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Cnnmlinii ICihtx nnd Cniiatliati ladrpciKlrticr. NO. 50- PUBMSUF.D BV H. J. THOMAS. SWAM'OX, VT. MARCH 25, ISIO. EDITED HY CANADIANS & AMEIUCANS ( Tilt: SORTII AMERICAN S pl-BUMIE!) IIVOV WKDNESDAT. Vrict I 30 per an. in advanrc, or $2 00 at the end of the year, and in likc proportion far fur ther dclay of payment. i ii i i i Originai. IIISTOUV OF CANAPA. (COKTIXl'CD.) .. Il wu cviJtf ni to ali sensible and reftecl inj inen in Concreti ihal the expedition lo Cina I, had failed hecause. the nurnber of troo; a ti ad been insuffìcient, and in con quetee of llie delay in making ihe proper ap pmatment &. promotion in the arrr.y. Our uader o doubt remember th at Congress tu a'realy granted lo the commanding .."licer i;i Canada, wilh the advice ol the Cmimisiortcr and ol Col. Hazcn and Lieut. Col. Anlil, the right of appointing Major, Captatila, and ali the subaltern elicer, for the bai tallona which were t be :ii(ed in Ilio Province. Congresa, sensible ci ihe disadvantages resulting from the tarJy progrcs of their arma in Canadai (is.fd ihe following solution on ihe 23d March: "Rttolvcd That the commissioaers ap poiuted lo g ' m Canada, or any tvvo of them, he empowered, il they thiuk il necea nry lor lite service of (he United Colonie, H raise a numberof independent compn riirt, ii'U exceeding six, and lo appoint the niicvr; that they also be empowered tofill u;t the vacancira that may happen in the army ol the United Colonie in Canada, ttd.iie they are there." Iti the early part of the History cf Ca. mJi, our render bave been informed o?" tbe barbaro!: and savage act which had hren comntitfed by Uritish soldiers under th? immediate contmand of a Briiish officer, irt the persoti of Thomas Walker, Esq., a Jjstice of the Peaee of the city of Mont real, who, after having uarrowly cscaped Vrinj rnurdered, had one of his ears cut (fl. It will alsobe remembered that colo Ufi F.ihan Alien in his narrative, spea&ing of the battio of Ruicseau JMigetn, where bevras made prrsoner, says he had seni an f x presa io Mr. Walker at l'Assomption, wistiing him to raise a body of Canadi.ins ftim hi vicinity to come lo help him, (Cui. A'!cii); and thal Mr. Walker had done it, but wj too late having marched liia men ter the baule had been fottght and won tythe Eritiéh. Thua Mr. Walker found !i-rase!f involved in trouble, in consequenc fhi frieiìdship for the American cause; General Prescott, the same inliuman fiend ho iìl-treaied the brave co!. mei Eihan V ieri, marched a body of troops to l'As-nrtit;.-n, and, Uritishdike, ordered ali Mr. Walker' housea and barn? to he burnt lite ground. By the journala of the "ntinemal Contesa of the month of Urc!i I77G, we ee that Mr. Walker con 1 e-I tu befriend the provincials, and that r' baj aJvanced money to general Wooa ' which waa duly repaid to him by cr Crf of Congress. Oi the JSth March Conf resa tock irto "ì)us Cftnsideralion, the tepori r.f ll:e c'-ntniiitee appoinled lor the purpose of Visinjr ways and meana of supplying l!:e li( trtwp in Canada with proisions, and t;i5rr necessarie. After debatiny thequta t'"'ai it waa determined that the whole C'ter ihould beentirely left to the judjj at and diacretion of general Scbuyler, had already, in so many instance, TfD proofe of his superior talenta in con- -wiioj iLch buainess. The metnbera of r?res aeeinj that un lesa Quebec should feduced befwrethe arrivai of the Eng. s8eetia the river St. Lawrence in the 'Myt it would be totally impossible for t4 Provinciai army to leep posseusion of aJa, carne to the determination of or Cfri"g general Washington lo eend imme- '; iato Canada four of the battaìton tu were then under hi coromnnd, if h hi ii prudent and aafe to apare no r,t.yi under the preent circumataoce, fw-Vork and Massachusetta. Vt fa general Carleion, after his esc ape American, hai aheitered biruseif fc o3 the eonaof the forlreta of Quebec, aeJ, ti our readera wiU remember, a pr.elamation in u liich Ite ordered ail the ! ditatl'icted rither to leave the city forth wiih, or to take tip arma. He a!so tw)k it upon himaelf to force many j-erions out of city Wcauke he hd no confidence in iheir loyaliy. Among th-ne tvho were thua forced io leave the city of Quebec was a Mr. Jeremiah Dugan, an Iruhman by birlh, who immediatelyjoined the Ameri can camp, and rendereifthenvery essen. tial