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The Calumet news. [volume] (Calumet, Mich.) 1907-1938, July 01, 1911, Image 1

Image and text provided by Central Michigan University, Clark Historical Library

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86086633/1911-07-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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Th Calumat Newt la
momber of th Aaaociatad
Today's New Today.
NO. 207
o;g booty in
Forty-Five Thousand Dollars Not
Touched by Bandits Who
Loot Ooly Mail and
Express Cars
Crow Makoa Hard Fight Against Rob"
bora in Order to Protect Caen.
80 Far No Capturaa Hava
Boon Mado by Potaoa.
Erie, Pa., July 1. The bandits who
held up nnd robbed u train near Wm
leyvtlle last nltht have not yt-t been
captured, Scores of men are today
searching- the surrounding country for
the robbers.
The train, wag stopped by a pile of
Ufa and telegraph poles placed across
the track. . The bandits immediately
boarded the train, rifled the mall and
express cum, shot and seriously
wounded the'fnall clerk and Injured
the conductor. Many of the passen
ger had a narrow escape from death
or wounds by bullets.
The trainmen fought with the rob.
bers, but were noon overcome and the
bandits went about their work unop
posed, and escaped.
The report thnt they secured $25,000
Is denied by the railroad and express
officials. The passengers were not
molested, but the shots and noise of
the attack - caused a panic among
This afternoon It was stated by the
officials of the Erie railway that the
robbers failed to get anything of value
from either the mall or express cars.
It was to protect about $45,000 of
the company's money that the train
crew made such a hard light against
the hold-up men.
Yesterday was "clean-up" day along
the Kile railway and about 145.000
that had been collected -Xrom the var
ious office of the company was being
brought here for deposit. The money
was In the bagKage car and it Is
thought eh robbers 1inw"bT Its pre"?
T. Wills cf Calumat Chairman of
Mauritania Exercises.
Letters received in Calumet from
Thomas Wills, Km. written as the
tteamer iMauretanla, on which Prof,
and Mrs. WJUs and R C. Richard
took passage to Fngland, was nearlng
land, convey the .Information that
their trip was a very enjoyable one.
Prof. Wills wai selected as chairman
of the program of deck sport con
ducted on Saturday, June 17, and it
might be stated in this connection
that E. C. Richards of this city won
first prize in the needle threading
contest. Prof. Wills also presided at
a concert program given for the bene
fit of the (Seamen's charltlea, and con
cerning hU services in that capacity,
the 'Dally Bulletin." published at the
second cabin saloon, contain. the fol
lowing: "Mr. Wills occupied the chair at a
most successful concert and the large
audience thoroughly enjoyed the ex
cellent program. The chairman, by
his remarks, showed the r-'oat Interest
he took In seamen's cha'ltles. The
committee are to be congi adulated on
the results of their labors, the am
ount realized from the sale of pro
grams and collection being, L20, 4s,
Colonial Visitors Have Intorssting
Wook Before Them.
London, July 1. The parliamentary
visitors to the coronation, representing
Canada. Australia and other self-governing
dominions of the empire, will
leave London tomorrow night to be
gin their tour of the United Kingdom
as guests of the Lords and Conimons
Committee. Monday and Tuesday will
be spent In Dublin and Pelfast as the
guests of Lord Aberdeen. Scotland
will next be visited, the Itinerary In
cluding Edinburgh nnd the Glasgow
exhibition. The party will Journey
south and reach Carnarvon In time to
witness the Investiture of the Prince
of Wales.
Pottsvlllo, Pa.J July 1. The elab
orate preparations for Schuylkill
ri-.cntv'H centennial celebration were
completed today. The relebratlon will
begin with religious exercises tomor
row and continue through the week
Merlin. July 1. flermany has finally
taken direct action In Morocco and has
ordered the gunboat Panther to Ag
adlr, the moat southern point of Mo
Washington. I). C, July l.JT!
dent Taft today nominated Frank I
Gilbert to bo revenue collector of the
aocond dlatrict of Wisconsin.
ir77TT r
Chicago, HI., Juiy l Hiver-
view park, one of the largest
amuHement places in the west.
was threatened with dentine-
tion by lire, believed to be of
Incendiary origin, early today.
