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(VOL. H, Canariiaii night and Caiiadiati Inde pciidrucr. NO. 17) THK MKTII AMEIUCAN' J. B. RYAS, Vubliikrr, , nri f'f tWiwfcjr, idr ib superili a . r o Aocinoo o( CntUnien. ff uTU' - t f,r9t . Onsdulìaraiid fiy fi fr 12 mobili, j ìh, 1rb!iBMUiy in adauca. "j I.it-'i on buine, commuuicationa for pja,Huon, io:, ite. mul b dJrew.d la the j-jb H', pottptud. ry ThM frwrJio fi new SubteriUera, WlU b ootM to inb coj'J ro''- ftj- Alf!impn" eorupicuoutly inertcd,and Vìtvurniij'f ir-'jf fr tboia bo tibi l'to"" '' Pt,er Originai. IIISTOKV OF LOWER CANADA. (coKTIJtCfcD.) f he imperiai Parliamenlof Great Britain which had so imprudently assented to LorJ John Bussel's Coereive resolutions of March 1837, finding tlial ihe Canadians were unwilling to aubmit passively tu this bold encroachment upon their constitution al rights, was stili bent or pursoing ita ivrinnicaliind unjust policy towards the opprriwed Canadians, who had unfortunale. l f.iled in iheir Orsi attempi lo free tbeir country from the baneful domination of England, fron which neilher jualice nor niffcy coutil be expected by ber rebellious iuhjftu. Cotwquenlly, in the month of Febmary, Ihi Ministers carried through the Pailiament, o bill to tutpend, or in otherword, to take iway, the constilu iion of Lower Canada and to govern thal ill-fated Province by a Governor and Social Council, or more properly the previou wocJfc-constitutional government was to oease and the people submit to the nvi ri an import ed Diclalor. How very alterine this state of thinifs must have been to Englishmen, who boast so much of constituiional liberty!! Nolwithstand ing ihey were so prood of their repreten lativf government, ihcy too had to yield nbedience to the illegal enaciuienta of this chosen band of tlaves, selected by the Dirtator, Dtirham, withouteven cousull ing the wisbes of those who were to feei the fllVcts of their legislalion. But to gratily their feelings ofbatred and revenge against the radicai party, the British fac tionUts could willingly aubmit to any in convenience and degradation, if thereby the radicala were harrassed and oppressed. A people that wouM tamely aubmit lo uch a atate of affair, must bave fallen very low in the acale of politicai existence. Asari offset for the insult and injury inflicied por the Lower Canadians by wresiingfrom them their constiluiion, the English Government thought proper to reinove Sir. John Colborne from the head of ihe Provincial adminiatration, and on the SUt March, Lord Durham, one of the most prominent politiciana of Great Britain, was appointed Gov. General and Hih Commiasioner of British North America. The destroyerof St. Euatache, was however, continued as comnunder in hief ol Her Majesty' Forces. On the 23th of May, Lord Durham, wilh ereat pomp and splendor, la oded at Qaebec, and on the S9th, iasoed bis proc. lamation of Inatallment, which our readera will find in the appendi, marked (qq) also the Commission which his Lordship held under the privale Seal of her Majesly, cnarked (rr). The next day after hia Lordship assum evi the reins of Government, the " Sir Robert Peel", a British Steam Boat, was boarded, at Well's Island in the Su Law rence Kiver, in American territory, by a l artyofmen in diguise, suppoaed to be rebela, and after ali the pasaengers and ta(gage was landed, the Boat waa col loose, towed out imo the river, and seton tue aad bwrnt to the water' eJge. Thia ireomatance waa rather annoying to Lord Porham who bad auppoaed, that a! Brit$h North America, would immediate fj aubmit to aia goternment. His Exc'y. pon hearing of thia bold and daring act, fwtharith iaaued a proclamatwn, Bering targe rewards for the discorery anJ appre heoaioft of the perpetrator o thia outrage Bot hia proclamatiooa and rewarda aailed bla oeUiieg, lor in tbìi a wtìì ai ia bia ubaequent undertakiega, he