aervice, at different timea. On the 28th March ihia Mr. Dugan tva at l'Itila delphia; on learning which.Congreas order ed a commiue to eonfer wilh him in regard lo his sen icca in ihe American cause, and, alter a ahort inlerview, the committee re ported that 1000 dullara oujht to be paid to Mr. Dugan as a remuneralion for aid serviceli, and recommened alio that he should be appoinled major in the army, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel. Theae propositions were readily acceded to by Congres ; and il was furthermore or. dered that the subaìtern olììcers were to be chosen by major Dugan hmself, subject to the approbation of the commissionerà al ready seni to Canada. Mr. Price, who was the commissary gen eral for the American army in Canada, hau'ng repreaented lo Congrega that il was necessary toput a large sum of money into his banda s$ lo enable him to fumisti the army wilh iu m'eessaries. On the Sd day of Aprii, Congress voted 64,359 dol lars for the snpplies of ihe armv. On the 1 5th of lite sanie month the re perì of the committee on ways and ateana of supplying the troopg in Canada, was ega'n discussed, when a sum of 13.S33 doilars, in addition to jhe sum voted on the 3d of asme month, was ordered to be advanced to Mr. Price, for the use of the troops. The balance of the whole sum v.-8 3 ordered to be paid on the 22J. Ali th:s money was to be paid in gold ar.J Sil ver, continental bill were col current in Canada. A further aum of 00,000 dollars was also voted nest day to be pui into lite hands of general Schuyler for the express purpose cf paying and supplying the army ni Canada. On this day ulso, Congress, af ter having considered thediver documenta wltich had been placet before that body, compkining of the barali treatment infiict ed by some of ita officerà on the Canadians, carne to the following resolntions, proving ihereby a decided determination io proteet lìis unoffending and friendly Canadians frotn the band of eppression, acknovvledg irtjj alio by their resolves that the Canadi ai.i had aright tocornplain of the invaders, who had of late condneted lowards thern in a manner calcuiated to alienate their good feeling. Resolvcd Thnt the commissio.ners of Congress in Canada, bedesired to publish an addreiJs to the reooleof Canada, signify- incr, that Congress has Iten informed cf ir.juties effered by our peopU lo tome of them: expressing our resentment at such niìsrondtict, assuringthem of our attach ntent to their security ; inviting them to siale their grievances to our commission erà, and promising ampie red resa to them, and esertiplary pitnishment to the offenderà. lieshed, That itistrnctions l.e sent to the comrnissioners, to cause justice to be done to the Canadians, agreeable to lite tenorof the a bove resolre. Retoìved, That the commanding officer in Canada, be di ree tini io be very atlentive to military discipline, ami inflict exemplary punishment on ali iho.se who violate the militarv regulatiot: established by Con gress." The mernbers of congress were so beni upon the red'iction of Quebec, that they were constantly occupied in devising means for effecting their objecu They felt that if that all-important fortress remained in the power of the Bruisti, ali their toila anJ sii ihe btood they had already lost for the eonqueat of the province, would ha ve been in vain. Quebec was the lev of Canada, by the means of which the I5rilih ; assoun as iheslt iuld bereinforced frotn England, ould oon reconqnei what they had pre viously lost. In consequence of tba great anxiety fell oa that subject, general Wash ington was di recled by Congress to pend six new baltalion into Canada, and at the arce lime, the Pesiiecl was rrquest- ed to write a letter to general V, !eiring io bave hi opinion whether any aJJitiotial troops were neces&ary lor the rfduction l Quebec, and lor the aecurity of Canada; and in case the General should decide in ttie atlìrmaiive, w betber any more troops could be spared with safety from the army then in New York. On the 24th Aprii Congresi ordered thal a aura of 20,000 dollars should be givcu t Mr. Trumbull, the commissary general of the American army, to enable him to send immedialely 2000 barre! of jork lo genrr al Schuyler for ihc use ol ihe army in Ca nada. Messrs. Alsop, Shcrman and Lewis, were also requested to purchae and for ward with ali convenient