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Canailian Hiltl and C.iiiadiaii Indcpciii.cncc. NO. 11 SWANTON, VT. AP11IL 1G, 1811. TI! K OHTII A M KItl VA .V J. B. KTAN, iVoider, ) tf lVànti. mmdt ihs fn ir4c ef " AsMcUtioa ol Gcm'cmro. 7tm. 'On dot'sr ed fiftf cnt Tur 12 ntoiiffi, tot ij"5l moniti, Sfif ceni far fbur awtfih, ftif l! i-iMy dsuc. t- lUrt ot ttuinef coromunicilion. Cr rai',c4iwn, Jt. ice. mut i dJreseJ lo tb f 1ha f"f w'dir. fi ow Subtcrtberi, mi ti fc n'.iilJ stilb copy frati. (tj Ad'tì!Bi coiwpieujmsly inMrted,ind MSOMtlil lrU, particulaily (ut lbM wh APPENDIX TOTHE II ISTORI LO W E II CANADA. BISHOP LART1GU E'S" LETTE R. T the Cltry, and ali Ihrfaithful of tur Vioiett, llcalth and fìeneditlion. Tot n length of ime back, dear brethren Ve henr of nothing bui agita'ion, and even M re voli, and i bìt in a country which ho hitherla been d;lingu:khcd by il loyalty, it ijirit nf jcc, il love for the re'igion ni il Ttkrr- On every side, we beholfl brothers rise against their hrnthers, friend against their friend, citizens a gsinst their fdlow-citÌ7.tns; and discord froin one exlremiiy of (bis Diccele lo the tnkt't, seenni lo haveburst asunder iha houJs ni chartty which united the meni hers of the same buly, ibe children of the ne church, the chtldren of Catliolicity, witich il reiisjion, of uniiy. In circtutt stances of neh moment, the only posirion thflt we can tnke, is.not merely io slnnd v sn opinion (which, neverlheles, as citi zen, we unii our worthy follow.laborera in the boly MinUtry ahould bave, cqually with oihers, the righi of emitting,) but to et up to the obtigatìon which the Apostle ofthe Geatiies tmposea upon ti by Bvin(f, "Wo is aato me if ! peak not the goapel; f.r a ner.e8ity lieth upon me; Necettittt 4iìm mihi incumbit. 1. Ctr. 9. 16. N dear brettiren, no one of you is igno- rfntoftbes? trnthu; that the dntit-a of tiw dtfferent membera or society form a fsieaiially a part or Christian morality, as ilio dMliea of tbe-difiirent niembera of a family; that thia divine coda of moralìty U a portion of the aacred deposit ol latin, which hai hten transmiiled to us by the pur chinnel of acriplurc and tradition; iliat We, ai a auccessor o ihu Apostle re liound lo transmit it ti you witii ejiial fiJelity. "' . ' There ia moreorer notUin? that can rentier u the objt'ci of suspicion. , In our Teina, as in youra, flowa Canadian blood We have jivrn l'reqnent proofs of the love we hatfe fof our dear and common country; ij ai the apostle. ao can we take Qod to vitoeaa, how we lonjf after yoi oli, in the biwel ol Jesus Chriat. Philip. 1. 3. Be ids, you know thai e never receìved any thiny (fnm tne c'v"' CJ'vernment, a we ex peci from it nothing but that justice which is due u very.Britiah subject. And we Hear lestimony to the truth, when we ilemnly protest,' that in apeakinar to yoo n the preaent oceasion, we peak of our. aelrea, impelled by no exierior iofluence, bai aoiely aciuated by motives of conscienco h ia not tben our intenti'on lo give an opin ion, aa a citizen on this purely politicai queslion: amonif the different branche of tfotremmeni, wnien ia in ine nani, or wnicn ii in the wronj;(thU ia one of those things which G'fcl has denverel to the consider ation of roen: tnundum tradidit disputa tiont eorum:) bui tbe inorai qaeslion, namely, whatia ine doty of a catholtc tow arda the civil power eatablibed and con- aiiiQieu in eacu Biniri- ima irne"u3 aeaiion (aHìna wilhia our iarisdiction and ompetency, it is nodoubtedly the province ol your Biahop lo ijive you il neceaswry instruction on thia subject, aaJ your pro vince' to'liten tó hitti. : Fot a tb relebra led Lamenais aay8, JJiahops bf ing coni. ruissìoneJ by the Ho'y Ghot lo povern the Church