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THE COPPER COCMfH EVEN IX 3 NEWS, CALCMET, WEDNESDAY, JCLY 20. 1693. SAMPSON AID SCHLEY And How Tliey Sat the Spanish Cape Verde Fleet, iTle Daring Dash For Liberty oi Admiral . Ceryera and lis Finish at the Bottom 1 7 oi the Sea OH Santiago. What a glorious naval victory 1 What a memorable Fourth cf July ! Santi ago is written in history vrith Manila and Trafalgar. American bravery and American genius are the admiration of tho world. And tho Spaniard: I They cannot shoot, tut how heroically they can die I The keenest American strategists never dreamed that tho dashing Spanish admiral Cen tra, would do such a daring thing. Had he succeeded the world would have worshiped him, tut ho failed. His magnificent fleet is annihilated, and ho is himself a prisoner cf war. Cervera's squadron was made up cf four armored cruisers, three torpodfl boat destroyers and several other vessels when ho left Spain. Tho most formi dable vessels wero the four armored cruisers, fine examples of the armored crxi cr type. They were the Almiranto Oquendo, tho Infanta Maria Teresa, the Viz- track- N alle 3IAN. Kill Sli Dl. The Californil up by a mur 1 YVV,455.. yur u - 8 ; :v ACTING REAR ADMIRAL, WILLIAM T. SAMPSON. caya and tho Cristobal Colon. The first tbreo were sister ships, built at Bilbao Spain, and launched in 1690 and 1891. Their cost was given as $3,000 000 each. ' These cruisers were 7,000 ton ship, somewhat larger than tho battleship Maine. Their war line length was 310 feet, beam Co feet, maximum draft 21 feet 0 inches, indicated horsepower 13,000 and speed 20 knots. This speed they attained in their trial speeds, but when inefficient Spanish engineers took now of them they could not develop any such speed as this. Their normal coal supply was 12,000 tons and their complement 500 men each. Heavy armoi protected the machinery of the cruisers. They had steel wa ter line belts 315 feet long, 5 fret broad and from 10 to 12 inches thick The two turrets on each ship were constructed cf 0 inch steel. Tho gun portions of THE ARMORED CRUISER ALMIRANTE OQUENDO. the broadside guns were protected by. armor 10 inches thick, and tho deck plating was three inches thick. In armor these ships wero far superior to our armored cruisers New York and Brooklyn. Tho Brooklyn's thickest belt armor is seven inches thick, and on tho gun positions the thickest is eight inches. u tn cf cfmscrs carried heavy armaments. In turrets, forward and aft, E?S iPT0?twl U.inch "oadinff rifles. In addition each mounted ten inch guns. The Oquendo and Maria Teresa fit,' inch guns were Hon toria guns, tat the Vizcaya had rapid fire guns., Each fhip curried a number of Email guns arid was (equipped with six torpedo tubes. Spain had trouble in buying torpeooes before tho war opened the country has no facilities for mak tog torpeds-and it is doubtful if tho ships in Santiago do Cuba harbor were adequately equipped with torpedoes. The Cristobal Colon was one of tho newest ships iu tho Spanish navy. She :ti vn '('l.'V'v.v v,..m! Mkti.iiinilli- " :'.' ills i ' t-. r l rr . .jm gjfi THE ARMORED CRUISER VIZCAYA. was built at Setvi Potente by the Italian goversicnS and launched in 1W3,' Her name was then tho Giuseppe Garibaldi II, replacing a previous ship fej that name. Spain j aid several million dollars for her and named her the Cri total Colon, in im-mory of tho cruiser by that name, lost near Capo San Ar tonio, Cula, in Ov-toU-r, 193. Sho was a (5,bl0 ton ship, feet on the wate lino, 59 fevt 8 incbis Iwm and 21 feet draft. Her indicated horsepower wa 14,000, her trhil sivt J 20 knots, maximum coal supply 1,000 tons, and complt xuent -loO men. The Crist'. l al Cilon'o anrainent consisted cf two 10 inch turretod guns, ten G inch ra;id i 10 tr.:j.; and six 4 7 inch, ten 2.2 inch, ten 1.4 inch and two machine guns. S':o carried four torp lo tuU-s. Her armor consistetl of ft six inch wuUr It- u U ir, six inches on the gun positions and a 1 'j inch deck. The heavy crmoi :m of Laiveyjr.ed stet l. The torjHHlu l-at d stnyeis wero fine Clydebank boats tho Furor aid Terror, launched in lci 'J, mid tho I'luton, launched last year. Tho first tvo were capable cf devdv.j.in thu remarkable spi-cd of 2S knots an hour, and the Platon was endited with o0 kn-ts. Xo tits in tho American navy now ia commissiuu apprnaehed them in sj'ced. Tho Furor's and Terror's principal di mensions were: Length, 220 feet; beam, 22 feet; draft, 5.0 feet; displacement, 30 tons; coal capacity, 100 tons; complement, G7 men; armament, two 12 pounders, two G launders and two I jouuders. The Tluton was a larger boat, registering 400 tons and having an indicated horsepower of 7,500, 1,500 great er than tho ethers. Tho story cf the fight is history already, but it will bear retelling. Ad miral Sampson, on the flagship New York, had gone toSiboney for a conference with General Shaffer, and the whole American squadron were wondering how they could get at the Spanish fleet, when the lookouts wero astonished by the appearance of groat clouds of smoke at the mouth cf the harbor. In the ab- iter 1 5 wojwrrsv LIEUT. COM. ItlCII'D WAIN WRIGHT. Gloucester. CAPT. F. J. IIIGGINSON. Massachusetts. 