Newspaper Page Text
Cribs of the Tyrol THE Christmas cribs, showing the first resting place of the infant Christ, which one sees occa sionally in the churches of this country are not to be compared with those of Europe, especially the remark able ones made by the peasants of It aly and of the Tyrol. In the latter country there has been of recent years a decided revival of interest in these groups representing the nativity of Christ It is not unusual to see one with sev eral hundred figures. Not alone the birth of the Saviour, but the adoration of the shepherds, the arrival of the kings with their soldiers and courtiers, the flight into Egypt. Jesus in the tem ple, and even the marriage at Cana are represented. The Tyrol's cribs have been famous for centuries, and the people were Just ly proud of them until the spirit of “modern enlightenment” invaded the land and crib building was denounced as child’s play. Enterprising antiqua rians and art sellers eagerly bought up all the old cribs and then sold them at good profit to tourists. Many fine specimens have disappear ed from the land, but fortunately a few of the best were acquired by na tional museums. The best two Tyrol is known to have had, the “Ursullnen krippe” of Innsbruck and the Moser crib of Bozen, are now in the Bavarian National museum at Munich. A third, the Jaufenthaler crib, is in the Vienna museum. Originally it belonged to a family in Wilten, now a part of Innsbruck. It contained 154 animal figures, 24 build ings and 256 human figures. It in cluded solid woodcarvings, figures the heads of which were wax and others whose heads and limbs were movable. Some of these date back as far as the year 1700. Seven scenes were repre sented. The Moser crib of Bozen was much more extensive. Moser’s “city” was in itself a masterpiece and included pal aces, gushing fountains, monuments of King David and towers with six city clocks striking the hours of the night. It was valued at more than $5,000 during Moser’s lifetime. The Ursullnes’ crib was particularly famous on account of the gorgeous dressing of the figures. The angels were clad as courtiers of heaven in the rich court costumes of the seven teenth century. These masterpieces are now lost to Tyro’.. It can hardly cause surprise, then, that serious minded men began to entertain grave fears for their re maining works of art. This fear had a practical result In the formation of a society whose object was to prevent in future the reckless exportation and selling of old cribs and to revive the spirit that produced them. Tyrolese cribs may be divided into two general classes, the oriental type and the Tyrolese. In the latter class the crib ow’ner takes It for granted that Christ was born in Tyrol, hence scenery, people and dress are purely Tyrolese. In all the cribs the stable cf Bethlehem is either the ruin of a castle (according to legend, Christ first saw’ the light of day in the ruins of the tow’er of David) or a part of a temple to show’ that the stable of Bethlehem was the first Christian temple, or else it is a simple cave on the mountain side. The stable of Bethlehem and its in mates alw’ays remain the center of the great scene, the rest is merely the set ting. The crib means much to the family. After weeks of careful, pain staking labor everything is ready, bur the holy family is not there. After supper on Christmas eve the parents, domestics and children gather about the crib, the gospel scene is read aloud, and the little ones, quick to detect the absence of the "Cbristkind,” are told that the holy family are still seeking a shelter and finding none. The sadness that at first expresses itself on their innocent®faces soon gives w*ay to joy as they recall that perhaps there is room in their own home —at least they will make room. At midnight the sol emn church bells call all to mass, and when the family returns, lo! there lies the infant in the manger, while Mary and Joseph kneel in humble adoration at its side. OIRISTMAS I? t w \' IHiF % - ' ' •' •• • A S&jgflraS wPcaSy ft; SB ■jV f ¥^3*^ SEM r i ’ wITfTMWIi The Telephone's “Trouble Man." Every telephone company has a “trouble department.” where all com plaints of bad service and defective equipment go. The men who make the repairs and adjustments are known as “trouble men,” and they have to be not only expert w’orkmen, but chaps of intelligence and common sense, for they meet many problems that are not set down in the books. Thoughtless people can do many things to put a telephone out of commission, and some of them are simple—w'et umbrella lean ed up against the wiring in such a way that it grounds the current and of course, makes the phone useless. In this particular case the umbrella, remained where it ought not to have been while the owner of the phone fret ted and fumed because he could not get central and then went to a neigh bor’s and called up the telephone com pany. When the “trouble man” ar rived he saw at once what the matter was and picked up the umbrella. “Now call central,” he suggested, and the irate patron got an immediate re sponse.