Canadian Itigli! and Canadian Iiidepcndcncc.
SWANTON, VT. JUNE 3, 1810.
PUBLISIIED BV H. J. THOMAS.
EDITED BY CANADtANS & AMERIGAJfS.
TIIK 50KTII AMKKICAM
Vrìce $ Hi) per an. in advance,
or $2 00 at the end of the ycar,
ind in likc proponimi far fur
ihfr delay of payment.
IIISTORY OF CANADA.
Messire Paquin, (Curale of St. Eus
taehe, L. C.) convinced thai he could gain
nothing with Dr. Chenicr, made up his
tnind to gì to Montreal the next day, with
lii broiher-in-law, Mr. Fere', &c. &x.
4lh of December. With ibi resolo
tion, the next 'nio'ning, Messire Paquin
prepared to make his way to Montreal;
hot at the very instant that he was going
ti leave he wai told that it would be im
Hifihle for liim to pò out of the village.
Dr. Chenier had spent the whole night in
tending eroissaries imo ali the dillerent
parta of ila county, and in gatheriog the
more resolute of his parlisans, to guard the
rauip he had esiahlished in the villane of
St. Eustache. He liad posted sentries at
ali the avenues of the village, ao that no
one coiild leave it wilhout a permil lo that
eìfect signed with hi own hand. Messire
I'aquin aked the Doctor for a permil to
leave, bui be wat promptly refused. The
Dr. caute lo the Presbytery with a drawn
svj irl io hi band, io accompany his refu
alwitli some explanations, and said that
he thought himself under the necesity of
o;moing that journey, which he believcd
w tald he liu rifui to bis cause. Messire
Psquin then liad a long; and animated con
versatimi with bini, in which he strongly
imisicJ ou the folly of the docjor's con
duci. He rcpresecited to bini ali the ca
laniiiiei he was bringirg on the parish ;
the villane would be sacked or burnì, and
a!I t!ie parish ptundered, &c. &c. After
repreenlitig ali the evita which were verv
wn t fai! on St. Cutache, Mr. Paquin
id to the doctor with great emotion :
' 1 accuse you, in presence of God and
meri, of ali these cnlamities." Il is you,1
Mr. Curate, whom ì holdrespontille, (an
swered Ite Doctor) you have injured us
trry much. '
The priest terminated by saying that be
would find ihe means of going to Mont
real, and that no one would be able to
prevent him ; ' IV eli, answered Dr. Che
nier, if no one else is brave enough lo do it,
I will ttop you mytelf."
Pa?e 19, under date of 5lh ' Decem
' The alarm aounded by the ringing of
the church-bells, which broughl a good
iiumher of inen. Mr. GiroJ had arrived
(rom Grand-Iìrule, and taken the cbief
romniand. He appeared very much irri
tated hecause the two priests had been al
levivi to leave the Presbylery, and he im
mediately seni Ih ree of his men with nr
deri io bring them back ; with a 6trict in-j-jctioa
thnt ifihe priests refused toobey,
io kilt thein. These three men were, the
nuf Jean Bte. Travcrsier.of LaGrande
Fremere, and Frantoi and Benjamin Ca
bia, his neighhors. They arrived atthe
dtmaine aboul half-past nine o'clock in
thervening, arni ed with gunaand seythes,
which ihey had m.de into awords. They
Hiidly cane into the preaence of Messire
Paqoin and Deseves, and imperiously
iransmitted to them the order of General
la Canada, when priests are tories, and
di not follow the mass of the people in
politica, they are noi better treated than
"tiier individuala, and hare far lesa ìnflu
face, as mar be seca page 21, where we
End the follówing :
M Messire Paquin and Deseveaaent and
f5ieJ the leave of goinjr lo Ste-Uose, bui
was peremptorily and hatlily refused."
Io the rebellion of 153S, did the priests
afluence their flock to desist fro.u their
Jstiie designa towards the British Govern
ment ? Who irti more patriolic ihan the
W(u of Beauharnais, Napierviile, St.
!eniin, and of tnacy other parishes
lich ao noWy raised the standard of re
aoee to English oppression, in the last
tiempt of the Canadiana to free them
àt froaa a foreiga yoke? Were not
one of thoae priea: taken priaoners, by
ir owa flock, and carried into aafe cua
y ? How did the raission of the Revd.
