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.L Canadian lUghU and Ca adiriti ludcpcndcncc. fio. 37 SWAXTOS. VT. 3IARCII 10, mi. I tir. ,iuui it .wu.uii .1.1 . . B VAN, fuee, fi '4',f7 iftJmtPtltif. dar tbe tuptf i- x AeM I Genito. 7,, On MUr uj fif'y crt! fa 12 mMth, ,r r t-r mrtnh, t(f cani far fl-ur ui, jnW tavs'iaWy i JtiiC. J- lrf'O'S Ustióne, Cvar.aicilioa Cf mi. &c. e. muti ( j.'rc'Mi la ih .tlw. s" fati pati. , Tk' (arrJf 6 saie SnUcriUar, ',, iiiiJ lo a fixiti ecpj (rati. -.. fj AVf li'- Hit canopi un,ty iuMirtr !, nt ; tnMtJtì irmi, pariifuJarfj ftir tte ! Originai. niSTOKV OF LOWEK CANADA. (C'TIKCfcD.) '::.". v. - - Aatoniahc J at the rcaull of (he general flfctn n, I.rtfJ Aylmer wa eomptctcly !, ia the j)liiic! whitlpooi into which .,é f !y and igi orar.cc had plunged Inni. At fiit, he resolvrd locali the tiew Parli a.ucnl logrlher (a the 27lh of January, !?35, anJ isiued hit proclamalion for that I nrjjdsf. Bui dirading to meel ihe Repre-K-;nai!V of a people justly incensed a pin.i hi pania! an.J corrupt admiuistra t. ni, lr rxn counlerii.anded thi cai ol the Legislature, and poatponed it to th? il i'ltbruary lo!lowiny, whcn il wns fa'iy convrtieJ." Ai noujjli the Province bad, during the I a; &utnnier, ut H-rrtl severely Jrom the i-vappearance uf the Asiatic Cholcra, which li t i agsiu bliown ila peMitential malignila ni a direful manner, and Itati hurried a vatt nuinber ul the Coloniats lo the grave; annotigli I lie best pniuon ol the public !:.!( h a J Inen ui.lawful) ami unconstiiu t .iìiiniy aoU for a mere nominai price to 6 couijiauy of jobber ami pfculoior;, re -io Loiidun, uRiicr tliu kanctiMi uf a t...i .uni julfil ilirougb tiie I.npcrial Lcgia iRiufe, titfe Lnwcf Canada waa noi al ali rcjiri-hfiUid; alibougti Lord Ay liner luti bi'cu niibjrrnsbcd in ibe Admitiiitra (i hi ol Li governineiil, or account of the ii'liJaal by iìk' H uìc of Aist'mbly, lo urani lite eup plic iiccrory to ilclray ita t. univ; ahlioufli he bad bceu . illcgatly ami uiicoustiiutionaìly advUrd lo loan 31.000 from the inilitafy cliesl, to fcrtl the Itungry anJ starvioguilìcials.wbo werc t!.e uue caoi.-a of ali the misforlunes wh eli vre tben alllictins the Province; tini atihoogli Lord Aylmer bad posscssed io oilìcial oieaiia of knowing-, wlirlicr tbia ntMv!y clcctcd lioute wonld entertain ihe auuif poliiical viewa as the l'ormer, yet II it LorJabin fiaj deferred tht convention rf the Legislature to ibis advancrd ceasonof eyrar. Tl. trength of both panie in the lloustV vni ìffimcdiatcly tried by the flcclion of the. Speaker. Men of talents were indeed a few in ihe rank of those who were ironically calied " Hia Majesly'a oppoaiiiou" tbal ihey tlKl noi venture lo flecl one o( tbeir nwn nomber, to oppose th Hpular candidale, bulbrought forward a Radica! member to oppoae Mr. Papi neau'a re elcclion. Afier aome discussion, ibe voles were cast and ihe office waa a gain conferred upoii Mr. Papineau, who found himaelf aupporiod ' by 70 votea, wliiUtsix membera alone voied for the oj posing candidate. Theapeecb ol the Gov ernar, wa far" f foni being worihy to be rankod amonj Ihe eeei tronferà oflhe worli" The House imuiediatt ly lornicd tommitieeof the whole, on the alate mio a ' oflhe Province. . Alter severai sunne. (hi conimi i tee, reporled an addres lo ihe 'three branche o! the. luijierial Parliament, numeratili the beavy and intolerabie .3jrieance uodef which ihe Celony wa ufTeiing & prayinc ff spewìy remedy. The intrtnluction oflhe electàe syatem ia to the eomposilioo of ibe aecond branch of the Legislature, wa adverled to io ihese addressea, as well a in ibe reply of ihe llnuie io tbe Governor' peech. . A biU naming John Arthur Roebucn, -Eq.,1 meraber of the House of Common, . : in Engiand, as Agent of ihe Province, wa ioutxlucea anJ pacd by the Hoae, bui reectel by he Legislaiiva Council. Hi ppoiotuieat however wa eoD6red by -solve of th Uosa. Tha ììliteraie ci ìntvltal tptrth of I-ord Ayimrr, at he cb uf the