Revolution, but the peaceful defence of the truth, a defence which we most complete even for the sal vation of society whose base isdisplaced by Liberalism. We do not know if the Holy Father meant to allude to political elections, but if he did allude to them, let Catholics observe that to action in this sense the call has not been made," To which the Voce della Verit subjoins the following remark : "It is well. And we congratulate the Catholic paper of Milan on having written these words. But let it observe how right we were when we summed up the programme and the duty of Catholics for the present moment in the phrase-'taking careful measufes to be prepaid.' RULES OF PROCESSES OF BEATIFICA TION AIND CANONIZATION. The last number of the Civita Cattelica reproduces a document bearing on the recent petitions for the speedy commence ment of a process for the beatification of Pins IX. In his reply to the Father Gen eral of the Scolopii, after the reading of tihe decree of the Congregation of Rttee on t'ie virtues of the Venerable Pompilio Pirottt, Leo XIll. mentioned that he had many years ago began privately to invoke tne interceseion and protection of that servant of God. Aid from this example the Cirila infers that there can be no poe sible objection to those who have a high c ,nceptioi t of the sublime virtues of the la'e lament.ed Pozitiff invoking his aid in their secirt devotions Bat these senti minets have prompted, not only seine of the faithful, bat cur.e iadorair, pubhlicy to exprees l a eire t:,at the rules which res.u 1-%te the caounical procedare in cause, ,.f hlestifiratiorn hould be derogsttedl friru, withl a view to tet Immediate Intrcctiun of the canue of Pius IX. The competent authority has in consequence thought it prudent to publish, in a small volume of twelve pages, an explanation of the canon ical pr.cedure to be observed in all causes of beatification and canonization. This the Cirita Cattolica reprints, and the sum of it is that in a matter so important nothing is to be changed in the usages which have been wisely established, and whiich ehould regulate the fervor of good Catlo:ice. And accordingly the Sacred Congregation of Rites, in its audience of the 16;h November, examined and declin ed to approve the forms of Novenas and other prayers, even when supported by ecclesiastical approbation, which have been circulated in Rome and elsewhere. Tihe faithful are perfectly at liberty to invoke the prayers of Pius IX. in their private devotions. but in the words of the Cirita "it is not permitted to them, by Novenas or any other public act, to anticipate in any way the judgment which is within tie competence of the Roman Pontift alone." 1 egenl k:d loves can be bought for asng at lery lros, c-aner Megaeiee nud St. Andrew rsterts is ear readers will see by refering to the ad vertlsemeonton f lfbpge. 1. kids reduced to 5) centt, and tree Lutton hids sold for 60 cents. Ever a centre of attraution to the ladies of -ew Orleans, Mr. E. H. Adams' geat d'y goodestore at n94 MAgasine street is just cow very eepeclially popular for two excellent reasons; first, his stock is all fresh, flst-clasas, and sold at low price.; and, secondly, his store is so admlrably located. reaLtllted and warmed that ladles can do their shopping a per feet comfort, and examine the godss at their leisure. Thee are considerations which no sensible woman wi!l Ignore, hence the crowds that throng the store at ali hours of the day and the glow of pleasure and comfort that tinges the ebeek and beautii es the face of every woman as she lea-ve the building after having mad, purchase that will bring cquan' comfoJrt and plasure to the dear loved ones at home. D. H. IoloY'.-Importlong their stock them usive direct fr.m Europe and from Northero fautore in very lirge ,luannitl;e. ely often by the chiptload, "'is hous cean and does offer the most entraord.nary inducements to purchasers of dry goods. This fact and the very excellent and libe-sl prilmeples on which their hebuieso is managed, accoust for the widel estended reputation and popuai'ty of D. H. Holmes' dry gooes emporium throughobut the entire B~oth. By refer-ina to the card which we print elsewhere in our preent islue, our readers will esee the several line, of goods to which the house th nk the attention if the publle sho:Id Ju:t now tesprcially called. t o taa" DIGOZZY sRle WEEID. N. T. Caihels Ierat4. s Tbe tour of ex-President Grant in Eu I rope has been quite a aurprise to those who looked upon him as a plain, unas Sanming citisen of the United States. Wherever be has gone be has been received with regal honors, and his well known bigotry has been for him a passport f to the favor of the enemies of the Catholic 1 Church. Gambetta, Bismarck, Castellar a and the other high priests of irreligion weloomed our ex President as a brother. Last week Grant reached Ireland, and the corporation of Dublin gave him the free dom of the city, in return for which he made a speech composed of platitudes and clap-trap. _ It was reserved for the manly and truly Catholic corporation of