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Canadiati Kilit and Catiadian Inde pendente. NO. 32 SV ANTON, VT. JANUARY 2G, 18U. Titti .toltili A.MKKK A! J. B. RYAN, I-ubtitirr, Il it4 rr IVtdtJtt(,ntr ili aurine)- f a Asvociattea al Gtntlentcn. Trrmt. Or. ltUf arni Ut rm'i fot UmiomM, éV.tar fcif ifM mi.nl!.., fcf; trota ff Ivur 'ha. p.raa a tatariab: iiiuu. (! L:la liuiiuru, cmir untcaiioni fcr f 'K'iw, Sui. &-. mmi tJarxud lo ih fVtie, and j-ott patd. rV Tk... ftarJ,ne f. MKVii -,U ha av-'.ili-d la a aita eopt erfi. copy grafi ArfrftiiMm-nu enrn.ii'u'r marUd, ami ma fuaU! l'imi, pat ttculurlj Ut liao ari. siHr palrotuK ih fapr Originai. iiistorv or lowi:h Canada. (CO.OTIKCtU.) W shs'l now dwrll few mnmfiili on the separate Jrspatch of Lord Goolrich nn th rnanagrment of ihe erown aud Cergy lrif,-ur mirti will bear in minti ilnt one M-vmih pari of si! the crown land in Lowrr Canada, in set apart lr the aupporl of the " eslabliahed church" f V.ngln'té. The litiwi and prodigai iuaiuirr in which the Crowo laudi had bt'ii adniinislered lift ( (hai period, waa a noiurioua can nf lo n.l ruin lo the Privine. Tlif wantetul system upon wiiirli iliai pulsiic dopai imeni hi cwn luried, w deaigned tu enrich n renaio lavori? ria whiUt the hotieat bui poor armer was unab! lo srltle in thr.se iaiii. litind drvoiedne to ine will aiwl r apriiu ni i he Govrnor or of tonte nf iliir chcrUhcd miniont, waa a aure path i.i Un pioij nf somelhousand aerea it hi prrjnTty. This gave largo estaU'u imo he hai;d of a lw individuala whiUt tlif iiihm nf liti people (bolh (he nativrt id the emigrati!) ( nu'ul scarcely nblain iind ufiideut lor building lot. Our rea !ers bave aeen lini the House nf Atsem fc.y had cuinplaincd if the ili-use ni' ih al public properly lo whicli every Efigiish suloccl oughl lo bare had a Ire? and un i inliarrassed arce, by paying nnly the t''f l'nf forveying ar.d for drowinj the li t ir ni ihe proprrty. I.ord Goodrich ili l drii!ch aller havinn full y recosiÌ7.rd tii In- rviU in rrlaiioii lo he management ! ihe Crown land, fininhea by recom ,1. rulline that iSey ìmuld in future be sl.l al public auciion. Hi avowed ubjecl, lie aid, wii io belp the honent Colonia! lo make a aettlement mn ihe landa, yet he .liauld bare known that poor larwere bave imi ahvava audlcient nionev in band to mipete wiih the tich man at public ane li in. The loia tben tvere lo be aold in ihe ridi ntn wbiUt the or were to be Acconimodated witli the refuse land, jet Lord Goodrich called thi a good ayalein for imnrovinr the public landa. Instead of failowing the ad vie of the Houae whieh waa for prniertinij the porer claits, the Cohiniil tniniater waa for roniinuing under n;lier ahape th Esecutive patronage to Jaod-jobbera and finali the beat and the creatrat pari of lhee valuab'e landa wrr civrn for a mere nominai prie lo a com pany nf land peculato reaidin; in Lon loti and th pitor Frrnch Canadiana t- gelher wilh the honeat and enlerpriaing mirant had belore jheir eyea bui the melancholly prospect of livinp aa terft un ler th lordly proprieiort. Ve ak af ain ubo after ueh fiajrant denial o( juatice can bave confidenee in the integri ty f a Colonia! mir.iter who never pro tnite bui lo diap;oint, or pledgea but tu deccive th jeopl. , Th Imperiai Parliament had definitire ly paeil a law t put under the controul r th Hoaae f Aaternbly t( Lower Can da the moniea Jevied under the Britiah actof the Hth George S1. chap. 83, and as we bave already been informed ih cl auowinj the Colonia! Lejjialator to reju'aie th tanur of the public landa. Aawvhave aaid the Leftalative Council e inijfsaed of temperai Lurdi eoold not be prevaiif J upon lo eoncor in a prajeet uaefu! whìch Mr. Nei'aon had orijinaied liiatefTeet in ih Lower Hooae. Thof thi vatoable meascr whieh would bave r!rrd confidente and niformity ia ih teanre ol landa ia the P'orinee, waa atran tled by iheir Canadian Lordihipa whode iighted in injualice, and wer beni a crraiirr a ariitocrarT io di- ProTÌorr. The lilla lo audit the r' aeccuat j Cent ral, Jamrt Sluart, Ha. Aa he afH aod to regulai the fEc o Rrrmrr jdtit ìetrt ila fa!iiy nd inrof rcrinea. General aa ala ihr bill to eÌ7 ll.e a!a- rat Lipari, of iL .nr.,,. riea.