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THOMAS M. OSBORNE
Noted Uew York Prison War den Says Indictment Is Framed. (a ’’ ': ~ A GENERAL SURVEY OF THE WAR. Friday, Dec. 24.—1n the region of Ipek, Montenegro, the Montenegrins drove the Austrians fifteen miles to ward the Serbian border the Serbian consulate at London reports. Twenty towns near Saloniki have been ordered evacuated by the entente commanders for strategical reasons. Both Paris and Berlin claim posses sion of the heights of Hartmanns-Weil crkoff. Swiss reports state that the casualties number 15,000. Arab outbreaks have forced the Brit ish to evacuate a small frontier post on the Egyptian-Tripoli border. Berlin reports the Russians on the ffensive at Bessarabia but repulsed. Japan may be drawn into the Euro pean war through the torpedoing of the Japanese steamer Yasaka Maru. This disaster is knwn to be one of the greatest ship losses since the war. The cargo's value is estimated at $5,- 000,000. Saturday, Dec. 25. —Reports from Athens say that the Teutons have be gun a bombardment of the allies’ lines northwest of Saloniki. Turks claim their artillery silenced enemy guns at Gallipoli, besides sink ing two loaded vessels. In Persia the Russians are declared to have severely defeated Persian in surgents 25 miles from Teheran. Sunday, Dec. 26. —Two days of fight ing at Ypres and Armentieres on the western front are said by a Paris war correspondent to have lost the Ger mans 8,000 men. A dozen attacks, aid ed by poison gases, against the Brit ish positions failed. The outstanding feature of the war reports \vas Lloyd George’s appeal to British labor unions to set aside union regulations to enable other workers to aid in furnishing the men in the trenches with munitions. Disaster to England might be caused by the acts of the unionists, he told them. Montenegrins report driving the Aus trians from three towns with heavy losses. Monday Dec. 27.—Submarine activity in the Mediterranean recalls the cam paign last spring in the North sea. The French steamer Villa de la Ciotat, 6,378 tons, was sunk and 80 passengers and crew lost. She carried many wom en and children and reports say was torpedoed without warning. The Belgian steamer Ministre Beer naert, and the British steamers Yed do, Hadley and Cottingham were also torpedoed. The Yeddo carried a $2,- 000,000 cargo. The torpedoing was without warning, her officers report. The London Times sees a converg ing attack on the allied positions at Saloniki. The center to be borne by the Bulgarians. Greece has ordered t’vo auxiliary classes of troops. At Armentiers Paris reports the British pierced the German line and took 800 prisoners. Indian troops to the number of 45,- 000 have been sent from France to pre sumably Saloniki. King Peter of Serbia has gone into at Brindisi, Italy. SOUTH AMERICA IS REACHED United States Exports Double Those of 1914 in Like Period. WASHINGTON, D. C. —In the three months after war broke out at the end of July, 1914, this country’s exports to South America (whose expansion had been hoped for as a result of the Eu ropean war) were only $20,300,000, as against $38,700,000 in the similar peri od of 1913. In the corresponding three months of the present year the total was $43,- 500,000. Boy-Ed Starts Home. NEW YORK Captain Boy-Ed, the recalled German naval attache, has left New York on the steamship Rflt terdam. An Athletic Heart. The use of the term “athletic heart"’ has led to more misunderstandings than probably any other one expres sion. Laymen or parents, provided they are not of the medical profession, get a picture from this expression which is anything but correct. If they were told that their boy’s thigh had increas ed half an inch in girth under the ex ercise that he had been doing in the gymnasium they would be pleased, but when they are told that the size bt his heart is increased they are at once very much alarmed. Active participa tion In almost any sport which causes the heart to beat more rapidly will produce an increase of size of tbjLt muscle as in any other muscle, and a certain amount of this is unquestiona bly nature’s normal and proper w T ay of taking care of her economy. Some people, it is true, believe that any en largement is abnormal, but Dr. Mey lan and most of the physicians who have followed the athlete closely would not agree with this.