Newspaper Page Text
t II. 0. IS
Thing of the Past.
V. IH-HS SCIIKME WINS.
Bnrtl.rrl..-I "f OHOrllj. Com
.... ! Name of the New Can-
"T, for o..n..u..Utlo Honora-Lead-f
the Movement llelleve That Com
' . u ill Komi DUplac Our lteiub-
, itt was announced
cb'cag0'iirht by friends of Eugene V.
M?7hat U ha. been decided that the
Ib8lIia 1 "... union is dead.
,. TMilway union
if ,r the public announcement Tues-
AIlt . u .n.ril Vial! nnd snpech-
iay,u" . - j. aHlourned to Ul
morning ai -
tne Ufirbaiv -
where lr. Jjeus Butiausui:
u, hf.me was launched. A
Clu .. mndpleri unon
nstltut on was aT"-i
fh Bellamy theory, the state of Wash
L0 being selected as the scene of
he experiment. A declaration of prin
ts, prepared by Mr. Debs, was is
led in pamphlet form and distributed
broadcast; a corps of organizers will
h lent and recruiting headquarters will
J! established In Chicago with branches
I every state in the Union.
The names on the roster of the Amer
ican Railway union will be transferred
to that of the American Co-operative
union or brotherhood, and new mem
hers must pay a small admission fee
tocether with an annual per capita tax.
A'l members will be required to pass a
wrt of civil service examination before
heir names can be enrolled. The con
ventlon will adjourn Saturday. Follow
ing the adjournment a great open air
massmeetlng is planned.
Peaceful Army of 100,000 Men.
Mr. Debs said he was positive a peace
(ul army of 100,000 unemployed men
could be mobilized in Chicago within
ten days. It is expected the first divis
ion will leave Chicago bound for Wash
ington within thirty days and possibly
before. It Is the crucial test of so
cialism. "This is the most Important move
ment ever inaugurated in this country
ilnce the American colonists threw off
the British rule," said Professor Par
ions. "It is the arrival of the social
and industrial revolution."
Communism will rule the state. The
leaders feel sure they will then soon be
ible to make a republican form of gov
ernment a thing of the past In this na
tion. "Ve have not yet positively decided
upon which state we shall move first,"
raid Professor Frank Parsons, "but I
have little doubt that It will be Wash
ington. Governor Robinson of that state
Is In sympathy with us, and the laws
ire most favorable to our purpose. The
people are more inclined to our Idea,
too. Only a short time ago they voted
by an overwhelming majority to grant
extraordinary rights to municipalities.
A city there has the right to make Us
own charter. Besides all these reasons,
I think we can have land given us.
There has been some correspondence
with the governor and others on that
point, and the outlook Is good."
Professor Parsons Is one of the most
prominent socialists In this country. lie
if connected with the Boston University
Law school, and Is dean of the educa
tional department of the new "Brother
hood of Co-operative Commonwealth."
Amon.tr the books he has written are
"Our Country's Need," the "Philosophy
of Mutualism," and "Public Ownership
of Mnnojxilit .s."
The Idea Is to merge the "Brother
hood of Co-operative Commonwealth"
with the A. R. IT. Into a new organiza
tion of larger scope.
Oltjeetn T the Commonwealth.
The lirotheihood of Co-operative Com
monwealth was organized last fall, but
It has not been able to accomplish
much practically, except In the way of
education. It3 president is Myron W.
Reed, the famous Denver divine. The
objects, as given in the constitution,
1. To educate the people in the prin
ciples of socialism.
2- To unite all socialists in one fra
3- To establish co-operative colonies
nd industries and, so "far as possible,
concentrate these colonies and Indus
tries in one state until said state Is
These will be the principles of the new
crganlzation. The brotherhood has at
LrKesent a altered membership of 2,.r,00.
This lack of number Vina nrpvpntpil It
from doins much to attract national at
tention, but the throwing of the whole
rower of the American Railway union
into the fray gives It world-wide Im
portance. "Ever since the great strike of 1S94.
the American Railway Union has been
Preparing for some such move as this,"
Mia John Lloyd, organizer of the Amer-
"n Kallway union. "Every local un
ion has a lecturer, and the lectures have
been Riven on economic topics. As a
rj-sult of this quiet educational work,
tne union Is almost to a man In favor
socialism. Our idea Is, first, to form
folony of about 5,000. This will be
carefully selected from among men who
iv.ro.uh,Jr understand the principles
"h en govern us. Every trade and le-
t I K"irnate OOnmntlnn will K ..nnaanfe.