Half a dosten .concessions were
: destroyed with an estimated
loss of $20,000. Miss Anna West,
night nuree in the baby Incu-
I. bator show, saved her ten
charges. 4.
Chicago, III., July 1. America'
newest and greatest naval training
station, located on Lake Michigan,
thirty miles north of Chicago, was
formally opened today. The station
was built by the Navy Department in
the belief that the Great Lukes dis
trict can furnish a large number of
desirable seamen for the rapidly grow
ing navy and that when it gets fully
under way it will assist In a large
measure in the solution of the problem
of how to secure enough recruits to
man the new battleships and other
vessels of the navy.
The plant covers 182 acres of ground
and Includes thirty-nine buildings. Its
total cost was $3,500,000. The staff
will include fifteen officers, fnm the
rank of rear admiral down, and, nil
told. 100 Instructors and officer, will
be employed to direct the training of
the 1.600 to 2,000 men who will be
comprised In each six months quota.
Four Witnesses Say They Saw Him
Knock Day Down.
After four witnesses had testified in
the examination of George Campbell,
the former Calumet man. accused of
manslaughter, a the result of the
death of Henjamln Day at Pontine, the
hearing was adjourned to next Wed
nesday. The evidence offered was
that Henjamln Day and Campbell had
re; argument while both stood at
the bar of Meldruni & Koon's saloon.
Day invited Campbell outside and
both started, followed by other.
Campbell struck -Day behind the ear
and Day fell to the sidewalk. C. C.
Morgan, one of the witnessed, said he
saw an open jackknife lying In a pool
of blood where Day fell. None if the
witnesses stated that Day had the
knife or that any one attempted to
use It. James Humphries struck
ttampbell after the latter htt Day
and was himself knocked down.
Fred R. Eaton, chief clerk of the C.
& II. mining company arrived home
yesterday from an automobile trip to
Chicago and return. Mr. Eaton made
the entire Journey from Calumet to
Chicago In his American readster. his
cyclometer registering over fioO miles.
On the return trip. Mr. Eaton drove
his car to Marquette, from which point
It was shipped to L'Anse. where he
again entered It and came to Calumet.
A very unusual feature of the trip I
the fact that Mr. Eaton had but one
puncture on the entire trip from Calu
met to Chicago and back to .Mar
St. Paul. AlJnn., July 1. A law pro
hlbltlng the sale of malt liquor
"whether intoxicating or not" outside
of licensed drinking places became
operative In Minnesota today. The
law I expected to put an end to the
"near beer" Industry ns carried on by
candy stores, soda stand and other
soft drink establishments.
Los Angeles. Cal.. The steamer Eu
reka, which left for Honduras In May
In search for burled treasure from a
sunken Spanish galleon, anchored In
Han Pedro harbor today, the members
of the party having given up the ex
pedltlon in disgust. The report that
the narty had recovered $t."i.0ort,0o')
was denied.
New York. N. Y.. July 1. Revs. Dr.
King, of Monmouth. III.: Dr. RehereL
of Waterloo, Iowa: and C. E. ltrandt.
of Chicago, departed today to visit all
of the Iresbyterlan missions of the
world. They go under the auspices of
the Presbyterian board of foreign mis
Cleveland, O July 1. Julius W,
Hopkins, former teller of the First Na
tional bank, charged with embezzling
1104.000 today pleaded guilty and was
sentenced to seven fearn In the peni
Iloston, Mas., July l.4resldent
Taft and family arrived here this
morning en route, to hia rummer home
at Beverly.
Saving of $100,000 Per Year
Will Result from Simplified
Administration in Ef
fect Today
Department of East to Gat Two
States from Department of Lakea
But Latter is Given North
and South Dakota.
