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North American. [volume] (Swanton, Vt.) 1839-1841, May 29, 1839, Image 2

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N O H T II A 31 12 K I C A i .
ite UVJtt f -i t( hit strettite or. Mf. V
CeJtft. Tte mora Ja?jf wilb !
ter of oSce bkh qoml M r
iih ti t.;niir.i j in ct rr'ra
t-nbir ; and e Kiied binf !f f it m
mia ubo r3mtoMÌ frm Song j radice
the cruci r of tormentie; rnrn
ti.- '. Riiit at first or.ScmJ
i . h khut ud in the mfir
t w sv -
tsarr, ihit U Vo Mjf.in ihc general aew
c, wher ibe o)DCà it certam jwu;
v w vi ... - - .
the (tratti if of Ihrtr iafifmitics and
Ihfif purgatine, lo gel ndoftUeliu
luort wbich troubtal them. Boi
km D.jlcnough tilt Mr. DuCairth u!d
te icfriteJ by theae monk, two mad nirn
vrt re j.lacrd in a room bove the prisoner
who from the first day of Apri! io vi e
latt of Auguit, in the excei of tbeir freu
art, Hovre J bim ncithrr irt nor ac
,Their4 inferri! i contantnuiw u a what
I'athir Bcbet, in bit utrageoualy hu-
morout i-Ars, uaeJ to c!l the Hall will
.i.:,k r:.ivrnmrnt n-iaheJ to ainuse the
1 1 IV . -
H was Ibut that tbis hardened monk
rnaJe barbaroua sport of thesuflerings of
an unfortunate man ; bui behold the ac
n. nfeturhv ' the h ih with whicli t;iese
a i v w - F
two mad men inunJaleJ their fl(Xr was
dittolred and passt-d through the crevice8
and fcli tometimes in Iarge quantiliea itilo
the room of Mr. Du Calvet. Fathir
Braa would never permit duriog ihe
space of more ihan two years, the
tonni to be scrubbed once, even al" the ex
jne of the prisoner; so jealoua was this
monk ol bit fitth and dirt, thal he was
afraid tbat cteaniinessshould exist in the
amaìlest corner of hiaconveot.
The bealth of Mr. Du Calvet was so
much impnired by the Constant infeclion to
whien be wasexposed, that Ite was soon
ftt vprffinc towards consumntion : he
thought that Uo'.h would be the only
thinff that could restore his health, or at
leastclieck ttx diacaw : but this Ccrberus
monk wbo enjoyed a good table, in
prcat part at the esjense of the Govern-
meut. was dailv infrinsine bis rules of
ìienance ; be thought he could make an
umtnde honoralU to bis inlringcd rules
by charging a stranger witb the penance
of ali his convent. He denied with an im
iverìous and cruel tone this small rclief to
the pnsoner, allhough be ofTercd topay for
il at the price of a dottar a day. Il is with
titreiue regret that Mr. Du Calret writes
ibis. Ile is a protestant by bir ih, by educa
tion and by principles; but fanaticism has
notbing lo do with bis religious creed and
he would feci more pleasure in describing
ibose monks as Ihey ought to have becn,
and not xchal thry are.
But whilst so much study and so much
art were employed to aggravate the miae
ries of his capiivity, the most atrocious
means were made use of to ruin his large
ettates. His store, his beautiful dwelling
at Montreal, bis acignorial domains were
abandoned to a general piilage. There
was a lan'suit pending blween bim and
hit Agenl in London ;the Sabbath, the day
before the final judgemenl, was chosen to
cile him to appear in person the nest day
at the Court, allhough a sentry at bis
door would not allow him to go out of his
room. Scarcely had be lime to send to a
lawyer lo give him a power of Aitorney to
answer in his name. The lawyer begged
frorn the court to delay the cause, ali
wa of no avail. The Surgeon Major of
the Uarrison who was also the judge ofthe
Province gave his opinion that so much
Jenity or rather equity could not be 6hewn
to a State prisoner. In France, it would
have been thought an iosult to the whole
people to have a autler for a judge, but
any treatment is good enoughor Vanadi
n$. Atlea&l after sucri an iniquitous de
cwion and such an infamous degradation,
it would bave been the doly of the Gov
ernment to send him to his first avocalions,
but at Quibee, bis deciaion was law, and
Goyernor Haldimand was proved to be
his echo.