bad the mor. tification of wittiesaing the failure of his most aangoinrexpectationa. Many of the fr.ends of ihe politicai pria ottera who were tingerìng io the jnil ol Montreal, bad been led hy some of their correapopdents in England, to hope that Ior(M)urhamon bis arrivai in the Prov ince, tVouId grant a general amnesty wnh out any reatrictiona whatever. For lear of compromising their imprisoned friends, the patriota baJ thought prudent net to peti tion bia Excellcncy for the liberation of those who were cruelly auffering in crow ded and filthy jails.while on the olher ide, Ird Durham aeein to bave been rather ìn dnuht what courae to pursue Ile was afraid that if he liberated the po. liticai priaoners without any conditiono whatever, the loyalist would be dissaiisfìfd and oppose bis adminiatration, jet hi Lordship too weli knew the real leelings oj the great mass of the people to expeci, that by a fair and impaniai trial by jury, he conld conviti any ol the prisonera of lite crime of High Treason- It was the Crown that had rebelled egainst the peo ple, who had taker up arma in their own defenee. The next expedienf, contempla led by his Excellency, wa lo appoint a special commission to try the prisoners. and t seems that he was fully bent on ( h a ( project, had he not aucceeded in nhnmc fully and mtanìy extoriing from some of the prisonerx, a wrilten confeasion in which they acknowledged their guilt and pui thcmselvpg under the immediate disposa) of his Excellency. To eflect this ohject, Lord Durhom made use of a pliant tool named John Simpson, a ctlleclor of Her Majesty's Customs at Coteau du Lac, in the county ol Vaudre uil. This individuai called upon the prisonera and afier some preliniinary cunversation wilh them, he advised ihrm topetilion Lord Durham and at the aarne time, he invited about twenty of the prisoners to pign a document which he handed lo them. The paper was reaJ, revised and very essentially oltered, and after much consultation and deliheraiion, eight of the prisoners, at the head of whorn was thegallant Heroof St. Denis, 6ii.'n'd the adJress to Lord Durham, which my be found in the appendix, (s.s.) We forbear to make any harsh expressions concerning this document, in which fiat, terir.g and undfseived complimerits are lavished upon the Representative of a murderous Queen. However, we canbut deprecate the act as contrasing wilh the nohle conduct ol the brave and genrous Leader al St. Denis; and could he not plead that patriotism and philanthropy alone influenced him to suhscribe hia un aullied name to that adulalory address, we ahonld be forced io censure the deed. Bui when w eonsider that by thua offering ihemse!ve8 as vidima upon the aliar ol iheir country, they were instrumer.tal in re cstablisbin peace and tranquillity in a distracted Province, ojening the priaon doora lo hundreds of their countrymen and thereby restoring to their homes and families, fathers, husbands, brolhers and sona who had been ao cruelly and inhu. manly torn Irom their parenis,wive,sisters and chilJren, we respect, weapplaud the motive but regiet the act, though auch nhilanthropic and hiijh-soiiled motivea are enough to exonerate ihem from blame, tot having affixed their signatures to a paper which laaded one of the insirurrents ol Colonia! Vassalage. Il would appear that Lord Darham did not fiod this address of the priaoners a, expikit as he wished, and Mr. Simpson was again seni back to the jail and after having submitted to the priaoners, His Excellency' objections, obtained Irom themaaecood lelter more expbcit, which will befoand io the apjendix, (t.t) The next rewa whtch ihe signers of these letlers to Lord Duibam, received, was that they were to be lransj)oried lo Bermuòa as Mate prisoners, lor n iiiucuii.