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WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 2V190J.
THE CALUMET NEWS. .I'HE CALUMET NKWS.iV4n,ltv of m .i.ppon r ma ciaims as mo pole , first discoverer. Founded 1830. Daily Except Sunday, ' Pub4iht1 By Tte MINING GAZETTE COMPANY AT CALUMET. MICHIGAN, W, YOUNGS W. M. IVON. BsincUiMitr TELE.PHONC3: Calumet. Puslneas Office 209 Editorial Rooms 4 HANCOCK OFFICE. Elks' Temple. Phone .312 HOUGHTON OFFICE. Post Offico Block.. Phone 13'i TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION j By Mail or Carrier. Tor year (in advance) $3.00 Per year (not In advance) COO Per month SO Single issu 03 We should think, the dutor would give up In despair, but the d.ctor Is a bravo It Is u noteworthy fact that the pa pers of lower Michigan . are paying more attention to the cumldacy of Mr. Ocborn at prevent than ,0 that of nny other utpirant for tin guberna torial nomination. Even the Detroit News has been giving eo.uinns to discussion of his announced polity In regard to mate affairs, ulllungh it Is nut specially friendly to him us a ran- nutate for the governorship. Many of IN.- papers In tho lower peninsula have eon, out Hijuarely for Mr. Osborn. while uitv W, ,l;u ,nC(1 lp f((r others on. th. aspirants are treating his can.lld.ny in a Kln.llv spirit. On the whole. Mn Osborn's campaign for tno nomination mj;is 0,H.m.d ,mltl auspiciously, and u this writing It b being pushed m.re Vgressivo4y than that of any one of hisu-ee ompt-ti-tors. Mining Journal. Right lawnrff NOT t. Complaints of Irregularity in deliv ery will receive prompt and thorough Investigation. Old subscribers wishing to change their addresse: must furnish old a3 well as new addresses in each instance. New subscriptions may bo ordered by telephone, mall or carrier, or in person at the company's office. Publication and Printing Office, 101 Fifth Street, Calumet, Michigan. Entered at the Post Office at Calumet, Michigan, as Second Class Mall Matter. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1903. Occasionally we read of a deer being shot. The Hose-Dickie debates will longer add to the gayety of the tion. no na- Anyway, Calumet teachers should bo thankful that they do not have to teach tomorrow. Details of the proposed Nicaragua- American war could bo told in o .small page of history. Hilly Sunday's income is said to be jr.O.OUO a year. That's bettor than playing ball for a dinky salary. Remember, last year you said would shop early In the future, you living up to your resolution? you Are Dr. Dickie Is described as "the man who plucked a R"se from the beer gardens of Milwaukee." However, Judging from the comments of said Rose, Dr. Dickie must have been pain fully pricked by the thorns. There Is said to be considerable "realism" in the new newspaper play. The Fourth Estate, presumably, then, the linotpes in the asl rut up the same cute capers that they do in the every day newspaper office. It seems Inevitable that the United States will have to establish toward Central America a relationship simi lar to that it now sustains toward Cuba. There has been quite as much delicacy and consideration shown tow ard the autonomous pretentions of thse little states as is necessary. Hu manity and civilization now dictate an effective program for establishing and maintaining order. Walter Wellman has been heard from at last. We read that he met Peary at a banquet the other evening and hailed him as the only man who ever touched the north pole. We note also that the high school students of Duluth have decided by debate that Peary Is the only real polar kid. Nevertheless, Dr. Cook Is going right ahead and tomor row will send a voluminous report, containing 50,000 words, to the Unl- WOMEN'S WOES. Calumet Women Are Finding Relief at Last. It does seem that women have more than a fair share of the aches and pains that afflict humanity; they must "keep up," must attend to duties in spite of constantly aching backs, or headaches, dizzy spells, bearing-down tains; they must frtoop over, when to utoop means torture. They must walk and bend and work with racking pains and many aches from kidney ills. Kidneys cause more suffering than any other organ of the body. Keep the kidneys well and health Is easily main, talned. Read of a remedy for kidneys only that helps and cures the kidneys and Is endorsed by people In this local ity. Mrs. Aug. Fylvander, 1916 Suram" St., Hancock. Mlch.snys:,. "To years ago when having Xro with my kid ncy. I n.)W Doan's Kidney Pills adver tised and procured a box. They re lieved me In a short time and I have taken them sinco for rheumatism In my limbs with the same good results. I always keep Doan's Kidney pills In the house, knowing them to be an ef fective kidney remedy." For sale by all dealers. Price 60 cents. roiter-Mllburn Co., buffalo. New York, sole agents for the United Stntee. . Remember the name Doan's and take no other. THE SPIRIT 0F"PRAYER IV dead : r prayer Is