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THE OOFHER EYEMM H
Fart Two. PAGES 5 TO 8. TEWS. Vol VK Calumet. Hnuahtnn PminK t:u: o-a i r,- oo 1000 m 1 a fo, FITZHUGII .....r rnNSUL-CENERAL PL,R ..ii-v rP HAVANA. V. 11 Not e " P - Vll I'nkrt a.l t.rS :w f,be-NPh,W llelnf of the la Confederate ENERAL FITZ- jy ff 1 hugh Lee.tne newly (p appointed consul -K1 STV general to Cuba, Is not unfamiliar with the scenes of war that await him at his post. He has Been some Bervlce. He Is a nephew of General Robert E. Lee and served un r the mat confederate leader during It. war of tne reoemuu. . -- relnla, and was grauuoicu v.. .',L,v Bpademv In 1S5G. Comruia- L.a n lieutenant in the Second cav- f .. upnt to the frontier, was severe- Wounded by the Indians and was re ined to te Instructor or cavairy at test Point. When tho war came Lleu UntLee resigned his commission and ,ined the confederate cause, ai nroi did staff duty and was adjutant gen- Hl of Ewell's brigade. In September, 1, he was made lieutenant colonel thP First Virginia cavalry anu soon orward was r-romoted to be colonel. e served In all the campaigns of the ht of northern Virginia. In 18G2 ,pe was made a brigadier general and maior ceneral in 1S63.. At Winches- r, In 1SC4, he was disabled by a severe jund. which kept him from duty lor reral months. In 1SC3 he was placed command of the whole cavalry corps the army of northern Vrmglnla, and month later surrendered to General .'ade at Farmville and retired to his irginla home. In 1883 he was elected rernor of Virginia. General Lee es to Cuba with absolute liberty to vel about wherever he pleases un- structed and unrestricted by the aniarda. Should the President de e any Information concerning tho late of affairs in Cuba the new cou ld general will be In a splendid po3l- a to gather It. It is known that Gca- a ' Ai r GEN. FITZHUGII LEE. irallee. whil hoine a fair man. warm s' sympathizes with the Insureents. Water of Gold anil Sliver. The time-honored custom of shower ing rice upon the departing bride and room has its painful side. Many young ioupies have begun their honeymoon In actual physical pain, thanks to tho ony gruins which have stung their fcto their iiothes and down their necks. orse disasters than this are on rec rd. Hordes have taken fright at the feckles? Showering of these grains and wis, in 6rae cases, has led to the over jurning 6f the carriage and severe in jury of Its occupants. Attempts have casiohally teen made to mend this tote 6f affairs but until lately nothing bis taken the place of rice. The prob la at last solved, however. At a pent double wedding confetti was fed as a substitute for the offending pe. For the benefit of such readers Is are unacquainted with confetti I may Scribe them as tiny paper wafers, principally gold and silver, with a few oiored ones intermixed by way of ad- D8 to the effect. The progress of each Ide down the 6taircase to the car- W on this particular occasion was we la a shower of gold and silver rely nnit no rnn.i r..m tn tir Jwture prosperity as could pogslbly be Jtforded by the prosaic grains of rice. effect of tho myriads of sparkling Confetti wa3 abaolutely charming and ?Jirylike ns they fluttered to the fround. the sun catching them as they M Certainly they clung about the presses of the newly married couples, ,lut they did no harm and were soon f-aken off. In the house, as they fell joa the floral decorations and sparkled among the roses and fern3, they pro duced a result that Is well worthy of te by thoso whoso business it is to , P-ovide novelties for functions of this ,' rt. As for the horses, they were sub limely unconscious of the tiny gold and (Silver pieces with which their backs tad been sprinkled by tho time they uen.vaverly. nw He Learned the Newa. Senator Stenhpn n Tiiin f wst P'r&inia tells an Interesting story of bis tl , n 10 n,s Present seat. "I was lt- un8 In my Studv nf mv onnntrv knmi " . ne, "awaiting the returns that ;uuia toll me whether or not I had "?n chosf n iniii.ik. cn amdcn. The operator at the telegraph """a naa orders to open all telegrams pressed to me and to telephone their intents t m. i u.i.. c..,nv mePnone beU rang anJ th0 fh. fn governef.8, who answered the Pnone. cam a i . , i va ? Pfrson at tho other end of the wire i?In "0Wlthlng about 'shoes,' she w lli T till I 'It's tnv ulfo'. I a 1 1 . , my wires slioeniaUer r,v,,i.i .... iu itl mo mauer rest until to morrow.' She delivered the message but returned shortly to say that the man Insisted on talking to me. I went to the telephone. It was the telegraph operator and the message he was trying to transmit to me was: 'When shall I send you ray shoes? Johnson R. Cam den.' Then I knew that I had been chosen to fill the shoes of that worthy gentlemen." Exchange. Joore la frotldaot. The pictures printed In southern newspapers of the new home of Sam Jones, the evangelist, at Cartersvillc, Georgia, show that It merits the term palatial, which is applied to It. Archi tect aud builder were apparently giv en carte blanche, and the Interior dec orations and furnishings were supplied regardless of expense. Tho revivalist Is now "well fixed" with the treasures that moth and ru3t are supposed to corrupt. There ar9 fine horses. In his stables, thoroughbred doss in his ken nels and other comforts of wealth. Mrs. Ml &m -V.; ' o ni'.vlt-Si SAM JONES. Jones takes special pride In a collec tion of souvenir spoons said to have cost five hundred dollars. I.lqul.t Fuel for ltrltnln'a Ilet. The British admiralty has taken an Important step In directing that the new fleet, cruiser Gladiator, building at l'ortsmouth, bo fitted for the consump tion of liquid fuel. Succc33 has attend ed the experimental use of various forms of liquid fuel In several navies, notably in the Italian, Russian and German services. The Italians have put into all their new ships petroleum burners on a system Invented by an Italian engineer named Cunlbertl, whose system has also been adopted by tho German government with satisfac tory results, tho fuel used being not crude petroleum, but petroleum residu um, the use of which, in connection with Cunibertl's burners, is said to be most economical, while it can be burnt without producing smoke, an obvious advantage from a naval point of view. It is curious that the use of liquid fuel has come so slowly to the front, consid ering that experiments with Cunibertl's apparatus were carried out at Spezzia in 1S92. and that M. Weji. the well known French naval expert aud edi tor of Le Yacht, was enthusiastic In Its favor four years ago. It Is anticipated that before long the use of some form of petroleum fuel will be general throughout tho navy, as It has the en ormous advantago of increases the. ra dius of action of a .av veaei by sou.e GO or 70 per cent, and further, will probably go somo way towards solving the difficult problem of replenishing fuel supplies at sea. , ... ' ' The Ottoman Einplr. ThA nnrtmonth debaters have chosen nimatlnn nubmitted by Wll IUC lilDfc - n tho flr.t annual debate, which llama iui - , will be held in May. The question reads as follows: "Resolved. Tnai ine ku- i ,ifnrft demands the suppression of the Ottoman empire by the European powers." Dartmouth cnose me mo tive. Speak Well of rr. Hiatlneulshed visitors from England. John Oliver Hobbes and Har ry Furniss, have taken occasion to pay their respects to us since their return, and It is profitable to compare the ob jects of interest they found here Mrs. Cralgie. who has succumbed to a Brit ish Interviewer, was lraprowu u, fact that we are a deeply religious pco- JOHN OLIVER HODBES. r.- rratrf 1 ptlon .l .". --"- lon. rcSorlcr.. the Hre' PPt'" " c"' Americans tonuiu An oath on the lip shows that the Jll f L VMsM-W Ik rrrr-- o"i wunkjr, ivuuiugaii, oaiuruay, may .o, ioUi inu i LAND OP THE BLACKS. NATIVE TRIBES OP AFRICA DY1NQ BY SWORD. the Good Chrlatlen Natloea of re rope Mtktac Qoick Work of Eit.rmlnallnc OoU'a Creaturea A Dlasrace to Century CuDCri Still. FRICA HAS LONG been picturesquely named the "Dark Continent," but it might now be more appropriately call ed the "Bloody Continent." A few years ago It was dark in the sense that Euro p e a n s knew little about it Since they have shed their light upon Its remotest places It has been turned Into a land of bloody strife and turmoil from end to end. A number of bloody outbreaks, of such a character as to interest even Americans unconcerned with European policy, help to call attention at this moment to the perpetual condition of Africa. It is hardly to be doubted that this condition