dispatch, to gen eral Schuyler, for the use of the Canadian army, 10,000 pairs of shoes, anil also 10," 000 pairs of storkings ; lor ibis purpose a sum of 15,000 dollars was pui into their hands. A letler was also written io gen eral Schuyler, informing him of the ten additicnal battaliona which had been late ly ordered to Canada; the first four of which, as already mentioned, baving been asked by Congress from general Washing ton by a letler daied 25th March ; and the tasi six, as we before said, by a letter dat ed the 23d of Aprii. The letter alno in formed general Schuyler of the supply of pork, shoes and stockings which had been provided for the army in Canada ; wishing him moreover, lo continue hi exertions to provide the best means for furnUhing such other necessary articles of cloihing and fooil as might be wanted for the commen tala. General Schuyler waa also asked to inform Congress, at the earliest conveni ente, what quantity of gun-powder he had received for Canada since the first of January preceding. The secret committee was in the mean lime di recled to for Hard from Mr. Wisner's and Mr. Livingsiori's powder-mills, five tons of powder, logen. eral Schuyler, to be by him lorwarded to Canada. It will be recollccted that general Pres cott wilh his little fleet had been captured on the river St. Lawrence, near the mouth of the Richelieu,by colonel Easlon.who or. thisoccasion had displayed a degree of niil itary skill highly honorable to himsclfand to the country which employed him. It appears thal general Montgomery who had detached colonel Easlon for the exprees purpose of surprising general Prescott and his squadro, had promised to the Ameri can colonel and to his men, that they should bave ali the public stores they might chance to take, except ammuni tion and provisions. Nevertheless colonel Easton and his men never received a pam ele of what they had taken, which, it seems, amounted to a heavy sum of money; but, on the conlrary, the gallant colonel, as a reward for his noble and daring con duct in this diflìcult enterprise, was accus ed by brigadier-general Arnold of having plundered the private property of the pri soners who fell into his hands. Such an ac cusation was highly mortifving for an oiTi cer, who, on the 19th January preceding, had been complimented by Congress for hi important services, and for which that body gave assurances that they would seize the first opportunity of rewarding him. A court of inqitiry was ordered by Congress to take cognizance of the accusations brought forward against colonel Easton ; but we bave been unable to fjnd out from ihe journal of Congress what was ihe te pori o( the court upon the conduci of e aecused. It would seem that they were unable to aettle the queslion on whom the bla me was to resi. Congress on the 2Cth Aprii entertaining a high sense of col nel Easton' services, rccotnmended the com manding ofìicer then in Canada to appoint proper persona to estimate the public stori' taken from general Prescott, so as to di vide the value of them among those who had won them so gallantly : " Congres then took into e onsideration the report of the conimiltee, on the peiition of colocrl James Eaton ; whereupn, Betohedt Tttat theclaims of the er on concerned in the uri'rÌ7e and reiuc-i t'em of tbr fortre ofTicondrroga, Itaving j already been submittrd by Coneres to the committee of Alhany, the jtitioner be re ferred lo the said committee of ASbanr lor a urttlentent , f bis detnarul u ihat c count. As (toni the testimonia! produced t.y the (NMilioiier, ii appeal tini he liti In' bai talion U-haved wilh grrat dtiiuer.ee, actt vily, undtjiiiit tu the tuccrtslul eiiiefpne agains.1 general Precoit, and the eri and troops under his rommand, in the riv rr Sorrl, in which important neivire they were joined by colonel Bedel and a part ol hi regimei.t- that to rncourage ll;e party employed in that itiioriB!il servite, the late entrai Montgomery promihed thern ali the jitiblic stores which should be taken in the vessels under general Pre cott'it coiiimaiid, eteepting amunitioii and proviaton ; and, a the pelitiouer aliege lliat no partol these stòle was delivered, nor any coinpeiisaiioii made io the troup row-emrd in the acquiidiion ; iherelore, Uesolcrd, Thnt it be rerouinit nde.l to the general coimnanding in Canada, toap poitit fonitniskioiier to eslitiiule ail