—Outing. Erratic Record In Golf. The world’s record for unsteadiness probably goes to a certain California golfer. There was a teain match sched uled between two clubs, each club pick ing its five best men. When the match started it was discovered that only four men had reported for one of the teams. The captain of the team that had a missing man saw standing by a club member with a handicap some where around sixteen or eighteen strokes. His average game was about 98. Asa rule be could be counted upon to go out in 50 and come back in 48. That day, to his own amazement and to the confusion of his opponent, he was out in 34, eleven strokes better than he had ever played the course be fore for the first nine holes. This was an upset, but no worse than the upset that followed, for, after being out in 34, he was back in 63. He got his 97. but as no 97 was ever got before.— Jerome D. Travers in American Maga zine. Turtle and Farina. Turtle and farina taken together rep resent to those who live on the Ama zon, be they white, negro or Indian or one of the numerous crossbreeds, what the salmon does to the Alaska Indian, the cocoanut to the south sea islander and rice to the Mongolian. A short run of salmon in the Alaska rivers, a crop failure in the paddy fields of China, a hurricane in the south sea islands, all reduce to the same thing— famine. On the Amazon a shortage of turtles may be tided over by a pleni tude of farina, or vice versa. A failure of both turtles and farina in the same year brings great and widespread dis tress. Farina is a crude, locally made product of the root of the manioc, a further refinement of w’hich results in the tapioca of commerce. Farina un der a number of different names is more or less of a staple with the na tives in all of tropical America from the West Indies to Paraguay. Colors and Hoat. In an attempt to illustrate graphi cally the relative values for summer and winter wear of different colors in dress materials an interesting experi ment was recently conducted, says Popular Mechanics. Four strips of cloth made of the same material and weight, but of different colors, were placed on a cake of ice and exposed to the sun. The fabrics were white, yel low, red and black. The result show ed in a striking way how white re flects the sun’s rays, while black ab sorbs them. The ice covered by the piece of white cloth was not melted to any ap preciable degree during the test, that under the yellow strip was slightly de pressed. a deep cut was formed be neath the red cloth and a groove ap proximately twice as deep as that cov ered by the latter was melted under the black fabric. Pinched. Perhaps the origin of our slang term “pinched.” meaning arrested, is in De foe’s poem “Hymn to the Pillory.” Im mured in 1703 in New’gate, Defoe con soled himself with the reflection that, having meant well, he suffered unjust ly. This is the passage: The first intent of laws Was to correct the effect and check the cause, And all the enc.s of punishment Were only future mischiefs to prevent. “But justice is inverted when Those engines of the law, Instead of pinching vicious men, Keep honest ones in awe.” —Exchange. The Earliest Lens. The earliest known lens is one made of rock crystal unearthed by Layard at Nineveh. This lens, the age of which is to be measured by thousands of years, now lies in the British mu seum with its surface as bright as when it left the maker’s hands. By the side of it are very recent speci mens of lenses which have been ruined by exposure to London’s fogs and smoke. Following Principles. “Did yon see Bibbles disappear as soon as he saw his wife coming with out even waiting to see what she want ed?” “He wasn’t taking any chances on that. You see. he belongs to a ‘safety drst’ society.”—Baltimore American. Real Reason. Friend—l suppose the bank exam iner comes around to find out what is on hand? Banker (grimly)—No; more often to find out what’s on foot!—Bos ton Journal. It is difficult to persuade mankind that the love of virtue is the love of themselves.