of God, under the direction ol the Sovreif n PontiiT, we profess that we believe io eery thin? which aj'ertaina to b spiritnal administration of each Dio .eeae, clerjy and Uity onaht failhfuHy, to obey tha ordera of the bishop initituted by Thia, Ihen is what the sacred senpture teach you on the bove" queslion. Si Pani aays, "Lei everv aool be aubject to the higher powers, foir there la no iwwer but from God, and those ibat are, are nrAnA of God. Therefore he that re- fiÌNtelh the power reaialeth ibe ordinance of GoJ. And they that resist, purehate io themselvea damnalion. The ruler is the minteier of God to them for goo.t. - He bearci I not the aword ia vain. P r he h the minister of God, an aveagef lo execote wrathapoQ biro Ihatdoeth, wherefore be aubject nf nreeaaity, oot only for wrath, but a! for conacicnce aake. Rom. c. Ist. t. 1,1,5.4.5. " Beve aubjeet tlrt-rcire" adda St. Peier, the ehler t apo, " to every human creatale for God aake; whetber it be ta lh kief, t$ riccni; or lo the s?svertArat nent bv him for ttre punishmeut of rvildocit, and Tor the prai of tbe gfKHl. l'or o t U,e vri'd f G-hJ. Aa fiee and noi osniakinji liberty ofmalice bui aa the urrvarci ot GoJ, hoor the kinf. Servanu, be aubjeci toyotir mattala with ali fear; rrnl only toglie srd and entlf, bui alno to the frowaid. For thia i thanka wr.rthy, if for conscience towarda Gd, a man ndnre orriw, atillerin wroncfullv. Itt. St. Peter, c. 2, v. 13,14, 5, 16, 17, 18,19. Such, Dear Brethren, re ile orerK f the hply ghost, a we f:rd them in the sa cred volume; uri the doclrif of Jmu Cbrmt, aa the apoatles Peter and Paul, hsd learned it from the inouth ff iheir divine naiier lìo t cìear as theae words may he in ibctnsclvrs. a chfisljan doe not i'nter. .prt-t ihe word of God by b ow private jmftjnwnt; he knowa, that it ia a funda oirnlal piìir.i ! hisifaitli, Ihat the crri Scripture ns St Pftcr as.urc us, 2d Ep. I. 21, are nu to he underatood accordi to ear.h nneV private interpretaiion ; ar.d ihat it belone 4 t our moiher the Caiholio Chureh a!ui lo espound them to us, ac corditij to the drciaion tf Jesu Cbrit in the puxpel ; ' li he will noi bear the Chureh, ivi him be to ihee a the f.ea'then and the pub'ican.5 Si. Mn. 13. 17. Now his present Uolinesa, Gregory XVI, bas expoundfd fnim bis pontificai chair, these paaaagea in Scriptnre, He bas interpreted the pàssacres which we bave cited l'roni the aacred volume, accordine to the doctrine of the Ilnly Faihers, and the perpetua! tradition of the Church, from iis estabiich nient down to hepre.ent day ; ho hasdic lated thcir true tneaning to the Chiisiian worid, ir bis Eneyclical letier, addressed in the beeinn ng oi hu pontificase, lo the Rihoa in every pari of the word. Not a solitary Dlshop since that period bas raised "bis voice againsi the docirine of that letter, so that it bas received al (cast the tacit consent of ihe tjreat body ol Pastora, and coijgequefuly, it musi bt lookcd upon aa an authoritatire decision in poinl of doctrine. " A we bave learned, ' ays the.Iloly Father, (it is not onr voice that voo are now goingr lo hear, but thatol the Vicarof Jesus Christ, " as we bave learned i hai vvfitincs diiisemìnated among; the penple proci a ini doctrineit which f-hnl-e the fidclitv and siibniidsion due to Prinrcs, and cause the standard of revolt to be raiascd on. ali side il becomes recessary to use every precaution to jirevent deluded multitudes from being drawn oul of the line of duty. Lei ali bear in mind, arrording to the ad vice of Ihc Apostle ihat there is no pow. er but from Òmi ; and iherefore he that resmieth ihe power, resisteth the ordinance of God : and they that resisi, purchase to themselvea damnalion.'