JHeph Vincent Qoibìier, ibe Sujierior of
Montreal Secninary, together with the
'e Revd. Mr. De Beìlefeaiil, ueceed, in
'wibterof 1S3S, when the were sent
T Sir Joha Coiborne himself, to Cham-1
Corbeao, aad Pìattsburgh, on ih'
New. York frontier, to try ar.d coax the
refugees to return to Canada, under the
protection of permita to tliat effect from
the Ooyemor bimdf,wh.wa then kepi in)
arm dy the news he rrceived o(
an intended invasion ,y ihe reluTC8 ?
Why, they were hooted and laughed at
by the refugees, the great majority of
whom brlongcd to tbiir church. It is an
illuaion, which wasspread by our encmles,
for ceruin obviour purposes, and which
the American people have awalloncd with
Ihc greatest avidily. At this lime, there Ìs
no such thing in Canada ns priesthj injlu
enee in politicai mailer. The very fact
that the whole French population are rad
icala, and n II wish at beart to aee the
end of Iìrilih rule in Canada, whilst we
can count more ihan balf a dozen Roman
priests in that country who partake the
politicai sentimcnls of their flock, ie, in
our opinion, a conyincing and incontrover
tible proof, that the Canadiana do not a
low themselvea to b'e dictated by their
ministers in politicai concerna, but consult
the good of their country before listening
lo a ny other ad vice.
Their conduct during the revolutionary
war of '7C, wliere, as now a days, the
Catholic Clergy was arrayed against the
well known wishes of the masso! l ho peo
ple, shows that then as well ns now, the
Canadiana acted lotally independent and
in open contempi of their ministers ad
vice. The last aulhorily we shallcite to pove
thal the Canadians are far , from being
prieil-ridden, will be an extract taken
from a puhlie letter signed Mutius, to His
Excellency the Honorable Charles Poulett
Thomson, the present Governor General
of the Canadas, on the subject of an Or
dinance which is on theeve of being passed
by the Special Council, in favour of in-
demnifying the catholic priests, of the St.
Sulpice Seminery of Montreal, for the
graduai extinction of the feudal tenureon
the island of Montreal, of which they are
the Seigniors. It is asserted by some that
the English government urges ibis mea
sure, which will prove profitable lo the
priests, because they are desirous of se
curing the good will of the Catholic Cler.
gy, who bave given so many proofs of
their unequivocal loyaliy to a crown whose
sole existence in Canada is the very life of
that reverend body.
The extract which we give below clear
ly establishes the fact that the politicai in
fluence of the Catholic Clergy in Canada,
over their flock s, is nuli. Il is found in
the Montreal Morning Couricr of SOih
March last :
" Here, is ariother eause of anxiety, in
regard to this Ordinance. I have etaled
one cause, in a preceding paragraph :
ihis is arnher. Were there the propcr
spiril of freenien, throughout the mass of
my feilow-countrymen, I should care but
little, for the ita of your Exrellency's
mimi, towards the claims of the Seminary.
Why ibis bias, it will be asked ì Ah !
this, I am apprehensive, is the dark spot in
your policy. You, Sir ! bclieve, that the
Roman Catholic Priesthood possess great
influence over the population ; that this
injluence may be exercised, prejndicially
to Imperiai objects and wiil be, tinless
the goblet of pecuniary reward be regally
full ! I, Sir ! believe very dill'erenily. For
merly, I thought as, I fear. your Excel
lency now thinks ; but, I have been an
inlctesled 6pectator of ihe erenf of the
last live years, and I appeal to those
et enti, as facls, damaing lo thefidelity of
the French Canadians, and' damnalory to
the existence of that influence, your Ex
cellency believes, the Priests possess over
them. Sir ! you are told so, by them,
and their adherents, by the bigotled, and
designine, but, what say facls.
" Facts are chiels that winna ding,"
is the remark of a Poet, but there is noth
ing poetica! in the remark.
Facta f Sir ! Facts ! proclaim, trura-pet-tongued,
the baselessness of any
such iufJuence; but, Godof Heaven! if
they do possess sneh an influence, are you
about to lend yourself, so that an influence
as disgracef ul, to the objecta of ila action,
as la the engineera who move ita prings,
thall be rendered yet more pernicious, by
the addition of eaormous weaith
What can be thought of a country,
where the w hole population thinks by the
brain tf a priesthood ! How deplorable
the coniiiioa of such a population ! One
woold Iiope a Whig Mìniater f England,
would act, as does the gallant searran,
wlen the main-mast la overhoard, a;uing
Irk iti flifci.itt Artt j.nt ti"t. A. -, W t
.1- invilir, .iju wi.n. niv 1M?UU
rk-ar the wreck : .ne wnU!, exrect. Sir.
j to iee voti, amnr.g the blows of a tharn
i ?xp ith a nervous arrn, al this borribie
I bavespoken ofacf. -These are, that,
at Napierviile, at Ueauharnai, at St. Eu
tarhe, and et other place, we have een
the rural population noi only scout, laugh
al, and ireat with derisiti, "that supposed
induence, by opposìtion and insull, bui
carry it even to personal restraint, of
tneir Murales !
