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X O UT II A M K R I C A
tnaw bh?iij fr Ut, are noi w Imt M i rT' ,A ' " ,r',, ! o ihr.f not wred obbauon, m b.rc rrgffrJ in anv plot r-r fHtibit.H.on ,rit ih- iotrfnl'il rifar of a run lr .n wb.ch they bave re .ixrJ a.! the hr'ocf.u & b'-cngmof ,ta flr irt.liir-. of whkh tbey bave cbown to ara i tbern- JOHN NOUVF.LL, IVfm. Jo, Noato, Jf. Sttrtlary l'AXADA. rra.!c the f allai! f r dnvirg out one party !hrulirsf in anothcr ; but whoever f tfrcta t i r lrat itnr-Tovrrr.ett in ih rondi- ton of Mita court , from ucr rxr.mnion al lumf, Las profitti Ule by the hiilory eipcncnce of il.e !al tweiity year. URITIM1 CANADA FORCE IN Kk.imk M. Ir I), H f.lh.f,. (I. C Joufl. WHAT IS TO BECO. ME OF THE CANAPAS NV hJ entertaìnrd a fainl hope that Ihe Hrpoft f I'fJ Durhom wotU br the ntean of ritortine nomethmg ff the pmwnl Mirmlfv, lavoracelo the pesce and uanqaihly of this country ; bui that hi been neariy extinguished tv the arrivai tr the Liverpool, brinffJt; the inte.ngencc whkrh we bave given in anoiher piare, and which is of auch nature as t set ève n eonjuncture al dcfiance, relaure lo the fu ture government of the Canada. e, tbrrrfore, wait, with aome deeree f anx iety, far the arrivai of the Bulish Queen ; bui not wilh the cxpeclation, thal any meaaurea wiil tc brought lorward or acted upon, caìculated to iranquilize the coun try. "What ia lo become or the Canadas, hnwever, is o,uelion ; if wc are to judge of the future from pasta events il Ixxles little comfort to these distracied province which eem to be d.wmed to an undying (.tate ni internai discord and heart-burnings, and prrsrnling, to ali appearance, a hopelcss case of irremediable and unnutigated wretchedneas. Sudi is our siluation noiv; udì it for years has been ; and auch, we believe, it wiil continue to bo, a lonjj ns the Cana.las remain drpendencif s oi the IJritih Empire. AHourlond lm)es--nll our brigiit anticipatilo of !"- future ali the prospettive liappinebs that our imagi nation have painted, for our adopied country, bave ali centered upon a connex. ion with Knsjland a connexion of recip rocal interest and mutuai atlachment, in terwoven nnd conimintjifd as nothinir but the lowiifall ol the United Kingdom abould be Bble to cut asunder. Now we askevery honest tbinking man, of whatever party Are we to bave such a connexion ? If not, whose fault wiil it l ? We answer Not of the people ; iheir lovallv and atlachment to their laih- .tUml i tfHi well established lo admit of auch a supposilion. Il is the fault of a tivstem which wiil one day, if not aban- doned, shake the power of England lo the centre a system founded, upheld and car isi Dragoon 7ih lluvsr, Cd Idi Krct. f tlie hne, j llth Jlrgt. of the line, IDth do M do 24lh do Sliì do iMth do S6th do 43d do C3th do f.Clh do 7lst do 73J do S3d do 85th do 93d do C2S 890 12,034 USO 1 lìegiment of Artillery, nctual atrenglh, offìcvra anìl ali, j C00 An Ordinancecorps, do. btiO Conimishariat departmentdo. 100 Otììcers on parlicular service, about 100 General ollicers and their stali', about 100 c ? a f 3 ? IH S!y 48:: 21 Sj 4ìC 32 43 t00 31 4j 800 S2 43 1.00 Sì ÌJ W 85 45 00(1 32 45 600 32 43 C00 32 43 CO0 32 45 600 3-2 45 600 S'2 43 C00 32 43 600 32 43 C00 Si 45 eoo Sì 45 eoo 32 45 600 32 45 C00 'Wallace: and aAer replico i" Scotch succeetled in sbakm? on tne.r irn iih shacV!cs and so roay the Canad;ans. lriiton Ttl. n Tbines are qui!" peareablein Can ada ! A Lower Canada, paper savs, under :te of Sherbrooke, Juiy 6th, " Mr. eorge rouka, of Aoi, was arrested on Saiurdar last, nt Inoxville, on a charme of Hieh'Trraaon, ! i now contiti.! in our jail. The arresi ivas ma,!e by .Major usiin, in bis caparitv as magistrate. Un heanne ibis some of the respoclabie re fugee wbo bad returreil into the province, t(M-k themselves olf to the other bidè o( 45!" This look hke peace uith a trAnr io il Wbile Creai Uritain holds Mihtary