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FOR FARMERS Winter Quarters For Poultry. At this sea sou of the year plans should be formed and work done to make winter poultry keeping profita ble. The poultry house should have a careful cleaning and whitewashing and everything about it put in repair. The nests should be cleaned and thor oughly sprayed with a louse spray and disinfectant and tilled with clean hay. jstraw or excelsior, as hens have no de sire to lay in a dirty nest. All dust webs and discarded feathers, chick brooders, boxes and boards should be removed from the house. i Open cracks and knotholes behind, beneath or on either side of the roosts should be covered with a heavy tarpa per. Tilt* paper will prevent any draft on the fowls while they are on the roosts. Drafts not only endanger the health of fowls, but greatly hinder jwinter egg production. . Clean the Da.ry Barn. t When you are getting the cow barns ready for winter remove the cobwebs that have accumulated during the sum mer with a broom. Brush down the sides of the burn, removing any accu initiation of rubbish. Then apply a coat of whitewash. If you have not done this before you will be surprised at the results achieved and the pride the milkers will take in keeping the barn clean and in making it a respect able place in which to work an hour or two each day. | The Aylesbury Duck. Aylesbury ducks have been bred In the vicinity of Aylesbury, England, for about 200 years. The ylumage is white. They have flesh colored beaks and or ange colored legs. The bodies are long, with a level carriage. They are larger than the Peking ducks and sell for more money in England, principally because they are more popular. The weight of an adult drake is nine pounds and the duck eight pounds, which is a pound heavier in each case than Pekings. Test the Wool. In keeping lambs for breeding It is a good idea to test their wool Tough fiber may be transmitted from one generation to another, and it is well to select only those which have good crops. THE UTILIZATION I OF ROUGHAGE Disposal of Coarse Feeds a Problem to Be Solved. ■ Bulletin 153 of the Indiana experi ment station contains the significant statement that "one of the greatest losses on the farm is due to the luck of proper utilization of roughage in cidental to grain production " There are produced upon the farm large quantities of rough feeds that do not bring on the market prices to jus tify the removal of such quantities of plant food as of necessity accompanies the sale of such products. Therefore one of the greatest problems to be solved in successful farming is the dis posal of the roughage produced on the farm in such a way as to secure the feeding value and at the same time conserve the olant food therein con tained . It is impossible to produce grain without also producing large amounts of roughage. Since cattle are the most satisfactory animals to consume large quantities of roughage the solution of the roughage problem lies largely with this class of stock, and with it rests the real value of roughage grown on the farm. Cattle feeding is coming more and more to be considered as a means of marketing grain, conserving soil fertility aud completely utilizing the roughage produced on the farm rather than a means of commercial Dairy Wisdom. 1 Cows to do justice to good feed must have proper care and stabling to keep them in a thoroughly thrifty con dition. The only luck in dairying results from good, careful management, which commences with the calf and follows along through every operation connect ed with the business, j Some otherwise good buttennakers fail to get the butter salted evenly One reason is that a small amount of butter loses more salt in proportion during the working process than a large churning. ! Alfalfa meal 19 a very appetizing dairy feed. Cows make good use of it and give much more milk when it is used. Like other concentrated feeds it must be used with caution until the cows become accustomed to it. # Alfalfa Meal. Alfalfa meal anal vims about the same as wheat bran. It is worth more than bran to feed because it |K>ssesses an element of palatability that the analysis does not reveal At first -some cows are not sure whether they like it or not. but before many days they show their appreciation at feed ing time, and they show it in the milk pall by increasing the quantity. SELECT jOLLi^S Bread In the Kansas Wheat Crop. Bread! The state of Kansas alone will this year produce enough wheat to feed more than one-sixth of the population of the United States foi one year. The soldiers of our army are allowed one loaf of bread a day. aud the immense Kansas wheat crop would provide this avera . e ration for 17.537.1.:i i soldiers for one year. The magnitude of the crop is illustrated again in the statement that it could be made to girdle the earth at the equa tor thirty-two times with beautiful, one pound loaves. For their bumper crop the farmers of Kansas will re ceive the handsome total of $83,000,- 000. and were the wheat all made into bread and sold at 5 cents per loaf the bakeshops would get for it $320,000,- 000. The building of the Panama ca nal has been looked upon as a stu pendous undertaking for any nation, yet here is a single crop in a single state which by the time it reaches the ultimate consumer will be sold for considerably more than half the cost of digging the big ditch.