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The morning star and Catholic messenger. (New Orleans [La.]) 1868-1881, February 02, 1879, Morning, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86086284/1879-02-02/ed-1/seq-4/

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wrning >r an end Catholic Messenge
rALZWDA 01 T1l WI .
dayd.,....Feb. e-- etrai a nd r t Zipbamy.
Pneatiom ofl the BIesd Virgil
Maday.... Feb. 3-8s. Deas. Priest d Oomfessor.
Tasesy.... eb. 4-8t. adrew GerI, Bislhop as
Wdeieday..Fb. -st , atrea. Virgis and Mrtr.
Stmsdy...yb. -8t. HyaJn.th ot aiutotU Vri s
Mlua,..o.b. 7--8t. Bomuald Abbot.
J ..l..yeb. 8-8-. John of Mat. Confessor.
The Ecolesiastioal Conference for February
will be held next Thurday, aS the Arohbishop
Friday last, Oambetta was elected Presl
dent of the Chanmber of Deputies by 314 vote.
ouat of 405.
A decree is published in the Oseervatore Bo
mum absolutely forbidding, under any pretext
the ale of relise of saint and martyrs. The
deoers proceeds from the Congregation of In
dalgences, and l. signed by Cardinal Oreglia
Lust Sunday Bishop Quinlan confirmed ovel
eighty persons In Pensacola, of whioh place
Rev. Father Bergrath is pastor. "Of the num
bee oonfirmed," says the Adraxnce, 'many are
colored and, we are told, not a few are oon
Rev. Father Leygraaf, for four years a pro
lfesor in the Seminary at Milwaukee, and more
rseently Pastor of one of the German churehe.
of 8t. Loals, sailed for Europe In companS
with Ifie Grace, the Most Rev. Archbishop of
New Orleans, on the 221 of January. Fathei
Leygraaf, whose health has not been good tfo
some time, will visit Rome and Jerusalem be.
fore returning to his pastoral charge.
Tan LsozLzTrun -Last Thursday night in
the caucus of the Democratic members of the
Legielature, the struggle for the seat in the
United States Senate, now oooupied by Mr.
Enstis, came to a close by the selection of Mr.
E. F. Jonas, who, on the third ballot received
fifty-nine votes. Friday, at mid-day, the
Houses met in Joint Session, and Mr. Jonus
was elected by ninety-eight votes to twenty
eight cast for Warmoth. That during the
rnet six years Louisiana will have a
faithful and energetio representative in the
Senate no one who knows Mr. Jot as can
doubt. Though comparatively a young man
he oocupies a high position at the bar and has
had a large and varied experience in political
affairs as member of the Senate and leader of
his party In the House of Representatives.
For four years he illed the position of City
Attorney with credit.
Thursday the Senate adopted the bill repeal
ing the charter of the Louisiana Lottery by a
voteof nineteen to seventeen.
The Legislature will adjourn to-night.
Rev. Father Querat, for some years pastor of
the Church of the Annunoooiation, Houston,
Texas, is at present in the city, the guest of
Father Boris, Pastor of the Church of the
Saered Heart of Mary. For twenty-five years
Father Qaerat, has labored zealously on the
missione In Texas. During a great part of that
time he was on the frontiers of oivilization, but
the last decade of years he spent in Houston,
where he built a fine brick church and a sub.
stantial three story brick sehoolhoouse. Some
months age his sight began to fall, and as the
esells gave him very little hope of relief in
the near future he resigned the pastoral
charge of the church in Houston, to the great
sorrow of the people of that town by whom he
Is greatly esteemed. Father Querat leaves
Monday evening for Galveston, in company
with Bishop Pellicer. In April he expects to
pay a visit to his old home in France.
