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THE CiLLUMET N r r S SATURDAY, AUGUST 29, 1914. Founded lfcM Published by the MINING GAZETTE COMPANY. DAILY BXCfcPT BUNDAY. v w rOUNOC, fcJditor. W. M. LYl 1 N Business M.inaKiT. Entered at the egg irael Mlchisan, as Second Class Mail Mailer TLLLPllcNLS. Business office fcditoiiul Looms 20S 4 TbiUMs 1 1 1 ' M BCRIPTION; By Mail or Carrier. Per war, la advance 15.00 Per year, not in advance a0 Per month 50 Blnglc esue 05 Complaints ol irregulatity in deliv ry will receive prompt and thorough nr. M.fcation. Any delay in delivery of The Newt should be reported to this office for correction. Ordinarily every subscriber on a earner route should have his pa per before 6 P. M. SATURDAY. AUGUST J9. 1914. NOT GUILTY. Twenty-one officers and men of the National Guard of Colorado wen tried by court martial on chaoses growing out of the tamous Ludlow Baits" last April M, The numbers of the National lai I w re- charged with various runes and nnssseneanors ranging from murder to arson and larcen in council ion with the labor Hots Which turned Colorado Into stats near to civil war last spring. The court martial failed to Arid a sduc.ii state trooper -aiil: : a single 1 rime , r a fttggfc mlsdemean t, Kvcry one of the twent) -two defend ants have been eosjnitted, The incident and its moral is worthy of more than passim: note. v henevar 1 Itisen s ildi ry is died upm for strike duty, an a'.n: f! variable result is a veritable hemor rhage of accuaatloai e-.-i:nw. to v. red:: state troopers with inbjuitits 1- un- manlv as they would be criminal, if true. MK hinan had this Colorado experi encc la the upper peninsula OIM ,. r go. Hut. aim. 'St w.thout exception, if the charges" can ever he put to a test fT veracity, and if the 1 haraiter as aats can ever be brought fa t" Hi 1 with the necessity for proving their indictments, complete vindiea- a tor tks National Guard is almost always the result. In those exigencies which result in ll Nr.. nal-44uardsmen for :r.ke service, it is only fair play for remember this Colo- - : ..I. as it is. of the :-.: o'i. . v..-- rtndcred nine 1 ; .? s:milar instances . : ; . - r -; :. the benefit of a etai taabt when their motives, their i ' . A-d :r.e:r morale are subjected 1: -.inter-charge. red and sixty cannon c.ip rmans! That ia all the ar e of battb- sixteen miles Think of it if con- sorrow among the Mis. Superintendent found her way back from ' :.!uu .- : Is will open vv The Jij may not b. .1 erv !o.e jut he ran be dOpend make a big noise. fel- A NOTED CORRESPONDENT. Prvdar I'ainK-r, world famous war Lorrespondenl who will repres-nt tha Associated Press at On front with the British army, has Baea ;l vvar corres pondent m ,,!. conflicts since the tlreek war of IW7. lb' was la tha Kloadik with the- gold rush: hiilened to he in the Philippines In I8BS; returned with Dewe) In ttff, and in 1'omi wus with the uiiie.i array that searched to Pak in'. a little later ha was m tha thi k of Ceatral American revolutions pad IMS saw him in Macedonia l-.r the In surreetion thei . During the Russe-Japanese war. ha was attached as correspondent to the first Japanese army. In IMS lie re- portsd tha foaraj Turki movement, and in I tit he "covered' the Balkan w.ir. He arrived at Vera vVi. short!) after tha Amsrt an patio Sunday Dinner is always the best meal of the week a little extra or some thing different. We all appre ciate it. It's the same way with animals. Mr. Walter Pr.ckett of Roy croft Farm fame has a fine crop of choice horns grown alfnlfa We have prevailed upon him to let us have a few carloads for the good cows m this ens' of the county. This is the first opportunity you have ever had to get horns