will continue until all the warlike races of Africa are exter minated or reduced to bhe condition of hopeless subjection. There are three great regions of Africa which are of supreme interest at this moment. They are the Egyp tian Soudan, Abyssinia and South Africa. To the first two places belong the distinction that Europeans have suffered there about as much as the natives. A strong Egyptian expedition, under British officers, has started to attempt to reclaim the Soudan from the Mahdl, who rules in absolute despotism at Khartoum. The dervishes and Ma hometan Desert tribes who maintain the Mahdi's power, believe that he Is tho direct representative of Mahomet, and in fighting for him lie3 their only hope of heaven. While a Prltish expedition Is going to the SouJan. a Belgian expedition from the Congro Free State, which has an outlet on the West Coast of Africa, has started for the same region. This expedition has been re-lnforced by Houssas, native troops, from the British colony of Sagos, also on the ..f .nnat - The Belgians are probably now fighting in the heart of Africa. The brutalizing occupation of the Europeans in Africa does not tend to make them humane anu b"u ' their treatment of one another. The whole world has lately been reading about one illustration of this fact. . t...... t TTinirHahmen. supposed to be the pick of the pioneers of their race in Africa, being chiefly officers and men of the military police of the Brit ish South Africa company, has made a murderous raid into the Transvaal one of the few colonies In Africa that have any claim to respectab llty. It It Raid that the Boers aro iy - that there are so many ui - left in the Transvaal, after so long a iml of colonization is m - tribute to their masters. These Engllsnmen siai .... mirhinft runs and other arms to enter tho territory of a foreign "f.inn,iiv state and slaughter the peaceful and unoffending the severe fleieai uy --- not make them realize that they had done wrong. Their Ainc... had destroyed their moral snse It must not ne suppu- """";., ... Timpsnn'a raiacrs mm iu- trouble in tne more "J"' ; South Africa, mere . ""- VT warlike hostility between the English and the Dutch elements In Cape Col- .... fiMtiA Kreo aiaic, uuu i rnv.t ronorts lay in-vt Transvaai. . -.v .Ma nrn nrenarms Zl ' Biv Bn abundance of armed Ln in those places. The reports also iav that German officers are helping the Boers and that Germany has prom--.i material aid in a possible i.K th Tlrltiah. U7.,- thia nftRslbillty of a general conization in South Africa, there Is JoTe h"d actual fighting there The Matabeles have risen osaln in the British South Africa Company s terrl rr, t-niivl seven white men near Buluwayo. and since then a much larger number of the nauves u. nr.tflhi.irii are a brave, strong ond fierce race, allied to the Zulus. . - hoforo the devasta- WuO lOUHlil D - . ting British Influence swept over and beyond their country. The MaUVtle were mowed down ia thousand by Dr. Jameson and his troopers and ma chine guns before their land was finally conquered for the British South Africa Company. The remnant of them will possibly make a hard fight now. Another element of trouble lies la the Delagoa Bay situation. Under a treaty England has tho first right to purchase this portion of Portuguese East Africa, If It should be offered for sale. It lies between the Transvaal and the ocean, and Its possession would enable the British to surround the Boers. The German Emperor, It is be lieved, Is prepared to resist by force this advance of the British. To the north of Portuguese East Af rica Is German East Africa. Dr. Peters, the late administrator of that territory, is now being tried in Barlln for cruel ties to the natives. . He hanged men and women for petty thefts. In the Indian Ocean, off the east coast of Africa Is the great is land of Madagascar, which the French have Just conquered after a cam paign very deadly to themselves. Lately the natives revolted and burned a religious mission houso and killed several of its occupants. A punitive military expedition has Just done Its work near Mombasa in British East Africa. ' The British are now occupying Ash antl, In the interior of Africa, behind the Gold Coast Colony, and hold King Prempeh a prisoner. The French have