swav in Canada, there can be no such thir? a yeace. People niay cry peacr but ti.ere is no jwace to bc foond except the nlains of Waterloo and al Quatre lira, on the I9th of Junc, 1S15. l,rirtlon lei The Montreal Herald says : A clercy- man from lb"ston preached in one of the hurches at Montreal last fcunuay. ine T tf 11 . t ( Kermon, says me iieraiu, vn wn i .inrili of Julvoration. and so enraeed me hearers that many of ihem loft thechurch. Express. ried on bv'injustice ! Not by the bi?h minded, pòwerful and tnajrnanimous Urit ish people, but by truckling tirae-servinir, office-grasping placesmen, wilhoat respect of party, whose ambition ii jwwer, and whnse idol is self ! Kxpericnce shouIJ long since bave taught the people of Uper Canada, that ibev have notbin? to expect from politicai chance al homes. Whiga out of oliìcc, are Tories in. a far as the mis tjovern nient of the colonica is concerne! ; for neither the pne or the other care a fi? more for the interests and prospenty of the in babitants, than thev do lor the wild beasts that roani our foresta, and which would rrecive just as much consideration, provi led that, likc Ireland, Jamaica, or the fìnnadas. thev could be made subservient io the promotion of their own aelfish pur noses. This is the becinnin?, middle and end of the whoìe colonial policy of the British Government, whetber Wbig or Tory ; and either of thent would make the "Sovereiff n Bay. tbal the " Canadas must neither be lost or given away," and that the whole strength ol the Empire hould le put fonh in protecting thein,' if their places deended o it not other wise. There never bas been, and we be lieve, never wiil be, a Cabinet in Enjland but what would sacrifice a .'o'eiirn depen- dance to retain their places, or that wouui not expend the Usi drop of British blood and treasure to protect" or slaughler them. for the sanie purnose. So went the United State, and so wiil go Canada, and every other colonv, whenever circumstan ces shall render it expedient for the attain- ment of auch an obiect. If the present Minisiry possessed the least regard for the feelings and prosperity of the jieopleof this country, is it to be sup posed for a moment, that thev would Buf fer an officiai compact in this colony, not only to place themselves tn opposiiion io the interests of the province, and the wish es of the inhabUanu, but to openly set Downing Street instructions al defìance, and by means cf a prostituted press, to vibfy ànJ calumniate the very power from which tbey derive their politicai existenae? There is no accouating for this, upon any otber ground than a tota! disregard for ihe internai management ofa(Tairs in the Cari adas ; and just so lonij a their poition is not weakeued, or their places cndangered by it, just o long wiil this country be sub jectej to the sanie ruìnous ar.d iniquitous system, which, through a 6eries of year, ha resnUeJ in tha complete prostraiioa ol this otherwise delightfu! joriioa of North America. A chance of Ministeri, wheth er from Tory to Whig; or Whig to Tory, brings no change of men or tieasures for Canada. It may indeed, on the present rasion, hke ìre'and anJ Jamaica, be Total, 14,97i2 The nbove table exbihils the strength of the nrmrv emidoved by dreat Lntain to enslave the people of the Canadas. It has een rnade out upon the rnost certain In formation, and may be relied upon ns showing the strength ol the Dritish Ilegu- lar Forre in the Canadas at this lime. 15y the IJritish Army retrulation it is provided that the regiment of the line shall consisl of 750 rank anl file. J he ofiicers and ser- peants ore an addiiion to this number. Of each recinient there are detained at the depots which are always in some part of the United Kingdom a numocroi oilicers, with about 1 50 of the rank nnd file of the regiment, allowing tne actuai sirengin ol each regiment for foreign service, C00 rank and file which is the average strength