grown alfalfa. The less you handle alfalfa th less leaves 'the best part of iti, you loss. We want you to send in your orders so we can deliver direct f-om ths car to you Give your cow a regular SUN DAY DINNER and she will rs pay you in extra rich milk, The M. Yan Orden COMPANY Houghton Laurium. THE STATE AND THE IMMIGRANT. Some . I th' states ni tin I'nlon. but unfortunatelv Miehigan is not unions l hem. hate awakened to 1 In fact that federal laws and regulations do not lulls aaadh the problem of immigra tion, says the Detroit Journal It la betiniuim to be revognUed that ilu propoi distribution of the foreign peg- ulatloli seeking America's shores has become a necessity, and that th OOaatT) oaa absorb 11 great host pro vidniK lias, happiness seekers are put while' the) belong. Hereafter in California and Mas chuaetta the distribution, housing. BChoallng and political fusion of these workers, with their low standards of li inc;, are not to be left to chance Moth these states have established state immigration commissions. Thus tar Massachusetts has only been iu ret tgating, but the probability Is that t:.c ..tie of the immigrant will 110 lung er be a Blatter of Kood luck or bad luck, whether be lie COM SO a wo.ilth- (.onsuiinr or a state burden. Cullfor tiia has taken hold in earnest, for it w If fore0fM conclusion that the open of ths Panama canal would give tha 1 ppor'uiutv nf itumitraiits reaching her shores directly from Ku pOfHSj and that federal regulations would not be compete at to handle the ev er-increasin, numbe rs Making an oppot'tunitv to earn a living. ea'.oornia. liixe Michigan, has mil lion of acres of irgiu soil. The prob ata with her is. as it also is with Ml nigan, cow to distribute immigr.i t.ou in such a manner as to least af fect the standard of living. Coatlion m cities must be BinOOttiaged by ssak . ,is.: to ci: a living elsewhere; aiu'. the use of Asgttah must he en couraged by the estalshment of Bag lHh spoabllH schools for beth children and adults. A:ove all. the Ann 11. an Ma:. dare, c : liv inn must be prese : ed . And aoa we are told that fans p , 1 1 afl ta ba designed in London ill si rs Sh iraaii never knew sh.it war could le. A CENTLRY LATER. Htraaftar Watarioo will ba of smaii- 1 r a : ' or, ever since tha e.:.' that was fOPi there one hundred v.trs .i'o r.ex: June. f .ourse. tha fimirMt field, hardly a dozen miles from Brussels, will al ways bava the diatlBCttoa that it is w i.t re N.tpc'.e. n made his last stand. But this month of August ia the .ear 1514 :s witness to mvotary operations which, in human probabil ity, will obscure m hhatoay, the long series of exploits that came to their rinish in Ills. Present-day war operatic ns are so gigantic that they make the set bat tles of f Tmer ::mes look ins.r.. Scant and this new war wLl ur-ueet: be of so much account in map-making that posterity wi.l Bttis r;eed what happened to boundary l.nes jus: priir to the time wt.en Ns; MaM tairssd U st. Helena, wrvte roemvirs tnd Cje f e-aneer. At Waterloo the fighting area war small: the forces rumored, aii uid. hardly tw . - r.d men the whole arTair lasted less than t,ght hours. The pl.e ..- ; irr f a r shara, now, ti.- paftls i.rje ;s m"r- than two hundred miles . r.- w;:t. wirefa - innrjni at. on ar.d with wea pons of daatrut lion Jiuat in the air. Thre ar- radical chantfe. in every thing: reiatini: t., war ex' ejt w ith re- pect to the human beings who parti' 1- ad the haaaaa saewrias that in volve millions of men in the fighting. Tha things transpiring Just now Illustrate the melancholy far t that war in Its pres fit form is worse than it ei i .. How vain all the prsa I Lag and tea blng by the apostles of peace! v v v v v v v '.