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ADVERTISING RATE Eun Yoname Era has been started or reu lb the approval of the aooleatlatlel Ibulty of the Diool.. aospply an ,gStand Ctholioea ID O" Morning Star and Catholo Wes ittesd want in Now Orlearn, and is hnljy deotend to the inters of the tholie Charh. It will not nlaterfere to -- -_ _______ IWe aoept wherein they interfere Oeua 0. o. ? . Oathollo rights, but will exposen o..........».. s -t Iqaty in high places, without regard to , n"" ... . It a t now or parties. Next to the spiritual .......... t jhts of aull me, it will easpsolai chanm .. on the temporal rights of the poor e. t,; Tlifyt... . ITO I te ApdroPl qf Jlol afg . Arckbiahop: - Trasulotl ~e ts t 80 perseoro r o approve of the publicatilon of the MORBING aneserm. EAR AND CATHOLIO IUSRNGlR, and we -mead 1i to the Cathollic of the whole Ell. nlt DUatlt, Mayu eg. Want er Iral PrEvinao of Now Orlea a an ezcedent , oration Advetniente, 10 ct per a gar. t N. J. PERCH,. Archbbihop of New Orleans. anertoe. n Ormson, Jnuerary 3. 1. s- 8 l 9or9la. soto, e a 2ne rPueadttniOanso-ro. 11e eoydruastreet, *eerae of amp. "BOW BEAUTIFUL ARE THE FEET OF THEE THAT BRING GLAD TIDINGS OP GOOD THINGSI" !eum-agIeoepy*, oat, tB a .-a4n VOLUME XI. Irnemg star ani Catholic h:usteeir. ."er elt.ANBa. atDA, EBRIABAT9 .1i679. TZLIB PHIC VXYMABT. fCoedensed from Assoolated Press TelegramLs. FOREION. RBolu -Cardinal Antonio Antonusoi, Arch -ishep of Anoona., died on the29,h Inst. A dis patch to Berlin says that the Pope has re asived threatening letters from Sootalists in sonneetion with his recent Encyclical. A tel egram to the Pall Mall Gasette, says that a Dousistory isfixed for February 21st, at which the Pope will review his recent Encyclical and the Pontifioeal policy of the past year, and that he will give a sketch of his intended policy. Tur PLAGuo -The plague has steadily ferced its way into the eastern part of RBs ala, and has made its appearanoe on the YVolga. The most rigid quarantine is being enforced against infected districts, and Germany is ready to establish a military cordon of 80,000 men on the frontier in case it makes further progrees. EENGLtwD.-It is understood that the five Cabinet meetings held within the past few days were chiefly devoted to preparation of the programme of tbeooming session ofParlia ment that related to the Irish University question, and there is no doubt that negotie tions have passed betweep the Government and the heads of the Catholic Church upon that subject. Isaea Butt, member for Lim eriok, has been the medium of the communica ione. ResroNATxoN oN MCMAoxN.-At the Cabi net Council on the 28th. MaoMahon signed the decree making changes in the magistracy, but when the question wasraised ofo hages in great military commands he said he could not assent to such resolutions and must decline to disorgalizs the Army. He would leave the responsibility for such steps to others. With these words the Marshal quitted the hall of the Council. The Prime Minister, Dufaure, then consn!ted with the committees of the two Houses, and they instructed him to insist upon the changes. In response to this. MaoMahon, on the 30th, resigned the Presidenoy in a short and digni led letter, from which we take this extract : To-day the Ministry, thinking to respond to the opinion of the majority in the two Chbam bers, proposte to me, in regard to the high military commands, some general measures which I consides contrary to the interest of the army, and consequently to those of the aoontry. I cannot subscribe to them. Any other Ministry taken from the majority would impose upon me the same conditions. I con sider myself, therefore, bound to shorten the duration of the mandate which the National Assembly confided to me, and I therefo*e tender my resignation In quitting power I have the consolation of thinking that during the fifty-three years I devoted to the service of my country, either as a soldier or citizen, I have never been guided by sentiments other than honor and duty, and absolute devotion to my country. I request you to communicate my decision to my Chambers. MAcMaOno. Duke c f Magenta. The same eveolng the two Houses met. 713 Senators and Deputies were present. After the reading of MaoMahon's letter, Grevy, President of the Chamber, was nominated fr President for the term of seven years. 