of ihe reeiments in the Canadas. The mòsi of these British trooits now in the Canadas, we have seen : and for equipment, and cfliciency, both in officerà and men, we believe we are correct in say- ing tbey are equal, il not superior to the troops of any nation in the world. We bave seen them exhibiting " ali the pomp and circutnstance ol war," and tnoving wilh " the pride and perfeetness of disci nline." and we have been onpressed with a feeling of humiliation when we reflected what discipline can do towarda the forma- non ol an arniv. w e say humiliation, be cause the well organized bandsol a despot, (like thesc troops in ttie Canndas,) can bv skiIIuI dispositions and unity ot etlort, al ways deleat iiumbers vasily superior, ol men, animated by the purest patriotism that ever warmed or ennobled the heart, but unassisted by a practical acquaintance wilh war. Lemslon rei. CANADIAN STRUGGILE. The tooncr the ballle isfought anduon ihe better, and let the world sec wbether Ilriiish constitutional principìes are to tri umph in Canada, or whether the people wiil tamelyubmit lo be tyrannized over by officiai hacks and their hired bulues. ot Catherine, (U. C.) Journal. ' The sooner the battle is lought and won, the betier" there is no doubt Neither peace, rcpose, nor prosperity can be honed for in tbe Canadas while the Provir.ccs are under liriaish domination The parasites of present tiower, wiil hoUi on to their olììces and sinecures with such tcnacity.nothing shall sever their hold but that iustrumcnt with which Alexander cut the sordianknot the word. Nothingbut violent mean3 wiil nut an end lo iheir trampling upon the righis of the people We know that G reat Dritain now holds Uie soil of the Canadas with a glittering and panoplied bost but we bave good au thoritv for savinc " 1 he race is not to ihe swift nor the battle to the strong British soldiers have been defeaied America, and may he ngain. The well organized corpsoi" Great Dritain weremet at Saratoga, bv the undiscipluied jeasan trv of America, and conquered. And whv may not the peasantry of Canada lo mneh ì The host ol Sennacherib prevail ed not arainst JuJah ; ani! the airnost counlless numbers.led inlo Greece bv th despot of Persia were routed on the plains of Maralhon. It may be said bv some that the Canadians are in no way like the eallant and brave people before wbom Xerxe fied. But we answer, thev1 are in every respect as brave and gallant as the Grecks wbo contendetl for liberty in lS'25-6 and as much entitied io sympa thy and assistance. The condilion ol the Canadas is a slriking para'lel to that of Scot'and al tbe time ol the execution of Trairt Tbe Correspoent of tbe 1in.lon Timrs writes from Constantinoide un.ìer date of Ifth July. A scene occurred yesterday at the AJ miraUv which has produced modi sensa tlon among the Frank populat.on, the Chiefof tbe Navy Board (Moustapha Bey) baving, during an intrview with ibe'SultanV ship builder (Mr. UhIe,) ,)Sed abusive language, which the feri in ofan American coi'ld tiot put tip the lalter raised bis pipe and bmke ,t on the insolent Ottomani hea.J. i ne cir- cutnstancea of the case baving m-en io a before tbe Sultan, every one is anxiousiy awaiting bis verdict. Trns.-The dau-s from Houston are t it. Htb inst. The rumoreil arrivai ni fmr tliousand Mexican troops in thevicin ny of Malamoras produced )W excite mcrit among the peopie of Texas, wbo were preparing to meet them and give a ood account of them. A considerale detachment oftbe lexian troops had marched tovvards the northern frontier to reptd an invasion which the savaces threatened in that quarler. This cotemporaneou8 movement oi tne n,liriK and Mexicans indicates some kind of combination and concert between them. foi:i:h-a. Canada. In The House of Commons, on the 5th, Sir u . Moi.esworth gave notice that on 1 hursday, (1 Itli) on the louse going into Committee on the Cana da Government Bill, he should move, ' That every consideration of humanity, justice, and policy, demanda that Parlia- ment should seriously appiy ìisen wunout delay to legislate for the permanent Gov- ernment ol hcr JUHjestys rrovincu oi oj)- per and Lower Canada." In the House ol common, on me ani, the Chancellor ol'the Lxchequer brought forward the annual budget. 