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THE' 0 ALTJBI ET HEWfl,
;;...;...4;M; It's Easy To Do Busi-1 ness With Us. SB MM 1 Peoplo art apt to think that ther It some mystery about tha Banking busi nest and that it ia Hard to understand a Bank'a methods and to conform to its Rules, but its not so at t First National Bank OF CALUMET Hopelessly divided. Casta Is an Impassable Barrier to Pro gress in India. First of all caste In a question of l.irth, and there is no entry except by birth. A worker In a coal mine may becomo a part owner thereof, and his (laughter marry n peer, and his grand son' become a peer In England. I can personally introduce the reader to doz ens of still uneducated clerks, stenog raphers, mill hands, newsboys and their wives, widows, sisters and daughters, whose millions seat themselves at the dinner tables of the ISrahnian class In America. Hut no millions will enable the low caste In Hindu to marry into a 1 trail man fatrilly or even to touch the hand or throw his shadow on the foot of a Iirahman In India. If a man Is excommunicated by bis caste fellows In India, no one of the caste will eat with 1dm except water from his hands, or marry him. His own wife will not touch him or speak with him. lie Is dead to his family. The barber even will not shave him. or cut his hair, or his toe nails. There Is no legislation, no police work, no trial In the courts, no adjust ment of land revenue or land tenure, no meeting of municipal or district councils, no appointment to otTlce small or great, no handling of any community in time of plague or famine, no hygien ic precautions or sanitary arrange ments, into which does not enter this question of caste to complicate to make dilllcult, and perhaps to foil, the most reasonable and necessary work of the administrator. A Rrahman clerk has la-en known to distribute legal docu ments by throwing them down at the end of the village street In which live his low-caste brethren. Letter carriers have been known to refuse to enter the houses of, or to permit themselves to come Into personal contact with those of a lower status than themselves. llf one could picture to oneself Metal snobbery lifted Into a fanatical reli gious faith. It would be a pale descrip tion of the Iron subdivisions of caste In India, but even then simple, as com pared with the meticulous Intricacies of this social pall. There 1 no patri otism, and can be none, In a country thus divided against itself. Price Col Ilcr In Sorlbncr's Magazine. Classified ads bring results. Thirst-Quenching Refreshing ...Delicious... Bosch's is full of refreshing wholcsomencss and delicious goodness Order a Case Today In Quarts and Pints O Bosch Brewing Co. Telephones In all Towns of the ' Copper Country THEATER STILL IN THE LEAD SHAW i COLEMAN in their slang classic. BACK TO MISSOURI GERTRUDE SEKY THE MAID OF MYSTRY 3000 FEET SPECIAL FEATURE FILM PICTURES CHANGE TUES., . THURS., SAT., SUNDAY. GROWN z X x X x X x x I V AN INDIAN HARVEST. How the Ojibways Husk Out Rice by Dancing. The northern ojibway Indians live by hunting and llshlng. wild rice and berry gathering, and no country could be more perfectly adapted to such a life, Each season of Die year has its char acteristic occupation. " In the early fall they llsh with nets at the outlets of the targe lakes or in the narrows between their countless islands, sometimes spearing the stur peons and other llsh by torchlight The llesh is cut int thin strips and smoked or sun dried. At this time they also shoot many ducks and cure thorn in the same way for winter use. Hy the first of August the people be gin to seek out the wild rice llelds, where the precious cereal grows most abundantly, about the outlets and swampy bays of these northern lakes The harvesting of this natural crop Is an Interesting and Important feature of their lives. A large Held having been located cor tain portions of it are preempted by different families and men and women go out by pairs In a canoe to tie the straw In bundles to ripen. A