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f HI CALOMUT NEW.
Clir vfniumrt Xcuts
DAU-Y tXOfclPT 0UNDAT
Published hy the
MINING GAZETTE COMPANY.
M VT, Vol N'dn,
V M. I. YON',
II sini -m MatiaKi i
htlflj iit i hi 1001 dhVe at I'alumet.
Michigan, i- ..- md Class
Mail M uter .
:kms OF SUBSCRIPTION :
M ; M tirn-r.
oar. in advance
ar (not iii advance .
V1ON0AY. SEPTEMBER 29. 1913.
I "! i . -t -
r. is to e
It is said, this week. Ha is wait imt
MW in hand.
r savj . w hav.
aiiai tOO small T-ar
! p in mot nor.
mm fMB othot
...- f'-r him to ,
ipenod ip for
s ago General
t tion ;.- 1 t&ki ptai . ihougb 'I tl I la
i: w.ll mt le a candidate-.
rmnxa ttill proclaims d.ssaiisfac
n ana adviaos tha Conatit utlonnl iats
adopt the agpedient of non-pun:.
:ion. Tills i f arse, is on the theo
UmU if tlM) di, n- t take iiart in the
Ctloo ti'a-y will not he iiour.d hy its
ult. But it means ind i.n.ii pfOlOfe
ion f sti iie in MoxtOO if the CoMMi
R i U ail. d. are strong
Itftl la sffod that undesirable ob
t. The Latin American irreconcll-
e is lespons.ble fOT the menace of
t- iv "ha h is perennial in nearly
rj KHtion ol Latin America
. non eancer troatntont has come t .
fnoM in c-i many It has been ! -
NOW MJPJ JONE.5
NL MU.5-T HAVE.
ANp Mfe MtyiCSOe
yOu P HOT EATlMO
V VOOt? i - 'iy.
progress in other countries and wonder
Juet why Ma own government permit
ted U9 antiquated "fighting' ships tn
become the laughing stock of ths na
UOOfl Ai1inir.il Vwi hA been mak
tog .. .means.. ns in th.. memoirs which
Ik Iiu.h written, and he says of these
;hat "their .nly possible utility wax
li .something that would flxit fop of-
tlOSVS and men to cruise in in time
"I BOgM hiii I n- iii.ii .lir.,1 in hy a few
broadsides In time war." And In
i I ofi-m w-.ii.l. i. , during the
md "n ir boat ahouldBra out
: ujed puMk opinion would haw place l
ttM rsapoaMhIUty if there had been
war and nseiuent disaster." Pur
tunatel) we had a small )u t excellent
Reel win ii war did come. The people
! o ' MiMV m a navy of the utmost
ffli lency. Who ioubU that our posi
tion m the Mexi an trouhle is vastly
BtrMMRlMMMl by our formiilaMe Hi
THE BIG CITIES.
Recootly lha an tils sol i Im announi'ed
llMf Bari in has fmir million xptilution
Kpei M bfl the largest city In
tlM ITorM The fact is that, in part.
theao milliona are not all within th;
tnunic: -a! boundaries. The total Is
made h tncludlna the residenia of the
As :'.nik! go, tliat is a fair way to
I Kiu-o. It fe the same with the count
tMU Hives I.ndon fJW,(HK people.
York is practically one
but It is MMMMMsl of
boroucna and justly ctaiaa to bo the
l ' mi! en v Lavintr '. lli.tiilil
popukuion, nocording t figures that
are an estimate fir this year.
The B ires are impressive but. from
r ihe llutte Pist has sta-
- thai are of siguiiKan e in an
atirel) dittTtront way. One hundred
and tw.h,. j.ars ago three jxt cent
the le of tile I'nlted States
ities ur towns. Thlrt year-i
ago th.- urban pOfMMlioa had become
thirty per eat; today H is tlfty-three
por cer.t i me. tenth f our population
i Ked within the boundaries
: 'e fork, Chicago and Philadel
phia. Within twenty roan the city of Nev
York has IntTOMUd three millions in
popuJathM1 but during the decade the
number of cultivated acres in the atate
New York has. i t reported, heen
ledii . , !,- .;; on. ( f the state's
a.- rn:!:. i Oto, more than 71 per
live in -ities or towns. In New
X- .I-rse-. and Pennsylvania,
: the il ado . riding in 1 !, urban
. i i- Mwd nor than :;i pat
r.r out .n all ..f them, in that de-
tn rural population dlMdabJkad.