1 bere has been a slight excess in the actual receipts of the year, as compared with theChan cellor's estimate, represented bv thedifl'er enee between 47,271,000, and 47,S33,' 000. But a3 a set-oli against this, the actual sum exceeded the estimated expenditure bv the difTerence beween 47,477,000, nnd 43.203.000. The actual inrome lor the vear has, therefore, been 47,833,000, the actual expenditure 48,263,000, show ing an excess of expenditure over income, amounting to 430,000, which Mr. Rice says, is over and above 1,000,000, for expenses in Canada, not included in the accounts. The Chartists. The disturbances at Birmingham continue, but the Chartists lave not attempied to make head against the regular troops nor bave any hves been lost in the various affrays with the police. Mr. Love, the Secretary and Dr. Taylor, nnd Mr. Harvey, two of the niost revolutionary members ol the convention have been arrested and are now in War wick jail. There is no doubt that as now onranized, the Chartist movements may be very easily suppressed ; but should JVlr Atwood, as some parties appear to antici paté, attach biniseli' to that party, the tide of nopulation which would lollow such leader would probably trample under looi both the ponce and the troops. there is however, no real reason forsupposmg that Atwood would hastily take the final step in a revolutionary cause : though once Jriren into opposition to the governnient this man bas the power, unnuestionably to be the author ol the mightiest of events in as Poor House in England. From the Northern Star, a paper published by ter gus O'Connor : " ÌVarminsler Bastile. A little boy last week, for some small oflence, was con fined in the cells belonging lo the above workhouse, and was literallv starved lo death. Tbe poor little fello w actuallyeat in consequence of hunger, two of bis fin gers and the fiesh from his arm." Contrast the above with the following " Parliament bas voted $300,000 for tbe erection ol stables at Windsor Palace. It was moved to reduce the sum to $200,000 but the moiion was lost. The reason of fered for askins for so large an appropria tion, was, that Her Majesty was lond of frequent exercise on horseback ! Jlorn ing Post. - r rt t -v eri i mport a st. ine wueen con tinues ber equeslrian exercises almost daily in which she is always attended by Miss Quentin, the daughter of Sir George tuentin. I his younj lady, though bold mg no ;eciiic apiKiinimeni in me roya household, might very properly be styled prjuestrian lady in waiting, asit isbercìuty to prepare and tram ine norses oestined for ber Majesty 's own use, assist her Ma jesty in mountin? and dismonnling ; in short, to perforili ali the vetits soins U3ua!!y jvrfirmed by atlendant cavaliers or maid rns of leser degree. Miss Quenlin is a first rate horseworaan, and has trained fìve horses for the use of the Queen. She rides from Kew every morning, to attend her Majesty. Montreal Her. PatSEKTATIO.NS AT THE BkITISH Cocet. Gully, tbe prize fighter, Daniel Webster, the orator, and Robert Owen thefree thìnker, have ali been presented at Court. Ib. ftOICTII AIKKK : NTÓN, AUGUST 7, 1839. The Canada Government Bill was read second time, July 5. Some discussion look place on the subjecl, but no actual opposiiion was offered. The bistory of Canada wiil be suspend- ed lor 3 or 4 weeks, until we can procure the following documenta, Schuyler or Montgoniery's manifi-sto to the Canndians from Isie aux Noix, Sept. 1775. Capitulation of Chanibly, St. Johns and Montreal. Washington's man ifesto to the Canndians brought to Canada by Arnold in Nov., 