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wrning >r an end Catholic Messenge
rd lRDo YmYV ISUTDAT MORNINro. NEW OQLEAWS. 8U1Rl4. IFEBRUTL Y s lIE9. rALZWDA 01 T1l WI . dayd.,....Feb. e-- etrai a nd r t Zipbamy. Pneatiom ofl the BIesd Virgil Maday.... Feb. 3-8s. Deas. Priest d Oomfessor. Tasesy.... eb. 4-8t. adrew GerI, Bislhop as Oon/essor. Wdeieday..Fb. -st , atrea. Virgis and Mrtr. Stmsdy...yb. -8t. HyaJn.th ot aiutotU Vri s Mlua,..o.b. 7--8t. Bomuald Abbot. J ..l..yeb. 8-8-. John of Mat. Confessor. The Ecolesiastioal Conference for February will be held next Thurday, aS the Arohbishop i.. Friday last, Oambetta was elected Presl dent of the Chanmber of Deputies by 314 vote. ouat of 405. A decree is published in the Oseervatore Bo mum absolutely forbidding, under any pretext the ale of relise of saint and martyrs. The deoers proceeds from the Congregation of In dalgences, and l. signed by Cardinal Oreglia Lust Sunday Bishop Quinlan confirmed ovel eighty persons In Pensacola, of whioh place Rev. Father Bergrath is pastor. "Of the num bee oonfirmed," says the Adraxnce, 'many are colored and, we are told, not a few are oon verts." Rev. Father Leygraaf, for four years a pro lfesor in the Seminary at Milwaukee, and more rseently Pastor of one of the German churehe. of 8t. Loals, sailed for Europe In companS with Ifie Grace, the Most Rev. Archbishop of New Orleans, on the 221 of January. Fathei Leygraaf, whose health has not been good tfo some time, will visit Rome and Jerusalem be. fore returning to his pastoral charge. Tan LsozLzTrun -Last Thursday night in the caucus of the Democratic members of the Legielature, the struggle for the seat in the United States Senate, now oooupied by Mr. Enstis, came to a close by the selection of Mr. E. F. Jonas, who, on the third ballot received fifty-nine votes. Friday, at mid-day, the Houses met in Joint Session, and Mr. Jonus was elected by ninety-eight votes to twenty eight cast for Warmoth. That during the rnet six years Louisiana will have a faithful and energetio representative in the Senate no one who knows Mr. Jot as can doubt. Though comparatively a young man he oocupies a high position at the bar and has had a large and varied experience in political affairs as member of the Senate and leader of his party In the House of Representatives. For four years he illed the position of City Attorney with credit. Thursday the Senate adopted the bill repeal ing the charter of the Louisiana Lottery by a voteof nineteen to seventeen. The Legislature will adjourn to-night. Rev. Father Querat, for some years pastor of the Church of the Annunoooiation, Houston, Texas, is at present in the city, the guest of Father Boris, Pastor of the Church of the Saered Heart of Mary. For twenty-five years Father Qaerat, has labored zealously on the missione In Texas. During a great part of that time he was on the frontiers of oivilization, but the last decade of years he spent in Houston, where he built a fine brick church and a sub. stantial three story brick sehoolhoouse. Some months age his sight began to fall, and as the esells gave him very little hope of relief in the near future he resigned the pastoral charge of the church in Houston, to the great sorrow of the people of that town by whom he Is greatly esteemed. Father Querat leaves Monday evening for Galveston, in company with Bishop Pellicer. In April he expects to pay a visit to his old home in France. In an admirable editorial, headed "The Firsl Jubilee of the Definition of the Dogma of the Immeeulate Conception of the Blessed Virgir Mary," the Universe, of Bologna, of January 8th, calls the attention of Catholics to the boat that the Sth of December next will be the 25th Annlversary of the Definition of the Dog ma. Hence it should be for nous the occasion o great rejoicing, the object of a great Feast and this for several reason ; slt, beoause i Is only right and just that we should, whet the opportunity presents itself, manifeet moe especially our firm belief in the teachings o our Holy Church; 2dly, because this grani act of faith in the doctrine of the Immsoulat+ Conception on that day, will be, on our part, . solemn protest against the degrading spirit ol our age, which is a spirit of sensualism, ra tionalism, soolalism and corruption ; 331y becaunese this act of ours, this manifests tion of our faith, will not fail to give consola tion to "Our common Father," the worthj sucoessor of Pins IX surnamed the Pope of the Immeoulate Conception, Leo XIII. who, too, loves Mary Immsoulate, and wishes her to b~ loved and honored throughout the whole world. It is proposed to hold a oonvention of dole gates representing Irish Sooelties in Chloagre on St. Patrick's Day for the purpose of giving a new impetus to the olonization movement Mr. Dillon O'Brien, of St. Paul, Minn., hbe opened correspobdence wlth 8soleties on the subjeot, and Bt. Patrick's Boolety of Chloagc has adopted the followlng resolutione: Whereas, The subjectof Irish colonization or the Isad into the