—Leslie’s. Egg Membrane For Skin. For a long time doctors have been looking for a good substitute for hu man skin for grafting. The possibility has lately been demonstrated by tak ing the mein bra ne that lines the shell of newly laid eggs, plastering it over the burn and making it grow as human skin. The discoverer of this process was treating a child who had pre viously been burned and in breaking a raw egg he desired the child to swal low dropped part of the membrane by accident upon the burn and bandaged the wound. Later on it was discov ered that rlie accidental placing of the egg membrane over the burn had caus ed cells to augment in number and gradually to extend over the wound until at the end of some weeks the sur face was completely covered with the new skin. The treatment was called to the attention of physicians, and it is now being used to cure scalds.—Har per’s. Silk From Horse Flesh. German chemists are reported to have succeeded in utilizing fibrous ani mal refuse—such as the flesh of dead horses—for making artificial silk. Treatment with acids disintegrates the flesh into its ultimate fibers, and these are given a silky appearance with great durability by a kind of tanning process. The threads produced, greatly resembling those of the wild silkworm, are about two inches long. They can be vulcanized like true silk and can be made air tight and water tight by im mersion for a couple of hours in a caoutchouc bath under a pressure of four atmospheres. The material seems to promise something cheaper than silk for balloon envelopes, insulation, etc., though attempts to spin the fibers into thread have not yet been successful. An Alaskan Volcano. Some of the exciting experiences of teachers aud others in service in Al aska are told in recent reports received by the United States bureau of educa tion. One of the most interesting re ports describes the eruption of Matmai volcano, iD western Alaska, which de stroyed a native village and buried the country for a hundred miles in volcan ic ash. Three feet of pumice covered the ground where the village of Kat mai formerly stood, and the natives had to flee for their lives. They were eventually rescued by the United States revenue cutter Manning and taken to anew site on Ivanoff bay, where the government has set them up in housekeeping. A school will probably be established in the new village. A Well Known Profile. A woman w ith one of the best ktiowo profiles in France was buried recently. Mile. Adeline was twenty years old in 1848. The artist Oudine, who was asked to engrave a head of the repub lic for the coinage to replace that of King Louis Philip De. chose Mile. Ade line as his model. Her face in profile was of exquisite purity, and even as an old woman she bad the coquetry to dress her white hair as she wore it on the coins. She died unmarried. The story goes that she fell in love with Oudine himself during the sittings and. as he had a wife already, remained un married for his sake.—Paris Letter. . France’s Profits on Gambling. According to a published report on the subject the French government’s “rakeoff” on gambling is not a small sum. The law compelling keepers of gaming places to turn over to the treas ury of the republic 15 per cent of their profits went into effect in 1907 and in the first year netted the government 13,000,000 francs. The amount has grown every year and will probably ex ceed 48.000.000 francs this year. The record shows also the enormous profits made by the owners of the “gambling hells.” one of whom (at Nice), who had been a poor painter, retired with a fortune of 20.000,000 francs. Chopping Up a Glacier. One of Switzerland’s noted glaciers that of Saleinez, above Orsieres. the starting point of the great St. Bernard railroad, has fallen a victim to com mercialism. Since the opening of the railroad it has been found worth while to quarry the glacier and sell the ice. First It is blasted with dynamite and then the blocks are shot down an in clined plane two kilometers in length to the bottom of the valley. From there they are carted to the railroad station and thence shipped to all parts of Europe " "Eccentric John UncferwoodT John Underwood, who died at Whit tlesea. England, in 1733. left some odd instructions for his burial. His fortune of £(>.ood went to bis sister, provided that no bell was tolled at his grave, no relative followed Ills coffin and various other arrangements were carried out. Six men only were invited and request ed not to come in “black.” who received 10 guineas each for their services. Service over, an arch was raised over the green painted coffin, with “Non Ornnis Moriar. 