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CRUCIAL DAY IN
IRE LEGISLATURE Bill Providing 3.75 Per Cent Beer Before Senate. TO ACT ON 8-HOUR PROBLEMS Will Also Make Final Disposition of Bounty Aid to Soldiers—Assembly to Dispose of Marketing Question. By FRED L. HOLMES. Madison, June 18.—The Wisconsin legislature is in one grand rush in i(s business to see if it will not be possible to close up the important affairs of the legislature this week. Today is the crucial day in both houses of the legis lature. The senate will consider the Mulberger substitute providing for 3.75 per cent beer; it will consider eight-hour problems and it will make a final disposition of the bounty aid to soldiers. The assembly will dispose of the marketing question today and will take up the Arnold bill which pro vides for an increase of approximately 25 per cent of the income tax rates. The legislature is attempting to ad journ by July 1, and the progress that it makes within the next two or three days will settle the matter. If it be comes necessary to lay over some of these important bills until the follow ing week adjournment of the legisla ture will not come until about July 5, if not later. The senate has killed the Dennhart bill which provides for the annual election of the secretary cf the Wis consin Historical society. This was the last of a series which were intro duced in the legislature, and which resulted in a legislative investigation of the Historical society with an offi cial report which highly commended the organization. All bills to curb the activities of the •ociety have been in definitely postponed. There was in troduced into the legislature Wednes day a bill carrying an appropriation of SIO,OOO for the compilation of an offi cial history of the part played by Wis consin in the world war. It will prob ably be several years, however, before this official tome will be issued. The Coe bill requiring every county within two years after July 1, 1919, to employ, upon certification of the state board of health, one or more public health nurses or public health instruc tors, has been approved by Governor Philipp. The work of the public health registered nurse or health instructor shall be directed by a committee com posed of the chairman of the county board, the county superintendent of schools, a woman appointed by the county board, the judge of the juvenile court and the deputy state health of ficer for that county, to be known as the county health committee. This is one of the most imimrtant pieces of legislation to be enacted at this ses sion of the legislature, and it has be come No. 311 of the laws of 1919. Other important bills approved by Governor Philipp during the past week are ns follows: Requiring the use of chemical fire engines for voluntary fire depart ments. Providing a penalty for the manu facture and sale of cheese containing an excess of moisture. The conservation commission shall consider the natural resources of the state and report to the governor from time to time the results of its investi gations, with recommendation of such measures as it deems necessary or suitable to conserve such resources and preserve them, so far as practica ble, unimpaired. Whenever a majority of the patrons of any co-operative cheese factory or creamery shall vote to have their cows tested no milk shall thereafter be ac cepted at any such factory or cream ery except from cows which have suc cessfully passed such test. For the period ending June 30, 1920, agricultural representatives shall be organized in not to exceed 45 counties of the state, and for the fiscal year be ginning July 1, 1920, in not to exceed 50 counties of the state. Marriage may be contracted be tween cousins where the female has attained the age of fifty years. Rela tionship under this section shall be computed by the rule of the civil law, whether the parties to the marriage are of the half or of the whole blood. Increasing the state trunk highway of the state from 5,000 to 7,500 miles. Appropriating $210,000 as aid to county tuberculosis institutions. Providing for the erection of armo ries to the memory of men and women from such locality who have died while in the military or naval service of the United States. The quartermaster general shall, subject to the approval of the gover nor, provide by purchase or by hire such public animals and motor trans port as are necessary for the proper training of any military unit at home station or field camp -of instruction and for the care and keep of such pub lic animals and transport. Senator Skogmo’s bill relating to hours of labor and employment, his bill providing for the establishment of a basic eight-hour day for wage work ers, and Mr. Masiakowski’s bill pro hibiting employers from requiring or permitting female employees to work more than eight hours during any day of 24 hours, except in agriculture and cases of emergency, were made a spe cial order for Tuesday afternoon. SENATORS DEBATE TRE PEACETREATY Republican Leaders May Force Separation of Questions. HOPE TO BALK PEACE PACT Struggle Against the League of Na tions Begins in the Upper House of Congress—Knox Opens the Battle. Washington, June 18. —Senator Knox, Republican, of Pennsylvania, opened debate in the senate on his resolution proposing separation of the covenant of the League of Nations from the treaty with Germany. In the midst of discussion of the agricultural appropriation bill, the senator delivered a prepared address which promised to precipitate a bitter fight. Senator Knox told the senate his resolution did not (feclare either for or against the fcmgue; that it proposed “merely and solely” that the senate advise and consent to tht* treaty “which shall bring up peace” and re serve for future consideration other portions of the document proposing the creation of the league. Fears for Monroe Doctrine. The former secretary of state re plied to charges that the Republicans are making a partisan issue of the league and argued that more time should be allowed the American people to consider it. Senator Knox declared the Monroe doctrine provision, inserted in the re vised covenant of the