- -""4, to be dealt with according io her majesly' pleasnre, who, ibroogh ber Vice Rfgrnt ia Lower Caoada,' was pleased to order these Exile, to b pnt aoder aach resuainu oo ibe laland sa to prevent ihrir return. Thua by ibi wanton act of the special council appointed by Iord Durham, in the place of Colborne'a council, right persona of unblemished fame, were tianjoited like felons to a penai colony wiihfjut a trial by their peera, as gturanierd hy the; Magna t'hai la of England and the suhe quent arts of the Impelisi Parliarrent. These gentleleu received only a very short notice ol'the fate that avvaitrd them; some were noi even alltwed lime to receive ihe lasl flirticeli emhraccs of their weep. ing friends. To cap the clirnex of the treachery nraelised upon thete noble vie timsof Brilikh tvranny, they were hand cvjfed in pairs previou to leaving ihe jail lo go on board the Sic am Boat w hich was io convey them to Quek, and which for that purpose hai dropped down i.tarly apposite the piare rf iheir confinement. The indienation of thrse poble men wan excitrd alioost beyopd control, when they learned that, they had been manacled l'or ihe purpose ol exposing them in a hurtiili atìng Hiiuation, to ihe ineuliing aze ol the lories who had assemhled in vs.st num ber to witness the hearl-rendin? agony ofparents and rhiltlren, hnsbanda and wives, brothers and sisters, friends nd neighbors parting perhaps forever. Con the readerdraw a faiihful picture of the cnnfliciing feeling which moved the as semblei! multitude! The patriota were al in tears, and even aomeof the most fiu mane among the lories could not refi ani from ahedding lears of regret al their cru el fate, ivhile iheless feeling the leading tories, were either rejoiing at their donni or corcplaining of il lenity! Asaoon as the prisoners were emharked on board o' ih ìtam. linai, the order was iriveii lo SIS. u" move forward, and the Canadians once more gave a aeep-arawn aign, h mai adieu to the idolsof thtir alft-ctions. They arrived al Quebec on the next morning and were iniinedialely pnt on board of the Fetta!., which sailed Ihe next day; previous io their departure, the prisoners addressed a letier to their deceiver, resenting the gross insult which be had so nieanly im posed upon them. The prisonera were allowed the liberty "of the deck, after bav ing pledged iheir honor lo temam orderly on board the Ship; after a proeperou voy age they were safely lande I al Bermuda, vhere they again had lo pledge ihemselves not lo violate the restrictions imposed upon them by the governor of ihe Island. This flairanl violation of ali Uw, in exiling these eight individuala without trial, was not the only arbitrary net of Lord Durham. Sixteen other Canadian gent lenienf were banished io the United States without trial or examinalion; these indi, viduals, togelher with the Bermuda exilesj were inlormed that if they reiurned lo the Province of Lower Canada, they would he putlodeath. Thal sudi a staiesman Iord Durham prelendcd io be, could com. mit auch an atrociotis and unconstitutional act, ia beyond ali comprehenniori, unh'fst il he that the man wa ccrnpletely btinded hy his own infatuation. In order lo give our readers a luti opportunily lo exercise their own jodgement upon this tyrannical eilici of Lord Durham's Star Chamber compos ed of oien newly imported itilo ihe Province we lay fieAire them thisdocument by which the .