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North American. [volume] (Swanton, Vt.) 1839-1841, April 10, 1839, Image 1

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VOL. 1,
Canndi.in ICililw nini Canadiau Iiiilcpendciire.
NO. l.J
I'UIHJSHED BY li. J. THOMAS.
SW ANTON, VT. APRIL 10, 1839.
EDITED BY CANAD1ANS& AMERICANS.
i .
Tilt: XORT1I AMI-IK I VM
1 i PI fil lMIFJ) KVKHV WEDNLSDAY,
J'ricc $1 50 per un. in advancc,
vr '2 (X) at the end of tlic ycar.
SS
TT DOHN TUE TYRANTS!
. t
? They utrtr fai! ho die in a proal caute ;
' 'J he block may tticir gore,
i 'I hir headi may nodden in the lun ihtir limbj
.i b mrung to city j a'e
: Ar.d csii! '!, bui nuli ilieir pirit wa'ki abroad ;
i 'J lunch year c!a;te, aiid blhera ihare u drk a
(ivom.
I II bui auyment the- defp and wurpinjr thoupht
i Witicb u'rimef a!l otlitt, and wluch Cniiiiucli
'Jhe world3 al to ficedom. JiviiuK.
j ? ? 3? ? ? ? ? ?
IVni le of Canada ! Remember ihat the
ÌM hmI ni' inartv rs in the cause of Freedom
!rni!s atomi f. r veneeanre at your banda.
' 'l'In- follou-ing in o list of those who have
laiU-n vietinis of despoiism, in the Lower
ìTrovinre :
i
;,('h's O villo Pcrrnult, m. p. p.
Jean Olivier Chenier, m. d.
Joseph Toussaint Drolct, mpp.
Pierre Amiot, m. p. p.
Jean Francois Lionnnis m. d.
. Joseph Narcisse Cardinal, mpp.
, Joseph Dnquettc, Major of p.a.
ì l'ienreTheophilc Decoigne np
Amhroiso Sanguinei, Lt. p. A.
, Charles Sanguinei, Capt. p. a.
J Francois Xavier Ilamelin, do.
'Jacques Robert, Major p. a.
Chevalicr Dolo remi or, n. p.
Ch's Ilindenlang, Brig. p. a.
Francois Nicolas, Capt. do.
- Ainahle Daunais, Lieut. do.
Kemy Narhonne, Capt. do.
ORIGIAL biography.
T lirpu Vprip C. ! ne of
'"tlic mildest and most amialle men fn tlìe
world, was executed at Montreal on the
221 day of Decomber, 1333, for the only
crime of having manifestai his fidelity to
bi rountry, and his Ime of l'eedom, ina
finn b'Jt hononilile reoislance to trans
ttlamic tyranny. ' i
Mr. Cardinal was born in 1807: con
goquently he was 31 yeara of age when he
terminateci his mortai career. He was
a Notary by profession, and resided at
Chateauguay, county of Laprairie, in the
'districi of Montreal. He had studio! with
'one of the oldest and ablesi Notaries of
the Province, and having the confidence
of the people of ChatcaiTguay, wasinvited
to sente among them. In 1831 he mar
tied the daughter of a government oflìcer,
W whom he had six children. A soon
n he halacijuired the riaht of franchisi
he U-rame an active reformer; and in 1834,
fcy the unanimous wishes of the eleetors
of his county, he becanie their representa-
. tivein Provincial Parliament. Mr. Cu-
il!ier, who tiìl then had been a most for
midable politicai champion, dared not op
pose hit, and he was therefore elected by
)acclamation, having declared that he ap
' proved of and upheld the 92 resolntn
pansed by the House of Assenthly in Feb.
'1334, which gave a faithful picture of !l
Ihe grievances of which Canada then coro
laitu'd. In hi rarliamentary career Mr. Cardinal
.was invariably secn in that noble majority
which ahvays reprtnented the true inter
lests of the Canadian people, and vhìcì
even Goford hiniiiHf rould not corrnpt.