—Leslie’s. Picturesque Cretan Garb. An interesting description of the Cretan’s picturesque dress is given by a writer in Blackwood’s: “The Cretan’s national dress merits a word of description. He wears on his head either a twisted kerchief or a sort of pirate’s cap, with a tassel hang ing over one ear. His upper limbs are clad in a loose black shirt and his low er in a pair of black cotton breeches of a bagginess which is well nigh in conceivable even to one who is used to the shalwar of the Levant. These breeches finish tight immediately be low the knee and leave an inch or more of sunburnt leg showing above the top of a high yellow boot of un tanned leather. The men stride along with the highlander’s easy gait, and as they go the slack of their preposterous breeches swings out behind them with all the jaunty air of a kilt.” A Venetian Fashion. Fashions were no less eccentric four centuries ago than they are today. “Before the streets of Venice were paved (in the thirteenth century),” says Mr. William Boulting in “Woman In Italy,” “ladies went through the mud and filth on pattens. The custom was retained, and in spite of sumptu ary laws the patten became heightened until women of rank stood on false feet half a yard high in the sixteenth century. They were unable to walk without the support of one or two gen tlemen or servants.” A curiosity in banquets is mentioned by the same writer. It was a wed ding feast at Milan and consisted of fifteen courses, “each being introduced by living specimens of the animals that composed it.” Start of the Omnibus. The invention of omnibuses is due to the philosopher Pascal, who, in February, 1667, obtained a “privilege” or a patent for public carriages to travel through certain streets of Paris. They held eight passengers, who paid six sous each, and were very success ful, although an act of parliament of Paris forbade them being used by lack eys. soldiers and other humble folk. Pascal died in 1667, and his useful in vention did not long survive him. The omnibus reappeared in London about the beginning of the last century and was adopted in several French provin cial towns before Paris accepted it again. Pointer For the Preacher. Among the stories related by the late Rev. Dr. A. F. Pierson was one of a marble cutter, with chisel and ham mer. working a block of stone into a statue. A preacher who was looking on said. “I wish I could, on hearts of stone, deal such transforming blows!” “Perhaps you might,” was the work man’s quiet answer, “if. like me. you worked on your knees.”—Philadelphia Record. Speedy Giraffes. The kangaroo, supposedly a fleet beast, covers but ten to fourteen feet a second, while the giraffe dashes along over fifty feet in the same time, and an ox attached to a wagon goes two feet a second. Some species of hare run sixty feet a second, others not more than half so fast. Definitions of Man. Man has been definied by Aristotle as “a reasoning animal.” by Plato as “a political animal,” by Dante as “a ridiculous animal,” by Varclii and by John Fiske as “an improvable animal.” Boerhave calls men “mud worked up by the hand of God.” PRACTICAL HEALTH HINT. When Baby Begins Walking. Do not make the mistake of trying to force your little baby to walk. If a baby is well it usually makes an attempt to stand on Its feet at nine or ten mouths of age. and at eleven or twelve months it usually stands with slight assistance. The first attempts at walking are commonly seen in the twelfth or thirteenth month The aver age age, r.s a rule, at which chil dren walk is the fourteenth or fifteenth month. If the baby passes that age without trying ' to walk then consult a physician. However, a very marked differ ence is seen in different families with respect to the time of walk ■ ing. General malnutrition, a se ■ vere or prolonged illness may > postpone walking for several • months. B Retaliation By ETHEL HOLMES Hodkins & Cos. was the name under which a large dry goods store was run. There was a great deal of what is called leakage in the store —that is, a certain proportion of all the goods brought into it was taken out, not by legitimate process. One of the junior partners, Mr. Wat kins, was given carte blanche to stop the leak. One evening in a pile of paper that had been used for wrapping and that had been tucked under a coun ter to be carried out were found some valuable laces. They were of light bulk and readily concealed. The coun ter was attended by Helen Sayre, a girl of nineteen. The morning after the discovery