n l the same th. counti
The itatiatlei might he extended in
a way that would serve to make ap-
Ptai MM Of the causes Of the ill
's' COM of living. During this
nountry'i first ds ade our country's in-
n - .-. !.'.;ulati'n was about Jrt per
, etlt. but during that period the in
ft ' our cereal output was less
rhan two per cent. Wo don't produce
food enough In several .-astern .states
average la on.- man at work on
I :" red In North Buropo. the
tragi oi man to the acres. The
id growth of cities Is not an tin
1 is not otpot ially -ompllmentary
to Amern an oduoatOfl and state sys
teflU that the b.-st examples Of in
dustriaj schools m this country nre
IWOVlded for negroes and In
ln rn others ire to he found as
rehenaive nod Kutnajfy planned
rati nal COUra extending through
It is also pecutMur that In planning
for the masses, in providing for the
i '. the s'-hool system of the
Philippine Islands far excels that of
the gtataa wfella In the state the best
ationM svst..ms are to be found in
la for detinqueota and dafaetlvaa
raaaon for tins bowovaf, is sim-
e in plannlnt! and organizing these in
tnd faces, In
- rV C tl
i A l-Tn .
! MOfeE. )
FOR ARMY CORPS
Head of Signal Service Wants to
Strengthen Air Forces
Prm ii -- til. '
of Mriir. i n. leorjt.'
A . Ohiet SiRiial ttt
l suit' -men' has MM
S Si riven. I'. S.
f .if the armv.
Issued on aviation in the anny In tht
.ouis. oi which no i ratn. r muntiy ,
"' " " ,,vi,, "MMUM 't tj
ITnttsd Siat- s . wed strictly from a j
mi lltAri t amli mii m . m in a ithl.i '
condition. Tin statement is in a way
an appeal to fonirresa. The vuinernbil-
It) of the I'aii.itna CfeMl M MM i l
itt.u k is wltitetl i. ut and the prophe
cy is made that MhYMl na ic.mon is
n the point of assuminn enormous
An )!.. is L s . ri , ; Interest.
"in teaatd to nvintlan ' ma- ba
noted," the statement reads. "that
throughout the country the number of
civilians who have heretofore under
taken to !v he.ivier-thnn-air machines
for their own pleasure, for sport or for
money making is fast diminishing and
I that it is doubtful whether in the
I - . m . f war a score of men capabh-
f tolling tlights useful to an army
could be oh: -lined from civil life But
aviation, whit h may bi roaaldarad a
sport by the peoj.le ,,t the country at
large, li to the army a vital necessity.
The time lor serious effort in this
new military science is at hand.
Tl -ituatiou is critical and the
army notat, tor it- own protection, j strnte it efficiency, it may he that
Tain a sufficient number of its officers new corps will he added to the mili
in the handling of its aeroplanes and j lary forces; hut the time for the ere.
IM recoajMMMUMO work. The arm"ation of sej ante experimental force
must look tf Itself and to the men of I has not yel arrived. It Is to be re
the organized militia to supply a ma I HMMMMMMl that the science of the oja
sor.able number of officers for military rMtttfTMl the best efforts of the most
rotation In case of aaeeaaRy. ThtejltifMy tranol men in aerial engineer-
nocaoaity may arise a any moment. , ing. strength of material, constrnc
It is no; question so mu. h of sup-j tlon. ccmnoslt'on and testing of en
plying iators f. r a great war a. it j gines. ,mes of radln-tet. -graphy. knowl-
..- mi suiij.i.v in inese military scouts
to accompany expeditionary fofOM r
any military niov.-meni that mav be
iindartnhan. and is., to provide . -number
for li -r dofeMM from
aerial aitack of such vulnerable posi
tions as COCTedrtdM1 Island. In the Phil
ippines, and the Panama t'anal.
Fiald Has Great Possibilities.
"The work performed by the Signal
fixing courses and establishing the
ayatOga, those responsible were not
hampered by generations of pre.e
dent, of tradition, or prejudice and of
habit. They did not MiVfl to uganM any
' uiidation nor haul out of ruts.
As PeauH ihe Phili.pine system
now atTera a nadba to this -oiintry.
(omments the Dttlutb Nawa Tribune,
in brief it providaa courses through th.-
fourth grade which vary little fpOM o,tr
own nave In emnhoslslna indnatrtal
i-rk. and supervised ns-reation. Kv. ry
hiid from tin- lirst yoar has theee two
subjects music and drawing ate added
m the aeond year. alisthenlcs in the
third and hvgien.- and sanitation In
Bui with the fifth year the courses
definitely differentiate. Six courses ar
IWOVided: Vint, one af four years
which may be calhsl the cultural or
rwofesatonaj courae, hading to the
high aohoal and traditional nrtltiji
courses, The others propara for teach
ing, farming, the trades, housekeeping
and household arts, and business.