Washington, D. C. July 1. The ar
my department reorganization, which
has been a subject of much
illHcu.-tsion since the plans were
tlrst announced by the war de
partment some months n?o, came In
to effect today. The reorganization is
in the Interest of Mini. lifted adminis
tration. Th war department believes
It will expedite the tran. action of
biMincs connection with the army
and effect a saving of about $100,-
000 a year in army administration.
The lending feature of the new plan
Is the establishment of three main
divisions. These are the eastern divi
sion, with headquarter tit Governor's
Island the Central dl; vision, with
headquarters nt Chicago and the
western division, with headquarters
at fian Francisco. At those places the
principal work I to be concentrated.
T:.e divisional oillcer will give atten
tion to the purely military business,
leaving th department commanders
to deal with administrative detail. The
object Is to develop officers cu (table
of handling great army units.
T':e army headquarters at Denver
Is the only one abolished under the
new order. Considerable changes,
however, nre made In the boundaries
of the other departments. The depart
ment of Mie ea-t Is extended to take
In Ohio and Kentucky, which hereto
fore have formed part of the De
partment of the Like'. Louisiana Is
transferred from the Department of
the Gulf to the Department of Texas.
North nnd South Dakota, formerly In
cluded In the Departments of Dakota
nnd Missouri, nre transferred to the
Department of the Lakes. New Mex
ico. Arizona nnd Utah nre detached
from the Department of Colorado nnd
form part nfjhe Department of Cali
fornia. Montana nnd Wyoming go
from the Department of Dakota to the
Department of Columbia. Montana
and Wyoming go from the Depart
ment of Columbia, which Is to have
Its headquarter nt Vancouver Par
racks, Wash.
Canadian Statesman to Celebrate
Birthday Tomorrow.
Ottawa, Out . July 1. According to
the cable dispatcher of the past few
veeks one of the most honored visit
ors to the coronation In London has
tteen Sir Charles Tuppcr, the Canadian
slatesmnn, who will tomorrow cele
brate the ninetieth anniversary of his
birth. The honors heaped upon the
distinguished nonegenarlan have been
pleasing to nil Canadians, whatever
their political creed. Sir Charles as
the great leader of the confodern tion
movement In the Maritime Provinces
did much to make the Canada of to
e'ay possible. In the course of his
long public career he held mot of
the portfolios in the Federal ministry,
ns well a tho premiership or
Nova Scotia and the office of Illgli
Commissioner of Canada In London.
Plttsfleld, Mass., July 1. The city
of Plttsfleld will celebrate th 150th
anniversary- of Its Incorporation as
n town by a gala week beginning to
morrow, on much the general plan
for nn old home week, but with more
elnborntenes.c. Former Secretary of
the tavv Ijong. president Garfield of
Williams College and other men of
note will tnke part.
ltltiefleld. Nicaragua. June 2.". via
New Orleans, July 1. Although quiet
lelgns on the Atlantic coast of Nicar
agua the government I alert and ex
traordinary preparations are being
made t forestall any revolutionary
movements. A strong garrison of sol
diers has been (.laced here and the
police force Increased. In spite of
the state, of unrest, which Is apparent
on nil sides. ! Is the general -belief
that President Estrada will remain In
office until the next general election
The many tumors of revolutionary
idols, however, ale declared by mer
chants to serve an n serious hindrance
to business activity.
Denver.. Colo., Juiy 15. John
! W. S. rfpi linger was today
guiited a cjivorce from hi hoc-
nnd wife. The suit was one of
! the results of the" killing of
.Iuln Von Phul by II. -F. Hen
wood la.-t iMay. Mr. Sprlng-
I er was th'j alleged source of
enmily between the twci men.
Springer Is a. wealthy banker
J- of D nvt-r, nnd formerly well
known In Illinois.
j j,. .j. . . : : !
Ample Warning Should Be Given by
Auto Drivers Turning Corners.
