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tflE COPPER COUNTRY liYEN'IXG NEWS, CALUMET, THURSDAY UJiX 20, 18J3. Ifl THE REGULAR ARMY. The Difference Between Profes sional Soldiers and Volunteers, AS SEEN IX THE CAM? AT TAilFJL How Volutr CMMvr With Kr(lr Social lttilkNsa Im tfc Aruiy Th lfltr .N4 Krprv!' U of Oar Kural M Soil Aiubi llous or AttMrrir&u uia Cul m Ftnr la Inrrring th Army. There is nothing that the regular ar my oftkvrs talk about so much as tho regular army, Riys the Tami corre spomlent vi the New York Post. I do not ineau that they exalt it on all occa sions. Annv ollicers are for the inot part men of modesty as well ns courte 8y. uut tney oiteii spiK in a more or less impatient way of tho prejudices that prevail against a regular army and of tho unkind and suspicious things that are said about it, and thev like to tell you bow much better and more ef fectivelyand mercifully this war might have btH'n fought if wo had bad a reg ular army of 73.0O0 men at tho out break of hostilities instead of one of 28,000. I am not going to repeat any of their arguments, but I havo seen somo things in Tampa lately which have been, it seems to me, instructive on the main point whether we are to de pend in great crises on regulars or on volunteers. just now we nave something more than 1,000 volunteers encamped in a neighborhood where some 10,000 or 11,000 regulars are encamped. In many ways these volunteers are ridiculous in comparison with the regulars. They are younger, smaller, paler, weaker. They are undisciplined. Though they are mostly of a very good class of peo ple morauy, tney iurnishea more cases of drunkenness in a day than all the regulars had furnished in a week. That was not because they were as individ ual men more inclined to drunkenness. but because they were undisciplined youths suddenly turned out of their homes into a camp and felt themselves bound to do something rough and sol dierlika As soldiers they are simply not, man for man, one-half what the regulars are. But there is one point in which they are worth something more. Socially tho regular private soldier is nowhero at alL If he enters the big hotel where the headquarters of the army are and which is constantly full of officers, he enters it only as a messenger for an otti cer and must enter it hat in hand and go iy an inconspicuous way around to tho desk aud present bis message, and when ho has had his answer ho must go out m the same way. Tho private sol dier or ngncommisMoned ofiicer cannot eat at the kuuo public table with ofli- cers or drink at the same lar. Thi social distinction is not founded, it should be said, nri tho assertion of any difference of class, but on tho necessity ui discipline, aii additional circum stance of some interest is that tho girb of lampa are ahamed to le seen in the company of a regular private soldier. Now, wo who had been in Tampa for a couplo of weeks and had grown accus tomed to this state of things saw some thing of quite a different sort when the Florida volunteers arrived. Volunteer privates of Florida are seen at tho tables of tho Tampa Day hotel at dinner vis a-vis with gcneralsamd colonels of tho regular army. Thcro was a "hop" at tho hotel the other evening. Tho dan cers were made up almost entirely of offi cers of the army and of resident young women. In tho midst of all tho shoul der straps 1 saw a young soldier who had no shoulder straps. His uniform was not unlike that of a private of tho regular army, but it was easy to see that be belonged to the Florida militia. IT : ... ii "o wu" n private, iiui presently a young lady who was talking with an officer rushed up to him and shook his hand cordially. Then slio presented him ,u iuo oiucer. captain , tnis is Mr. . " The officer shook his hand and began talking in cordial fashion with tho younjf man. They met as so cial equals. If you mention this matter to regular officers and point out ho fact that they are thus meeting private soldiers on a plane of social equality, they say: "Oh, that doesn't make any difference. Thsy are volunteers." They are not responsi ble for the discipline of tho Florida militia. They suffer no loss of military caste on account of social intercourse with its privates. Their position is con sistent enough. A regular army could not bo made and kept good for much if the officers and soldiers were likely to meet anywhere on the same social plane. But in this fact there lies a question of considerable public consequence. It is a fact that is likely to keep tho ranks of the regular army tilled with men of a certain sort ami almost no other and prevent it from lieiug really representa tive of the American pcoplo. In view of tho claim that tho regular