; As to the reiorins dfmaniled with so niuch
jiibticn by the House of Assembly, he was
one of those who ould hve "a or
i noAing;" and his pairiotic devotedne
ili -ariifii ing his own li!e, is suificient prx
! of bis hiuceriiy. Could he oHer anylhing
I of greater vilue, or roake a greater sacri
j fico?
! Mr. Cardinal beld the raok of Capi, in
1 the Provincial militia, but duringthe reign
of terror under Lord Gosford, in the sum
merof 1837, wheo Reformer were not
allowed to holJ any appoir.tment under
Hi piltrtutl government of Air mei! sii-
ciots MAJESTY, he thousl't it bis duty
to send in bis resignation. On the riaing
in Nuv. 19SS, he was made lirigadier Gen
eral in the Patriot service.
During the troubles in ihe fall of 1837, in
which he at first took no part, he was
compelled by the threats and the persecu
tions of a petty magistrate by the name
of McDonald, to leave his native land and
take refuge in Fort Covington, N. Y.
During his esile he carne often to Pitts
burgh tono.' Dr. Robert Nelson, and he
declared bis ronviction that NO'l'HING
SHORT OF THE IN D E P E N D E N C E
CF THE CANADAS OUGHTTO BE
L1STENED TO. Fmm that instant he
took an active pari in the desperatc strug
gle for the emanripaiion of his country.
After his return to Canada, hedirected
ali his eff trls lo one single object the
eniancipation of Canada. To thi end
he sacrificed his lime, his comforts, his
propertv, and his lif. On the Sd of Nov.
last, he was one' of the l'oremost among
those who raised their arrus against the
hatighty ond cruel government of mighty
Dritian. Having becured ali the loyalisis
in and hbout Chalauguay, he thoug-ht he
could have some itifluence over the Indians
ol'SaultSi. Louis. Consequenily on Sun
dav morning, the 4th of Nov. at sun rise,
he went with his friend Mr. Duq'irtle,
with the ihteulion to persuada the Indians
not to ake arms agair.st them. They were
accompanied by a few friends, who, for
fear of alarming the Indians, were lei t in
nn adjoining wood. Alone with Mr. Du
cjuetie, he entered the village, and went
unarmed to a public Inn. Dnring ibis
rime an Indiati woman in going to milk,
ber cow, saw the men in the wood and gave
the alarm. The result was, that Messrs.
Cardinal and Duquette weresiezed, bound,
and hurried to Montreal, by the treache
rous Indians, where they were delivered
over tO COLBORHE, THE DESPOH.ER OF
Ci 'auiv woc vestmsiiU new xe-k vvi:h
their blood.
Dnring his trial Mr. Cardinal maintain
ed that dignity which was peculiar to him.
He did not supplicate his enemies for mercy,
bm boldly protested acainst their right to
try him before a tribunal created by mar
tiàl law. He was condemned yet he
heard his condeinnation with cairn and
dignified composure ; only replying that
diiring the delay he would suffer more
alone in his dungeon than a thousand
deaths. He then called for ali his papers
of imporlance, and applied himself lo put
ting them' in order lill the 9th hour of the
night preceding his execulion. ,
It is said that a tory Catholic Priest
called on him and urged his spiritual ser
vices to j)repare him l'or the unseen world,
and was answered by Mr. Cardinal that
his lime was so precious, and his mortai
existence so short, that he should be pleas
eJ to have him withdraw and leave him
alone, inasrnuch as many families would
be injured and perhaps ruined if he should
die wiihout signing the papers before him.
Hecontinued tosign.and his elegant signa
ture was a proof of his conlinued firmness.
The day before his death, he saw for
ihe last time, the dearest objects of ali bis
eafthly affections, his beloved wife and
children ; and sudi a scene who can
describe? The tears and caresses of a
fond and amiable wife, mingled with the
cries of his lovely innocent ones rendered
the 'scene heart-rending in the extreme.