Cork to administer a fitting rebuke to the brutal and bigoted soldier, who, in October 1875, took advan tage of his exalted position as President of the United States to revive the beastly cry of "No Popery." We have been informed by cable that at a meeting of the Town Council of Cork, on Friday, Jan. 3, after several bitter speeches by Catholic mem bers, a motion that the letter of the United States Consul at Queenstown announcing General Grant's coming be simply marked 'read" was carried without a dissentient vote. A previous motion to give General Grant a proper reception was ignored. In order that our readers may appreciate the justice of the contempt with which the people of Cork have treated Grant, it will I be necessary to say a few words of the i character of the man and his well-known I anti-Catholic proclivities. Gen. Ulyssees Gr.t is a man notoriously t unencumbered by any religious belief at t all. -iHe is, besides this, a very reticent a man, one as little given to speaking right out, as a rule, as the Emperor Napoleon C III. For once, however, this usually Silent I Ruler spoke out, very plainly indeed, on a Friday, October 1, 1d75. The occasion was c his delivery ,f an address at DesMeoines, in t Iowa, to the Reunion of the Society of the t Army of Tennessee. After alluding to the i late civil war in America-a war he himself was chiefly instrumental in bringing to a close, by the simple device of pounding the s South into submission by pouring in over- 3 whelming forces upon troops that were t outnumbered rather than outmnitauvred-- e General Grant startled his hearers by the I utterance of words, reading, ominously b enough, like the declaration of another '7 war-a war far more momentous in its t character. i The reason for this Silent Ruler thanus t speaking out was obvious at a glance, and t, perfectly comprehensible to all who knew r his relations with the bitter anti-Catholic h mob who, years ago, burned churches and a sacked convents. n Grant being essentially a man of this age b -this age of blood and iron, of Liberalism ti and unbelief-took a leaf out of the book c of Prince Otto Von Biesmarck, and, in the I name of the loftiest principle of patriotism, he proclaimed war-as plainly as words could have put it-against the Holy Catho lic Church in the United States. "If," said Grant in his notable speech d at Des Moines, three years ago, "if we have another contest in the near future, I predict that the dividing line will not be Mason and Dixon's line, but one between B patriotism and intelligence on one side, and superstition, ambition and ignorance on the other." He went on : "The cen tennial year work of strengthening the foundation of the structure commenced by Ii our forefathers at Lexington should begin. f, Let us labor for security of free thought, n free speech, free preCn, pure morale, un fettered religious sent:ments" (much he cared about them) "and equal rights and the privileges of all men, irrespective of a nationality, color or religion; encourage I free schools; resolve that not one dollar appropriated to them shall go to the sup port of any sectarian echool ; resolve that neither S:ate nor nation shall support any intats!tioes save these where every child may get common school education unmixed with any ari:teitic, pag.-in or sectarian te3tc-iug ; leave tie matter of religious t,-:clilig to the family altar, and keep Chuicii and State forever separate. Wit: those a iftLguardis, I beliave the battles which created the army of Tennessee will not have been fought in vain." Toe voice was the voice of Grant, but the words, the thoughts, the designs and intentions are distinctly those of Biemarck. The Catholics of Cork do not forget that, when Grant aspired for a third term to the Presidency of the United States, he tried I to strengthen his position as the Republi can candidate by importing in the most invidious manner the religious and anti Catholic element into the political agita tion. He appealed to the religious pat sions of the native American element in our population, and that appeal has now risen in judgment before him in Ireland. If, as is openly stated by the friends of the American Bismarck, Grant should be the Republican candidate for the Presi dency in 1880, the Catholic voters of the United States must show their detestation of his bigotry not only .by voting against him, but by working hard to secure his defeat. Cork has set "Ireland in America" a good example, and we confidently trust that our countrymen will profit by it. A man may wear the same style of hat, coat or pantaloons every year and meet with little or no remark, but let a woman wear anything that pertains to a bygone faehion, and every good sister will soon know all about it. It is undoubted that many men of means pay little attention in their dress to prevailing modes, but when you find a woman habitually regardless of the vagaries of feashion you may safely conclude that she Ihas arrived at san age that can be no longer concealed, or that she has found oat the vanity of all things human and