army is made up in large proportion of native Americans, it is a matter of in terest to ucto bore the fact that very often when you address any conversa tion to a private soldier he replies in English which is spoken with a foreign accent A great many spi-ak with a tier man accent and a gn at many more with an Irish accent A few are evidently Lughshmen. Many more have Irish names. I do not mean that they may not bo quito a. "good Americans" as any one elso. I am simply noting an ethnological orsfcial fact. In omo reg iments, however, such as the .Sixth cav alry, one finds a large proportion of American born soldiers, and the regi ments, it must be said, are beginning to draw more and more recruits from the stat in which they are stationed Nearly all of this clans are looking to a commission. Most of them an yotaigtr than the average of the regular aru:y Some of the old;r Americans confers that they have "made a failure In life" somehow or other and havo goue into the army as a sort of refuge. Niue- teuthi el the regular soldiers, when ask xlwhexv they come from, mention some city ear largo town. The great rural masses vf the population of tho United butes sevm to be ouly slenderly repre sented m the regular army. la fact, it is not at nil a represent: tive thing. The question may well bo asked whether it ever can bo, in view of ihv necessity of the maintenance of the social relations U tween officers and pri vates which 1 have mentioned. The or dmary white American is unwilling to accept a relation of conspicuous so cial inferiority for two reasons. On ami me lesser, is mat no lias been taught historically that such a relation must not exist in the United States be cause it is politically dangerous, and the other and greater reason is that the women for whom he most cares de spises him if he enters into it Tho nv erage American is never going to bo a regular soldier so long as the girls of the samo sort of people that ho Klongs to refuse to bo seen walking on the street with a regular soldier when they will freely walk with a volunteer pri vate. The social ambition and keen sen sitiveness of American women to social distinctions cut a figuro in this ques tion of the increase of the regular army which has never been taken sufficiently into account. Some other things that I soo here tend to convince mo that the volunteer serv ice is the real soldiering that Ameri cans think of and that a regular army can never be anything more than a thing apart from their lives and thoughts. The regular soldiers whose terms of of fice are expiring or likely to expiro dur iug this office are all anxious to go into the volunteers rather than to re-enlist No great number of them appears likely to bo able to get into the volunteer serv ice just now, but it has great attractions to them. So it has to all the young offl cers. They soem to be to a man auxions to get commissions in the volunteer army superior to the ones they now hold In the regular army. They all hope to return to the regulars after their possi ble volunteer service shall be over, and they do not hope to go back to it on terms much better than their present ones. Uut tho service appears real, in viting and stirring to them. Even they seem to recognize a sort of relation in the volunteer servico to tho vital activi ties of the nation which perhaps they ao not reel in the regulars. liut, with it all, certain prejudices that civilians may have felt against the regular army are likely to weaken when one has spent some time in contact with it If regular army officers are bound to keep tho privates in a certain place and not allow them to get above it, they are nevertheless very far from appearing to feel themselves a superior casta Disci pline, not degradation for tho soldier, is what they seek. Among themselves they are a very dennx-ratio body. They put on no "airs" at all. "Militarism" in the German senso they know nothing about. I believo thev aro incao iMn nf entertaining any notion of hostility to tho liberties of tho country. They cher ish u tradition that Grant and Sherman both informed President Johnson, when he sounded them as to whether the army could be relied on in ease of trouble be tween him and congress, that indeed it could be del uded on to take tho sido of congress. Tho old fashioned ideas of tho civil bases of things in tho United States are entertained by officers of tho regular army as iustinctively, I suppose, as they are by civilians. To get American officers who aro en tirely loyal to "American ideas" is per fectly easy, but to get American sol diers for a regular armythat is differ ent CLOSE VIEW OP CUBA. OBSERVATIONS OF A RECENT RES'. DENT OF THE ISLAND. Mr. Wilfrid 8kalfe'a Irrlptlou