.. Both human and divine laws rise up in 'condemnation of those, who, by schemes of sedition and re. volt endeavor tu shnke allegiance to Prin ces, and hiul them from the throne. It wi9 for this reason, nnd !n òrder to avold ullying themselvea with sodi a crime, that the first Christiana, amidst ibe fury of Itertrcntion, remaiucd iaithful to the Km perora, nnd aought, as it is ceriain they did, the inleresis of the empire. Of thia they gìve abondant proofs, not only by faiiìifully execuling every order that tea not contrari) to religion, but by shedding their blood on the field of baule. The Christian soldìers, aaya St. Anstin, (in Pslm 12S, Nò. 7) served a Healhen Em pir i but when there was queslion of the cause of Jesus Christ, they acknowledeed only Him who reigns in ìleaven. They dtstinguiihed eicrnal from iheir temporal Lord : and yet Jor the sake of their eter nai Lord, they were ubmissive to their temporal one. This it was that theinvin cible Martyr, St. Mauritius, commander of the Theban legion, bad before his eyes, when, as St. Eucherìus relates, beanswer ed the Emjeror : We are your soldHTs, Prihce, but - we aie at thesame lime the servants f God ; and now, eveti tbe dan ger of losing our live, with whic!i we are threateried.doea not ir.duee as to re volt. We bave our arrns in our hands, and we resisi noi ; bccatise we prefer lo suirer death, rather than to inflict it. This fi delity of the Chrìstians f old acquirescew lustre, if we rcmaik with Tertollien, that ihey were deficient neither In numher nor in potver, haJ they chosea todeclare thero selve epeiDiea lo" the aiate. . ,Tbese apleodia examplea of inviolablej ..,1 mii.in tn PriBces. which wrre tbe Te-, cesaary eonsequences ol tbe preeepta of IheChrUiian religion, condemn the error of those who, rafatHateJ witn me love ni qnbridJed hbeny, direct ali. their ffffU a gainst the rhia of auihority, " hi!t op ih? e-niiil nnlv !avcrv un. ,!er the mak of liberty. Soch was the) tendenev ol the evil leMgn of the W al-j dense, óf the Begard, an J of the ick I trite, and of o the ra assist wl.n the anaihernas A the Àj-osto-ic Sce ha ve betn w frequetìtlv diiected ; and tey B" wt!k in their footsiepK, liste co oil.er oh- ieet in view rvi to ip ...-."., tbat Uff are irre iruw v" t , t . ons arJ of thrf g.' " ti won your part an obligstinn of do ty," ad.U the sanie l nuff, in bis h.id ot Ju'y 1832, to tbe btsbnpè f Polard it i on yor pari an nbh'gaiion of duty io atch with the btmost care, Iet evi! mìni, ed men, propagating fslse doctrine, sprrad anmng your fiwka he contngktn ed demor. a!iirìg theoriea. Tlese men, with jeal for the public good in t!-ir inoutlm, ini poe pon the erclulity of almple rnen, who blindi t-enrne their tools in tlUturbtni the public pesce and nverihrowìffg the riah-liivhi-cl order of things. For ile jfKvl, and for the h.onor of the I)icìpb- t5f Jru Christ, it is fìuing that thcir folfe doe. trincs tihould be expowd ; the fslseness of their princijdes must be ihown by the in, mutatile word of the sacred Scripinrc and by tbe ìndioptitable monumenta of the tra dition of the Church." , , Sudi iit the il. if trine of tbe snpre re Pa (or nf anul. rf the venerai !e Pontili not siiting on the eternai chair, in conjunction with ihe documenti! if the church in ali njes and in ali plecrs. You must now feel, d.ar brethren thst we cnutd not, with out violatine our duty, and endnr, perire our personal sfilvation neglect the direction d your cofiscienres in rirctimstancrs .so criticai. For s a catholic cari not orcteini to choose what point of faith he will ndmii and what point of faiih he will rejeot: and as St. Jsmes says, (Epb. e. 2. v, 10.)"he who ofTends in one point, is become guilty of all' the prescnt queslion arnoino to nnthinjj less than