670 votes were osst, of which he received 536 to 10 for General Cnar my and 43 blanks. Though the prioncipal streets were crowded, there was nothing like the excitement of other ooasions of a .imilar nature. In the evening MacMahon called on President Grevy and oono gratlnated him. The interview was most courteous. It is said that Gambetta will be either Prime Minister or President of the ChsarLerof Deputier. UNITED STATES. WASrTINGTON.-Tte Presadent has signed the Arrears of Pensions 1ill. Senator Christi anoy, of Michigan, has been nominated and confirmed as Minister to Porn. The investigation by the Potter Committee into the olpher telegrams sent during the Presidential campaign has developed the fact that the Telegraph Company always played into the hands of the Republicans and that they suppressed or destroyed all telegrams damaging to that party. In spite of this, how ever, there is abundant proof that high cgIoials, as well as the leaders of the Republi can party, engaged in projects to purchase eleotoral votes in Florida, Louisiana and South Carolina. In the suit of Gen. Lee against the Govern. ment for the recovery of Arlington, the jury has deeided in favor of the former. The case has been appealed. MtISCLLANEOUS. The Tennessee Legislature has passed the bill repealing the charter of the City of Mem phis and providing for its fature government. This was done because the city could not pay its debt and the bondholders would not com. promise.-Mount Zion Convent, Water ford, Ireland, was burned by an incendiary last week.- There is a severe famine in Upper Egypt.---J. J. Walker, Demorat, It has been elected U. 8. Senator from Arkansas. ---Gen. 8herman arrived in Atlanta on the I 29th. Several thousand people went to the c depot from curiosity. There were neither cheers nor signs of disapprobation. On the 30th he visited the battle felds around Atlan- t ta.- A tornado etruck the town of bock port, Texas, last Salfay ereing. demolishing 1 forty houses, including ehatrhes, cort house I •i~:~-l ·.·. ~;/~~~~B~~·~i~.L , and the Masonto bhall. One child was killed and several persons badly bor---European . oorrespondents of the steamship oomlsnies re. port an inoreasingly large number of prepaid passage tickets. It is antiolpated that of operatives alone, 20,000 will arrive on our shores within the next few months. - BBRAF MBRS. TYLEB. .l- New York Sun. re in A concert was tendered to Prof. Florian el- Obonski, in Patterson, Tueeday night, by ta the members of the Musical Union, of oh which he is the originator and conductor. nd The concert possessed an interest for I at the audience beyond the mere rendering of the programme. The leading soprano of Ily the Union is Mrs. J. S. Tylee, the wife of a well-to-do flour and feed merchant. Some months ago by the running away of is her horses, Mrs. Tylee was thrown from co her carriage and severely injured. Her er nose was broken, and after it healed it was e found that the displaced bone had injured ve her voice to auch an extent that she could i iw not sing. S~e had spent many years and t of much money in the cultivation of her voice t Is- and the accident was.as much regretted by ti her friends as by herself. A New York c La- surgeon sald he could restore the voice by on changing the position of the bones in the . nose one by one and setting them right; sa. but, he added, it would require a long and painful series of operations. Mrs. Tylee b. bravely determined to undergo the ordeal, ed and for months she' jd in NewYork sy, where she could-be ... he care of the in surgeon. It took three dificult operations o1 a week for a long time to accomplish the to replacement of the bones. All seemed to be haveasucceeded, and her voice was appa h rently restored in tone and volume. But a public trial was needed to determine ad whether the singer's powers were fully s ad restored. On Tuesday night was her first es. appearance in public since the accident, F ,b, and it may be imagined with what trepi- s i- dation she approached the foot-lights in a this crucial test. a to The audience being well acquainted with d the circumstances of the case, was equally t , anxious. The first bar of the music prov of ed beyond a doubt that the soprano's voice t he was as perfect as ever. The buret of tu a dy multuoue and hearty applause that greeted her must have repaid ter for the suffering v n- she had undergone; but so great wai the he nervons strain that she was confined to __ her bed yesterday in consequence of the a . reaction. cg Oae of the most anxious listeners in the e of audience was the surgeon who had per- a ,I formed the operation. He returned to d er New York, as he said, one of the happiest h to of men; he had insisted that the singer's c to voice would be comp'etely restored in c the face of many pre utions to the con 13 trary. t er p 7. DEATH OF M'CARTHY DOWNING, MP. 70 £' ibbereen, Jan. 10.