This Genera was never before in the
tabitof sittingonihe judicial beoch. nor
has be done it since ; no other cause called
him to the court But Mr. Du Calvet
was a chosen victim. This Swiss who
hai stadied French jurisprudence on a farm
ia his own country, and had cultivated his
first judicial cssays in the roidtt of English
camp and armirs in America, pronouccJ
complete condemnaiion againn Mr. Du
Calvet who by the immediate and arbitra
rjexecutioaof thisjttJgenect (ali appeal
lo the Kir j'i Coutil htfìrs bern rtjried)
Ut aboul fSO,(X). io ali rase whrre
Mr. Da CK-et waiptaiotliT, adetay wat
grar.trd to ihe dcfemfsnts, bui crery onc
ws firmne n sie biro, not cou'd be
haverecourte to appesi.
Whilat o mny glaring injnsiifes wr re
committetf, ile rectal!c frn-&ds of Mr.
Du Calvet did not abandon bim in hi
mitfortunes ; ihey offrred General Haldi
Riaad bai! for the pri'ner, their offer was
in vain. Mr. DuCa.'vcl bimself nsade
prnjviiions ; he oiTercd to pul in &eques
trstion, iato the hands of a jrson rmjKiw
fred by the Government, the whole of his
fortune, as a pledge for hit presenl and
future fuieiity ; ibis request was of no avail.
He aummoned in due forni General Haldi
mand to give him up to theseverity and
vengeance of the laws, if he had infringrd
theni, this reasonable request was als i to
no purpoae. He theti aUo appealed to
the King' Cotincil arui rrqueUed to be
transported immedialcly to England as
a State prisoner, there to be judged by the
laws und constitution of the Ilealm, but ali
this did not help him.
It was by their multiplied refusala that
hiseaptivity was prolonged to 94S days,
without any resprct whatever for divine
or human laws, and in a province which in
a part f the domains of a nation boasting
of its freedom and ita Government of laws.
( To be eontinued.)
l From tti London ll'eektv True Sun.
Our old meri can recollect
the period when the loyalty of
the great body of imcrican col-
onists was the theme of minis
tenal elonucnce: when the
"discontcnts" in our N. meri
can colonies were attnbuted
by Colonial Governors to the
mstigation of a few "turbulent'
and "ambitious
when overwhelming parliamen-
tary majoritics backed the min
ister in ali his tyranny, confirm
cd the biffot Ring in ali his
)rejudices, and authorized un
ounded wastc of blood and
rcasure. Jlnà yet the history
of thesc things is no more re
garded by our present rulers
han an old almanack. The
sanie melancholy sccnes are a-
jout to he agam enacted in
Canada. America is again to
be made the baule field where-
on human freedom .shall be lost
or won. Lord John Russell
and his colleagucs secm to be
ambitious of treading in the
steps of Lord North, & hither-
o they have been emincntlv
successful, for in every mea-
sure recently taken in renard to
Canada a stnking parallel may
uc lounu in tue Uolomal nolicv
ofthe British 3Iinistry to 1774.
e are now comò to war
with an entire people w hoin our
oovernment lias dcenlv wrono--
ed ; wc have already scnt out
some fifteen or twenty thousand
iuropean troons, wc have for-
warded thirty thousand stand
Of arilis" tO ho, nlnrnfl i'n tl.i
-v. v, v ili LtlV
ìands of that colonial minoritv.
which will side with the imperi
ai authorities; wchave cnlist-
ed on the side of misrule the
savage Indian, whose object is
nunuer, wnose wartare is n-
discriminateslaughtcr; we have
denounced as traitors and fel
oni? tllOSC OUr dosiintìcm
driven to resistance; and wc
are about to carry fire and ra
pine through the once peaceful
mages and scnuestered
arms of a million of our fellow
citizens. We are on the ève
of a contest to be carried on
four thousand miles from our
i t r ....
own rrsources. in Hliich, il our
anilics are victoriOUS, C Miall
i it
olitam nothin l"t ihtMlisraccjer
of havinj retarded civilization
and reduerd a fertile province
to a dcsrrt. In the nieanwlule
we are incurrinz the hazard of
a war with the "United States,
n mkerv that would min half
the ìnànufacturcrs of Great
liritain. It is futile to imapnc
w ith acivil war in Canada hos-
tilitics with the United States
cari Iorio; l,e avoided. Tiie lres
ident and the Conjjress, the
Van IJurens, the Wehsters, &
flirt Clava mnv unite in endea-
vors to maintain peace, hut will
the peonie of Maine and Ver-
mont, ol INew lork and Plichi
can, naticntly sec their neidi
hors and their hrethren ofthe
Canadas, subjectcd to the mili-
tarv ravagfs of a Colbome, or
the" judicial buteheries of a Van
Dieman'sLand Arthur? Com
mon scnsc and past expericnce
teli us they will not. Have
Ministero evcr heard of Texas?