month later they again enter the Held am beat out the grain with a club while holding it over the canoe with a hook ed stick. In this manner the light craft move slowly in the water several feet deep while only the black heads of the har vesters are visible through the thick straw.1 After the field is cleared and the canoes emptied on shore a hob dug or a natural water worn rock tilled half full with rice and covered with rawhide. Then the young women dance ban-foot upon it until husked It is winnowed In skins or Hat baskets thoroughly dried and finally packed rush sacks or skins, sometimes in whol fawn skins. This nutritious food mainly used In the form of a soup or stew with wild duck and other gamt Southern Workman. ' OUR UNDERGROUNDWATERS. Water is found In some amount in all formations below the earth's surf nee, from the loosest and most porous sands nnd gravels to the hardest slate and granite. The amount varies from the merest trace chemically in the mol ecules of the rocks to immense reser voirs which supply wells llowlng bund rods of thousands of gallons a day Some waters are so pure that a refined chemical analysis shows only minute traces of organic ami mineral matter others are so heavily charged with minerals or other Impurities- as to be unsuitable for use. The slope of the surface at any point Is one factor determining the amount of water absorbed bv the ground. The direction and amount of Hope also do termine the form of the water table that is. of the Kupper limit of satura tion. Except where the surface is Hat the water table Is generally not paral lel with the Kurface; it Is almost In variably farthest from the " surface on the summits of hills and mountains and nearest to It In valleys and along the coast, reaching the surface In swamps and along rivers, lakes, and beaches; The surface of the water table Is al ways In motion. Its higher portion Cowing toward the lowest outlets along rivers or the sea. This direction of flow explains why fresh water is usu-i ally found when a well is dug in a sandy beach. From Vatof-Supply Pa per 223, United State Geological Sur vey. '' ''' ' . It pays to advertise. GRAND TLrt Horn of HIGH-CLAS VAUDEVILLE l j Where Tvcryhody (lore g Marie Yuill 71ND Bobby Boyd Assisted by Ada Roach In Son&s and Pattic Dances New Pictures Sir pVTjjj' PLAN 0f PROMOTION GRAND LODGE FAVORS PROMOT- ING TO CHIEF OFFICES . RIGHT FRONBOT. TOM. South Haven was awarded the next meeting pf the Pythian grand lodge at Detroit. The meeting will be held on the flrBt Wednesday In September, The new grand olllcers were in stalled with much ceremony by I. T. 'olgrove of Hastings, past supreme chancellor. Subsequently the new grand chancellor, Victor Hawkins, met with the new ollicors of the grand lodge to formulate plans for the coming year's work. Chancellor Commander Kuhn'a prop osition that the lowest throe olllces In the grand lodge, master-at-arms, outer and inner guards, should not be considered as stepping stones to the higher honors of the grand lodge was turned down, the committee that re norted It out not recommending its passage and tnc lodge concurring. State Lodge Dues Unchanged. Will E. Hampton of Charlevoix. grand keeper of records and seal, was voted a $300 raise in salary, makiii it J1.800. Ilia plan for lowering the dues of the state lodge, an institution designed to furnish a lodge home for 1'ythlans whoso lodges have become defunct, from $2 to $1 was, however, turned down. There, are about 300 members of the Btate lodge at pros ent. The grand temple of the Pythian sisters spent an entire day electing ofllcers for the coming year. Jennie Doyle of Pontlac, grand master of roc ords and correspondence, and Ella A. Jordan of Detroit, grand master of fl nance, wcro unanimously re-eiecieu. There were contests over several of the other ollices, there being no less than six candidates for the olllce of grand protector, which was llnally won by Mrs. Arthur J. Free of this city. Following Is the list of ofllcerB elect ed: Grand chief, Mary It. Lichhcad, Flint; senior, Anna Kemp, Eaton Rap- Ids; Junior, Addle Kempt, Tipton; manager, Nellie Know, Escanaba; Master of records and correspondence, Jennie E. Doyle, pontlac; master of fi nance. Ella F. Jordan, Detroit; pro tector, Mrs. A. J. 