This early ipeelallMttloai prepares
what would ba the eighth grade gradu
ate m this ' ouatry, to have an aara
Ut val ue. There as Iv re most if the
pupila stop with g preparation that
counts In what Is to be their every
da j work here they have what is Mora
to merely mak.- them dlaaaUaflsd
It would seem that now the time
wna al last rips for some state t., gaka
the bad and adopt the educational sys
tem, framed for other races, to the
' hlWren of our own raoo, it would
seem thai the tim. had caanc for ad-
inatlon as a royal roa to emphasize
that th only motive poWSC along that
road was doing better than any one
lee the daily task whatever it may
that culture was not Bote kin to
Idli neon, tlM manicurist or the tailor,
and thai service or nccosnpttahtneni la
mean substitute at bast in fair
measure, for cash.
Sing Right ooT
NOw - twe'5
UDTS MERE . MRS
Pug, do Eat
I. ( Mli Hii c ws.. . t-.
--s " rwKC
ffU, -uva.'N PASTING y
lima ' -
Corps In aviation during th' Past tew
years has been inconspicuous, but It
has been verv freer something ha,
hen ofHtM from nothing ince the
ummer of fts when OrvtHe Wright
l im l d.-il hi Inning a boaua of t
. Bated (y ir Signal Chrps fur I Murhr
of live miles MM and live miles MM ix
from Kort Vyer. Va. Much data MM
ri.s-n unuinii'.: i m the strength ot ma
terials, aerial forces, uses of radio
telegraph im applied to aeronautic,
hut llliml of ail the knowledge of en
gines for naroplanss and Im PMMM
tvpes of th. s. MtlMH luvr heen
carefully w.irkf.i out an. I valuable re
Mills have been obtainel ihrouirh the
t1Tonf, ,)f MBrera ,)f .h(, Hlfnn krt
.,n, tiu Hl nMDfM , with them.)" rnxwh " " IMMMlf CMMM M to a
Everything h ppi ,.Arvi nAW f(ir r.ipi() ,i,.SII, , prilMri bar adequately ft
progress and practieal rWURa it th '"'r w"rl MMM. That is, at any
ncourasjt tesn ,tk..t from nangioaal
II t Vteuileil
tile i?e r 0Mn III Ol tilt
pA vlaat ion of
air is something
new under the sun.' but it MMMbMMl
to assume enormou.- OTOfKMrtioM I'ew
douhi that we are on the verge of de
IMtaplMl a great new science. It is no
'tine MMt to nwiki' e;.. ruiienial
clMMPNSi vsh.. tever the future ma . do
.lop ii regard to the organization of
: separate tor On, This may cm. and
may r ally be the fourth arm of the
servic; )ut noc we are crossing the
streMii and ii is no time to swan
otses or to make changes which will
certainly cost the course of military
aviation many years of delay.
Sc snce Requires Trained Men.
It is believed that the navigation of
the air WlM he developed into a ..,u
erful military fOfVe und when thepre
liminary steps have been carried to
nun ronviueKm ami the present tya-1 aervlcea to New York will he maln
tem. which is progressing rapidly, j lamed Jointly by vessels belonging to
.hall MMN had the chance to demon-1 the White Star line, the American
enue ot recnnnojssa s -. no t.-ond. tiv
and i botoajraphy: in short, trained
and experienced men in or beyond
middle life are required in the devel
opment of aeronautics of the future. I
and in connection with the use of the
dirigible th highest degree of engl-l
neering sclenci and expert knowleddi
Of certain phases of chemistry.
"The pilot of tlM aempla.no. for
w hom We all have the high, -t respect,
is the he-hting man of the machine. He
is the man behind the gun. but from
he nature of things he must be a
koung, venturesome officer, generally
without the knowledge of administra
tive and technical matters, which ,.,ii
only come with ram of experience
and st ii y, and tin n only to tnen of
n certnn ty. op mentsHty."