of Spain a 8oldlrs Farcical Xnture of the Kpaulsh Campaign Tho ilacrrllla and tho la larputi Spaniard' Ideas of America. Mr. Wilfrid Skaife, who has resided for many years in Cuba, has rcturmd to his home in Montreal, having left Ha vana on the last steamer before the blockade set in Mr. Lkaifj has been connected, in the po.itiou of ttvlmical expert with a large sugar estate operat ed by American capitalists and employ ing over a thousand men, in the district of Santa Clara. He knows tho Cukins, understands the io!itk'al situation and is able to throw much liht oil tho pres cut situation in tho island. Speaking of the resistance the Americans are likely to meet on landing. Mr. Skaife said : "What must be understood is that tho Spanish soldier is a bravo man, who will stand up aud bo shot without Hatch ing, and who will die in his tracks without ever asking the wherefora Ho has, moreover, a modern weapon in his hands, but ho does not know how to firo it There aro still large numbers of Spanish soldiers who fire with tho breech of tho gun in the hollow of tho arm. Tho Spanish soldier is not drilled. He sits idle he has sat idly for years around tho little forts which the Span ish authorities have built in every place all over the island which they have oo cupied. His officers are, for tho most part, utterly indifferent as to his condi tion as a fighting machine. He dawdles about; ho knows nothing of military science. Tho officers are lazy and in competent, for the most part, exerting no initiative, caring for nothing, killing the tima Then, again, the Spanish army in Cuba has little or no artillery. W hat the Americans will have to face will be a numerous, brave, but undisci plined body of men who will simply be mowed down by the machine guns. They will stand, they will be killed. but they will be overwhelmed by small force led by an euergetio com inander. small body of cavalry, properly led, would at any time during the las three years have swept tho insurgents out of existence. But tho idea of those who wero in supremo control was not to put tho rebellion down, but to keep it going in order that they might make a fortune out of the business. Tho Span soldier was ready to fight all the GIRL GIVES A FLAG. ish A New Thing From Spain. Walking Spanish has long been a classic art, but it has been entirely eclipsed, in the evolutions of Spain's fleet, by tho art of sailing Spanish. Louisvillo Courier-Journal. Oar Ilattlecry the Sunken Malue. At the dinner given tho other night by the Washington Light Infantry Vet erans association one of the ftuitnrca nf tho occasion was tho reading of tho fol lowing poem, dedicated to Captain Charles D. Sigsbee: When tho mimlce of hut tie curling Hiilm Old Glory 'a wide unfurling, Wh-n the sheila our guns ore hurling, Bcldiem, think on "murdered Maine." When the foe U drawing nearer, Let rour aim bo but the clearer. Htnke her ithipB and do not fear her Aa you think on "murdered Maine." With the nhortu of Cuba loomlnir On your MiKht, let then the booming Of your gun tell Hpnin' undoing As you think on "murdered Maine." When you land where desolation Lonx huth tried to rruHh a nation. Young, 'tu true, but Tet whose station Hoon will come. "liomeinUr Maine I" Btrike for tlx we whoxe needs are pressing: Earning fioni mh heart a LlfMKiiiif As you strike fur "murdered Maine." Bee yon Cutuin maiden dring, atnly rrom aail:intn flying. Even to the deuth defvina Thoe umd brute who "sunk our Maine." H-e the little children pleading tor the rKxl they long are needintr. Kee tlione brutCM their cnea unheeding. noru. avenge iiieni anu our Maine Oh, once more the per feet fusion Of tho blue and gray in union Can but m-nd a quick eonfuMon To the cura who 'nunk our Muinel" Blue and gray, all feuda fornakina. Htnke forttume whone heart are breaking. When Havana' wail are tthuklng. Cry aloud. "Itemember Maine I" Ood of battlea, help our nation, Keep our neartna rrom desolation. Illett each patriot at hi station. rignting ror our "sunken Maine." Blue and gray, aria! Defmd her. For our flag will ne'er surrender. And McKinley now will render Vengeance for our "sunken Maine." History page shall tell the story now Ainonia wun glory KalMd ber flag, unhurt, though O'er the fort that "sunk our Maine." u. ueeu Berrien In Washington Poai. time. Hut ho was not allowed to move, or if ho moved at all this was the way of it: The Spanish got word that there was a bund of insurgents in such placo. A column of troops, numbering perhaps 1,000 or 2,000, would bo put in motion. There was no provision for more than tho day s march. Tho insur gents would Ui reached, they would be engaged, they would retire. Tho troops would hot fire to tho hospital wo knew