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VOL. !, Cnnadiaii IU5.it and Canadian Itidepciidencc. N0.51J PUBLISHED BY H. J. THOMAS. SWAHTON, VT. APRIL 1, 1810. EDITE!) BY CANADIANS k AMERICANS. Tin: sonni AJinnic AX IS PfBLIilHD CVCRT WEDSfSDAr. Price$l 'A) per an. in advance, or $2 00 at the end ofthc ycar, and in likc proportion for fur ther dtlay of pmjmcnt. Originai. H1ST0RT OF CANADA. (C0TI!CED.) Our re aJers are now inviled back to lite ;rritions nf the American arrny before Quebec. They ili remember that Major General Thomas had been nmned com jrwìet in chief of the Continental arroy js Canada. Il was about the latter end of Aprii or the bcginn'mg of May, that General Thomas joined the army. The tritjn wt too much advanced to do any J.ing eflVctua! agair.t Quebec. Rein-fù-rements from England were daily ex prctfd, and the actoal state of the Ameri ca army was such as not to raise the high expectations of their new General. Hwever Major General Thomas did ali ihat a skilful oflìcer; placed in auch a criti cai situation, conld do. He prepared for s second asau!t on the city before the be urged coold receiveany reinTorcement from the mother country. His pian was to tend a fire-ship among the vessela wlticlt were then laying in the harbour of Cu!-de-Sac in the lower town, in order to dinuov them; these vessels were so situa te! ihil the conflagrano! would extetid to ihe building in the vicinity. During the confusion which would neceasarily altend neh a cìrcumstance, the walls of the city were to be ecaled on the opposi te side. Aecordingly one of the vessels which had Kwn captut'fd from the British the fall jtrfcrdinsr, wi.i Ctted out ss a fire-ship, ini during a dark night dropped down ;;h the tide from Sìllery Cove, above Qwbff, and was ateered below the city m'.hsrrvfd. On the night of the Srd of May, tlie lime appointed for setting lire ! the Elitisti vessels and for attacking the city, hatween the hoursof nine and ten at richt, the fire-vessel carne up with the iUf, opjwite the harbour of Quebec. The D'iush, who were then expecting their !m-n.l from England, rati to their Gov ernar with the glad tidings of the arrivai of ailiip from England. The Governor im mediately ordered the artillery men to their Coni to welcome their friends. The ves tii was hailed, but no answer was given. She was hailed a second and a third lime, and threatened with being fired upon, if a iM'ifactmy answer was not immediately cifen. Tothegreat astonishment ofthe pyfni Englishmen who had believed this fseì to be the bearer ol friends.a boat was feri leaving the vessel and making ita way towarda Pointe- Levi. A minute at tnwards the whole vessel was in flames, i'ifwasthcn about 200 yards from Cul-de-Sif-, shells, grenades, petardi, poti afeu, Wtt vcry regularly. But, unforlunately, tWe whohad the management of this ship Ui not tken her near enough to Cul-de-Se, and had set fire to her loo hastily, bo that the did no damage whatever to the Euglish fiotilla. Gen. Thomas eeeing the complete laiiure of the fire-ahip, thought fir notto undertake the attack upon the city, consequently nothing waa done ca that evening, but to givc bon-fire to ie EngU&h. The American General finding himself avery criticai predicament, rnade up mimi to raite the siege; and the 5ih of May was the day appoinied for that purpose. li happened that on that aame r the reintorcementa o much wished forby the besieged, arrived from England. Atsix o'dock in the morning a vessel ap Jfired rounding Pointe Levi, which prov ai ta be the Surprùe frigate, haviog on kttri. a pari of the 29th Regiment. The of fifty guna, and the .feria sloop, ttivri a!so, the aame day, with detach nuofirops and a party of marinei. Tbe aolditrs were ordered immediately to 13-anJ at twplve o'clock Gov. Carleton, aiace the arrivai of reinforcemenu .foa Great Briuìa, and more particolari aince he had bwn infornied that the Amer ican General had given theordcrof raising theaiege, ami that he tvas preparing to remove op the river, fell hia mariial ar dour returning, and marche! out '"of the city with about 800 rnen to puraue the Americana. General Carleton waa ac companied by the brave