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NO II TU AMERICAN. TbUbsìag rrfwed, they began 11 l,e aorae M dbt whrthT the tririlnry they are kìffitoff ftr. DOKS NOT ALREA D r UF.LONG TO TU KM !" V. Nt beine e Me l beg, porrai, or cip?. The feeling io hia favor bas barn latente, ad hi iiberaltoa hai highly grat ifird rotoil rvrty bdy. l.i ibis vìHafeil was batteri with delight, oii Hi e thunder of aftiilery trdiSed lo to'ieson footh side boy what they wsaied so much, tlr had Jof ih fine the piranurr ni ih op!e. bat out oort le fi. They look p-io W are hi tir curioua to know what itboofleavt ; commiioned magistrate haa wroughl ao immediate and nexpecled od militi officerà, ioeorporated parishe, tot t'onber aoJ levicd taira. VI, Theae thingswere reslsted by Ms sachoMi's and Maine. The trepacr were eaptored and their trama sold io psy ex pente. But Sir Howard Dotigli, a mditsry man, bitg ih Uovernorof New Bronswick, itw tbe importsnce of the eommonicatìon referrrd to, and detrrmio ed io krep it prn at ali hazards. VII. The Òuestiort having been refrr- red io the king of the Netherlanda, who ai ih vrrv lime wss a Old marhal in the Britiah aro, and acluaily waitiiig the a ijdkaiion of Great Unum, upon a ques tion oflerritory bel ween hiin and Bel;;iuin hi oiBjesty decided, what ? in favor of Creai Britain, hi conimandrr-in-chicf, ali, and jodge ? N, but against ber, in mach a he wrntoul of hi way to de cide a quesiion never submittrd lo him to recommend a compromise, by spintine the difference-. Now, would hi Majesty have decided in this way, had there bern so mo;hai a tolerahle pretest for deciding in favor of Grrat Britain7 Vili. Meanwhile, Madawanka ia incor porated'by Maine, and the arresto! Baker ta tnade br t!te Provincia! authoritie of New Brunswick. Govrrnor Lincoln ol Maine, lemonalratet ; the General Govern ment beeins to open ila eyrs to the aggressi onaof N. Brunswick ; the release of Baker isdemanded, and compensaiion made for hia iropnsonmenl. IX. Next an arraneement- li entered intobetween Mr. Livingston and Sir C Vaoghsn, whereby the very jangusge employed to lirnit the jurisdicton of the ffl.!.!.U J ..hJ..,Ia,I 1. . iknnt X.tnt'tf.i UrllIKn, la uuucim"J ujr imiu " juatujr aliti forther encroachmenis. Thia bring out tha Goveruor of Maine the Scnate of ne United Siate Sir John Harvey anc Oen. Scott and there the mailer ended jost aboot a year ago. X. And here we mav as well stop however it may be wiih the past, ihe FU TURE wi be remembered bv must ol or Peonie : and wi ih them we It'ave it with thia one remark ; that alihough ihe territorv in dispute containa noi lesa Ihan eeven milliona of acrea beine a fourlh Urger tban the vinile of Maachuseits, and aboirtt'vice the aize of Connecticut well timbered, rich land ; belier timbered and richer land by far ihan i to be found in any part of New Engiand alili ihe land itself iaof no value compared wilh its importane in a mililary point of view as a frontier, and with the grcat principle involved in the controversv. r or if Grcat Britain may queation tht8 bounJary now, what mav he not iiueslion hereafter? OUR DECLARATION OV INDR PENDENCE, perhapa. LtTHta!