-This evening at 9 * o0 o'cock, Mr. McCarthy Downing, M.P., ex d, pired at his residence, Prospect House, t er Skibbereen. The deceased gentleman, ° ag whose loss will be great to the country, on *n- Monday last was attacked with c.cngestion ,t of the Inongs. Mortification soon after set c in, and this evening, to the intense regret ' or of all parties in the district, he succmed tod to the combined disease. Mr. Downing f had been for some time in delicate health but that did not prevent him from taking ed his place an a public man whenever it was . ti. necessary for him to do so. Scarcely a s id month has passed since eo presided at a b meeting of national teachers here, and a e8 eight or ten days ago he attended at the n he Municipal Boundaries Commission, at V ot which he gave most important evidence at regarding the general question. He then as appeared to be quite well in health. Dur m- ing his illness his medical attendants have a th been Dr. O'Connor, Cork; and Dr. Jen- e II ninge and Dr. Somerville, of Skibbereen. p. so Everything that the most superior skill P bh and the kindest attention could do to pre- Oa serve a life dear to all was done, but with- 01 a out avail, and he gradually sank until this ( i evening, when, surrounded by loving o hearts, he passed from this world. During pi his illness the Most Rev. Dr. Fitagerald, fi Lord Bishop of Ross, frequently visited st 7 him, and the Rev. Father Davis, C.C. Ross- tt - carberry, his old and faithful friend, scarce *. ly left him day or night. Mr. McCartby b My Downing was the son of Mr. Eugene rf Downing, of Keamare, where be was born, ai *y and was only 65 years of age. He leaves .s In one son, Mr. Eugene Downing, behind him oc t, the rest of his family-his wife, four sons, of a. and two daughters-having pre-deceased ti 1e him. No funeral arrangements have, of b 15 course, been made up to the present, but d ir It is believed it will take place on Monday s at Caheragh, the family burial place. In the of . town of Skibbereen, Mr. Dawning's death , g has caused the profoundest sorrow for the Ni Slose ofan old, genial and sterl;in frfend. p NEW ORLEANS, SUNDAY I ENCYCLICAL LETTER or d OUR MOST HOLY FATHER LEO XIII., SBY THE GRAOC OF GOD POPI, ADDltSISMD TO TIE HIERARCRY OF THE CATHOLIC OBURCH. To caur venerable brothers, the Patriarchs. Primates, Archbishops and Bishops, of the Catholic world, in ncommunion with the Apostolle tee. SLo XIII., Pors. f Venerable brothers, health and Apostolic benediction : As the responsibility of our Apostolio min ir istry demanded from the oommenoenlent of f our Pontifloate, we have not neglected to point out the mortal plague which insinuates itself amongst the members of the human soolety, and which places it in great peril. At the f same time we indicated what were the mcet efNefaoionaremedles by means of whioh society 0 could be brought baok to safety and could r eecanc the dangers which menase it. But the a evi's that we then deplored have so rapidly in oreased that again we are foroed to address you; for we seem to hear resounding in our ears these words of the prophet: "Cry out, cease not to cry oat; lift up your voice and let it be like e the trumpet." SYou nnderstand, venerable brethren, with. I ontdiffiulty, that wespeak of the sect of men r who csll themselves didferently, and by almost a barbarous names--Sooialists, Commonists, and Nihiliets-and who scattered over the earth, I ' and closely united by an iniquitous pact, no longer seek the aid of the darkness of secret socreties, but coming forth in the daylight, 4 pnblioly and with all conildenee, endeavor to I aooomplish the delign, whiho they have long t a since formed, of overthrowing the foundations 5 of all civil society. These are assuredly they e who, as the Divine Scripture attests "seolly all I flesh, deespie all domination, and blatpheme all 1 majesty." In effect, they leave entire and intaot noth ing of that whioh has been wisely decreed by the lawn divine and human for the seourity I and honor of life. They refuse obedience to 1 t superior powers to whom, according