she was sent for by Mr. Watkins and accused of having placed the laces where they were found with a view either to hide them to avoid detection or to take them away later. The girl could not explain how the laces—she sold laces—came to be where they were instead of in the boxes where they belonged. She was bewil dered and tongue tied. Watkins turn ed her over to the police and prosecut ed her for theft Since no one had seen her take the goods he did not expect to convict her; he simply de sired to make an example of her by disgracing her. She was acquitted, but every clerk in the store knew that her arrest was a bitter punishment and a warning to them. The morning after her acquittal a young man called at Mr. Watkins’ pri vate office. “What can I do for you, sir?” asked Watkins. “You can give me $10,000.” “What for?” asked the dry goods man in amazement. “A wedding present for Helen Sayre, whom you have publicly disgraced. You may call it a wedding present or an atonement or anything you like, but the money must be forthcoming. The real thief, being conscience stricken, has confessed by letter that she stole the goods in question and, seeing a floorwalker approaching, mixed them up with some castoff wrapping paper and threw them under Helen Sayre’s counter.” “If Miss Sayre has such a letter as that she will be restored to her posi tion and the thief will be prosecuted.” “You will not be permitted to see the letter. Helen Sayre does not intend to return to her position. She will be married to me this evening. I will be pleased to take her the wedding pres ent I have mentioned.” “Nonsense, man! If you have come here to bluff me you may take yourself away or I will call a policeman to eject you.” “I came here to make a demand,” said the young man, rising, “and 1 venture the prediction that in less than one year you will comply with it.” With this the speaker withdrew. Six months passed, and Mr. Watkins had forgotten tne incident when his daughter, eighteen years old, w’as walking through the aisles of Hodkins & Co.’s store, when she was accosted by a woman, who said she would like to speak to her in private. Miss Wat kins, surprised, followed the woman to a secluded place, where the latter re lieved her of her reticule, opened it and removed several boxes containing articles of jewelry. To the astonished girl she said: “You were in Nevins’ jewelry store this afternoon, were you not?” “I was.” “You stole these articles. 1 hap pened to see you take them. I know who you are. You are the daughter of a member of this firm. He would not like the matter made public. If you will go home you are welcome to do so. Tell your father that he will receive a visit this evening from one authorized to arrange to keep this matter quiet.” The woman left the girl, taking the reticule and its contents, and Miss Watkins hurried to her father’s office and, bursting into tears, told him what had occurred. “Oh, papa,” she cried, "don’t con demn me! Indeed, I am innocent.” Mr. Watkins called a conveyance and took his daughter home. That evening a man called on Mr. Watkins. He said that he was from Nevins’ jewelry store. A woman had reported that she had seen Miss Wat kins take certain articles of jewelry from Nevins’ counter and slip them into her reticule. If the jewels were returned the matter would be hush ed up. But both the reticule and its con-, tents had passed from Miss Watkins' possession. “What are the'jewels worth?” asked Mr. Watkins. The man handed him a memoran dum of the articles, with prices foot ing SIO,OOO. Watkins saw that either he must pay for the lost jewels or his daugh ter would be published and prosecuted as a thief. He would have hired de tectives to ferret out what he knew to be a conspiracy, but the representa tive of Nevins’ told him that the mat ter was without their control and un less the property was paid for those who had accused his daughter of the theft would publish it at once, and they had plenty of evidence to send his daughter to the penitentiary. He paid the bill. The jewels were eventually retum to Nevins & 00. in exchange for SIO,OOO. Our Holiday Goods Are Now On Display A complete line of Linens, Towels, Neckwear, Handker chiefs, Fancy Knit Goods, Fancy Ivory Goods, Gloves, Um brellas, Dolls, Artificial Xmas Trees, Tree Ornaments, Toys. Nuts and Candy Pecans per pound 22c Filberts per pound 22c Brazils per pound 22c Walnuts per pound 22c Almonds per pound 25c Mixed Nuts per pound 20c Peanuts per pound'. 