is preparing for a happy death. The folly of fashion is one of the firat the little girl embraces and one of the last the woman relinquishes. A splendid opportunity is ofiered to house keepers to get the best of mattings at great bargains, Mr. J. A. Brsaelman, corner Magazine and St. Andrew streets, haring just received a large stck from late New York auction sales. This stock onsists of white, red and white check, fancy cheek and striped mattings of excellent quality, and Is cfferedl at very Iw prnics. In dry goodse, Mr. Brase'man to also offrtl g I-eat tn duc+erenia to purohasers particularly in b:ack als pacs and mnhalr,, as wil be seen by the list of ptioca hs gives in Lie advertisement in another column of irdh') BTAS. Immense reduoctions in clocks at Leovy Bros'., 5-5 and 5r7 Megazine street. $5 cloakes reduced to t ; 67 cloaks to6, and 63 cloaks to .C50.. Dautia was. es. st. The Bristol election resulted in a strik ing victory for the Home Role cause. Mr. Fry, the Liberal candidate, who pledged himself to vote for what is know as Mr. Butt's motion, was returned by a sweeping majority, and it is confessed on all hands that that majority was supplied by the Irish voters. He had some fifteen hundred votes more than his opponent, Sir Ivor Guest, who refused the demand of the Home Rnlers, and it is remarkable that that is about the number of Irish electors on the register. Since the victory in Manchester no such triumph has been won by the Con federation, sad all who had a share in achieving it deserve the gratitude of the Irish nation. Foremost amongst those are the true-hearted Irishmen of Bristol them selves, and then the representatives of the executive of the Confederation who per sonally took part in the contest-Mr. O'Connor Power and Mr. O!iver. Both these gentlemen, we may add, attended a great meeting in Colston Hall the night be fore the poll, and were accorded a most eo thusiastic reception. New Ross has disappointed the general expectation. Colonel Tottenham, the Tory candidate, has been returned by a majority of five over the National candidate, Mr. Delany. The exact numbers were-for the Tory, 95 votes; for the Home Ruler, 90. A comparison of these numbers with those of the election in 1874 shows that the anti-Irish poll is greater now by ten votes, and the Irish and Catholic less by about thirty. Ofcourse, this is a blot, not upon the people of New Rose, who number close on 7,000, but upon the electorate, which numbers little more than 200; and it will, we are confident, be wiped out on the first 1 opportunity. The manifestations of pop lar indignation which followed the declar- 1 ation of the poll, whatever may be thought i of them on the score of propriety, show unmistakably on which side in the late con- i test lay the feeling of the overwhelming majority of the inhabitants. The threatened eviction at Dowth, of I which our readers heard a good deal a few I years since, is, we regret to see, once more I claiming public attention. A decree for I ejectment has at last been obtained against i hr. Elcock, and it is announced that it will I be pnot into exception on the 4th January. rhe matter has excited a painful interest hbroughout Meath and Loath, and a meet ing of the Tenant Defence Association of I he former county was held a few days ago to take steps to prevent things being car- I vied to extremeties. There is but a small lope that the efforts of the association t will be successful, but even if there were one it would still be the duty of each a t ody to make public the facts of a case 1 han which we cannot recollect any better I talculated to show the insufficiency of the I .and Act of 1670. THE CAREDIAL CULLENI MEMORIAL. The movement for erecting a memorial o the late Cardinal Cullen, being totally levoid of political significance, is one to which every Catholic who knows what reat services the deceased prelate render id to the Church in this country can con iistently give aid. No one dreams of giving to thoproject any political aspect. [t was quite impossible that so eminent an 3cclesiastic, one so highly honored and trusted by the Holy See, and so rich in earning and in virtue, could pass away Prom our midst without leaving in many hinds a desire that something should be Jone to perletuate his memory. The move ,'ent which has been started with that abject is therefore only what might natur lly have been expected to follow his lamented demise. The propaeal to erect in his honor some memorial of a lasting and useful kind-something in keeping with the whole tenor of his life-some church, hospital, orphanage, or school wicb should bear his name-has met with a large amount of public favor. The sub ,cription-list which we publish in another column is evid-nce of that fact; but if the form to be taken by the memorial were OcOe "ti finitely decided on and announced, we think it probabhe t:,at a great impetus wounid be given to t'he collection. Mean wh;le there can b- no doubt that the chief feature of the wtnmtrial, no matter when its exact nature may be fixed, will, in tl:e words of