occupied Timbuctu, the capital of Eastern Soudan, a mys terious city hitherto known to us chief ly on account of Its comic-opera name. The Sultan of Moroeco i3 slaughter ing his subjects. This is but a glimpse of the bloody work that Is going on in Africa. Putting a crown on th head, puts nothing kingly in tho'heart. Wflf MAP SHOWING- THE DISTURBANCES IN AFRICA. A Motuitl Foiwlneee. ..tt.m nid Mrs. Pulslver. "when you talk in your sleep about the kitty It always wakes baby up. She Just dotes on a kitty. "So do I." answered Mr. v., graieiui for his escape. Detroit Free Press. SOME RECENT PATENTS. A keyless bicycle lock. An improved sanitary corset A bottle that cannot be refilled. A pipe for blowing soap bubbles. A combination Eideboard aud exten sion table. A new alternating eloctric moior. by Nicola Tesla. A machine for ornimenuuj i&iass dishes, by which the dish is both scalloped and crimped by one motion or operation. A machine for the manufacture of "wire glass." by which a network of ir u imbedded in the glass, adding to Us strength and flexibility. A self-oiler for journals on me prin ciple of capillary attraction. A wick lays alongside the Journal and extends down below into on oil receptacle. A pineaplle knife, with a tubular qulll-pen-shaped point adapted to gougo out tho eyes of the apple; a thumb-piece guide, which can be set so ns to gauge the depth of the cut. An amuRlng toy, in which the whale swallowing Jonah is depicted. A metal lic whale rests In a tank of water, In which "Jonah" has been ca-t. A pow erful magnet Inside the whale attracts the metal "Jonah" and draws him Into Its open mouth. Ancient Indian temrles at Ceylon are beln illuminated by electricity. IT LOOKS BEHIND. A Teleerope OThii-h la Said to DoobU the I'aefulaeae of Ordinary Oleeaeai Mankind once had an extra eye !a the back of his head. Scientists say that they can still find traces of this eye In a certain Irregular formation of the skull at the point where the an cient eye-socket used to be, says the, New York World. These Irregular) places are called rudimentary eyes, but) they are not to be found In all people In fact, a man who can boast of a rudimentary eye is quite a superior person. Of course, these rudimentary eyes are of no real use to anybody, not even to the owner of them, but they serve to show ua that at a certain stage In our career nature thought it was a wise thing to enable us to keep a watch in the rear. A foreign firm of opticians have very considerately en deavored to supply, as far as may be done by mechanical means, the loes of this rear-view eye. They have-constructed a telescope which enables the user to look around a corner. By Its means you may see and remain unseen, a circumstance which possesses obvious advantages. They call the invention the stereo-telescope. Stereo comes from a Greek word meaning solid, and in this connection it is used as indi cating that the image, as seen through the stereo-telescope seems an exact counterpart of the object and not a mere picture of It The two tubes that extend horizontally carry an object glass at either end. The eye pieces are placed on an axis at right angles to that of the objecting or oblong tubes. When the observer looks through the small peep-holes he sees a different field with each eye. The rays of light from the objects that lie In the field of vision are (Keficcted by means of prisms, so that they turn the corner of the right angle. Thus you may leisurely study an ob- Ject while under cover, the head being in sucn a position as noi 10 auuin ui (la Kafnir aoon Wtldn thA 1uhf flXfl thus extended, the observer may stand behind a tree or a wall and reconnolter from his concealed position. There are also open points in lavor 01 me in strument The field of vision is enor mously extended. You may study ob jects at opposite points of the compass with no more trouble than the winking of your eye. The stereo-telescope may be folded up, In which position, being held with the tubes upward, It enables the observer to look above an object ob structing his riew, such as a hedge, wall or crowd of poplo. Atamlanne t'oRlna. Aluminum coffins are the latest and the New York, Pittsburg and St Louis undertakers carry them in stock. They are made of uniform width, square ends and vertical