In an admirable editorial, headed "The Firsl
Jubilee of the Definition of the Dogma of the
Immeeulate Conception of the Blessed Virgir
Mary," the Universe, of Bologna, of January
8th, calls the attention of Catholics to the
boat that the Sth of December next will be the
25th Annlversary of the Definition of the Dog
ma. Hence it should be for nous the occasion o
great rejoicing, the object of a great Feast
and this for several reason ; slt, beoause i
Is only right and just that we should, whet
the opportunity presents itself, manifeet moe
especially our firm belief in the teachings o
our Holy Church; 2dly, because this grani
act of faith in the doctrine of the Immsoulat+
Conception on that day, will be, on our part, .
solemn protest against the degrading spirit ol
our age, which is a spirit of sensualism, ra
tionalism, soolalism and corruption ; 331y
becaunese this act of ours, this manifests
tion of our faith, will not fail to give consola
tion to "Our common Father," the worthj
sucoessor of Pins IX surnamed the Pope of the
Immeoulate Conception, Leo XIII. who, too,
loves Mary Immsoulate, and wishes her to b~
loved and honored throughout the whole
It is proposed to hold a oonvention of dole
gates representing Irish Sooelties in Chloagre
on St. Patrick's Day for the purpose of giving
a new impetus to the olonization movement
Mr. Dillon O'Brien, of St. Paul, Minn., hbe
opened correspobdence wlth 8soleties on the
subjeot, and Bt. Patrick's Boolety of Chloagc
has adopted the followlng resolutione:
Whereas, The subjectof Irish colonization or
the Isad into the Western etates and territortie
ts now, more than ever before,justly engeaging
the attention of the Irish people in the United
tates and at bome; and
W'hres, The oooupanoy and possesion of the
load whiebh invites the industry and promises
s abundant reward to the patient toil of our
people, is a question of vital importance to
abe well-being and lfature of the Irish race in
resolvd, That the St. Patrick's Sooiety of
1Chiaeo would heartily second the suggeetlon
.1 holding a oonfeienoe of representatives foc
the parpose of ooaneling together uas to the
moet esotlve and praticable agency to eid
and forward so desirable a movement, and will
gladly weloome esch a gathering in Chioagt
at an early day.
Cannot our Sooletles ollb together and send
a few delegates with a view to showing the
Irishmen of the North the advantages of s
tablishing a few oolonies in the Tecbe contr,
and other perts of Louiesiean.
gi, The AntI-Jesuit Whirlwind. ' v
The Infidels of France are, it seems,
7 moving for the expulsion of the Society of
Jesuns from that Republic. We know that
the storms of heaven are-made use of as
r- instruments to satter far and wide the
fruitful seeds of tree and shrub and grass.
Were it not for this agency each species of
, vegetable crestion would be hobiefly con- o
fined to the neighborhood of its place of
origin, sand, indeed, nearly all the world
would be a desert. But the tem pest comes, a
the ripe germ is torn from its sheltering
pod, and creation is multiplied in myriad C
sl. shapes of varied leaf and flower and fruit.
tes Something of the same agency is found in
the moral world, that is, an involuntary
o propaganda of violence. The Barbarian in
vasions of the Roman Empire opened chan
he nels of communication and set in motion
n. currents of intercourse that carried the
is. seeds of Christianity abroad throughout w
all Europe. The armed enthusiasm of the
rer Crusades, though like the upheaval of a '
m. volcano in its violence, scattered far and
r wide the germs of commerce and eivilisa- m
n. tion. To-day Catholicity is rapidly ex
tending its benign empire over America, m
principally because a rude and implacable be
o despotism at home has driven the faithful
re Irish race by the hundred thousand into hi
al 1invtutary mission of religious con- ye
of quest here. Cl
But it Is not enough that the world
sr should be Catholic; it must be intelligently
e. Catholic, it must be eminently Catholic. e
The faith must not only be accepted, it 81
must be thoroughly realized and practical
in ly acted out. Though a people may
he be Catholic, its Catholicity can be of a ni
Ir. lower order than elsewhere-less vital, Di
kr. lees zealous, more diluted with the w'
ed spirit of the world. Such Catholics need
he instruction in the subtler truths of the tit
as spiritual life. They know the letter of the Bi
;y- law; its spirit is manifested to them but is
he dimly. Such a people may be honest and in an
a perfectly good faith, without a taint of wil- Ca
e fal infidelity and diabolism among them. de
i They, then, merely need spiritualizing, and of
they are in a condition to receive it. How wt
can that end be effected I hi
f It is conceded by all that the Jesuits are da
e. among the greatest masters of the spiritual
iy life, as Ltey are among the purest and oa
brightest proficients in its practical exer- an
6l- cise. The fundamental principle of their
a rule is obedience; the origin of all evil '
was and is disobedience. Consequently its
their very rule forces them to war upon on
of evil in its stronghold, and puts them on bo
n, the shortest road to perfection. Obedience
of is the only virtue necessary, for it fulfils
eis not only all the law but all the counsels.