ìutocrat of ali Britibh North America, freely dispósej of the livea and liberile of Britieh subjects. Itwill be found in the: appendix, markcdfu.u.) That those tette men who enacted this onjust edct, may be known we give their names below. IVotfrtd Xttton, Robert Short Mi!nt$ Bovtkttte, T. il. fJcéd., Simttn Martktt nauti. Bonattntur Vigtr, Henri Atphonn Ganvi, Lmc H. Mmiom, Rbdotphi Dtt. Riviertt. J. PepinrirH. (Sptakrr rf thr AsrrmHii.) R. .Xetion, M P f, E E ReJitr, M P P. E. B O'Caiiagkan, M P P, L. Xrery, M P h, CHO Colt, M P P. J (Jagnen, T .', E Chartier, Prieit, G Cartirr, Iitcytr, L. Perreault, Preprittcr ff tht l'inéiraior, J Rva,mUr, J Ryca,jmnior, P P Ittmaray, yp, Dt J F Darignon, L Oauthier. Xt Ctutrttt Pagtt, Ciani trote tftk J7oa trria ordir, l'ire Admiiot of 'the H'hitr, Mr. Oen. Sir Jamt Hc'DwtU. KCB.tr A' C H. Celanti George Cooper, Hon. CUrlet tuUet. j The acta of Lnrd Derl as' ivtann'cal J admìnUtrttion, had aliea.ly Wcome ao kIk'u ihat il was frared by bis liirni!, that it would brd.fiìt ult for hi Exceliercy lo rarry on hi S"verr.n ent. But as a ! routttrrjHiiie fr hia despotìr draiirgs low a'i! (bone ievoied irtiina whk h l.e had iJhm iaIiciouly dwrord to perseeuiion, exile and min, Lord Durham prc!inad a general amnealy, which however rxclu led from ita benefit, a Mimtar of he " liticai priiier. Velilieel jtidicìd mur. dm had taken place in Ihe Umrt Pro, ilice, and the iWp horror and ind gnation prinlured hy these bloody and inhuinan leni, wasao apparenl, that Lord Durham deniied il noi advixahle to adoj.t ihe aanu hi kmIv an.l denputic mi'au'ta in the Iow er Province, bui at the sanie lime th tory -'action ol tl.U coliuiv, were anxious to see ihese proscrihed pstiiois, espiate theii politicai offencen upon the M'affo!!1. Con scqtienily, the cunning and deceitful Gov eruor ti a J rrcourse lo an expedien: very low and degrading lor auch a pretended high character, and by hi Ordiitence, chap ter liist, "lo provide lor the ecurity ni the Piovinee of Lower Canada", bia Ex cellency excluded from the benefìls l the ameaty, ten individuali as heing connect ed with the pretended murder of Lieut Wier and the tpy Joseph Chartrand. ,Our readers bave nlready sen our views on the logality of the proceitiing of, those who, in a stale of open war, had found il necessa ry to infiict death upon lhee men, we bhall therelore refrain Irom any l'uriher comment. A copy of Lord Drham' amnenlv may he lound in the appendix, marked (v.v. But few worda suflìce to give an culline of lord Durham's pompous and vain nd ministration, which resuhed in a total ilin appointment of al! hii airy anticipatimi on leaving ihe aborea ol England for the Canadian Provinces. As eoon an his det potic ei'.icts were pub!ihed in Englnpd lord Brougham, the chanijiion of Canadian liberty, brooght them before ihe Iloime t( Lord, whiUt aimilar Heps tve'e adopt ed in the Common ; the minisi ry could noi support lord Durham' nets ;, tln-y were cenured ; a bill of itjdemniiy wa iminediately pased by boti Ilonses and sanctioned by ihe Queen, lo retrieve this flagrant violation ol the fundamenia! prin. ciples of the EnglNh Constiluiion, an.l lord Durham's panisi aninesiy wasdis-al-lowed. On the receijil of this news, the petulsnt and haughty Governor Generai issued a proclamation, explaining his mo tives and leeming with bitter invectivr against the Ministry for wit holding their cordial aupport Irom hia measurrs, and concluding by stating bis determination to abandon his responsi b!e andàrduus post of Governor. He retnrned lo England, where he published a long and ab!e rejiorl on tiic actual state of boti Canada, cor. recl o far as il porjrayed the mismanege meat of the oflìciala in the Vpjier l'rov ince, bui replete with the bilterest and most ignorant prejudices againsl the popu lation ol the Lower Province. Indeed when we reflect that his lordship arrived in Lower Canada at the end of May and lefl at the beginniog of Jsovember, a great pari of his time having bren spent in trav. ersing: the lower province and injourneying through, Upper Canada, i-eidnm meeting the leader of the radicai party and cfn- stantly besieged by the tory (action, we are not surpriwd that lord Dorham corri- mitted auch gross errors. His disgrace and downfall io Canada followed him acrc the Atlantic, and after a paioli! exwteiieè' embittered with the ad reeolWetion of bis l'ormer elevated poiiioD io public estima tion, he dencended to