lati w init nfihr p'eceJir,? rarbammi. wa cen- . ,n f))n icrma hr U. Houw; ho feearded it, fl a grrat encroacbment ujwn thfir righi, and pmilrgea. Tb bilia to enaore tbe free ricreilo of Ibe elative francbise in ihe ciiira, by removinj the uoopi durinz ibe time of clection; the bill to a!ow iht prople tn eboose thrir owo Towhip and Pariab vOicrra; tbat n fa cilitate a legai reinedy uch jvrion aa tiavr cTatms and demanda orr Ilia Majeaty'a Provineial noverameli!; and anotbrr bil conunainn CTeral importasi acta, wbicl wefi-akiuttoexpire by limiiation, were ali paed by the ilouie, bui cither found a premature dealb in tbe wboleaale alaugbier boate' the Legialative Council, by 1ein totally rij-cted, or by being u amended as noi lo recrivc the concurrence oflhe House. An inveatigation of tbe ofTwial conduci of Charles Urideman Felina, the pro- thonoiary of the Couii if the Di!fictof St. Francis, l'or bis exaclions and niiscon duct, was dcicrmiiìfd opon by ihe Assem bly, bui by a timely resignation of bis of fice, on the pari of the offender, thi. Invos tigation waa avoided. An examination f ihe conduci of Wm. Ciiwinan Fclion, was Comiuenctd, in icla tion to bis management as Agent for the aeltlctnenl ot'koine Townhipa in the Districi' of St.' Francis, Our ruadera will fìihl in the coufatf of thÌ4 Iliatory, how tltis royal robber bad fallencd biniseli' villi the best pari of ilio apoi's, by wbìcli ineans be had fcaihered bisoysn neal, in auch a pro digai manner, as t live like a Prince. Henry Jessopp the colleclor of Cusloms al the pori of (Juthec, being ralle! belore a comrjiillec of the House, ond havitig per- eniilorily relused lo suhniil to t bai coni- iniliee cenaiii papera then in lux poes tion, woa seni to the Queliec jàil, where ho had suHìcient lime to f4flect upon bis Jolly in disohiyitnf ihe mandale of the people'a great national tribunal. The law clerk of the House, vi o bed once been a fMonn memberol ihat bi!y, bui boni, poverty bad templed lo become a beggar of lucrative officea fron the Executive, bad al last obtained a reward l'or bis poli ticai apostacy -and besidea being apjoint- ed Grand Voytr for ibe Districi of Three Rivera, was a!so nppointed an Executive Councillor. Under auch circurtistancc, the House tbonghl proper, io give an op- jKirtunity to the Honorable rniber of His Maiesty' Provineial Executive Council, lo atlcnd lo bis officiai d oliea, and accord ingly replaced bini, by nppointing an otber person to the office of Law Clerk. Dui ibis scsnion which.from the begin nTn itrriniil nothinr? aUSDICIOUS IO the country weifare, was aoon bronght to an cn l by the narrow-conceitedness and se'ìfi Jinesa of the Governor. The House of Assenibly baving reiueted Ilia Excel ìeucy to advance, on a vote of credit ol thal'bodv. ihe inoniea neeessary to delray il contingent expenscs, were refuscd "''Ti'cr.tingeni expenseB of tiolb llouses.wbich neveral speeiou and frivolou pretnice. j sn S() nconstiuitionally reluned by The House resented ihe insuit, and passed resolve censnrinj ihe conduci oflhe Gov ernor. The members immediately diper sed ai.d from want of a ouorttn totran act business, ihe Legislative proceedings hr.,nt.hi to a cinse. The Parliament Uaa prorogucd on ihe 18th of March a nu the only bill lo which bolh branebes bad asaented, waa rescrved by Ili Excel!ency, f.r the King' aìnction. Il wa evidcnl, froro these transaction, tbatit wa imposiible under the preseat aspcet of afTair. 