Colone! Macican; Irath strove to relrieve the honora loat by their iharoeful flight of the preceding fall, by a grand show of bravery, in a cantioua jiursuil of the retrrating army. Govern or Carleton, however succeeded in captur ing, or rather in picking up a f w pounda ol'pork.aome bread, a few sheets of wril len paper, and a few bundlei of old clothe, which the Provinciala thought proper not to burden thenisdves with. The Uriti! boaated of having a!o captured a few piece of caunon, severa! howilzers, and some (ire-arma. Capt. Nicholson who was coramanding the detachment of Canadiana !e"t at Pointe Levi, ahamefully abandoned bis post and ran away, leaving the poor Canadiana to the mercy of the English auihori lies, into whos banda they of course fell. We shall eee that in their report on the cautte$ of the failure of the Cana dian campnign, thecommitiee recommend ed to Congrega that the cowardly conduci of Capt. NichoUon should be immediately investigateci; and if proved guiliy,he ought to he forthwith disrnissed from the service of the United-Color:ies. In the course of the aftprnoon two fri gatea were sent to Siliery Cove, todestroy the American craft laying there. The Provinciale retreated as far up the St. Lawrence as the mouth ofthe Sorel river, where they were joined by four new bal talions just arrived from the United Colo nies. At this place Gen.Thomas was taken ili with the 6iall pox, and died in a very short lime. This oflìcer had taken com mand of the American army in ihe most criticai conjuncture possible, and no blame whatever, can in justice, be attached to his proceedinga, during the short time he was in Canada. On the contrary, he used ali the mearis within his pover to ensure success to the American army, and shew ed a great deel of prudence and skill. By the death of Gen. Thomas the command of the army devolved on Gen. Sullivan. The email pox had made consideratale ravages in the American army. And during their re treat from Quebec, they had been forced to ieave manyof their sìck behind them; these had been kindly received by the Canadians, who hogpitably theltered and gave them ali the relief iu their ower, Gen. Carleton, moved by compassion for those unhappy beings, isaued a proclama tion in which he ordered the officerà of mìlilia, and ali other persona in the Pro vince, to search for them and to tender ihem ali the care necessary to their restd ratiorì to health. This Immane proclama tati sball sland an evcrlasling monument ofhonorand glory to Sir Guy Carleton. In consequence of this proclamation a great number of the Americans who laid concealed in the woods, or in miseratile huts, were brought lo more comfortable quarter, where they soon recovered, after which they were aliowed to return to their homes. Such generoaity and kindnessis scarcely equalled in the history of nations, and cannot be too nmch praised; thia hon orable trait in the characterof Gov. Carle ton aloned, in some meaure, for his pu sillanimìty and cowardice in the beginning ofhis mililary expioita against the Ameri can arms, in the fall of 1775. A party of Americana, to the nnmber of 580 men, under the command of colonel Bedel, wa jsted at the Celars, fortj-three mi tea above Montreal. They had some works of defence, coesisting of line of pickets and eatrenchments, with two field piece. Onthellth of May, capt. Foster, of the Sih British regiment, ac companied by two subaltern officers, left OiWfgatehie, (now Ogdensburgh) at the headof C00 men, CanadiaM and Indiana, to invest this fort, and lo force the Ameri can garrison to surrender. On the 15th Mar. colonel Bedel received inteiiiger.ee of the approach of the enemy, and insiead ! of retnairàng at Ma pst, as it.was hi duly, he left it, under the pretextof go'ng down to Montreal for re-inforcemerus. Uy the abseuce of coione! Bedel, the com mand cf the post fell on rnttj,r ButterfieW. On the l7th the Brìtith landed at Pointe au Diable, lìx miles above ihe chorch of the Cedars, and under the cover of a thick wood they pruceeded to within a mi!e of ihe American garrison, without being dis covered. At thia place they hahed, and the Eng listi oflìcer formed hi pian to invest the fort, A pari