sides and ends, such being the accepted shape of the modern bur ial casket. They are finished with a heavy molding around the bottom aid at the upper edge, and with pilasters at the corners and with a round molded top. They are provided with extension bar handles. Aluminum caskets are not covered, but finished with a metal surface burnished. They are lined In the same manner. The non-corrosive qualities of aluminum as well as the lightness of tho caskets recommend Vi A fit A ir-foot aluminum ortTii weighs but 100 pounds, an oak casket of the same size 1D0 pounds, a ciom cas- nv. mal Urine tthnut ITS noundfl. Other metallic caskets weigh from 430 to C00 pounds. Aluminum comns are lit-t bornme nar.ular among the poor, as their cost ranges from 1100 to $750. -New yorit wona. TIIE IIAWKEYE POET. MR. WATERMAN'S HIGH PLACE IN LITERATURE. The Keynote at Ilia Song- la4 Located Midway lletweea the BtnlUt end tho Tear, Hot tor- Removed rrona tho Sigh. ANY have laughed over Nixon Water man's quaint con celts and witty !rL turn8 on common- nlace things, but bow many stop to consider what a gain to the world such a healthy, sunny writer is. We need more- of mem, more sermons with the golden rule for a text so cunningly hidden away that one never suspects anything sermon-like until one Is impelled to a Kinder thought and act, and can trace the impulse to the reading of the poems so full of kindly feeling. : Mr. Waterman is not a fighter. He does not buckle on his literary armor and sally forth with a clarion call to arms. His is not a vitriolic pen, but tho lesson is taught none the less ef fectually. There is a gentle strength about the writings of this young western poet, which indicates an undercurrent of thought, that does not lose itself In meanderings of poetical imagery, but goes straight to the understanding. There is a merciful tolerance in the tone of Mr. Waterman's writings, even when the lesson is pointed. The point la not dipped In gall. In short Mr. Waterman, while not being at all ag gressive, has a way of making people want to be better, and ashamed of hav ing done or thought anything mean. While his writings in the Bulletin have no distinctive flavor of the bicycle, they certainly have a tendency to make the paper more Interesting. We quote from the Midland Monthly, which In a recent article says of Mr. Waterman that be is "one of the three best known and widely quoted news paper poets." "The key-note of his song is located about midway between a smile and tear, and always Immeasurably distant from a sigh. He Is never pessimistic, and a line of satire was never formed by his pen." The purity of his verse is exempli fied in tho following, which presents to the mind all that is sweetest and best of the "grande passion" without any of the besmirching thoughts and 72 V-:: NIXON WATERMAN, suggestions which sometimes dim the. luster of. the most beautiful poems. "The Lily's lips are pure and white. without a touch of fire. The rose's heart is warm and red and sweetened with desire; In earth's broad field ct deathless bloom, the gladdest lives are those Whose thoughts are as the lily, and whose love is like the rose." The. law of compensation is most beautifully illustrated, in the follow ing fragment: "The gifts that to our breasts we fold Aro brightened by our losses. The sweetest Joys a heart can hold Grow up between its crosses, And on life's pathway many a mile Is- made more glad and cheery Because for Just a little while The way scorned dark and dreary." Thoro Is a peculiar characteristic of Mr. Waterman which for want of a bettor term wo might call sunniness, that would disarm the most aggress ive of mortals. As one mlgh. Judge from his writings he Is one of the most appreciative of friends end a genial companion. Wm. Rosser Cobbo says of the poet- ditor: "His is a nature taat rolls away the clouds and pours In a fctream of sunshine upon all with whom he comes In contract Life Is pleasant and glad to him, and the Joy of his wisdom is that it would make everyone else hap py." Mr. Waterman Is still a young roan, and if the coming years fulfil their promise, for with such a nature life grows broader as It grows older, what may we not expect? But whatever the future may bring the world is richer and better for what he has already written, the sweet songs that will live in the loving memory of the people.. His poems have lately been printed In book form. Arm?nla Is not a thoroughly Chris tian country, as Is generally believed Out of a population of 3.510.203 nearly flve-elxths are Mohammedan, the ex- ict number being 2,900,411 to only C09. 