this whether you will cl.oose to maintain or whether ynu will clnvise to bandon the laws of your reli ginn. ShouU then ny one wih to engace you in a revolt agninstthe estahlished t."v ernnient, under the prete! that you form a pari ol the àovreign feople, auller noi yourselves to heseduced. The too fnmous rintional Convention of Franee. theueh obliged to admit the princinle of the sav- reignty of the people, beco se it was io tluspriRCiplethat.it owed its exiwfence, took gooil care lo eondemn impalar iniur rections, by insertine in the Declamlion tf liìfchts which head the constittition of 1795,'lhat the sovreigntv resides, not in o part, nor even in the majority of the peo ple, but in theen!ire bodv of the citizen; adding thst n individuai, that n parlial union ofctliten tanvretcnd lo the set retfrnlv. But wfio will dare to sav, that in this country the totality of citizens de tire the overthrow rd' the government ? V e conclude, near brethren, hy appeal in? to your roble and gcnerous hearts Did you evcr seriouslv refiect on Ibe hor rors of a civil war ? Did you ever repre- senl to yourselves, your lowns and your hamlets deluged with blood, the tr.nócent and the guilty carried eli hy the same tide of calamity and wo ? Did you ever Te. flcrt on what experience teacìies, that al moet tviihout exeeption, every popolar rev olution is a work of blood ? Did you ever reflect that ieven the Philosopher rif Gene, va, the author of the ocial etntraet, the great uplxdder of the Sovereignty of the people ays hiinitelf that a revolution which cosls only one drop of blood, would be loo dearly bonghi ? We Icave thete irnpoit tant reflections to your ìcelings of hnmsni ty, nnd to your sentìments as chrUtisriS. " The Gxaceof onr Lord Jesus Christ, " and the charity f Gn, and the commu- nication of the Holy Ghost be with you " ali." 2 Cor. 13. 13. This charge hall be read and ptiblisbed al the Parochial or principai Mass of each Church, in chapter, by each community or onr Diocese, on the first ounday or fea tivol after ita reception. Given at Montreal, the 24th Oct. 1827. Johh James Labtigoc, Bishop of-Montreal. - (SS) RESO LUTI ONS OF THE "SONS OF LIBERTY." Ilesolved, Thal we behold with pride at this moment oidanger, when a foreign authority i cndoavoriug lo exhibit iis pow er in the most rcvolticg form, thal our voung ciiizecs, far from beinsr intimidau-d by this martini display, dj!y prove their rèadines for action by haiening to incrcsse the tanka of our As.tociationf whoe cause beiog that of liberty and eqmlìty for every ongin and race, ahould fi od ranged ne neaih ita banners every proud and nohle heart which bests for freedoro, or paets or elorv. Hesolved, That we have noticed with contempi and disgusl, foul charges against and cowardly menaces lo, the Uon of liberty," in as much s our Associatmn, insteàd of beiog organised for vain amuse meni or klle broil., is established for the high and' ampie purjtose of co-operating with the young men ol the provìnce in prò moting the cause of politicai freedom. Though we neitbrr meoace, insoll, or al isck those who may be opposed to es, we shall U abundaptly prepared for the de. ecce of oorselvè and of onr friends, aed fbonkl any of oor memhersfonimit an ct uownrihy f die charscler of a ciiir.cn, he will be judged and penished by . the com miitceof Macsrmet5l. Rc!eJ, Thft in the ptrseot ini. j poriant ciii we ShoM wiih atiitioti, ! bai lo rrsrM.ng w.th mardyspitit tue me. nsiinw aliti .f fni'fiiiuitl tm. i tìons continue io he formrdin the country parta fon the pian ol the Aocatin of the Sns of Lìbertv. We hpe that ibe good work will cor.lir.ue ntil every psr,h te..v. wi.h ih Aation in M. itesi, which hokls itudf in teadinrM lo fr- mh