1733.” inscribed on white marble. The six men sang the last stanza of the twentieth ode of the second book of Horace. The deceased, who had been coffined fully dressed.had under his head “Sanadow’s “Horace.” at his feet Bentley’s “Milton.” in his riaht hand a Greek Testament and in his ,eft hand a small “Horace.” The six on repairing to his house to a cold repast had ro sing the thirty-first ode and drink a cheerful glass before retir ing at 8 p m. This done, directed the will. “Think no more of John Under wood ” Books In Ancient Rome. It has been pointed out that in old Rome books Were actually produced and sold more easily .and quickly than they are in modern times With his trained staff of readers and transcrib ers, it is contended, an ancient Roman publisher could turn out an edition of any work at very cheap rates and al most a moment's notice. There was. of course, no initial expense of type setting before a single copy could be produced, no costly extras in the form of printer’s corrections. The manu script came from the author; the pub lisher handed it to his slaves, and if the book were of ordinary dimensions the complete edition could, it is said, be ready if necessary within twenty four hours. The old Roman libraries were immense as well as splendid. Plutarch says that the library of Lu eullus, who expended much of bis mon ey on books, ‘‘had walks, galleries and cabinets open to all visitors.” it was proposed by Julius Caesar to open this library to the public.—Harper’s. Eating In the Fifth Act of Life. The advice which Sydney Smith gave to Lord Murray on the subject of diet was probably sound. “If you wish for anything like happiness in the fifth act of life.” he wrote, “eat and drink one half of what you could eat and drink. Did I ever tell you my calculations about eating and* drinking? Having ascertained the weight of what 1 could live upon so as to preserve health and strength, and what i did live upon. I found that between ten and seventy years of age l had eaten and drunk forty-four horse wagon loads of meat aud drink more than would have preserved me in life and health. The value of this mass of nourishment I considered to be worth £7,000. It occurred to me that I must, by my voracity, have starved to death fully 100 persons. This is a frightful calculation, but irresistibly true.” How a Woman Saved Nice. It happened in August. 1543. and is recalled by Mrs. Walter Tibbits in “Cities Seen In East and West.” Nice (then under the dukes of Savoy) was being besieged by Francis 1. and Bar barossa: Catherine Segurine was a washerwo man whose creed was laborare est orare. She carried food to the defend ers on the ramparts still left The Turks had put up a scaling ladder. The captain led his party, and they were actually on the parapet. She rushed at the Turkish officer, wrenched the flag he was carrying from him. beat him back with the butt end and threw down the ladder on top of all. Then, rallying the soldiers, they threw open a postern, made a sortie and drove the Turks to the shore. The Pitt Diamond. A historical diamond is the Re gent or Pitt diamond. Id weight it is 136% carats, and in clearness it is un rivaled. Its form is nearly perfect, its diameter and depth being almost equal. It was found in India and brought to England by Mr. Pitt, grandfather of the famous Earl of Chatham, and sold by him to the Due d’Orleans for £l3O. 000 It afterward decorated the royal crown of France, and Napoleon used it to ornament the hilt of his sword New York’s First Street Cleaner. The Dutch housewives of old New York, ever noted for their housekeep ing qualities, created the agitation which resulted in the appointment of the first public street cleaner in New York in 1692. He was Laurens Van der Speigle, a baker. His daughter married Rip Van Dam. who afterward became governor of New York, an il lustration of the democracy of that day. Consolation. “What made you so angry at the gen tleman, dearie?” “He said that I was a fool and that my hat was too big for me.” “Cheer up. darling. - He was wrong about your hat It fits you fine.”— Cleveland Plain Dealer. The Three Possessions. ”Pve a kitchenette In my flat. What’s the feature of yours. Jones?” “A cellarette. And of yours. Smith?” “I’ve got a suffragette in mine.”—Ex change. A Free Thinker. Tommy—Pop, what is a free thinker? Tommy’s Pop—A free thinker, my son. is any mai who isn’i married.—Phi la delphia Record. It is wise to save the first dollar that* one makes in business, but wiser to save the NEW TALES THAT_ARE TOLD No Strangers Allowed. Frank H. Hitchcock, the postmaster general of the United States, takes the deepest interest in even the smallest details of the postal service. One evening he was at the Union station In Washington when he decided to go into one of the railway mail service cars to see how the mail matter was being handled. Being a tall man and very athletic, he easily swung himself “WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY THAT?” ASKED HITCHCOCK INDIGNANTLY. from the platform into the car, but he did not find it an easy matter to stay put. A burly postal clerk grabbed him by the shoulders, propelled him toward the side door and practically ejected him to the platform below. “What do you mean by that?” asked Hitchcock indignantly. “I mean to keep you out of this car.” replied the clerk roughly. “Hitch cork has j;iven us strict orders to keep all strangers out of these cars.”