—Cicero. A Doctor’s Story l By WILLIAM CHANDLER One of my patients was a Miss Young, an orphan, whose uncle had called on me to visit her. I attended Miss Young for some time, during which I not only made no head way in improving her condition, hut lost ground. I noticed that whenever 1 called the nurse was in the sick room and never left it during my visit. One day while 1 was with the patient. having asked the nurse to get me . • something from the bathroom adjoin ing and she was absent a few seconds. Miss Young’s face suddenly assumed a pained expression, and she whispered in my ear. “She’s killing me.” She had barely time to say this and resume her usual expression when the nurse returned. Of course 1 gave no sign to Miss Hazard, the nurse, of what had been communicated to me. but 1 saw at once that something must be done \ > free my patient from her ministration 1 called up Mr. Van Crdeu. the uncle, and told him over the phoue that 1 was not satisfied with his niece’s nurse and would not be responsible for my pa tient unless she were replaced by an other ol’ my own choosing. I received no definite reply, but before my next visit was informed that since the pa tient had lost ground under my treat ment he had decided to call in anoth er physician. My services would no longer be required. Putting together what my patient had told me and my dismissal at at tempting to get rid of the nurse. I made up my mind at once that some thing was wrong. But I dared not ac: without more information and resolv ed to proceed cautiously. I soon came to the conclusion that I had better act with my successor in the case and sent my office assistant to watch the house and discover who had succeeded me. She reported that a recent graduate, a Dr. Vernon, had called at the house, and I at once made an appointment to meet him and put him in possession of all that I knew about the strange condition of affairs. Vernon, possessing this knowledge, had a great advantage, since it was not known that he had it, and he could thus the better take steps to make more discoveries. We arranged that 1 should make inquiries as to who the parties were and secure such other in formation as was possible. Vernon was to do what he ci'-uld by way of investigation in the sickroom. I learn ed that Miss Young was an heiress and that her uncle was her guardian till she came to be twenty-one years old. when the estate would pass into her own keeping. Vernon found means to communicate with the patient by insisting that the nurse get something for him that would require her going to the kitchen, and he learned that the medicine he was giving had a taste that it should not have. He gave Miss Young a vial, which she concealed under the bed clothes. and when about to take a dose she sent the nurse to the bathroom for a glass of water. While she was gone the patient emptied the medicine into the vial, and when the doctor called again he took it away with him. That evening Vernon and I in my laboratory investigated the contents of the vial and found traces of a slow poison. The secret was out—the guardian was killing his ward. In vestigations made by Vernon, who was by this time much interested in the case, as well as his patient, revealed the fact that with Miss Young out of the way Van Orden would be sole heir at-law to her estate. The question now arose. What should he our next step? Should we inform the victim of this conspiracy of her danger or have the suspected parties arrested without her knowledge? Ver non told me that his patient was in a nervous condition, bordering on col lapse. and recommended that we act without consulting her. To this I as sented. That same morning Van Orden was arrested, and Miss Hazard was called out of the sickroom and also taken into custody. Anew nurse whom I had selected was ready to take her place and at once entered upon her duties. Vernon and I were in the house at the time of the arrests and entered the sickroom with the nev/ nurse. The patient saw at once that she had been delivered from the tyran ny under which she had been slowly dying and greeted us with a smile of supreme relief. Had I not been a mar ried man I should have been disgrun tled at seeing the look she gave Ver non, for it was plain that she had giv en him her heart. "Oh. doctor,” she said to him when she knew all that we thought best to tell her. "how much 1 owe you!” "Where do I come in?” I asked. "And you, too. of course.” Our patient was not told that an at tempt had been made to poison her and that her uncle and nurse hau been arrested charged with the crime until she had recovered her health Her re covery was hastened by the especial attentions, or. rather, the devotion of Dr. Vernon, and before she was in formed as to what had occurred they were engaged. Van Orden jumped his bail and dis appeared. Miss Hazard’s