'Free, Grand Kapids; guard, Hettle Whitney, Hudson; trus tee, sRortha Keilinger, Saginaw; su preme representative, four years, Mary Vomberg, Charlotte; alternate, Ade laide Kern, West Ilranch. The Pythian sisters will also meet in South Haven next year. TESTS OF BAD WATER. Many Lives in Michigan Towns Saved By U. of M. Ann Arbor, Mich., Sept. 11. What do-they do in the hygienic laboratory when they' test out water to see if it's pure? That's a question that's often asked the doctors in charge of the labora tory connected with the medical de partment of the University of Michi gan, to which, all the year around, and especially in summer time, sam ples of water arc sent for analysis from all parts of the state. It's a long process, and complicated These experiments have greatly reduc ed the number of deaths by bad water. When city and town authorities are skeptical as to the purity of their city water when they are fearful of un ep idemic of typhoid when perhaps cer tain cases of that dreaded fever have broken out In a town, and the physi clans are unable to account for Its presence then they send a sample of the drinking water to the IT. of M. The tests Include an analysis of the physical properties, a chemical analy sis, microscopical and bacteriological examinations and Inoculation experi ments with subsequent examination The physical properties which are ex amined are "color, odor, reaction and hardness." A stand tube Is filled with water and the depth to which a sus- peiHieu aluminum wiro can be seen therein measures the degree of color To test the reaction of the water, lit mus papers are used, and If the water Is acid the paper remains Its original pink; If alkaline, it becomes blue. The test for hardness Is much the same as that known to every housewife the amount of soap necessary to make lather. The presence or absence of odor is determined after evaporation nt 110 degrees centigrade. In the chemical analysis tho residue from a known quantity of water is weighed and measured In parts per mil lion. Then tho reslduo Is burned, thus eliminating the organic matter, and the inorganic matter Is then analyzed. The amount of chlorine Is determined by putting a standard solution of sli ver nitrate Into the water; the amount of organic matter by tho quantity of potassium permangdte which it will decolorize. Nitrates are determined by other coloration methods. The bacteriological examination is begun by. putting a measured amount of water on an agar plate, usually about fifteen drops! The plate of glas Is then covered with agar, which hard ens In cooling after once being heated. The water Is mixed with this and in It tho germs reproduce. The colonies of germs are counted after a 24 -hour wait, and again after 4S hours by this Pioans tho original number of scrms in the 15 drops of water Is determined. To discover the presence of colon germs the Drlgalski media, a blue pre paration of litmus, lactose and agar Is used on the plate; with this tho colon germs form an acid, turning the media red. Typhoid germs do not pro duce the- same effect, but In order to distinguish decisively between the two sorts. It is necessary to follow up with Innoculatlon experiments, nnd Its nsu- lly a guinea pig that's Innocnlated. cubic centimeter of a culture, devel- baseball J STANDINGS OF THE TEAMS. National League. W. I Pet. New York 77 46 .620 Chicago 73 4S .609 Pittsburg 76 &6 .575 Philadelphia 68 57 .544 St. Louis 60 62 CIS Cincinnati ..... .. ..5! CS .464 Ilrooklyn SO 74 .403 p.oston 33 93 .16: American League. ' V. L. Pet Philadelphia S. " 45 .654 Detroit ,. .. 7'J 52 .603 Cleveland ...C'J 61 .531 Now York ....70 61 .531 ltoston ..... IjI 67 4S'J Chicago 63 67 .4S4 WashlngUm .... .. ..54 77 .412 St. Louis ...... .. ...38 J2 .2112 SUNDAY'S GAMES. National League. It. II. II Pittsburg '. 