of his army took to the wooda and penetrated ti nearly ss pofsihle lo the fort.w hilst a party of Imiianwerestationed at the Cascades, with the intention of Cut ting ofl alt communication belween the her sieged and the city of Montreal. The In diana met a party of Americana that were laking proviaions to the camp, who imme diately lied with the news that the British were in the vicinity. The English cap tnin eent a flag of truce to major Butter field, suminoning him to surrender forth with, informing him, lha in case of non compliance, he would atortn the place. To this the continenlal oflìcer anawered that he wished four hours for consultation, but captain Foster perceived that his object waa to gain time, and being informed that colonel Bedel had gone to Montreal for the express purpose of bringing reinforcements he sent word to major Butterfield that if he did not surrender without any delay, he would not answer for the consequence of his refusai ; ihat the Indiana were then under his controul, and if he would surren der without bloodshed he would protect the garrison from the savnges. Bui if a single drop of blood was spilt, then, he could noi controul the ferocity of the na lives ; to the cruelly and barbarity of which, the Americans would be unmerci fully abandoned. Thia second demand, began to weaken the courage and resolu tton of the American commander, who agreed to surrender, on condition, that, his garrison should be aliowed to retire to Montreal. To this condition captain Fos. ter would not accede ; and a redo u Ut was immediately thrown up by the British on the edge of the wood, about live hundred yards distant frorr. the fort. The next morning the English oflìcer marched hia men within 1 25 yards of the post, and open ed on the Americans, a Leavy'and in cessant fire, at 12 o'clock the American oflìcer struck his colors, and surrenderedon condition, ihat the lives cf his men should be spared, and their baggage be preserved from plunder. , The next day captain Foster was inform ed that major Sherburne, of the Continen tal army, was advancing from Montreal to the help of the garrison at the Cedara ; he, therefore ordered 100 Indiana to place them8elve8 in ambush on both sides f the main road, where they remained con cealed in the woods, unti! the detachment of major Sherburne advanced, wben, they were suddenly attacked and surrounded by the Indiana. After a sbarp and severe engagement, the American oflìcer was forced to surrender, and was taken witb his men to fort Cedars, which, as we have ai ready mentioned, had fallcn into the hands ofthe British. This fight between major Sherburne's detachment and the Indiana took place on the 20th May, and lasied about an hour. As soon as the Americans had surrendered, they were, contrary to their capitulalion, put into the hands of the Indiana, who stripped them of their clothea and wearing appare!, and left them in a compiete state of nakedness.. Two of them were put to death by the Indian, who iortured them in the most cruel and savageway, one of them being ahot, and the other roasted alive. Captain Foster seeing that the number ofthe prisoners in bis banda was too great, and wishing to eflect an exchange with the Americans, required of major Sherburne to ssgn a cartel for the exchange of bimseifjnow exi8tsJobserve ira practical ojìera- and men.for a many tirilisti ni equal rank J and distinction, then in possession of the j Americans. ttacbioz lo this agreement (as a proviso) that ceither himself, his oflìcers, nor bis men, should ever take up arma against Greal-Britain ; such were ! the coadition of the corte!, which under the existing circunistances, major Sher burne and other ofiìcrrs, were forced to agree to. On the 2Gth May, the American prison ers were removeddowo to Quinxe-Chiemt on their way to j.irt their counir men, wben il was found that brigadier-genera! Arnold was advancing with a body of men io relieve Fort Cedars, the surremler of which he had not yet heard of. On the approach of the enrmy, brigaJicr-general Arnold made ali due preparations to resisi an attack. Captain Fotte r, who evideully saw that bis force could not succeesfuìiy contend with th(e