one of the resolutions #lready -dopted, "consist of some lasting work of piety or charity; " and to all intending subscribers this should be a sufficient in ducement to make their contributions as same a truly liberal and generous charao ter. THU HARD WEATBER. Not for many years has weather so severe as the present been known in Ireland. A heavy fall of snow, followed by hard and 1 continuous frost, has given a decided check to the ordinary course of business. There is less than the usual traffic in the streets and less employment in many out-door occupations. To a great portion of the community this is a matter of very little consequence; some people rather like the change from mild, sloppy weather to such a freezing temperature as we have at present, but tb-s3 are persons who have the means of making their homes warm and comfortable, and who, when theytmove out of doors, are well covered up and pro tented from the cold. The case is quite dif ferent with those who have scarcely a spark of fire on their cheerless hearths, who have scarcely a covering of any sort on their wretched beds, whose feet are iwell nigh bare and whose raiment is scanty. For them this time of anow and ice is ifar from being the "fine bracing weather" that some people regard it; it is cruel, perishing, killing weather-weather that almost freezes the blood in their veins and the marrow in their bones, and racks many of them with pains and tortures indescribable. But they can be helped; they can be re lieved. The fortnnate possessors of abundance, can come to their aid and lighten tle pressure of their misery. The spirit of the time is suggestive of this good work. We are nearing the great Christian festival, and even if at other periods of the year the hearts of many amonget us are not quick to feel for the sufferings of the poor, at thia particular time a beonign and holy influence touches them, and they soften and expand with generous emotions. We hope the present will be an open-handed time with all who can afford to give to their poo'er brethren. If they know net themsetlves how best to bestow their chari ties, they can find safe administrators of them in the clergy, the nons, and the St. Vincent de Paul societies, They knowi where the plush of poverty is most keealt felt: they know where families abide eo daring sharp ditress yet iaespable.of ask. ing for alms or seeking the shelter of the workhouse-families and individuals whom a little timely help might tide over the-i dimloulties and enable ere long to resume their position as self-snpporting members of the community. To those ministers of Sharity let the means of affording the need ed succor be given, and the donors will have the happy consciousness of its being well applied. MIA44BA IN WINTERB. A SOLID BRIDGE Or ICE FROM 8HOQRE TO SHORE BuaIlo Coarier. A Courier reporter was sent to the falls yesterday and learned that the ice-bridge became an assured fact on Sunday last. It is really a child of the great snow storm of last week, which accounts for its uncom monly early formation. For some days a large amount of snow-covered ice from Lake Erie has been passing over the falls, and about the beginning of the present week old inhabitants began to look expec tantly for an lee bridge, though it was at least a month earlier than the usual ap pearance of this phenomenon. At 8 o'clock Sunday morning the accunmlated mas of ice came to a standstill beneath the new suspension bridge and the watchers began to hope that there would be a bridge with a smooth surface-a thing unprecedented so far as history or tradition bear record. But the hope was soon dispelled, for the huge dam of ice suddenly began to heave, grind, and break up into fragments with a loud noise which is described as being ex ceedingly trying to the nerves. At 10 o'clock there was a second standstill, and it seem ed certain that the bridge had been formed, but at 2 in the afternoon there was a third and more severe disturbance as the pris oned waters exerted their giant strength in an effort to be free. The battle was a grand one. Vast quantities of ice and snoow were caught in the water's arms and tossed hlther and thither like playthings. Great hummocks weighing hundreds of tons were pushed into the airand remained there as monuments of the fearful battle. Large boulders were torn from the shore and swept into the stream, and the solitary fir, which was wont to mark the landing place of the ferry became a victim to the warring elements, though ordinarily it stands, three feet above high water. The slow, awful strength of the infuriated waters was so apparent that it seemed as If they must rend the great gorge in twain add escape from their thraldom by some new road ; but there was only one gate way for them, and as they coun'd not break the mile-wide dam in two, they lifted it up bodily and swept away beneath. The bridge is, nearly a mile in length, extending from a lane drawn perpendicularly to Point Lookout in the American Park half way to the railroad bridge, and filling the gorge from shore to shore. The first view