re An obedient man has conquered himself foi
*e and he has conquered the Devil. He has Lc
at climbed to an elevation from which he can TI
at look 'down through a purer and calmer the
b_ atmosphere upon the wide expanse of hu- toi
ne man temptation and human frailty unroll- vo
e ed as a panorama at his feet. Such a man let
in is the true Jesuit-and they are all true. we
al He is the living embodiment of self-abne- cil
at gation. His presence among a people car- me
he ries with it peace and wisdom and an
te unworldliness. bil
my As a matter of course, the world is in cel
to arms against sunbch men, just as it crucified tie
their Master, and, therefore, we were not the
rst surprised to find the following paragraph thi
he in the New York Sun :
;in The moderate Republican papers in France its
are once more writiog against the Jesuits.
SThe journal of M. Edmond About draws atten- al
he tion to the fact tt that the Jesoits now possess thi
he in France no fewer than fifty-nine houses; ;
whereas, "when M. de Montlosler uttered his
ocry of alarm" under the Restoration, they only we
possessed six. The Jesuits are, therefore, far nul
t; more formidable than when they were inter
sit doted for the last time in France, and the
present Government is soonsed of "weakness
Ien bordering on complicity" in tolerating this so
not oiety. The question is: What will the Gov
of ernment do Will they make secular edoca- Fr
fion obligatory, and will thby drive the Jesuits
out of the country, as they were, driven out in
rte the reigns of Henri IV. Louis XV. and Charles we
I,s a T M. Dufaure is a Catholi ; so is M. Bar- te
of doux; but most of their colleagues are Protes
tante, and oan. therefore, entertain no reli- Mc
ra- gious scruples about according the demand of lec
ly, advanced and even moderate Liberals. Pr
ts- Formidable Jesuits ! Fifty-nine houses! Ca
1a- Protestant Councilors of France ! Lit us Cb
by see what all this means. It means, first, in
that though France is a Catholic nation, t
and its Protestant population is but an in- roi
le significant fraction of the whole, yet Pro- Re
testants have gotten control of the Govern- int
ment; they form a majority of the national i
le- Council. Notwithstanding which fact, only wt
go one of an unbroken series of similar pheno- sri
t mena, we shall continue to hear, as we have col
Salways heard, that the Catholic Church col
he is a political organiszation and that its co
go designs upon political power render it an
dangerous to the State.
on It means, secondly, that the Jesuits are ex
55 "formidable" to the Devil only and his g
allies. Of course, if Protestant Conncillors a
he of State can "eotertain no religions acrop- In
Slee" about persecuting them, it is clear that g
or the religion of those Ceunocilors is the re- n,
In ligion of the Devil, or in intimate accord of
with his tastes. ap
S It means, thirdly, that fifty-nine houses TI
or of the Society of Jesus are too nLuch of a ta
Sgood thing to be left isolated in a little th
ll place like France. Their inmates are In
go needed in this country ; they are needed is
od every where. Theyarean army equipped m
he for battle ; they are ready to go forth from re
. their citadel and evangelize the world. w
ry We heartily thank Catholic France for m
havitg organized and disciplined that io gi
vincible army; shall we consider it an no
mixed evil II a Protestant.lnfidel French
Government drives it forth to leaven all
the Catholic hosts of the world with its
own heroism and lead them on to glorious
though silent victories of the Cross I
We doubt very much that the power of
radicalism in France cane push its malign
lefluence so far as to obtain the expulslio
of the Jesuits. But if it can, it will; it
will sweep the whole institution from the
soil of France as with a whirlwind. For
t' nate whirlwind for other lands, bearing
g with it snob prolific seed of the grandest
d Christian virtues, of the highest spiritual
development 1
y Candlemas.
