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THE lON'EU CJCNTar ISTEINJ NEWS, C1LCJJET, WSD.E3DAi; JOLT 27. 1893.
OUR NEW YORK LETTER WHAT RESIDENT CUBANS THINK OF GENERAL GARCIA'S ATTITUDE. They Still Revere lllut aa a Patriot and Honor 111 in as a Urare Mau, but They Believe lie llaa Made the Greatest M It take of 111 Entire Life. New York, July 6. Special. It would be 'drawing It mild" to say tht the Cubans of this town who have been furnishing the sinews of war to the insur gents for years are ajar hast ufc the defection of Garcia from the alliance with the Unit ed States forces which resulted in the downfall )f Santiago. 4'N .matter what General Garcia may do," said a well to do Cuban whose purse has been open to every call for funds from tho junta, "wo thall alwuys respect and revere him as a patriot and honor him for his bravery. But wo must admit that in breaking with General Shafter he has made a stupendous mistake, no matter how real the slight he fancies ho has re ceived apiears to him. I will go further and say that even if Shafter has failed to treat Garcia and hi men with perfect fair ness and courtesy Garcia still has made a great blunder. I am not in a position to say just what action tho New York Cu bans will tuko in tho premises, but It is very certain that tho Cuban generals in the field will be fully informed of the feel ing hero and that the United States and not Garcia will be supported by us. "It would bo madness for us to take other action. It would bo m;ulncs for General Gomez and other chiefs In tho field to support Garcia. That would delay tho very thing for which they and their men have been fighting and for which we have been giving up our money so many years. Every Cuban who knows anything of tho situation knows that Spain never could have been driven out of Cuba with out tho help of tho United States. Garcia himself has admitted privately over and over again that unless the Unltd States took a hand tho Cuban causo must ulti mately fail. It would be possible for tho Cubans to keep up tho fight for an indefi nite period, but not an endless one. The time must have como when the Cuban fighting men would bo virtually wiped out by tho process of extermination, and then tho Cuban causo would drop out of sight, at least until a new generation of fighting men had grown up. Willing to Trust Uncle Sam. "It may lo that there are some Cubans in New York who hold other views than those I have expressed, but they are not true friends of Cuba. Tbey are jolitlcal 6elf seekers, and they will not be supiiort ed by tho mass of tho Cuban community nere. f "Wo know very well that tho Insurgents are not fit to take up tho reins of govern ment now. We have exix-cted that tho United States would extend its protecting care over tho island until its inhabitants could be fit to take care of themselves. Shaking for myself, I will say that I nev er 6hould havo contributed as I havo had I not been confident that your government I may say our government perhaps, for I am a naturalized American citizen would not only help do the fighting, but also help start us on the road to the estab lishment of froo Institutions. "Speaking for myself again though I know tho majority of educated, thought ful Cubans agree with me I will say further that I have never expected the in dependence of Cuba to come until some time after the close of tho war, and I have never been certain thannaepenacncels me nest tning alter all. "It has been my notion that the post beium admlnstratlon of Cuba's Affairs would bo under the military authorities or tne Lnltoxl States, that under such an administration all residents, of every raco native Cubans, Spaniards, Germans r.ngllbhmen, Americans would have equal opportunities to attend to whatever affairs they decided to turn their hands to, tho same as here, that under such con ditions the natural resources of the island would Ik? deveioied as they had never been developed before, that the local govern ment of cities would bo carried on as here according to tho wishes of the majority, and that representative government of tho entire island would bo gradually intro duced. "In time under these conditions I have expechxl that the ieoploof Cuba would bo afforded the opportunity of choosing for themselves just what form of government and just what degree of independence they prefer, and I havo always believed the chances much in favor of annexation to the United States, perhaps ' as a territory first, but eventually, when the jooplo aro oil ready for it, as a state. And, in any event, I havo been ready