-N Y. Stffnal. aehanee in the mind ofMr. Var Borrn in fciii.o to ihe case of Mr. Mackin t'w. Ll aumnirr ihe peiiiiona ol the jeuple and the apprala f il e prea vrere a.lJrrd lo him, askinn pardon for ihe priaonrr, bui theie he Irraied with con irmpt. The ccfiificaie of reaperiable phyticians nere furtiihcd lini, ataiinu ihaiMr.M'Ken?.ir,(cnStiemrnt w. ii.cou iftrnl with hi heallh, bui these loo vven- durt-garurd, and no miiigaiion of thecap- tive'a uni fi) ce was orderrd. few individuala, who, from Frùm the Franklin Gazctle. MR.MACKENZIE L1BERATED. It is announced in the Alhany Argus rtid Si Lawrence Republican that the Preaidentof Ihe United Siatea has at laat released the patriot Mackenzie Croni impris onment. W e bave not learned when thia look place, nor are we informed what E articolar reasona have inducrd Mr. Van iaren at thia tiene todo an act which he had so lony and ao unjustly delayed. From the manner in which the informa tion ia staled thoe- papera, we cannot doubt its corrreetness, and whaiever may bave been ihe motivea of the Executive in resistine perlinacioualy and aullenly, Cor so many nioniha, the petitiona of the people and the demanda of public aentiment, in behalf of Mr. Mackenzie, and however dif fidali it may be to account for this audden change of bis vie ws in renard to the injured and oppressed exile in atich a way aa lo render bis release a measure entittin; its aulhor to thanks or credit, it would be in conaistent wilh our feelinj; and our duty not lo express the gratifìcation which an event ao desirable and joyful U calcalated toprocloce. We have aympathized with Mr. Mackenzie in hia coofìnement, and we join wilh him io rrioicing for hi restora tion lo freedom. Ile has su (Ter ed Ione i and severlv for bis devotion "lo the cause of American Freedom, and that loo in a land whoteaoilhas been jjenerously enriched by torrenls of Wood.shed in ila defence; bot he le avrà the walla of bis odious dun Ueon theaame enthusiaslic and fearleas ad vocate ol republican pinciples that he en tered them. Denoonred in hia own coun try as a felon, and a price set ton bis hesd hnnted and peraecuted in this Repuhlic br the harpies of the law, and incarcer ted for oearly t twelve-monih in a dem ocratic priaon, bis noble and intrepid apir it remains anbroken, and hia holv and lof- a ... a. i ty oeaigna are uncnaneeti. tiara imi no just as bas been the treatment which he bas received at the banda ol those who owed him ofEces of kindness rather than the grona wrong and tyranny which they bave ioflicted opon him, he hai borne hìro elf manfolly throughoat, never for a mo ment forf ettine that jodìcial condemnaiiort for Ihe acU wilh which he waa charged did not diihonor, and that bis sn.Terings bot tbe more endeared him to the'friends of liberty. The news of Maekenzie'a release was re etired in this qtjater with universil rejoi- Acain, du ring the pr'nt rsiion of Corigre, Gen. Kenn, of Penavlvania, called upon the Prevident with a petition from the Uem ocraiic Aaaociation ol Philadelphia in favor ol Mr. Mackenzie. The Presiderà re-lus-d lo grant him any relief. Ilis.ex cue waa, ' ihai in the preumt juncture of our nrirotiaiiona with Enfiami it would be impropcr to interfere wilh ihe action ol our coorla of juKtice." But Gen. Keim iniiiuaied lhatiM Governnr Generalo ine Lanadm vould HKQUEST Mackemie' release il would be granted. What macie influence can il he, then, which han heeu working uion Mr. Van Buren with sudi gralifving eflccl? What power has raised up helore hia vision, tu perior to the Governor General of the Canada, and even lo the pellicani sove tein of England ? It i THE PEO PLE. Yen, thank God, our country men are vel r REE, and THE SOVEREIGNTY IS IN TlJElit HANDS. Once in four years thev are omnipotenf, and ihen. rf no oftener, llieir voice muht be nheved. The Preaiiiential eleciion ia atoroachinir and Mr. Van Buren has the aagacity to dis- cover that he now needs the suonort r.f Wiose friend whom heliax olienated by hi British fiolicy. The peonie of the froniier, for iheir attarhment lo revolulionarv priu- ciples, and their assintance to the cause ofstrugeling and down-trodden