The thought that ihe beloved companion
of ber bosom was to be strangled on the
morrow, was too much for ber. That
scene may be imagined but not described.
One of the young children asking wby her
father did not come back home, caused
Mrs. Cardinal to laint severa! times ; and
her critica! siiuaiion at the time, caused
such terrible convulsions that fear were
entertained about ber lile. The same day
she caìled on lady Colborne, tnd lailing on
i her kners she begged 6f her in the name
lucrivi n.-t if hnmanìl ir ti ili her illflj-
Ul J . Il U IIIHHI.HI1J -
enee with Sir John to epare ber husrband's
life. To ali her enrreaties lady Colborne
replied by offerì ng her some few dollari.
'Tis not money that I seek, tid ilr.
Cardinal, with mingled L'rief and indigna
tion, 'i is the lilc of my unhappy and un
fortunate husband, he that is 60 dear to
my heart, and to my innocent children,
that I soiicit. She was told coldly that
ber Ladybhip would pprnk to his Lordship
about it, and Mrs. retired lo be a widow
the next day.
The day Ix'fore his tleath, about 4 r. m.
Mr. Cardinal seni for a friend, and begged
of him to geo that his bier should be cov
ered with the pall-cloih made purposely
l'or ihe funeral of the vii-liins of the 21st
May, 18S2, who were murdered by a sol
diery, actuated hy a hatredof the Canadi
an people, and a thirst for blood.
On the rnoruing of his death, alter per
l'orniing his religious dulies, according to
the riies of the Roman rhurch, to which
he belonged, as Mr. Cardinal was prepar
ing lo turn his steps l'ioni his gioomy celi
to the awful ticaHold, he a!l at once be
thought himself of son.e papers that lay
on the table, whirh he took up and gave
tu ihr. Provoht Mar&hnl, fcaying " I feeì
glad that. 1 have thought about these pa
pers. Had I forgotten them, it would
have inj'ircd a poor widow. Be so kind
as t i fé:.! tiiose paj.ers io their proper ad
diess." Tue executioner was then called
to make the ntvesary preparaiions. Up
to the lat moment of his life he remained
unchanged nnd unchangeable in his polit
ica) views, and apparenlly resigned to his
immeritati fate; and passed now and then
a few words of consolation to his friend
who was to share it with him. A single
murmuronly was heard from this victim
of Britih despotism IIow cruel it is
to die thus, and die so young ;" but im
mediately he added " but my death shall
he a bejiefil to my country, and it shall be
avenged on the tyranls of Canada." Mr.
C. taking thelead, moved forward with his
fellow sufferer, quielly, but dignifiedly to
the place of sacrifice, there to lay down
LId l'.ù hi coui.trv ìii.i t!i ctuse vi':
freedom. He encswniered death with that
true philosophy which putteth away fear.
Scarcely had they steped upon the scaffold
ere it could be said of the subject of this
sketch "he is no more." Not so his
companion ; he6uffered long and severely.
The budies were delivered over to their
friends and accompanied to 'their last abode
by a numercus concourse of citizens, the
remains ol Mr. Cardinal being covered
with the pall-cloth of Slst. May, in accor
dance with his request.
Such was the end of a man beloved by
his friend.,, and respected by his enemies;
such too was the end of an affectionate
husband and a kind father ; and such the
end of a Patriot. And now it remains
to be seen if those fiends incarnate, whose
garments reek with 'their gore, shall es
cape that vengeance which is treasured up
against them.
Mr. C. was a man of middle stature,
rather slender, of a dark complexion ; eyes
black. His wliole countenance bespoke
mildness, but at the sanie time, firmness
and perseverance.
EDITORIAL.
SWANTON, APRIL 10, 1839.