425.000 AMERICANS MOST
PAY THE INCOME TAX
Washington. Sent.. Accord ins to
estimates i. trcafsury eaperts lie (MM
American e'ltiaona mual keep such a--
urate account of their income this
year that the will be aid,, t,, resirt
to the income tax collector next spring
exactly how much mOTMt) lhe owe the
government under the new income tax
So far as the taxable American Is
concerned, the income tax law hi now
practically in fore,- against him. While
the tariff i.iii in which the law l em
bodied win not be signed until nexi
we, k tha first returns must ba mad.
t. the internal revenue collector on
before March i. 114. But, whan tin
returns are made, they will cover th
Inoome r citizens from Mareh I, ItlS,
to December tl, and the first payment
oi tax will he formal I) received during
BverS single person (citizen or for
eign resident) whose annual income
saCBSds M,dM and very married per
son with an Income above $4. nun Is
expected to report his or a r receipts
ami declare t.. th. gnvernmenl sgenl
March l of each yar. The aatiaaates
completed today Indicate thai tha in
coma tax will produce ft3,2tI,0O0 from
the itft,hoc peraoaui taxed. To thla win
be added the $M,000t00fl or mors pro
B hi. h
by the present corporation tax
is continued as part of the law.
THE BLIND VOTE
Blind people ar. asking for a cur
rency adapted t their necessities As
there are 4,7n of them in the official
reports, their request deserves aoane
consldera t ion. l 'hlcago News.
Mrs. Winifred Jenkins of Port
Dodge, la., Is Mdl Mm deplores pres
ent feminine fashions.
THAT X V
i 50m J
TO LAY UP OCEAN
Economic Streak Prompts White
London, Set 1 he n . ision
f th - White Star Ilnr to lay up the
steamer fMymnit for six weeks from
th -nd of number is probably .In.
rata, i conclusion which may h rea-
snnably drawn from tlM ntd that iim
ng No,. Mii r and Dvcenmrr tha Ram
btlH - A ai. ri an lin
llllperatof Is al
M to b. taken off hi each case the
Hay m port MMMM to te rather pffO
longed for ves.-es representing s
much Band capital. The ships MM cer
tainly t ig .ami their quarter for pas
. unci . ;,r, extensive thai their- re
nOVattOM is MM i task which can he
uccomc! sh. satisfactorily in weeu
even in month. BUli at a jiush
the work might he got Htnuifftl in eejry
much less Una than ipi eats to he m
these instincts alloi-ated to it.
The i tarrnnged sailings of the lines
which are based upon Southampton
go to show, however, that leviathan
liners nay he. without detriment n
their oroaoMy, laid up foe part of
the year. Between December and
March the Wednesday and Haturdav
line, in. I the Atlantic Transport line,
im Wednesdays srli) leave either g
White Mar vess. of an American ves
sel, or an Atlantic Traaspt ri reeaaL
With the aid of the ships which are
based upon Lomion the full service
win, theraforSi be maintained, but in
much smaller vessels, whose conrde-
ments arc nothing ilka thai dt the
Olympic and are yet quits aileuuatc
to me. the .b mands oi ihe trattlc of
fering. No doubt similar causes oper
ate in the case of the Imper.itor, al
though in the absence of full details
i the Hamburg-American winter nail-
liiticiiit actually to say.
WH7 T OTHER
Subscribers Are Invitsd to Con
tributs to this Column. A
communicstion should be
signsd by ths writer's own
name, not necessarily for pub
lication, but as evidsnce of
Calumst, Mich., Sept. sp, i fit,
EMitor News:- The prhanpal .i unit
ing or combining Is all right. A com
bination among workmen engaged In
the sain, occupation or trade is com-
mendabls when tha methods adopted
by that union ar In accordance with
true American democracy where tha
people are properly repreaented bj
C.oi'-feiirlng. liberty -loving and law
Tha great Ideal teacher, Jesus Chrisi
lb that is not with in. is
ma ami he thai aatheretb not
with me, BCatteretb abroad." How
Can are expect good WlH toward men
and confidence ami mutual relations
to rettm If UM spirit and act ions of
these ; gitatols an- gOUSg to continue
to dominati ur comm unity?
They do id repreasni b large portion
of this county. The writer worked In
a shaft with six different nationalities
and not one who had worked six
months and more, including min.-r.-,
tlmbermen and trammels, .1S a union
man -ltd one per cut. What light
had any m.ui or number of men to
communicate with our employers re
garding our wages, etc, without our
knowle Ige OT Consent 7 Where does iln-
"people rub" come in? is thla true
A mi 1 1. an ism?
It is certain that the evils Of a
Community can ba controlled to a large
Xlent by the combined efforts Of tin
bett.-r . lemeal - of the populace and
if such elements attack it with a C m
monaenss methods-, the time may no)
be far distant when WC I an , njoy
harmony and peace. 'A Miner.