- -1 -I v ! : WAR ODDITIES. v ; : ! : : v v ; ; London Advtcai have reached herf from Stockholm that whan th- x shah of Perala raachsd there from lermany he was so trigtitened that ha refys.-,: to i alve any calsafi and locked himself up with tha saesabevi of his rolti . Ha would not rvea tlk with his retalnora, so thorouahly was he overcome by friahl Tha dapoaad shah traveled undar the name of "Monsieur Plw hmann." Whe n aoa v ini e thai ba was safe- in Stockholm and ins terror had paaaad ths. forraaf Persian monan s si pi during the graatar pan of tha day Ha planned to continue his Journey to Russia. Paris -Having baaa srraatad by ths trmana Hansi, tha Alsatian carica .list ,aacapad and Bad to Fraaca to ni imprisonmenl and yolaod a Vench rsdmSBI us an inte rpreter. The- lermaa oWcaf who had caused big ur t bbi tha Brai priaooar broughl ie tn Ths officer complained of tha itmenl h- had racalved and Haaal ! k d "it was certalaly battar than tn- at ' 'olrnar." n I was 111 a hum to en- lisl v lh- e xcuse of I BJ tidsiria 11 rarraoath boxar, when ar- i 1 r ueedlni on ins atotorcycla. I ' 1 1 1 I s , I i.oMi c srasaan 1 11 inii T lowssty wearing in' Qataaaa aad Austrian ked tha whole laasjxh of the Btrand undietufkad, and almost unno- is sd, Paris At Point -a-Mouson a hun dred hugs Hi rmnn shells. ca h welgh poaadl ntnl carrying an emr-bat- of pi. irate, killed only n Lad gsaggadhsj 1 - II our mpe ror's solemn written .,1, ligation to respect the- neu hralit) of Belgium is no gd, why should 1 bava any mre cnfldence la yadT aordr This was the- reply of ' Sener. 1 ,:, , oimrui ruler at Unix. ,11 rafuateaj list reiuest f ; b rnii . i!.. . 1 ta be re leased on parole. London Ai uniformed members of the pnllitarv ,r nnval fr es Ineludlng lleii 1 - . B outs, are I PRESS OPINIONS ON WAR NEWS It noe's without saying that if th I'lilte-el State's government establishes 11 steamship line' for the purpose of maintaining and developing foreign asjBJsasaTOt it will nut atteinpt to fur nish l euitrahaiul or e onellt lonal contra baml of war to countries sagagad n hostilities. Washington Pool U o ill the- I'liiled States, whei hap pil have' folloWad for iihui' than a hundred ve.iis the' wise, fetreseelng ael V le'e of WashlUMton and .le'tl e rsoti to MtVala from safasjiing alliances with feut'inn nations should appreciate the sagacit) of our forefathers. Buffalo Courier, Science and sscracy are working in conjunction to rob war of that glisaolll that oaos faaciaatad and thrillad ail people". It Bsay be' Silfel.V predli'te'il that the' world's Kieatest war will pro dine' lower popular heroes than die) various wars of the' past I'hicago Ne w s. It BtMSaS to be' forgotten that as the' trttgjsjia widens: and the statistics i tha war grow flmre stupendous tha rseouroaa behind the- araslaa aad the Beats aia cuei aspondlnal) atigsaeated. And it should lie' boi tie' iii mind that the- wider the apraad of the- war the more complications must stand in the wa eif peace Cleveland Loadsr Little by little, as olio alter the' other of our lending industries is affactad, ara raallai that ths Buropaan war is likely to prova a sefioas thiai te this country, The- ne ws that the stack of hair elve- will not last us more than three' months strikes dismay to the' hearts eif theiSe encane'd in the allied . r.et'ts of wire tapplllK. bllino ste e llliK, and the vending of (old bricks ami KTen nmds." New York Herald Ths situation as a whole is too vast and to complicated to permit any but L Vowed partisans to form, much less express, anything In the- nature eif a tlnal judgraaal at this time. That is a task for minute rasaarch, feu- oalsi study, for sober thought for twenty - :'.e Bfty, yea, one huadrad years to .vinv Chicago Harald. 