evrrv Information thst may he re- quirrd to prepare tbe people ol ihe prov-1 ice ior ine eventa wnr n me prtieerosngs nn use ptri ! Government jusltfv us in ex pecting, and which thicstetis "the ptttr?e ttanqiliiy.' Originili. msTORY or rem Kit Canada. (coUTINCtn.) The sd lesson, whirh Colonel Gore hd 8' dsarlv leamcd at St. Denis, filled his mind with 'rleep griel, tv hi le chngtin and ilisgrace was fully depìcted in llie eonntenance of ali the Briiisii thal haJ laken pan in that rnornorahle engagement. Captain Markham of the $2nd Reg. l a.i been eeverely wounded, and could welj testtfv to the arcuiscv of the imof-the Canadians, by whone llla he bad lwcii picrced throngh the righi Irg and tvvice ihrough the left side of the neck, his right knre bad been hadly injured, aa wal aup. posed, by a splintcr. The Briiish troopat under the comtnand of Col. Gore, beine aorcly harrossed hy the patriot who hotly pursued them, retraced their atepstowardg Sorci, with more spced iban they marched upon St. Denis. But the wcather wsa so inclcment and ibe roads so bad (many of the soldiers lootiing their shoes in the mud) that tliey did not reach Sorci until eleveu o'c'ock on the niornii g of the 24'.h of Nov. where they arrìved in the most piiiahle condition, after having f. atleti al Si. Our for refreshments, which they plundcred from the lami house of that Parinh. v, Licutenan: ColonvI Wethcrall, tvhom we hod left in garrison at Chembly, had re ceived orders from the Commander in Chief, the aame day that Culoi-tl Gore teli Montreal for S ire!, to ' march on St. Cha:k'S that sa me night 122JJ with five cnmpanìes of soldiers, a delaclunent nf the Montreal Cavalry, togelher with Iwo pie ces of aniìlery. Aa soon as lite orders were received by Lieutenant Colonel Wcih erall, he Immediately, at seven o'clock in the eveniitg, stnrted with four companiea of the Royal Regimeot, one company of the CCtli, under Lieuienant Johnson, 2 bix pounder under Capiain Glascow, with a dclachmcnt of the Montreal Cavalry under Captain David. They crossed the Chani bly river, opponile the village of St. Malio si, but the weather was so siormy and the rain A-11 with auch violence, thal at day break, Ihey had not proceeded fartherthan the village on the opposite shore of Cbatn- bly. The uoops haviog hallcd a few mo. menta, look nome refreshmen, and forth with nioved towardsSt. Charles, but the stale of the roada waa such that they onlv succeeded in reaching St. Hilaire de I'ou ville, seven mile dislsnt fiom Su Charles. Al that place they ha'.ted the wliole night and the ncx( day, when Mjor Warde nf (he Grenadier company of the Royala waa ordered ( join Lieutenant Colonel Wrth erail from Chambly. Wiih tbf reinforce nsent, he proceeded towards St. Charles on ibe rnorning of the 25th.Novcmber. . Our jeaders oughl lo be mad acquaint ed witb the whole affair as it tben a torni on boi h sides, so that they might be enabled to forni a correcl pinion. A Mr. T. S. Brown, former'y a merchant of Montreal, o ciire nd reatous rrformrr nd an indi vidualof well known ialents.'had, as we bare Iready seeo, been lorced to lesve thst city oo ccóufit of personsl hr.ger He had made hi way io St. Charles, where Goding the jteojde were dispesed for pbyi- cai resUtsoce agsÌDt Briiish hsyon'eu, btkrt.1' f,,nP 00 the u,:i tRÌ hafow had llowcd Limaelf to le placed at the V" ' ùutU fon- head of (he insurgeats, a (heir Cenerai. tIuCl m l!,e Pfl of General Browa caa Dubbed witb thia vaia and pompous s (iile, "ertt h? m'" otrwisr (baa hy hi. ihU newlv fabricaied ofScer sooa lega H)!nBP0,,rT - , -, feti his insportance, and kept a tette ia accordscce w;ih li oiagniCccal digrwj. The hA ol iIm reegde Debartreh, memh - r of Lord Caford'a Etrctttivo