701 Christians. SHE LIKES FRANCE BEST. ' Lady Uao-Mpto t lMrrlUI ta tilt Eof Immd rm. Lady Randolph Churchill, whose en gagement to William Waldorf Astor has Just been announced, although th mother of two- grown sons, looks al most as young and handsome as when she was one of the famous group of young American beautie whom Na poleon III. invited to Gomplegne at the time of the celebration of the prince imperial's tenth birthday. It was during her visit at Complcgne tbat Miss Jennie Jerome gained the friendship of the prince and- princess of Wales, who -were among her fellow guests a friendship that greatly aided her so cial career In England, and ia turn in creased her ability to promote her late husband's political success. From Complegne she went witt her mother' and her two sisters to Cowes, where she was Introduced' to Lord Ran dolph on board of the royal yacht. It was a case on his side, at least of love at first sight Three days later he proposed to her. Mrs. Jerome saw ia him only a younger son, with no pros pects; and she took her daughter bad; LADY CHURCHILL, to Paris. They were married, however. In 1S74. Lady Randolph Churchill has few interests in America, except as a small property owner. She is passionately attached to France and the French, and prefers Paris to London. This is In deed the only point on which she and Mr. Astor differ. He adores Germany, and dislikes France, and the French. Lady Randolph Churchill is the daugh ter of Leonard Jerome, of New ork. The Thrifty Teople of Maine. Labor Commissioner Mathews, in his studies of household economics in Maine, computes the diily cost of liv ing per individual, in families, to be 31 cents, rent, food, fuel and lights cost ing 21 cents, while the co3t per individ ual for single men for board, which re presents the above named items, is 46 cents. According to the figures obtain ed in 1S91 these same items, cost re spectively, S3 cents. 23 cents and 49 cents, a lessening in tho total dally cost of living to the individual in the family of 2 cents, of tho cost of the In dividual for rent, fuel, and lights of 2 cents and of the cost for board to th single man of 3 cents. The average daily cost per Individual in families for the item of food- is Vi cents, as against a cost of 14 cents in 1S9L Men iwith families saved IS per cent of their Incomes, as compared with 12. per cent in 1S91. These figures are at best but approximations. Lewlstoa (Me.) Jaur nal. Democratic Serg-eaot-at-j Colonel John L Martin, who will CU the Important function of swgeant-at- arms of the democratic national con vention,, is & St Louis lawyer who Is widely known. In Missouri. He was born in. St Louis in ISIS, and early in life was of material assistance to his parents,, who wert In straitened circum stances. U was a driver of a levee dray when he went Into politics, and was elected to the Missouri legisla ture. At that time he was the young est man ever elected to the Missouri assembly. Colonel Martin then read law in the office of Colonel Robert S. MaDonald, ene of the leding lawyers in St Loulsy and for many years has been well known for his ability in criminal cases. He has great power with a Jury. It was he who defended Maxwell in the famous murder case. and. while the Jury condemned the de fendant they afterward admitted that If they had a second vote they wouU fit- 7CS? mm COL. JOHN I. MARTIN, have acquitted him. Cclonel Martin has been prominent in fraternal and benevolent orders, such as the Odd Fellows, A. O. U. W.. Knights of Hon or and other great organizations. Ai colonel of the Sixth regiment, S. K. A, O. U. W., he did much ta Improve th proficiency of that regiment He wai captain of the Shaw Giurds, M. N. Q, and won for his company much of its reputation. He Is a whole-souled, gen erous. genial man, very popular in St Louis and throughout hi? state. God made some laws to show he. mch he hatca lul:a?a. ""n i quite make It out. 'Oh!' eaU I devil Is In the heart.