Western etates and territortie ts now, more than ever before,justly engeaging the attention of the Irish people in the United tates and at bome; and W'hres, The oooupanoy and possesion of the load whiebh invites the industry and promises s abundant reward to the patient toil of our people, is a question of vital importance to abe well-being and lfature of the Irish race in Ameeioe, resolvd, That the St. Patrick's Sooiety of 1Chiaeo would heartily second the suggeetlon .1 holding a oonfeienoe of representatives foc the parpose of ooaneling together uas to the moet esotlve and praticable agency to eid and forward so desirable a movement, and will gladly weloome esch a gathering in Chioagt at an early day. Cannot our Sooletles ollb together and send a few delegates with a view to showing the Irishmen of the North the advantages of s tablishing a few oolonies in the Tecbe contr, and other perts of Louiesiean. gi, The AntI-Jesuit Whirlwind. ' v The Infidels of France are, it seems, 7 moving for the expulsion of the Society of Jesuns from that Republic. We know that the storms of heaven are-made use of as r- instruments to satter far and wide the fruitful seeds of tree and shrub and grass. Were it not for this agency each species of , vegetable crestion would be hobiefly con- o fined to the neighborhood of its place of origin, sand, indeed, nearly all the world would be a desert. But the tem pest comes, a the ripe germ is torn from its sheltering pod, and creation is multiplied in myriad C sl. shapes of varied leaf and flower and fruit. tes Something of the same agency is found in the moral world, that is, an involuntary o propaganda of violence. The Barbarian in vasions of the Roman Empire opened chan he nels of communication and set in motion n. currents of intercourse that carried the is. seeds of Christianity abroad throughout w all Europe. The armed enthusiasm of the rer Crusades, though like the upheaval of a ' m. volcano in its violence, scattered far and r wide the germs of commerce and eivilisa- m n. tion. To-day Catholicity is rapidly ex tending its benign empire over America, m principally because a rude and implacable be o despotism at home has driven the faithful re Irish race by the hundred thousand into hi al 1invtutary mission of religious con- ye of quest here. Cl But it Is not enough that the world sr should be Catholic; it must be intelligently e. Catholic, it must be eminently Catholic. e The faith must not only be accepted, it 81 must be thoroughly realized and practical in ly acted out. Though a people may he be Catholic, its Catholicity can be of a ni Ir. lower order than elsewhere-less vital, Di kr. lees zealous, more diluted with the w' ed spirit of the world. Such Catholics need he instruction in the subtler truths of the tit as spiritual life. They know the letter of the Bi ;y- law; its spirit is manifested to them but is he dimly. Such a people may be honest and in an a perfectly good faith, without a taint of wil- Ca e fal infidelity and diabolism among them. de i They, then, merely need spiritualizing, and of they are in a condition to receive it. How wt can that end be effected I hi f It is conceded by all that the Jesuits are da e. among the greatest masters of the spiritual iy life, as Ltey are among the purest and oa brightest proficients in its practical exer- an 6l- cise. The fundamental principle of their a rule is obedience; the origin of all evil ' was and is disobedience. Consequently its their very rule forces them to war upon on of evil in its stronghold, and puts them on bo n, the shortest road to perfection. Obedience of is the only virtue necessary, for it fulfils eis not only all the law but all the counsels. re An obedient man has conquered himself foi *e and he has conquered the Devil. He has Lc at climbed to an elevation from which he can TI at look 'down through a purer and calmer the b_ atmosphere upon the wide expanse of hu- toi ne man temptation and human frailty unroll- vo e ed as a panorama at his feet. Such a man let in is the true Jesuit-and they are all true. we al He is the living embodiment of self-abne- cil at gation. His presence among a people car- me he ries with it peace and wisdom and an te unworldliness. bil my As a matter of course, the world is in cel to arms against sunbch men, just as it crucified tie their Master, and, therefore, we were not the rst surprised to find the following paragraph thi he in the New York Sun : ;in The moderate Republican papers in France its are once more writiog against the Jesuits. SThe journal of M. Edmond About draws atten- al he tion to the fact tt that the Jesoits now possess thi he in France no fewer than fifty-nine houses; ; whereas, "when M. de Montlosler uttered his ocry of alarm" under the Restoration, they only we possessed six. The Jesuits are, therefore, far nul t; more formidable than when they were inter sit doted for the last time in France, and the present Government is soonsed of "weakness Ien bordering on complicity" in tolerating