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VOL. I,J Canaciian night nini fintimi iati IiidciMiidciiec. NO.,').
ruHi.isiiED by H. J. Thomas. SW ANTON, VT. A P II IL 2G, 1839. j kditkd by canadians& americana 1U T DOWN TIIB TY II AITO! They ii9 1n C1"8' UM J Tbe UWk ìny (k tlunr forc, Tbotr hI my oJdn in ilio un thtir li. b !rt nS lo' city gitr rf.d Citila !'., I.ut ihcir ',nrit wa:kf fthrpld ; Tbaugb y r eUpe, tnd otlii-ri We u darl dora, -litui u(.t.int the deep anJ wecping thoufht ATttich o' rHwer 'l olherst, md whicb eonduc "TU worlJ t Uit to fiecdom. UtKOK. people of Canada 1 Rcmcmber tliat t'ie bUl of Tiiartyrs in the causo of Fatano: calla alo u J for vengeance at your hands. TIìc folli nving is a list of those who bave .alien vi.ctims of despoiisra, in the Lowcr Province: Ch's Ovulo Perrault, n. p. p. Jean 01ivierChcnicr, m. d. Joseph Toussaint Drolct, mpp. Pierre Amiot, m. p. p. Jean Francois Lionnais m. d. Joseph Narcisse Cardinal, mpp. Joseph Duqucttv, Ma jor of p.a. PierrreThcophile Decoigne np Ambroise Sanguinei, Lt. p. a. Charles Sanguinet, Capt. p. a Francois Xavier Haniclin, do. Jacques Robert, Major p. A. Chevalier Delorimier, n. P. Ch's Hindenlang, Rrig. p. a. Francois Nicolas, Capt. do. Amab.'c Daunais, Licut. do. Rem Narbonne, Col. do. Isaiah ISoudréau, n. p. OU.IUINAL BI0CRAP1IY. riftiir.r.TuEonm.E Lemoins Decojgse w the sccond son of the late Louis De coig'ne 1 .sq., Notnry Public, who died ol the Cholera in 1332. He was born in 1800 at S te. Marguerite de Blairfindie, common ij talled L'Acadie, in the County ofCham blv. Dist.rict of Montreal. Ilis elder bro- ' ther, Le nÌ8 Mars Decoigne, Esq., N. P, was seni to Jail, in the lall ol 1337, and was not leleaned until Lord Durham'a am- ncsty WM published bis younger brother. O. D ri olone is now a Politicai Refugee in ibis tace In lhs month of Octobcr, 1S32, he mar ried an.'American Lady of Napierville, in the Cot mty of L'Acadic, where hehad been seitled for some lime. He studied the Notarili profession with his brolher-in-law J.T. Lukin, Esq., and although hecoiik bave been commissioned ns a Notary in 1834, He delayed sometimc before he quali Ccd biniseli" to act as such Ilis politicai career began in 1335, when on the 21st of Junc, he attended a public meeting of the Radicate of Napierville, to constitute a Branch of the Provincial Re form Association. His education, talenta aud politicai leelinffs were so vvcll known that ho was named the Corresponding Se cretary of the Association, which office he dischtrged with the utmost ability. In the spi inp f 1 836 ater ll)e stormy session of the House of Assembly, who voted on iy sis montila salaries for the ofììcials- the people not behind their legislators in energy and in their knowledge ofLor Gosfuid's treachery, beld public meetings ol the Conslituency of the respective coun , to take into considcration the state of ties, the Vrotince. Mr. Decoigne was one of those gentlemen, who signed a nolice for a Public meeting of the freeholders of the county of L'Acadic, on the 4th of July, 1836, a day memorable in the annals ol Amèrican Ilistory. Several spiriteli rcso lutions were passed at this meeting amóng them, was the following, " that if the system of misrule then existing ia the Pravince, was not speedily stopped anather 4th July wouK' rcsult, which woulJ put aa end to ali British power in America." In the month ofAtigust, 1837, he un "Jertvent bis examination as a candidate for the Notarial profession, befuje the Judges of the Court of If ing's Dench at Montreal, which proved very satisfactory both to the Judges and to his cxaminors, oneof whom fcappened to be Chevalier De Lorimicr, sq., who was 6Q soon after to share bis unfortunate and undeserved late. Jlis commission as a iNolary ruuiic was issueu under the great 6eal of the Province, on (he 6th of Octcber sanie ycar, when be scltkd amoncr bis old acnuaintances in Napierville, whcre he practised as a Nota ry, until he was made a prisoner last fall. t the great meeting liolden at St. Atba- nae, in the County of Rouvillt , opposite St. Johns, on the 5th ofNoveniber 1837, '.Ir. Decoigne Bupported forcibly the reso ution proposed by Louis Marchand of St. Mathias, " that the people then present, pproved and adopted the rcsolutions assed at St. Charles, on the 23d, and 24ih Octr. previous." What acontrastbe tween the one, who proposed this resolu tion and Mr. Decoigne who supported it! this last gentleman wns caini and dignified and persevered unto the end, even at the expense of bis own lue. Mr. Marchand on the contrary was exccedingly rasi and even boisterous, entreating the people then present, that if in the hour of danger ie turned bis back upon them, he wished them to shoot bini down yet ere the first gun was fired, he was at Highgate, Vt., H;wai!ing bis politicai conduct, and in the month of January following, he solicited frorn the Attomey General the privilege of being one of ber Majcsty's )rÌ80iiers in ber dungeons ai Montreal. Unfortunately he is not the only one who has acted so pusil- animously. In 1837, Mr. Decoigne was seen nmong those who look up arma to defend their country's rights, but was soon compelled to lay them down, when the atriot forces were disbanded in the coun ty of L'Acadie. On the Sd ofNov. 