freedom in the Canailas, have been reproached and insulted by the adniinistration, ex posed to ihe evils of a stantliiiff army nuar- lered amony them, and fuhjected lo a halefu! mililary despoiism, and il h but naturai, it ia hut ri?ht, ihat they should reseni the foul iniiMiice which has been done them. Like freemen and iatriots they have proclaimed their deteslaiiou of ihe base and inianious eo-operntion of the trovernment of the United State wilh that ol Great Britain, in crushinir rehell lon and supprettsing free principlea in Can ada, and tbough, for a lime, the Pfesiilent las treated iheir eomplaints with apparent indifference and 6Corn, we are proud to ay that the lime has at lenrih arrived, as we were well asured il would, when even the people of ihe froniier, reviled and wronijeo a they have been. can claim aome little consideration at Washington X housands of the beat and trnest demo- crais in the union have been driven. bv the foreign policy of the admiuistraiion. from the ranks ol its supporterà, to a posi lion with which it will he meonsistent for ihem lo aupport either of the Presidential cond.'date8 now befure the country, and Mr. van buren must be aware or ihe far.t. o win back Ihose whose conndence he ha thus lost, may b considered, in the present siate of parlies, au ohiect ol" the first importance in reference lo the fall ìections. Measures which willbe accent ahle to them must therefore he adonted lence the release of Mackenzie. Sa much for a firm and perseverin? adher- ence lo a goKl cause. Had ihe frontier dem ocrais become ditcouraged, hecause their numbera were few as compared wilh the whole country, and given up the contest hopelesiì, Mackenzie would have re mai ned eighteen montha in prison. But they were noi lo be deterred Irnm the per lormance of their duties as republican free men by such consideraiiona. True, they were told that the few disafTicled indi viduala on the frontier were of 100 little consequence to have any influence in the federai councils. True, it was tauntinglv Baid that the ayinpathy for Canada extend ed not beyond the first lier ol'coiiniies al.ing ihe line, and that ali their cllorts would produce nocfleci ujxin the country at large. True, they" were ridiculed for opposinif measures which ali parlies acquieaced in. Tnie,they had to encnunter the eneerg of a vile and unprincipled class of citizens who think il loo old-fashioned and vulgar to fol lo tv in ihe footrteps of our revolutionarv fathers. True, every ihing went advernely toihe cause of liberty, and their continuai diaappointmenta drew upon them the bitter taunts of their opponenti. Bui yet ihey persevered, lor they knew that il would not sdways he so. Ihey feri that, thoogh l'or a while their oppositi in io thecomhined movement of ihe Briiish and American governrrwnts against the Canadiao Patriota and iheir friend, migl.t he only a suhject of inrrrimenl to Mr. Van Buren and hia ministeri, sooner or later ihe lime will arrive when the Execu tive would be forced loyield lo ineir de manda. The resull is as they anticipated, and now is the day of their Iriurnph. Mackenzie ,i free, not by the grace ol th? Presi.lent, frerly and volunlarily granted, bot in contesi tience of the determii ed and nfeariog actinn of the frontier democracy. In this reult of a generoo and learieis roaiBtainar.ce of tbe tight, is exemplified ihe power and infloer.ee which' may wiridrd by a pure niotivet caffè in a common cause. ad direct their rfl.ota to ihe attne end. hia highly probahle tht Mr. Vati Bu ren' action is ihe cae of Mackenzie, haa bero mmewhat haatrred by the move iiienu which hewaw going ori in Cungrce. Smce