losing Its power over tht luarts and the minds of men. When they are In serious difficulty, when they face death, when they feci th weakness and hollow ness ' of material things and the strength and grandeur of the spirit, then they turn to Cod. who is "a very present help in tim of trouble." What could be more im presslve, comments tho Evening Wis consin. in all the pages of detail which the telegraph has brought concerning the awful mine disaster at Cherry than the statements which show that the imprisoned miners, differing wide ly as they did in nationality and . In denomination many of them no doubt nun who professed no religious alle giance were alike In this; that when they found themselves entombed, With all means of escape cut off by a rag ing fire, and with tho dangers of star vation and fufTocation by poisonous gases staring them in the face, they had recourse to prayer and to the singing of prayerful and soul-sustaining hymns. Walter Waite, the assistant superin tendent of the mine, and the man who led in the construction of the tem porary wall which shut out the flame and gas, knew the necessity of main taining courage, and suggested the of fering of prayer by the men before they began the work. The Scotchmen, the Lithuanians, the Italians, the Amer icans Joined in the supplication offer ed in simple language by McClelland: O God, we are In Thy hands. Let Thy will be done. If It Is thy will that we be delivered to our families once more, please help us now. From men kneeling In the darkness. filled with agonizing fears, there arose with the Intensity of literahicss the solemn words of tho "De Profundis": Out of the depths I have cried to thee, ( Lord. Lord hear my voice. Let Thy ears be attentive to tho voice of my supplication. Tin re was tho comforting melody and language of that beautiful mod ern hymn, "Abide With Me," which is a favorite with so many ITotestants of all denominations; Abide with me! Fast falls the even tide; Tho darkness deepens. Lord with nie abide. When other helpers fail and comforts flee, Help of the helpless, O, abide with nie! Swift to its close ebbs out life's little day, Earth's Joys grow dim; Its glories pass away, Change and decay In all around I sie, O, Thou Who ehangeth not, abide with me. Some prayed In slb nee. Two broth ers there were Italians It is said, who went close to the wall and pray ed a gnat deal. The praying helped. It kept some of these men alive. It kept others, perhaps from becoming distraught at the terror of their situ ation. It made tho slow hours pass faster. When the rescuers reached them, the Imprisoned men could not believe that they had been a whole week underground. The story of the Cherry mine disas ter will long be remembered as n signal instance of the power of prayer. MM Get at the bottom of the Baking Powder Question. Buy a cm of Calumet today. Tut it throuph the most rigi.l baking test that you know. If it does not fully come up to your standard; if the taking is not jubt ai Rood or bettcr lighter, more evenly raised, more delicious anj whole some, take it back to the grocer and pet your money. C Calumet is the ouli. strictly hih grade baking powder selling at a moderate cost. Don't accept a substitute. Insist upon Calumet and get it Baking i u Powder UNCLE SAM'S HUMAN MACHINES Received Highest Award World's Pure Food Exposition, Chicago, 1907. itim Will thev Receive Her ? aJJ.Jt''Ji n. ti"' "T'ytHH 111 JMaTI I I I I I. . " '.V -.1 , Vnau! U T ttLSl yV "Vm,fW nM,M -J kv,M 1 1 ii L c .. . . v w . :j;.e-f "THIS DATE IN HISTORY." 1 G 42 Tasmnnia discovered by Tas man and named by him Van Diemen's Land. 1700 Philip V. proclaimed king of Spain at Madrid. 1738 French abandoned Fort Dn quesne at the approach of the I'.rltlsh. 1778 On. James Screven, one. of tho foremost Revolutionary soldiers of the South, died from a wound recti v- 1 In a skirmish with the Hrltlsh In Georgia. 1784 Zachary Taylor, twelfth Pres ident of the United States, born near Orange Courthouse, Va. I)led at Washington. D. C, July 9. IS',0. 1789 Paper money first Issued in France. 1 84 S Lord Melbourne, Quern Vic toria's first premier, died. Horn March 13. 1779. 1809 Henry Ward Heecher chosen president of the National Woman S- friige association. 132 Abby jT..-"Tison, famous Am erican inger, died. Horn Aug. 29, 1R29. 190S Oov. Albert R Cummins of Iowa elected United States senator. "THIS IS MY 68TH BIRTHDAY.1 Adam II. Fetterolf, president of rjlrard College, Philadelphia, was horn in Perklomen, Pennsylvania, Novem ber 24. 