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VOI.. 1, Canndinn night nini Canadian Inde pcntlcnc c. NO. G.J l'UBLISHED BY II. J. THOMAS. SWANTON, VT. MAY 15, 1&39. DITKI) BV CANADIANS& AMER1CANS. Tilt: sortii Annitrì x IH PUBI.ISHED EVEKY WEEK, Price $L 50 pernii, inadeance, or $2 00 al the end of the ycar. i I-IT Ium.N TI li: TVRAXTS l T'.f ti'Tcf fiil who dm io jrreat caute ; Tse tV:' my r'1 ,he,r fore Ihnr hcd may dden o the tun ihcir litiibs Vi ) n:'": a!!. b"t iheir tjiiril wilkn abroad ; Ì botati )!," n1 oi''Cr bare aa dark a tiootn , 1- bai uimnU ih dep anJ awecpinf tliought Wt.icfi o'rrpiM l othr, and wìiicu conduci The worid il lt lo frecdora. Uritos. ?????? ? IVojiIc of Canada ! Remembcr that the li! xmì if martyrs in the cause of Freedom sii oloud for vengeance at your banda. The following is a list of those who have f alien victim3 of despoiÌ9ff), in the Lower IViviiice : Cli's Ovido Pcrrault, m. p. r. .Icari Olivier Chcnicr, m. d. Joscj)Ii Tcussaint Urolet, mpp. Pierre Amiot, m. p. p. Jean Francois Lionnais m. d. . Joseph Narcisse Cardinal, mpp. Joseph Duquette, Major ofp.A. FierrreTheophilc Decoigne np Ambroise Sanguinet, Capt. p.a Charles Sanguinet, Lt. p. a. Francois Xavier Hamclin, do. Jacques Robert, Major p. a. Chcvalier Delorimier, p. , Ch's Ilindenlang, Brig. p. a. Francois Nicolas, Capt. do. Amable Daunais, Licut. do. Rvmy Narbonne, Col. do. Joseph Morin, Capt. v. A. Narcisse Grcgoire, do. do. Isaiah Boudrcau, n. p. , ORIGINAI BIOGRAPIIY. Francois Marie Thomas Chevamer De LnamiER iva a native of the City of Montreal. Ile was horn in the year 1305, und was a descendantof the ancient F rendi nohility. The name stili ranks high in the French Arniy. When Canada was ceded t F.iigland, the De Lorimier family was continued in o.lìce by the Englih Govern ment, and there are a great many of them yet receivinj ealaries from the present government for their services, more par- ticularly in the Military Department. The subject of this biography completed hia classical studies in 1824, at which time he hegan bis Notarial studies, under the late Pierre Ititchot, oflhe city of Montreal, the same who acled os secretary of the celebrated meeting: ol the radicala of that city holden on the 13th Dee. 1327. Òr, the Sd day of August, 1329, Mr De Lorimier was admitted to practice as public Notary. His talents and honesty soon gained him very extensive practice, He alterwarda became the partner ofMr Rilchot ; and it is worlhy of remark that thia amiable young man after the Death of bis partner took it uiSon himself to sup port bis family. Mr. De Lorimier was loo kind, too generous, too grateful to abandon the bereaved widow and fatherless children of his patron and friend till he saw them well provided for. In 1932, on the lOth ol Jan. he married the eUest daughter of the late J. M. Cad ieux, Esq. one of the wealthiest Notaries of the City of Montreal. Mr. De Lori mier's professional reputaiion was sudi, that he was consulied in almost every dif ficult case. Allhough belongmg to a fam ily in the employment of the British Gov ernment, he was always a Reformer. As soon as he could take an active part in politica, he always advocated the rights of nis country, and opposed the tyranny and oppression of the British Government. Doring the election fof the West Ward of the City of Montreal" in 1832, he was foremost io supportine the late Daniel Tracey, Eaq. who hai suiTereJ imprison ment for having dared to 6ay that the Legislative Council was a nuitanee. Mr. De Lorimier'a exertions were incessant in favor of Dr. Tracey 'a election. In 1834, we again findour laoienled friend usingali bis iallufcce (which was very great) in favor of the candidales, whosupporled the principles conlained ita the 92 resolutions. It would be tedious perhaps to enume rate bere ali the services Mr. De Lorimier rendered to his country, we abati therefore try to be brief and come at once to those acts which rendered him odious lo the English Government and which finally brought upon him the cruel and vindictive treatment which ended his precious life. Mr. De Lorimier partook oflhe feelings of the great mass of the Beformers of the Province, in regard to the injustice and unconstitutionality of the resolutions which had been adopled by the English Parlia nient againsi Lower Canada in March, 1837, denying those reforms which vvere asked, aod aulhorising the pillage of ils public revenues. Being afreeholder in the counly ol Montreal, he altended the great meeting of that county, which was holden at St. Laurent, on the 15th May, that sameyear. ilispopuiarity anu tus politicai honesty led the people to name him Secre tary oflhe meeting. Ile discharged his dulies wilh great credit. At this meeting among other resolutions one was adopted to form a permanent and centrai committee for the county of Mon treal, which was to sit weekly in the city of Montreal, for the purpoae of watchiug ali movements of the gov'mt, and to cor respond wilh ihe several