1 from hoile" makers to farmorti. Faoh
I llin win contribute his labors to the
"mmunity and he will be provided for
U ?y the cornmor lot. Mr. Debs will
trim t0 lve h,s d,rect Personal at
trition to the work. As soon as we can
, ne colony started and working suc-
. luuy. we will form another near
there, w, n.m
,1, - ncrji un in mui way UII
" We lnnt.Al IV . . ..
Hoffman Murder Myntery.
of th Flanclac. June 16. A new phase
the Hoffman tragedy was presented
in? y hen u wa reported that an
" nm'n woman, strangely acting, and
not ceably careful to conceal her JdentI-
'., '88 BMTl nn 1 I
) thaowntown establishment of Hoff
A... Rothschild. The coroner's In-
l 91 ,Kan Tuesday afternoon. Hook
ltnpfSF,SeI has been subpoenaed as a
TliBht They Mpe IonM.(ll,,TM,
'rianapolls, June 16. James T.
kmS an advertl'ng solicitor, was
lirri Tueslay morning by Harvey Leon
fm f farrrT, west of this city. Thatch-
J ,n company with some women.
horse longing to Leonard and
thni ! Cff with Ul Leonard said he
nip they were horsethleves, pur-
ue and shot Thatcher with a ehotgun.
THE NE'.V3 IN BRIEF.
Ccnductcr Charlen McNeill of the San
ta Fe WB s run over at l'rincevllle, Ills.,
and died while ur.dergt Ing a surelcal
operation. Ills home was at Chillicothe.
The Rev. Peter Bi ndy died of heart
failure, aired TS years, lie was a full
blooded Miami Indian.' ami In early days
was one of th leading personages of the
tribe. For fifty years he had be n an
ordained Baptist minister.
Icebergs 200 feet long and Hixty feet
high are amusing photographers on the
Daniel Parshall, a Pipestone (Mich.)
township farmer, committed suicide by
blowing off his head with a Ehotgun.
John Green was thrown from a wagon
of lumber at Little Rock, Ark., dragged
a block and killed.
Frederick Brlr.kert, aged 58 years, a
Macomb (Mich.) county farmer, hanged
himself because of financial troubles.
The 3-year-old daughter of William
Baker, a contractor, of Indianapolis, was
playing with matches and set fire to her
clothing. Bef re her mother could reach
her she burned to death.
A carload of potatoes shipped from
the Mansfield. Pa., station a few days
ago netted the farmers 12 centsa bushel.
The Rev. Joseph Stutsman, aged 65,
was struck by a falling tree near Mld
dlebury, Ind., and probably fatally In
jured. At the request of Frank P. Welch, he
has been retired as receiver of the Fort
Wayne, Terre Haute and Southwestern
and Frank I. Winsor succeeds him.
Harry Muser fell from the roof of a
four-story building at Notre Dame, Ind.,
and escaped with a fractured leg.
Last year $26,000,000 of English capl
tal was Invested In the business of man
ufacturing automotor carriages.
Earl Carlton, a Royal ton township
(Mich.) farmer, was kicked by a horse
Women working In many German far
torles are forbidden to wear corsets dur
lng working hours.
Denmark has the greatest amount to
the Inhabitant In the savings bank, be
Ing about i'tO each.
London has an area or bes square
miles. Greater New York will have an
area of 359 square miles.
Fcr the first time In four years the
shops of the Erie at Huntington, Ind
are running full time with about the
usual number of employes.
Southern railroad companies have
purchased since Jan. 1 of this year over
100 locomotives, valued at $1,100,000,
John Ewlng, 18 years, was drowned
while bathing In Fourche bayou, near
Little Rock. Ark.
Warm In tho Northwest.
St. Paul, June 16. The hot weather
continues, 74 degrees being the official
figure at 7 o'clock Tuesday morning In
this city and 92 being given aB the max
Imum and 72 as the minimum for the
past twenty-four hours. The day
started with all indications of at least
equaling Monday and Sunday. Winni
peg, Huron, Bismarck and Moorhead
each report 70 at 7 o'clock and Duluth
with 62 a? the coolest at that hour. La
rr-)?K havinc a record of 76 and Mar
J'roud Day for Oodkin.