A local citizen, who, mounted on a
bicycle, narrowly escaped bein.-j run
down by an automobile last evening
beeau.se the driver did not sound his
horn or give nny other warning sig
nal, states that nil auto drivers should
give ample w.rning on upproac hint?
every street corner whether there are
my pedc:-:triaiiS In sight or not. Often
a person on a blcj i le may come Into
view Just aa the auto Is turning the
coiner, making it difficult to avoid
collision, - The pimple blowing of the
horn mixht prevent a seriou nci bb-nt.
It Is asset ted lhat the village officials
sltould Insist on ample warning being
given by all mobile ill I vers w hen
turning' corners, a reepiirr incut easy
enough to eotiiply with and essential
to the safety e4 people oil the streets.
Mrs. Lena Engelharclt Becomes Bride
of Richard Klau.
Word has been received In Calumeq
announcing the marriage solemnized
on .Thursday evening, June 2!t. at Mil
waukee of Mrs. Ina Kngelhanlt tt
Hichard Klau. The ceremony occurred
at the home of the groom at Milwau
kee, Juds'; John Donovan officiating,
ami was witnessed by only the near
est relatives tf the bride nnd groom.
Mr. Klau was formerly auditor for the
Hapst lirewlng company of Milwaukee
and the bride Is well known In Calu
met, having made her home lure for
e number of years. Mr. and Mrs.
Klau will rslrte at Milwaukee'.
Rattle Creek, Mich., July I. Mc
Lane & Swift's grain elevator here
Has lif.nictf'toXi'y, Ihe hiss being $100,
000, half of which Is on grain stored
In the building. The fire was attrib
uted to electric wires.
The production of Wolverine for the
month of June was r.2M! tons of min
eral, which Is forty tons more than
for the month of 'May. Mohawk's
June output w.n 735 ti tons.
News Forecast
Of the
Coming Week
Washington. D. C. July. 1. The
coming celebration etf the Fourth of
July will probably lie the. "safest and
sanest" the country has ever witness
ed, popular celebrations with parades
and pageants as the chief features are
iilanned In New York. Chicago, Phila
delphia, I'.ostoti, and numerous other
President Taft will celebrate the
Fourth at Indianapolis. Leaving l?ev-e-rly
Sunday he will reach Marion. Ind.,
the following day, nnd there he will
speak to the bankers and editors of
lndrtma. llev will reach Indianapolis
Monday night and go to the home of
former Vice President Fairbanks. July
Fourth he will give to the people of
the Indiana capital. Ile will return to
Washington direct from Indianapolis.
The large gatherings of the week
will Im hide the biennial convention
of the International Christian Fndeav
or I'nion in Atlantic City, the annual
assembly of the Jewish Chautauqua
Society of America at Milwaukee, and
the annual convention of the National
llducatlon Association, opening In San
Francisco on Saturday.
Wednesday Is the day set for the Mc
Xamar.i brothers to appear In court
In Its Angedes to plead to the charge
of murder with the use of dynamite.
The monument erected by the Do
minion of Canada to Laura Secord.
'who risked her life In conveying to the
Hritish army the Informatiem which en
abled them to win the victory at Hea
ver Dams In the War of 1S12. will be
unveiled Wednesday with Interesting
ceremonies. The monument stands on
Quecnston Heights.
Fvents of the week abroad will In
clude the Royal Henley lie-gatta on the
Thames, the State vbdt ef the King
nnd Queen to Ireland, the Jubilee meet
ing of the Itritish Institution of Naval
Architects In London, the American
Fmbnfsy reception . nt Dorchester
House on Independence Day, French
open golf championship tournament
nt Ia ltoiilie, and a meeting In l'.rus
sels to form a permane nt International
etrganlx.il ion t ! known ns the Inter
national Iron and Steel Institute.
Charles T. Weymann, American,
is Victor in Great Airship
Contest, and Recovers
Cup For U. S.
Covers Latt Ninety-Three Miles in
One Hour, Eleven Minutes.