committees which might be cstablished in the difl'erent coun ties of the Province. A Secretary of tal ents and great integrity, lo whom imoi- tant business could be entrusted, was want ed ; the honor was unanimously conferred upon our departed friend. At each nieet. ing of the permanent and centrai commit tee, Mr. De Lorimier was always found at his post, ready to discharge the artluous duties liis countrymen had imposed upon him. The citizens of the city of Montreal met on the 29ih June following io disapprove ol the arbitrary conduct of the metropoli. lan eovernment lowarus its Lanauiar. L-ol onies and a!so to prolest solemnly against the passing by the Imperiai Parliament of resolutions which annihilate constitutional rights in the Province. Mr. De Lorimier was again chosen Secretary of ihis meeting, and the manner in which he discharged his duties, entitled him to the thanks of the reformers. On the Cth Nov. 1837 when the Sons of Liberty were attacked while peace- ably assembled, Mr. De Lorimier was in volved in the general fight which ensued. He then showed that he f'eared not death. He was seen exposed to the utmostdan- ger, and he did not leave the baule field lill he had been disahled by a musket ball which he received in one of hislegs. He continued to act as Secretary of the centrai and permanent committee of the Counly of Montreal till the sittings of that 6erviceable and patriotic body werebroken up by the tyrannical measures of the locai government. Warrants of High Treason were issued against ali the Radicals who had made themselves conspicuous by the active part they hadtaken in the measures to relieve their onnressed country. 1 he nameof Mr. De Lorimier was too notori ous to escape the notice ol the tyrant Gos- ford, and a mandate was issued for his ap prehension. His noble devotedness to his country's cause was to be rewarded by a duni?eon or bv the scafTold. Our friend o 1 learning the designa of the government left the city and directed his course to- wards the county of Two Mountams, where he arrived on the 15th Nov. His patriot ism and his decision of charac ter were duly appreciated by the people among whom he went to fight or die for his country '8 liberty. He was soon raised to the rank of Captain, and was ordered to join the divisiou at St. Eustache under the brave and immortai Chenier. At the battle of St. Eustache on the 14th Dee, he seconded as long as it was in his Dr. Tracey was etected, but the election re ohed io ibe massacre of ihree Canadians bj the British Troor. Duriti the Brine, Mr. De Lori mier had the handle ofhis umbrella cut off by a muskel ball, and hia eseape from deaih wu on that occuioo, .ry prondantial. power, the noble efTorts of those worthy and courageous patriot who preferred a desparate fight lo a dithonorakle flihl, But the late of the battle was against them, being overpowered bv superior force; and it was not ti!l then that our friend made bis escape to St. Benoit. Finding thatit was useless to make any further at tempts to repel the troops, with sev'ral other dislinguished patriota he made his way to the United States. From St. Benoit they carne down to Berthier, and from ihcnce they went asfar down as Three Rivers. They then crossed the St. Lawrence, passed through Drummond and Sher brooke, and after mudi fatigue, and seve ral hair-breadlh escapes they arrived in Ca naan Vt. Ali this long and tedious route was performed at the expense of ali com lorts, and with the privation of nearly ali the necessaries of lift;, more particularly in the Eastem Townshìps where they were stopt many limes by guards, who detained them till they were satisfied that they were not connected with the rebellion. It was about Christmas that they found them selves in the land of freedom. As 6oon as Mr. De Lorimier had crossed the lines, he carne to Montpelier Vt. where he was hospitably received. We have of- ten heard him expressing his gratefulness for the hospitality of the people of that vil-J lage. He felt very grateful for the kindness of Mr. J. A. Vail towards himsell and his brother refugees. On the lstof January, 1933, Mr. De Lorimier was present at a meeting of the Canadian refugees at Middlebury Vt., and his hopes for the emancipaiion of his coun try vvere raised very high by the flatlerinp manifestalionsof certain persons, who had it then in their power to do mudi gocd, bui who in aftertime seemed to have forgotien their grandiloquent promises. Our friend was not of those men whose only wish is to fight with words. Finding that he was deceived in his expcciaiiotis, he lei t, and joined Dr. Robt. Nelson at Pittsburgh N.Y., where the Doctor was then engaged in planning an attack upon the Brilish foe. Mr. De Lorimier was one of those true Canadian Patriots who werenever dishear tened by the sad reverses their cause had been subjected to. Independence and liber ty he believed could not be bought too dear; and he always considered his life asof very little value while his country wasoverrnn