London. June 16. Among the rec'pl
ents ?. honorary degrees from the Uni
versity of Oxford are Wilfrid Laurier,
premier of the Dominion of Canada;
r William V. Whlteway. premier of
New Foundland. and E. L. Godkln, ed
Stor of the New York Evening Post.
Women Carried Off.
Havana. June 16. At Las Tolronas,
PInar del Rio province, a band of pa
e-Iflcos working on the sugar estate
there and tobacco fields, with papers
from the Spanish commander allowing
them to do so; were raided by a guei
aln and Prodnee.
Chicago. June 15
trviinu-inir were the quotations on the
nonrd of Trade: Wheat June, opened
nn,t rirsprt nominal: July, opened 0v2c,
closed B'J-'Stc: September, operea o;i.
64'ic; ncemuer, openea 00741-.
6Cc. Corn June, opened and
nominal: July, opened 24c,
9Rf: September, opened 264C,
vfiUrv Oats June opened and
closed nominal; July, opened isc, closed
lSiic; September, opencu lsc, cioseu
18ic Pork July, opened $7.65, closed
$7 57: September, opened $7.80, closed
7-7iLo T.nrd Julv. opened $3.75, closed
$3.72Va'; September, opened $3.85. closvd
T'rnduce: Butter Extra creamery,
nun i,.r tti: extra dairy. 12c:
nnXintr toek. 6(W7c. Eggs Fresh
it-ir qp ner dozen. Live Poultry
Tt.rk.va 7r,(8o per tb: chickens. 77,jc;
7?7ii.v Potatoes Burbanks, SOW
o r,;r 1,11 Honev White clover, U&
YVc per lb; Imperfect. 7$f9c. Apples
Common to fancy, $2.00(3.50 per bbl.
Clilcugo Live Mock.
Chicago. Jure 15.
Hoc-EstImated receipts for the day,
4nV.r. Mlf raneed at $2.20((f3.55 pigs.
Zn'.rAo c.r,L fr lliht. $3.255f 3JJ5
roueh packing. $3.45 3.60 for mixed and
$3 40573.55 for heavy packing ana tmip
i.- r-MMi Kst mated receipt
for the day, 3,000: quotations ranged at
iwf.-s f.r. for choice to extra shipping
tAKr.ffiROO nrood to choice do
-v;1. Zn' crnnd J3.85W4.30 com
, " a " i Vnr,Ti 5n hutchers
BmeeV.$3"o4U00 stockrs;$4.00P4.55 fced
ers ! I1.8BC4.00 cows. $2.604.35 heifer
$2.604.00 bulls, oxen nd .tj 1 2.75
4 30 Texas steer, and $3.50(6.00 veal
T 8hM and Lambs-Estimated
lr:;.-. th dflv. 12.000: prices un
rLV'.. rtttinnV raneed at $3.40
12 80(34.00 Texans. $2.50
4.85 natives and $3.2505.70.
Kat Bnffalo Live Stock.
Dunning & Stevens, Live Stock Ccm
mRslon Merchant!-. East Buffalo, N. Y..
ouote as follows: Cattle-Receipts, 5
??rs: market slow. Hogs-Receipts, ,
ca" market steady. Sheep and Lambs
1 n or- market very dull and
X Tower: fair to good sheep $3.25
3.76; wethers. $4.00 4.1 a.
Milwaukee. June IS,
.t-.ir'r,ci0r N'n. 2 snrlne. 72c; No
, :VJ w 7fir: Julv. 69lic. Corn-Dull
M .hitV 5iv.fii22',c. Barley-Firm;
x' "? 3"ffrS2Ur: samples, 2a33l,2c
Rye-Steady; No. 1. 24c.
St Lonl Oriin.
St. Louis. June 15.
2 red cash eleva
to lie asked: track, 85i87: July.
VS'J-L i-.rrT.nwer: No. 2 cas.h,
SX;?:V tV.i "Uo bid. Oats-Dull: No,
iBiIn ncked: July. 18Uc bid. Rye
4 tarn, z"- r
Detroit. June IS
wh.Tafh white. 83c; cah red, S3c:
Justice Field's Experiences In
in.S PKOl'IT IS CHAMOIS SKIN'S.
The Journey to Sacramento A Laud Itwoiu
In Vulmvllle A Good Investment Wait
ing For Client Laying the Foundation
of a Great Career.
Washington, June, 1ft. (Special.