In PM7, acordlng to a scientist, this
a 111 be a baby leas world. We have
sev-ral red apples to wager that this
awful prod let Ion artll ba Falsified bj
the facts. A av lakers'' -Chicago lb -
f .r-rr- s?
I "CM- O
Sir Oliver Lodtfe Says Science
Will Solve WorldV Riddles
w of tin- greatest riddles of
torminatloa Bcienca has long locked horns with these most puatling
of the WOrM'l problems, but without wry definite or satisfactory
suits, 'l his is whi the recent remsrka af sir niiv. i i...i..
- . ...... . yi csiuri
afthaBrltl b Issodatlon For the Advi imaat of cloaca, ah these topici
as treaoaly tntareatina; air Ollrer stated that ba fell cieatlats aera itarted
the toad to tha solution of the qUaatSbn, "Is there Ufa beyond the gniNe'.- lit-
said he tboofhl aehmea would aaawer this deepest of ail of iifev pnaslea Ra
gsnlliig the predetermination of e.v. he -uid science was still Hs much in the
dark on Hint subject as H was OB the other, the dalmi of BOOM cxpetinienters
to the contrary, bat he thought ibis question would be solved through observe
tlon nd agpertmentatlon t plant life.
ARRIVALS OF THE STORK.
Births recently reported to Town
bhip t'l- rk Oaerge Martin are as fol
io we; .Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Chap :
Wolverine, a dauarhtar; Mr, and lira,
Louis Ii. Mont. (Shoes borne s in Ou
lntb. a son. Mi. and Mis. Kdw.,1 1 p
Daddy s Bedtime
Edna and Her
Doll Family Arr
kCK nud Evelyn knew by the grin
fanny to tell them.
"Most little boys ainl ftrll like to have their iif-tures tnkeii, especially
If the pictures make them look nice," said he.
"Florrle and Miml bad theirs taken tha other day by the Neighbor
it was a charming picture, and little Bdna, who had fatal off and hidden he
loud some buahea, was qulta sorrj she wasn't In it.
-The 00X1 time she saw tht NaUfhbor l.ady she told her to be sure to come
down soma day with her camera.
'I'm goto' have my pitcher tOOkeU, too,' Edna explained.
"The Neighbor l.ady s.-iil she vvas sure to 0OBM as soon as she could, and
so she did.
it was a pleasanl afternoon when she came down the road with her
catnetn, nud the three children were in the yard.
"BdJM did led run away and hide, as ihe generally does when neighbors
come in. Of course the Neighbor l.ady is not much of a stranger, but one of
Edna's favorite games play ing pretend.
"Her sisters had told her thai If she ran away she could not get her pi
tnrc taken, so tha little giil sat very qolotlj on Hie garden btfJCh with her
" She looks nice there, doesn't ShaT the Neighbor Lady said to the chil
dren's mother. 'Suppose we take her picture with her dolly'
"Bui Bdna had ideas of her own us to how she wanted her picture done
" "Want picture tooken with other dot I lea.' Bdna insisted
"Then 1 lorrla and Miml began bringing out dolN and piling them up around
Bdna. There was the Fren h doll, the doll with curly eyeaiahea, the .loll with
""" t(l " with naif a head, the doll thai would Boat, tha rag doll, the
0 loll, the boy doll, the Colored Dinah doll ami many more.
They couldn't stand the .olli,.s In row on the -eat with Bdna be,.;u
the row would DSTa been too long to get int.. tlm pMtara, so thev sfood them
tip and draped them over the hack of the seat
The Neighbor l.ady tried to coax Bdna to have QSt the best looking doll-
t' "" '0l Bdna was flrm. It should be all or none of them.
So ihe Neighbor ...,dy hurried and mapped Ihe eaiiiera. and the pieturo
"And when it was finished Bdtta was qeJta put out begtajsj the dollies on
the ends of (he I'ow had nol KOl Info (he picture.
"And now -he sav he will MtVer have her picture 'tooken' nnv more"
the universe are Lmnaorteiits ami a.
(Eustace of Canada, a son; Mr
Mrs. Alex Kocis of CoppM City,
daughter .uni Mr, uni Mrs. fharl
Pu.tia ..f isdn Portland street, a son
Prince gjdward island has ji.i.tl'k in
habitants ttnd I7::r.i; acres in Belt1
The Dolls Were Placed
on daddy's face fhnt he had something