counsel suc ceeded in having her acquitted be cause the prosecution faihal to prove that she had any motive for the crime. Nevertheless it was known that her motive was a large share of the for tune her employer was trying to se cure, or at least a promise of it. Wedding Presents In tne Orient. With modern Arabians the bride groom makes the bride presents, which are sent a day or two before the nup tials. As soon as the bride reaches the bridegroom’s house she makes him pres ents of household furniture a spear and a tent. In Persia the bridegroom is obliged to give a certain sum of money in addi tion to other presents. If he is in moderate circumstances he gives his bride two complete dresses, a ring and a mirror. He also supplies the furni ture, carpets, mats, culinary utensils and other necessaries for their home. With the celestials the family of the bridegroom make presents to the fam ily of the bride of various articles a few days before the day fixed for the marriage. The presents generally con sist of food, a cock and hen, the leg and foot of a pig, the leg of a goat, eight small cakes of bread, eight torches, three pairs of large red can dles, a quantity of vermicelli and sev eral bunches of firecrackers. More Effective Than Cursing. Babylonian tablets, declared to be the oldest writings in existence, relate how farmers of 0,000 years ago fought locusts and caterpillars in their fields. The translator avers that they called in a necromancer, who thus brought his artillery in to play: “He broke a jar, cut open a sacrifice, a word of cursing he repeated, and the locusts and caterpillars fled.” It must have been a powerful “word of cursing” he repeated. Pity it is that it has been lost. These plagues have been “cussed out” good and plenty in all modern tongues, but they have calmly continued their work of crop devastation. Possibly through the cen turies they gradually became hardened to such verbal warfare and declined to abdicate until the man came with the insecticide spray. Then is the time for disappearing certainly.—Breeder’s Ga zette. The Elderly Safety Pin. The safety pin and the hook and eye are generally supposed to be modern inventions. The former, in fact, has been credited to Queen Victoria. She may have improved upon it, but cer tainly she is not entitled to the dis tinction of having invented it. Nu merous specimens of the useful con trivance have been found in the ruins of Crete. Some of them are in the museum of the University of Pennsyl vania, and the museum has also a hook and eye from the same place. Both the safety pins and the hook and eye now in the museum were made at least 900 hundred years be fore Christ. Some are made of bronze, but amber or some other material was often used on the more elaborate pins. Some were even made of finely wrought gold.—Youth’s Companion. Fish Swarm In the Bosporus. Of all its many descriptive epithets, ancient and modern, none has clung with more persistent tenacity than the simple, early adjective of “fishy” Bos porus. Seventy edible varieties of fish, familiar to connoisseurs, sport in its waters. Some have their permanent haunts within the stream. The most are migratory. The instinct of the sea sons moves them northward or south ward with the birds. The strait is their only possible highway between the Black sea and the Mediterranean, their summer and winter homes. From March until June and from August to December men, poised in the quaint perches high on piles above the water and constantly on the outlook, watch for the flash of their gliding scales.— From “Constantinople,” by Dr. Edwin A. Grosvenor. Barbed Wire In the War. In war barbed wire is used in vari ous ways, but its main object is man stopping. It is interlaced with ground pegs in front of trenches for the pur pose of tripping charging troops, it is strung across bridges and main roads to prevent the passage of cavalry, and it is used for fencing in camps to guard against rushing tactics on the part of the enemy. Whenever possible barbed wire entanglements are hidden in long grass or in hedges, so that advancing troops will be trapped while the ene my rake their lines with shot and shell. Barbed wire concealed in un dergrowth is particularly deadly where cavalry is concerned, for the wire grips the horses’ hoofs, causing them to fall on the spike strewn ground.