- ih eaverncr.ent flirrra lor Ibeir pn val!ri,i,,Wrre .il B0i:ieJ by ihe Le girati Council over wbirh, in motkpry or frnm ayrupaihr of feeling, the Govein- il. i . .1 or Ueiierai haJ ai.?. uni.! aa Sif J - f,,., a. l.;n;n f -, , I . .. a,-.... ... pub.iedefauiier, iheI!ona)fih!e J.l.n Ca!d- , , . . n . I tVr.l Vili. I 1.1 KlKKv.l ia Pprn .li ,..! vaat Bum of money. The rnquirir iato the romiuct of JuJce Fletrber and Kerr lsd been enniinued durinir this tesaian and after in urli litbor and a thorough iavraiication the Uune unirlo the concluaion Ihat Jm'fe Kerr had rendered hioiaelf puilty of divera high Crimea ariti miadi-mranort aed prearnird an addreaa to Lord Ayimer brggine Ili Exrrllency to anapend (hit lilgh funciion ary till llia Majeaty shall have decided ori II mrrii of the continuità bronchi a caiiint the arcuarli, aa Ili Lordohip had done in the raae of the upeijed Aiut ney General. But Ili Exrellency drciin ed, allrtlgir.; that i!' both branche of the Lrgialature would cotirur in aiich a ile manti, tlirn he woold acrede. Lord Ayl iner as Governor General ought not io have been ignorant of thepredilitlion which the Council had alwaya mnnilViHrd for public prevaricatora ond ul'tlie exiraor- dinary ineana made use nf by ihe nirinhrr oflhat privilcded body lo protect public defaulierti, tnany of vvhoni nere thcirninat conpiruoua meni ber. V are aorry to eay that durine ibis aessioii the niembera of ihe House of Aa rrnbiy ilid noi ahov that indrpendenre arid firmnesa 1 uind which had hillu rio characterifed iheir acid. The majority of ihem tiad allowed thenisrlves lo he dayled by the fa lui? promise of Lord Goudrich and aincerek Iwlieved that the promised reforni waa near at band, and that Lower Canada wa al last to be blet witli a eood and chea eovermnent. The excellenl renoluliona of Louia Bourdieu, Ewj., whioh wtte ubmilied t the House alter theeeneral cali had taken place tn the 1 Oth of January, were lsi by a majority ofS7to22. Fer the first lime the in i ro ti uditili f the eleciive principi into ih ronipoaition of the Legislaiive Council, Ht argued and althougb losi, itadiacus bion enliglitened and prepared ihe public mind for the solution of one of the moni vita! and essential questiona that rould he debated in an Engli.h Colony. The iu depeodence of ih Executive Councillor from whou a pecuniary qualifìcation wo to b requeated, th better management ol the public landa which waa to be lefl to i he locai Lejjialaiure, th soppressimi of favoriiU-m toward the" eiablihed church of England" in ih diailr ibulion of the public landa and the unwue reerve ofa evenih pari of the waste land lor the aupporl of the locai government, were ali duly sdverted to, but th majority otcd againt bea well-timed reaoluiiona which alito apoke against the meddling politico of the JuJea who were to sii no more in the Legislative and Executive Council. Even that aame fear and submission to the irreaisiable power of execotiv allure ment, had been very evident dorinf the paiiainij ol the bill lo aecure l!-e indepen" dence of the judjea and lo prevent thrm from sitlingeither on the Bench or in the Council. Thirly votea were in favor of the proposal of th Coioni! minister who had ordered that the Judgea houU sì! ab atain from laking an active pari in politi cai discuasion, whilst the Chief Juatic of ih Provine waa to be aliowed bis seat in the Legislativa Council. Only tweuty foar discerning and xperienced meraber voted for the abaolute excluaion f ali jadgea from ih jHiiiiical arena but tx-ing ia miourity, their saluiary sdce jroved ofnoavail. Thelaw clerk rthe House of Aasem- b!y. William Green, Eq., a torned out' of hi