In soliciting the patronage of the friends
of Canadian and American Liberty to 6us
tain the piibiication of this paper, we feci
that weare under the obligation ot suggest
ing to the community by whom we are
surrounded, that the want of a public jour
nal of thedescription that we now lay be
fore our readers, bas been often felt and
deplored by rnany ofour citizens. The
devotion of the Vermont press to the polit
icai mailer of the United States, and to
oiher and tierhaps tothern more intcrestlne;
subjects, than the tale of Canadian wrongs
leaves a largo majority of their readers
nearly in the dark as to theprr.gresss of the
crusade against the inalienable and naturai
righi vf man in the neighbouring provinces
WIile we feel 'ery thankful to the
editors wlio bave espoused the Cause of
the CacidifiDS, think that tbej have not
entered into the spirit o( the Contesi of
Liberty against despotism, with the zeal
that the importance of the cause requires.
In common with oihers, we think that the
rights of the people of bolh this country
and Canada have been encroached upon
hy the government ollìcers bolli civil and
military, and by the Representatives of the
people in Congress assenibled. The voice
of Liberty has been slifled and the freedom
of the press has bean checked from officiai,
aristocralic and anti-republican sources.
Ve believe that the people of this State
have desired a correct history of the facta
that have transpired and that continue
daily to transpire in thestruggle ofthe oji.
pressed against the oppressors upon our
borders to bepuhlished in the journal they
patronise ; and that in this, their wishes
have been (lisregarded either through party
trammels or other influence ; and that they
have been denied the publication of their
sentiments concerning the wrongs vlsited
upon the Canadian people. To remedy
some of these evita that gnmv upon the
public rnind, that threaten the vita! of our
inrititmions and makeevery true Patriot
mourn we have Ftarted this paper and
havededicated it to LIBERTY, TRUTH
and JUSTICE.
We are for Canada through good report
and through evil report, throj-jh f uccess
and defeat we go for the Liberty-loving
Patriot. Ws believe the Cause of Canada
is and should be made the Cause ofall
America. So long as Canada is in the
possession of the British, so long the
Americans will have neither peace nor se
curity. Britain has aiways waged war
with our Country's prosperiiy, and will
continue to menace our sal'ety, so long as
she has her bayonets south of the North
Pole. In advocating- the Canadian Cause
and in battling for Canadian freedom, we
shall not forget that we claim to be an
American Patriot. With an unrlinching.
determination io expose foreign and domes
tic tyranny and todenounce the tyranls
with a slern devotion tó the rights of the
people, and an unwavering opposition to
tyranny in every shape, we ask the friends
of Liberty to extend to us the right band
of support. V
fX?"Our friends in Canada and along the
froniier are particularly requested to for
ward us ali facis connected with the cause
in which we are engaged, which may con
tributo to make the North American
interesting and useful. We wish to make
this paper a faithful record of past and
passing events, and as thess events may
become matter of history we shall expect
our correspondents to pay due deferente
to that truth which cannot be controvcrted,
and which will render our journal worthy
the patronage of the American public.
DESPOTISM IN CANADA.
The British have laid waste the Country
withfire and sword, plundered the unarm
ed and defencceless inhabitants of furniture,
cattlc, provisions, and even of the clothes
that covered them from the pitiless storms.
The men are 6hot down in the streets,
dragged to prison, or driven into the
woods to perish from starvation and frost.
Women and children areobliged to suffer
treatment worse than death Irom the bru
tal volunteer3, and wander from plaee to
place begging for food and clothing. Ifow
long shall these sccenes continue without
the voice of New England being raisedìin
their behalf? W'here are those" rncn'of
Go!, who cry aloud against theoppressor
ofthe black man ? Where are the descend
ants of the Patriota of '76? Cannot
something be done to put ari" end to tbese
. . j PS 'V"
thinrra '
fi
CANADA MUST CE FREE f '
It will take lime ; it will cost ÌreasBr ;
it may cost blood ; the Canadian aoik-niiy;
be made ridi with the blood of brave me,
and the bones of thousand may' whiten
the shores of the St. Lawrence, to sàusfy
the thirot for blood in the bearts of thèen-
emies of freedom ; but the ' Stasdìrd of
LiixKTt" vili be piante d entke uoR'fifl
(Quebec, and there it $hall trave in triumph !