The facta referred to, denmnstraie that
the influence you are suppoaed to believe
in,does not exist. Whenever the
feelings ofa people, run counter to the
policy of the Priesthood, of any country,
(however nunk in bigotry and ignorance,)
the influence of the Priesthood ceasea to
eubdue. This ìs truth, Sir ! a alt bis
tory : "
We have the testitnony, even of the
Editor of the Montreal Herald, to prove
that the Canadians do not listen to their
priests, when the politicai opinionsof these
difler from tho6e of the mass of the peo
ple. The follówing extract is from the
"Jbstraet of the Montreal Ilerald" o the
9ih Aprii, 1840:
On Sunday last, Mr. Ginguef, the
priest stalioned at St. Charles, on the Ri
ver Richelieu, addrcssed hi congregation
after the performance of Divine Service,
callingon them to sign, or ralher append
their crosses to, the pelition, which he
had, against the reunion of the province;
stating, among other gross mÌ3reprcsen
taiionsand lies, that the reunion lended to
ake away their feliaion. From the dis
regard the habilans of ihat section of the
country paid lo the relieious advice o!
their priests, before and during the two
rebellions, we do not think they have
much religinn lo pari with, although they
may maintain the form."
We hope we have successfully proved
that the Canadians were not attached to
the English Crown, and that they have
foughttwhh the Americana. We bave
also established beyond ali doubt that the
Canadian people are not dictated by their
priests, but that, on the contrarr, they
treat their religious teaebers as they would
other men, when these are opposed to
them in politicai matlers.
It now rcmain8 for tis to show what
have been the real causes of the failure of
the Canadian campaign of '76. This ia
our fourtli proposition.
To be Conlinued.
BRITISH POWER IN AMERICA.
Tho Montreal Courier contami tbo lollowing
letter, addremed to the Commandcr-in-Chief of
ilio liritish American provine!. We publish it,
because it contains good Jeal of information, and
indicates in plaia termi, the policy of Great
Britain, in case of a war with this country.
To His Excellency Sir 7?. Jackson, k.c.b.
Commander-in-Chief of the Forees.
Sin, I proceed to the 8'trvey of the
power of Great Iiritian in America. The
i'our British Provinces present a continu
oiis front to the United States, of more
than a thousand miles. From the mouth
of the St. Croix, to Michilitnackinac, the
distnnee isconsiderably greater than that,
but let tis deal in round numbers.
The bonndary between British Ameri
ca, and the United States, is, eilber an im
oginary line, or a river merely; except,
where the broad expanse of the Lakes On
tario and Erie, intervene.
Thun.-fur no lessextended a space than,
at least, one thousand miles, are the
British possessions, assailable. At any
point, along this Irontier, an enemy can at
tack, without other hindrance, than what
the personal bravery of the Bntons would
There is no mountain barrier ;a Cham
paign country, from one extreme to the
other, inviies the foe, ambilious of con
quest. On one side of this boondary, ia a pop
ulation, exceeding, numerically, as ten is
toooe, the British Colonisls. The Prov
inces, throughout the entire range, from
east to west, are, but a a beh of territorv,
between the enemy and the northern wil
derneas. An enlerprising enemy, will, probably,
sever the communication between thepor
tions of the Provinces, on either side of an
artny, thrown into the provincia! territorv.
Along this extended bouodary there are
no places of slrength, but Iste auz Noii,
near the outlet of Lake Champlaia. and
Kingston, at the easlern extremity ol'
Lake Ontario. Quebee, is the only óther
fortre, witbin theprovince. Theieare,
it ia true, two i r ihree frta or fortilìcd
pota benide ; but they are imi enti
tied lo mudi conidefalion. Thefce are,
Fori Weiliiìgton, al Preacott, aad Furi
M al.icu, at Amlierstburgh.