Spectacular Flight Mad by
Atwater to New York.
Fast Church, F.ngland. July 1.
Chiules T. Weymann, un American,
won the international av iatlon meet
today, covering 'J XL' miles in one hour,
eleven minutes, 3S 1-5 seconds.
This brings to America the cup won
by Grahumme White, the Knglish
man. at De hnont Park, X. Y.
Great Flight by Atwater.
New York, X. Y., July 1. Aviator
At wood, who left Xew London, Conn.,
ut 7:0." o'clock this morning, landed
J at Governor'.! Island at 10:25. Ills dis
tance is 122 miles.
It Is considered erne of the most
spec tacular llights In the history of
American aviators, his maneuvering
above skyscrapers being most daring.
After leaving Xew Indon. At wood
Intended flying down the Connecticut
shore, and crossing Ing Island sound
to the aviation field at Mlncola, but
finding favorable air conditions he
turned Inland, off Mount Ve-rnon. nnd
then headed for the mouth of Ka.t
river. He crossed to Long Island, near
the Williamsburg bridge', turned back
ti Manhattan Island, crossing the riv
er the second time, flew over the city
and landed safely nt the aviation field
Atwood In an Interview says he
tried to encircle the Singer tower, but
a gust of wind prevented and he did
not make the attempt again. Ihirlng
his (light he landed at Astoria for fuel.
He estimates his average speed fifty
miles an hetur.
Old Resident Passes Away Today Af
ter Only Short Illness.
The death occurred at 9 o'clock this
morning, after n short Illness, of John
August Malmquist. aged 68 years, at
the family residence on north Rock
land street, C. & II. location.
The deceased was an old nnd re-spec-te'd
resident. He had been In the
employ of the C. & 11. Mining com
pany for a great many years.
He Is survived by his wife and three
sons and four daughters, all residents
of this distric t. The sons are Charles
of Ahmeek, and Fred and 1'iuII nt
home', and the daughters, Mrs. Conrad
Cyrrhus. Mrs. Gus Ijirson and Mrs.
Andrew I Vanqulst. all of Calumet, and
Mrs. John Hartmann, of Laiirium.
The funeral will take (dace next
Wednesday afternoon with services at
the Swedish Lutheran church, Rev.
Mr. Monell officiating. Interment will
be in Like View cemetery.
The annual meeting of school board
of district No. 1 will be held one week
f 1 etui next Monday, July 10, at 7 p. m.,
in the Washington school hall. At
this meeting the annual reports will
be read and adopted, and two mem
bers to the hoard elected.
The retiring members of the board
are Messrs M. M. Morrison, chairman,
and F. D. Johnson, secretary. Hoth of
these members are eligible for re-elec-tlon,
and It is expected will be unop
St. Petersburg, July 1. Russia's first
dreadnaught. the Sevastapol, was
launched today from the Haltle works.
It has a displacement .of 23,000 tons,
and with 42.000 horse power. Is expected
to develop a speed of twenty-three
knots an hour. Its length Is f.00i
feed, and the beam Is 87 feet. The
Poltava, a sister ship of the Sevasta
pol, will be launched on July 10.
Grand Rapids. Mich., July 1.
Charles I Johnson, of Chicago, treas
urer etf the American Flee tr lea I Fuse
Co.. of Muskegon, Mich., and n former
Chicago hanker, was arrested at Cas
tle Park late yesterday on a warrant
charging conspiracy t defraud and
ebtalning money ' under false pre
tenscs The warrant was pre-fcrred by the
old National Dank "of Grand Rapids,
which claims to have lost over $50,000
through the manipulation etf bogus
and valueless notes discounted nt the
bank for the American Fleetrical Fuse
jt, .;. j . .