6 9 St. Louis . . . llatterlcs Steele, Gardner and Simon and lillss. Cincinnati Chicago lotteries (Jaspp.r, Lean and Clarke; Nccdham. 7 11 0 Ferry, Hondrix ; (ioldon, Steele It. II. K. 8 9 3 10 Cotnpton, Mc Richie. Cole and American' League. It. 1 1. F St. Louts 3 8 i Chicago S 13 t Ilattcrles (fSeorge, Mitchell und Stephens; W.'iiito, liens and Pdock. ... . It It K Cleveland 1 5 Detroit 2 10 Hattertos I'.landing and Easterly; Donovan and Ctanage (Thirteen In nings.) SATURDAY'S GAMES. National League. R. II. II St. Louis 1 2 0 Pittsburg 4 8 2 llattorlos Harmon, Hols and Uliss; Lcifleld and Simon. Second game--- It. I I.E. St. Louis , 7 11 3 Pittsburg 2 1 0 P.atteries Woodburn and Ilre.ma ban; Camnltz, Robinson and Simon. It. II. E. New York ....4 'J 1 ltrookln ..... 4 15 0 lotteries Cramlall. Wiitse, Math ewson and Wilson; Itueker und Er wln. 11. ILK. Chicago 1 7 2 Cincinnati , 3 4 0 liaiterloH Mcintyre. Cheney and Needbam; Suggs mid Mclean. Phlladelphla-l!oton game, postpon ed on account of rain. American League. v It. II. E. Cleveland i 9 9 1 St. Ix.uis 2 10 8 lotteries Ktler and Easterly; Mosor, Hamilton and Southwkk. IMLK. Washington ... t 5 J New York '. 5 11 2 P.atteries E. Walker and Street; Ford and I '.lair. (Thirteen innings.) R. II. E. Philadelphia 0 C 2 Poston .' 2 5 1 HatUrlos Plank, Krause, Danforth and Thomas, Lapp; O'lhlen and Wil liams. R. H. K. Detroit 1 3 1 Chicago 0 4 2 Patt'rlcs Mullin nnd Stanage; Scoflt and Dlock. eped In weak beef tea during 24 hours In an Incubator, In injected Into tho pig. If there are, any toxicogenlc germs thev may kill the piggie. These germs are of such a nature as to kill the lower animals, .hut riot mankind. The last stage of the test is the ex am'natlon of the germs found in plg- gle's Ii'sldes, and this only after series of tests coloration, growth In several media, serum reactions, etc. then the real nature of the germs Is finally determined. It's a long tedious process, but it pays in human lives saved. . - It pays to advertise. U 1 'u-j- TracsTiriiJiriCTi u II i 1H1 HI Your Valuable Papers are safe, whether they are In the form cf letters, documents, name lists, es timates, Inventories or card Indexes, If they are in a newly perfected SoU QaVwcl Safd Md entirely of tI, with lntitrhanirrlla Interior arranirptnenu pwurw um of Globe Wcmlcko Ktandard atcl unit to auit any indi vidual nHxl or plan. Fire proof air chamlr Insulation all round. Yal comblnatkM lock. Tha Cilolie Cablnrt Safe brings a perfect filing yatpm to your office. We are ellios at nU for this cU. VIININQ GAZETTE COMPAN I SEPARATE STAtE 1 tin inn i Tiirn AINU LULrAL I AALd GOVERNOR'S COMMISSION WILL SUGGEST TWO PLANS IN RE PORT IT WILL SUB MIT. Word comes from I-inslng that the tpeclal tax 'commission will not con tine its report to advocating a partial reparation of state and local taxes but will submit two plans; one the complete separation of state and coun ty taxes and the other the partial sep aration plan which was made public recently in a statement issued !by Patrick II. Kcllcy, of the commission A movement for the complete sep aration of local und state taxes first made ita appearance in the last leg Islature, but the opposition among the representatives from the counties who receive more money from the pri mary school fund than they pay In state taxes was so strong that it nev er gut very far, oven though it has such strong ' adherents as Governor Osborn and Attorney General Kuhn Recently tho subject was ngaln brought to the fore and the special1 tax commission has decided, It 1 said, to advocate the complete separation and the n a an alternative offer ' tne plan which It had first decided on as a basis for Its report. With the complete separation of lo cal and state taxes the corporat'ons which -now pay a specific tax w uld pay tho money into a general fund which rould bo use.l to pay the run ning expenses of the Ftatc, and In stead of the primary school fund each school district