what was done with tho wounded, but wo did not say much about it and then they would return to tho little fort thev had left. When they were gone, the insurgents would reapiear in tho mime placo. Understand, this was all on foot. Had there at any time during tho past three years been a strong cavalry force, well led, it would havo only been neces sary to say to tho officer in command, Jiring in Gomez, and Gomez would havo been brought in. Tho wholo busi uess was simply farcical. Tho country, as I havo said, was studded with littlo forts, and into these forts wero put small garrisons, and here tho troops remained and nothing was done. Of course there were always tho guerrillas, and they wero tho choicest scoundrels on tho top of tho earth. Tho guerrillas are comixjsed of negroes, Cu b;uis aud natives of tho Canary islands. They aro tho scum of Cuba, Under the direction of tho Spaniards they were formed into roving bands to cut of? tho insurgents and generally to ravage tho country. Tho latter part of their duty they carried out in tho most effectual manner. They have simply galloped about, murdering all they could meet with. They set firo to tho houses of in uoceut jieoplo. They murdered tho inno cent pcoplo themselves if they made the least resistance. They ravaged tho coun try. "At the same time there is littlo to choose between the insurgents and the guerrillas. The former blow up trains, 6et fire to tobacco and sugar plantations, use dynamite which had been sent by the junta in New York for the most diabolical purposes. Indeed, upon the estate with which I was connected it was found necessary to organize a regiment of soldiers to protect alike the property and tho men from the violence of tho insurgents. It was a favorite pas time of the latter to come upon pence able Chinamen working upon the estates and murder them. They cut the heads off ten Chinamen in this manner to my own kuowhlge. This was done to make tho situation appear desperate to prove that so long as tho Spaniards remained in power there would be nothing but anarchy upon tho island. " As for the Cubans themselves, Mr. fckaife said that they almost to a man sympathize with the insurgents, of whom, at the present moment, not more than 5, 000 could take the field. "Tho Cubans me a iteaecable people, hardworking, industrious. They desiro to bo allowed to live in peace. They have U en ground to the earth by mixrule. Innumerable fortunes havo been mado out of them. "Tho Spaniards have tho most ridicu lous ideas of the United States. " roil tinned Mr. Skaife. "Lvtn oncers of tho army think that the 45 states of the Union set forth ripx;n the map mean so many parishes, and that tho United States anuy consists of 2.", 000 mm, which is all they can put into the field. Even np to the day of tho congressional resolutions, there was no thought rf war. 'IIow will the Americans fight?' it was scornfully asked." New York Post Obto'i First Iteglm-nt Promises Never to Iteturu Without It. It was a crowd cf weary wan faced men and women that gathered at the little dept.t on Eighth street in Cincin nati the other morning. Tho majority of tiieni had Urn up all night, waiting for a glimpso of loved ones on their way to the front in the rin t regiment. Standing on tho depot platform vrns a little girl w ith a beautiful Hag. f he was May Eva Arey. and, with her moth er, Mrs. Holy Arey, aud Mr.s. Mi.ry inhliti. she h;:d loon up all i:i;;Lt waiting lor uio regiment to eomo through in r.rder to present tho flag to) Colonel .it At last the train arrived. and when Colonel Hunt camo out on the platform bf the lulliuau sLh-iht she stepkMl up, tayiug: "Colonel, wo want to present this fla.'i to the Firsf regiment." The stem old soldier was completely surprised, and a glow of pleasure eaaie to his sunburned countenance. Grasp ing the silken banner, ho held it while he said: ".My girl, I appreciate this moro than I can tell you. It gives moro pleasure to receive this flag from your hands than if it came from tho chamber of com merce or any other organization. It shall stay with tho regiment always. and I assure you that tho First regi ment will not como back without it" At this point tho colonel ceased speak ing to conceal his emotion. Later he said: "Either we'll bring that flag back or we won t come back. " Exchange nr ISLLJJS wm ..SUBSCRIBE THE m .. me .. n popper (Country Evening fews And Keeo Posted On The War Events As They Happen. MS DUTY OF A SOLDIER. General Wheeler (ilres Ilia Idea of It In an Interview. General Wheeler arrived at Chicka- mauga a few days ago, and in an inter view indicated some of the military characteristics which won him rocog' nition in tho civil war. upon receiving his commission at