this so not oiety. The question is: What will the Gov of ernment do Will they make secular edoca- Fr fion obligatory, and will thby drive the Jesuits out of the country, as they were, driven out in rte the reigns of Henri IV. Louis XV. and Charles we I,s a T M. Dufaure is a Catholi ; so is M. Bar- te of doux; but most of their colleagues are Protes tante, and oan. therefore, entertain no reli- Mc ra- gious scruples about according the demand of lec ly, advanced and even moderate Liberals. Pr ts- Formidable Jesuits ! Fifty-nine houses! Ca 1a- Protestant Councilors of France ! Lit us Cb by see what all this means. It means, first, in that though France is a Catholic nation, t and its Protestant population is but an in- roi le significant fraction of the whole, yet Pro- Re testants have gotten control of the Govern- int ment; they form a majority of the national i le- Council. Notwithstanding which fact, only wt go one of an unbroken series of similar pheno- sri t mena, we shall continue to hear, as we have col Salways heard, that the Catholic Church col he is a political organiszation and that its co go designs upon political power render it an dangerous to the State. on It means, secondly, that the Jesuits are ex 55 "formidable" to the Devil only and his g allies. Of course, if Protestant Conncillors a he of State can "eotertain no religions acrop- In Slee" about persecuting them, it is clear that g or the religion of those Ceunocilors is the re- n, In ligion of the Devil, or in intimate accord of with his tastes. ap S It means, thirdly, that fifty-nine houses TI or of the Society of Jesus are too nLuch of a ta Sgood thing to be left isolated in a little th ll place like France. Their inmates are In go needed in this country ; they are needed is od every where. Theyarean army equipped m he for battle ; they are ready to go forth from re . their citadel and evangelize the world. w ry We heartily thank Catholic France for m havitg organized and disciplined that io gi vincible army; shall we consider it an no mixed evil II a Protestant.lnfidel French Government drives it forth to leaven all the Catholic hosts of the world with its own heroism and lead them on to glorious though silent victories of the Cross I We doubt very much that the power of radicalism in France cane push its malign lefluence so far as to obtain the expulslio of the Jesuits. But if it can, it will; it will sweep the whole institution from the soil of France as with a whirlwind. For t' nate whirlwind for other lands, bearing g with it snob prolific seed of the grandest d Christian virtues, of the highest spiritual development 1 y Candlemas. The Purification of the Blessed Virgin, the Feast of to day, is known also by the old English name of Candlemas. Candles will to-day be blessed in every church e in the city just before the last mass unless where otherwise announced. Wherever no announcement at all was made last Snnday, it may be accepted, as a matter of course, that the cere mony will take place at 10 o'clock and before the commencement of mass. il The seal of Catholics in having candles e blessed is very noticeable even in this age, yet it is not so great as in the first ages of Christianity. In those early days blessed candles were often thoroughly penetrated with some perfume which was gradually set free in burning so that the air was filled with a grateful fragrance. Every household should be provided with these instruments of religious solem nity, so constantly used in all the ceremo nies of the Church. The pa flame of the wax taper is the chosen emblem of faith. It burns on the altar at mass and vesper e time and during the Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. The lighted candle is placed in the infant's hand at baptism n and held in the feeble grasp of the dying Catholic. It barns beside the bier of the dead, an emblem alike in life and in death, of that faith of which the Christian living was not ashamed, and which assures to him, though dead, the light of an eternal e day. 1 In every well ordered house the blessed a candle is ready to be lighted during storms and other convulsions of the elements, as r well as in case of the administration of any sacrament which urgency may bring within its walls. Let us not be ashamed either of our faith or of its beautiful and holy sym bols. The Lottery Bill We are greatly pleased to find that our f forebodings as to Senatorial action on the a Lottery repeal bill were not prophetic. i The bill has become law notwithstanding r the powerful opposition of patriotic Sena tors. Nineteen to seventeen was a close vote anod justifies s in the feelings of anx Sliety which we entertained. The struggle i. was a severely contested one, and, among city Senators, it seems that Mr. Zacharie - merits especial mention for both the zeal I and the ability of his championship of the bill. As to the Senators who opposed it, a certainly there cannot be the least doubt of I their zeal. There was evidence enough in t the strenuous exertions