1841, and received his education at Urslnus College. After his gradu ation In 18fi8 he began his career, ns a ruihllo-school teacher. Several years later he became principal of Freeland Seminary, now Urslnus College. From 1870 to 1880 he was principal of the Andalusia Hall school in Tennsylvan "xV'ashiriRton, Nov. 24. Undo Sam The Upper photograph shows the government's new semi-automatic dec-. trical tabulator. Thj lower photo- graph is of the now semi-automatic card punching machine. ft ;.T"if) i- b .imm ( At the left above is Mrs. S. Takaki an d at the right is her husband. Below at the left is Mme. Paul Ritter. At the riqht is Miss Davide Yulee Noble. Nov. 2.",. Will Wash the Japanese heiress? e question in society Washington, illMon receivi This I., the s circles. Creat riches In Japan are rarer than noble birth, and on that account spe cial Interest attaches to a Japanese bride who has arrived at San Fran cisco on the liner Manchuria, ac companied by her husband. The little lady is a daughter or the wealthiest house in Japan and is worth $ 1 ,)')(, o in or more in her own right. On the pas senger list tlie honeymoon couple are down as Mr. find .Mrs. S. Takaki. but In pointing tin m out their fellow passengers, particularly the bride's countrymen, added with hushed voice: "She Is of the Mitsui family." The bride was Miss Tatsuo Mitsui who.u,. father Is fit the head of the min ing branch of the Mlisul Interests. The Mltsuis are to Japan what the lioth.schilds are to Europe. Tliev are bankers, Khip owners, merchants, manufacturers and numerous other things that it takes money to be. Fach brunch of the business Is man ageu by a member of the family and the house has branch offices in every important lily in the world. The Milsuis financed the Japanese government in Its war with Russia, as it has In other ventures, and natur ally when a Miss Mitsui, rich, beaull lul atul socially popular, elected to wed. it was a big event In Tokio. They were married October 9 and have been honeymooning ever since. Takaki is a graduate of the Univer sity of Pennsylvania, '07. and Is tak ing his ) rlh to New York, where h" will have charge of the Mltsnl Inter ests. . i!ot, Takvtkl and his bride have traveled .t' nsivi ly and both speak English. , Takaki said yesterdady that ho had the honor to be appointed to Instruct Prince Sliimad.u In the Tokio dialect at the time the prince went from his home In Satsuma. Prince Shlmadzu is an officer in the Japanese navy and was here during the Portola festival en the cruiser Id.umo. ia. In IKm) he became vice president of (Jirard College tho famous School founded by Stephen (Jirard for the lucatlon of poor boys in Philadel phia, and sinco 1SX2 he has been presi dent of the Institution. In recogni tion of his work as an educator Ir. Fetterolf has received honorary de grees from Lafayette College nnd Oth er prominent durational institution!, In the east. POLITICS AND POLITICIANS. Minneapolis is to make a bid for the next Republican national convention. flovernment by commission is being agitated in Jam svllle, Kau Claire, 0h- kosh and several other leading cities f Wisconsin. Huslness men of Oklahoma City are devising a new city charter which will be voted on. at n special election early in Iecember. F. F. Furlcson. - ""r "f rnnd .Rapid" ". i" K'""K 10 run jor may or of that city on a three-cent fare platform. Talk has be. n revived In Ohio of running Congressman Nicholas Ing- worth, son-in-law of ex-PresIdept Roosevelt, for governor. ' William Hay ward, ox-governor of Nebraska, may be appointed iirst ns slstant postmaster general to succeed Dr. Charles IV Cirandfleld, who has resigned to becomo postmaster of Washington. oemoeratic loaders of Missouri nn pa tu to nave decided upon a pro gramme-'which calls for the nomina tion of ox-tiovcrnnr David R. Francis for United States senator and the support of ex-(!overnor Joseph W. Folk f'r the presidential nomination. The fact that William J. Hryan plans to travel abroad nearly the whole of the coming year, spending the winter in South Amrica and thn summer J' Europe, Is regarded as conclusive evl d -nee that the Nvbryalcn-tf-'tou-r has no Idea of bee .i"J"g a candidate for Unit ...t states senator. jicpuoucnii I'-Micra in Virginia are laying plans to nominate Congression al candidates n mob. of the ten dis i nets in the state next summer. This is sild to be- tlrv first time that such a thlntr has boon attempted In the There ip Only One That la USED THE WOUD OVER TO CURE A COLO IM ONE DAY. Always reincniber'tlie !ulf "namur for this signature on every box. has two new semi-automatic electrical machines which are the nearest ap proach to a human mind of any ma chine ever decided. They will bo used hi the preparation of the thirteenth census. Card punching and tabulating method which will greatly reduce thu margin of statistical error in. the com pilation of the thirteenth 'census popu lation data have been adopted by Di reetor E. Dana Dura ml. . Tht card punching machines to be used at the present census differ very radically from, those employed before, ami will. It Is believed, not only in crease the rapidity of tho work but tend to reduce the number of errors on the part of the clerks doing tho punching. With the old punching ma chine, If an error was made In a single Item, even though lt might be the last item to bo punched on the card, the entire card had to be destroyed. This