5T ... A W 11 Mill? SIS ill I'MW CArT. F. E. CIIADWICK. New Tork. CAPT. JOHN PHILIP. Texas. CAPT. II. C. TAYLOR, Indiana. CAPT. F. A. COOK. Brooklyn. CAPT. C. K. CLARK. Oregon. CAPT. R. D. EVANS. Iowa. senco of Admiral Sampson, Commodore Schley, from the Brooklyn, ordered th 'American warships to rush inshore. In a few moments it was seen that th vessel emitting such great clouds of smoke was the Cristobal Colon, Admiral Cervera's flagship. Sho had passod the wreck of thoMerrimao and was making for the sea '.t full speed. Beforo Commodore Schley and his men could recover from their Burptisr other clouds cf smoke came into view beyond the Cristobal Colon. With a rush fully equal to that of tho Spanish flagship the Almiranto Oquendo came throb bing towWd tho open sea. Behind her came the Vizcaya, also at full speed, while the rear was brought up by tho Infanta Maria Teresa and the two tor pedo boat destroyers, tho Furor and the Pluton. Immediately after leaving the harbor the armored vessels turned westward and procewled at a high rate of speed, while the torpedo boats made straight for tho Brooklyn, Commodore Schley's flagship. The Spaniards had hardly left the harbor before a heavy fire was opened upon them and several of the Ameri cans started in pursuit. As the torpedo boat destroyers started for tho Brooklyn tho converted yacht Gloucester formerly tho Corsair, owned by J. P. Morgan commanded by Lieu tenant Commander Wainwright, which was lying closo by, started for the two dreaded boats, firing ns sho advanced. Theso vessels, in which Spain had placed such reliance b-causo of their speed and supposed fighting qualities were even less aggressive looking now than the cruisers. They held a course further ashore and usteni of the cruisers and put tho latter between them and the Yankoo ships as much as possible. Meanwhile the Texas, Iowa, Oregon, Indiana and Brooklyn were in hot pursuit of the big Spanish ships. The Vizcaya and Infanta MariS Te sa Twe hit repeatedly, but continued to fire and run. COMMODORE WINFIELD SCOTT SCHLEY. In a shcrt time tho Almiranto Oquendo, instead of holding her courso, puj her helm up and headed ia for tho beach, her commander having nppareath concluded that it was impossible for him to escape, and that ho would destroy his vessel beforo letting tho Americans capture her. Sho was run ashore at s point about eight miles west cf Santiago. Almost immediately tho Infanta Maria Teresa followed tho Almirant Oquendo, going ashore scarcely a quarter of a milo from whero tho latter took the beach. Shortly after they went ashore fire started on them, and Boon they were wrapped in flames. In tho meantime their crews bad got ashoro. The Vizcaya kept on for two miles farther and than she, too, started for the shore. Almost as soon ns sho grounded there was a terrifio explosion aboard of her, her commander evidently having determined to blow her up to prevent her boing captured by the Americans. Tho Americans now devoted all their attention to the Cristobal Colon, which, apparently uninjured by the American fire, steamed ahead of all the Americans that wero in pursuit of her, with tho exception of the Gloucester, j The latter vessel meanwhile had unaided destroyed both tho Pluton ana Furor. Of the 60 men who were on the Pluton 20 of them escaped ashoro and THE TORPEDO BOAT DESTROYER FUROR. later were taken prisoners. Lieutenant Wood, in a small boat, rescued 6ix mer from tho Furor and captured her colors. Tho pursuit of the Cristobal Colon was kept up until about 3 o'clock ia the afternoon. She was the fastest vessel of tho Spanish squadron and would prob, ably have escappd if it had been a question of speed alone, but her pursueri were constantly pounding her with solid shot and shell, and she finally gavj up in despair tho attempt to get away. She was grounded at a pfcint some GC miles west of Santiago. Sho was tho only one of the Spanish vessels that low ered her colors, which sho did as she went ashoro. During tho wholo engagement the firing was very heavy. Tho firing by thq Spanish vessels was very poor, and none of the American ships was injured. One man aboard the Brooklyn was killed by an exploding Eholl. About 1,800 prisoners wero captured along the beach, including Ad miral Cervera and tho members of his staff. Ho and his captains woro taken on board tho Gloucester in a small boat. Tho wounded prisoners were also takcii aboard the Gloucester. Tho slaughter on tho torpedo boat destroyers had beeri frightful. As Admiral Cervera reached the Gloucester Lieutenant Commander Wain Wright shook his hand and congratulated him upon having mado a most gal THE ARMORED CRUISER INFANTA MARIA TERESA. M?t? Sf ' J10 hIs Privat0 cabin afc tho admiral's disposal, and he and ill lrtf r0' Whl10 Wainwright was talking to the biatcn admiral 11 r Pt The crew of the Gloucester dressed tho wounds of tho SpaJ iards and procured food for thorn. They were all half starved. mndiS0Hmi?tJTrheMof thia th0 naval battloc S mTv '7aS, Lieut,ena?t Commander Richard Wainwright, in command n flT6"' f,rly the Corsair- t110 notC(J yat ot J. Pierpont Morgan ?1 S?lyT ged th Cntire SPish fleet and with invincibbadetermma until hi w , th,0S Bea, ST0 th0 torpedo destroyers Furor and Pluton, that vengeance, and it has been religiously kept. tho iwSn aw "fn. Richard Wainwright, who died at "T I TUB ARMORED CRUISER CRISTOBAL COLON.