1775. Washington officiai lettera. Nile's bistory of the American revolution. Gordon's ditto. Washington's life by Spnrke. Lafayette's tters to John Jay. Sparke's diplomatic correspondence voi. X. If any perso n has any of thesc works, he would confer a great favor by giving us the loon of them. Thev may be certain that we shall take good care of them and return them salely and free of expense to the owner. LASTDAYS OF CIIEVAL1ER DE LORI- MIEU. We ore indebted to ihe kindness and politeness of Chamilly De Lorimier of Dubuque, Iowa Territory, l'or the follow ing documents from his martyrcd brother Chevalier De Lorimier who was hutehered at Montreal in February last by the sav ane Colborne. I tlon tnysrlf to make an appeal to jhcligioos sentimenti which ought to m. Vonr Kxcellency ;n your decisine. Sverai rich families baving trusted nie vii their niost important interem, I ntve to rm an rxact and strici account of the aflirr wbicb bave been put under my care aiulso of the fortune which bclong 0 tbe families, and which tbey have put int my band. Ifthi tt-riibie moment I reel that senoui r-Minsibility is resting oh me ; a widowe.! ni ber and ber innocent young cbildren, baca righi to ex j-ct from me, that l up nnd ueal many paper, so that they my enjoy a considerale entate, which h ili Irnit of the Ione toit and rcom rny oh laisbantl nnd a lather. This ronvic" tii imj)ose upon me the diity ol exposine tovonr Kxcellency that in my professional ca'aciiv ol a notarv, I bave proceedtd tu tip inventory arni sale of the persona! ppperty belonging to the estate ol the late Aulrew Vincent, fornierly a addler, re&i djig in the St. Joseph suburbs of the city ol Montreal. Tbe greater part of tbe eunis ol money proceeding Imm this tale are yet jt the banda of tbe ptircbatsers. I alone, lm the confìdence which bas been )!oceil il my profession, bave the knowledg of ihose tmiiHactions upon which depend ihe fortune or the ruin of this family. At the time I was arrested, these atTairs were far from being setlled. Silice my imprisna nient, the impossibility of correspomling has totally precli;ded tiie possibility of stu tling them. Tbe greater part of the 8 pers relaling to this estale are at Pluiu burgh, iti the United States. The ver;,' short delay between my officiai senteiice, which was signifìed to me al three o'rlutk yesterday afternoon, and the day fixed up on for execution, makes me dewpair ol gee ing those papeis bere before Friday tirxt. A trusty man, my brother Chailes Di Lor irnier, isnlrendy gorie for those pajiers, im i also to bring two nf my children who ai at that place. He wiil make ali the Iiumic ossible, bui I lear he wiil not be bere in due lime. From the rensnns I bave given above, l would soiicit Croni your Kxcellency a hìs nension of my execution, nnd to gratinile a delay of a few ilays. It is not a pardon that I ani seeking or begt'ing from your Kxcellency ; in the present circumstance ol my country, I would net seek sudi a pardon ; it is only a respite. ThesnniOe ol my lite is made, my peace is made with my creator, 1 am ready io appear helore my God. This is the only thoueht that yet troubles my minti. May your F.xn !. lency deien to respite my execution t" o ny other day which voti may picare i apjioint. so ti i a t I mny be ahle lo nenie those allairs, and then I sciali lie witli ine conviciion ol'enjoying a betier life in an other woild, wbeie tyranny is not known. I flatter mysell that your iL.xcelIeiiry wi.s not be deal' to this prayer, dictated by my conscience, and that voti wiil grani tue this favor, lor which I shall ever ray. I have the honor to be, With due record, Your Kxcellencv's hnmble serv'i. Cmevamer I)k Lo ri mi eiì. Montreal Jail, Feb. 13, 18JD. Mr. De Lorimier's letter to ons of bis friends, Dated Montreal Jail, February 12ih, 1839,-7 o'clock p.m Mr Df.ar Friend, It ia my duty to wrile you a word, a last word before dV- ing; this is the only