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w f ,l .x VOL. 1, Cnnnilinii ICìsIiIm and Cmindi.ni Intlrpcndenre. NO. 20 . pubushed iy li. j. tiiomas. SW ANTON, VT. AtJGUST 21, ' 1839. j edited ut caNAdiaxs& americana t tin: noktii a.mi:iih'an IS prill.lMIKD EVOY WEDNKSDAY.f Yricc 1 50 jcr an. in adrance, or 92 00 f the end of the ycar, and in likc pruportionforfur thrr dclay of payment. IH CALVET'S M KM Olii. Trantlatrd fot the .VorlA Amrriran (cosctcnto.ì (Extracl of Mr. I)u Calvei's Setter to the XTinaJijn. u ilie rmuHifcvinent of the last trou-liU-k, rcjort carne su ldeuly that the American General had detach-d a hk!y of 200 men lo give assistance lo Fort Cedars, which was attacked by our mìlilia. Our olTims who were near, fomiti they had at Inni bui 80 Canadian. They cnllected in hane CO Savages, anJ noiwilhtttanding the iriequaìi ty sa visihie, they aitar ked the ruemy and overthrew ihem al ihe first outset; wilh (SO viclorious men which re Va'ned, they look 190 prisoners with their roniiftftnder al their head; al ibis vie tory Fort Cetlars Cell. This was the mosl hai tiani action which li ad illuslrated ihc arma ,of the King in ihi country; bl il cot tlear io one f our brave Canadian geni le men, (Mr. De Mìntigny,) who, villi bis iiw n hand, bad made prbiouer ol'one oflhe principal officerà oftbe enemy; et tbeir de parturethe Americana burned and pillaged property. Tbese iosses he modestly rxpnsed lo the poverntrtent, ibe officerà of which answered " ibis is the fortune of war wliirh is displayed in a aimìlar man ner in the English Colonie of America, ihat it was eqnally just lo indemnify tbese Olonies," which amounted to an adrnis ni m uf nationa! inability lo indemnify. Tbis fase however m neitber similar in circum lance, nor nnalogoua in consequences. At ihe invnsion or the Colony, an Amer ican Pmclatnation bad been issued guaran tering to those Canadiana who 6hould re- main tranquil, the peaceful enjoyment of their heritoge. A Iloyal Proclamation was Usued to force the pcople from tbis reutrality. la it to iheglory of ihe 6"ver eign to deceive bis subjects by the sophis Iryol word, through his representatlve? il so ihen these word oughl no more to herfspected and oheyed. The affirmative would nt bt? ptdicy for those who labor forthe safety of the Empire. The conse quencea here would be terrible. Al the first invasin the Canadians would be forc ced to bury themselves in the inaclion f neutrality. Would ihey face the ra vajes of a war in favour of a overein who had declared in advance that they eould expect no reparation for their Irnsses or cumpensation for tbeir serviees Trom him. -, I conrlnde, eentlemen, by the public fstnnony of one of the notile Lorda of Eng1and,(Lnrd Sheffield) who in a loarn "J anJ patriotic hook, has put ibe Lasl seal i') the confirmation of your bopes and yoor ri?bts. The wisc policy of the legislature" Baid he " ought'not to waver moment to gratily the Canadians with forni of Government suited lo their wish- anJ demand, because the best means that England can adopt for the preserva tirn of that country, h lo promise content rafnt and salisfaction, and to place ibis contentment on fimi foundation. We shoakl adopt a system lo make Jhem more tf)nu-nìed, more bappy, and. boiler; ihan American Colonici oh;r!. i . - ' V. im UfIUUUU can promise orofler them." AH this ii pullicly declare.f. Vour liber ty ' then in your hands. . The only thine feraaining for you now, is to demand that l'irty in a proper manner. A jeopte an mated by such good aDd tueh magnani ua ientimenu as your, could noi eboose " preference toc: vii emancipation ihe in- 'my of alavery f..r themselves and poater ity. ' ' . U wou'4 be ib heìcbl of glory for me ,r be ab!e to daini omejjart in thia happy o!uiioo, which is now the subject of m v fefi-ctbns and labours. Al feasl I can wureyou thai xthea il shall be accom- .ed, your national prosperity uf- , ( me for ali my jeroncl sof- fering. I rannnt conclude bv entimema more worihy of you, and a your cnmpat riot, Idare to siy more worthy ofmyself. I bave the bonor to le with the mosl perfecl teect, Gentlemen Vour tery bumble and Obcdient pervant, PIEHUE DUCALVET. At last Mr. Du Calvet liad the promise from the Colonial Secretar at London that Governor Haldimand should be.recal led, and that be (Mr. Du Calvrt) would hnve the opportunity of substantiating; h!a charges nijainst bim. After tbis solenni pledge, Mr. Du Calvet in the Spring of 1785 crossed the Atlantic, and carne to Canada tocollfct his prools against Gen. Haldimand. The Governor was really re-calleti to answer several accusatioris brought against bim. The Governor left of course in a frirate;--Mr. Du Calvet, faiibful to lii 8 protnise to the Colonial Se- cretary, ieft about the same lime, with bis only son; in a tnerchant-ship. He bad collected ali the necessary proofs against thè Governor. Tbis is ibe last thai was ever beard of bini. Vague rumoura were spread abroad thatdurinj