ihe corr.iiirnceiitcrl oflhe t.eion a large number ol mrnioriala have been pre aecied to buih IIone, aaking their intrr po.uion in In behalf, and from the rrsolu tiu of Mr. Norril in ihe Scnate, and ihe niutii ti and (emaik of Mr. Cushiug in ihe Ho une, it was eiidcnt that mething was tu hedoncoii ihe auhject. Ita dicus siòn mighi noi have hetufnied ihe Presi dent, and il wasquite probahle that tetIu tion would have pasMed bolli branche ef lite leiiislaiure demandine Mackenzie' release. To prevenl discusitn, and e cuie bfifratrfol lo Mr. Cushing, becaose be was tiios prrvented Irom doing wnaine grner ouiily and kindly intrnded lodo. He haa ihi-ir ckLowletlcenirata and thankd, and uill held bv them in that eiiniation which he so strongly merits. CorrrMoiit!cncf. Anolktr lelttr Jrom a Cndim sf, cosctcntD. ' In 1812, Jawn Stuart wia iiP ifi(!ff . the majority of the Hou. rf à.. . T. PATRICK DAY IN ALBAN V. which brooght a .erie. .r " -r' Among the guest prebenlat ihe splendidLg.ina, ,he mal-conduci f ,k:,- dioner given by the Society, Gov. Seward jvipj(( an,i olflpr f "J" 'e was the moaidiétinguiahedv and bijeech 1911 he atao broueht a t.Slt . - . ... , ai containentimenl and promulgale pnn ciple which every liberal soul wìllcheiish. So says .Macketixte't Lazelle. Extract front Gov. Seward'$ Speerh. Whv khould aliepation exitl between native and adopU'd citizen ? We are ali of one race. We have ihe asme passioni, hope interents, responsibilities, duties, & tlfciioiiK. Uistaiii a our native isnu arri;i;. againnt Ihe chiefjuatice f the u. '. a it . ... .l . . . ' - . CJrwrn : uui uiene coninlami cr liKter.ed to by ihe Engli,,!, Government I. coulj alleciions. uisiaiu b uur mine I the popularity of granting a pardon aie asunder, there ia no longer an ocean to hirtiell, by dopting Ihemeaaure bel'ore a cali of Congrega hould be made, we lliink il not unciiaritable to assiso as the cause that Mackenzie isso suddently liner ated. ilow - iiiiich credit ihe Prenidenl can claim lor ibi act it is not diflìcull lo deterniine. t.t'i. -. i- . . . compiamia coulj nm nov br im I ' i . "rri ttnrAitMl I hit .1! i" -k -..... ...v uni CDir -llikl:!- . IV "i ir; provn ce, jame Stuart ? .... And woulu be the reault, ìf justice vail in, that i.'l-fated country ? In 1816, Jsmes Stuart, tocether Jacques Viger, look an anive pailii,,,, were men canea linei ac ni iK.. n. .-. .... w, e nel Sherwood and Hugues Hene? Tk Mailer is now Grand-Voyer fot the of Three-Rivers. Tbene writ iti.. , . . OlBfif beiwern u. l-od has noi made u such ii,at our nioral and inlelleciual facullie must drooo. or such ihal we musi Ione our virtues when we leave the spoi, or ihe Government, and the Rovai familv country, tv bere we were born. The whole These lihels were tvritten by Menn i " earth 1 lite nome 01 man, auu ne inuy 1 risiiti ullv seek haopiness, and do good, in We conirnenced the iiulhcalion of (hi m.y p art of bis broad heritage. As to us, pnper wnh a hincere disposinoli to gite the however it may have been herelofore, we iiaiional adniiiiitraJÌon a fair and elfìcieut have now one Constilulion to mamtain, supjHirt. unii tt domehtjc policy we one Country to defend. 1 ou may txclude under ihe lille nf TA r have been baiiBiìed. and that we have uni- (mm f mlendar of'vour Sainis. ministeri I onssw foiiidy 6utained. The odious measures whose trachini I venerate, and I may ol neuirality which il hasadopted and cu-1 not reveie ali the Christian talhcrsac- forced, its neglect of our national obliga- knowiedged by your Church, yet what- tions and the rights of Maine in relerence ever there is righi in the ereed, or-pure to the boundarv uueslioti, and the manner and accentable in the worship of eilher, in which il has home the Caroline out-1 1, ihe ame divine aulhoniv. and- 1 im- , . . - w r rage and other oBre8sioii8 which bave hued wiih the aanie nrecious houes l and been conimi) ted uponusby the British au- as 10 oli the points whereon wedifler we ...ii.iio in uoiioim. mie uiri ohi urtiuni iBrf in eiiKe mniaiicu noni juuzinir eacn disajiprobation.