1838, when the signal was given for a general rising, Mr. Decoigne was named Captain by the people in bis vicinity, which dnties he discharged in a manner bigbly eredita ci' to himsclf. ,-Ue was i-utrusted with the comrnand of the advanced guard townrds Lncolle, to watch the regular troops of ls!e aux Noix and the loyalists of Odell town. His conduct was chataetcrised by coolness and bravery. At the battle of Odelltown, beacted with such undaunted courage and skill as to Becuro the obedi enee of his men and the confidence of his superior officerà. On the same night he retreated to Na pierville, where he remained till the after- noon of the next day, when, after ali the disasters which had befallen the patriot army, it was deemed advisable toretreat to the United States. Previous to this attempted retreat, he stopoed at his house to bid adieu to his wife and family the parting with hischil dren aflected bim much. While embracing them, he said with tears "in his eyes " fareivell rr.y children, much as I love you, I love my country more." Mr. Decoigne, Mr. Hindenlang and some eight other gentlemen started in company for the State of New York. On the mor niii? of the llthNov., a few rodsfrom the Provincial line, but yet in Odelltown Mr. Decoigne left his companions to en quire at a house very near them, where they were. Alasi he had not gol hall way from his companions to the house when some troopers on honeback, who were then watching on the line, pursued and overtook him ! His arms were imme diatcly pmioned, and in that manner, he was taken to the guard-house, whence he was rerooved to Napierville jail, where he underwent an examination and was order- ed to Montreal. To reach ihat place, Mr Decoigne, with his brethran in misfortune about 40 in umber, tied togelher in cou nles. were forced to march through the mud knee-deep, the distance of 15 miles, fed only on bread and water. The Catholic Priest of Napierville, Amiot, predicted the execution of Mr. Decoigne, on his arrivai there, injlhe pow er of the tories. It is proper to state here, that this priest had been made a prisoner by Mr. D. on account ofhis notorious loy alty, but had been released on parole and treated in other respeets with the utmost kindness. During the trial, or 6horlly af ter it, which commenced on the 2 Uh Dec ecaber this same priest carne outtoCor- teau, N. Y. on a visit to the Catholic priest of that place, who was a ppy over (he conduct of the Patriota last yrar in the cmploy of the Rrilish and of the U. S. General VVool. There again Amiot pre dicted the untimely fate of our unhappy friend, gloating over the prospeets of a speedy and fearful retribution for having arrested the Lord's anoinled. This pre diction taing verified, with many other similar instaners, would seem to corrobo rate the assertion that the Catholic Clergy of the Canadas are consulted as to the victims to be butehered by the present government. Outhel2thday of January 1839, he received oflicial notice of his execution for the following Friday, which was to be on the 18th and frum that moment he was bliut up alone in a dark and gloomy celi, where he had to sulTer those painfu and gloomy thoughts, necessarily resulting from the loneline6s and solilude ofa dun geon, in which the only companions he had, was vermine. On the Wedncsday following at dusk, bis lovely and amiable wife and bis innoceut children were allow- ed lor the lirst time to visitluni since )us caplivity. What a sorrowful meeting for acouple who loved eacb other so tender y! After a few words were excbanged, tears and bitter ones too, were ber only consolation. Their feelings could not be expressed by language. Occasionalìy he would say to his wife, "Maria, my dear Maria, I must be toni from you! Cruci, cruci fate!" He would then take his chil dren in bis arms, give them a kiss and im- mediately repcl them. His wife remained with him, till the next day. In the after noon, his nged and respectable mother, who could well be callcd the mother of al lliction, carne to bid adieu to ber unhappy son such b scene is beyond description A mother is the only competent judge of the feelings of this old lady! His wife arni mother had to pass direct- ly under the gallows, where the next day, one was to lose a kind and beloved bus band, and the other a dutiful and affection ate son. Mr. Decoigne rctained his wife and his brother to pass the last night with him having arranged his professional pa pers, he delivered them over lohis brother. On the moming ofhis