The Purification of the Blessed Virgin,
the Feast of to day, is known also by the
old English name of Candlemas. Candles
will to-day be blessed in every church
e in the city just before the last mass
unless where otherwise announced.
Wherever no announcement at all was
made last Snnday, it may be accepted,
as a matter of course, that the cere
mony will take place at 10 o'clock and
before the commencement of mass.
il The seal of Catholics in having candles
e blessed is very noticeable even in this age,
yet it is not so great as in the first ages of
Christianity. In those early days blessed
candles were often thoroughly penetrated
with some perfume which was gradually
set free in burning so that the air was
filled with a grateful fragrance.
Every household should be provided
with these instruments of religious solem
nity, so constantly used in all the ceremo
nies of the Church. The pa flame of the
wax taper is the chosen emblem of faith.
It burns on the altar at mass and vesper
e time and during the Benediction of the
Blessed Sacrament. The lighted candle
is placed in the infant's hand at baptism
n and held in the feeble grasp of the dying
Catholic. It barns beside the bier of the
dead, an emblem alike in life and in death,
of that faith of which the Christian living
was not ashamed, and which assures to
him, though dead, the light of an eternal
e day.
1 In every well ordered house the blessed
a candle is ready to be lighted during storms
and other convulsions of the elements, as
r well as in case of the administration of any
sacrament which urgency may bring within
its walls. Let us not be ashamed either of
our faith or of its beautiful and holy sym
The Lottery Bill
We are greatly pleased to find that our
f forebodings as to Senatorial action on the
a Lottery repeal bill were not prophetic.
i The bill has become law notwithstanding
r the powerful opposition of patriotic Sena
tors. Nineteen to seventeen was a close
vote anod justifies s in the feelings of anx
Sliety which we entertained. The struggle
i. was a severely contested one, and, among
city Senators, it seems that Mr. Zacharie
- merits especial mention for both the zeal
I and the ability of his championship of the
bill. As to the Senators who opposed it,
a certainly there cannot be the least doubt of
I their zeal. There was evidence enough in
t the strenuous exertions which they made,
h that they were in earnest.
Altogether, the public may congratulate
e itself on this legislative action as another
sign that a better day has dawned, and
s that gradually our State will be freed from
every remnant of the slavery in which she
was bound by an insolent and corrupt
r usurpation.
McMahon is no longer President of
France and Mr. Grevy fills his place. The
change took place as quietly as though it
s were an ordinary every-day affair, although
the time was when it was thought that
SMcMahon's resignation would be equiva
lent to an announcement of civil war.
President McMahon was pressed by his
Cabinet, at the instance of the French
s Chambers, to sanction a proposed change
in the principal commands of the army.
Staunch conservative generals were to be
rnmoved and replaced by others of known
Republican proclivities. This move was
intended to secure the control of the army
1 in the Radical interest in case of revolution,
V while McMahon wished to count on the
- army in the opposite interest, in such a
e contingency. If he should sanction the
h contemplated change he could no longer
5 consider himself master of the situation,
tand he preferred to realgo.
At this distance it appears as though the
Sex-President had over-estimated the emer
Sgency. The money market of a country is
an unfailling index of general opinion as to
impending danger and by far the safest
S standard that can be adopted in forming
jadgments regarding the immediate fature
I of events. Judging by this test, these is no
appreciable danger of revolution in France.
s The Republic may be accepted as an es
a tablished fact, but a Republic in which all
le the elements of extinct Legitimism and
e Imperialism and conservative Republican
d ism will be found fused into a powerfal
d majority of good order, before which the
n raving, frothing minority of Radicalism
i. will be impotent. It is quite possible that a
,r majority will be found to war upon reli
gion under the name of education, but we
oannot believe badicalism will be permit
ted to renew its characteristic results of
The army stake played for by politi
cians on both sides, is more of a myth
than anything else. The day is past when
a French army was a mere machine to be
set in motion according to the caprice of
a General-in-chief. Individual opinion has
taken the place of unthinking obedience,
not only with the private soldier but with
officers of every grade, and in case of a
break up, three armies would be found as
the result, corresponding with the three
great factions of civil politics.