—Pop ular Magazine. KEPT UNDER CLOSE SURVEILLANCE What Happened to a Man With a Robust Appetite. Harry Clot worthy. who is an expert on military affairs, entered the dining room of the National Press club one morning and carried with him a rav enous appetite. Having eaten one breakfast, which consisted largely of eggs, he ordered another breakfast, which consisted even more largely of eggs. After his repast he went to the writing room to get off some letters. Half an hour later the steward of the club found the colored waiter loafing about the entrance of the writing room and asked him what he meant by be ing absent from his post. “I got a good excuse.” exclaimed the waiter, exhibiting the check for the egg breakfast “Mr. Clotworthy done eat $2 worth of eggs, and I ain’t goin’ to let him git away from here without payin’ for them, high as eggs is now.” —Popular Magazine. The Accused. Senator Poindexter was talking about a particularly flagrant piece of cor ruption. “It makes me think of Wash White.” he said. “Wash White, you know, went to a lawyer and said: “ ‘Look here, boss, I’ve got myself in trouble, and I want you to defend me.’ “ ‘All right,’ said the lawyer. ‘Have yon got any money?’ “ ‘No, I ain’t got no money,’ answer ed Wash White, ‘but I’ve got an im ported ball gown, a pair of hand painted silk stockings, a choice set of French lingerie and a gold vanity box.’ “ ‘That’ll do. I guess.’ said the law yer. ‘And now, what’s your trouble? What are you accused of?’ “ ‘Bobbin’ an Atlantic City bath house.’ said Wash White.”—Washing ton Star. Drew’s Barberous Tale. John Drew has always been noted for his clever retorts. His latest, which is credited with having occurred in a Broadway barber shop, somewhat dumfounded the tonsorial artist Mr. Drew has very fine and silky brown hair. It looks a little thin when it is uncombed, but properly arranged it shows itself to be very thick and comely. As the barber laid his moist, coot palm on the actor’s skull he said: “You are somewhat bald. sir. Have you tried our special tonic?” “Yes.” returned Mr Drew. “But that wasn’t what made ray hair fall out”— Chicago Inter Ocean The Speed Mania. Mr. Newear (about to start on his first trip in his recently purchased mo torcar. to his chauffeur)—Now, Wil liam, 1 want it thoroughly understood I will not have fast driving. Always keep well under the legal limit, not as close to it as you can. Ten miles an hour is fast enough for me. What I want is comfort, not excitement. Do you understand? Three days later. “Er—er—William, I must be back to the house by 7 o’clock. This road seems very straight and wide. I think you might go just a little faster without danger?’* Two days later. “William, this dust is very unpleasant. If you could pass that car ahead—it seems to be going rather slowly.” Next day. “Put on a little more speed, William. There’s no use in be ing a crank. This road is too good to lose the chance.” A week later. “Open her up, Wil liam. There are no police within five miles. I’ll bet. and if there are who cares? I’m out for fun. Let her rip. Let her rip. This is no steam roller. Let’s have some speed.”—Philadelphia Ledger. Seme Butchers’ Names. A butcher who had some spare time made a study of the New York tele phone directory for butchers whose names are out of the ordinary or fit the business. Sam Frankerfurter has a shop at 211) East Seventh street and A. Weiner is at 1443 avenue A. John Now is ou Third avenue and, Frank Then on Amsterdam avenue. If they formed a partnership Now & Then would sound familiar. Wing Sang is iii the poultry business and A. Fox is a game dealer. Louis Rich is on Third avenue and John Richer is in the Bronx. Emil Half is on Amster dam avenue. George Idler hustles in a market on Webster avenue. * John Grab is taking things easy in his shop on Second avenue. Max Warm is on East Houston street. Max Lent of Norfolk street never keeps it. Joseph Hug of West Fifteenth street should be a favorite with the women. For the finish how about Julius Goodby of avenue A?—Butchers’ Advocate. Old and New. The old-fashioned woman who wore red flannels and turpentine as protec tion for her chest now has a daughter who wears talcum and a bangle on hers. —Galveston News. Many Children Are Sickly. Mother Gray’s Sweet Powder for Children Break np Colds in 24 hours, relieve Feverishness, Headache, Stom ach Trouble, Teething Disorders, and Destroy Worms. At all druggists, 25c. Sample mailed FREE. Address Allen S. Olmsted, Reßoy, N. Y. 50w3 The Drift. A Correction.—*‘We are drifting to ward a paternal form of government,” said the economist. “Pardon me if I correct you,” responded the suffragette gently: “to be accurate you should say a maternal form of government.”—Case and Comment. Awfully Slow. He —Darling. I have loved you ever since first we met. She —Well, why didn’t you say so long ago? Did you think I was a mind reader? Happy the man who early learns the wide chasm that lies between his wish es and his powers.