the voyage, be was laken with bis son, put into a bag and thrown overboard. The aecusalion of Ibis horrible murder vvaa brought against Gen. Ilalilimand, but he was protcted, by the mimsters, and left for Switzerland, bis na tive country. Such was the end oftbe poor unfortunate and honest Pierre Du Calvet. Ed. Note. JOURNAL OF A POLITICAL PRISOKER. Translated for the Norih American. ; (COWIIKOED.) On the morning of the 12th, we left St. Jobns by the rail-road for Laprairie. We were tied two by, two, and our guards were seated-ì-on .eilher siile,,. iq the, cara. I We look the steam-boat ai Laprairie and it was not long befofe we were at Mon treal. No one was allòwed to speak to us on board. We were no doubt expected thertr, for an immense crowd was assembled on ihe wharves. Tbis rabbie aniong which were Dr. Arnoldi, Sen. and severa! other violent tories, taking a verv active pari, was exclusively composed of loyalists; in those days of public calamity no radicai dared to show his face in the streets of Montreal. We owe a great deal to the mililary guard which accompanied us, they protected us against thia loyal ra&6e,whose threats drowned themselves in loud and boisterons vociferations. The valianl Dr. Arnoldi who is a magistrate, was one of the most noisy. We were first taken to the old jail, from whence we were escorted to the new jail by a bodyof volunteer cav alry and infantry. Tbis march looked more like a triumplt ihan anyahing else in the eyes of Sir John Colborne ; we cerlainly were nit the most brilliant pari of the procession, for we were handeufled, our cloibes torn,our faces were emaciated from the tfoets of buriger and ali kinds of pri vation which we li ad endured ; nor bad we shaved for weeks past. Nevértheless, in spite of ali thése thins, so powerful is the incentive of a good cause that far from being ashamed of the state in which we appeared then, we fe't proud and honored; it seenied to us that we were the conque rors. I do not know if il was fancy with me, but our conductors seemed touieasif they were Iroubled with guiliy coosciencea. Indeed both parties mighl bave been righ l. Had we not, fought in delence of our rigbls and wiib the iatention of getling rid of the galìing yoke under which our coun try was suflering so mudi? Were we not the champions of liberty ? Were not tbese volonleers, on the contrary, working wiib al! their might to rivel Brilish ebains on the Canadas? Were they noi ibe suppor terà of tyranny? I have perbaps dwelt too long on the hislory of our suflering, frora the moment we were laken prisoners lo ihe day we en tered the dweiling prepared for ua by Miss Victoria Guelph's rainions. Indeed we are not those who bave been the most illtreated;' bnt we are more accurate in describing our I - - e own feelings thaa ihose of other who bave a u (Tered : and that miht be bcaue we feel a kind of glory in relaiing them, more particularly wben we bave sudered for liberty' sake. v At tbis present moment Ihere is priso ner in tbis jail, who bas noi been in any battle, who bas not ìnvited any onetotake up arnis, but is an honest and quiet fanner. Ilwasdeemed proier lo incarcerate bini under the accusation of HIGH TKF.A SON, because once in bis lì le, and that loo, nianv montila before the troubles, be had atlended a public meeling where the righis of his country bid been dincossed. Wben the volunteers arrived at ti Ta house in the dead of the night, be gol alarmed and secreled himself in bis celiar, One of the briffands who was in a high state ol intoxication, lound out tus retreai, ami although the poor farmer wa unarmed and made rio resistance. the volunteer pierced bim in several parta of his body with abayonet, in such a horrible manner that bis life was considered in great dan- ger. In this terrible state he was seized, bound and thrown into a Canadian train, withont any thing to bind up his wounds, or to stop the blood. From St. Pierre, where he resided, be was taken tq Laprai rie in one of the coldesl nights oflhe win- . i . ter, and Jrom tlience was immeaiaieiy burried to Montreal. Tbis man whnse name is Pierre Derigc dit Laplante, was the whole vvinter in jail and was ofenlimes considered in a precarious 8tate of health fronvthe efTects of his wounds. , The vol unteers who treated bim in tbis cruel and inhuman manner were James McDonald ajusiiceol the pesce,'' and Caniille La- combe, a merchant, both of Laprairie. The greatest number of the prisoners were arrested without warrant, or wiih- out having the reading of such adocu- ment, and without knowing what accusa tion could be brought against them. A great number of those who fall into the asl category, are yet in jail, where they lave been for many months. Wives are tbreatened and illtreated, because they are suspected of baving facilitated their hus- bands' evasion, or because thev believe these women know whete their husbands are concealed. A word, a look, a mere suspicion was more than