'hai barmony could exit between the three difTereni branche oflhe locai governmenl. The Legislative Council wa composed of memher oppoa ed lo the wi.he and wel:'are of the majori ty of the Canadian peoj; Lord Aylmer by hi f'y aJ w,nl oi ,,aJ opekly siJed againsl tbe repreaentative eleeied by tbe people, and ihe House was firmly reVlved to do il daty, whatever mighlbe tbe conaequence. Tlie loiie had tdeputiaed to London, two of their mot influeoual eoJ talente! Bierober, William Walker, E2., the unofcr,f u f an4 date fr ibe West Werl ..f Mt.i.iiril, and J,bn Nedso, Eq., or,ce the Jreat.01 fnend of jbe Mrrple'ii tifits, andlbeir Pro vincisi Ageat in ÌSIÌ sttbe Imperiai gov. errtrneiit; the first man t'iai aJvr.caied ihe prsciirahil tv of intro,nfii!f the eleclive system iato the Leg'ukiiive Council, as ma be set by bis i,-tiniony before ibe comminerai ihe Houstfof Common, tiut who, front private molbea a;d interest, bad abamlvbed the liberal rar, & throtvb bimaell i(!o the tory party. Ori ibe otber side the Radicai aeemrd nut lo be idle', and Reform Associatami were formed ibrooghoul ibe Prorifiv. Il was eurfently reporter that Lord Aylmei'a administratioa waa drawinj to an end, soon tu le auperceJed fcy on ol a Mire conciìiating: character. The in st.hility of the Engiisb Cabinet, wbkh waa allernately fluctualinj k-tween the loriea and whig in England, bad been the cause of a great deal ol delay; bui al lati il wa officially announced that a commis- sion to inquire into and reniedy io a cer lain extent, ali the grievances of the Pro vince, bnd been named in Englsnd, to pro- ceed forthwitb to Lower Canada, Lord Goafnrd, a man of very inferior 40ltl!eclua faculties, wai lo be at the head of thi humbvg cmimission, whilst bis two asso ciaten, Sir Georye Gì pp and Sir Chi. Grey, were to act upon the feeling ol" bolli panie in Canada, and the tlirre j intly, were mpecially iustructed, to moke the hesl ailjustnirnt they pobtihly could, under the prenent state ofaf!airi, in that distrae ted Colony. Altlmugh the maj-nity of the people, placed no coiifidence whatever, in their inlegrity and bonesty of purposes, yet their arrivai was baiìed a the auspiri- ous signal for the depatlureof the detetted and blood-staiucd Aylmer, who twìce had, most insullingly, exulted in the pillir.g of Canadian blood. Deiipised by the radicai party, laughed at by the lorica, who uscd lo cali bini tbe " old woman" Lord Ayl- ki m in a-r..... imni ulllclirc. niUsl bave perceived boiv few were hi friend, tvhcu h wa ilivettcd of that power, which gave brend and butler lo the Imn gry otlìcials and oflìce aeekers, who bad led bim lo commit bimself so far against the true interest of the people. Some would bave believed that thi &ad lessonofLord Aylmer' disgracelul d-iwn-fall, would have warned hi auccessor a gainsl following in hi footslcps. ' But alas! British policy had tiecroed the xd itical slavery of tbe Canada, and the mis sini of thisextraordinary triumvirate, was only to aweeten the bitter pii, o as lo endoce the Canadian to nwallow it wiih. oul reitance, or to force itdown witb tbe open and bigb-banded violation ol ail conslitnlional principlc. The Provineial Legislature waaeonven ed on the 27tbof October, 1855, wben HU Excellency Lord Gonford.dclivered the most honied spetch thai ever feti from (he lips of a Colonia! Governor. He lold tbem that be was authonsed to pay ine Hi predecessor. The aeat in the Legisla tive Council, ol the tlefaleator, the late Receivcr General, Sir John Caldivell, Rari, wa lo be rendered vacanl. In the choice of tbegovernmenl officers, he wa lo pre elude partiality and national prejudices.and aid that 44 fiines for ollìce wa the irue rriterion lo which maini, if not entirely, he wa to l.Kik; and be did noi hesitate t avo tbe opini, thai in every country, to beacccptable lo the great body of tbe Inopie, waa one of the most essenliai ele ment of fitnes for public station Bui to put tbe climax to hi hypocrisy and bis deceiifnl mi-'n Lord Gosfo.'din bddres ing bimseil io the poor and loo conCdir.g French Canadians.made use of the follow ing language, wbich however be betrayed in the most scanjalous and flagiant manner in ite enurse of hi crafty and vil-leign-ing admioitration. 