by a foreign foe. Wilh such sentiments the reader may imagine that our friend was never inactive. Night and day he was constantly busied in preparing materi ata to enable him to take deep revenge upon the oppressors of his native land for the horribie cruelties they had practised upon the patriots. ' Ali his thoughts and ali his means were absorbed in the busy preparatoli for slriking again for ihe "inde pendence of his country, and the punish mentofits oppressors." On the 23th of February he entered the Province at Beach Ridge, under the Command of Dr. Robert Nelson. He then held the rank of Cap. tain. While the patriot army was on the Ridge, several alarms were given, more parteiularly during the night. Mr. De Lorimier was cairn and fearless, always encouraging his men, to whom he had be come very dear by his kindness and affa bility. When, by the treachery and scan dalous conduct of Gen. Wool, who had seized ali the ammunitions and nearly ali the fire-arms of the patriots, it became necessary to retreat to the United States, disappointment with ali ita pangs was de picted in Mr. De Lorimier's countenance. He of course submitted to necessity and carne back to PJattsburgh. In the tnonth of May his lady carne to join him, and to the month of August he resided with ber at that place. About that time he went to Ste. Scholastique, in the county ofTwo Mountains, on a special mission. He how evej very soon carne back to the States, where he remained till a little time before the outbreak, when he again returned to the county of Two Mountains. On the rising of the 3d of November last he was at Beauharnois, in the county of Beauharnois, where he acted as Briga dier General. His courage was surpassed by no one, and his bkill was admired by ali those who had an opportunity of judging of hia military capacity. Ab order iiaving been received to concentrate ali the patriot forces at Napierville in the county of L'Acadie, Mrl De Lorimier ordered bi$ men lo this place. He look with him the several prisoners they had made arxul Beauharnois and matched accordingto the orders he had received. On his ariival at Lapigeonniere, he heard that th patriot forces had been disbamled and that Sir John Colborne with a strong force wai marcliing on Napierville. Ili men werl few and but poorly armed. His oflìceri were called together & it was deeined ad visable to disband & to release their prison ers, among whom was Mr. Eilice, a nephew to Lord Durham. Under these perples ing circumstances our friend with several other patriota took the direction of the State of New York. They were very near the lines in Odelton when they were challenged by a British guard who not re ceiving a proper answer, fìred upon them. The night was very dark, the companions ofMr. De Lorimier continued their route to the States but unfortunately our friend rctreated towards the interior, and between 1 and 2 o'clock on the morning of the 1 2th Nov., he was made a prisoner. His arma were immediately pinioned and he was ta ken to the guard-house, where he was oh- liged lo put up with ali kinds of insults from the loyalists, but with that compo sure which characterizes every true patriot. He was taken to Napierville jail, and had to walk fifteen miles on foot. The ropes with which he was tied were so tight that it was wilh great dilficulty thai they could be taken off, so deeply buried were they in his arms. He was thrown into a cold dungeon without lire and with no other victuals than bread nnd water, and had but the bare ground to sleep upon. After an cxamination before thè military authorilies who were there. I ""a ecnt on thè 22d Nov., wilh several of his com panions to Montreal jail, where he was thrown into a lonely dungeon. On the 8th January, 1839, he was of ficially notified to be prepared for his tri al, which was to take place three days af terwards on the 11 ih. On the day ap pninted he was dragged before the Court Martial whose jurisdiction he recused. He denied the powers of a military body to de cide upon his life or death, and cited legai authorilies he had in his favor. But ali was of no avail. His death was predeter mined by the sanguinary and blood thirsty Colborne, and the military officerà, who composed the infernal inrjuisition, the Court Martial, were but the tools oflhe despot who rules Lower Canada. So he found it was useless for him lo combat any longer. As therè were tvvelve other pri soners besides him who were arraigned at the same time, the trial was prolonged till thc20lh.' During that long and tedious business Mr. De Lorimier behaved like a true patriot who forsaw that his life was to be sacrifieed lor his country. The Crown-Officers used every exertion to make it appears that of ali the patriot leaders, he was the most guilty, and no extenuation conld be offered, to prove lln's assertion we copy word for word a certain part of the address of Mr. Day, the Judje Advocate to the Court Martial, which is in ihe following terms : "But we feel that