War with the States then
must beregardcd as the proba
ble, if not inevitablc, conse
quenceof Canadian cocrcicn.
How dccply indebted must the
British nation be to Lord John
Russell for bis petulent resolu
tions of jfpril, 18.37, theproxi
mate cause of ali the present
evils. For what are ali these
dangers; why are such expen
ses ; whcrefore are such ruinous
losses to be incurred? Solely
to maintain for the 42ristocracy
the profits misgovcrnment in
Canada atTords.
The Female Association of New Castle
on Tyne have issued 20,000 copies of an
addres3 to iheir country women, from which
wc select the lòllowins; passages:
We have seen that because the hus
band'a earni ngs could not support hisfami
ly, the wil'e has beencompelled to leave her
home neglected and, with her infant chil
dren, work at a soul and body degrading
loil. We have seen thefather dragged from
his home by a ruffian press gang, compelled
to fighi against those that never injured
him, paid only 34s. per month, while he
ought to have had 6; his wife and cini
ci re n left to atarve or subsist on the scanty
fare doled out by hired charity. We have
seen the poor robhed of their inheritance
and a law enacted to treat poverty as a
crime, todeny misery consolation, to take
Irom the unlortunate their freedom, to
drive the poor from their homes and their fa-
tlier land, to separate those whom God has
joined togelher, and tearthe children from
iheir parents' care this law was passed by
men and supported by men, who avow the
doctrine that the poor have no right to live,
ana mai an an wise aiid benencent Creator
has lei t the wants of his children unnro vi
dee! for.
For years we have struggled to maintain
our homes in comfort, such as our hearis
told us should greet our husbands after
their fatiguing labours. Year after year has
passed away, and even now our wibhes
have no prospcct of being realized, our hus
bands are over wrought, our houses half
furnished, our families ili fed, and our child
ren uneducated the fear of want hangs
over our headsj the scorn of the rich is
pointed towards us;the brand of slavery is
on our kindred, and we feel the degradation.
We are a despised castej ouroppessors are
not content with dispising our feelings, but
demand the control of our thoughu and
wants! want's bitter bondage binda us
to their feet, we are oppressed because we
are poor the joys of life, the gladness of
plenty, and the sympathies of nature, are
not for us; thesolace ofourhomea, theen.
dearmenu of our children, and the sympa.
thies of our kindred are denied us and
even in the grave our ashes are laid wilh
We havesearched and found that the
cause of these evils is the government of
the country being in the hands of a few of
upper and middle classes, while the work
ing men who form the millions, the strength
and wealth ofthe country, are left without
the pale ofthe Constiution, their wishesj
never consulted, and iheir intereats sacrifi.
ced by the ruling factions, who have creai
ted useless ofrlces and enormous salaries
for iheir own aggrandisement. I
We teli the wealthy, the high and miph
ty ones of the land, our kindred shall be
Iree. We teli their lord Ij daraea we love
our husbands as well as they love theirs
that our homes shall no lonrer be disiitntp
of comfort, tbat insickness, waot, and old
are we will n-"t be separaled iro-n thero,
; , j Jcr , Ui
timi ìui - " - "
janj hall not be torn fro:n us.
SWANTON, MAY 29, 1839.