I a nil on, July 1. Today'.! re
port from the majority of I nit-; V
ish seaports em has.lz.-d the !
growing gravity of the ultua- V
thn created by the strike in the J
shipping trade. Utile; s a set-
tlement is effect! by Monday
Indications point to a syinpu- !
thetlc strike by the transport
workers of the federation,
which has a membership of up
wards of a hundred thousand. 5
Minneapolis, Minn.. July 1. Husl
ness in Minneapolis will be practically
at a standstill the coming week while
the citizens give themselves over to
a celebration of the growth and pros
perity of the ilty. The affair prom
ises to be one of the" most notable
of its kind ever held In this country.
Many visitors are already putting In
an appearance nnd It Is expected that
when the celebration gets fully under
way at the beginning of the week the
crowd will be th largest ever enter
tained In Minneapolis.
There nre to be se'parate events for
each of the seven days, beginning to
morrow with band cowerts nnd ft
military review, pageants and spec
tacles reflecting the manufacturing
nnd commercial progress of this sec
tion of the eountrw will he 11 leading
feature of the week. Of an education
al nature will be the great outdoor
pageants and parades symbolizing the
history of the northwest, beginning
with the discovery of the upper Mis
sissippi, the Indian warfare that fol
lowed with Its settlement, the events
of early statehood, the sending of the
first troops to the front In the civil
war, the coming of the railroads, the
development of commerce, the har
vesting of the crops and the remark
able era of general prosperity.
The decorative features are espe
daily attractive and elaborate, street
after street in' the downtown section
W!ng literally n sea of flags and bunt
ing and nt night ablaze with hundreds
of thousands of mult'-colored lights.
Easily Wins Big Varsity Eight Race
From- Old Eli.
" Xew Ixtndon, Conn.. July 1. Jlar
vard's effort to sweep the Thames ye-s-terday
for the third consecutive year
was not quite accomplished, for, al
though the crimson won the great var
sity event In runaway st.le by nine
teen lengths, the Yale freshmen cap
tured the Initial event. In each race
the winning crew led from the start,
and Harvard's giant varsity eight
shook off the lighter crew at the start
and was never even challenged
throughout the four miles. It was the
fourth consecutive victory of the bi
trew for Harvard, a record that has
not come to Cambridge for nearly
half a century.
All Workmen in Norway Muit Pro
vide for Emergencies.
Chrlstlanla, July 1. Norway today
put Into operation its new compulsory
sick insurance law, which entitles
workers to free medical attendance,
medicine and surgical appliances for
themselves and families, also a money
allowance when totally incapacitated
tor vork. All workers over 13 years
of age re-clvlng pay amounting to less
than $335 a year In the country and
$3!0 In , a tow n ore entitled to the
bcneNflts. The expense D borne pro
portionately by the workers, the em
ployers, the local authorities nnd the
Passenger Carrying Ocean Vessels Re
quire Equipment Now.
Washington. D. C.. July 1. Fnder
new regulations of the government
which become effective today nil
ocean-going vessels carrying more
than 50 passengers will be liable to n
fine of $5,000 unless they are equipped
with a wireless apparatus capable of
transmitting messages to a distance of
not less than 100 miles and manned by
an operator carrying n certificate Is
sued by the Fnlted States or a for
eign government.
Xew York. July 1. Thousands of
minister nnd pastors of churches af
filiated with the Federal Council of
Churches of Christ In America have
agreed to observe tomorrow a "Peace
Sunday" bjr preaching sermons deal
Ing with the problem of Internatlon
nl arbitration and universal peace.
Tendon, July 1 Th coronation fes
tivities "having come to an end, the
king and queen left Pucklngham Pal
ace today for Windsor to secure a
much needed test. Their majesties
will remain at Windsor until, the lat
ter part of nxt week when t'-y will
depart for Ireland.
Marinette, Wis., Lumberman Tes
tifies to That Effect Today
Before Investigating
Asked Privilege of Contributing, Say
Witness, Hines' Stenographer Sup
porta the Story Told by
Her Employer.