would pay the ex penses of maintaining its own schools This would work out to the ad vantage of districts which now pay more tn state taxes than they receive back from the primary fund, but it would be to the disadvantage of the low valuation counties. At the pres ent time more than 60 counties in the Btate receive more for the schools than they pay In state taxes. Until the last session of the legislature they piled up more money than they could use, until several of ihem had enough money on hand to pay their teachers' salaries for years to come. Hut up der a constitutional umendment sub mitted last spring and carried by the people no county may pile up the money and those who have it on hand will receive no more until tho surplus Is used up, and then they can only re ceive the amount needed to pay the teachers, as contemplated by the fram ers of the constitution. There will undoubtedly be great op position to the proposed absolute Hep urn tlou of taxes, and it Is possible that a compromise will be arrived at whereby the sparsely settled counties will receive some aid from the state from a fund to bo created for that purpose. .' Under the partial separation plan LAURiUIVS Our new Fall Iross Goods arc now being displayed. The materials arc somo of the finest It has been our pleasure to offer for sale. T. K. Haw den Comer llccla street und Lake Linden Ave. Laurium Music School 126 Lake Linden. Ave., PROF. AUG. ESPEL. MISS ELEONORA ESPEL. Livery, feed nnd board'ng stable. Day and night service. Finest turn outs In town for nil occasions, l'hone C43. Collins & Wogncr. COPPER RANGE HARDWARE CO. Largest and most complete stock of plumbing and heating goods In Laur ium. Special attention given to re pairing, also a full lino of general hdwe., pa4nt8, oils, builders' Bupplles. COPPER CITY DOTTLING WORKS. Our .ft drinks are pure, healthful nnd Invigorating. Made by modern eanltary machinery, dnablJng w to quote epeclal to parties and entertain ments. Thone 141.' CHICAGO DECORATING CO. Artistic Interior decorating in mowt modern style. Taper hat.glng. tinting hardwood finishing. Tlcture framing, plate moulding, mirrors resllvered.fur nlturercflnlshod. F. Tentzold. Phone 387. CENTRAL HOTEL. Osceola Street, Iaurlum. Special rates hy week or month. Special attention to transclent trade. L. U DlateJ. Thone 267-1 CONFECTIONERY & FRUITS. A nice line of candles, fruits, canned goods, ond t!ie standard brands of Cigars and cigarettes. We manufac ture Ice cream. Wholesale or retail or ders. Mlchellnt A pertasso. Phone WEDDING INVITATIONS CALLING CARDS ANNOUNCEMENTS PRINTED OR ENGRAVED AT THE CALuwET NEW. LAUKIUM COMMERCIAL SCHOOL. proposed by the commls-don the pri mary school fund h coiistitpted ut present would bo untouched, but all corporations in the state would bo as sessed on thtlr "Intangible vuluatlon" whore now assessed for al purposes on their "tangible vulue."- This Mn tarflble quantity," according to the commission, would be the good will, patents, etc. The corporations would pay local taxes as at present, but would lu addition pay a state tax at the average rate for the state on the difference between the tangible and Intangible valuation. FOR WASTE PAPER. Take wire fencing, old or new.about thrt-i fut wide and four or live feet Jong. Lap the two raw edges togeth er, fastening the protruding wire se curely together. Set on circular end placing In bottom a piece of the fenc- Inir. indenting edges when fastening the bottom to the sides. Place in convenient corner of kitchen. Deposit nil papr and refuse, other than gar bage, collected from the whole hou e in thld big basket ' throughout the week. Once a week take Into alley or garden and burn paper while In bas ket. Any old piece of wire fencing u-iii rnstv. dllaoldated. or torn. This has saved me more stops than any other device. Smai; paper bas kets for each bedroom or living rooms can be made from the narrower fencing, any desired size, and they cost scarcely anything and are much more desirable than the cheap paste