consumed time and also resulted in a temptation to the operator t let the error go uncorrected. T.t was not found possible at the last (''"s's to check all of the cards to the sr.j.,1,, t,,u ..,..1 i. ...Hi ,,,..,i,,ia.. n,, """'"f to uo so ut tins census. I "art of tlieviin3 punched by each op erator are suited iit random and compared back. ,i if ;iny appreciable percentage of vrn jH discovered in those thus coin pan d Uie other card punched by the same opcv;ltur are like wist! compared. The stini-auttinatlc clectruM tabu lating machines to be used ai the present census will also result, ii Jg neiieveu, in a material increase i ranlditv iiinl r,.,lm t l,,n ,.r .,.., .no I Is principally brought about by the fact that the nsnlts of the count for ach unit of area are automatically printed, whereas formerly, they were registered on dials from which n ad inns had to be taken and recorded by hand. The reading- of these djals took n large anuunt of time, during: which the machine was Idle, arid Inaccurate readings were not uncommon. The new method of punching and tabulation employes a small manila card, about C by 3 Inches In si.e, to represent each individual composing the po-'il itloti April 15, 1910. For- 'his purpose alone, Ofl.non.oiio cards have been purchased. A gigantic card In dex system Indeed. In collecting the data, a schedule Is carried by the enumerators and ques tions in u concerning each individual will for the name, n lationsbln to head of family, color, sex, race, age, conjugal condition, place of birth, place of birth of parents, number of years In the United Stteu, citizenship, oc cupation, whether or not employer or employe, and. If employe, whether or not employed at the date of enumera tion, and the number of monthi) un employed during the preceding calen dar year, whether or not engaged in agriculture, school attendance, literary and tenure of home, and whether or not a survivor of the Union or Con federate nriny or navy. The surface of the population card is divided by printed lines into .what Is called "Holds" or divisions contain ing certain figures, abbreviations of words and combinations of letters, which aro used as symbols to corre spond with, or represent tho details or Items of data as reported on the original schedule by the enumerator. ' Taking the curd as tlv representa tive of an Individual, It then becomes necessary f transfer to the card, all the data on the schedule, referring to that Individual. This Is done by punching out the corresponding sym bols, leaving open holes at those pointy Tho semi-automatic ebftrlcal punch ing machine, which will be used, is built on the plan of a typewriter, wrth a keyboard very similar In nppenr-j nnee, but hnvln-r 210 different keys. The machine, in Its operation, differs from a typewriter In a. most Important respect. As Is well known, In operat ing the typewriter, every t'me -i key Is depressed, a letter Is printed and If a mistake H made, the letter must bo crossed out or corrected, with con siderable loss of time and dlsflcurlur of copy. The new card punching ma chine obviates this as the operator. In stead of punching one hole at a time. can depress Into position for subse quent punching as many keys as are necesiry to record the required facts. Knob key Is Independent of all the others ami can be released at will, v Reforo preslng a button, which turns on the electric current for oper- I i' lit :t ! - - fe'fc;,. , K . j a r x r.,t. & L .ctw , . j " V 111 V. - I jrting the punching mechanism, .tho j operator can look over the depressed -keys, comparing them with the sched li'Ie, and f a key has been erroneous I ly placed, it can be released and the ei.or rectified. This work of correc tion. Is assisted by havmg airfereiit colors for the keys for each Held r division of the card. It enables quick er discovery of the key In error. In the old style punching machine a hole '.as punched in tho card every time 1,1 plunger was depressed. If an error in kiiih ,jn;. (l pymbol was made, tho card had j(! h, taken oat and thrown away. As t)i- punclnr's efficiency was bised largely ,, thl n,ir (Jf oarda punched in a day, it will be seen that the old method .hid ib,. operator open to the temptation t., itt the error :i,uL ' ' l-vlff'lMlH Willi the old machine, a nkiillul clerk could average 9.000 cards a day. The new machine will enable an average of 3.0IM) cards to be punched In a day by one operator. Another time and money saving fea ture of tv new machine Is that the feeding df card; to the. punching keys is entirely automatic. As the blank J trolling the tabulating dial for cadi Item of data required. The pins which reach the unpunched Burface of the card aro pushed back Into the box so that no contact U possible. The tabu lating process Is completed by an auto, nuftic recording and printing system, somewhat on the stock ticket" plan connected with each dial. When the operator wishes to make a reading or to ascertain a total or series of