the public stores taken wiih general Presenti, (excepting fit-itiniiion and proviiorin) arnJ pay the vaine thereof among the otfieers unii men employed in that service, in such proportion as the commissionerà shall de termine. As the petilioner'a account of monies re ceived, and dihburseineiii made by him for the use ol bis regitnent, on which he claims a bulance, can, l'or want of proper voucher and information bere, otily be ad jtisted iti Canada, where the business was transacted, Hesolved, That the same be re ferrei for setllement in such mode as the comrnission ers from Congress, in thal province, shall direct ; but, as the peliiioner is in tvant of money, liesolvcd, That 200 dollars be advanced to hiin in part paytiient ol" bis demand against the United Colonica. With regard to the petitioncr's request, that a court of enquiry may be called res pecting the chaige gainst hitn and major Urown, for p!unlering the ellécts of the prisotiers : As brigadier general Arnold in his letter ol' the lst of Febiuary lat al leges, that the peiitioner and majnr Urown h:nl been publickly accused of pluruiering the olTicers'.baysrage, taken at Sorel, con lrary to the aiiielea of capiiulation, aud to the greut tifandal of the American arma; for which reeson, he declaied it lo belo opinion, that it would give greai ditgust to ihe army in general, if either of them shoull be promoted until these mailer were cleared up ; and as the peiitioner as serì bis innocence, fieclaring that he nei iher plundered. nor dirrcted, nor was privy lo the plundering of any prisoner or other persoti whatever ; considering, therel'ore, on one band, the aggravated nature of this charge, which is an impediment to the pe titioners promotion, and, on the other, the ereat confiJence reposed iu him by general Montgomery, and llie essential service which the peiitioner hns rendered to bis country : Jiesolved, That the comrnissioners from Congress, in Canada, be itistrucied lo cause enquiry to be made by a court-mariial, or otherwise, into the charge against the pe titioner, giving him an opportunity of itiak ing his defence ; and that the proceedings thereon be transmijted to Congress, in or der that j.ntice may be done to the peiiti oner, ifhehaHheen accused withoui sul ficient reason." ( To be eonlinued.) From the Franklin Gazclle. Fort Covington, N. Y., March 1 1, 1840. DR. WOLFIIED NELSON. Thia acconiplished gentleman and weli tried patriot visited ibis place on VV'ednes day lasl, and, while bere, attended a sup per party, to which be was inviled by a large number of our citizen, Icr the pur pose of inanifesting their respect for his characler and fileni. Ile carne bere solely on tofcsóiona'i busiliesa, and had Dot, pre vious to bis arrivai, the alighieri expecta tion of parlieipatir.g in a public entertain ment. Atthe urgent olicitation, liowev er, of a commitlee of geinlemcn who wait ed on bini as soon a il was known ihai be was in the village, he consented to meet the people at eie ht o'clock in the eening al Parker' Hotel. Il was then 4 o'clock, P. M., and basty preparation were immedialely made by Mr. Parker for the accommodaiion of the company. At the hour apointrd, Dr. Nelson acconijin nied the committee to the Hotel, and introdoced to the perons ascmb!ed to receive bim. Atiout an Imur va spent in ajfreeable converaiion, in tbe coure of which Dr. Nelson imparted much uselui and entertaining inforn.ation ujmiu Cana dian affair. Supper bemu nnouneed, ihe company t down to an excebeni ami weìi served entertainment wbicfi w followe I by pstriotic toat, fpeeclirs, and -n2.Tbe fir.eKtpirit prevailed throuebout ili ève n ine. Wr were rtvwi prrent atny- flair of the kind which wer.lotì wi agn-e- tly. E very counlenarice expreKe! j.y, and evrrr loin wa$ arimated itti t-rn- limrnts of pstiiotmm and firrdt tn. 