Many efforts havo been made by publish
ing houses to Induco Justlco Field to con
sent to the publication of his memoirs, Lut
without success. The old justice, who
now lacks only two months of beating all
records for length of scrvlco upon tho su
premo bench, resisted ull these appeals and
adhered to his determination not to give
his memoirs to tho public till after his
death. But I nm a bio to trive you another
short chapter from tho Intensely Interest
ing recollections of tho famous jurist.
A Commercial Transaction.
In explanation of the 6tory that when
ho first went to California howusa peddler
of pocketbooks JuhUco Field writes:
Before I left ew York I purchased a
lot of stationery and the usual accom
paniments of a writing table, us I intend
ed to practice my profession In California.
lho stationer, learning from soino remark
tuudu by my brother Cyrus, who wus with
me at the time, that 1 intended to go to
California, said that I ought to buy somo
chamois skins in which to whip tho sta
tionery, a J they would bo needed Micro to
mako bugs for carrying gold dust. Upon
this suggestion, I bought a dozen skins
for $10. On unpacking my trunk In
MuryBvllle these chamois skins were of
course exposed, und u gcntlemun culling
ut the tent which I then occupied asked
mo what I would tuko for them. I an
swerod by Inquiring what ho would give
for them. He replied at once an ounce
apiece. My nstonlshment nearly choked
me, for an ounro was taken for flu; at
the mint It often yielded $18 or $10 in
coin. I of course let the skins go and
blessed the hunter who brought tho chum
ois down. The purchaser made bags of
the skins, and the profit to him from their
sale amounted to two ounces on each skin
Ironi this transaction tho story arose
that I had sold portmonnales in Marys
villo before practicing law. Tho story has
no other foundation.
Waiting For Clients.
Nothing could bo nioro entertaining
than Justice Field's description of his
llrst experience us a lawyer in California.
As soon us he hud obtained a little money
ho hired u room ut the corner of Cluy and
Montgomery streets, and paid $300 in ad
vance for one month's rent. Ho put out
his shingle and waited for clients, but
nono came. The only employment ho had
was drawing n deed, for which ho charged
un ounce of gold, but tho client thought
that too much, so they compromised on
half un ounce.
"To tell tho truth," says Justice Field,
I was hardly lit for business. I was too
much excited by tho stirring life uround
mo. There was so much to hear 11 nu see
that I spent half my time in the streets
and saloons talking with people from tho
mines, in which 1 was greatly Interested
I felt sure that there would soon be occa
sion In thae quarter for my services.
A firm of merchants to whom young
Field had carried letters of introduction
now offered him n chanco to go to a fron
tier town in which they were interested
It was at tho head of navigation, at the
junction of tho Sacramento and fcatlu
rivers, und was culled v crnon. lin? nicr
chants owned town lots there, and offered
to sell Field some of them on credit. They
cave him u ticket for tho steamer McKlm
which they owned, and the luturo jusuco
set out upon his voyage Jan. 12, loit.
"It was the time of tho great lioou 01
that year." says Justice Field, "and tho
entire upper country seemed to bo untie
wuter. Upon reaching the landing piae
at Hiicramcnto, we took small boat und
rowed to tho hotel. Hiorc I found a great
crowd of earnest and enthusiastic people
nil talking about California, und in tho
hlohesfc si irits. In fact. I did not meet
with uny one who did not speak in glow
ina terms of tho country und unllcipaio
sudden ucuuisltlon of fortune. I had ul
nuulv fimcht tho Infection myself, and
these new crowds und theircntliusiasin in
cruised inv excitement. The exuberance
of inv spirits was marvcloiH. Tho nex
day I took the little steamer Luwrcnco lor
Vcruon. Tho boat was so hcuvny taucn as
to bo only 18 Inches out of wuter.
'In three or four hours niter leaving hac-
ramento tho captain suddenly cried out
with great energy, 'Stop her, stop her I
und with some dilliculty tho bout escaped
running Into what seemed to bo a solitary
house standing In u vast lako of water. I
usked what place that was und was un
fiwered Vernon, tho town where I had bceu
advised to eottle us affording a good open
ing for a young lawyer. 1 turned to tho
cuptain nnd said I believed I would not
put out my 6hlngle at vcruon jusc jig.
lut would go larther on. liie next piacu
wo stopped at wus Nlcolaus. and the fol
lowing day wo arrived at a placoculkd
Nye's Ranch, near the junction 01 reamer
and Yuba rivers.