—London Times. White Animals Among the Japanese. A white fox is often mentioned in the Japanese fables, and a white ser pent appears in their pictures of Ben ten. the goddess of fortune. Among the Japanese, as among the ancient Greeks and Scythians, white horses were dedicated to the gods and are still attached to the larger temples of the country. The milk and butter of white cows were formerly prized as a medicine. Second Speed. “A girl talks about going from one extreme to the other.” “Oh, does she?” “And the next minute she buttons her shoe with a hairpin.” “I didn’t know you’d been married so long, John.” —Purple Cow. A Bad Break. “So Miss Passay is angry with her doctor. Why is that?” “He tactlessly remarked that he would soon have her looking her old self again.”—Boston Transcript Hardly. * Hewitt —You should make hay while the sun shines. Jewett — I can’t if I stick to my business of making um brellas. Sixteen Good Reasons Why Yon Should = The Riverside Aer Duct ] i 9. Highly heated ait can be V 4 ■ discharged into room, doubliog ** 8. Special atttdment lot beet capacity and making leading heat upata n. ' Smoke ekit with check dnfi 10. Square body nemlif" *" _ , . .. exna wide lii flue. irfS'S'Sjltoe till they reach top—longer coo tact 'vpvjm*** * rom floor p ***i’® °* or * beat \ through Inclined corrugiited^ u S£e“s2 ssr® 13. Draft goeo on down four „. 'fgwßi Un . ... \ corner duct*, cored in solid wall bfTl 11 M 'li idiTnail ducu^Tooc. ol tin pot-dnlt be coma i* V ,„ —.? °'_" j ' i - p ‘- RrecT into esb pit, keepa it filled with -flS§g§^Lill ho: air—makee HOT BASE. without OBMtM •*> doafc /V..* fl. Cold air drawn from floor, through v. I opening io back at bottom, into air heating OUft 15. not air in ease penacuy ciean. [Ulj • b* not yet touched hid. **— -COM2 IN TODAY AND SEE FOR YOURSELF Hain, Livick & Arthur The Progressive Hardware Store. (the GOOD JUDGE OVERHEARS A DISCUSSION ON TOBACCO.) I’M SIXTY-FOUR,BUT IOF W-B CUT CHEWING. 1 * NEVEI* VET FOUND A TAKE OUST ALITTLE CHEW?I , , SATISFACTORY CHEW. DON'T GRIND ON IT. NOTICE THEY'RE L I WANT BETTER f J HOW THE SALT BRINGS p 3 ? SENSIBLE \ tQ.M-t-O r '• am ' WHEN you get to the point where ordinary tobacco doesn’t seem to satisfy you any more, then you re ready for W-B CUT Chew ing—the Real Tobacco Chew, new cut, long shred. It’s the clean chew, the ready chew —tastes better, satisfies you better and lasts longer than ordinary tobacco. Get a pouch from your dealer—give it a quality test. “Notice how the salt brings out the rich tobacco taste” Made by WEYMAN-BRUTON COMPANY, 50 Union Square, New York Gty Janesville’s Exclusive Garment Store • *• 4 ft ,t . Offers new and exclusive Women’s and Misses’ Suits, Frocks, Dresses, Coats, and Skirts, for fail. Two special lots, priced at $13.7S and $18.7S This showing is exceptionally large, belted coats and box effects, mostly trimmed, some with braid and others with fur, skirts are full flaring models. Blue, black, African brown, mixtures. A Beautiful Showing of Coats in the season’s most popular materials and shades $12.30 to $73 Simpson Garment Store JANESVILLE, WISCONSIN. City Gas in the Country Cook and Light With Gas BLAUGAS is not Acetyline Gas, Gasoline Gas, nor allied with them. Safest Gas Known—Absolutely non-asphyxiating and non poisonous. Has an explosive of only 4 per cent compared to city gas with 13 per cent and acetyline gas with 47 per cent, making it practically non-explosive. A Dry Gas.—No moisture. Will not freeze or condense in the pipes. Needs no protection in the winter. Costs Less per Candle Power than any other system of light ing. The cost compared to electricity is less than 5c per kilo watt; compared to acetyline about one-half. Over Three Times Hotter Than City Gas- making it ideal for cooking. Has a minimum of 1800 B. T. U. per cubic foot. Combustion is perfect—no dirt or soot to ding to cooking uten sils. The only isolated system that furnishes gas cheaply enough to be used for cooking. The Blaugas apparatus is absolutely weatherproof (is in stalled outdoors) requiring no attention beyond the changing of bottles—no generating, no dirt, no heating, no water connec tions, no lifting of weights, needs no protection from the weath er, nothing to rust out or clog up. The simplest isolated system ever devised. Just connect and use. C. E. COCHRANE & CO. 15 Court Street JANESVILLE, WIS. Distributors for Rock County Complete Outfit on Display at our Office. I W 4 A Card Will Bring Our Demonstrator.