to the I precept of the apostle, every sool ought to be I subject, and who bold from God the right to e I command; they announce the perfect equality 1 of all men in their rights and duties. They I dishonor the natural union of man and woman, I which was consecrate in the eyes of bar barous nations ; and the bond of that union, 4 which principally sustains domestic society, t they weaken, or abandon at their pleas- I are. In fine, seduced by the desire of present 1 wealth, "which is the source of aill evils." and "the appetite for which e.tranges from the I faith," they attack the right of property, san- 4 otiontd by the natural law. and by a mons- I trous attempt, whilst they affect to take care 1 of the needs and the miseries of all men, they I endeavor to seizo for the advantage of the a community whatever has been acquired by inlo dividuale, either by the title of legitimate in- I heritanoe, or by intellectual or manual labor, or by economy. They publish these monstrous opinions at their reunions, they develope them I in their pamphlets, and by means of journals t they spread them amongst the crowd. Thus the majesty and power of kings have become I so odious to seditions people that detestable a traitors, impatient of all curb, and animated by an impious audacity, have on several ocoa- a sions, within a briefspace of time, turned their t asms against the heads of the governments a themselve. Now, this audacity of pei fi lions men, which a each day menaces civil society with still more j aerions det;notion, and which excites in the minds of all it:;qietude and trouble, o red its cause and origin to these poisoned doctrines a which in these latter days propagated amongst o the people, like corrupt seed, have brought I forth in their time pernicious fruit. In effect on a tuil nnderstnd. venerable brethren, that the Il cruel war which, since the shite oath centlury, i bha been declared against, the Catholic fith: o by inuovat-,rs and which has been gat iCeinig 1 s moob strenugh -p to the present. day, han i been carried on with the object of ratring aside all revelation, of destroying alt nper- a national order, and of giving scope to t !. in- p ventions, or rather the ravings, of reason alone. u This error (falsely receiving its name from e reason) which flatters and excites the passion C for greatness, natural to the heart of man, has a spontaneously extended its ravages not only o to the minds of a great number of men, but f even to civil soociety itself. Thus, by an im- t piety altogether novel and unknown to ,the pagans themselves, we have seen governments ft constituted without any aoount being taken of God or established order; it has been pro- a claimed that public authority had not from d God its origin, its majesty and its power to Ja command, but from the multitude of the peo- I ple, who, behleving themselves disengaged a from the necessity of a divine sanotoon, have S submitted to no other laws than those which sl their caprioe has suggested. o After the supernatural truths of faith had C been combatted and rejected as contrary to v reason, the very Author and Redeemer of the ai human Face has been compelled by degrees, ao and little by little, to exile Himselffrom the ft studirs in the universities, the lyoees, and the oi colleges, as well as from all the public customs fe of human life. In fine, the renompenaes and the punishments of the future and eternal life of having been consigned to oblivion, the ardent w desire of bhapplness has been redt.ced to the space of the present time. Thee- doctrinees l having been spread with the greatest liosose rn of thinking and acting, whioh has also been Ia acquired on all sides, need we be serprised w that men of the lower olasses, tired of their t1 poor dwella --honee, or their humble work- ri I MORNING, FEBRUARY 2, 1879 shop, should covet thepalsacee and the fortanes of those who are richer than themselves; need we be stoolsbed tbas there is no longer tran I, quility in public and private life, and that the human race has almost come to its destructoofn But the enpreme pastors of the Church, with whom lies the duty of protecting the Fold of H the Lord from the snares of the enemy, have early applied themselves to avert, the danger es and to watch over the people. For as soon as n secret sooleties, in whose bosom were already hidden the seeds of error of which we have spoken, oommeneed to extend, the Roman Pontiffs Clement Ill and