execution bis bio ther at the solicitation of Mr. D. preparec his toilet as he was to appear on the scaf- fold. While assisting him, he Irequently re marked, "weep not my dear brother, liber ty cannot be gained without bloodshed." A few monients after, he was sayingto his brother "what acurious thing is death? now hear and 6ce vou, but in afewbours although I ehall be surrounded by my fa mily, I bhall hear them no more. My wife my dear wife,my old, beloved mother wil bchold ine, and that gratiCcation I ahal not enjoy. Oh death! cruel death, thy pangs are indeed terrible! but it must be so, let it come the sooner, the better." An hour and 3-4, before the awful moment his wife was forced to bid him an eterna adieu! Finding that the lime was fast approaching, "now is the moment, Maria said he, when fortitude is nceded we must part. When I look you for my compani on in this lowcr urorld, a parting must havo been anticipated one day oranother but not in such a cruel manner. May the Dispenser of ali good protect you, and may you take good care of my children adieu, my dear." Such were the parting words fof an afTectionate couple never to meet again on this side of the grave. Mrs Decoigne, on her way to herlodging9 met the coflìn nreoared for her husband, on its si way to the jail, 6he sighed but said not word to the gentleman who accompanied her. Several peiitions were signed ani! forwarded from the Counties of L'Acadie and Chambly to the Uoody and pililess Sir John Colborne, praying the exercise of his royal clemency in favor of Mr. De coigne, iiul me same ormai ireauui-in practised by Lord Rawdon upon Col. Isaac Haynes, was to be inflicted upon our unhappy countryrnan. The petitions were disregarded and the warrant of death of this Martyr of Liberty was signed by the band of the Murderer Colborne. . A . f 1 i 1 . . . At9j3-4A. M. the Provost Marshal, the executioner and some others inforniod Mr. Decoigne, that the hour had arrived to march to the 6caifold. " I ani ready," said the 6uflerer, and the next minute he was proceeding with a firm and resolute atep to the gallows, which this lime togra- tify the eyes and wishes nf a greater num- :er of sanguinary loyalists, was erected over the wall, which encircled the jail, and in such a situation that it could be seen at a great distance. The stairs to the Bcafiold were steep and diflicult of access Mr. Decoigne however look the lead ofhis companions and arrived on the platform, with an agility which surprised ali the epectators. The Street lad been barricaded at the lower end of the jail wall, 60 as to 6 top ali the farmers who were coming from the north to the mar ket. But it was in vaiti; they preferred returning home, without Bellìng their pro duce, rather than witness such a horrible and humiliating spectacle ihat of seeing their countrymcn butehered for having as serted their rights. Mr. Decoigne 6poke a few tninutes lo the assemhled multitude willi a firm and unaltered voice. TJie tory ìiapers in Montreal pretend that he had ncknow- ged his politicai crrors, but we knovv from undoubted authority that there wns no such acknowledgemert on Mr. Decoigne's )art. His discourse was merely on religi- ous duties and nothing else. As soon as ie had finished, the live suflerers took their respective places and the next mo ment they were mimbered among the Martyrs of Liberty. Mr. Decoigne'i euf- ferines were apparently very 6hort. His body was delivered over to his friends, who kept it one day and then iriterred it in the Catholic burying ground of tho City of Montreal. Mr. Decoigne was 29 years, t h ree months and 10 days old. He was a gentleman of very pleasant marinerà and had received a complete, classical educa tion. He was nearly G fect in height, his eomplexion rather fair grey eyes and curled hair. His features were very reg ular. Sueh was the victim that the cruci Col home sacrificed to the sanguinary tories of Lower Canada. IIow long: will the people of that province allow tho murder ofsuch men Mr. Decoigne left a young widow with two email fatherless children complete!' destiiute : ali bis properly having been plundered and his dwelling house eo much damaged as to be wbolly uscless. IIISTORICAL. ACADIA. CHAPTER It. Fate of those Jlcadians forced on board jillhy vessels the barbarous manner in which they mutilate d the eorpses of the unfortunate people. rlaces oj seiue meni in Canada. Jìcnewal by the Jìril ish in 1762 of their atrocitics, in the shtpment of Jlcadians to Boston. Exlraclfrom L'.lbbe Jlaynal, pretenlinr a piclure of the eondition social, mot al ana politicai ofthe Jlcadians. Exlract of a petilion forwarded to George II its total ncglect. Itemarks upon the treatment of Colonia by European power s their tndiJJ creme generally. Probablc fate of the French population of lsower Canada necessiti) ot amalgama tion with the Jlmerican Jlepublicans in preferente lo sharing