of general Arnold, had recourse to one of those base and despi coble tricks, wliich invariably brings dis creda and infamy ou those who resort to them. He desired Major Sherburne to bear a flag of truce to Brigadier General Arnold, reqcesting this latfcr oflìcer tocon firmthe cartel, which, had been au;rced to by Major Sherburne and the other Ameri can officers, who were bis prisoners. Be fore sending Major Sherburne on this ex pedition, the British Captain took the American oflìcer into a conncil of war, held by the Indiana, at which, it was inti mated to him, that it was not the custom of these warriors to pare the lives of iheif prisoners, although they lied done it in the two last batlles, and that if Gen. Arnold did noi sanction the cartel agreed to by himself and the other American oflìcer, or if Gen. Arnold should attack them, (the British) they would instant'y put to death every prisoner in their power. Captain Foster joined in this representation, and pavé his word that this bruial thre at should b faithfully execnted. General Arnold upon receiving these ex traordinary & unwarrantable proposilions, hesitated, at first, to accede to them; but, after mature consideration, he saw no other alternative; lo stive the liveg ofthe Amefican prisoners, he was conipcllecì to agree to them, not, however, till tbeclause which providrd that thè American pri soners should never take up arms against Great Britain, was truck out. After this forced agreement, Gen. Arnold, with his men and prisoners retired to Montreal, and immediately sent a copy of ali these pro ceedings, with the necessary explanations, to Congrcss. (To be continued.) ; From ihe Washington Metropoli. MR. PITT'S PROPHECY. " Lct the Americans," said Mr. Pitt, "adopt their funding system, and go into their banking institutions, ar.d their boast ed injependence vvi!! be a mere phanjom." This funding system, spoken ofbyMr. Pitt, was adopted under the guardian care of Alexander Hamilton, a mania vvhom ali the vices ol a politicai Nero were em bedied. English in his principles, Eng lish in his l'eelings, and Knglith in his vices: and, if the epontaneous l'ertility and almost end lesa resources of our rieri and productive country had not tnabled us to knock ofl' the burdenaome chaina ofana tional debt, we should have given the world long ago a practical evidente of the deplh of our boasted liberties perhaps be fore the down of a econd generation. The funding system we have aboliuhed, but our system of incorporated banking, on which Mr. Pitt, at that infant period of our national history, laid sr great stress, is stili with us; the sanie thing of despo lism that it was in those lays; the same engine of politicai and social opprest ion, and the same inveterate and deadly foe of human freedom. '"If the English statesmari who thos pre dicted the downfail of American liberty through th? direct and sole agency of the systema of funding and banking, could, for a few short momcnts, be ermtted to rise from bis tomb and come amor.g js, and witnes ihe rnighty inroads of the lat ter of these aysiems, with whal force might he point us to ihe partia! fulElmeru of his prophecy. This pinture i not the mere gilded ornament of fancy or high wrought exaggeraiion; it is a plain matter-of-fact picture, simp.ly dran with the doli, every-dav pencil of homcly truth. tions note jts triumphant march over law, order, and the immutatile code of equa! ii" Pitt'a pronbecv. Mefl may talk f f the credit system being the prop and support of our new and uniiììed land; but, il that system is to pass between us aod the faint- est ray of liheity's glori.iua suo. Jet it b spredily.and fotever r.niahfd. We may noi al present he abìe lo ferceive ar.d place a jusl value ( u the evi!s of jbe bank ing yurnij bit, dej.rnd Upon it, that tf we cnnitnue to tiurke it bv special leginla tion, and I-ring it Into the boeom of onr fire iside rconotiìv, or grani it the coantenance of favor in any way, w sha'l learn toocr cosi that we have Uen wani.ing imo lifa the creature of revenge and death. We may perhaps reason ourvelvrs into day dream of necurity and repose; but cur time wiìl only the aooner tome; the deapo lin