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THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1914.
THE CALUMET NEWS CAVALRY NEEDS 2,000 HORSES England Stripped U. S. of Mounts During Boer War l,rt RaaO, nkla., July !. The MV iiv (iiviMinii of Um United tntee ur- ,,, v in jiructloally in foot. A mot) t li iiH.i Hide WUH il HhortUKe e.f L',000 iKHHt'S if the desired type for Una bniii'h of the service, orders from llir war depurtment h;ic heen ro icivctl at the Fort MM remount de pot lor the iniiiHiliiit.' purclia.se t 1, M imiBes for service in Mexico. There were only 700 head on hand at the de j,,,t, which compels ('apt. William S. V, dentine, the cmiimaieler t" enter UM open market for raw, undisciplined hlNTMl which will have tO le trained in the held, a handicap which i he re mount (le'"t was intended to over come. Difficulties are adiled to the situa tion by tlx" feci that the preferred light type of horses lor cavalry service is Idly disappearing in this country. In time of peace, the horse equipment ,,f the army is about 1.-0.000 supplied at I he rate of L',000 a year. A war foot Inf number Jump the number to 50,000 t,, he followed by a compl- te new is sue every six months, or n BOMttWp' non of from 100,000 to K.O.Oon horses u year. Stripped U. S. of Horses. At the bOgtOttllH of the Civil war BO cavalry in the world were better mounted than ours, hut in the hist ..-, vears the brooding of drought horses has practically displaced th hreedinn of tlie Unlit type .and durin the Boor war Bngland prsctlcell) tripped the United states of csvnlrj iiorses Beside, the automobile has been unfriendly to the saddle type i horse. Several years a so congress nam tinned the use of abandoned militar nonts as remount depots w here horses of the preferred type, bought In tlu nnen market, could bo trained for the different hranches of the army service Thn lirst remount depot was estab lished at Poll Heno In I fOt; later sim ilar deoots was established at I'ort Kaosrh. Montana, and I'ort Royal, Va The depot at Fort Reno is the largoat ill embrace! 10,000 acres of fertw land. The old barracks were chair; - e.l into staliles and new stahles Wen bttllt, until the present capacity tlie dipot is l.UOO horses, which may be greatly increased if necessary There ale K pastures of 1 acres each, equipped with windmills, pumps nml shelter sheds. The veterinary hos pital IS said to he the most perfectly equipped institution of the kind in this country, if not in the world. Kvcry ipproved phase of modern veterinary I in e has been utilized. A depot fern of r..ouo acres is cultivated each lesson, the principal crops being al falfa. kafflr and ha v. The hay is cut end stored in shells having capoelt) of "),000 tons. Untrained Animals Bought. Horses are hoimht in the open inn l.i. tlie vouimer heiny three yt ars nlil Alwavs. however, tin re is a short age of horses, though buyers are trav ellng constantly in MOttOM where the light type horse is found. Prefer ably untrained horses are bought Thcv are readv for service when four yean old. Forty or r.o experienced men. mostly farmers and forme;- cowboys, are sm ployed in "gentling the horses. The purpose is not to train them in mili tary evolutions; this is done after the horses reach the different troops and regiment's. The gentling consists In rein-chocking the horse, teaching it In obey Implicitly when comma niled to move or stand still, and to be moon ted from behind Of from cither side. . Harshness or cruelty in any form is strictly forbidden and trainers are discharged for violation of this rule. There is no broncho busting. The trainers are hardy, patient men. and they handle their horses as they would a child. Most horses respond quickly to this method and show much affection for their trainers. The train eri at the start were most civilians; no enlisted men are doing the work. hospital and a comfort a blc living . are provided for them. Shortage is Increasing. !ut these remount depots have not ielved the problem of remount. The rj;ht lype of horse must be bred. In feuropean countries, especially Prus sia they breed horses for army pur poses, inn Congress has not ye"t con tented to establish a breeding farm. August Belmont and B. B. Caseatt sent a number of their famous thor ough -bred stallions to Front Hoy.il for free service, Mr. Belmont's offering belna Kennr of Navarre mid Octagon. TIN government has options on eolis when :t years old, the prict be flood by a committee. the to Houston, Tex. pa vlna