When Yubaville Wa Young.
"No sooner had the vessel struck the
landing at Nye's Ranch than nil the pas
sengers, gome fu or ou in umuun, ua
moved by a common Impulse started for
an old mlobe building which stood upon
the bank of the river and near wnicn
were numerous tents. Judging by the
number of the tents, there must have been
from 500 to 1,000 people there. When we
reached the adubo and entered the print!
11 room, wo saw a map spread out upon
the counter, containing the plan of a town,
which was called Yubaville. nnd a man
standing behind it. crying out, 'Gentle
men, put your numes down; put. your
names down, nil you that want lots " He
seemed to address himself to me. and I
nsked the price of the lots. He answered.
Two hundred and fifty dollars each for
lots 80 by IfiO feet.' 1 took f5 lots,
aggregating in all $10,250 This pro
duced a great sensation. To the best of
my recollection I had only aliout $-0 left,
but it was Immediately noised about that
a grtnt capitalist had come up from San
Francisco to Invest in lots in the rising
town. Tho consequence was that the
proprietors of tho place waited "1"" 1110
und showed mo great attention."
This town of Yubaville wus located right
where General Suttir had mudo his fa
mous gold discoveries. Utiv Mr. I Hid
settled Alown and la ram e the hading lnim
of tho place, there laying the foundation
of his future career ntt r n most novel in
troduction to tho community.
WALT I It WFI LMAX.
LINCOLN'S PRIVATE CAR.
The War Itello ! Now Ahandoucd and
Conv' gned to J let-ay.
Tho war car jf President Lincoln, the
one in which Lincoln mudo hix visits t
he army In the Virginia campaigns, lit
hich he held consultations with Grant,
hcrmau, Sheridan and other leaders, and
in which finally ho was borne to his lust
resting place, Is now abandoned nnd left
o decay In an out of the way corner in the
Union Pacific car shops ut Omaha. The
most nuignlllccnt car on the iron rails in
its time. Its now cracked, weather lcaten
sides, its shattered windows, rusty brass
railings und I wire Interior offer n mournful
contrast to Its dejmrtcd grandeur.
The car wus built spcclully for Mr. Lin
coln in the military cur shops at Alexan
dria early in 184. It was 43 feet long by
8H feet wido, and was divided into three
compartments. Ihe entrance was by a
door that opened at one end into a narrow
corridor extending tho entire length of the
car. From this passageway doors opened
into the three compartments. Tho one ut
the end of the car was larger than the oth
ers. This was Mr. Lincoln's ofllco and
tudy. It wai furnished with tables und a
sofa nnd reclining chulrs. The sofa was a
combination affair, made of unusual length
to correspond to Mr. Lincoln's physical re
quirements. It was used as a sofa or
lounge during the day, but at night could
be adjusted Into u double bed of two berths.
The walls were furnished with rich cord
ed crimson silk upholstery, and tho frieze
displayed puinted punels of the couts of
arms of the several states. Ihe car wus
adapted to the exigencies of the times, be
ing ironclad, armor pluto being set be
tween tho inner and outer wulls to make it
bulletproof. From this circumstance its
weight wus so great that it wus thought
necessary to place It upon four four wheel
Tho car was sent with u quantity of war
material to Cincinnati to be sold In 18(10.
Sidney Dillon of tho Union Pacific pur
chased it with other cars nnd equipment,
and it passed to Omaha. Its connection
with Mr. Lincoln and the fuct that It was
one of tho finest private cars then In exist
enco gave it great temporary public atten
tlon. It was used us a directors' private
car for awhile, but its great weight and
peculiar construction later caused it to be
laid aside. Even as a dining car lor a con
struction gang it proved unsuitable, and
for years it has been disintegrating in idle
ness in the shops at Omaha. Cincinnati
CHILDREN IN HOLLAND.