office by a vote f 50 against 2, for hsvmr giveo bis affidavit trndiug t im peach the boneaty and integrity ft on of ih itembf r of the commilteiif which had, iaveaiigaied tlie eouaiuct of the Attoroey' J i iu ..ffiec br lb. lionae, Mr. Grr.'a t,rau.i t, ail.ouCh ae.ere, aa bui ju.tly df,f(Vrd ,, I Le etvil l.l to deirav the esreniea of ' ! iot'1 fverimeil and of ti, i.lrmm. . , ,, , . bv the Hooae sa uaual end waa areenied by ihe Iegiilative Counril, bui lsii A vl mrr ditupoiiitrd at not having surcreded in Lia favorii acbeiit nf a ermanent ajk propriaiion, reserted il fur the rovai anr lion. Thi arcor.d aretino of th fourteenth Provincial Parliament waa bronchi to a r'ose tn tlie SDth Ft-braary, when the Governor approvi! r.f ixty thrr bill and kepi nine for the fnriher fìc ni ficatioii of Ih M 'a pleasure. Amnng the fist wi'l he fiund some importala and in irreatin.' bill which proved very uel'ul ri the Province a long a ihry were a! lowri! io he in exislence, auch aa the bil for the ! rlW qualifìcation and selce lidi l'fjurors in civil nnd criminal case, which left but little room to the Shenlf fot pack inp jorio an they had hrretofore dune for politicai purpixe; llie bill lo help insol veni tiebtors and io cive llicrn ihrir liber ty wilhin crriain prenci ibed liniila iiinlrad of forcing theni to Irct and pine away in uiihenlthy jaiia; the bill to tM ahlii-ii a lai! road betweeo St. John and Lafirairie and lo continue the improvement of the hnr- bor rjl Montreal; ini lastly the billr lo en counce eduraiion in ilo? Piovince. In- deed llmse Canailian who were reprcseu ted aa ignorarti and hali. i-Jucaiioit, were msking rapid progrris in tlieir ellorl io im prove the ni i ini a of their children. In 1829 the first year, we inay ea!l il so, lUt elcnientary 8c.1kkI4 were propeily organi. ed and helped witii jiuhìic lund-, no lesa ibtin 18,000 vhildren were ndmitted to Ih e public elioni. The next vr the mim ber wus cnnipuled ci 40,000, nnd in 1831 areording lo the -.fficial return made to the Houae 1S6 M-hool for hoH and 183 l'or girl were opened in ili Provinve. Our reailer will find in he Inst pe.ge in the Appt-mlix, a return of the cemuofihe population of Lower Canada, which then (1831) amounted to 51 1,919 soni, a mere trifle ovrr baif a rnillion. But what n'oi 8tonishing in thi return waa the nutnber of deaf and dumb; which waa found lo be in the ptoportion of 1 io evcry 1204 ouls. Thia painful affliction arrm- ed to be more prominent in Lower Cana da thao in any other country except Swit zerland. The altcniinn of our reader is ntw in vited lo one f lliose disgraceful nnd bo!d atieinpia againsl the liberty ol the press. There is no country in Nonh America ex cept perhapa Upper Canada, which haa witnestrd auch tinwarrantable attacka up on thia saered palladiuai of the pro-ile righi. When Ihediacussion wa progress- ing in the House about the vicious com position and contiiution of the Leeisla tive Council, an anonynioua wriier publiab ed a communieaiion in the Minerte (a french paper at Montreal). In thia com municaliou th Legirtlalive Council wa handled rather roughly and was called a public nuiitnee. Th VinditaUr (an Engliah paper alo published al Montreal) reprnled ibis communieaiion of the .Vt erve aud addrd om remark. Aa aoon as the merabers of the body which had been so justly drcrird, ber a me acqnainted with the articles published on Ih composition and consiitoiion of the Legislativa braneh io which tbey belonged, they teca me s larmrd at the liberty and b ildnraa ofthe conductoraof tho preasea, who had dared in atlack the tacrtd characters of their Lordihipi tod eome public saal severe chaatisetnrRta were iroroediately thoof hi of, to puoi a tkoae daring inu'ividoa! who leared col lo lanca Me ttertl thing. The two articles o( th .Yi'rwrre snd Vindit lor were forthwith brought befor the Coonci! a atters of libtl aad after som ('rl auil waa deereed bai Daniel Traey, Ei., tk