and willing to trust Uncle Sam implicitly. Cuba's Only Salvation. "Some such programme as I havo out lined is Cuba's only salvation. In rresent conditions Culm as an independent state would bo an oiera bouffe commonwealth, fit only to bo placed in the samo class as Haiti, where it is a misdemeanor to kill a pig in any town, since, there being no sewers, the pigs must act as scavengers, and without them the whole island would soon become ono vast pesthouso. "With independence thrust upon the Cubans, all unprepared for self govern ment as tbey are, tho island would soon lapse into a state of anarchy beside which its condition under Spanish rulo, outrage ous as it has been, would bo a model of orderliness and good government. Cap ital would not inve&t, railroads would not be built, mines would not bo opened, trado would not bo develojed.' Worse yet, brig andago would flourish and crime would run rampant. "I hope you will not misunderstand me. I do not mean to carry the idea that no Cubans are capablo of taking up tho re sponsibilities of citizens living in a repub lic. There aro, in fact, many Cubans per fectly competent to assumo tho rights of citizenship, but tho projortion not so com petent is quite largo enough to frustrate the efforts of the sauo and tho level headed. "But notwithstanding all I havo said I wish to add that tho attitude of General Garcia's soldiers does not surpriso me. They havo fought long and hard ; they have bled and starvod for Cuba; they have been plundered by tho Spaniards; they aro Ignorant ; many of them havo leen virtu ally brigands all their lives. What is more natural than that they should exiect tho privilege of plundering the Spaniards when they are down? But Garcia himself ought to know better." Talk with a dozen or more members of tho Cuban colony here shows that its sen timent is virtually unanimous, leaving out only the professional agitators. They probably supjxn-t Garcia, but their views aro so generally unpopular that I havo not yet been ablo to find one willing to affirm his faith. Dextei: Mai&iiall. .34' .S6Ti .24 U .20Bi .23 9.92 5.60 .3f.. .244 .20 .23 9.95 5.62V, 5.67U THE MARKETS. Chicago Grain and Produce. Chicago, July 25. tol l) . September .. .24i .3"jl3 December ... .34 .35 May .37 .SS Oats July 24U .24", September .. .20S .21 May L 23a .24 PorkV September .. 9.95 10.00 Lard September .. 5.62'i 5.624 October 5.65 Produce: Butter Extra creamery, 17 per lb; extra dairy, 15c; fresb packing: stock, 10$ji0c. Eggs Fresh stock, 11c per doz. Live Poultry Turkeys, 6fo8c per lb; chickens, 8c: spring. lOiillc: ducks, 6my2c. Pota toes New, $1.2301.50 per brl. Berries Raspberries, red, 60(ff75c per 24-pt case; black, 40(fr50c per 16-qt case. Black ber'. 40,O 55c per 16-qt case. ' Chicago Live Stock. Chicago, July 25. Hogs Estimated receipts for the day, S2.000; sales ranged at $2.90(3.95 for pigs. $3.7504.03 for light, $3.85(&3.90 for rough packing, $3.8304.10 for mixed, and $3,9554.15 for heavy packing and ship ping lots, cattle intimated receipts for the day, 14.500; quotations ranged at $5.205.55 choice to extra steers, $4. "3 5 (5.20 good to choice do., $4.5005.00 for fair to good. $4.1504.60 common to me dium do., $4.1004.45 butchers' steers. $4.2505.10 fed western steers, $3.6004.20 stockers, $4.0004.80 feeders. $2,5004.25 cows, $3.2004.85 heifers, $2.7004.25 bulls. oxen and stags, $2.60 04.70 Texas steera. and $4. o06.75 veal calves. Sheep and Lambs Estimated receipts for the day. 16,000; quotations ranged at $4.00 0 4.76 western?. $3.2505.0 natives, and $4.25$ 6.40 lambs. Kant liufl'alo Live Stock. East Buffalo, N. Y.. July 25. Dunning & Stevens, Live Stock Com mission Merchants, East Buffalo, N. Y., quote as follows: Cattle Beceipts, 165 cars; market active and steady for good fat stock; common butchers and half- fat steers, 10 to 15c lower; best steers, $5.00 0 5.25; fair to good fat, $4.4004.90; light to 1.200-tbs half fat. $4.1004.35; good to prime heifers. $4.2504.35; good to prime heifers". $4.250 4.60; light to fair. $3.5004.10; old to best fat cows, $2.25 0 4.00; stockers and feeders dull, generally 10 to 15c lower; bulk good stockers, $3.6004.00; yearlings 25c high er; bulls steady; fresh cows steady: veals, $4.500 5.85. Hogs Receipts, 78 cars; sale active and higher; Yorkers, $4.1O04.12H? few at close, $4.15; mixed. $4.12Vi4.15; mediums and heavy, $4,150) 4.mj; pigs, $4.05 0 4.12; roughs, $3.50 3.70. Sheep and Lambs Receipts, 20 cars on sale; market steady for sheep; lambs lower;bucky lots very dull: top lambs, $5.75 0 6.25; bulk sales, $3.25 05.75: bucky lambs, $4.5005.25; mixed sheep, $4.450 5.C5; culls to good, $2.7504.40; yearlings, $3.500 4.85. St. Lniiiit Grain. St. Louis, July 25. "Wheat Steady: No. 2 red cash eleva tor, 72c; track, 73 0 75c; July, 72c; Sep tember, 664c; December, 664c; No. 2 hard, 70071c. Corn Lower; No. 2 cash, and July, 33033c: September, 33c: December, 34 Vic. Oats Lower; No. 2 cash, 24V&c; track. 