enough tó have a man sent to a dungeon.' Woe to those who bad private enemies, these had a good opportunity to take revenge. AfTìda vits were made against penceful men and ibe authorilies would receive these aflìda vils wilh great complacency. They were arrested, and dragged to'jail where they were sure to remain until it was the plea sure of the Attorney General to take no tice of their case ; several months would pass in thia manner ; and oftentimes inno cent men would bc treated thus. If a ruiscreant was in debl to an honest man, he would immediatdy go ard swear treas on. against bim, and this unfortunate cred itor would be sent to jail, from whence he no more could sue his perfidious deblor. If a tbief thought that the presence of the proprietor would retard his design ofsteal ing bis property, an affidavit was an excel lent meahs of gcliing rid of bim. This same state of moral turpitude exists even now, but in a lesser degree tiian when thè iroubles broke out. Sonietime after tUe battle ofSt. Dennis, a body of Brilish passed through St. Ours; a young man who was in the Street of the village, was ordered tostop ; he dìd not bear the command or else he got scared, at any rate he continued bis route. ' The brave British fired on him and he fell, pier ced with eleven balls.' At Ihe same time some British cav alry pnrstied four or five young men who were unarmed, and discharged tlieir fìre arms at them, which happily had no eflect. These young men sared their lives by es caping into an adjoitdng wood. I should not finish if I was to minute down ali the faets wilh wbich I hecame personailv ac- quainted ; those I have cited are suflìcient of themselves, il seems to me. I haster. ' to eive the hislory of ourincarceration and oflhe sufferings that we (the stale prison ers,) bave to encounter and bear in tbis palace ot the blessrd Qucen of England, at wbose tender mercies some 400 of us are now le fi in tbis abominable and iufec tious abode. At the moment I ani writing tbese Jinen, (2Sth Marrh, 1838,) I am siili confined in the new jail, and God alone knows for what lengih of time. Il ìs with great harshness that Mr. De St.' Ours, thesher ilf, atked us our names, had us handeufled bifore we left the old jail and shut us up in the ceils oftbe new one. Ile knetv me well, be had been my school Inate et the college, he bad even called on me at my house, and 1 had exrhanged this polite ness by caHing too at hig house; nevérthe less be afferted not to be acquainied with tue, and askedfor my name. This vortby placeman was swimming with the tide. With what leasure Would be bave con- ducted one of his co'untrymen to the scaf- fold for the sake of pleasing bis masters!! lor I know not a more dreadful pesi to so ciety than an unworthy creature that has been elevata! to some high office. He is to be dreaded if he has a tyrant for master. In proportion to his desire to hide his want of talenls, does he manifest bis servility and baseness, and through fear of displeasing bis wicked employer, he generally surpasseahim in acts of barbari tv. Never bas Rodi De St Ours uttered a word of sympalhy in our favor, , At first he visitod us every day, bui it was ordinar il y wilh liis hat on his head and without sàying a word to us. However, sonietime after our incarceralion, American sympa lhy spread ' terriblé atarm among the loyal " . ti gentry. It was a common rumor ai Mon treal that the Canadian refugees were coming back to this country and that tbis city would be besieged ; it was also repor- ted that tbeir anny wasvery formidable in numbers and . in materials of war. No doubt thai Mr. De S. Ours Was a devo ted servant of bis tnasiers, bui he wished also to be a prudent man. He beiliongbt ali at once of tlie vicissitudes of fortune and thought tbaoneday or anolber a stale prisoner might perchance ' become ihe sherifTor the jailer, and "that ihe present sberiff mighlin bis turn become a slate l'ris- oner. Some ot my leuow pnunera r é r il a Y. ing astonished at the sudden change they had observed in the sherilT's conduci, I answered them thai ihìs extraordinary po liteness of bis had been blown into bim by a breeze that carne from the other side of latitude 45. Sirice that moment he has been polite or impolite, harsh or humane according as the rumors were warbke or of a peacelul ebaracter. Ile was a regular jKilitical barometer, à living newspaper, from which we could goess at, the news Irom the states ; an exact telegraph, from the appearance of wbich we could learn what we bad to expect or to fear. Such an instrument was very precious for us poor unfortunate prisoners, to wbom it was not allowed to see any friend, and to whom was interdicted the very sightof a prinied paper. Although Martial law had been declared at the beginning ol December, yet the ci vii Conrts were not suspendedj and even at the Criminal Court of the monili of March, nearly the whole charge of the Chief Justice to the Jury was sgainst the