44To the Canadian of French oriaio, I wouU aay: D n-t frar Ibat ihere is aoy design to disturb the form of society, ander wbich yo have so long been eooteBtedan4 prosperava. II ow- evrr d Arreni frm lboe of ber Cohii,.f in olher pari ol ;be wm!J, Eòsland can no! bui admiie ihe social arran(:emrits ly wbicb a atnall numHv-r if emerpriiit Ci4 onits bave growniuio tTod, telikìu, and bappy race of Agtìcbltcrùts, rem si k ab!e for theìrdomestic virtuen, for a f heerfuf endurance of Isboer and privsti.in, and Ut alertneMand bravery in war. TI1KUE IS NO THOUGT of emlcivoaring i break up a system wbìcb Mtii.. a dense rural populatinn, without the exis'ence ni anyclas of poor." ' Were il jossib!e, for argumeni'a sake, io auppos tbat Lord Gosford wa sincere in w hat ha ihen prò- fessed io bwr,...,. tt.0frej. al arrangement n Low,e Canada, iww could be afterwards, cn!ts he waa a trai, tor lo hi own conviction, rccomniend the barali policy, Hbicb be diJ lo the Colonia! Secretary, in order lo eoerce Ibi prelend ed happy people inlo uncoostitnthnal mea urra, whkb were cateuiated io subveri that very form of society which be had ao mtich ndiiiired. He wa cither a design iog knave, who tliJ not believe what he wa saying, to wio the confìdencc ol tbe Canadian, or else bis after-conduci, bas showo bim to be, what the lorica bave always aiJ, he .waa, a poor, weak-brained tatesman, totally unworihy of the Irgli and imporlant ollìcewiill wbicli he bad been entrusted, as Governor. General and Principal Commissioner. Thi ession which wa ibe longest, tbat ever tHk place, if we except the sccond and fourth session of the first Parliaiiieiit, wa un doutHedly thè must intereating. Lord Goal'ord waa the rW civilian, who bad been seni to Canada e Governor; and from bis peech, the unsu&pecting werc leti to hope for n:any importarli reforms, ìf not even the tligibilily of the Legis. Council. In it nnswer lo tlie openitig spuccb, the Houselid not forge! to meiilion to the new Governor, ihat it waa the actual tir- aire of ihe great majority of the people of the Province, that the -scennd brandi oJ ih i 4U!rurc ahonld be, as urli as the House of Kepresentatlves, under tfc mediate controul of he peonie. Ili Ex cellency wa inforined, that the House did not view wilh saliafaction.tbe poilation ol the liest part of the unculiivated land, by speculator and jobber, who had no per manent interest in the Province. Fajth lui lo their trust, the membera ofthe House of Assembly, set ihcmsrlvea at work, bui the Legislative Council, also faithful to its particular ' objeet, rcjccted the besi measurca which were seni to them by the former body. A moni; wbich we inay mention the bill lo regulate ihe mode of eoncession, and to settle the arrearsge and duca in' the eig morie, belonging lo the Jcsuii' Estate; the bill to appoinl a Provincia! agent; that lo remove the troopa front the cities during the clection, so as to prevent the renewal of uch bloody scene as that ofthe 21st May, 1832 the bili to regulate the qualificatimi and su m moning of juror in Civil and Criminal niaiters; to make a new diviaion ofthe Proviuce into Circuit court lo leave lo the people, the choice of Township and Paiish officerà -to render the salarics ol public officer suhject. lo be sttached for debt li regolale the notarial proirssion lo revite and re-print the Provincia! Sia tutes anj ordirisncrs to regulate the Posi Office leparimeni lo recali the ordinance which forced thejieople lo billel Irooji and to convey ihe mutiiiiop r fwr; to in prove the harbor of Montreal; to give education to the people wbom they found already loo mueh eolightened on ihe ub ject of their politica! rights; to prevenl ibe accu;nu!lion of too maoy pa.sengers on board of tessei eoming from Greal Biitain, which by tbeir crowded and fìl ihy stale, bad already inlroJuced imo the P.