the fate of unfor tunate Jlcadians, which would axtait the Canadians, iflhey quietly submitted to Enghsh oppression. Not content with having sundered those ties which death alone 6hould dissolve, the English forced these unfortunat people on board of vessels, where soon the fili occasioned by the wretchedness and num bers of famiiies, produced putrii fevers which resulted in the death ofuncounted numbers. Scarcely had the breath left the body of a child, ere it was 6natched from its mother or its adepted parent and thrown into the deep. The same course was pur sued with ali those who died onship-board on their passage to the difierent ports o Boston, Philadclphia, New York, Baiti more," and Qu.'bcc. Those who reached their place of destination yet alive, were thrown upon the wharves without ahrlier and without uittenance. In this stato of ulter destitution nnd wretchedness thou- sanda pe rished ; and only in acme few in stances could their friends find fotsr planki to enclose their last remans. When the cad were disposed of by the British bar- barians, it was not unfrequent that tho imbs were eevered from a full grown body in order to encloso it in a coflìn mado for a child. Those who eurvived, lived only to mourn the loss of fiiends either dead or transport- d to places unknown. An Acadian 'gen leman who had been transported to Que bec, anuounced in the public papera that io had arrived at that place, and wished to havo tidings of bis wife and children. It was not until some ycar afterwarda that le found his wife, ond she was then a eer- vant in the City of Philadclphia. One of ms children had been transported to New York, another to Baltimore, and o third imi remained in Nova Scolia. Another Acadian gentleman after trov lling through most ofthe Englifch colonica in scardi of hi wife, at last found ber a servant in a public hotel, in Philadclphia. After alighting, nnd while wanning birn- self near the fire, reflecting on his sorrow ful lot, li ì a wife suddenly prcsented herself nenr the chirnney, with a ketlle in ber band. Meeting ns they did in this unex- icctud manner, their joy was equal to their surprise. Those who carne to Canada pcttlcj most y at St. Gregoire, opposite TJirec Rivcrs j at St. Jacques, behind L'Assomption and Lacadie near St. Johns. Every wJicre they bave relained their old babits of lifo, and are even to this day dislinguished for their honesty and their implicity of man-nera. Their auflerings in theSonthJJr"i,AffJffws' wero more severe. 1 liey were lrcated not like innocent and persecuted men, who had been chased from their native land, but as criminal conviets. Their wicked persecutors not yet sali. fied with tho spoliation and ili treatment already mcted out to this inoffensive people, re-commenced the work of exter- mination under some epecific but unfound- cd pretext, in 1762, eeizing in the rnidst of their peaceful agricultural pursuits, tho remaing few who had at first cscaped their notice, they led them under o military es cori to Halifax, whence thoy werc ecnl in transporls to Boston. To give the render a correct picture of the politicai, moral and social eondition of the once happy Acadians, we introduce a few passages from L'Abbe Raynal: " Such was the attachment which the French then had for the honor of their country, ihat the Acadians who, submit ting- to a new yoke, had sworn never to bear arms against their former standard, were called French neutrals." " No magistrate was ever appointed to mie over them, and they we never ac quainted with the laws of England. No rentor taxes were everexacted from them. Their new Sovereign seemed to nave for gotten them, and they were equally tran gers to bim." " Hunting, which had formerly been tho delight ofthe colony, and inight stili bave supplied them with subsistence, had no further attraction for a aimple and quict people, and gave way to agriculture. It had been begun in the marsheg and low lands, by repelli ng the sea and those ri vera which covered these planes, with dykes. These grounds at first yielded fifty timet as much, at least ; wheat and oats succeed ed best in thero, but they likewise produced rye, barley and maize. There were also potatoes in great plenty, the use of which was beconie common." " At lhe8ame time they have immenso meadows with numeroua flocks. Sixty thousand headof horned calile were com puied there, and most ofthe famiiies had several horscs, though the tillage was car ried on by oxen." " The habiiations chiefly built of wooil, were extremely convenienti and furnished as neatly as a farmer's house in P.urope. The people bad a great deal of poultry of ali kinds, which made a variety in their food, and which was in general wholesome and plentiful. Their common drink was beer and cider, to which, sometimea they adtled rum." , " Their usuai clothing was, in general, the produce of their owa flax and Ixjmp, t ' t i f 1