Benedict XIV forgot in: not to unmask the impious designs of the In- seote, and to warn the entire world of the evil of that was thus secretly in course of prepara nt tion. But when, thanks to those who gloried elf in the name of philosophers, an unlimited by, liberty was asigned to man, when the new he right, as they oall it, began to be formed and :t asnotioned, contrary to the natural and divine ,ty law, Pope Lee VI. of happy memory, also fully id unveiled, by public documents, the detestable he character and the faleeness of these dootrines; in- and at the same time the apostolio foresight In; predloted the ruin to which the deluded people ire were about to be dragged. ot Nevertbelets, as no means, however strong, he that had been made use of could prevent their perverse teachings from becoming acceptable I- to the people, and invading eve'p the decrees on of government., Popes Pnus VII and Leo XII ist anathematised the secret seots,,and afar as it ud depended on them, again warned soolety of b, the danger which threatened it. Finally, all no the world knows perfectly in what strong lan et gasge, and with what firmeess and constancy, io, our glorious predecessor, Plus II, of happy to memory, both in his allooutions and his enoy. g clioal letters, desoatched to the bishops of the no whole world, combatted as well the iniquitous sy efforts of the seote, as notably the soourge of all oolaslism, which, issuing from this source, has ll made inroads everywhere. But what is to be deplored is that those to h- whom is onflded the care of the common by weal, allowing themselves to be entrapped by ty the frauds of these impious men, and to be to frightened by their menaoes, have always be manifested enspioions or even hostile disposi be tions towards the Churoh. They have not on to derstood that the efforts of the sects would ty have been vain if the doctrine of the Catholio ey Church, and the authority of the Roman Pon n, tiffs were always honored, as they ought to be, , or- as well by princes as by the people. For "the n, Church of the living God. which is the pillar y, and ground of truth," tesohes threse doctrines, I is- those precepts, by which the safety and tran quility of society are especially guarded, and t nt toe propagand of socialism radically abolished. I id In effed, although the Socialists, abusing be the Gospel itself, in order more easily to de- I n- oeive evil.disposed persons, are aocustamed to t s- distort it, in order to make it more conforma- , re ble to their doctrines, the truth is that the dif I sy ference between their pernicious tecohings i se and the pore doctrine of Jesus Christ is so on great that it could not be greater. For what n- participation bath justice with Injustice? Or t r, what fellowship bath light with darkness I as These persons, as we, cease not to proclaim e m that all men are equal by nature, and therefore i is they pretend that people owe neither honor , us nor respect to power, nor obedience to the se laws, except to those that they shall have le sanctioned according to their caprice. id On the contrary, the eqamlities of men, ao a- oording to the evangelical writings, consist in ir this, that all having the same nature, all are to called to the same high dignity of sons of t God, and atthe same time that one and the h same end is proposed to all, each must be a re judged accordini in the same la-, and obtain ie punishment or tecompense, as he deserves. c e Nevertheless threr is an iogieality of right r as snd of jrwer whiO fimanateo from the Anutor st of NaBtr.s it-self, ',"f whoo all pat Ernity in t it heaven and one,irti i. non, d.' As to princ " in and eaoljcts, rbtir souls, acc.rding to Catho. e tic doctieoeand Ipreclpts, toe, uiiuruilly brond d v, by rights and dutles in silu.t manlser thtit, t tu on the oie bein t, the paosi'n' f r power is t g moderated, and, sin ithe ot ,ti hband, obedirnci:o Os ii rendered ea. firm and noblle. g Thns thie Cto rs cnisrautly pts before her C r santjeot this precept of the Apostle: "All t 1- power comes frmn, God, and thie which are,, p 0. ave been establisbed by God. Wherefore, he a n who resista the power, resists the ordinance of t n God. And they that resist purchase to tbem- a se selves damnation." Tile precept further com- 1 y mends i.e to '-be subject of necessity, not only t it for wrath, but also ftr conscienon sake," and t i- to render "to all men their dues. Tribute to e whom tribute Is