league would wipe out that doctrine. “It is hard to speak calmly of such a perversion as this,” said Senator Knox. “It is hard to conceive of any man tra ditioned in Americanism lending his sanction to such a monstrosity. Never before has the Monroe doctrine been a mere measure of spineless pacifism. It has until now been a strong means of self-protection and self-preservation. “It was aimed to keep monarchy from this hemisphere; kings, princes and emperors were to have no place on this side of the world. Bui under the new doctrine, if Mexico should peaceably agree to allow Japan a strip of her western territory; if Guatemala should make an alliance with Great Britain, dr Brazil with Germany, or Argentina with Italy, or if they should grant to them regions or strips of ter ritory, or concessions or zones of in fluence, how could we say that ‘a re gional understanding—for securing the maintenance of peace’ had been vio lated? Would not the answer be, no hostile activity has occurred, none is contemplated, and pone will occur un less you yourself, America, undertake or threaten them? And if we did threaten them, no matter how great the menace to our own existence they might ultimately prove, we should merely bring us within the restraining hand of the whole league itself.” “The Monroe doctrine, in its cove nant form, is a sanction and an invi tation to colonization by monarchies (one of the precise things to avoid which the Monroe doctrine was de clared). for in the great emancipated brotherhood which the league pro fesses to set up, what brother can ac cuse his fellow of so ignoble a thing as a design upon the power and integ rity of his own dominion —a thing made holy by the league itself?” Charge of Partisanship. Referring to the charges of partis anship Senator Knox said, “If opposi tion or support of the league becomes a party issue, it will not be with my partisan support.” “But if senators on the other side,” he added, “continue as a party to op pose all efforts to secure full consid eration of this great matter, if they do not cease to listen to and to obey the mere fiat of a partisan. executive, then I say here and now, in all sobt% ness, I shall be the last to shrink from the issue which they force. “And I will say further, if to stand for the rights of the senate as a co equal part of the trqnty-making power is a manifestation of partisanship, then I am a partisan; if to demand that the people of the United States shall have the right to make up their own minds as to whether or not we shall put ourselves under the domina tion of the balance of the world; if to regard our free institutions as the greatest instrumentalities of govern ment which the world now possesses and therefore worthy of preservation over all others which exist in the world; if to love my own country and our own people with my whole heart and soul above and beyond all other countries and peoples of the world — if these things are manifestation of par tisanship, then, thank God, I am a partisan.” VOTES ARMY OF 300,000 $718,000,000 War Department Appro priation in Measure Up to Senate. 4 Washington, June 14.—Without a record vote the house passed and sent to the senate the 1920 army appropri ation bill, carrying a total of $718,000,- 000 and providing for a temporary army of 300,000 men. The bill prohib its the war department from using t-ny new or unexpended nparapriatlon for the purchase of lands for army camps or cantonments. DAY HONORED BY WELSHMEN March the First Known the World Over as Anniversary of the Country’s Patron Saint. The first day of March has long been observed as a special day by the peo ple of Wales and is called St. David’s day in honor of the good St. David, patron saint of the Welsh, who' lived in the sixth century. St. David was said to have been the son of a prince of Cardiganshire, Wales, and is accredited with the working of many miracles, especially among the poor of the country. It was said that when the saint first went into the fields to preach to his follow ers the ground on which he was stand ing began to rise until it assumed a goodly height, and henceforth was his pulpit. For hundreds of years the Welsh wore sprigs of leek—a plant with broad bluish-green leaves and yellow flower clusters —in tlieir hats as a sym bol of recognition of the day. This cus tom was brought about, some say, from the fact that in a battle of the Welsh against their old enemies, the Saxons, St. David had ordered all Welshmen to go into battle wearing their native leek, not only to distin guish them from their enemies, but to bring them good luck. Other writers argue that the badge was worn more as a fraternal sign and because leek was grown in every Welsh garden and was the favorite vegetable of a true Welshman. Writers of the last centurjt depict a typical Welsh garden as a garden of onions, garlic and leek. Homely inci dents are told of Welshmen assisting each other in farming and eating their leeks together, a ceremony symbolic of hospitality and good fellowship. Peruvian Intoxicant. Pepper berries are the basis of an ancient and still cherished beverage in Peru, which is popularly known as chica de molle. If you will examine a pepper berry in the first plump atage of its maturity, you will find that the bitter resinousness is over laid with a coating of sugary sweet ness —a natural instance of sugar coated pill—and it is at that stage that the berries are gathered for ehicha manufacture. There is a cert tain quality about this brew, aside from its cheapness, that is of partic ular appeal to the Peruvian taste; but it is by no means a temperance drink. Indeed, its consumption in some parts of Peru has gotten to be something of the same sort of vice that pulque drinking has become in the valley of Mexico. The Attraction. I have a friend in East Africa who writes from a remote village that he was much puzzled recently by the marked interest in himself shown by the natives, says the Clubman in Pall Mall Gazette. First the “mayor,” In a much-worn dresscoat and a fancy red waistcoat (worn outside the coat) ar rived and walked round and round the Englishman at a spot where he was