The population ol the two Canadas dte
not greatly exiecd, if il diva at ali, 1 ,000,000
of ouls. The Jower provinre de not,
probably, contain more than bali a uiii
lion. Of the entire BritUh American provin
cia! populatin, f ully nc tbird, apt-ak iLe
French language, and do not stiaic,
ihe Engliah. 1 make no further aìiuaton to
ibis fact, at this lime, you wiil Ieri,
perbopx anxiouslv that ibe ìttnver of
lireat Britain, io America, i not increastd
Upon the attive hostility of ibe Bfi(ih
colonista lo the Rejiublican fe,I think, your
Excellency may calcitiate wnii ceitaiuty;
but, more of this, ai:on.
Under such circunuiances, the foresi,
which stili cover even a farge portion f
the seltlcd parts of the teriiiory, is a pro
tection, and a resource. A brave yeo
manry, ardenl to spili the blood ol the in
vader, would neutralie ihe action of even
a well appointed and numerous bostile ar
my, embarrassed in its operations, by he
foresi ebaracter of a territorv.
The Kubstonce of the British army, and
of the inhabitanls, is not the least iinpor
tant considetation, in tha investigation ol
the power of Great Britain in America, in
ibe event of a war wish the United State.
The provinces cannol turnisti. the upplien
of au arrny. These were chielly derived
from the United States, when Great Brit
ain waged war with them, in 1812, IS13,
nnd 1S14. Subsislence, troni the sanie
quarter, is not to he depended on, in the
event ol future liosiility.
I have mentioned the aubsistence of the
British colonists, as an ohject ol solicitude
likewtse. The aclive miliiary aemistànce,
the colonisls will heealled upon to render,
will inteifere with the cullivation of their
farms. The devastatinn cuut.ed by irruji
tions of the enemy, or, by portions of Ibe
province, being the theatre u( active war
lare, must be taken into account. It is
not unlikely, that the subsislence of the
inbabitanta and the troojis, will cause
1 have now alluded lo the British Amer
ican territory, population, and retources.
Fully twenty five thousand Britit.li sol
diers, in adililion lo provincia) defenders,
would be necessary lo repel invaxion ; and
wbether, even wiih tbrt large lorce, the
entire territory could be maintained, is
douhtful. I have already described it, ns
a narrow beli ol land, between the north
ern wilderness and the enemy. To distri
bute 25,000 men along a Irontier ol up
wards of 1000 miles, will be, to friiler
away their slrength, and powers of resist
ance or altack. To concentrate them,
wil! necessarily compel the abandonmeut
of considerale portions of the territory.
The warfare of Great Briiai, aìong
this frontier, 1 infer, from the rircumsian
cea enumerated, would be defensive.
Let rne now point the glass in anotber
direction ; towards the ocean towards
the maritime power of Great Britain.
This arm of power is truly formidable.
The fleets of England would place the
immense seafront of the United States
in much the same position, in which an
immensely extended frontier placet Brit
ish America. The sanie facilily lo the en
emy, to etrike an efiective blow, upon any
one poinf, in anyo'ie locality, conferred
by that extensiveness, would'be airorded
to the fleets of Great Britain, acting on so
vast a aeaboard.
The events of ihe war with the U. S.
haveahown, that the American commer
cial marine can be swept, with a broom,
from the ocean ; and, that a blockjde, so
eflicient as to prevent the entry or exit
of vessels, to or from their ports. can be
maintained. It is within my knowledge,
that the U. S frigate Constellation, inef
fectuallv attempted, tbottgh perseverin?ly,
during the greater period of the war, to
eseape to sea ; the President, frigate, vain
Iv attempted to einde the British squadrnn.
The vigilance, the ekill, with which the
blocade waa maintained, extorted praise,
even from the foe.
But the immense sea front of the U. S.
offera facilitiea of annoyance. such as no
enemy would overlook. An army of 10,
000 could keep the entire coast, from Pas
samaqooddy to New Orleans, in a state of
alarm ; and, necessarily, (at vasi cost)
tbe population generally, wonld be under
arms. A landing eflected in Delaware,
would draw troops from Pennsylvania,
Maryland, Delaware, Ne Jersey. Sud
den émbarkation and tranportatinn of tbe
same troops, to the Penobscot, woukl
eause the assemblaee of the military, from
New Hampshire, Massachusetts II Maine.
Feints, by a amali force, would produce
tbeeffecu, frequentar, of aa actual inva
sion, by a large army.