- We regret that its course other. Why should the native American ineertrd bas been such as lo tmpair our confidence indulse preiudice against loreigner ? It init. 1 hai il has been o we bave olten i to hate siich ns hi forefat ber were. were ofterwards in me ùpeelateur ; but as they ttt bt- commgsironger andstronger, the Ediion 01 those papera were alnid t .,.,i.t them; they were printed on separateihrr!,, which were issued by Lane JWm who had a printing-office in St. Frarcoii Xavier Street. Tbe criminal court of the Districi ri Montreal look bold of ibis affair, and un. der the pretesi ol libel, ali the Editori printer, joorBeymen and appreniice of the several printing-ofTìces of the rily tvfrr arrested and brought to the coiirt.,oi!M declared, nnd now repeai. And we l'eri Why abould a loreigner dislike native cit bourul larlher to say, that it is noi by lite iens ì Ili bui lo hate sudi as hi chil hberaiion ol Mackenzie, glad as we are dren. born here, must be. mai ne is again aiiioeriy, mal me annuii- For my own pari, I should be no true istration will become eniitled 10 that unre- Anu-riran. il' 1 did not feel towarda vour served devotion tviih ivfTich we l'ormely country and ber sons as I always speak ol by a constabh?, who had no orratiffor irgmucun. ve can oiseover no meni in meni, niave pad some ojiportunity to sodoing. an act dono 8()lfl V tO rain VOlea. We L.,n cimuiliinir l'rnni Knlli on.t t,urlCirm I -5 - ' " I KUI II QinilVIIM" .l'MM U' -ti. II1.IIIUIV I A..t I must'havebelter evidence than that, ol know your moiives and reasona l'or exoa- Al ,nis lime ,l 10 bapjened that hmrt repentancefor past error, before we bhall hriatton. I shall never forget ihe indigna- Stuart waa- abeent from Montreal, bui in besaushedol ila-future good mtentions. Nion with which I looked upon the monu- the afternoon of th t sanie dav he arrivi VVripn II liliali ainnira fio C a mi! ,a mneoo C . U . -.. I. : . ! fl.l 1 II I I ' t"0,,t" ere. uohold the Boveroi.rntv ntflln.. ., Lr .Lv. ,...J. ,nfl l,rciedtil immediatedly to the court- ber enlire territorv, repudiale ivs tyrannical which graces the College Green in Dublin, ""se where ,ie was appnned of whtt ss neuirainy poiicy, anu piace the ueneral Und bear an inscription purporting that it BoinK on- ne pnsoners had Ix-eneon vuvriiiiiii-iu urinai unirne 01 guaroian- was erected lo commemorate the restora- n ned in a rooru, waiting to be rsilcd ohod kIiIII rilP (du l'i-iia.L rvi nini f 1 . I . t I 1 . . . I .11.... I .1 ..Il' L . i I ' v;i ; : " ..u t : :...v.! .,o.n o,.i,D5ri,v ar r,e r: " :,,hnm.e"1 ol re-l,) in.errogatio,,. i..- ' 1 ' ... it ugni ugnili hi irt-iiimi, hv h iiiiìiui 111 waiiK. ..)... . ... . , , , lo assume, we wiil suooort it with a .! p...,(.m I .rr. I ....J,nff r'en correcl infoi ma tion ihe whole 11 - - - l ion.jioin n voum it-s, nuutiri , , which bhall be surpassed (by none. that such a nior.ument should be regarded ProcPpungs m their cose, J. Stuart derùfed tv neiner u snau uoso or not, our r.ourse as a perpetuai inault io Ireland nnd Irish- Ihat the court had no risili to hate Ihm w . oe s fa.gru jorwaru, and we can as- ien, and that, lor more than UDO years, il arrested, atd that every one ef tìumhcj tureour mentis ìhat lifiiili 11.4 urlmi mou li.. u ... ., ..,. .. r.. 1, ! :. .1 J while we continue to coinmand te " " Z' undouhted riSht to go tetto hi, m umns of the Gaette, it shall remain the March, to preserve it front demoliiion. f Al lllfSfm tbe whole oftU sieadfast and f'earless advocate of derno- And that maieatic nalaee. ihe Parlimnfnt prisoners. amounn'nir io himiihirt. mrk .. -ir, .. : . 