crime of high treason on wbich His Honor told them they were to be called upon to gire tbeir verdiets. However no politicai trial has a yet taken place; ibe only thing the Jndges have decided on, was, ihal the politicai prisoners could be admitted to bail. The Sheriff was immediately sum moned to set at liberty certain gentlenicn who offered to give bail, but he answered that he had nolhing to do with thtte zen tlemen, and that they were onder ihe cus tody of the mililary. He undoubtedly bad received orders from bis master, in fact be confessed it to some of ut. Since that time weseldnm saw the poor creature. As I bave been shut up in ibi jail for four months past, and perhaps may top in it for a long lime yet toxome, I shall gtve a description of it. Il is a buikìing of ca ntone, in the form oftbe letter T, ibe up per pari of wbich faces the St. Lawrence, j whilil the bane runa towards the Cottati lìaron. A wall 15 feci high encirclea thia fine edifice, wbich is four atories high; the front pari measures 30 feel long, whihu the wing is 100 feel long. A cbapelof large dimensiona is ituated in the fiflh story and is in the centre oflhe building. The first story of the jail, which is nearly fifteen feet under ground, is composed of dungeons, it is ihe fnost unhealihy place of the jail where air and light are nearly excluded. In the second and third storie are the celli of whish I shall give a more minute descrip tion, because the greater number of the politicai prisoners are lodge in them A passagesix feet wide, at the end of which is a window wilh iron grate, divide two rov8 of cells; these celi are each 8 feet long by 5 1-2 wide. The floor in these celli and in the passage are of oak, also the doors. Each celi ìj encircled by a brick wall. The cella and !passage are about 12 feet high in their highest eleva tion; these as well as the dungeons, are ali arched. When we are in those celi we 8re surrounded with six dilferent wallsj neveriheless life would he supportale in them, if we could have more light and more air than' we do. But each celi re- , ceives light only through an aperture of about one foot square and al the distance, of nine feet from the floor; and then more than half the light that would penetrate into those celi, is stopt by iron grate and dirty g-lasses. Wben we were even first put into them, we could sre so as to read about six hours in the day, but with very great ditlìculty. Above the door of each celi at nine feet from the floor, there is an operi ing with iron' grate, through which the beat penetrate into the celi from a stove placed in the passnge. .The door of thè cells are about 5 (eel high by 2JVet wideì hey are doublé, and 42" 1-2, inebe thick and strengthened with large iron nail. The hinges, bolts, iron-bars, &c. &c, of each door may weigh about 50 Ibs. 1 The pillars are 7 inches square, : Such are the cells imo which luindreds of men are thrown, without a chair, bendi, table or even a little Straw lo sleep on. Oh, the tender mercies of the British governmentf hnw irlcompreheusible are they lo a Cana. dian!! . j . . , It is unnecessary to gay that 6uch a dweiling is very unhealthy, inasmuch as it is impossible that pure air can circuiate in il. Besides that, in each ward . one ol the cells has been converted imo a privy, without even closing the opening abóyé the door, it i therefore easy lo imagine what infection sudi an arrangement spreads throughout the jail. .. Add lo this the fact that the walis have hot been white-washed since we have been "confined here; that the floora are very eìdom scrub bed, and ihat the prisoner are not f'urnish ed with the means ofkeeping themselves clean, and you will have a just idea of the miserable condiiion to wbich webave been reduced by , the maternal governnient of our blessed Queen." It ia then no wonder that we bave been risited wìth those in seds which are the shame and tormer.t of clean and dt-'fent men. ; ..... , , A great number of ihe poitical prisoner were at first put imo the dungeons. They have since been taken away fro;n there, f, with ali those of the ward where J am, have been shut up in our celi for three whole weeks ; by the regulaiions ol the jail, the felons could nói be shut up bui from fighi o'clock, in the evening to the same bour io the morning, 1 have alway suspected that the sheriff in ordering o to be confined thus in pur cells, was listening to bis own vindici! ve, feeling toward us, - wbilst other politicai prisoner at the sanie lime were occnpying celi to which they were not confined. 1 '''. ' ' - Why thisdistinciion bettveen prisoners accased of the same ofienee? " It i a qurn- ton which 51 r. De St. Ours will un doubtedly have to answer, one day or an. oiiier- It would take too long tiroe to describe al! our snfferingt during the tb reo wek we were shut up in our cel! ; we sufTered severe! from co'd and want ol exercise, the result of which was dyspep. ''! lì' ?! lì ''I ! ti f '. . K -4f 4 !