Some ofthe States of this Union when
thev wih lo borrow money for their own
use go to England after it, because ihey
can get it there a little lower than in this
Countrv. The eiteets of borrowing so
much foreign capital asisyearly negotiated
for the use ofthe State Governments are
beginning to be seen. felt and depricated
The true interest of each Stale is to hurrow
at home : to owe their own citizen if any
hodv. is the true poticv. In addition tothe
iarge sums yearly borrowed by the severa
States, itis estimated that 130,000,000
of British Capital is invested in American
stocks. British gold begets British agents
in this Country, who must have British
newsiiaiers which ever cry down every
tbing llepublican and extol any thing Mon
arehical. This British capital is concen
trated and directed, not only to advance
In nccnriiarv interests of its owners, but
lo control the nationa! and Siate elections
. .
bv means of its pensioned, corrupt and prof.
fligate press. Besides this Iarge capita
that poisons the public ear and blinds the
Republican'a vision, is the heavy amounts
borrowed by some of the City Ifanks,
which also has its influence to make mon
archy palatable. There are also the re
tainers, hirelings,borrowers and underlitigs
of those Banks who Buffer themselves to
be used by this powerful engine, either
through interest or fear. These, with
those commercial men who would willingly
sacrifice the lives of iheir fellow citizens to
add dollars and cents to their wealth, go
band in hand with the tories of Canada in
justifying the desolation by fire and 6word
of her blood stained eoil the land of Chk-
hier, Pkrradlt and DeLorimier.
We warn the American people to guard
against thia Trojan horse this politicai
engine, when its innuence is Drougrii t()
bear upon a single object it seldom fails in
accomplishing the aim of those who man
age the machinery, unet the people
penetrate their design. It is this influence
that Controls a portion ofthe public press
of the U. S. at the present time; and that
gives that presssuch an anti-national tone ;
thatmakes them the apologista of despot
ism tipon our borderà; thal justifies the
cruelties practised upon the Canadians ;
and that causes our conntrv to mourn her
flag stained with the blood of our citizena
atul its being held now in triumph at To
ronto. Itis the same influence thal seeks
to quarrel with France, to divert public
attention from the wrongs visited upon our
country by proud, haughty and insolen
England. It is this influence that causes
the American tories to cry down the poor
Patriota who have lost their ali in behalf
of their country's Liberty. Curse the to.
ries. we love them not.
, GAN & WEST !!!
(tC5"Ar the people of Vermont new convineed
of. the faci that this is a British eonspiracy,
and that certain American ofticerg have become
parliei to it 1 In addition to the itrange disclo
urt which have been already made in tbis busi
ness, the public may look for a doxology, as soon
as the necessary data can be obtained. We interi d
to make no statemems but such as can be support
ed by affidavit!.
The following letter from Windsor confirms us
ia the belief thal the late buzzing in the bureau
cratic hive at Burlington, was created by the
gingie of GOLDEN SOVEREIGNS. Àlthough
this idea may be humiliating to every American,
yet if he Uves his country he is baund to investi
gate the subset, and, (if h be not too late,) to
averi the wreck ofthe ark of Liberty.
A Mr. Bowdish's lettsr is not raarked 'Privai?
we have ventured to publish it. But ifhe has any
fears of being proscribed by ibe tory Dynasty, we
nhall give him space in our colurnns to recali it
ifhe pleases.
Windsor, May 22J, 1839.
I promised to drop you a line as soon as I ar
rived in Windsor, but bave delayed uniti this tima
for tbe purpose of ascertaining th destiny of Cen.
West & J. W. Grogan. The Court opened on
the 21st inst. After the Grand Jury were sworn,
a short but lucid charge was pronounced by the
Judge and Ihey retired. I wa, gld tjiat the time
had arrìved when the prisoner could be released
from tbe damp and sickening ut of tba Jail, and
from the grasp of marihal and miifarj.aad
in the hanHs and at tho disposai of an untrammtì.
Itti jury of Vermont. I was thankful tht tiì,
timo had arrìved, when an uiibissed and imptrt,;
jury of FKEEMEN, could have aaotl.tr opport.
aity of teaching the British a lson ; and i!M f
rebuking some of ur own officers, who hit ilt.
grartd themselves, and their country, bv Wam-
inglhe villing and voluntary instrumsit of af.
prrsnion and cruelty in the hands of th Bnt,
Cover ment.