—Goethe. H. L. Blomquist, a very well known merchant of Esdaile, Wis., states: “My wife considers Foley’s Honey & Tar Compound the best cough cure on the market. She has used various kinds, but Foley’s Honey & Tar Compound gives the best results.” Best for chil dren and for grown persons. Contains no opiates. —M. E. Titus. The Last Word. “How did you come to bid so ex travagantly on so poor a hand?” asked the patient partner. “Humph!” returned Mrs. Flimgilt. “You didn’t suppose I was going to let that woman on my right have the last word, did you?”—Washington Star. So Did He. “Do you know.” said the successful merchant pompously, “’that 1 began life as a ‘barefoot boy ?’ ” “Well.” said his clerk. “I wasn’t born with shoes on either.” Catching Her. She (pouting*—Before we were mar ried you often used to catch me in your arms. and now I catch you In nay pockets. git You Are a Trifle Sensitive About the size of your shoes, it’s some satisfaction to know that many people can wear shoes a size smaller by shak ing Allen’s Foot-Ease into them. Just the thing for Patent Leather Shoes, and for breaking in New Shoes. Sold everywhere 25c. Sample FREE. Ad dress Allen S. Olmsted, Leßoy, N. Y. Automatically Attentive. , “Listen to your wife." advises a med ical expert The average man doesn't have to listen. He hears her any how. —Nashville Banner. On and Off. “What a lot of style the Browns are putting on!” “Yes. and what a lot of creditors they are putting off!’* Mrs. S. A. Swagel, Krok, Wis., a well known resident of Kewaunee Cos., says: “I always use Foley’s Honey & Tar Compound for my children, as I know it will always cure their coughs and colds, and they like to take it.” Refuse substitutes.—M. E. Titus. Pianos IT is my aim to sell pianos that I know absolutely will give perfect sa .isfaction and in addition to guar antee given by the makers, 1 person ally stand back of every instrument sold. Theo. A. Clarke D. Warner, Prop. Hotel, Westboro, Wis., states: “We use Foley’s Honey and Tar Compound in our family and consider it a sure cure for coughs and colds. Our children like to take it as it has such a pleasant taste. —M. E. Titus. e.% mm ■ Has One Advantage. The fact that a politician hasn’t any presidential bee of his own sometimes makes it easier for him to stir up a hornet’s nest for the other fellows. A Great Falls when its foundation is undermined, and if the foundation of health —good diges tion—is attacked, quick collapse fol lows. On the first signs of indigestion. Dr. King’s New Life Pills should be taken to tone the stomach and regulate liver, kidneys and bowels. Pleasant, easy, safe and only 25 cents at M. E. Titus. Numbered. “I suppose it’s true/’ sighed Miss Wellon, ‘‘that the hairs of one’s heart are numbered. 1 know that this is the eighty-fourth one I’ve lost since the middle of April.” “Tells the Whole Jstory" To say that Foley’s Honey & Tar Compound is the best for children and grown persons and contains no opiates tells only part of the tale. The whole story is that it is the best medicine for coughs, ‘ colds, croup, bronchitis and other affections of the throat, chest and lungs. Stops la grippe, coughs and has a healing and soothing effect. Remem ber the name, Foley’s Honey & Tar Compound, and accept no substitutes. —M. E. Titus. The Life of a Farmer. The life of the husbandman —a life fed by the bounty of earth and sweet ened by the airs of heaven. —Douglas Jerrold. Twinges of rheumatism, backache, stiff joints and shooting pains all show your kidneys are not working right. Urinary irregularities, loss of sleep, nervousness, weak back and sore kid neys tell the need of a good reliable kidney medicine. Foley Kidney Pills are tonic, strengthening and restora tive. They build up the kidneys and regulate their action. They will give you quick relief and contain no habit forming drugs. Safe and always sure. —M. E. Titus. Sunshine Predominates. If you count the sunny and the cloudy days of the whole year, you will find that the sunshine predomi nates. —Ovid. Mrs. Fred Laabs, 408 High Forest, Winona, Minn., states: “My husband had kidney trouble with severe pain across his back and was miserable and tired out. His bladder acted irregu larly and there was a brick-dust like sediment. Finally he took Foley Kid ney Pills with the result that the pain left him, his bladder acted regularly and he was strong and well again.”— M. E. Titus. -■• . - Addition to Ireland’s Wealth. A recent discovery in Ireland indi cates the presence of a large area rich in copper, sulphur and arsenic. CASTOR IA For Infants and Children. The Kind You Have Always Bought Bears the /jjf Signature of Rule Works Both Ways. The man who thinks that the “I don’t-care-for-anyone” attitude is the xhanly attitude will live long enough td realize that no one cares for him. W. A. Crayton, Bessville, Mo., writes about Foley Kidney Pills and says: “I got down on my back last winter with kidney and bladder trouble and could hardly get up. I got a bottle of Foley Kidney Pills and took them and they straightened me right up. I recom mend them to all who have kidney trouble.”—M. E. Titus. And Then They Envy Others. Most men do not care to pay the price of success in labor, perseverance and self-denial.