due; custom to whom custom; n ts fear to whom fear ; honor to whom hooor." al a For Be Who has crested and Who governs t; - all things, has so disposed them in His provi- a a dent Wisdom that the ifaeriora fulfil their ob a jeot by means of the maedia and these attain a P- their end by means of the eupeiwora. In the a d same way, then, that He has wished that in b e His Heavenly Kingdom the choirs of angels e; h should be distinct and subordinate one to the p other, and as He has also established in His a d Church different degrees of order, and a di- a o versity of functions, so that all should not be ti a apostles, nor doctors, nor pastors, so has He k i, constituted in civil society several orders dif- d a ferent in dignity, in rights and in power, in a e order that the State, like the Church, should n a form one single body, composed of a great g d -umber of members, some more noble than li 'a others, but all neceesary to each other, and ti t watchful with regard to the common welfare. e Bat in order thabt the rulers of the people Is e should nuse the power which has been confer- Il e red upon them for boilding up and not for de. to n stroying, the Church of Christ appropriately re d warns princes themselves that the severity of fi tr She 8opremtJedge bangs over them, and, bor p rowing the words of DIvine Wisdom, it cries al Sonut to them all, in the name of God, "Give ear you that rule the people, and that please yorseeivee in multitudes of nations; for power is given to you by the Lord and strength by the Most High, who will examine your works and search out your thoughts, for a most severe judgment shall be for them that rule. For God will not except any man's person, neither will He stand in awe of any man's greatnesse for He hath made the little and the great, aso He hath equally care of all. ]But a greater pun ishment is ready for the more mighty." Nevertheless, if it happens that princes rash ly proceed to excess in the exeroise of their power the Catholic dootrine permits not the people to rise up in force against them, for fear that the tranquility of established order should be more and more troubled, and that society boulnd thereby reosive greater injury. Aud when the excess comes to a point at which no hope of safety seems left, Christian patience learns to seek a remedy in meritorious conduct, and in urgent prayer to God. But if the ordi nances of legislators or prinoes sanction or command something contrary to the divine or natural law, the dignity of the Christian name, and duty and apostolic precept, pro claim that we most obey God rather than men. Thus domestic society itself, wbloh it the foundation of every city and of every State, feels and experiences this saluatry power of the Church, which is exercised for the oon servation of oivil soiety, and the maintenanoce of order. For you know, venerable brethren, that the rule of that society has, aooording to the natural law, its foundation in the indisso luble union of man and wife, and its object in the rights and duties of parents and ohildren, masters sod servants, one towards the other. You know also that the theories of sooialism almost totally die olve it, for having lost the strength whioh it reoeives through religions marriage, it naturally sees relaxing the power of parents over their children, and the dutyof children towards their parents. On the contrary, the Church teaches that marriage, "honorable in all things," whioh God himself instituted at the commenoement of the world for the propagation and the per petuilty of the speoles, and whioh He has made indissoluble, has been made still more binding aend holy by Jesus Christ, Who has conferred on it the dignity of a saorament, nod wished it to be a type of lls anion with the Churoh. Hence, acoording to the intimation of the Apost!e, as Jesus Christ is Head of the Church, the husband is head of the wife, and as the Choroh is subj. ot to Jeans Cbrist, Who em brace , her with a onaste and .orpetual love, so wives ought to be subject to their husbands, and ought In retorn be loved by them with a faithful and constant affection. The Church regulates alike the power of the t fathe and of the mother, so that It keeps children and servants to their duty, without exceeding bounds. For, according to Cathollo tesohing, the authority of parents and masters is only an emanation from the authority of the Heavenly Father and Master, and thuse not only does it derive from this