Crt9i! wt iWf( bv h, ' P,ui ote Ukh tnlhmim l"va!eni in the !jo:ring jpafwbr, we hostly ine reatine , moro partirit'srlv aftrr ,he gaHant repuW wh.ch the Piìtish trtopa ,Rrl ,! bU -Mr' DrUtntVé h,u w" ,r'r.gly for tied and t wdl vi ftrrnehed stock ade wss built with tircs 1'J. U'ngil,wie, while the inietsticc a nere diteti wiih mad, and lb branches were Idi prò. jrùut.li mrasured ftvc feet high, ai,, feet at the hsse and two feci at the top, thes? tiees wcresuppoiled hy coss tioiher Thi hreastwoik was of a acmi tiicoìar form and ex i end ed acioss ll.c uian rosd, where it wasddended by two gun. Sudi was Ihc ssatenf the ddvncea at St. Chltlcs, when alter the batiUf ol St. Dcm, Dr. Wolfted Nelson, upon lcarning that a de. tachmenl rf Htitisii soldiers was nìsrchìng tpon St. Clikilcf, cm a mckMrngcr to General Brown, proffering bis aid and as nmtance with alt tha men al hi dicpois', But the Coiimiandef al St. Chatlea refuied (he offers of Dr. .Nelson, ar.d cotiteptrd iilmstil with r piviiìji thttt he r.entcd noi the assintarice of any one. Knowir.;. Mr. i. S. Brown as 'ivedo, we catinai rharfe him wilh amhiuon or jealwusy, bui wesha'j sgatn venture to rpprat wbst have - ready suiJ, thnt his inleiieclual Isruitìcs had been inj ured by the severe hìoiv he had rtceivtl on the sinh of Novemher. Those patriota, who bad becn catìcrd lo leave tbe couitiy ol L'Acadie on uriloun- ded rumor, had seM a sperisi mcwrìgcr from Swaiituii, Vi. who cartied with hii a paperaigned hy neariy al! thos who had been so far deceived as to erosa the Line, inqoiring into tbe aiate of affair at St. Charle-, and requesting Gen. Brown to in form theiT) how they could he most servioe. alile lo the cause of their country, ofTeiinj at ibe sanie lime to fumisti him with a beautiful brasa six-pounder, deetsring alio , ihcir readincss to recron the Provincinl line and joiu th patriota t St. Charles or elsewhere. The messenger gaiìanlly fui liiied bis miision, and ulorr.cd whh the answer of Gen. Brown, which was, (hai howfvcr mudi be regretted the alsence of those who had thus too soon lied from tha Province, he advised them toremain quiet, snd as to the csrnoa he replied, thal ho did not need II, as he should lake enopgh sudi articlea from the Briiish. Such was the answer which Gen. Brown gsve, boih io Dr. Wolfrcd Nelson snd to the patriot at Swanlon. Had he crcpici of ibe ofTer oflhe Hero nf St. Denis, thirre is ao doobt that the badie nf St. Charles would noi have been lost hy the patriota, and 'eonse quently (he Canadian cause would noi bave been crtishtd. Bai ueh ws the self confìdence or tather b.indnesa nf the commander al St. Charles, thst the reason. able prnposats which weie n.ade tl bini, were refused at moment when their e ceptance whuld bave epcrated ao Lappi! upoo the destili ies of a whde Provicco struggiing sgsinsl desjvotism. On the day previous to the baule of St. Charles, Canadian enthusìasm wal ta'a ed to mch a pitch hy the viciory t St. Denis, that over threc hundred meo were foaud in the camp, under arma anJ ready to encounter the cne y. But tbrough the culpa Ile negtigeuce and watit of disciplino on the part of ibe eommsnder, thi rtumlier wss reduced lo 81 men tearing guns, when the Biiiih soldiers appeared before the patriot camp on the aueceeding mera. ing. iat rxcuse can ever le given for ibis I k of foreìght nd wiiliisr diteip- line, we know oot. When Genersl Brown was swsre thstatsrge disciptined Brilh fe marching open him, tJ htd w? n (he a.gbt of the 23J ad Ia. ., ..' ... .. . . 24tb, at but a few niiles from him, how, la tbe narne of common scne rr ef common prodence, could he adow hit sidier t Ua ihe moroinf ol the Silb, st fra o. Jdork, Lenteear.t CoWnelW etbci' begsa tf u i t !