the lomb, an example uf justly punihed vanity, ambitilo and detpct".sm. (To be continue!.) $ Frascm JWl,Ji Btfttiua J.or,hmU Luaucr, Fianca Misafc, Fract Tbl, at Uing eocrd in lk ptttenied rT af Lia. lTCa al H'mr, Amabla D'im. Freaa Um, Lajta, Gida tajMeaalc, J - plBur.iJi SWANTON, JULYZl94l. "rttiiriit to Tilt t n , FOREIGN NEWS. The siean hip tVumti'a, whirh I.ft LÌvrrpM.I cn tbe 4,, ,nM f ,rfj,ej jjot. ton on Ihe ICih Jone, m&kir g the paagr, inciu.Iiog l-r atop- tP M H.i,fx ; j,,, over twelv daya, th qu tke.t trip yi made. The arrotini of the- U ini rem in the Ea. g!i(.h manufacturing diirit;f at f ib moni gloomy and hrari-rrudiig nature. And tl.i diatrrgf U I kely t . incrraae rather than diir.in a1 ! Ala h .w deplorable i the itiiaitonof the ovrr-wrotjchi, ovrr.taxrd and atarving o;ieraiie of that misgov erned country The newa from China is lo (he Istof Aprii. War, heiwren the Engliih and Chii.cve, is rcneweil, and, al the bayonet' point, England is determinai to introduca that tii-adly jwiiann, cpium, lo slultify and brutalie the people ihere Cantori and ali the f.rt cn the Rogur eO nule front ihe ara wrre taken posM-sion of, on Ihe 25ih Feh., by the Briiisli. Many of the ihe Chine.' fell in ibi atlark, and a yel Urger nutnbrr bave Iwen slaughterej io cold blood ! How many more are yet lo fall a prey lo lite graing evarice of those frechooters reniains to be seen. And stranga io say, whiie ihe whole world i condemn- ing ihe outrsge ai tmjusi and inhuman, the conimanderof the rxpediiion isfuriou v asailed by his counirymen, Ar noi doing more ihan he has done ! He murder too sparingly and plunders loo daintily to astia fy bis employera ! Aasuredly Heaven just ice will not over sleep, and an end wil! yet come lo the present unhaliowed carrer of Great Britain. Danne, the last one whohaJ atlempted the an!isiìnation ol the money-loving ty. rant of his country, Loui Philippe, wa uillotined at Paris on the 3t of My. He hooKied of hi conduci while under ihe Cnillotine refuscd lo name his arcomplicc and proclaimeil the King a traitor to th Cmisiiimion and to Fiance. Fear were enlertaiiied of an aticmpied rescue by ihe people, and the ini.'itary were prcaent in great numbers His pardon was idrico olTered him, if he would disrlone hia arcom. pi ice, bui he declined, aaying, ihat ha would rarry that secret with him to the grave." Hi Ut word, whiie the aia wa descending to bebead him, were " Vive la France !" Hi body was in lerred in the etxlosure exclusively appro priaied for those, who attempi the life of the King. The next steam pscket, which has era this probably reached Boston, will brina; imporlani newa from England. Tlie de hateon the corti law, if decided againat the present ministy, will necessitate a dia- solution of Parliament, and ale Englaml mul he in a ferment end exeìtement. The priviieges of the Britinh arismrraey ara now being serionsly menaceli, and it is not impoMÌble but this crisi may be a begli, ning of a better digesied and more aurcesa fui attempi at revolution ihsn thal of 1683. Tut Càptivc Patsmts. The pro- ceedinga of a public meeting holden at Newark, Wayne Co., N. Y.,an.I a memo, rial to Conzrrss in bebalf of the generoua hearted men who are dragging col a life uf slavery in Van Diemen' land, bave been sent uw for publiration bnt too lst for thia No., they will reerive a promin ent nolice io our next. fiight glad are to find one soi thr ughoot ibi elensir Republic, wl.ere Ihe aordij rovefonsi esiof the sge bas neilher earrd the l.rart to the oul-debaaing, bodyen!ving -rvittide rf our neighbor, countrymen and friend, nor ruutrf led the tongoe nor press, to eloak if fK)HÌble, or to estenuate the ripara'!? r J barbarity with which thrse ecfortunate meo are treatrd ! V7" Spaee is not left ieontìnf thr expme eommenced laM week, bt leepeorti quaker, ibi arpret Ptecl wì!J W aasply corapentateo acxi wets.