of ihiese numeyed institutìona will on ly grow the fasier and our liberties be come feebìer un i more impure. ( From ih Franklin Gtztl. ) We bave repeatediy been asked h question, what prcpar'ationa are making hy our coverrmeni for the protection and vindication nf our rights against the over bearingand ajgiessive policy pursned to wards ua by Creai Britain? Our answer hai of n ecessi ty invariably been, none Frequently we bave been tauntingly asked (tiestion somewhat similar lo the above by lories from Canada, and we have blush ed Kcarlet deep as we iliade the humiliat ing acknowledgment that our government wnsdoing nothing, abeolutely nothing, to mintoin the honor and protect the righi ol the country. Al the same time that wo bave made these ndmiasions, we could not lu-lji aying to oursell', had we but Old Hickory at the helm, my good lellows, your proud cresta would soon be lowered, your boastings would soon be huahed, and a third time would your bullying, bragging nation he taught tlie irresistabìe might there is in a f'reemeii's arm. But the aged sarje and patriot is not there; would to lleaven the mando of his spirit and patriot ìsm niiaht fall upoti his successor. But whai doe;j the conduci of our rulers mean? What means this strange and unaccounta ble ineensibility or indiflerence to the dan gers which threaten us on every band? Why are ur rights violateci, our soil in vaded, our citizen murdered, and large portions ofthe territory purchased by the blood of our Uevoloiionary fathers òccu pied by British regulara, wiih impunity? Why are American citizen taken tu arms ngninst the British government while en ffagrd in honorahle warfsre, aliowed to bo hunc np lik dogs within sight tf their homes, without interference or even re monstrance.on the pan of ourgovernment? We Ieave our readers io answer theae questiona to their own satisfaction. Our ownsuspicions we will not even breathe at presert.-God grani they may prove to be groundless. In the incarnirne et noi the peopk shut their eyes to ihesignuof the timee. A war with Great Britain is more than probahle. We are ready to grani our government will dodge it if tbev can; but we have stilf some little confi dente in the patriot ism cf Congress, but much more in the spii it and determination ofthe government and people of Maine, whose rights have been so grossly outrag. ed. War, we say, is more than prohable. This is admitted by many leading mem hers of Congress, and stili no measures ara adopted to rneet it when it comes. We stili bave confìdence in Maine, and our hope is that by ber firn and energetja con duci the honor nnd dignity cf the country may besaved, and the general government forced into an altitude which it scema de lermined, at aiy and very sacriCce of na tional honor, to avoid. From the N. Y. Spedator. GRADUA L ADVANCE OF RUSSIA TOWARDS INDIA. Accounts from Odessa furnish additional particularsof the expedition to Khivs. It consists uf 14,000 infantry, with the usuai proportion of artiìlery, and eeveral corpa ofcavalry, whose amount is éot Damrd, Eleven thousand carnels arenemployed for the roriveyance of stores and ammu nition. When the Russian have learned the way from Khiva to Afghanistan, which is the next stage in the road lo In dia. The stock of carnels will doubtless be increaseil, for the campaign against the iiiiimn aommions in tnat pan ofthe world. Il is not rue, as reported, that they bave reached the Tartar capital. Ruisian ìntrigue against British inter est is also in raotion in the lonian I!andsr ubidì are under the proteriion of England.' The late conspiraey against King Othor ostensibly for the purpse of sopplsnting the Roman church, ha been foand to bave extensive ramification in Corfu. The papera ol Couni Viario and Angustio Capod'Isiria bave been put under seal, wfiiie those nf the rhevaiiers Muxtoxidi and Petrizzojifiulo were seized and eon veyed to ihe palace of the Ird High Coromìssioner. The object of the conspi raey was io pisce upou the throne the Duke of Leuchtenberg, son-in-Iaw ofthe r.mperor of Kussia. Oa the 2jth Janoary, rnissionaries were settingout from St. Petersburgh to Prkin in order lo relieve their Irethren, who . t.