which they made, h that they were in earnest. Altogether, the public may congratulate e itself on this legislative action as another sign that a better day has dawned, and s that gradually our State will be freed from every remnant of the slavery in which she was bound by an insolent and corrupt r usurpation. Grevy. McMahon is no longer President of France and Mr. Grevy fills his place. The change took place as quietly as though it s were an ordinary every-day affair, although the time was when it was thought that SMcMahon's resignation would be equiva lent to an announcement of civil war. President McMahon was pressed by his Cabinet, at the instance of the French s Chambers, to sanction a proposed change in the principal commands of the army. Staunch conservative generals were to be rnmoved and replaced by others of known Republican proclivities. This move was intended to secure the control of the army 1 in the Radical interest in case of revolution, V while McMahon wished to count on the - army in the opposite interest, in such a e contingency. If he should sanction the h contemplated change he could no longer 5 consider himself master of the situation, tand he preferred to realgo. At this distance it appears as though the Sex-President had over-estimated the emer Sgency. The money market of a country is an unfailling index of general opinion as to impending danger and by far the safest S standard that can be adopted in forming jadgments regarding the immediate fature I of events. Judging by this test, these is no appreciable danger of revolution in France. s The Republic may be accepted as an es a tablished fact, but a Republic in which all le the elements of extinct Legitimism and e Imperialism and conservative Republican d ism will be found fused into a powerfal d majority of good order, before which the n raving, frothing minority of Radicalism i. will be impotent. It is quite possible that a ,r majority will be found to war upon reli gion under the name of education, but we oannot believe badicalism will be permit ted to renew its characteristic results of anarchy. The army stake played for by politi cians on both sides, is more of a myth than anything else. The day is past when a French army was a mere machine to be set in motion according to the caprice of a General-in-chief. Individual opinion has taken the place of unthinking obedience, not only with the private soldier but with officers of every grade, and in case of a break up, three armies would be found as the result, corresponding with the three great factions of civil politics. But the Bourse, as we have said, indi eates most unbesitatingly that there will be no break up, no revolution, that the form of government has acquired stability, and that political antagonism, instead of burning chateaux and erecting guillotines, will, just as in other countries, effervesce in wordy patriotism on the stamp and frothy rhetoric In the legislative halls. (Communiated.) Repudiation or Compromise. Doubtless, that by the time this number of the Monxmwo STAR goes to press, the Legisla tare will have only a few hours to sit before adjourning lse dis, and will have omitted to adopt any bill for remodelling the Feuded Debt 9f lew Qrleans, and that therefore the Premism Bond Plan will dontlhne to lia opera tive for at least another year. In the consultations held in Mayor Patton's parlor, two principal propositions were dis oussed. One, presented by the Mayor himself, is to soale the debt at forty per cent. in bonds bearing four per cent interest. The other, pre sented by distinguished fianoiers and bond holders, is to issue new bonds for the whole debt, at par, payable in fifty years, with inter eat at two and a half per cent during ton years and at three per cent during the remainder of the time. The Banded Dabt now amounts to about 818,000,000; and besides this the city owes a large floating debt which she cannot pay out of current income. If the Mayor's plan of scaling were adopted, it would reduce the debt to $7,200,000. This would require annual txation daroing fifty years. as follows : To provide for the principal.......... 144 0'0 2o pay interest copons ............. .. 2,00-$43:,000 If the other plan were carried out, it would require during ten years: To provide for principal.............. $J6 t0 To pay interest coupons............ 45J,000--$1i0 030 and annually afterwards- t eor principal ......................... 36,o00 c For sonpons........... .............. 