7 : r ' '- - cratic principles. Rensselaer Van Rensselaer, who has been lor about six months in prison at Al- bany for a violation of the neuirality law, nas aiso been releaseil and hi une remitted by order ol the President. House Ihe Capitoh of Ireland when I saw it converted into a Bank, and its stia- cious halls, ihat once resounded wilh Irish eloquence, now fìl leti with money-changers, my munì reverted to the night when an ! . 1 ineir nau and went away, in spile ol ile constables, who endeaveund to ommn Iheir leaving. I hall al way recnllecith comical scene. This contemot of the sa- 1 IION. CALEB CUSHING. Ihis eentleman is a member of the 1 airiot. It is true, he belongs to the whig repealed, and Irish parliamenta and Iri ish party, to ihe leading and fundamental prin- liberty were restored. I bave heard Dan ciples of which we are decidedly hostile, out we trust we shall never become so much of a partizan that we cannot appre- ciate meni in a politicai opoonent. Mr. Cushing has pariicularly distiniruiahed hinisell by bis course upon our foreign re lation. We bave notired wilh nieasure ihat themovements of England, whether opon the Eastern or the Western conti- nent, exciie bis vigilant attention. He steadily watches her policy, and ever as some new design of aggrandizement or encroachment becomes apparent, bis voice is raised lo warn hi oountrvmen of the In this lei truonnell proclami Ina counirv'fi wrongs in the JJritish Parliamenf, and if he be eloquent us vou believe, and in truih he is so, how coold I lail to sympathize with bis elioris for ber emancipation ? When emigranti! from such a country a country of brave, generous, and ititellectual mcn, conquered, degraded and oppresseti, seek liberty and bapiness bere, why should we refuse them a cordisi and a generous greeting. Is it because mogi of those who seek our shore are poor and of low estate ? Let 6uch ai can, trace their pedigree inroucrn tnree generations, and iind cause u-.iucr. unni ne eiiiious a patriotism o nr de n aiieh an rridn ... .r,,i fi... . . .1 . '"""'n o" ..ur.nr w1n1.11, wc irgrtri 10 say, are:mean a sentunent. I hnvf minrh many of our public! nere. l'hriu tvh Indeed, we think we may justly misfortunes have no need to .h.minu. rn tr t a r. I j 1 1 g n t i . li a 11 tur mvMr- . ir i r.a(i in Irish Parliament. corrupted by Enelisli in- thoritv nence, beirayed theii country imo a pro- was considered by ali a boia sten. Be vincial connexion with England. I felt , , , . . . , thnt hol 1 hn,l f. oot ih.r i ,..m Juoges atid Grand-Jury bcthoueht them- Ilouse of Representatives of the United have been dragged lileless from ihe Senaie 8elv "f a modeof punishing iich sdminf Staies from Massachusetts. Sirice h haa Chamber, than have yielded to such an ouirage, as they considered il, oprmihcir been in Congress he has won a high repu- union. Were I a citÌ2en now I ,oni,i ,;i,.. . ru. ' '..l.w. tat.on as a scholar. a sialesman. and a ,.i .;,.- .1... "1" U'CSB tn-rJ "re ""'" l . l 1 . ..' ...... ...ai. uiiiimi wa I t. ...... .... ... ....... .. 