we cannot in the strici discharge of our public duly, supprfss the opinion that there exisls sulfìcient evi dence to warrant the belief that the prison er De Lorimier is one of the most dangr ous class of criminale, wbose machinalions have put into operation the detestable re bellion which left behind it destruction and ali kind of miseries inflicted upon society in this land who ought to expiate, BY DEATH, the loss oflhe lives of the vie tims who perished on the battle field, as well as of the lives of their companions in crime, less intelligent perhaps than them, who have paid by the scafTold, crimes to which they had been compelled." And a little further he adds " We are inclined to say that among those who accordine to our conscience appear lo bemost guilty are : Brien byhis intellectual faculties and his presumed knowledge of "his social du ties: Delorimier for thesame reason, to gether wilh the circumstance to which we have alrrady made allusion, that he had lefl the city to go to thp seat nf rebrllion.' Il was easy to fortee by this addres of ti. Judg Advocate that our lamentai friend would b sacrifieed. Durine his tri al the Herald and the L'Ami di Peuple announced wilh enphasis and a fiendifJi plrasnro tliat Mr. De Lorimier wouM be found " guilty." They could well ray so, thev who are in ali the secreta of the san guinary administration of Sir John Co' borne, one being the organ of the violcnt tory party, and the other being supported chiefly by the Calholic Priests of the Se rninary of St. Sulpice al Montreal. Their awful predietion about the fate of Mr. De Lorinver was fulfìlled; and on the 12ih of Feh., at three o'clock in the after noon sentenre of death was offìcially com municated to him, who was told thnt on the next Friday bis noble ar.d virluous life should be ended on the gibbet. This news he received with apparent indiflerence. He knew the cruel and bloody disposition of the foe in whose banda he was, and he expected nothing from them but death. He wrote immediately to his wife so as to have ber and his family prepared for the awful blow they were to receive. We shall quote bere the words of his belo"ed sister to a friend in the Slates " When we received hia letter, hia halfdead wife and niyself went to see him. But, alaa! What a meeting ! AH the prisoners were shedding tears. He alone" with his bravo and (infortunate companion and friend Ilindenlang seemed to be indifferent lo their fate. 0! Almighty power, how this re membrance inakes me shed tears." His tender wile left Pittsburgh N. Y., as soon as shr heard that hia trini wes to take place, but she was not ollowed to see him lill the last day ofhis trial. When for the first lime since his captivity he be held the tender companion of his lieart.' After she had received the terrible iritelli- gnoo of bis ontlOTnnation,' ha ron l'I thejail to presa once more to ber bosom ber unfortunale but beloved companion. Butalas! under what circumstances were they to nieet! ali their happy days were gone, nnd ali was now bui gloom nnd des pair. Mr. De Lorimier received hia wife howevcr with fortitude, and when in ali the agony of mind which it can bo eup poscd the circumstances would produce, she said,my dear husband thou art to die an ig. Dominious and cruel death: " he answered rier " a cruel death? yes, my dear Har riet, but not ari ignominiovs one. Idia for my country I die on a scafTold, but it ia for liberiy's sake. No! there is no dia honor in dying on a gibbet, when it is for freedom's cause. No, no, the death of Lount and Mathevvs, or Cardinal and Du. quette is more honorable than to live the slaves of a despotic government. May my death help thedownfall of British pow er in the Canadas & I shall die contenied." On the day he received notice of bis ex ecution, his sister went to see him. He spoke of his approaching fate with great tranquility of mind. Ile begged from ber to write to his brother Gideon who Isa politicai refugee at Sheldon Vt.,and to teli him, "not to be disheartened by my execu tion but on the contrary that it should in crease bis courage and his desire for ven geance on the British government. Let him be prudent and discreot : give him my best wishes and my eternai farewell, I thall never see bim more." Fearful that his politicai sentimenti! would be misrepresented if he addressed the multitude when he tdiould appear on the scafTold, he wrote a long letter, (which we give below,) to he published in the United States after bis death. He knew that the tory papera had miconstrued and disfigured the speech, hia late and la menled friend Mr. Decoigne made on the scaflold, on the 18th January preceding, and he took this precaution that his senti ments bhould not Le misrepresented after after bis death. Having aettled ali bis pro fessional business, he prepared himself to meet the awful moment with courage and foriitude, epeaking with great composure lo the few friends who were allowed to visit him before leaving the world. i 1 i ! ! i 1 , if.