its origin and its power, but it also necessarily borrows from it its nature and its character. Wherefore the apostle exhorts children to obey their parent in the Lord and to honor their father and mother, which is the first commandment made with a promise. And to parerts he says: "And you, parents, provoke not your children to anger; but bring them up in the discipline and correction of the Lord." The precept which the same apostle gives to , servants and masters is that those he obedient t to these according to the flesh, as to Christ, serving them witi all good will as OGd IHim self, sand that masters soould not ill-treat their servauts, remembering that God in the Uieter , of all in hleaven, and that there is no respeot of perons with lIwm. II all thIee thi.gs were observed by each of tbhse whomi tery concern, sCo)rdanIg to the dtspoviii ,h of the, D)ivuno Will ci,'' ftnnily wui:Id rthrd a pitnru of the ller.vutry rial dence, aid the nuoblic resutlte w'.ic! woold bf the councequece wn!d no: Ih: cotuivul w thn ,ra the walls of doumiciles, but wt:i be scattered over states themselvve. As regardl pulhitc nd drut,,i, trar.,tility, C itholic sisdiut, s pprtedt by thbupreo.p:s.f if the divine and cntutal aw, very prudently I provide for it by tt:" idean whtoh it adopts and teaches with reference to the right of an a thority, and the division of property, which is e acquired for the necessitty Und the utility of a life. The socialists on the contrary, represent i the right of property asbeing a human inven- I tion, repugnant to the natural equality be tween mooen, and, preaching in favor of a com monity of property, they proclaim that men e should not patiently bear poverty, and that v they may with impunity violate the possessilons t and rights of the rich. 51 The Churoh recognizes, much more usefully B and wisely, the existence of ineqality between tI men, naturally dissimilar by she strength of a body and of mind, and that this inequality rt sexets even In the possessIOn of property ; she re prescribes, besides, that the right of property SI and astbority originating in nature itself v most be maintained intact and inviolate in tI the bahis of those who possessit; forsbe v knows that robbery and rapine have been con- of demned in the natural law by God, the Author w and the Guardian of all right, in such a man- w ner that it is not even permitted to covet the fr goods of another, and that thieves and robbers, A like adulterers and idolaters, are excluded from hi the Kingdom of Heaven. P Nevertheless, like a good mother, she neg leote not the care of the poor, and omits not to look to their necessities; for, embraseng them bh to her maternal breast, and knowing that they repreesent Jesus Christ, Who considers as done for Himself a kind set done for the least of the poor, she holds them in great honor ; she as lists them with all her power ; she is careful ad NUIBER 52; ear to have erected on all si4e homses and re taee tIges, where they are received otortoed, sad wer cared for, and she takes them beneath her ti by telage. Forther, she enjoins on the itoh as a eke strie data, to give their euperuieas weth to rare the poor, and she Ispiree them with fear by 3od the thought of thedivine judgment whibo will will condemn them to eternal punishment if they for suooor not the indigent In tbeir neocessties He Finally, abe relieves and consoles tbhe made on- of the poor, both by propoolng to them the ex ample of Jeens Christ, Who, being rich, desired Ah- to become poor for our sake, and by reeaflin ,elr to them the words in which le has deelared the the poor happy, and has bidden them to hope ear for the recompense of eternal felicity. Who old does not se that this Is the beet means of pat t ing an end to the old oonflict rateed between Sthe rlh and the poor t Pot as the evidence of no facts shows, if this method is rejected or de loe splsed, it necessarily happene either thet the got, greater part of the human race is redaced to rdl. the vile condition of slavery, as was to be semen or long ago amongst pagan nations, or that ha or man soolety Is agitated by ootinsual troubles tan and devaetated b rapine and brigandage, am, ro- with sorrow we ave lately had to testify. an 8ince thlis e so, venerable brethren, as at the tie ommencement of our Pontifleate, we, with try whom rests the government of tho entire rer Church, have already pointed out to peoples nu- and prinooe, toesed by a severe