Editer of th VidieUr aod Latert Dnvribay, F.q., the protrino of ihe ,iJirrrr, lnu!j be afpiehrrt ed forih- wilh ard hrotight 1-rforr tl.rir Lorithipi itsiiRKrr o ti. ri,ir agatnat tfem. I ,ra two tmtirrvrn wrr ronarqurni y arrrated n Montreal on the 15th January, 1S52, and were lrrtrd lo Quebec lljrrtvgb a L'ir rid and painful jouim-r. Broucl t bifore the riirrfibers of the Legitlaiive Coniicil, Mr. Duvrrray refuted lo ce iti name of ih autlmr nf the crimit-a-led roin min. ira lìon ami look he wholr ri-aiuinaibiiit v i n Lia on n ahoul.lera. M hi'at Mr. Trtry arknowledged the editoria! rr - ' marks in bis psjter ai nriginsling front hi owa pn and he aJded that be blievcd them io le perfecti.v cwrrrri. Both, of ihese gi-iillemen, were rnriarquenlty eondrmtieJ lo lay in tre Quebfe jsil li!l the end ol ihe aesuiort which lonird fony days. Sud a fìagrani i. tyrannira! agyrrcttion upon the press, wa rernld from one end oi'ihe Province io the other. The two prisoners were ieclarrd lo be martyr ol the lileriy of the pres siiti their caj livily did muli ing but atrrngthcn the tic of love and e ice ni 1 rotti the peopt touaids the two champion who were ihrn imrriurred wilhis ihe cold wal's of a Uriiit.li dungr(in,lir thi' only crime of ha ving dared to exprer-s their rea! ferlings on ihe composi tion of a Le gialative body, thich had rrmlrrcJ iisrll a nuiiance lo the public rifare of the Colony. We are sincen lv ol ojiinion that had ihe netn'irr ol the limine of Aanem bly siiown le tergiveraaliou aud more manhond in ihvir di ile reni vote Juring l t.aat urilortunate srusion, the mem-bers ol the Legislative Council would have lievrr dami to iiink e sneh a coup dlul. The weùkne8 and limiJity of those who voted for the coutinuatice ol ihe prcsent aysiem in the formali. oi ol th Legislative Coun ril, encomiiued theprouii and selfiah inriii ber of thai body, who by th iniriMi ment of Mennr. Trary and Duvernay, ex peCled to gie the final hlow to that spini oT innovatimi which acconliug to the vote latelv L'ivfii in the House nf Asemhly, appeared lo hnvehcen crunhcil in the Inni. Had the House of Assembly adoptrd Mr. Li. Bourdae's resolves, the Legislative Council would never had recours lo sudi violcni persrcuiions lo sustain their Inter in g dignity. 'The imprisoonenl of Messrs. Duvernay and Trary reaulled in their complete triumph over their persecutori. A aoon a the session ef the Legislature waa prorogued, thrae two gentlcmen wer prrsenled radi witli a gold medal of the valueof $50 by th psople of Quebec. The citizen of Montreal feeling anxious to pay lo theae genilemen ali the marks ol esleem and leapect for their noble conduci during their painful liirarceraiion voied them alio each a gold mdal and prrpared for them a triumphal entry iato the city from which they had been torn away aa felona and carried olTaa men gtiilty ol some heinoua ci ime. Instea.l of beine under the strici guard of some of the effi cera ofa body for whom th whole public felt but the moit extreme digost, Messrs. Tracy and Duvernay entered into the City of Montreal in the company of more than 10,00 of their fellow-cownirymen who by their prcsence and by the motto on the fiags they bore, expressed tbeir disap provai nf the high-haoded and oppressive aet the Legislative Council had comniitted in imprisoning thre two genl!mn who, through th pre, bad expreased ih opin ion of the public on th vicious eompoti tion of thst body. The meda! which were prrsented to Mrtsrs. Duvernay and Tracey by the riiizen of Quebec were surmounted by the liberty f ap, wilh ihree precious atones tsken from Cape Diamond. The inscription bar testimony to ih firm nrss ol Ih prisoners in th Canadian cause. The one preaented by th penpie of Montreal to Daniel Tracey, Eaquir, bor su inscription to ommemorste ihr esose ofhis unjost impritooment sni or. the back of it was Harp wi'Ji an Krin g UraA; whilst that prrsenird to Mr. Duvernay