of the falls brings the heart up into the mouth with a shock that is almost painful in its soddenness and force. The story of Samson and Delilah comes into mind, as one sees how the ice has shorn the waters of their strength. As the spectator stands upon this point, the wind blowe the spray into his face and soon covers him all over with ice jewels; but what cares be for the spray in the enthu siasm of the glorious view! In the park the ice has been as destructive as it is beautiful, and though it has robed the trees and buildings in snowy beauty, it has torn down hunge limbs by its overpowering weight. Looking over to the Canadian shore the observer can see huge icicles of many tons' weight hanging like the ropy locks on the foreheads of giants in the story books. But these eights are as noth ing when compared to the broad sheet of wrinkled snow-ice which lies at his feet. There at is-the conqueror of Niagara sparkling in the sunlight as calmly and peacefully as a patch of snow. There is something majestic, sublime, in its quiet indifference to the it finences of the water power. All traces of the battles of Sunday havi departed, save in the rough surface which from the height of the point is not noticeable to uny great degree. At its upper end the swift current may be seen sweeping fiercely against it, then creeping beneath with a defeated air and coming up ag tin at the lower end quite meekly. Our reporter stood and watched this wondrous spectacle until his eyes were well-nigh blinded by the glare and his note-book leaves were quite stiff with frozen spray, and then descended in the inclined plane to get a nearer acquaintance of the Frost King's handiwork. Verily )King Jack has turned his time to good account on this occasion, and proved that he is as good an artist on a grand scale as on a minute one. Beside the rotunda which stands at the base of the American fall a mountain of snowy spray ice towers up eighty feet high, and is each day climbing higher and higher toward the summit. The dome of the ro tunda bears an ice-crown of exceeding beauty and along the roof of the dressing shed are curious ice formations which nothing less than the photographic camera can adequately picture. Gianticicles hang from the cliffs and every once in a while a hage fragment comes tumblinog down. The ice is perfectly white and seemingly quite porous, but excessively hard-frozen. As it warms in the mouth it aesnucs a gum-like consistency which tempts one to chew it, though he finds it a little too brittle for thst purpose. Its appearance is exactly that of spun glass, and could it be made indestructible and retain its present con sistency it would make very superior bil liard-balls. It is said that the spray which formed this ice wsa perfectly pure, and that if a ton of it were melted it would pro duce no appreciable quantity of sediment. The ice mountain is still in its comparative infancy, but if the wind and the mercury are favorable it will soon be in a condition to form a coasting hill for the people as it did during the winter of 1875. The great ice bridge itself is a counter part in miniature of an Alpine glacier and fully as interesting as if ten days of sea sickness were a necessary preliminary to seeing it. Figures aregpoor makesehifts for assisting the imagination to work, but they will perhaps assist a little in giving an idea of the magnitude of this structure. In thickness it is probably about sixty feet, while the surface of the ice is st least half that distance from the surface of the water. There are crevasses twenty-five or thirty feet in depth and yet they show no aegoe of water. As we have said before, the surface of the ice-bridge or ice-fleld, for it is really that, is exceedingly rough and the work of crossing is very fatiguing. Before long, ....mi ,;L~~rlC.~......... ir~~l ··ir~ai~ 9C~ however, a read will be eareate. the Amerlesn to the Osaadisa there will be quite an easy matter teerees. Of coarse the Cousier reporte, body else must eross the bridge. rsrambleA down and began to ereep Slike a Polar bear towards the shore. His feet slipped around upon rough ice and his eyes glanced fear the gaping cracks which he was obli cross. However, by carefully picking way he succeeded in reaching the ml of the stream, at whiclt point he paused examine the prospect. The view lookis down the gorge was very fine. Op either side rose sheer into the 'air high. walls of atone, icicle-fringed and trimmed with trees that were heavily laden with glistening ice. Down the gorge lay a vast ice field, tightly packed in between the walls of the canon, an - uncouth mass of 1 rugged splendor, and far away against a sky exquisitely clear in its tenoder emerald j hnes, was outlined the old suspension bridge and a tiny train of cars slowly approaching the American shore. The first man who crossed the bridge was Mr. Tom Conroy, the well-known guide who saved a man from the rapids a year or two ago. On Sunday night Mr. Conrey vowed by his right hand and by the moon that he would never cross the bridge, and on Monday morning he kept his vow by crossing to his work just the way he said he would not come. As Mr. Cooroy weighs about 200 pounds he demonstrated to the satisfaction of the good folks of Niag are the entire safety of the bridge for par poses of locomotion. Those who doubt its safety are at liberty to attempt the break. ing of its sixty feet of solid ice. WASTING A PRINCELY CHARITY. THE INCOME OF A MILLION-DOLLAR FUND LOST TO ITS BENEFICIARIES. St. Louis, Dec3l.