But the Bourse, as we have said, indi
eates most unbesitatingly that there will
be no break up, no revolution, that the
form of government has acquired stability,
and that political antagonism, instead of
burning chateaux and erecting guillotines,
will, just as in other countries, effervesce
in wordy patriotism on the stamp and
frothy rhetoric In the legislative halls.
Repudiation or Compromise.
Doubtless, that by the time this number of
the Monxmwo STAR goes to press, the Legisla
tare will have only a few hours to sit before
adjourning lse dis, and will have omitted to
adopt any bill for remodelling the Feuded
Debt 9f lew Qrleans, and that therefore the
Premism Bond Plan will dontlhne to lia opera
tive for at least another year.
In the consultations held in Mayor Patton's
parlor, two principal propositions were dis
oussed. One, presented by the Mayor himself,
is to soale the debt at forty per cent. in bonds
bearing four per cent interest. The other, pre
sented by distinguished fianoiers and bond
holders, is to issue new bonds for the whole
debt, at par, payable in fifty years, with inter
eat at two and a half per cent during ton years
and at three per cent during the remainder of
the time.
The Banded Dabt now amounts to about
818,000,000; and besides this the city owes a
large floating debt which she cannot pay
out of current income. If the Mayor's plan of
scaling were adopted, it would reduce the debt
to $7,200,000.
This would require annual txation daroing
fifty years. as follows :
To provide for the principal.......... 144 0'0
2o pay interest copons ............. .. 2,00-$43:,000
If the other plan were carried out, it would
require during ten years:
To provide for principal.............. $J6 t0
To pay interest coupons............ 45J,000--$1i0 030
and annually afterwards- t
eor principal ......................... 36,o00 c
For sonpons........... .............. 54),00-$0.0, 0
As the prinoipal of the bonds is made pay- t
able at the end of fifty years, but as a fiftieth
most be raised every year, both plans contem
plate that, instead of being oonsigned to soon- d
molate in a dormant sinking foond, this yearly t
fiftieth shall be used, as fast as collected, in a
purohasing thebonde from those willing to sell a
them, before maturity, to the city at par or for y
By the Mayor's plan, it will sffi ,e to raise
only $132,000 annually to meet barh principal t
and interest; but by that of the finoanciers b
$450,000 or $540,000 would be required to pay r,
the interest only-making it necessary to raise a
the additional saw of $360.000 every year to t,
provide for paying the principal at maturity. fl
Thus the taxpayers and bondholders are in a
direct opposition ; for the Mayor's plan ia that n
of the taxpayers; and offers all they are willing p
or able to pay. o
True that by both plans the yearly parohases a
would not only red toe the debt itself, but each
of these reductions would lesson the amount h
required to pay the interest-coupons There is. e
however, on this point, a material difference. n
By the taxpayer's plan, there would always be
after paying interest, a sum left to buy bonds
with; but, by the financiers' plan, every dollar
that could be raised, by supportable taxation, a
woull be absorbed by the interest portion of
the debt. At the end, the debt would be about a
the same as it is to day. Foir hundred and t
ifty thousand dollars is the maximum which d
the part of the property-tax applicable to the t
funded debt, on a fair assessment can possibly I
bring. h
Bat it is said that the value of property, in
this city, will rise. Increased prosperity, from
commerce and manufactures, new buildings
and influx of po3plation will,it is hoped, make
property more valuable. Alasl is it reason- ,
able to expect this so long as the whole value
is burdened by a mortgage of $20,000,000,
which is equal to a fourth or a third of a.
fair assessment ? Who will start an enterprise I
here and expose his capital to such a charge f
Manifestly the development of New Orleans, t
so far as the value of its taxed property or i
fixed capital is concerned, will be insignif- I
cant, II this burden and the conseqouent tax
rate is not deminished, so as to leave a net ,
and sure income of at least four per cent to a
the enterprisers and landlords generally. 1
But the bondholders raise the ory of "repa
They say they are willing to compromise or
compound by a reduction of the interest only,
This is now five, six and easven per cent; and
they are willing to take two and a half for a
few years and then three.