'l i w- nl their gut the rt inpany rnsnifrtlrd arderti nd liateuial ferfirgn atlarhment. li couUl noi bave teen oibrrwine. Ih noble nature and hi'lt qualitirs rc-n nMind Ibv respect ren of hi fie ; il al tttry ubouUI wiii for him the unlniunded confi dence and adiniration of thoe friendly to the iaote to which be i devoted, i, there l'ore, no cause of sorprise. Dr. Nelson t no ordinary character. He ponesse biiities n liich lìi bim for grrst aud glorino deed. Jii personal ipearance is notile and striking, bis mimi brilli in l arni Mwerful, Nature ha fot inni bini Iur a popular leader, and endowed bim with qi.aliiicaiioti lor that wition wbiclt must give hin) a paraniount influente in public uliairs. Hi toweritrg and manly fottìi, lii fi e nnd ex pressi ve feniure, hi " jiroud eagie ève," and bis t minent inie! lectuul power, ali combine to render him capatili ol ittipiiing a people, wilh that bigli-u roughl etitbusiasm and unfalcula ting ilevotinii to the cause d their coun try which ftiuhìc the iindisciplined mauea lo (riempii over the vetviau legiot. of tyratiny. He i t Ite master spirit of the liberal party ol Lower Canada, and rnjnys, we heheve, a greatersbateol itsconfidenco thati any other man. In thia he has no niorethan he inerii. Ile has shown him- ' self faithlul and brave or (he niost trying occasiona, and we are convinced that ho tnay be sal'ely (rusied in what eversit liou he sitali be placed. Our Ihoughta nattirally recurred, the other evening when w were in he presente vi' Dr. Nelson, lo the periml ol hi imprison ment, and the state of feeling . which his caplure produced in thi community. Evea then, when comparaiively liule wusknown ol his characler, tie was looked upon as " lite foremosl man" in the paiiiot ranka. The announcement that t e had falle inlo tl.i band of bis enemies filled lite bosoms of the friend of freedom wilh despnndrncy. A iainlul anxiety in relation to hi propa lile late look posaession of every inind. There vvas scarcely reason to hoe that any thing lesa ihan bis death would salis fy the murderous crew who the f'ed, witli the appetite and the ferocity of vulttires, upon the miserie of an unlbrtunale peo ple. Hisdoom was supposed to be sealed. It wirn krtown that bis enemies ihirsted for tiis blood, and that noihing bui their fears could saye him, Humaniiy ihey possessed noi, and to justice ihey were sfrangerà, and the apprehension of gbilty and up braiding coitscience were considered al that could induce t tieni to apare hi hle. These did provati over their sanguinary and vindictive dispositicns. They dared not bring him to the ecaflold. They dreaded ihe consequence of a deed which would dravv ujion ita perpetralor the scorti and delestation of theworIJ. They fear ed the elfect of the Inst scene. They cotv ered before the spirit of their prisoner, thounh he were in dungeon and in ehain. His inlerview with th Altorney Generai alarmed them, and stayed their bloody pur pose. That oflìcer viaiied him in priaon. He dernanded f him hjg trini. Ile said that he wihed to reniain no longer in sus pense. 'I knovvlhatmy deathis intended," said he, "and I ani prepared l'or it. Bot, sir, I shall defend tnyself, for 1 feci that I can juf-ify ali that l'bave done. I would do it over again if placed in the same cir etmatances. If I am brought to trial, rely upon it, sir, I will lay bare ihe nefarioua proceedings of goverDinent. Notes will be taken, and published, and thougb Jtnay die, they will go forth to the world lo wttrk out good. They will be read io Canada, in the United States, and in Eng 'at;d. Y'tu niust take tho connequences of them. When I go io the scaflold, do not fiatter youme'd that libali make any con fesiion or exhibii any weaknesa. Ther will be no crying or suj.plication then. If I bave any ihing of tbai kind to do, it will be done in the dark hour of tnidnieht, in tny aoiitary celi, alone wilh tny Maker. On tlietcailbld I shall sland erect, in the atiitude of conscious innocence. And, sir, afler baving addressed the people in viridi cation of my character, and when I am alxiut todropioto elernity, I sball lesva the goverruitent a Ifgai v., It will be THE CUHSES OF A DYING MAN Tyranny itself quailed before the loft y and intrepid pirit of the captive patriot. Ile was not brought to trial, but was ent into baninhmer.t, by the Dictator Durham. Tfie f..!liwing are the proceedings at tbe sopperon Wednesdsy evening: STARDI5S TOikTS. 1. Freedom Msn's grestest blrssing and that for which property. and nrn iiTe iuelf, houltj fe freely saeriflrrd fsiher ;han il nhotild le surrendered. 2. The npirit of eventy-six V wilf ct:e:ih i ai the only ure safeguard of our repcpiiean instrnetion. S. The liurning of ihe Caroline It i a Uml blt vtn our natWat ntcatrhmn,' that this daring and belimh oulrajre re i!iain'crstonel for and unrevertped." 4. Our ciininguisbed Goet III servire and Facrifjcr in the cause f Ctnadiaa il "