Mocks, will make Its own ANNOUNCEMENT I hereby announct myself as s candidate for the re-nomination to the office of Sheriff of Hough ton County and respectfully so licit the support and influence of the voters st the primsris. Au gust 25th. JAMES A. CRUSE LOST TRADE SECRETS .Numerous ure the trade secrets handed down generation by generation from father to son. and vast is the capital made out of some of them In the commercial world of toduy. I'artn uluii, perhap.i, is tills the case among the numerous manufacturers of piiiuant sau. e and the countless ven dors of patent medicines. Hut there is also, It must be remem bered, another side to the case. Many, alas! are the priceless trade secrets buried far down below the moldering dust of the misty past, und lost to the world, perchance OOVOf again to be re covered. , To cite the llrst example that occurs to the mind of the writer, saya An SUrOrSi fof instance, what would a Royal academician of the present day alee to be possessed of the secret held by the old masters Hnphacl, Kubeiis, COTfO gM Van Dyek und their compeers for mixing their oedOTS so as to render them imperishable and Impervious to the ravages of time? The red colors, especially, of these artists of a bygone epoch ure every whit as bright now us they were three long centuries ago. on the contrary, the colors of pictures painted only M years ago have lost their luster. AgOla, in the world of music, the manufacturers of violins -old masters as one may justifiably term them, in another branch of art treasured a re cipe for a varnish that sank into the wood of their incomparable instru ments, and BSOllOWed it as well as pre served it. RathOff more than one hundred year; ago there lived in a iuaini old world village in Wales a srorklna blacksmith Srhe had managed by some means Off other, to bring the welding of steel to such a pitch of perfection that tin Joint was absolutely inv isible, and the temper of the steel as tine as on the day it left the testers hands. By his process he was able to join the very Unset of sword blades, ami .after In hail Hnloaod with them thej were ab solutely as good and as sound as when they had hit the factory. The blacksmith's fame spread fa and wide and. naturally enough, he at tamed a great reputation, but he modi a point of invariably working in soli tude. He was offered huge and tempt ing sums to divulge his secret, but kop it obstinately to himself, and when hi Span of life had run its course he took it Uh him to another world. 1 he ancient Qrceks had a substaiKa which we i all Greek tire and whic they used in naval warfare. Their method of employing it STS simply this-to throw th.- substanc upon the surface of the water, whert it llamed up and set tire to the ship or the enemy. What was it V The onh known substunce of the pro-cut dav 'hat would do this is the metal potas sium; but to set tire to a ship in the manner described would necessitate use of at least half a ton at this metal V llele did the ( reeks obtain the sub- Stanos which they used with ItfBh ef recti or how did tiny make it? if Greek lire was potassium, the secret of the process is another that must M numbered with the loot I he man who could disinter the bur ied recipe for Roman mortar srouM tx uowea down t,. and worshiped bv tin builders Of the present day. Mow th made it is a profound secret and bids bids fair to remain so. i no moriar is as lirm as it was 2. years ago. It has calmly scoffed at tlu ravages of time and weather. SULGRAVE MANOR. nne Wharton Writes of Ennliih Home of Washington's Ancestors. By crossing a field we entered tin ourt upon which kitchen and ebb door DOtn open. The house Is of limestone in fairly good preservation i no eitiier only a portion of the old bulls,' lias been preserved or it was never completed according to LaW rence Washington s original oian which makes it appear odd in stvle ind architecture. The court from which ere entered is not the front of the house, as the great door is on the other side, facing to the South i t. and leads into what was once a irge hall, now divided into dairy and living room. When Washington Irving visited the manor house he noticed the Washington crest (the raven or eagle wings) In colored gins on a window f what entl then used as a buttery. He says that another window, on which the entire family arms was emblazoned, had been removed Kir Henry Drayton, a local genealogist of cpute, referred to two similar COBS' positions in the possession of Lady H a tuner, which are known