-In 1851 Judge Bryan Mullanphy bequeathed to the city of St. Louiasomething over $900,000, as a fund to aid "poor emigrants and travellers coming: to St. Louis, on their way, bona fide, to settle in the West." There was consider able litigation over the property, and it did not come into the actual possession of the city till 1860. Then it was discovered that the title of one-third of it was defec tive. But this left over $600.000, and $500,000 of this was in the shape of pro ductive real estate. All this vast property was made free fro_.taxation and pua nder the manage ment of a Board of thirteen Commissioners, with the Mayor of St. Louis a member ex officio. The property has fully doubled in value in the past eighteen years. and is now estimated at fully $5,000,000. The Evensing Post of this city (now the Post and Dispatch), has been investigating the administration of this gigantic trust, and finds that it is a total failure, so far as beneft to emigrants is concerned. Its fig ures show, in fact, that its income has been swallowed up, all but a minute frac tion, by its expenses. The total annual receipts of the fund from the year 1861 to the year 1873 are as follows . 1861...-.......... $11,314 S6 1i68..............3,649 45 i - - - .............. 5,136 I86.............. 94 80496 ic-G.............. 31.79 27 1 1870 ............. 9,60 9 164 .............. 1 581 80 187 -.............. 2.340 0 ie-...-........... 7.750.34 187.....--....-.. 50.30 13 1860............: 32 9-12i 1873.............. 35.,0s4 1.67...._...._.... 26754 - - TotaL.............................. ..--...345,49 E3 The total expenditures for the same time amounted to $345,642. Of this only $51,760 was applied to hhe relief of emi grants, but there was spent $179,630 for improvements, new buildiage and real estate, and $85,000 for salaries. It will be observed that the receipts for 1872 amount ed to $50,930, and that the following year they fell to $35 208. Since 1873 the annual ree.ipts have gradually fallen off, and for 1878" will probably not be over $19000. The expenditures have kept up about in the same ratio as from 1861 to 1873, the bulk of the revenue having been applied to improvements and purchases of real estate. About the smallest expended is that given out in charity. There are not 8) people a year, all told, who get a ceat of aid from the fund. One year there were but $5 applied to charitable purposes another year $74 ; another year $6S0. The highest amount ever paid out to poor emi t.rants in a single year was $11 000. In 1873 sme $7,000 was paid out. This year the amount will not be muco over half that, probably four or five thousand dol lars from a fund of a million dollars. The Post makes no charges of embezzle ment, and attributes the failure of the great enterprise to carelessness on the part of its managers, who include same of the most reputable citizens of St. Lsnis. The Board of Commissioners is composed of the following gent!emen : Alexander Cameron, John S. Costello, D. J. Collins, Edmund F. Sebhreiner, August Frank, Paul A. Fust, R. M. Scruggs, E H. Sheble, James Shaw, David Murphy, Thomas Metcalfe, Charles H. Turner, Frederick Hill and Mayor Overstols. The investiga tion is going on, and interesting develop ments are looked for. How TO SPoIL A CmLD.-Begin young by giving him whatever he cries for. 2. Talk freely before him about his great smartness. 3. Tell him he is too much for you, that you can do nothing with him. 4 Let him learn to regard his father 55 a creature of unlimited power, cspricious and tyrannical-or as a mere whipping machine. 5. Let him learn (from his father's ex ample) to despise his mother. 6. Do not care who or what his co0mpse ions may be. 7. Let him read stories about pirates, Indian fighters, and so on. 8. Let him roam the streets in the eveS ing and go to bed late. 9. Devote yourself to makling money, re membering always that wealth is a better legacy for your child than principles in the heart and habits in the life; and let bil have plenty of money to spend. The children of one home, brothers 5sa a esters, may love each other with an I tense affection when younng;- but that low0 will not stand the wear and tear of tif * unless it be baptized in the grace and, the image of the Eternal Trinity, the Gth of Love. Blessed are they whose bro.. erhood is not only of blood but of sPit' and recorded, not in an earthly regist merely, but in the Book of Life. Braselman's notlee of reduction in prise~ sd great bargains, which will be fomund e fifth pr'' ahead' be readby all the sladls of New Cries-. Read Levy Bros' twolsdvertslemenst ts on fltb peSe.