54),00-$0.0, 0 As the prinoipal of the bonds is made pay- t able at the end of fifty years, but as a fiftieth most be raised every year, both plans contem plate that, instead of being oonsigned to soon- d molate in a dormant sinking foond, this yearly t fiftieth shall be used, as fast as collected, in a purohasing thebonde from those willing to sell a them, before maturity, to the city at par or for y less. By the Mayor's plan, it will sffi ,e to raise only $132,000 annually to meet barh principal t and interest; but by that of the finoanciers b $450,000 or $540,000 would be required to pay r, the interest only-making it necessary to raise a the additional saw of $360.000 every year to t, provide for paying the principal at maturity. fl Thus the taxpayers and bondholders are in a direct opposition ; for the Mayor's plan ia that n of the taxpayers; and offers all they are willing p or able to pay. o True that by both plans the yearly parohases a would not only red toe the debt itself, but each of these reductions would lesson the amount h required to pay the interest-coupons There is. e however, on this point, a material difference. n By the taxpayer's plan, there would always be after paying interest, a sum left to buy bonds with; but, by the financiers' plan, every dollar that could be raised, by supportable taxation, a woull be absorbed by the interest portion of the debt. At the end, the debt would be about a the same as it is to day. Foir hundred and t ifty thousand dollars is the maximum which d the part of the property-tax applicable to the t funded debt, on a fair assessment can possibly I bring. h Bat it is said that the value of property, in this city, will rise. Increased prosperity, from commerce and manufactures, new buildings and influx of po3plation will,it is hoped, make property more valuable. Alasl is it reason- , able to expect this so long as the whole value is burdened by a mortgage of $20,000,000, which is equal to a fourth or a third of a. fair assessment ? Who will start an enterprise I here and expose his capital to such a charge f Manifestly the development of New Orleans, t so far as the value of its taxed property or i fixed capital is concerned, will be insignif- I cant, II this burden and the conseqouent tax rate is not deminished, so as to leave a net , and sure income of at least four per cent to a the enterprisers and landlords generally. 1 But the bondholders raise the ory of "repa diatlon." They say they are willing to compromise or compound by a reduction of the interest only, This is now five, six and easven per cent; and they are willing to take two and a half for a few years and then three. Clesarly, in prinolple, a redootion of Interest is as moh a "oompromise" or a "repudiation," as would be a reduction of the debt itself. 8o that, after all, the real question between the partiss is merely one of sesnt. The Premium and other bonds were bought by the present holders at an average of about thirty-three oents on the dollar. Henoce, if they could colleot interest in flol, they would get fifteen, eighteen or .twenty-one per cent on their investment. If only the interest is re daced to two and a half and three, but the faoe of the bonds is maintained, they would get seven and a half or nine per cent interest; and this in presence of the fact that enormous amounts of oapital are now seekling permanent and safe investment in this country at folnt per oent. The normal and legltimats rats of in tearet, in the United States sow, is four per cent; and the tendency of the money market is to put it down to a level with the rates of the Banks of England and Franos. Any man who takes more, on a safe investment, would, is for oosehentie, be glolty of usory. It follows that, eooording to oonsoieneo, the present bond bolders should be content to reoeive the amount of their actual Investment, with inter eel at four per .oen. It is with a bad grace that they cry "repudiation," and flaunt their bonds in the face of the oficials who represent that soulese entity, the Corporation of New Or loses. Let as aqsume that this corporation is bound, of lass. but must we apply to its sote the maxim that the King ean do no wrong Must we admit that the municipal governuent so far as anthoraiad by the State, of which it is a fgment, dose no wrong when it imposes exorbitant and oppressive taxes; and thasithe people are justly bound to pay any enormous or corrupt debt the munioipal or State Govern ment may contract Most we admit thepower of virtual confisoation, through the medium of taxation i Borely, a tax which is to be levied daring fifty years, and is equal to the income derived by the owner from his property, is, in effect, confiscation. It renders the property worth less. Property is never worth more than the amount of oapital wbioh would bring interest equal to the set prooeedsof rent. If a thousand dollars brings eighty dollars interest, then a bouse gy!ldingi: a ti rent of eighli dollars is hot worth mnre than a thousand dollars. If then virtual confiscation ,is a wrong, a self evident violation by the corporation and State of their obligations, to the people it is right and just to reelst-practlially at least, no mat ter how legal the injury may be, theoretically. Practically the Government cos do wrong. It has done so; and by all means, abort of revolu tion and violence, its tyranny and rapine should be thwarted. There are really three parties in presence (1) the corporation, (2) the bondholders, and (3) the individual citizens. The corporation, with the