26 0 26VL-c; July, 23c; September, 2094c: No. 2 white, 29Vi30c. Rye Entirely nominal. Flaxseed Low er; 89c. Milwaukee Grain. Milwaukee, July 25. Wheat Lower; No. 1 northern, 89c; No. 2 northern, 88c; September, 69V&C Oats V40KC higher: 25Vi2SVie. Rye Steady; No. 1, 46046Vic. Barley Higher; No. 2, 45c; sample, 28 025c. THE SQUADRON THAT IS TO ATTACK SPANISH SEAPORTS. Tha rmicnii Vninn.l. ex.. 1 a I . . . , . - uaxulVi lu oaiuesnipsiowa ana Oregon, theauxiliary cruisers Yosemito Yml n ru- u 7 . . . . .7 1 ? j siuuus. vxanmoaoro vv arson's command ia tn hn -n. the eastern nquadrou. and its best all MSpiS thta speed of 109' knots. Her battery consists of 40 enns. so that h i ILllZ '306 WIth are of 12 inch caliber mounted in turrets, and there are eight 8 inch gunT pounders, six 1 sunders and four Catlings. The Iowa has snlandld .feet 6 inchss broad around hnr vital, t," T"v,riT "m.ttX"1"r ?lW5U' in 'Indiana and hn. in MZ:Z.JZlrr m"a V1 protection, ihe Urcgoa is a sister ship to the tFpVmw i i .u iCiUr 3 a .CI?"S13S Datuesmp by making tho long run from San Francisco lo er uauery is neavier than the Iowa's in thct her four hii? tnrrpf. mini nro rt 1 1 (nnd ..K'V , mi. . ' . o " o . w uwj I.UJ1UCX. iue nr.- , v...,.. juau vaiuun u worm s recora ns : Jiey est. Her battery is heavier than the 1 1.. -1L . 1 . tery m m omer respects similar to tho Tnwa'a nrA o 4 . r. .. . . Z" . " 7 400 miloa thn imna rr 'm . ' : ' ""V"M '""""w unuuat i khoh is pxaccu at o,5i70 miles as against Commodore Watson was the gallant young officer who lashed Admiral Tarrant to the riggtogTt MoWle Boy. TROOPS LANDING General Miles Supposed ?: Be in Porto Rico. CAMPAIGN TO BE VIGOROUS." Attack Upon the City of San Jr.-.r. i Will Be Made by Land and Sea. Ulg Itld for Tol Sloan. London. Judy 26. South African Mill ionaire Simons, who ia going in for racing heavily next season, intends to ronowing were tne quotations on the i get the best in the racing line, provided whitf Traoe t0daft, u r ' mon?y cnn Procure it. It is said here JuYybl:7...0S he haa Tod Sloan, the September .67t !c7B V.fiT' V77 American jockey, a retainer of $25,000 ... .67 U .67 Vi .CSVm .67 December for first call on his services. While the Troop Under General Miles Attack from tKe Rear Admiral SampHoii Will Ilomburrrrom the Sea An Army of 150,000 Men To lie tJsed lu the Capt ure of Havana The Attack Not To Ho Made Vnttl Fall. Washington, July 26. It is generally believed in official circles that the first I'orto Klco, expedition of about 5,000 effective men under General Miles, has arrived off the point of debarkation de cided upon on the coast of Porto Rico, and that the men are landing for the purpose of establishing a base for ac- wve operations against San Juan. The landing point selected is so far from San Juan that General Machias, the Spanish commander, will be unable to concentrate enough troops to make much of a resistance. With the assist ance of the naval convov the landlni? It is confidently expected, will be easily eneciea. unce established on rorto Rlcan soli, the Americans will never be driven away. The war department is hustling reinforcements to the front. The Plan of Campaign. ' From now on the campaign will be Vigorously .pushed and will end onlv when the Spaniards surrender the isl and. The plan of campaign will be much like that of the Santiago one. The troops will gradually close in and surround San Juan, while Admiral Sampson will invest the place from the sea. As far as can be learned here, the plans for the Porto Rican Invasion are as follows: First landing place Fajardo, east of San Juan, where Gen eral Miles is believed to be disembark ing the men. Second landing place, General Drooke, with General LIuveras of Porto Rico, will land his troooa at Guamin, on the south coast, marching mence to a junction with General Miles army at san Pledras, where the first big battle will probably be fought. Third landing place, Generals Wilson and Ernst are to land their troops at Barcelona, advancing toward San Juan, aiter ueneral Miles and Brooke have united their forces. good, and meanwhile their ores?nt rnn. dltion is no worse in this respect than was tneir condition before the sur render. The general makes