Little Lads and LaMies In a Scheren
Wandering through the crooked 6trects
of tho little fishing village of Scheuenln
gen, from which the famous Dutch water
ing placo takes its name, I heard merry
shouts of laughter issuing from a garden
inclosed by high walls. The gatowas open
and I peeped in. My curiosity was re
warded by one of the sweetest sights
have ever witnessed. About 20 little Dutch
maids nnd lads, their ages varying from 3
to 6 years, were enjoying a game of ordl
nary American tag, while a little attendant
of ubout 12 years stood by busily knitting
while she watched them. A bell sounded
They all fell In line Uhind the little knit
ter and walked demurely, two by two, In
a serpentine lino around the garden and
disappeared in a long hall, at tho door o
which each child took off its little wooden
shoes and held them in ono hand bchlud
In the meantime the principal came out
and ' invited me by signs to enter. In tho
hall I noticed the little sabots laid orderly
sldo by side. There were three halls
this kindergarten. In each were 50chil
dren between the ages of 3 nnd ft years
the girls in gowns to their ankles, held
out in a balloon fashion with haircloth
pctticonts, little white shawls pinned over
the shoulders, und caps covering tnei
straight yellow locks.
From this free kindergarten tho childrc
of tho fisher folk, many of them fatherless
derive all care and attention. They aro
taught by the same methods used in Ger
manv. All seemed bright and happy.
one room they were singing quaint little
nursery rhymes ubout boats, so one littlo
fellow made me understand by walkin
across tho fioor rolling like a sailor an
then going through the motions of rowing
a boat and pulling in nets. He with great
glee made mo understand that he would
be a fisherman when he was "so big,"
stretching up his arms nnd smoking an
imaginary pipe. This amused the children
so much and made them shout nnd laugh
so loud thut the teucher wus obliged to
send them to their scuts und end our fun.
A Hay In Oljnipla.
Of my three days in Olympla I had one
morning to myself; no Tlndar, no I'au
sanhis, no lecture. Tho faithful Uaedeker
was thrust into a side pocket. It was a
lovely April day. The sky had the azure
hue to which I was born, and tho earth
was tairstricd with wild llowcrs, blue and
yellow nnd purple. Their faces were nil
familiar, though I could not cull them by
mime, like the humun flowers I was nfter
ward to meet us I rode In from Mistra to
Spurta. Olympia must have been a gaunt
placo just after the ruins were laid bare,
but in that climate nature quickly heals
the wounds dealt by the spade, and I havo
been told that flowers unknown before to
tho region often put forth in wild profu
sion uftcr tho excavators have done their
work a happy omen for the lover of clas
sical antiquity. I was seated at tho foot of
Kronion, this side of the thorns which be
set tho hill as they Irset the text of Pindar
Kronion was bathed in sunlight, and I
was glad that I hud Interpreted Pindar's
words to incun "sunny Kronion," but it
was not jubilant gladness such as comes
to the classical woodpecker when he finds a
hollow spot in the oak of antlquo life. The
bliss of such a solitude is calm. u. l
Ollderslccve in Atlautlc.
Peculiarities of Sakhalin.
Curious facts have lately com to light
concerning the island of Sakhalin, which
lies off the eastern coast of Siberia. Cold
winds and sea currents circulate around
It, nnd their effect appears to bo to produce
on the island a reversal or the ordinary
course of nature respecting tho arrange
ment of temperature. Usually tho air is
warmest near sea level nnd coldest on
highlands and mountains, but in Sakhalin
tho coldest air Is found near the sea, nnd
there the plants aro of an Arctic character,
while in tho lofty Interior of the Island the
climate Is mild, and even subtropical
plants flourish on the heights Youth's
Not to Te Itepeated.
Godfrey It has always Ixtn a mytery
to mo how as good a man ns Mixwell ever
raised ns bad a loy cs that lorn ot hi?.
Scorjel I'd rather you would Pot qunf
me as authority, but I think he raised niu
oq outmcal. Chicago Trituuo.
A DOCTOR'S MESSENGERS.
How Due rii)lrian KaveB No End of Time
The elty physician's clientele, us a nil",
conitaetly locntid, but tho country
h)ieian practices over u largo extent of
erritory. He is quite likely to have two
latlcnts critically ill, half u dozen miles
part und each livlrg a liko distance from
he dnetor'K own home. Easily It will be
seen that paying daily calli nnd keeping
osti-d with sick tHTKons scattered about
like that become almost un impossibility.
These conditions confronted Dr. Charles
Lung of Meriden, N. Y., for many a
one year, and he cudgeled his brain to
some purpose In finding a way to help him
self. The homing pigeon solved the prob
lem. He has a regular pigeon service be
tween his pntlents und himself.