connivance of the bondholders, has violated its obligation to the latter. It has wasted their money, incurred an enormous debt without consideration and contrary to previ ones prohibitory laws; and created a yearly deficiency by appropriations in excess of rev enue. All this was notorious-known by all the people, and particularly by the so-called original oreditors to whom the bonds were issued. Al subsequent holders also knew it. What moral reason is there then to stay the taxpayer from demanding the scaling, if not the absolute repudiation, of such a debt in curred by a notoriously unfaithful agent? Even if the taxpayers are defenoeless at law, they certainly have moral rights to which they may properly and honorably appeal. It is conceded that corporations are indivi duals-that each is legally a person; and under the same law, as to its duties and obligations, as any other person. It may become insolvent as other persons do. For example the City of New Orleans, in her corporate capacity, is in solvent. She osannot pay neoessary ourrent expenses-oanuot pay her ofi Hrs and servants their salaries-oaunot pay her schoolmasters, her policemen, her gas bill-has no money to repair or pave the streets, landings, wharves and levees which are so absolutely necsesary to the existence of her commeroe. A large fi ating debt has arisen and is clamoring against her. The sum which will be required next year to comply with the Premium Bond Plan is $603,000 -in five years it will be upwcards of$700,000; in fifteen upwards a $1,000,000, and so on crescendo to $1 5930030. The resources of her oitirzns are not inex ha•stable. Toe limit of them has been reach ed. Clearly the city is insolvent. If she can not take the benefit of the insolvent law in oourt, she is refused a right which every other person enjoys. Ineqsa!ity before the law is a grevious wrong, even noconstitutional under an express clause. Ise it not therefore honor able on her part, as it would be on the part of any other debtor, to call upon her creditors to take all she is able to pay, and to grant her a disoharge for what she caonot and ought not to pay i Such is the question now before the Mayor and Administrators. Will they as heretofore take the side of bondholders, or re pent and stand by their mandator, the people who elected them ? It is urged that hereafter the city may be able to pay the whole debt, but this is mere speoulation fraught with many years of in fieted suffering or attempts at extortionate taxation. No doubt, an insolvent may perhaps somehow come to better fortune, but a mere hope based on no present fact, and only on a dream of a future good turn of the wheel of for tune, is not a reason for not acting on the exist ing reality. No one oan confidently predict that, in spite the otactual inuoobus, values and pros perity will advance puripasse with the future requirements of the whole bonded debt if it stands nreduced. On the contrary, it is to be feared that the borden itself will prevent the wished for development of commeroe, in dustry and enterprise. It is said that if the debt is scaled, the city will lose her credit; but she has lost it already; and so much the better; for, it dlsables her agents from being extravagant-forces her to live within her means, and prevents her from running into debt. It is pleasant to think that usurious capitalists will not trust her; and that her agents will find it impossible, as heretofore, to borrow millions for extravagant and unreal expenditure: In Switzerland the death penalty has been abolished for some years, but so fearful have been the consequennoes that the Council of State have agreed to diseuass its re-establish ment. The alarming inorease of murder in most Cantons seems, we are told, to have im pressed the Swiss with the conviction that the penalties now in force are very inefficient de. terrente. Nor is it in Switzerland alone that publio opinion Is undergoing a change on the subject. Thesame thing may be seen all over the Continent. Fatheu Ryal's Lat Le0tuWe. St. Patriek's Hell had quite flee gathering last Sunday night, to liateo to the po-.priest of the Soath on the very poetical subject " Tears, Temples ad Tombs ;" but to attep to record in written ehborters the words of Father Ryan is like trying to olleest the dew. drop, from the grass or the sunbhine from the flower. They glitte.and sparkle as they fall from his lips. but they cannot be trausfer.re to paper without losing aportloa of their light and beauty. Although three of the city apers reported this lecture, not one of them oaught all then equaisite meaning of the thougLht expressd somewhat in the following words: "Christ drank the chalice of human sufering to tis bitter dregse, but upon its rim He left the sweetnes of His lips, and since that day every earthly chalice has traces of tlqu divine sweet. nes mingled with its gall. Who but Father Ryan could have said so touobhingly all that the theght of the Saviour's Paesion doe for the souls of meat Thie thought indeed