9c Christmas Candies per lb 12% 15 and 18c Peanut Taffy per lb 18c Specials For One Week From December 15th to December 21st Good Rice per pound 6c Fancy 10c Rice .2 lbs. for 15c 18c canned Corn for 15c 15c canned Corn for 12c 18c canned Peas for 15c 15c canned Peas for 12c 35c jar Oxheart Cocoa, 16 oz. net 29c Figs per package 9c Pealed Peaches per lb 15c 10c package Brite Mawnin Oatmeal 9c 30c Richelieu Coffee 26c 25c Ratzlaff Special Coffee 22c Comb Honey per lb 16c RATZLAFF BROS. Phones 47 or 14S Edgerton, Wisconsin Store Open Every Night All Next Week: Closed All Day Christmas Air Men and Altitude. “A man cau go up 15,000 feet by rail or on foot without more than a short ness of breath and occasional nose bleed,” says an experienced British aviator, “but not every man and not even every seasoned flier can stand jumping up to 12,000 feet in the half hour that some of the machines can negotiate that height in. The difficul ty’s almost entirely physical, and it all depends upon how a man is made whether or not his flesh and blood will accommodate themselves to the suddenly reduced pressure of the at mosphere. There’s no growing used to it. If it ‘gets’ you once it’s pretty sure to do it again. At the best you may only have a bad headache and a sort of ‘boiled owl’ feeling for a week. At the worst you faint, lose control of your machine and are listed among the casualties of ‘cause unknown.’ ” And the flier added that the sooner a man learned his altitude limit the better. “There’s plenty of useful work below 12,000 feet,” he said, “for the man who begins to ‘blow up,’ mentally or physically, above that height.”— Lewis R. Freeman in Atlantic. When a Locomotive Puffs. Puff, puff, puff! The train was just leaving the sta tion, and the puffs of the locomotive, at first slow, grew faster and faster and finally seemed to in one great roar. “It is the emission of the waste steam through the chimney that causes that puffing sound,” said an engineer. “As the train gathers speed the puffs increase in rapidity, and when ten a second are emitted the ear can’t dis tinguioh them separately any longer— it hears them as a continuous roar. “The majority of people on this ac count think a locomotive only puffs at starting. Really, she puffs all the time, only the puffs are too rapid to be rec ognizable. A train going a mile a min ute gives twenty puffs a second, or 1,200 a minute.”—Exchange. Tops and Gravitation. A spinning top is kept from falling because of the speed with which it re volves. The attraction of gravitation is temporarily overcome by the cen trifugal force produced by the rotation of the top when it is spun. Each part of the top is subject to the same cen trifugal force as each other part at the same distance from the axis of rota tion and to no greater force, so that there is no cause for the top being pulled in any particular direction by the force of gravity. As soon as the centrifugal force begins to lessen be cause of lessening speed of rotation the attraction of gravity begins to wab ble. When the spinning motion dimin ishes to such an extent that the attrac tion of gravitation becomes greater than the centrifugal force the top falls to one side. Extra Shoe Special! 35 pairs ladies’ and misses’ high shoes in tans, patent and kid, button and lace, size 2 y 2f 3, 3]/ 2 , 4, 6, 6 l / 2f regular $3.00 and $3.50 values $2.00 pair AUTOMOBILE Storage Batteries ) Must have proper care in cold weather. Things you should know about them: Ilf not more than six months old and in good condition, it can be kept in good condition by charging once monthly from an outside source. This we can do ——with our direct current motor generator. Our charge for this work is small. 2 If over six months old, even though apparently in good condition, the battery should be taken apart by an expert, the sediment which has accumulated from '■■■l chemical action, removed and the old insulators re placed with new ones. This work properly done will return your battery to you in the spring ready for a summer of real service. 3 If over fifteen months old, the condition of your bat tery will depend altogether upon the care which has been given it and the efficiency of your electric system. above and their life prolonged for another fifteen months. On the other hand the expert upon examination may find that the plates of the battery are in such condition that further expense would be wasted. We have a fully equipped battery service station. Our men are fully competent to repair and care for your battery and to ad vise as to its treatment. Our Examination and Advise is Free. Our Repair and Storage Charges Reasonable Every day that your battery stands idle on your car means deterioration. Bring it to us now. Edgerton Motor Cos. Garage Agency and Service Stations for Prest-o-lite Storage Batteries. Willard Agency. California Naval Oranges dozen 30 and 35c Lemons per dozen 20c Roman Beauty Apples per lb 6c <*ood Apples per barrel $3.75 Cranberries per pound 10c Dromedary Dates, package 12c TRY A SACK OF Duluth Universal Flour For your Christmas baking. Once tried, always used.