proclaiming to the old world that Ameri
ca will not suffer ber soil to be poiluted by
the continuancc of a tyrant's rule or a dog
despot'a sway. Canada mutt le free t
Heaven has deereed it. The war that
now seems at an end, isonly suipended, to
be renewed with fearful vigor. The fìro
of Liberty that runa along our borderà
cinnot be quenched. It may be checked
for a time ; crush it you cannot. You
n.ight as well attempt tochain the bolli of
Jehovah. It will soon burst out. Wilh ali
the fury that inspirits revenge. The best
blood of America has been shed. fXThe
avenger of wrongs ba3 unsheathed hia
sword, and tiine shall chronicle its use.
People of Canada, and citizens of the
United States, remember that North
America is deslined to be one great and
powerful Repnblic, where Liberti, re
strained by just and equal laws, shall reign
iriumphant. But the friends of American
institutions and American Liberty must be
vigilant ; the epirit of despotism is abroad
in the land. The gold of tyranny has cor
rupted too large a porlion ofthe American
press with the view to create an unnatural
tone of speech, and an unnatural feeling ia
the bosoma of Republican freemen.
" Vite la Libertc !" Canadians, bear
you not the cry of your countrymen whoso
blood has crimsoned the Ecaffold? Armi
armi! and be prepared for the onset ; for
your bleeding country will yet nced your
services. Act in concert ; be fìrm ; b
united. ' The better time will come."
"Thi Canadians dont desire to befree,
is the cry of the tories. They do not wish
a change of government. If that be the
l'act, wby does it reuuire 10.000 fort'?n
iroops to execute the ediets of Sir )n
Colborne ? Why'ia'the Constitution of
Lower Canada stispended f Wby ia mar-
lial law declared and enforced with uch
rigid barbarity as to make even the peonie
of England shudder ? If the people of
Canada are satisfied with their govern
ment, why are they not permitted peaceably
to assembleand express their sentiments ?
Why is every public journal suppressed
that dared to assert Canadian rights and
complain of Canadian wrongs ? Why it
a free system of laws abohshed, and a cruci
and vindictive military despotism éstablish-
ed by a foreign power, 3,000, miles over
the sea ì
FOREIGN.
LORD DURHAM & CANADA.
That politica! quack, Lord Durham,
who banished the Canadians without trial,
is now figuring in England s a Radical,?
and has recently produced a Report on
Colonial affairs, wherein he recommend
a new melhod of robbing the Canadian
perpetually, of ali politicai rights.
This paper fills fifty columns of the Lon
don Daily papers. We can give merely
an outline of its contenta. His Lordship
sets out with the f false! position that tho
differences in Lower Canada are notdifler-
ences of politicai prtnciples, but of national
races. British against French, and French
against British. Nearly one baìf the Re
port is taken up in establishing this posi
tion. " I expected," he says, " tofind a
contest between a goernment & a people.
I found two nations warring in the bosora
ofa single State. The two parties com
bine for no public object ; they cannot
harmonize even in associations of charity.
The only public occasiona on which they
ever meet, is in the Jury box ; and there
hey meet to the utter obstroction of juslice.
The loyalty of the French Canadian ia
"next denied. Never again will the pre
sent generation yield a loyal submission lo
a British government never agaia will
the English population toleiate the aolhor
ity ofa house of Assembly, in, wbich the
french sball posìess, or even approximate
yj a majority."
' In Upper Canada, tbings, he thioks, are
not irreclaimable, although he admits the
4ritinuance of many practical grievances,
u.e determined reststance on the part of
the authorities, to soch a system of respon-,
ib'.e goverumeat ai vookf give the peopl

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