Clesarly, in prinolple, a redootion of Interest
is as moh a "oompromise" or a "repudiation,"
as would be a reduction of the debt itself. 8o
that, after all, the real question between the
partiss is merely one of sesnt.
The Premium and other bonds were bought
by the present holders at an average of about
thirty-three oents on the dollar. Henoce, if they
could colleot interest in flol, they would get
fifteen, eighteen or .twenty-one per cent on
their investment. If only the interest is re
daced to two and a half and three, but the faoe
of the bonds is maintained, they would get
seven and a half or nine per cent interest;
and this in presence of the fact that enormous
amounts of oapital are now seekling permanent
and safe investment in this country at folnt per
oent. The normal and legltimats rats of in
tearet, in the United States sow, is four per
cent; and the tendency of the money market is
to put it down to a level with the rates of the
Banks of England and Franos. Any man who
takes more, on a safe investment, would, is
for oosehentie, be glolty of usory. It follows
that, eooording to oonsoieneo, the present bond
bolders should be content to reoeive the
amount of their actual Investment, with inter
eel at four per .oen. It is with a bad grace
that they cry "repudiation," and flaunt their
bonds in the face of the oficials who represent
that soulese entity, the Corporation of New Or
Let as aqsume that this corporation is
bound, of lass. but must we apply to its sote
the maxim that the King ean do no wrong
Must we admit that the municipal governuent
so far as anthoraiad by the State, of which it
is a fgment, dose no wrong when it imposes
exorbitant and oppressive taxes; and thasithe
people are justly bound to pay any enormous
or corrupt debt the munioipal or State Govern
ment may contract Most we admit thepower
of virtual confisoation, through the medium of
taxation i
Borely, a tax which is to be levied daring
fifty years, and is equal to the income derived
by the owner from his property, is, in effect,
confiscation. It renders the property worth
less. Property is never worth more than the
amount of oapital wbioh would bring interest
equal to the set prooeedsof rent. If a thousand
dollars brings eighty dollars interest, then
a bouse gy!ldingi: a ti rent of eighli dollars is
hot worth mnre than a thousand dollars. If
then virtual confiscation ,is a wrong, a self
evident violation by the corporation and State
of their obligations, to the people it is right
and just to reelst-practlially at least, no mat
ter how legal the injury may be, theoretically.
Practically the Government cos do wrong. It
has done so; and by all means, abort of revolu
tion and violence, its tyranny and rapine
should be thwarted.
There are really three parties in presence
(1) the corporation, (2) the bondholders, and
(3) the individual citizens. The corporation,
with the connivance of the bondholders, has
violated its obligation to the latter. It has
wasted their money, incurred an enormous debt
without consideration and contrary to previ
ones prohibitory laws; and created a yearly
deficiency by appropriations in excess of rev
enue. All this was notorious-known by all
the people, and particularly by the so-called
original oreditors to whom the bonds were
issued. Al subsequent holders also knew
What moral reason is there then to stay the
taxpayer from demanding the scaling, if not
the absolute repudiation, of such a debt in
curred by a notoriously unfaithful agent?
Even if the taxpayers are defenoeless at law,
they certainly have moral rights to which they
may properly and honorably appeal.
It is conceded that corporations are indivi
duals-that each is legally a person; and under
the same law, as to its duties and obligations,
as any other person. It may become insolvent
as other persons do. For example the City of
New Orleans, in her corporate capacity, is in
solvent. She osannot pay neoessary ourrent
expenses-oanuot pay her ofi Hrs and servants
their salaries-oaunot pay her schoolmasters,
her policemen, her gas bill-has no money to
repair or pave the streets, landings, wharves
and levees which are so absolutely necsesary
to the existence of her commeroe. A large
fi ating debt has arisen and is clamoring
against her. The sum which will be required
next year to comply with the Premium Bond
Plan is $603,000 -in five years it will be upwcards
of$700,000; in fifteen upwards a $1,000,000, and
so on crescendo to $1 5930030.