Washington ho was instructed to come direct to Chickamanga and report to .Major General lirooke for duty. Gener al Wheeler did not even wait to get his uniform, but packed his valise and started on his journey. He said to a reporter: "I was instruct ed to report to General Brooke immedi ately and left Washington on the first train. I have no idea as to my assign ment General Erooko will look after that J don't know whether I will go to Cuba or not During my wholo mili tary career I never asked for an order or objected to an order, nor havo I asked a moment's delay in obeying an order. General Brooko is now my commander, and every eJort of mino .will bo to promptly and strictly comply with his orders aud to mako my command effi cient. "I tako it this way, that the govern ment knows all of tho facts, and tho soldiers have nothiug to do save carry out the policy of the administration and obey promptly tho orders of tho com maudcrs. As yet I havo received no in timation about going to Cuba. I r.m ready to go wherever my commander may direct. "New York World. a as TERMS 50 Cents Per Month or $5.00 Per Year. 515 HSLL RiWra CO FORI m m I II : HE r7i : n 0 H : ii 0 H ;; EJlsi Over 2,000,000 Gallons Used. A Six-Year Old Child Can Do It -WITH- EARTHQUAKE THE MIGHTY DOLLAR. A French Appeal to France Not to !lnrt Itself For the Sake of Bpain. Whilo it is very truo that France's sympathy with Spain in her quarrel with tho aukees is most natural nud most proper, still its expression should bo k'pt within prudent limits, and it should not be allowed to como between the Parisian tradesman and tho Amer ican dollar. It is for somo of our good Parisian journals and also for those of Marseilles to bear this in niindbcforoitis too late. and by a tew finely turned phrases con cerning tho friendship between Wash ington and Lafayette recall tho excited lankees to a remembranco of their great obligation to Franco. Petit Journal. Why have a dirty faded-out Carpet, when a few cents will make them look like new! No Cost, No Labor. No Time. ilBMOVKS ink KO'ttS. irrH.MA Mtinta MOil nil afnlna tKn' f ,4 l I . . . " . .... -."'- unv iuai mur uui IUC CUlUr onnga out tne natural colors like brand nw. donna rfnth 1.1 I Sir a a mKas rtA 'rial and you will never h without it. a.u,. vu 3DIK.EOTIOKTS- Do not use a scraper Mioh'gan Self Renovating Co., l UpdKrove, Uen. ept. Ia7se Woodward Ave. Detroit, Jllrh rnee, 60c per gal., 3 gals. $1. Sold by OWEN SHERIDAN, Calumet. Fifth Street. Michigan. 'lM-t f.o boiling Dolot. Dulr whib hot - with ntt ior wipe up, as it will evauonit. Do not use broom brush. Cheap Insurance Illustrated. A Look Way. The father of Adjutant General Cor- bin is still living in tho old family homestead in Ohio. Although over 80 years of ago, he manages tho farm upon which tho general spent his boyhood and where he stopped hoeing corn to enlist ns a private soldier at the out. break of the rebellion. When tho old gentleman heard that his son had been appointed adjutant general, . he was much pleased, and taking his pen in his feeble hand wrote his congratulations. Dear Henry." ho began, "it's a long ways from a hill of corn to adjutant general of the United States." Wash ington Cor. Chicago Record. An Incentive For the Admirals. If Sampson and Schley permit that Spanish squadron to escape, there will uover be any streets or babies named after them. Kansas City Journal. Co ban Engagements. There won't bo many summer clrls along tho Cuban shores, and yet there will bo many engagements. New York Tribune. The Brave at Dome. The maid who binds her warrior's nah vltli smile that well her psin dissembles, The while beneath her drooping lash One starry teardrop hangs and trembles. Though heaven alone records the tear, And fame shall never know her atorj, Der heart has khed a drop as dear As e'er bedewed the fltld of glory I The wife who girda her huaband'a aword Mid little one who weep or wonder And bravely spcttke cheering word What thouKh her heart be rent aHunder, Doomed nightly In her dreams to hear The txjlts of death around him rattle, Hath shed aa sacred blood aa e'er Was poured upon the field of battle! The mother who conceals her grief While to her brnat her son she prensea, Then breathes a few brave words and brief, Kiwiin the patriot brow ahe bleaaca. With no on but her aeoret Uod To know the pain that weighs upon ber, fined, holy blood as e'er the sod Iteoelved on freedom's field of honor! -Thomas Ducbanan Read la New York Tribune. POL CY NO. 36 or2000ontbelifco! Henry C. T d, Esq., was lBO bth. Rt nee 26' ftDDOal premium fluo 50 by the Penn Mutual Life Insurance Company of Philadelphia. n!lf?JJ?!. i18J)7) Gf. 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