1 iui ici 1111BIICI ly Wllll WIIIUII inrjr maiu- lain their prerogalivcs. The (oretnio ol the Grand-Jury, who had ordered sii these men to be brought to the court, made hii complaint lo tbe Judges, & a warrant wat issued against James Stuart for eonltnyt of court. The foreman of the Grand-Jury irti one Samuel Gerard. A Ilow me now, Mr. Editor, to make you as well as your ted erà acquainted with the resi characirrof ibis individuai, who has been laiely md a Special Councilhr by the bìoody Sir John Colborne. Samuel Gerard, i Scolcbman, who like many of bis country- men, carne ragged and poor from hi e live land, to genie in Canada. He first a aervant-man in ihe Northwest Com pany, thenaclerk, and afìerward ht carne a partner of that dishonest sssocis lion, of which the country i now Inrtu nately freed. What a blessing it Ihe Canadians and Indiane that such s r pacioua body bas cessed to exist ! ! Samuel Gerard, aboot the lime I now speaking of, waa aeeued of perjory, and of having rifìed tbe Forbe' W"of thesumof $60,000. He was ennseqoectl arrested, and wasobliged to give bidf'f" bis personal appearanre at theneitcf'' inai court. The whole amount of tr.e " ($4000) was deposited in the hsnds of il clerk ol the court, and be went on a voy'f to Europe, ao aa to avoid the eri terra which was approaching, H1"" wards carne back to Canada, with a pò coDscience, having lost only 9UAJ " . tbe 60,000 wbich be hsd stoien I Se tbe man who now-a-day enjoye the efi dence of the Brilish Goreroroent ia Ca- not discoverable in men. Indeed, we think we assert that Mr. Cushine i the T - ? .. t .1 eintnenr in punite anatri wnoge news in regard to our relation wilh Great Britain are such, in ali respeets, as would preserve .1... .Li: . -. . . me oootrauons ano mamtain me rigiits and umor ol the nation inviolate. He ia lib eral and patriotic, and ardently and entho siastically devoted lo ihe principles of re publican freedom. From the opinion which we have furmed of him, we are con vinced that had he the direction of Govern ment, liritish power would soon be extin- guished on lina cnntinent. Several peiiiiona for the release of Mac kenzie were sent Irom this place to Mr. Cushing some weeks nince, with a request that he would pretini them to Ihe House. By the followinz Hkrtch ol proceedings in thai beidy, it will be aeen thai he cornplied with ihe wifches of the petiiioner. He waa prevenied hy the rules from grtling Ihe suhject belore the House at that lime, but he expressed his deterniination, in a letter to the individuai who forwardcd the petilions in him, to briDg it up a?kin al the first fovorable opporionity. Mr. Van Buren bas gnt the stsrt of him, and saved him the farther agiiatioa of the queslion power choose whether to confer the rights ritizenship upon such or upon friendless latwrera whocrowd to our shores, I should on every considera tion prefer ihe latter. I bey irnprove their own condiiion, thev contribute to ihe improvement of ourà and they can know and appreciate ihe vai ne ol eqnal laws an i free institotions. I have no fear of evil to our inttitutiona from sudi accessions to our population. What jxiwer can overthrow institutionà thai enlist every citizen in their defence? Who can undermine a ennstitotion whogé foundatinns arejealoualy watched hy every citizen of the Siate? 1 know that our in stit'uiions command, as they muti the re sjiect, and secure the afTectìons d'ali men, and especiaJly of those who bave ru-n I down-trodden in foreien land or 6ofTerers hy poveriy or adversity in our own. S long as onr Legislature will prnvide from onr ampre resources for the education of ali the children ofthe Commonwealth, and so long as the Chriatain religion has swav in Ihe iand, popular suffrage may be left without any other limiution than tbose Sxed by the Coastitution, univeraal as the but the friend ol libertj are aone tbe Jessjmasses that lira under our lawa.