Tbe warfare of Great-Britain, a'ong the
Atlantic coast of tbe Unitrd Sta; 1 ia.
frr, from thee ciretimatancee, woukl b
This fjftmiveness would roott power
fuìiy relieve the dfftniiveness f our pian,
on the land tace ol the United-Statea. It
would at Icofct, restore tbt equihbriuin
ot, by the relative wraknris of Jìritìih
.VerA Jmtrie, in compariaon wìlh tb
Grtat lìepvllie. ....,
Ttirn we, now, to the torve of tha
powers of resistatice, or of altack, peastsa
ed by the United States.
The cendaney of Great Britaio, on
the ocean, wunld neutralità the power of
evil, v. Iiich other wise, the United Stetti
would po,rs, in en rminent degree.
The commerce of Great Britain would,
niidoubtedly, sufler considerai! front pri
voteersaud tiationaf veshcls, which u
der i over of night or torto, or by the aid
of chance, might eseape lo eea. Th
free-liooters and maraudera of other lia
lions, would avail themselvea of the United
States' Ltllers rf Marque, io cruize
againtit Britit.li commerce ; but, notwith
siauding these circumtance8, I think,
the Marine of Great Britain sufiìcienlly
powerlul, to prevent more than a parlili
lons. The use of Slesia wiil interfere)
considerably with the business ol priva
tcert nien ; perhaps, to such an extent,
an to protect the commercial marine, ttlì
cicnily, fiom the maurauders. 1 cunctìve,
the naval ascendancy of Great Britain
would extract the fangt of the United
States, in ao far as injury Jrom her men
tirne arni isconcerned.
The operations of the Republie, on il
Atlantic face, will, therelòre, be wholly
drfensive. On the Provincia! frontier,
they will be tbereverse, ojjensive.
1 diali defer to another occaion, further
survey of the powers of - resistane?, or
altack, possesed by the United States.
The military operatane of Grcat-Btit-sin,
on the Atlantic face of the United
State, will be ojfensive ; within her land
domain, it will he difensive.
I contemp!ate,in fulurenumbers,entering
into a paiticular investigation of the prob
alle military operations, both in the Uni
trd State, proi'eeding from BritUh inva
sion : arni in British America, proceedint
from invasion by the Republic ; and I aliali
iherefore, coment myself, al this tinte, by
referring to the two other tneans of caua
nz serious trouble to the enemy, poasesa
ed bv our country.
The lave population of the Southern
Stateli, lies like a slumbering beast of prey,
within their very bosotn. If aroused,
hungry for LiEEnTr, it will tear and
lacerate that hosom, tearfully. A few
black regimeuls, some hundreds of drill
sergeants, a hundred thousand stand of
arms, and abundance of gold,-would
a fiord ampie occupatton for the military
ardour of the Southern State. I atop not
now, (in fact 'tis foreign to my object,)lo
dincuss the suggestiou 0 arming the lave
population of the United States, against
lAttr owners, philanthropically. The pian,
I think, will he, to arm them first, and
diicns the philanlhrojiy of the measure,
'I he Indian population, which has been
expelled from the bontes of their tace,
entertain frelings towards the U. Statee,
such as the moat bitter enemy of th
Republie, would desire, should animata
their bearla. If Brittannia but boldt tip
her finger, and poihts to the common ene.
my, not more proni pi will be the rush of
the bull dog at the ohject of his animosity,
than their, upon tbe remorseless Republi
The neon of annoyance to tbe U. S.,
described in the fast two paragraph, mar
be plarerf to the credit of the POWER.
OF ENGLAND IN AMERICA in the
balanct, belween her power on tbiacon
tinent, and the power of the United States.
II your excellency isnotexpertatcarryinj
amounts to the credit of a balance-shcet
the governor general will assi&t vou. '
I am air, your ob't serv't,
NORTH EASTERN r?niTV
I. By the treaty of S3 the treaty of
peace the boundary now io dispute was
regarded by both panie as.fixcd, cletr,
aod well established. The boundaries ol'
Quebec, of New Bronswick and Massa,
chusetts, alldepend opon the very point s
now disputed by the British.
II . For a loug period il waa never de
med nay, it wasformally ADMITTED
by tt.eBritish,a a point not to be ques
tioni, that the line running from Mar
IMI to the Hig blandi, crossed the river St.
III. Next, the British trìed to obtaia
such a part of the territory now in dispute,
as would secure a communication between
Nova Scoila, New Brunswick and Que
bee. They did not pretend to efairn it.
IV. At tbe treaty of Ghent, tbey ask si
CFSSION. Tbia being refused, ther
ask for sn EXCHANGE of territory.
xml | txt