The resources of her oitirzns are not inex
ha‚ÄĘstable. Toe limit of them has been reach
ed. Clearly the city is insolvent. If she can
not take the benefit of the insolvent law in
oourt, she is refused a right which every other
person enjoys. Ineqsa!ity before the law is a
grevious wrong, even noconstitutional under
an express clause. Ise it not therefore honor
able on her part, as it would be on the part of
any other debtor, to call upon her creditors to
take all she is able to pay, and to grant her a
disoharge for what she caonot and ought not
to pay i Such is the question now before the
Mayor and Administrators. Will they as
heretofore take the side of bondholders, or re
pent and stand by their mandator, the people
who elected them ?
It is urged that hereafter the city may be
able to pay the whole debt, but this is mere
speoulation fraught with many years of in
fieted suffering or attempts at extortionate
taxation. No doubt, an insolvent may perhaps
somehow come to better fortune, but a mere
hope based on no present fact, and only on a
dream of a future good turn of the wheel of for
tune, is not a reason for not acting on the exist
ing reality. No one oan confidently predict that,
in spite the otactual inuoobus, values and pros
perity will advance puripasse with the future
requirements of the whole bonded debt if it
stands nreduced. On the contrary, it is to
be feared that the borden itself will prevent
the wished for development of commeroe, in
dustry and enterprise.
It is said that if the debt is scaled, the city
will lose her credit; but she has lost it already;
and so much the better; for, it dlsables her
agents from being extravagant-forces her to
live within her means, and prevents her from
running into debt. It is pleasant to think
that usurious capitalists will not trust her;
and that her agents will find it impossible, as
heretofore, to borrow millions for extravagant
and unreal expenditure:
In Switzerland the death penalty has been
abolished for some years, but so fearful have
been the consequennoes that the Council of
State have agreed to diseuass its re-establish
ment. The alarming inorease of murder in
most Cantons seems, we are told, to have im
pressed the Swiss with the conviction that the
penalties now in force are very inefficient de.
terrente. Nor is it in Switzerland alone that
publio opinion Is undergoing a change on the
subject. Thesame thing may be seen all over
the Continent.
Fatheu Ryal's Lat Le0tuWe.
St. Patriek's Hell had quite flee gathering
last Sunday night, to liateo to the po-.priest
of the Soath on the very poetical subject
" Tears, Temples ad Tombs ;" but to attep
to record in written ehborters the words of
Father Ryan is like trying to olleest the dew.
drop, from the grass or the sunbhine from the
flower. They glitte.and sparkle as they fall
from his lips. but they cannot be trausfer.re
to paper without losing aportloa of their light
and beauty.
Although three of the city apers reported
this lecture, not one of them oaught all then
equaisite meaning of the thougLht expressd
somewhat in the following words: "Christ
drank the chalice of human sufering to tis
bitter dregse, but upon its rim He left the
sweetnes of His lips, and since that day every
earthly chalice has traces of tlqu divine sweet.
nes mingled with its gall.
Who but Father Ryan could have said so
touobhingly all that the theght of the
Saviour's Paesion doe for the souls of meat
Thie thought indeed eweetes all the toiea
the missionary, all the agony of the martyr, all
the sacrifioes of the prlesthood, all the daily
trials of the sincerely humble soul.
" He has left the sweetne.s of His lips upon -
the rim of every challce." A, we aon press
our own there now in poverty, in humiliation
in abandonment and desolation, and yet not
murmur, for the sweetnes of His lips take.
all the bitterness from our own.