tempest, the ice port of safety, so, at this moment ofe preme en, peril, again, and with emotion, we lift up our to apoetollo volce to ask and beseech them, ra the so- name of their own interest, and of the esfet in of state., to takelfor their Instructor the Church n, whicbh has taken sooh a great part in protot er. Iug the publie prosperity of nations, and to re em conuri that the relations of government and the religion are so intimately connected, that, mns whatever the latter is deprived of, so far dim rer loisbhe the submlsion of eabjects and the rof majesty of power. And when they shall have recognlsed that at the Church of Jesus Christ possesses, for avert lob lig the plague of sociallsm, a power which Is et to be foundneither in human laws, nor in ar- magesterial represIeons, nor in the erms of d soldiers, let them at length re-establish that oa Church in the condition, and with the liberty, ed of which abe is in need in order to exeroles ed her salutary influence on the entire human sb. soniety. he As t) you, venerable brethren, who under ih, stand the origin and the nature of the evils he accomolated in the world, apply yourselves m- with all the ardour and all the strength of re, your minds to deeply instil the Catholic doc is, trine, and make it penetrate into the soole of a all men. Act so that all, from their tenderest years, be shall be aconstom-d to have a flial love for Pa God, to reverence His will, to show deference at to the majesty of princes and to the laws, to tic abstain from all oovetooenese, and to preserve re faithfully the order wbhiob God has setablseh be ed as well in civil as in domestio oeiety. TYo ot most also take care tbat the oblldren of the ts Catholic Church should not enrol themselves it in the exeorable soet, and sbould not aslist It he in any way, but on the contrary should show its by their good actions and their straighteor. od ward conduct in all things, how stable and de happy would human sooety be if all Ite a: meomers distinalished themselves by their to virtues and by the regularity of thbei on o ducot. And. te the followers of soiaitsm are reoruit to ed chiefly amongst men engaged in the oater ot eot indostries, or those who labor for their ht, hire, and who, diecstisfled with the condition a- of working men, are more easily enticed by ir the allorement of richee and the promise of or wealth, it, appears opportune to as to encour Ct age the formation of societies of working men and of artisans which, established under the of patronge of religti.n, are oalculed to render he all their mer.bern c ntiet with their lot and ly resinted to labor, '.d leId them ti spend h I pectfol and tranrq-il I fI. "i- 'I'T lie, veer tb: brethren, to whom we a in are or ligel to refer the begionu,g and thesuoo. ,d e , s of all Kold, rntty favor our uodertskioge, We hlave it, aditihonal motive for hopes in y, priompt ueiante theesy days, when we are if nelebratin i t he anniverearyof the birth of Oar ly Lrd; for C~.riet wh , being born, brought a .to nw eslvation to the world already old, and a alnmost in a stato of dissolution owlng to the is extremity of Its evils, ordains that we also if should hope for it. Fr "the hand of the Lord at is not shortened that it cannot save, neither Is t- IHis ear heavy that it cannot hear." e- In these sacred days we wish you, venerable o. brethren, and the faithful of your chuborches, a every happiness and every joy; and We feer it vently imploreof Him who give all good gifts i tst men tooat there may appear anew to sme the goodnese and the humanity of God oar y Saviour, who, after having sunathed as from n the power of our most terrible enemy, hee lift. of ed as up to the very exalted dignity of oblld y ren. And in order that we may enter mere e readily and more fully into the eujoymeet ea these wishes, Join your prayers to Oarsto i la I yoking God's mercy. and eask the patronage t n the Blessed Virgin ry, Immaculate from her Svery begtinaog, and of Jaeph, her spoee, and vof the blesed Apostles Pater and Patl, ts r whose eofftages we have all conidence. Men. Swhile, as a pledge of the Divine gifle, we give s from the deotbe of our heart in the Lord, the ;, Apostolie Benediction to yon, venerable a brethern, your clergy, and to all the faithfat people. o Given at Rome, near et. Peter's, 1th Daemt n bor, t' 1, the drat year of our Pontitioate. Lso XIII, PorS. Irish linen, at low prioe.. See Braelsea's I advrrtieemen; on Lit pate.