n) mention of the alleged letter from Garcia to himself, nor does he speak of any fric tion between them, whence the depart ment has come to doubt the authen ticity of published stcrics on th se sub Jdcts. TO TAKi: HAVANA. General Ml! Will L d tl, Attack of the Cuban stronghold. Washington, Juh L'C ft Is not Im probable tllJt titer? Wl.l In n nrntp.M. ed lull after ti e ap.ure of I,rto R.co i-ea.r ncg n l , t o;is on the part of Spain win end decisive pa is now under ccnside;aticn by the I'nUcJ States government. The final strok of the war will bi deliveied a: a nt H i vana, but not for several months. It has been decided to wait until fall be fore attacking the Cuban Ftronghold in order to avoid endangering th health of our army. General Shafter and the Fifth corps will (ad the In vasion. As soon as the Spanish prisoners are well out of the way General Shafter with the whole Fifth corps, will be or dered back to the United States, per haps to Montauk Point. I,. I., or some such suitable place, where they will rest and recuperate, so as to be ready for the campaign against Havana General Miles will be commanriwj chief of the Havana campaign and will start in with two trained major gen erals in Generals Shater and Brooke Lee will follow with another division and Graham, with the Camp Alger troops and the 2,000 men left In Chirk. amauga. will help make up a grand to- Lieutenant Flacus Will Die. New York, July 26. All hope of the recovery of Lieutenant William M. Fis cus of the Second cavalry, who Is at Fort Wadsworth suffering from typhoid fever, has been abandoned. He was one of the six officers who came north from Santiago a week ago Saturdey. The lieutenant is finking gradually. His father, William W. Fiscus, formerly sheriff of Armstrong county, Pa., and his sister, Blanche Fiscus, M. D., of Tanna, are with him. The other five officers continue to Improve. Private O'Heavy of the Twenty-first Infantry is the most serious case in the marine hospital at Clifton. He is suffering from a bullet wound in the hip. The ninety- nine other patients are improving. Srovel Humiliated. Washington, July 26. Sylvester Sco vel, the newspaper correspondent who attempted to siap General Shafter in the face at Santiago, has been expelled from Santiago" province. In his report on the affair to Secretary Alger Gen eral Shafter ray3 that he did not d s re to dignify the occurrence by directing the trial of Scovel by court-martial, and had disposed of the matter by or dering the offender's expuls on. Corre spondents of the New York Journal have also been expelled -from Santiago for placarding the city with advertising posters which bore the inscription, "Remember the Maine." tal HOnsON'S PLANS A PPItOVKI). AMERICAN TROOPS AT SANTIAGO CONFRONTED BY AMERICAN BARB WIRE When the Cuban revolution t-ogan, one of Spain's heaviest purchases In tho United States was barb wire Thon fiandi and thousands of miles of it were purchased and used by General Wevler In making fh m!rnS;- i L i S dimcnlt When General B. t t toton tlgfi& iS- 1S dl8ma7' charg0 mu8t toade UtothSSSr YIELD THKIItvAUMS. Garrlon In Two Town it In Santiago Prov ince Surrender. Washington, July 20. The war de partment at midnight posted the fol lowing: "Santiago, via Haytl, July 24. 1808. Adjutant General of the Army, Wash ington: Lieutenant Miley has returned from San Luis and. Palma Soriano, where he went four days ago to re ceive eurrender of Spanish troops. The number surrendered was larger than uenerai lorai reported; 3,005 Spanish troops and 330 volunteer sruerrillan mv up their arm and gave paro!e and have gone to work; 3,000 stands of arms were turned In, loaded on ox carts and started to the railroad. Spanish troops accompanied him to San Luis and all were apparently greatly delighted at the proepects of returning home. They wej u me verge or starvation and I have to send them rations tomorrow. If the numbers keep up as they have there will be about 24,000 to ship away -nearly 12,000 here; 3,000 from San Luis 6,000 from Guantanamo and over 2 000 at Sagua and Baracoa. "SHAFTER, Maj. Gen. Com." General Shafter reported by cable that the condition of the troops at Santiago was rapidly improving, arid said he hoped in the course of a day or two to have them all located In com fortable camps, where they may rest and rtcuperate and where the sick may recover. He Is feeding H.ooo of the Spanish prlsmers cf war. and, although ?.enB - V i'cen ab!e to fum'hthem tents, th.H i!e-C'enpy Is being mad Work of ItalHlng the Colon Will He Com- menced at Unce. , Washington, July 26.