board kind, which soon necome soneu and useless. They can bo lined with nny shade of cloth to match the room. MANY COLORED MAPS. The engraving division of the United States Geological Survey printed dur ing the fiscal year, ending June 3", 1911, 7.2S3.S04 geologic, topographic. nnd other maps, many of them in sev- Fly Season Is Here Use an Electric Fan to keep them off the dining tabIe--8 inch $9.00 1-4 cent per hour to operate HOUGHTON COUNTY ELECTRIC LIGHT CO. OTE dtLSOIS BSTD&TE ITEIEIiFiriiniE'OTIDErvTArailG SCOTT ST. CALUMET MICH. TLCPHON BUSINESS DIRECTORY AUTOS TO RENT. By day or hour. Reasonable Kates. DUPONT GARAGE. Phono C30-J. ' What Do You Expect of Your Baker Good baking? Ch an shop? Modern equipment? Courteous salesjM'ople? This you may ut least expect of us if we are your bakers. Phono us your Fpecial orders. EGGEN & HOY t m. WE MAKE CLOTHES For Men and Women who appreciate the oppor tunity of securing more than ordinary' satisfaction at a price that is reason able. Pressing, Repairing und Clean ing. E. K. NEEB, Third St., Laurium. Go To GOURD BROS. For FRESH DRESSED POULTRY. HENS & SPRINGS.- HOSKINQ ELECTRIC CO, Don't roast over tho hot stove when you can do your Ironing with a new AMERICAN BEAUTY IRON. We are agents for It. Call and see them before buylngi HAIRDRESSING & SHAMPOOING. Drlng us your combings. We will make them Into switches. Parlors for electrical facial maae, manicuring an1 chiropody. McLaughlin & Kelly, over Faucett & GucVs oClca JOHNSON MILLINER. Heels street. A largo selccilon of the season's lat est creation In millinery Is being dis played, along wth atunnlnfl models from our own workrjofm. MACLEOD'S LIVERY STABLE. First class livery and prompt cab service day or night Hacks furnished for funerals and etc. Haggare hauled to and from trains. Special attention to boarders. Malcolm MacLeod. Phone 99. NATIONAL BILLIARD HALL. Six regulatkm billiard and pol ta bles that are kept In good condition, with good lights arnl courteous atten tion. Leading brands cigars and cigar ettes. Agts for Markham's box candles. NIELSON THE GROCER. We try to supply cr customers ey try wish and want by carrying a fresh line of fine groceries. Our quality Is hlgli. our prices low. Phone 417'. 316, OiceoU 0t j. . Don't Travel TO TALK IT OVER 1 . i Use the Bell LONG DISTANCE SERVICE Figure the Saving RAILROAD FARE 2 CENTS PER MILE EACH WAY. 1 CENT PER MILE ROUND TRIP. DESIDES YOUR TIME. oral colors, each requiring a ttparato impression. Some of the geologic maps require as many as 20 printings. Tho totul number of printings during tho year's work was probably not less than 45,000,000 or 50,000,000. J NORTH 41. ' M. E. O'BRIEN INSURANCE. Insurance if a good sound business propo'- and a man cannot Co Let ter In taking a life Insurance policy with the Detrotl Ufe Insurance Co. First Nat. IJonk Dtdg., Lurlum. PAULL'9 CASH MEAT MrmET. Choicest cuts of fresh and salt meats. Staple and fancy groceries, milk, but ter and eggs. Special discounts for cash. First class sausage of all kinds. Thus, paull. Phone 126. PENINSULA HEATING & PLB. CO. Let us figure on a heating plant for your home. Now Is the time to have it done. All work guaranteed. REYNOLD'S MEATS. Our meats are the Lest that are ob tainable. All are government Inspect ed and have our personal guarantee of freshness. Service prompt Phone 102. H. E. Sangster, D.D.S. Laurium, Mich. HEAVY DRAUGHT HORSES FOR SALE. saxby & Mcdonald. Stable Lake Linden Ave., Laurium. THE CIGAR Should be well s( looted get them sweet, but mild and full of flavor. Quality that counts for happiness. You will ilnd these in our l:in Patch cigar. M. W. SEIFERT. FRESH FRUITS A VEGETABLES RECEIVED EVERY DAY. USE YOUR PHONE. JOSEPH 8WYKERT, , , 1ST STREET. PHONE 436. THE THISTLE BAKERY. We mnke specialty of home mads; lrend and cake. Oct our bread toe tandwlchcsw Phone 141 for the flnet Scotch baking. John Dunlop, 427 ileo U flV. LAurlum. Jut In Carload of Draught and Driving Horses. Ssxby & MeDonald Stable, Lake Linden Ave., Laurium.