Again, letherW yq satldd "The shadow of
Eil ornolAion has become the sunshine of
human history." Could there be a brighter
thought than thle, or words more expressive
of the glory of the Redemption-of God's
loving meroy to a fallen race "The sunshine
of human history.' All a Png the ages of the
past, when the world was shrouded in the
darkness of pagan rauelty and pride; all
through the middle ages, when blood poured
like water around the footsteps of the human
race; all adown these modern days of oorrup.
tion, crime and suffering, the only sunshine is
that which comes from the shadow of the
cross. We who are Catholies know that only
snob homes are bright, only such souls are
pure, only such hearts are blessed, as own this
sonshine and live within its brightness.
Haman history shows dark scenes in every
place that lies beyond the inofluence of this
eternal sunshine. It shows the cruelly of
Greece, the voluptouneness of Rome. It points
to the horrors of serfdom, to the darknes of
slavery. It unfolds the degrading vassalage
of man, the terrible bondage of woman-but
the aunehise shone aroess this darkness and
changed it into light. The truce of God, the
bhivalry of knighthood, the sacrednees of the
marriage vow, the purity of the cloister, the
glorious zeal of the priesthood; these mark
the gleaming of that susehine which throws
over human history a light for every shadow,
a ray of glory for every cloud of gloom.
We cannot desoribe the beautiful ploture
drawn by Father Ryan of God's Temple placed
between the Tear of Borrow and the Tomb of
Hope. Man's life begins in tears-and closes
in the tomb; bat the Temple, in which Christ
stands, explains the mystery of one and trans.
fgures the darkness of the other.
He placed a diadem upon the brow of Borrow,
and shed a halo of hope around every tomb.
From His Temple He speaks words of comfort
for every human woo, He sends a gleam of
grace for every human anguish, He strethmes
hands of help to every human wretchedness.
Tears flow towards His Temple, but He lifts
them from His feat to the throne of God, and
brings them back with blessings upon man.
The tomb is no longer a place of darkness,
for which we exchange the light and joy and
love of earth. On our way thither, we haeel
down within Christ's Temple, and cry out: "I
believen!"-and this divine affirmation trans
figures the tomb and sheds above it the glory
of the Resurrection.'
Ouar eyes tabernsoale tears. They are always
there, hidden sometimes. but ready to flow at
the frst touch of sorrow, at the irst whisper
of pain. Sometimes they freese within their
depths, and change the gloom of sorrow into
the starless midnight of despair; but Christ
lays His hand upon the tearles eyseand trans
figures the drops that flow beneath His touch
into jewels for our crown.
We do not pretend to give the exact words
of the orator, they escape us as the sunshine
escapes our fingers, as the dewdrops vanish
from our touch; but we know the beautiful
moral of his lecture is that there is hope in
Tears, Christ In His Temple, and Faith in the
We must all weep, for sorrow is our portion
-joy is only the foam on the crest of the wave
that breaks upon the shore of eternity; but
those tesars will one day reach the heart of
Christ, and in the after-world shall glesam Ilike
stars within the cloudless skies of Heaven.
We must all die-bat He who went down
into the tomb bas sounded all its depths and
measured all its woe; and as He rose from the
tomb to Heaven, leaving the starlight radlance
of His footsteps along the road, so we, too,
shall rise with Him and follow where He leads
the way.
Yes, there are tears and tombs along man's
pilgrimage, from its opening to its olos; bhut
God's Temple stands between, and on its altu*
steps we learn how Christ, for love of us, h5
blest all tombs and seanotifled all tears, and
" How the heart that Tempest aod Sorrow
Have bes agiLonst tor years.
Must look for a suImme morow
eyeond the Temple of Tears."
A oorrespondent writes "Many of your
readers who take an interest in German news
wrill be pleased at hearing that on New Test's
Day, in the town of Eiohstadt in Bavaria, gol
emn High Mae was song by three old stadenwt
of the Eolmiestical Seminary of that pis,
who are actually serving in the German army.
These three priests (Fathers Charles Fisher
John Sohmits, and William Vogel) who ae ill
of the Cologne diocese, while under mllit5rY
role, come daily to their old seminary for the
nfght. Rather than go into exile they hobe
the soldler', lot. A slmlllar ose perhap. n*YF
happened before, as three soldiers cgeriog the
divrine esrime tog ethber.-'

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