One 'clock P. M. 7Tie Grand Jury haj,;W
returned from the Court House and I ara informai
by a man who knov$, thal the compiami ri X,n
has becn returned to the Court and no bill found;
and I have good reason to believe that Cropn,',
case will follow in the footsteps of tts " iWrinw
predfctitor.,t jfTiis is just as I eipceted ; jt u
evory unbought and honext man eipected. Tu
enlightcncd members of tho Grand Jury procttd I
calmly and coolly to the investigation, they wci I
the whole mattcr in the scale of juitici; an! i, t
long ai this i the case, the friemls of humtm, t
and palriotism will not sufTor. Thnre ha Urn
considorable excitement here in consequonr ,f .
the admission of testimony from Canada. M((l
Clark of Caldwells Manor, it is said, has pcrjiirtj
hinistlf ; and there has been sorious talk amoij
ili e Grand Jury offìndinga bill against him. 1
really hnpe they will, ifhe isguilty; and from wl,
I can learn there is but rery little doulit upon tlm
subject. It would be a fine affair indsed, if U
could be scnt to our Stato Prisoti, to manufieturi
rifles for the use of the Canadians. If tlm i, if,, -;
caso, and the wretch receive his juit deiert, I
apprehend Her Majesty'a border subjdcts will be ,
careful in future how they rolunteer their servitn ,
to swear away the liherties of American citittm
The number of witnesses from that sink of enrrap. f
tion, is eight or nine. Their eipenses to WinJw,
were paid by Capt. Browne ofthe Montreal Polle
t took particular pnins lo ascerlain this faci b
enquiring of Innkeepcrs and Staeo Agenti. Tln ì
next business before the Grand Jury is respectir !
the resene of Grogan from Jail. Since I left hont,
and while I was at Burlington, I Icarncd thsi
was one among the number charged with that of
fence. And I also learn that government officcn
have been tampering aad pandering with witnti
ses respecting my caso. One witncn wn to! 1
while on board the Steamboat passing from Pls't. '
burgh to Burlington, that he was seen on the hi. ,
and convsrsing with me, and that was probihlr
why he was subpeened. He was also tolJ at Ù,t
same lime, "'that it was almost ennupli to coi- 'v
vict a man to be se-n ia my company!!"' T- t
man wno maue tnts expression nves at iiighivt j
Falls, and is very near, if not totally overshaJowfJ
by a certain Iarge bride house in that vicinity, thi '
occupant of which, always inoriti with ooi. The ,
two first lettera of the man' name who talked with t
the witness is It. L. Paddock. Another min in
Burlington was caught al tho same dirty work, imi
was heard by two individuala to teli a witneti tlm
he was " seen conversing with rae, and thit ifl
had my just deserte for what I had done for ili
patrioti since he had known me, ' and for whu
I had done in this Concern, I should have been,
State Priion long ago. And this was the urial
rtdoubtable Heman Lowry of Burlington.
Now friend Thomas, what do you think ikouH f
you under such circumstancos have committed sui- j
cide 1 But one thing prevented me from that v
lui act. it was ttie remarle made by a man aii
having been kicked by a Jack As, and upon m
nature reflVction I have eoncluded to take u;i wub
his consolation and " considcr where it camt
The mail is aboni to leave for the North, and!
have no time to write more. When I return voi
shall be furnished with a regular history ef ali i! -faets,
just as they transpire from day lo day.
Youra in great haste,
P. S. My case I am informed is now up ;
fore the jury. One ofthe witnesses who hai jut ì
testified, tells me that the District Attorni ir '
pears detcrmined to indict the whole Norti
Friend Vail is also tak en info eonsideration belo" ,
th Grand Jury for distressing the Quccn ! Morti
toon. :
Noti bt the Editor. We could notr1
commend Mr. B. to eommit suicide, for thatm
vulgar. way of disposing ,of one's self, and lo'(
too much like aping the die-natty. (dynasty.)
Extract of a commuication from a br?-
ther Relugee, dated,
Plattsburgh, May 20, 1839.
I am one of the many, who have bJ ,
compelled to take reluge in this boastri
and of liberty; I have been received w-'
open arms and treated with hospital
many, but regret to add there are thw
among these " Republicans" who b"1'.
joined heart and hand- with the acctir-.
British tyrants to aid in oppressing a j--j
ile already oppressed beyond human t'-ì
durance. I could relate seenea of sufferini
and cruelty which would cause the so';
ot every patriot to spring from its scabb"
to revenge the wrongs of my oppressa-,
countrymen, but would fail to excite
athy in the breasts ol those Americi-'.
whose best feelings have become seared t.'
British gold and a generous portion ol li
appropnation which the American tv
have granted to assist these demons in tff;
hellish work lest they shoald offend H';
most Christian Majesty the little twad! -.;
raaiden Queen Victoria. Yeal Ecg'

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