to have ome from the .Manor house at Sul- grave, ami others at paweiej church, presumably from the same place. Sulgrave manor is now little BtOffl thin a farm house, yet there are many indications that it was a build ing of si. -I- and importance in its day. Over the front entrance is a shield embossed in plaster, now quite indis- inct, said to have once borne the Washington arms. Above this shield In the fable the royal arms, with a lion and griffin, or dragon, as sup porters, and in the MM embossed plaster work are the initials K i: not Kdward Hex. but Flizaboth lie -gina. In the two spandrels of this principal door are the Washington arms with the mullets or stars and the b.us sunk instead or relieved, and in the apex of the gable the arms again appear above the royal arms This door leads Into the hall, on one side of which Is the living room with large windows from which the mul llons have been removed. C M Harness, preacher, was mob bed in Kokomo. Ind., the other dav the outcome of s scandal. a x Ouxm has ,1T persona. a total population of 12. Q eorgO Rae recently rowed ?0(l miles from Keokuk. la., tO Sl l.ouis. JESUITS PLAN BIG CAMPAIGN Priests of Many U. P. Churches to Conduct Institutional Work All Mary1 of the Jesuit priests of St. 1 chun h as well as of manv of the other Catholic churches in the upper peninsula are about to leave Moon, for the purpose of carrying on institutional work in different parts of the country, says the Soo .News. Just when the change will take place in the Son has not been determined as yet, but it will be soon. Th. Jesuits have had a long and varied history in the Son. In fact they were in reality the founders of the first settlement here. The iirst Jeauit missionaries to visit this point were Fathers Ifaymbault and Jogues, In 1641, coming here with a band of In dians from the I.ak, Huron country. They erected a large cross at the rapids of the St. Mary's river. They returned to Quebec to spend tlie win ter, where Father Raymbault died. The second missionary to reach the Soo was Father Heiie Menard, in Oc tober. IfifiO. He perished I he year aft er at the headwaters of the !:lack river. Allouez Appears on Scene. Hut to Father Allouez really belongs the credit for establishing the iirst mission at the Soo. He oBSM here in 1665 and on his return to Quebec argued so strongly the necessity of es tablishing n permanent mission at this point that he received encouragement. One of the youngest missionaries was selected for the post. He was Father ManqnotM, of whom much has been Written In song and story. Father Marquette oases to the Moo in April, le, With the aid of si. in.' Fren. li settlers who had established them- selves here for Hither Marquette mission buildings, be learned, these site of the present trading purposes, erected the ' 'first As nearly ns can were built on the government park. Early in 1171 l athers Gabriel Droul Hette and Louis Andre were sent to the Soo. A severe plague had broken out among the Indians, and it was during this plague that Father Droul llette was Initiated into the work, kndre had been detailed to work among the AlgOnqilinOi and worked with that tribe for two years. Missionary Plans Aborted. In l;:t an Incident took place which all but destroyed th" hopes for peace with the Sioux Indians, who had been making war with he Other tribes here, who were more peaecfullv Inclined. It had been the plan of the Roo mis sionaries, who had been so faithful In their ministrations to tin local tribes, to enter the country of the Soo for like purposes, but this project had to be given up indefinitely. During these years of the seventies, the mission at thr So., bid a tetn- peetuoua existence, because of tin troubles among Indians, French and RngHeh. In fact, the Soo settlement aecame so renin eit lor M'veral rears that only a few wigwams wen- left on the shores near the rapids. Jesuits passed and repassed, but not one con sidered it necessary to settle here in 1R1!0 there were only M houses hei with five or six FTenctl and Indian families. Several Attempts Made in 1821. The next attempt at founding mission nere is roconioii m tlie ac count of a baptism performed here by one Father Dumoulln. Tins wag Fiiz- SSOth, '.'1 years of age, wife of I-Yan- is i. Hondo. Later, Father immouiin was credited With three more bap isms, one being November It, idfl, From lj:t. however, the Jesuits took encouragement and the hie ory of Sa nit Ste. Marie teems with alius ions to their good works anion; the settlers