-oiuc,.C'ntagiiu diseases. We shall noi bete risme sii ibe measores which were smotbered by their Cmndin Lord $kip$ but rnerely inforrn oor resJcr, that thirty iwo bin were ibo trealed by ikat obnoxious !dy. The House ttf Assembly voteti Ibanks to the Hoouratle D.C. Viger.ard to A. N. Moria Eqr, ibe metnbaf fot the oaaly of CrlrchM-, fr il.eir fra! r!t WJ ft' the U't hìy credi ta béV manner in wblsli they b.f d Kfurrd ihrir dulie Agecta or inat tKHiy, at the Imperiai G(A menu CiHnpIaints bavinj been brocchi fefor tbe Iliwe t4 Aatembly, aai;;t tevv fal high funrlionarie jf the Ifn ;t fr , a dtl- cnt irifjuiry ws orjered by tbat body. imo tlie eonduct of ih-w kàivìn't ubo tvere Ihus set ul. The JSU ntf ot the Districi of Montreal wa foui! gtliy of rtcglijrt.ee io ihe ti iw barge f bis officiai dutie, therrby ocfanionirig the óVaihvf orse oflhe prisonera confined In tbe jai under g!.f?iTl,BU fi'"!: I,B hs, be waa trath. ànd h?tommttWtf.JrXtl c.ommittee of ihe House, instilstel t. ijuire imo hi fee and sa'srie, od lisd far furgnttea bimself tbat b volunlaril mireprcentI faci. Hi retnoval from office, w askrd of ilie Governor by the House. But Lord Gosford could nnt cosi seni io tbia demand, unti) the accuscd bevo a diane of exculpating bimself and after a long drlay, ibis old pliant atd humble tvol off adi aurcesfive locai aJministrStion, met bis reward by a dismissal from an of fice, which ha J always influenced hi voles as a Legislative councillor. The Honor able William Bowman Felton, tbe Crm. mìssionrr of ihe Crown lanJ, carne ìn also (or bis sbare of jtutly tncrited accuiatioot. He bad eniberzled public money and squan derrd and appropriate J lo hi owa uso under diilerent and specious prelexts, tbe publio funJs. Ili conduci ss a public officer, wa deemed o titrageous and unpardonable, a lo induce the House, to ask from Lord Gford, hi Immediate aus pension from office to bo followed by dii mission. Bui lie had always been a dett led ubject of the crnwn, whose interest Ite had sopporled by hi votes and influenc in ihe Legislative Council, The Govern or refuied the demani! of the House, sud il was a long time afterwards that thi Honorable neculaUir and imnostor, met bis deserved fate. , The jailer Sud Ine f.nyst- cian of the Montreal jsil, who bsd lieen io neglertful of their respeciive duties sito allo a prisnner lo di iti one of ibe eells of the prison, from eold, hungrr sndsickncss, wrre, aìo reprcsentrd lo ihe Governor, by the House, ss unwoithy of the repectie tiiuation which they occupied ; but only ihe jailer wa lurned oul, and ih i gnor ant snd òru'af physicìsn wss kept in office for the purpoee of lormenting thre poor ùnfortonste politicsl ptionr, that neit ycar, wrre incarcera'ed in that jai!. The appointment of Juilge Gale was next con sidered by the House. Ile bsd opealy hown bimself to be a devoted partisSo ot the hatefu! and tyrannica! adminiatration ol Lord Dalhousie, He bad even croasei ihe Atlantic to lefend tbat administratien, and had lMen cxamined before the coinmil tee of the House f Common on the sflaire ol Canada ; Iti ignoiance oflhe !aw and mot of the Provinee wa ucb, as io ren. der bim an ohjerl of ridicule- As Presi, deli! oflhe Quarter Seasiin, fdr the Dist rici of Montreal, he bad bown partiality, as wett a vi!cnl, pasaìonate and most outragenut abuse of.b5 powr,lo -errcute ihote who did not suppori bis mssier ad. mÌBÌiration. Durinj Ihe clection at Sor e!, jn 1328. be bd rendered bimself guilty .fbribery. On tbeue' rrjref niaiions t!e Illuse atked bis t!iniisl from tbe Judi a! Itecch, but Lord Gosford ' sad, tbat a the cceusation related lo fact, a'1 to bave been cnmmittid Ifore bìa ar-pouitmer,! as juilge, be could not witb prnpriety,er t lo the tlemand of the 'House, -and Jotlge Gale stili remale a br'Hiant ejiecimen of tfie lesminjf and honesty of tbe judiciai hench ofthe Districi of Montreal. Tbe Provireial Jcc'gecf tbe Districi of Gpe, wa proved tt be a man finterà-1 perate babits, snd holding Ihe balance jnstiee, boi for a ecftain t-ny f en la tbe Diktrirt, wbiUt lb'e who were t ppo. ed io bin in ponine t.r etra io private bfe, were uret In njis! ire ted.. Hi in trtnpeianee wa " g u., ir al le i ni carrieJ from the beccb ia a complete stsu sv - . . ax a é mì''"'- f intoxtcaUeo. l iora ussimJ. u V ( "-a f ' f a. f ! ì a ( f 1 f L i. V 'r fi ? k: ; ' -!