represented Ih Godjra Vi'n trva wilh th followisg lnr riptioa " The li hetij ofth press is tb pe! psHadi- Tbu tk L'gia'al ve Coerfìì bt tl.ipbh!c tl nifn.tralinn n(kt lo bar t irarni ar'a.l.m and lobate fuaeJ out at t !Ml tbt thi ct of opprrsain on their sari wa reprot ed by at Iraat inetentha of the poptilstiiin over wbirh tl ey were plaeed Ir legialaie. But future evrnts will show lo our rra.ler that the ine men who corn Prd ihat brandi f the Lower Canada Lrgialsture, could byoomeana b bfougbt to tbeir righi amar, end Ihat they coiiiin ucd lo follw their mad srbeoie, li!! by i.. ... . f""' "'-'7 r" TP'"' "'7 uiurr tur w.itiaoiaiia io ornpsir, Th ;'rs arrvirrof J.ihn Neilsnn Es quire, the membrr lor the County of Qu bec haj rliriied the applaude nf Li coati, tryinrn. Il was dvcidrd lo give ibis gen llriiun oiir rpirivr and laaiing tiibule of ihcrclrrtn in which the Csnadiati heid lb,vtluahle rrviers nf thi ilistinguiahrd individua! lowan! hi oppressi li country. Hi conttiiiirniH aried (Hi the nrcaainti wliil the P.-ovtncial Parliament waa ting Moller hiui a public l'inni-r. A beau (ilul silver cup wt prrsented 10 bini wiib the follouring inscription. TO John Neilson, F.sq. M.'P. P. Dcputed wice o Ihe Imperia! Parliament todefrnd the righi of the CatiBilian Thia fechlc Intuiti of gratiluii is oflered h ini in cooiuicmorniion of ll.e aervirea he ha rrndered lo (he Cotirvjiy and ss ait hornee io his rivic vinur. Quebec. 1831 On one side of ih body of the cup was represented Cincinuatu ploughirtg and in vi ted toiake the management of public affair. On the other wer tlepicted ih line Provincial Auenis, who, in 182$, presenled lo the King of England (he pe tition eontaining the grievanrea under which lite Canadian lahored. On anolher side wa een a military despoi with one band deairoying ili Conlitulion Charl. er, wiiilat with (he other he wa auspend ing chains over ih emblem of Canada prò. (rrted by ih. Geniua of ih Country. Th remaiuing pari nf the body of ih Clip waa fiilcd with the inscription. On the foot wa to b aern the eoumry-hout of Mr. Neilson aod a hunter, then s Can adian witli a train ioaded wilh wood ihrn on Indian canoe, wilh aevrral other iiiblem of th originai occupiera of III Canadian aoil. In reading liti expression f public approrittion of the politicai con. duci f Mr. NeiIon,and contraating il with hi after lite, we are led to exclaim, ' How are the mighly fallen." Aa fsitlilul hisiorian, we cheerfully re- cord the honor beaied npoo tliosr who ought to promote their country' welfsr, and cxcssionally we are ohiiged lo men. tion the wickrdnr of those, who so! purpose sppear to havo been to render their fellotv-creaturea unhappy by Irying to cnalav them snd to rieprive ibem of tho ineslimable blessings wliicii nalur ha abundanily provider! for tlie wlioleho. man family. Among those dark and dam ning deeds, which hve but loo frrquently afflirtvd the CanaJian Penple,tlieoumur tter perpetratrd uMin the innocent rietini oflarry venerante, by a band ol hireling: soldiers in open day in the streri of Mon- ire!, is wonhyol notice ss being ooe of the Binit atrocitui nl vonton actaevrr commiued. To make our rradcr belirr scquain'.ed with thi rrue! lutchtry of un offendine ar.d peaceabìe citizen, we would inforni them. ihat Iona of the Beprrscnta ti rea ofihe West Ward of Montreal City, resignrd hi Sral in the Provincia! Parli, ment, conaequenily, a Wrii wa issued for the electian of a new Membrr. Two rao, didatrs presenied themselves for lhsuffrs gea of the peopie, Sianly Bagg full blood. ed lo'y, avbswas 9porled by the Cor. ernment priy, aod Dniel Trscy, Esq. ih Editor of ihe Vindicator, aad ih ssna individua! Ihat bad been irnprisonrd by th Legislatie Cooccil, forhsvicg dared to proclaim througk ih colon-in nf bis papr that tb Ariaiosratic brandi ofibaCa. dian Legtaiaisre sa peblic uuùatut. The Wri Ward bad beti rrfreratci lo ih: 'H i. n ì ! M I 5 t. i- , i' il; 1 ! i .