-Lieutenanl Hobson came over from New York to Washington and had a long conference with Assistant Secretary Allen, Cap tain Bradford and several other offi cers of the navy department regarding the raising of the Spanish cruiser Cris tobal Colon. The lieutenant succeeded rt.lle in New York in arranging with the Merritt & Chapman Wrecking com pany for the execution of, the plans he had prepared for" savinc the vessels The wreckers have promised to get to gether the pontoons, air bags and com pressed air apparatus which will be re quired to lift and right the vessel, and expect to start this material for San tlago from New York on a fast vessel within three days. Lieutenant Hobson Is confident that if the work 'can be un dertaken before a cyclone sets in it will result successfully. Secretary Long said that the lieuten ant a pian for raising the Colon seemed entirely feasible to him (Long.) The proposed pian Involves methods and appliances outside of those usually em vivtw in wrecking. They necessitate the use of air' apparatus of various nmaa in righting and raising the ship ",ttl rareiy, ir ever, before have been used on vessels of the size and weight of the Colon, and although there Is some uouDt or lta success the navy de partment officials think the prize well worm me experiment T.Ai.n.n Hobson returned to New York and win go to Santlaeo to su Ing work. ILLINOIS HOTS IN THE HILLS. Health of the Tint Regiment Reported io lie Excellent. Santiago de Cuba. Julv 28. Colonel Jlenry L. Turner' regiment, the First Illinois, is now encamped on the hills two miles east of Santiago. The Chi cago boys are well fed and onmforrBM and their health ia the best of any regi ment on the Island. A strict quaran- . twenty-ne days, it is expected, will be enforced asralnat veiinw and all other forms of contagion? Lit- ue apprtnension is felt by the army or medical officers on account of th fe ver. W. L. Shepherd of th tVisfoi irraph Cable company, who is seriously ill with typhoid fever, has started for home on a hosnltal thtn nt,. "'cknesa lo the camp are considered by the surgeons to be of trivial mn... quence. HpaulNli Prisoner Dying. Portsmouth, N. H., July 26. There have been three deaths at the Spanish stockades during the past twenty-four hours, and nearly 200 men are on the sick list. Most of them, however, are improving rapidly. About twenty men are discharged daily from the hospital. The weather is very favorable for the work of the physicians. . The Spanish officers on parole are visitors to thl9 city dally. The officers are usually fol lowed by a crowd of curious and Inter ested people, many with camaras, but the men conduct themselves with the utmost propriety, and have created a good impression. Shafter Thanks His Men. Santiago, July 26. In his address of thanks to his army General Shafter re ports 2I!0 .soldiers killed and 1.2S4 wounded in the campaign in Cuba. The general, after brlelly, going over the events to date, says that all has been accomplished "through the heroic deeds of the army." He goes on to thank the officers and men "for their endurance of hardships heretofore unknown to the American army," and says that the ac complishments of the army "have been rivaled upon few occasions in the world's history." Hattle Story t'ntrue. Santiago de Cuba, July 26. The re port telegraphed from here of a battle between the Cubans, under Garcia, and Spaniards at Songo ia wholly false. There was no fight, ,nor was there a collision of any kind that could be called even a skirmish. A wealthy Spanish planter named Rousseau and other Influential Spanish land holders say the guerrillas and volunteers are ready to return to work. Prosperity, they say, will come with peace under the American flag. itoM on the Way. Key West, Fla., July 26. The moni tors Ampliitrlte, Puritan and Terror are well on the way to Porto Rico. The tug Uncas challenged them off Sagua le urande at 4 o'clock in the mornirur. sailing eastward in tow of the cruisers Cincinnati, Montgomery and the con verted cruiser Prairie. They were mak Ing efght knots an hour. They expect ed to pick up the battleships at Mole St. rsicnoias. Afore Troops for Porto IUco. Washington, July 26. The war de partment has decided to send the First Florida, Second Georala and Fifth Maryland reglnfenta now at Tamna to ono Jiico. Death of Well-Knotrn Physician. , rana, Ills.. July 26. rr. a enrftp W. Patton, aged C6 years, died here of sen ility. He was one of the oldest anS most widely known and successful prac titioners of the state, and prominent in Masonic circles. His wife and twe Children urvive him.