mark of my gratitud . i .1 . inai i can give you. il is, 1 own, payintr in a very imperlect manner the great ser- vicea that you have rendered me but I can noi no it in a manner more ilatterinir to yoursentiments and more congenial to my feeling. Ihave no more hope in this world : ali is lost for me. The services of my friends, their eflorts have nll provcd fruitless to save me from the cold grasnof death which very soon wiil put an end to my Bufferings. ì do not however feel lesa gratelul, nor the !ess obliged towards them and in particular towards you, my dear friend. I cannot write a long letter. I must now prepare to meet my supreme judge. Keep, dear friend, the remembrance of a man who very soon shall cease to live br the sake of a cause that you snpport and cherish. The only regret I feel, ia to see my Countrymen in slavery and my family reduced to poverty, in consequence of my continued sacrifices and misfortunes. If I could see my country and my family happy, how contented xvould I die. I ani always, as when I had the pleasure of see ing you, caini and finn. Adien for ever, adieu, CHEVALIER, De LORIMIER. N. B. As I have but little lime. 1 wisb you to give my last farewell to ali my friends. c. D. L. Mr. De Lorimier's pelition to :he bloody Colborne asking bini for a reprieve of a I few days on account of some profession al business which he wishe.l io cetile before dying which petition was disre- garded by the Govtfnor. To His Excellency Sir John Colborne Knight of the Mosi Honorable Miliiarv V t 11 w . uraer oi tne iiath, Governor General ol Upper and Lower Canada, kc. kc. M at it Pleaic tour Excellesct. On the ève offinishinc mv mnrulr. j reer and before appearing in the prcsence 1 of my God the sovereign judge of ali men Mrs. De Lorimier's pelition in belia'l'of ber (infortunate husband, but which peli tion II Is Excellency never deigned to an swer. To His Excellency Sir John Colborne, Knight oftbe M'ost Honorable Military Order of the Balli,' &x. Sic, Governor General oftbe Provinces of Upper unti Lower Canada, Le, Le. The h unitile pelition of Hekriette Ca di ei'X humbly sheweth That she is the wile of Chevalier Df Lorimier, who is to suffer to-morrow, the penalty of death pronounced against liin i that il is but a few years ihal tbey have been united by the matrimoniai bandsjthat she is ihe niotber of three Binali children, yet of tender age, who are the olTsurings of ber uiarriage with her unfortunale hus band, the t'Idea t of wbom is only lour years of age. That your petilioner for her supportami that of ber children detiended enlirely upon the profila that ber husband derived ff1?1 his profession as a notary; and that it ' with anxiety and terrible dread that fcl'e sees near at band the fatai day when &'e is to be left a widow, deslitute. of the mea: of support. That it is not the intention of vour - titioner to enler into a minute detail of bef husband'a virtues, and ol the services t! 8' his family baa rendered for a consideri" time to the British Government ; that yf ! ' petilioner addresscs herself to your lency, as a wife and a niotber. wh" ' ' i short time, is to be deprived of a Iri'-iiù, ;! learest to her that ibis world alfonis. Although it appeara to vour pitit',,r'' that ber husband'a late is irrevocably ('3 ed, neverlheless, trusting in the kindf-' and good feeling of your Lxcel.'i'c.'(-, heart, she has not lost ali hopes, and t ' has believed that ift.be lile ol her hunba could he spared, ber prayer would no' u' without eflect. : Therefore your petilioner takes ad ; tage of the little time her husband b! 1 live, to beg of your Excellency to orf that bis life shall be spared ; and if l Excellency be pleased to spare the li'e ' i the husbanJ of your petitioner, both I them shall feci grateful towards yo'i wiil never cease to pray for your Exce-'c cy'8 happiness and that of your family- Hepriette Cadiedx De Lori1 Montreal 14th Feb., 1939.