and the Indians of the vicin ity, There was no established nils- ion, though, until In the summer of is:t4. Father Francis Haetscher, e Re- demptorist, became resident pastor. He built a .small log chapel. ',itln.li. ind non-Catholic went to his assist ince and a generous retention was i .. rded him. The chapel was wick ed, however, by two Jealous local preachers, according to the history of tlie parish. First Church Built in 1837. In 1 s:i7 a church was erected here and at about this time the iirst paro chial school was established. It Stood the vacant ht between the side walk and the site of the present hurch, it was ?r foot by 4." (bet In dimensions and of dd idedlv uniipie Detract loa, To Father Men ie- longS the credit for the erection of this church and the establishing of the school. From that time the growth and prosperity of the Jesuit activities in the Soo Were resumed. It is hut fair and just tn say thai to the Jesuit order DOlongS much praise for the pacification and christ- inizing of the savage tribes of this section. It is not to their disgrace that tin- mission was abandoned, but be uise of the fact that the location be ing a warring ground ior ine various inteiests here, it was impossible to OadllCt religious work with any de- gree ol sin cess. .Missionary auer mis sionary came, labored and went awav broken in spirit and discouraged, They red the seed, however, which later bore splendid fruit. LYRIC THEATER -TONIGHT- THE PERILS OF PAULINE 7th Instsllment. Laurium Department PREPARE TRACK FOR AUTO RACES Work Started Today by Park Man agement A. A. A. Sanction Work was Started by the man igsj ment of the Laurium driving park today to prepare the park for the au tomobile races whit h will he conduct ed there on Sunday, July If, promoted by RamOS Ma. Donald, the wa ll known automobile racer of (irand lta ids and i'alumet. The track will be dragged rolled and put in llrst class condition and the turns also will be given steeper pitch. No dHRculty is antici pated in plaeiiiK the park in llrst class condition before the dute m t for th races. it is announced that the American Automobile association lias granb its sanction to the races and that any records hung up by the speed demon? who will complete there, among them LOUhl Disbrow, RtJdtO Hearne, J Ralmey, Dutch Hetneman and Ma - Donald, will he recognised as official by the association. 'Hare hevil IfacDonalCtS Maxwell racing car will arrive here early next week und the other drivers will bring their racing cars with them. After this nice, lit lie work will b nSCSSOary on the track for the novel aeroplane-automobile race to be stag ed here August 1 und by the Auto poloplane company of Chicago, which com any has recently signed contracts tor appearance here on those dates. This feature should be a decidedly novel one. it is propeaed t. stags race between an aeroplane and three or four automobiles, the airship Hying low and Circling the track just above the speeding autos. or ahead of them, if it can outsrlp them. It is possible two aeroplanes will be brought to the copper Country for these exhibitions. as the company controls two and if circumstances warrant both will be brought here. WED AT SACRED HEART. Mi3s Mayme Ghcna Becomes the Bride of John Barth. The acted Heart church was the scene of a very pretty marriage yester day morning when Miss Mayme Ghetto, dau-liter of Mr. and Mrs. Trefela Qhena of Rockland street, became th, bride df John Rant! of Hougbton( ;i conductor employed by the Copper Range road. Rot, FY, Basil pastor of the church, oflMRlted; arid the mar riage was witnessed by a large num ber of the friends and relatives of the young people, The bride was becomlnsly attired In white satin, trimmed with Trish point lace ami ornamented with pearl. Her veil was oaughl with orange btOS SOSBSj and she cairicd a bridal bOUQUOt of white roses, also u while . raver book. .Miss Florence R Beeuchene was maid of honor, and wore black silk, trimmed with shadow lace, also a Mach picture bat. She carried pink carnations, William Qhena, a brother of the bride was best man. Little So phie Wagner acted as ring bearer and looked very pretty In a pink crepe ds rhenOi with shadodj lace. RkO carried the ring in the midst of a large bOU qoet of whits rosso. Following the eeremony weddlna dinner was sarVed at the home of the bride, and a reception followed. Mr. and Mis. Faith hews departed on a honeymoon trip to tower lake potato and on their return will make their home at Houghtoa. Among the out