eweetes all the toiea the missionary, all the agony of the martyr, all the sacrifioes of the prlesthood, all the daily trials of the sincerely humble soul. " He has left the sweetne.s of His lips upon - the rim of every challce." A, we aon press our own there now in poverty, in humiliation in abandonment and desolation, and yet not murmur, for the sweetnes of His lips take. all the bitterness from our own. Again, letherW yq satldd "The shadow of Eil ornolAion has become the sunshine of human history." Could there be a brighter thought than thle, or words more expressive of the glory of the Redemption-of God's loving meroy to a fallen race "The sunshine of human history.' All a Png the ages of the past, when the world was shrouded in the darkness of pagan rauelty and pride; all through the middle ages, when blood poured like water around the footsteps of the human race; all adown these modern days of oorrup. tion, crime and suffering, the only sunshine is that which comes from the shadow of the cross. We who are Catholies know that only snob homes are bright, only such souls are pure, only such hearts are blessed, as own this sonshine and live within its brightness. Haman history shows dark scenes in every place that lies beyond the inofluence of this eternal sunshine. It shows the cruelly of Greece, the voluptouneness of Rome. It points to the horrors of serfdom, to the darknes of slavery. It unfolds the degrading vassalage of man, the terrible bondage of woman-but the aunehise shone aroess this darkness and changed it into light. The truce of God, the bhivalry of knighthood, the sacrednees of the marriage vow, the purity of the cloister, the glorious zeal of the priesthood; these mark the gleaming of that susehine which throws over human history a light for every shadow, a ray of glory for every cloud of gloom. We cannot desoribe the beautiful ploture drawn by Father Ryan of God's Temple placed between the Tear of Borrow and the Tomb of Hope. Man's life begins in tears-and closes in the tomb; bat the Temple, in which Christ stands, explains the mystery of one and trans. fgures the darkness of the other. He placed a diadem upon the brow of Borrow, and shed a halo of hope around every tomb. From His Temple He speaks words of comfort for every human woo, He sends a gleam of grace for every human anguish, He strethmes hands of help to every human wretchedness. Tears flow towards His Temple, but He lifts them from His feat to the throne of God, and brings them back with blessings upon man. The tomb is no longer a place of darkness, for which we exchange the light and joy and love of earth. On our way thither, we haeel down within Christ's Temple, and cry out: "I believen!"-and this divine affirmation trans figures the tomb and sheds above it the glory of the Resurrection.' Ouar eyes tabernsoale tears. They are always there, hidden sometimes. but ready to flow at the frst touch of sorrow, at the irst whisper of pain. Sometimes they freese within their depths, and change the gloom of sorrow into the starless midnight of despair; but Christ lays His hand upon the tearles eyseand trans figures the drops that flow beneath His touch into jewels for our crown. We do not pretend to give the exact words of the orator, they escape us as the sunshine escapes our fingers, as the dewdrops vanish from our touch; but we know the beautiful moral of his lecture is that there is hope in Tears, Christ In His Temple, and Faith in the Tomb. We must all weep, for sorrow is our portion -joy is only the foam on the crest of the wave that breaks upon the shore of eternity; but those tesars will one day reach the heart of Christ, and in the after-world shall glesam Ilike stars within the cloudless skies of Heaven. We must all die-bat He who went down into the tomb bas sounded all its depths and measured all its woe; and as He rose from the tomb to Heaven, leaving the starlight radlance of His footsteps along the road, so we, too, shall rise with Him and follow where He leads the way. Yes, there are tears and tombs along man's pilgrimage, from its opening to its olos; bhut God's Temple stands between, and on its altu* steps we learn how Christ, for love of us, h5 blest all tombs and seanotifled all tears, and " How the heart that Tempest aod Sorrow Have bes agiLonst tor years. Must look for a suImme morow eyeond the Temple of Tears." A oorrespondent writes "Many of your readers who take an interest in German news wrill be pleased at hearing that on New Test's Day, in the town of Eiohstadt in Bavaria, gol emn High Mae was song by three old stadenwt of the Eolmiestical Seminary of that pis, who are actually serving in the German army. These three priests (Fathers Charles Fisher John Sohmits, and William Vogel) who ae ill of the Cologne diocese, while under mllit5rY role, come daily to their old seminary for the nfght. Rather than go into exile they hobe the soldler', lot. A slmlllar ose perhap. n*YF happened before, as three soldiers cgeriog the divrine esrime tog ethber.-'