Tho doctor has found time to keep upon
medical torles, take good cure of his
patients and cultivate pigeons, all tnree
all. In the first place, the doctor sends to
each patient alnjut whoso condition he
wishes to be posted one or more of the
carrier pigeons. Somo ineniljer or tho
family bus blank? which must bo filled In
with detailed records of time, pulso, tem
perature und respiration. A blank filled,
it is inclosed in an aluminium capsule
made to clasp on the pigeon's leg I his
done, the bird is released and at once
speeds away to the home of the waiting
physician, nt the rate of a mile a minute.
In this way Dr. lying is enabled to Keep
thoroughly in touch w ith his patients nt a
distance, with ubout one-fifth the amount
of travel he would have to endure under
other circumstances. Not only that, but
he is really much better posted, because it
would often happen that he would Ut un
able to pay visits to all, and so perhaps
would miss peeing U6lck person at just the
time when ho wus most- needed. .Now he
can go away from home to visit patients and
feel sure that when he returns reports will
beuwuitlnc him from others. Should these
reports tell him that a call from him is an
absolute necessity, then he goes and tnat
is all there is of it.
It is the lest," says Dr. Lung, "when
establishing a loft of these feathered mes
sengers, to begin with a few pairs or breed
ers, which 6hould be kept confined to tho
loft, with an outside covered aviary if pos
slble, to give them access to the ground,
Tho piegeons, if allowed their liberty, aro
ant to lly away, no matter how long iney
have been in prison. Do not try to tram
the birds until they are 4 months old. Then
take them a mile or two from home In dif
ferent directions. Increase the distance
proportionately from 100 to 200 miles for
the birds in the first season's work. New
Great cities aro seldom pro-eminent for
anv particular line of manufactures. Their
industries are too largo and diversified for
nny one of them to show marked superior
ity over all tho rest. Now and then a great
industry of some city is taken irom it.
When shins were mado of wood, London
was the greatest shipbuilding center of
the world. Then iron ships camo Into use,
nnd London has lost her shipbuilding
trade, which has been transferred to the
Clyde, tho Tyne und the Wear, right ut
tho sources of iron und coal supplies.
The crent vessels in which most ocean
commerce is now carried havo severely af
fected the Interests of some ports. Cities
that once wire seaports are now inland, ns
far ns nny great amount of ocean trallio Is
concerned. Tho largest ships of commereo
could once sail up tho Avon to lJrlstol nnd
the Severn to Gloucester. Tho far larger
ships that now carry commerce cannot
reach these places, but are compelled to
stop nt Avonmouth and Card iff. Cargoes
were formerly landed nsfar up tho Thames
ns London Hridge, but steamers now have
to stop at tho docks, some miles below that
point. Dremen was once one of the world's
greatest commercial cities, but her water
front is now too shallow for deep sea ves
sels, nnd her port Is nt Drcmcrhaven, sev
oral miles below. Hamburg, accessible to
all classes of vessels, though 00 miles from
tho sea, has reaped tho benefit of Hrenien's
misfortune, which, however, has not I
prlved tho latter city of a largo carrying
Tho making of u town or city may some
times depend upon what seems at first a
trivial circumstance. Silk weaving is con
fined to towns where tho streams are par
ticularlv free from impurities. Some wa
ters arc letter than others for silk dyeing,
nnd this fact gives Leek, Kngland, its pre
eminence, for its waters nro umong the
best for dyeing purposes in Europe. Dur
ton-on-Trent is famous for its ales Its
superior water for brewing purposes Is its
sole advantage. Lhuutnuquan
Spontaneous Combustion of Charcoal.
It has been stated from time to time that
chnrcoul used in building refrigerating
chambers, on shore as well ns onboard ves
sels, has ignited spontaneously. Although
It is known thiit charcoal la liable, under
certain conditions, to take firo spontane
ously, there has lcn no direct evidence
thatit has ever done so In tliecnsesuiiegca.
nnd. with the obitct of settling the ques
tion, an inquiry Into the matter was some
time since undertaken. The facts brought
out bv this investigation uro that, though
frcsblv mado wood charcoal that is, char
coal which has not absorbed its moisture
and oxygen is liable to so called spontane
ous combustion, It is nevtr liable to rcig-
nlto after having Urn exposed to the air for
a day or two. It apj ears conclusive, irom
tests and cxpt riim nts made, that in any
nisi' if after u iiw r.uv l"o lire shows it
self tho charcoal maybe regarded s en
tlrelv free from liability to M.ontanrniw
rombustlon. 'lho suitv caused by the sup
rlriiiii ll.e ivl.itUm ol than m.l
used In l-ctriyiTi.i'.ng el.aii.it is may or.-e
nm ntlv be nr;.ii!t! i.s c:v:i::;i!!t'fs. an. I a
no direct cvidmce exists 1 i:s r but
igniud uniur stub in i;:.;ta:;i es it I-
ntiii'wl-.iit nf n i..nrv hi.w i.'.i.v :. ... t ti
should havearhen Nw t.rk Iilr
TaKir.g Tip fr Tip.