ttuls. an electric button Is touched and the details are automatically printed an ribbons of paper, after which tho counters return to zero. Each tabulating machine can. if necessary, carry CO counters, but it Is believed that the tabulations neces sary will only require about 20 as that represents approximately the av erage number of facts punched Into each card. A speed of 2.1.000 cards tabulated per day on one of these machine should be reached easily. Contracts have been let for the. building of 10U of them. The daily output of the old style machine average about M.on'i cards owing to the fact that the OOlMitoru li.i.l ... i. ...... i . ... cards are f. ,1 in from the rear of tin "', , " "V" m otors . i . utor an,l the results recorded by hand. dropped Into n magazine In front. While the operator Is punching card, the machine also, by means of a "gang punch," Is automatically ap plying a mark, or designation, to the card which shows that it Is one of the total number representing all of the population In a particular census area, whether city, county or state. Automatic counters are attached to the kys and In this way, prellmln ary announcements of certain Impor tant population totals may be made as soon as nil of the cards h ive been punched. Under the old system, when an me punching wns done by hand, these figures were not available until the tsbulatlng work was started The census bureau has ordered 3,000 of these new punching machines, nnd u is calculated that the facts on the population schedules . ran bo trans rerren io cards by a double shift of employes nt the rate of about 230, 000. 000 cards n month. -After the cards havo been punched and verified, they nro ready for the new semi-automatic electrical tabu liting machine, similar in many re spects to the one used In the Twelfth census, which was Invented by Her man Hollerith. It Is in the form of n heavy oabim t,v from the front of which extends a movable arm or lever attached to the outer extremity of which is a "pin box" containing u pin for ench possible holo in a card. The operator feeds the cards by hand, one at a time, Into a reeeptacio directly unde the "pin box." This re ceiver has holes 'that come under those In the card. Rencnth each hole Is a mercury cup. After placing a card In a receiver, the operator touches n button starting nn electric motor. This automatically brings the "pin box" down upon the card. Tho electrically charged pins pass through the boles into the mercury cups, contact Is ac complished, nnd the current by means of relays causes one or more dials or counters to register. In other words, each pin and Its mercury cup form terminals of a sepnrnte current pass ing through an electromagnet con- a method productive of error and loss of time. The form of tabulator described is really semi-automatic but requires the constant attention of operator while In service. However, the census ex perts are now at work on a tabulator designed to bo wholly automatic la Its notion, which will feed cards from a magazine and receive them Into another niagnzlno nrter the fashion of the new card punch. Electric motors of one-half horse-power aro employed for the operation of the new census machines. After the transfer of Information t the cards have been completed, tho schedules are filed away In a fireproof vault for permanent preservation. The clerks handling the cards cannot toll from anything .on them the names or addresses of the individuals for whom the cards stand, so that In the tabu lation and subsequent statistical pro cesses the personal element Is lost and the card Is known only by a num ber. . After tho census Is over Hie cards are boxed and filed away in a great room. One other machine Is employed In the work. It Is nn automatic clerical sorter which separates Into different compartments the groups of cards ar ranged with reference to the charac ter of the statistical tables for which they supply the facts. The census of 1890 was noteworthy because of the Introduction of electric tabulation, but not of punching. The card punching machines were-, simple inechnnlcal devices, operated by hand. The symbols on a card were punched out by a plunger. The electrical tabu lating machine used in 1890 and 1500 also was operated by hand..1 It has been ofTicially stated that electric tabulation has proven a boon to the census office. It Is also de clared that If at the twelfth census. the three tallies of ago and ex, natl- vMyrnd occupation had been mnde by band, the publication of the statlstle" for these three sublects alone won!! have required the time of ore hundred clerks seven years, eleven rnonths and five days. 25o. south by tho republican party. Head-' quarter for the VotTIIng campaign have of the -,r0,,y--:f;;,- , West Is shown in the 'early beginning of the Congressional campaign In Knn- " - ''mM - ' PnnTPalnnal Cm. fore the election, but now with tf flection a year off the .eampaJgn l ir furl rfwlnrl jVlthlVfihliidatcaIr00 -