superintending the erection of a “wire less.” Later the native gentleman re quested that in the afternoon he might bring his friends, which he did to the number of a dozen; and they, lihe he, proceeded to walk round the soldier, peering curiously into his face. In the evening they returned with food offerings. And the reason of this flattering attention turned out to be a gold tooth, which they imagined must havn grown in my friend’s mouth. THE UNIVERSAL CAR Ford Automobiles Lead the We^y This quality automobile has taken leadership because of its flexibility and low maintenance cost, and the accessibility to all motoring.requirements. We suggest that you file your order promptly to insure de livery on*the„day and date you will require the use'of your auto mobile. Authorized Ford Dealers are prepared to show you the mod els'besfsuited tojyour individual needs and can supply you with any of the recognized Ford accessories. We carry a full stock of genuine Ford parts and employ only skilled mechanics. T. & T. MOTOR CO. PhoneDl7s Edgerton, Wis. HOW FEBRUARY WAS NAMED Month Known to the Romans as a Pe riod of Religious Expiation and Purification. February was one of the two months (January being the other) introduced into the Roman calendar by Numa Pompilius, when he extended the year into 12 of these periods. Its name arose from the practice of re ligious expiation and purification which took place among the Romans at the beginning of this month, and comes from februare, to expiate or to purify. Among our Saxon ancestors the month got the name of Sproutkale on account of the sprouting of cabbage at this ungenial season. The name of Sol-monatt was afterward conferred on it in consequence of the return of the sun from the low course in the heavens, which it had been running, starting on the first day of the month. The following day. or February 2, has from a date unknown in the Chris tian history been held as a festival of the purification of the Virgin, carrying out the pagan idea of cleansing, ac cording to some writers, but the idea is at least open to doubt, as its pop ular name, even in the early church, is Candlemas, from the practice of carry ing lighted candles in procession in memory of Simeon’s words at the pres entation of the infant Jesus. “To be a light to lighten the Geptiles.” The Christmas decorations are taken down on this day in the churches. STRANGEST OF SHIP FREAKS British Inventor Must at Least Be Credited With the Possession of Much Imagination. Since that memorable day long ago when our rude forefathers first ven tured afloat in their dugout canoes many very curious ships have been built. Perhaps the most extraordinary of all these freaks was the steamer Connector, which was launched in British waters in 1863. The Connector was built in three sections, each of which was, so to speak, a ship of itself. The bow or forward section, which was fitted up in the usual way, was jointed to the mid ship section by means of a huge bolt in such a manner that, as the ship pitched, it could rise or fall quite in dependently of the other two sections. Thus, as the ship met the waves a kind of wriggle ran along the hull. First the bow section rose, then the midship section followed suit, and finally the stern section wriggled up ward. The craft passed safely through some very severe trials, and even ven tured out in heavy weather. The idea was to build up Ships in sections like trains, so that any particular section could be dropped at the various ports of call. No living representative of the an imal kingdom has more than five toes, digits or claws to each foot, hand or limb. The horse is the type of the one-toed creation, the camel of the two toed, the rhinoceros of the three-toed and the hippopotamus of the four-toed, and the elephant and hundreds of oth er animals of the five-toed. Any King Would Do. “I can trace my descent in a direct line from one of the early kings of England,” she said, “Which one?” he asked. “I don’t recall the name. What kings did England have?” —Springfield (Ohio) News. Children Cry for Fletcher’s Eastoria The Sind You Have Always Bought, and which has been in use for ever thirty years, has borne the signature of sp —and has been made under his per , s sonal supervision since its infancy. Allow no one to deceive you in this. ./11l Counterfeits, Imitations and “ Jus>as-good ” are but Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of Infants and Children —Experience against Experiment. What is CASTOR IA Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Paregoric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is pleasant. It contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other narcotic substance. Its f.ge is its guarantee. For more than thirty years it has been in constant use for the relief of Constipation, Flatulency, Wind Colic and Diarrhoea; allaying Feverishness arising therefrom, and by regulating the Stomach and Bowels, aids the assimilation of Food; giving healthy and natural sleep. The Children's Panacea — The Mother's Friend. CEMUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS In Use For Over 30 Years The Kind You Have Always Bought the centauw new VOwk city. |j if Electric Range | I what! Cook, broil and bake without flame or dirt? Sounds impossible, and yet with a General Electric Type Electric Range it is now altogether feasible. And food cooked in this won derful range is improved in flavor and loses less weight than when cooked in any other way. We have several of these popular ranges on display and will be glad to demonstrate. JANESVILLE ELECTRIC CO. Phone 34. Edgerton, Wis. 105 N. Ht nrj St. We have just received another lot of New, Snappy, Beautiful Georgette Dresses for ' Graduation and Class Time The girl or young* lady who desires something different, something new and classy for class and graduation exercises, cannot go far wrong in select ing one of the beautiful dresses just unpacked at our store. The light shades prevail—white, flesh and grey. The styles are exceptionally pretty and some thing you will immediately like. They are moder ately priced. Simpson Garment Store JANESVILLE, WISCONSIN.