91 it ti BfjOfad tha American public ir. the Kuropean crisis mure even than its extent was its suddenness. Such ta Otrent. we felt, leiight somehow to e rr.e- oaly after elue preparation. I lemn deliberation uiiel formal state iaataad It sprang up like u tttaafa j m k-in-the-bux, und feir eluys wi .ivi not bring ourselves tei believe .t was aaythiag but a trick tei frigbtdn s a httfM Joke which presently would 1. Cl.i ago Tribune, al dt their hair anil mus hjj letter stop now. In three :.'.ere srii be no hair dye in M aai shoe blacking. New - r.im. L , DEP'T OF AGRICULTURE Weather Bureau. Charles F. Marvin. Chief. DAILY WEATHER BULLETIN. Houghton, Michigan, Saturday, Au- MM It, y.u. All observations taken at 8 a. m. '75th meridian time). 1 'rrip. 1 Wlnel I I c B. S I 8 s-2 State of V Z e- - X V Weather. C "Cm 3 2e IIS Alpena 54 4 nw ' Cloudy Buffalo 60 4 se s 141 Ckrady Chi 1K0 -1 nw ti .12 t'lear iuiuth M 4 4 ,C4 Cloudy aaaba. . .. &o 0 nw 4 ,H Cloudy araaa Bay.M -4 n 4 ,N daar Houghton u 8 e 4 .00 Cloudy Marquetta. . 4 4 asj 4 M Clear Milwaukee... M -i nw 4 M Clear Maw York. . 1 fl ') a I 1- Clear ew Offaaaa.BI -8 at N Jl Bala I'ort Arthur. 10 fi I 'h'udv log H -1 lie 4 M l't. Cl.ly Si. Paul ''f I s II ,M Cloudy aa Kran 1- 0 sw 4 Jl Cloudy W aahlasTtoa..?! I 4 tM Pt Cldy Winnipeg N -I s 4 Jl Cloudy Weather Forecast. (Till 7 V. M. Sunday) Copper Country : Prababt) showers this gftaraooh or toniKht. Sunday gen erally fair. Westher Conditions. The storm 1 ' ti ter which was lo cated over Mis souri has moved northeastward to tlio Lower Lake Region. it hies e a used h I a v y raiaa from tin- telilr.il Mississip li Valli'.v north and east to the' Coaat, Waahlng- laa roports 3.00 inches during the last 4 hours. Knsk winds are r p o r t e- d from several points In the- nori beast. The aeftniNG Canadian disturb- uaaa hi movinn slowly eastward, with lowest reported barometer at Winni i.K. Rain has occurred in MlnaaaoU and the Dakotus. MOOffOhsad. Minn, reports IJI Inches. HiKher pr.'ss.ir.. accompanied by fair and much weather, covers the nirlberii Roch) Mouataraa. There is a probability of howata la this vi. inity this afianioon aff SSSjIffM, but Sun.la.v wil gener ally fair. (Jentb' ta mo.leiate shiftim; winds are indicated. H, it COWDfiiCK, offle iai in Chargs panalttad to rtda fras .f chat London tri and tabes Bwrini the ' 'VttVilUMfib d LONDON FEARS GREAT DAMAGE BYZEPPELINS Bombardment From Air and Huge Ransom Is Talk of City Loa don, KiiKlaiui. Aug. 29. What secret doe-s the little' Island Of Heli- Koland hold, what meBaCO, what threat f Will it send down 11 Meet of Hying Zeppe iins, Braatai its bombs eif an alhilatioa, bringing daatructlon to the Ki 1 atest e it y ill the w olid f Is the re a chain e- of an aortal Inva sion, a war from the clouds acainst a di'fe'llse'le'SS clt.V '.' Military officials leoff al ouch pos sibility. Few of the people have- any fears. But the memory of Rylai ships over BagbUsd a few years back has luratd speculation towards the skies. London is the' most vulnerable of all Buropaan clttaa to an attach from lbs sk and it is the richi'st prias in Uss we. rid. A ransom of billions as a guarantee .iKamst attack WotiUI be' e heap. Has Many Priceless Measures. The- Lank of Knulai.d alone' has millions 01 pounds in gold reserve- in us vaults. Tin- mousy fuarantuas tha Engllsn bank note UMUS anil insure.