Walters, it mui.h. U tu i i.lt' ii.vs uct i.
money for tljs, i.s ono vvor.ld nnturaliv ex
pect, two or tl.i.c tuu.i'i.- r.i! 1 1 v ci i... i-
preferring to ( in t i.e I . t .r i.A K sit v Ui .1
different mni;m r
A west end wa ter rr.te 1 cii:tul out u
horsey look ing nan v. io l.:.d never vet
given an m'tlmee or toe rcsrnr.runb
farthing in money ifcprcfcmd to give
tho waiters t It m f.;r coming hcre races
lie was a well known bookmaker, or
something of that surt, and his tlis were
Invariably so succcshuI that tho majority
cf the waiters preferred them befort
money. One man who had supported the
customer's racing tip on every occasion
found himself somo k'M to tho good at tho
end of the season. Pearson's Weekly.
"Fino feathers," said tho philosophical
crow unto his mate "fine feathers make
flno hat trlmlmncs." Cincinnati En
THE CITY BAKERY.
NKLMON ex. MT1CANOKLL Prop's,
Front Htreet, Red J ticket.
Freth bread can be had at the following
Slaoes: Tamarack and Heel a itore-s, Ilennee
; Oo.'t, Uolman A Williams', Hed Jacket, and
nniayton'a Laurium, jrreto rruit ana oream
oake every baturda.
JOHN M. PEARSON,
Piano, Organ and Harmony
For the past Are veara teacher at the Albion
Colleite and conservatory of music.
Residence 010 fin nrirtln CHinnr Tntininm
and8tudlo.610 UiOCUia tJllbtil. LaUJlUlUi
mu T oVn T in Ann Uirtrnln WftnVn
1UC LttiC L1UUCU DlbfllC IfUlli).
For prompt and first-class work, write
or telephone orders. Delivered
and called for free.
Made to Order.
Branch office, '305 N. Fiftlustreet, Ked Jacket.
..RED . JACKET..
llANeventh Mret. Over teniar
ois' IlIarkNiiilth Nhop.
Mr. A. L. Brown has the only orlsrinal and
lespooslbln repair shop in Hed Jacket, the
HED JACKET BICYCLE VVUKK.H. Don't
make a mistake. Call and see us. We do
onto others at we wish to be e one by.
Telephone orders to MoClure s Livery.
Bee Hive Shoe Store
I I In-TfUnatp FnntuPA P
I UJ I U UCUU I UUIWUCU
Ladies and Gentlemen's
PATENT LEATHER SHOES
In Black and Tan, in the latest style
toes. Our stock Is complete in the
following lines of
COLORED -:- GOODS
Green, Purple, Ox Blood, Chocolate and
Lldbt Ian. fixty different styles of j
Oxfords to select from: AA to
EE In all sizes.
The only Mechanically Kn?h7J,efroc 7
Correct Wheel on Earth Kt'tL-.S.K
on the bearioff ttian tat
k rnk bangrrof anyotDM
'bicycle on tne market. ,
will be raid to the firat
pf rutin who ran demon
Urate that the above a
aertiorj is not a fact. No
cycle considered without
the consent of the maker.
1 Docs It i
SpMUl lUflll N. T'f tit
IRmtoI N. T . . . n
k)w Hiori. . ' i
JOHN J. ELLIS,
Every Woman Admires
a well dressed man. You can (tain ad
miration at little expense by giving ua
your order for this season's garments.
Trousers $3.50 and up
Suits $13.50 and up
(HaJe to Order).
uc the best of cloths and employ
only Journey men tailors.
HART & ODERNDORF,
Chicago's Leading Tailors.
Ve are represented in your town by
D HAS& CO.
Fifth ftfrrei. Hed Jacket.
n nn i.i.
I . 17 A
July, 70?ic bid; September, 68VaU