of town guests at the marriage ware .Mr. and Mis. Alex Rarth of Hough; hi, Mr. and Mrs. Jos eph Rartn of Denver, Henry end win Rarth of Houghton and Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Orahek of Houghtph. Positive Relief from the BufT-ring caused by dis ordered conditions of the orpana of dijrestion and elimination from Indigestion and biliousness always secured by the aafe, certain and gcntlu action of 's Pills Sold everywhere. In boxes, ICc, 25c THE LOJVDON HOSPITAL says that "Beer is par excellence, the nutritive alcoholic beverage When a man drinks Beer, he drinks and cats at the same time, just as when he eats a bowl of soup." Bosch's Beer will add zest to your meals. Telephone for nearest branch. ( BSS to the BOSCH BREWING COMPANY LAKE LINDEN, MICH. Branches at Calumet, Hancock, South Range, Mich. FIREMEN WILL MEET. Final Preparations Fo Tournament to Come Up Next Week. At tlM regular meeting of the Luur- Issjsj lire dopartmeeM to as in id next Tm-sdav ssssgtnsj; ttnul BOOfS rations for the llremen's tournament for the up per peninsula, to he held at Ishpsilag AuKust 1.', u and U Br!U eosae up. A committee has sJjreadj BOOfl SjSjJsOi fcS teVOOttgate Special raten and to secure rail arnosnmndstlon for thu nip to lehpesahsg and probably win not sritfe a similar ftnmgllttSS fjRMB the Rod Jm ket department so that if it found convenience the two parties may travel together. Secretary John RnoCbtgOS has made application to reset ve hotel aci omtno- datlons for fifteen men at shpontlod and probably win receive an ana wee before th mectlnK to he held essti week. At lean that number will make the trip to the HsmOtltS city. TO ELKS' CONVENTION. teasOS T. Fisher, cxalter ruler of the ' alt inet lodgS of gjQtS and delegate U the national convention at Denver, will leave this evening for that athtring. The convention will he in progress July 14, and Hi and promises to prove otie of tiie mist Intereetiai na tional Kutherings in the history of the order. v v ! d) 4) ! LAURIUM BREVITIES. 'lie ItoCabe Memorial liihle eluss of the Lanrlun m. R. Rundsjr sehoel u hohi its BAonthly business msstlng iur. evening, i Fred Hoar of ArlSOUa, who is tem porarily ssaklna his residence in nvougnton, -, isitt.i h re yesterday. Mi Hoar hi the former superintendent o the i.. R, it a. .Mr. and Vrs. Walter Timmons a Menominee ore guests at tin- in me o Mrs. Tlnunone' Rrlck Ilea tun. parents, Mr. and M, DRINK AND THE NAVY. A I rOpOS of Secretary PanlsIS tabltahnaenl of a teetotal navy. In- Hiram Corson Rftloon, the soonoralot, said in an addreos in Ptttobnrgh, "Well, vpenkiug as an e onomist, 1 think the new order will do good. They don't k t any too much pay, you know, In the navy. "They tell a story about a young fellow v. ho wanted to enlist. He mane Inquiries at the naval recruiting office and learned that the vv..rk was hard ind the recompense slight. The re TUltlng Sergeant then asked him sternly : "Do you drink, young fellow?" "If I'm .-apposed to drink,' the recruit replied, TH have to get more pay, .New rork Tribune, AMUSEMENTS. THE PERILS OF PAULINE 7th Installment. "TANGO Biogrrph FLATS ' Comedy. "THE ROMANCE OF THE FOREST RESERVES" "THE NURSE AND THE COUNTERFEITERS" Kalem Drama TOMORROW IS AMATEUR NIGHT. COMING SATURDAY 8 REEL PROGRAM I Hot Shot Batteries Have you ever had trouble with hose connection between the cells in your dry batteries? Mighty annoying wasn't it 7 Why not buy a unit battery, with rigid sealed connection. The Hot Shot is low in cost and saves you trouble, worry and loss of time hunting for poor connection. It is moisture proof. Carried in jtock by Hosking Electric Company lyric EaITrIUM MICHIGAN" i A Unusual Hat Values to $6.00 on Sale Tomorrow 98c YOUR CHOICE They come in Black Hemp?, Tagitls, Milan Hemps and Burnt Leghorns. All Burnt and Colored Untrimmed Hats VALUES TO $3.00 AMUSEMENTS. Royal Theater Xcxt to the Post Office TONIGHT OUR Vitagraph Two IJim'I Sj)ecial THE MILLION DOLLAR MYSTERY TWO NICHTS AND TWO MATINEES COMMENCING SATURDAY THE GENERAL THE GAMBLERS" es IN F ve NEXT WEEK. COMMENCING MONDAY "SANTANELLI Hypnotist and PRICES: 10 AND 20 CENTS. MATINEE 10 CENTS. PEOPLES The greatest s ole splitter of the age Sterling in LOVE AND VENGENCE 30 minutes of laughter. AND ANOTHER GOOD FEATURE PICTURES. Untrimmed Sale -ONLY- 7 AMUSEMENTS. E. G. Richards. Mr. Mirth Provoking Comedy FAIRY PLAY Third nstallment. Doors 6:45. Begin 7 O'clock. JULY 11 FILM (Inc.) Prersnts Parts. Magioian THEATER with the great Comedy Star Ford