Washington, D C, July 1. Miss
Frances S. Carroll, telephone eqerat
or In the office of the nines Lumber
Co., Chicago, told the Inimer Inves
tigators today kIih ocrheard a tele
phone talk Ixtween Hines and Gov.
Deneeii, n;id I lines and Iorimer on.
May 2Mb. 1!0!, the day Lor! mer was
elected. Her Mory was prae tiVallv tho
fame as told by Hines. While .vhe wa
certain of what was said In these two
conversations. Miss Carroll could not
remember anything of the- many other
calls on the offic e' te h-phone that da.
Fred Carney of the Carney Lumber
Co. of Marinette, Wis., also was a wit
ness. Carney's testimony agreed with
Hines' description of how Funk was
a PI r.,ac!iec at the Fnlon League club.
It was In this conveintI..n that Funk
declared Hines asked him to' contrib
ute, to the Ixnimer election fund,
whereas Hines testified that Funk
asked for the privilege of contribut
ing to the fund. Carney said he hoard
nothing of the conversation.
'Carney testified he did not know.
It was Funk who talked to nines af
the Fnhn league club May 27t".i, .
190!, but' that Hines after the con
versation told him it was Funk. Thfli
witness said his luciiiory Incident
thereto was refreshed by a Convert,a
tlon three weeks ago between hims-'.
nnd lllnes.
Restriction of Competition Prime Ob
ject of Company, It's Said.
Washington, 1 1. C July 1. The long
expected and muc h discussed report
from the bureau of orporat ions on tho
I'nited States Steel corporition, re
cently submitted to President Taft.
was made public here last ii!ht. Sign
ed by llerln-rt Knox Smith, commis
sioner of corporations, the report
makes no recomme-ndntiiins and is al
most wholly narrative in f'rm.
Mr. Smith declares that restriction
of competition w is the prime obje-c t
f the organizers of the steel corpora
tion, or so-called trust. Capitalized
at $1,402.0110.0011, the corporation, he as
serts, bad tangible property worth only
$62. 000.000. !y a constant reinvest
ment of earnings, however, the report
points out. much of the "water" in tho
company has been eliminated.
The steel corporation now owns
severly-tlve per cent of the lake ores,
having recently concentrated Its of
f'orts to se-cure these ropertbs. On
this point the report says:
"Indeed. Insofar as the steel cor
poration's position In the entire Iron
and steel Industrie's is of monopolistic
character, it Is chietly through Its con
trol of Iron ore holdings and the- trans
portation of ore."
Discussing in detail how "the Im
pending struggle of the giants" was
averted almost over night by the for
mation of the great combination of
combinations, taking in 2."o subsidiary
companies controlling sixty per cent
of the total crude nnd finished steel
production of the countr, tho report
"Cntil 1MS the bulk of tho business
was distributed among a very consid
erable number of concern. There was
i-harp competition. modified by fre
quent moIs of greater or less duration
and effect iveness."
Era of Combinations.
Then cam an era of great combina
tions, the report continues, with capi
talizations ranging from $ro,inin.ooo t
$100. ooa. iMiei, merge rs of many smaller
companies, which, Instead of elimi
nating competition, threatened to bring
price cutting on a larger scale- than
ever before. In 1 sr:-li'oo there we-re
three great companies the Carnegie
company. Federal S'.e-eM and National
Steel dominating the pnvluction of
crude nnd semi-llnlshed products, and
fx lie-ems the American Steel nnd
Wire, American Tin Plate, American
Steel Hoop. American Sheet Sl'-el. Na
tional Tnlw and American P. ridge
contndllng the lighter finished prod
ucts. I
Tills was the terlod when tho
"strugitle of the giants" was hntend
Ing and when the formation of the
Fnlted States Ste-e-l corporal Ion was
conceived and brought nlut. All nine
of the companies were combined, and
later the Fnlon Steel company, the
Clalrton Stel company and In 1!07
the Tennessee Coal. Iron Ar Railroad
company were taken over. The pro
moting syndicate putting the ileal
through netted $62,500,000 In ca;h.

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