-, the credit of the nation. In addition there aN Ml lesser banks in the- cit.v, aii oarryinsj lam raosrvss la Bold ana alivar. London is tha MBBaal and tha rich est city in tha world, uutslda of val ues which can be sjnasursd In moaay, London is the- home- of prli e b'ss trOUS- ursa of art, arahaaolog) aad science, Tin- Brltlah museum Is tin- greatasl 111 the world. The famous Klgln mar bles were slilon ad from Qreek tam- ples. The- Rosettu stone, which en- abled savants to decipher the- Inscrip tion! 011 the- monument- of ancient BSgypt, was takaa from 1 he khadlve The Britiah crown Jewels, valued at 110,011,00a, and pricalasa from a his torical standpoint, are inadequutel;. guarded la tha Tower of London. Tin- Kohiaor, the largest diamond in the world, is part of the treasure within the to war, Most important of all, to an Kng- lishin. ill's eyes, are- the historic land marks of the city, St. Paul's cathedral, the houses of parliament, tha 1,000- voar-old Tower of London and the equally ancient Westminster Abbey. It aa attack from 'he sky comes, the base of (seaman operations will be the little Island of Heligoland, in the- North Sea, lying t' BfjAM cast of the mouths Ol Idle Kibe anil W e-er and less than IPO bonis Blatant from London by the big German dirigibles. in making ap attack, the derma ns would nive- notice of their intention through a aeutral power. Tiny would lemand a ransom be paid within 24 louna, Nbn -combatants would be warned to eae the city and city Iwellers given plenty of lime to es lapsj into the suburbs. Menace From the Clouds. Than :i "cot of Ze-ppellns, painted skv color to mnkfl detection tlillit nit mil with mulfled motors, would leave the island at dusk and before I" o'clock the same ee-lliim be above London. The htMM sky CFUlsers, 4s.' feet long and II feet in diameter, are inllated with 171,004) feet of hydrogOB gas carried In 1 reservoirs within a 1 mid aluminum frame. Their e-n- glnea develop 510 bursa power and can drive the ships at the rate of Tu mile's per hour. Tiie- Bngiiah have never prepared for an attach on tha city, believing the-lr navy oggmble of preve-nting all attempts al invasion. Tfssru are no forts around LoaftOB as there' arc about other Buropaan capitals. Palis late ly thwarted Qenaan attack ffom the air by Maalng searchlights from tha Eiffel tower and other points of vantage bv Bjettlasj ae-rial cannon in raadtaeesi in its form und by sending swarms of aeroplane scouts bu,zin ov er t he I ItV Put Baalaad -- unprapafad. Al ai- ib rshot, M miles mil of London, arc two dirigibles. There are a few aero planes at AMerahoi and a lew private machines ni Henden. f all Kuropean nations England lias la-en backward in developing th fourth arm of the service which, m eomparlsoii with Hermany and (""ranee, is negligible. With a few e.irchliKhts heetttj mounted on the towers of the city Swapping the shy and with all other lights out. London would await its doom. Tempting Targets for Bombs. The huge Woofwich arsenal, which supplies England with arms and am munition, is in dlascl line- of attack. The houses of parliament and t lie- ad jacent Westminster Abbey and Buck Ingham palace, ths rasBBeatce f lbs king, half a mile away, nre- tempting tarc-ets and by their itM impossible to miss Kve-n Is a sweepini; aMai'k the Cer maiis would not destroy all the- build ings in their power In one night, but would gtra the Loadefears aa object le-sson and. ransom fallinge Continue the attack. Then the invailers would turn Ulf stteatloa ta Mam heater, Birmingham and Leedsa the- graal BMmafacturini cities, Liverpool, Olaa em and llelfast , Winston Churchill, first lord of the admiralty, has for ye'iirs pointed out tb' Bansjar if attaoh from tha sky. His efforts failed t arouse England from its complacent lethargy. Kng htad had not been Invaded for 1,00 y-ars, and the i otisei v ntlve BfltOfl rests nil that fact. ChUTehUl's Warn- lag made him the butt of the Jokes "i music ball performers. W. A. IMummer. souuht for iuhi years, has been fennel in he oiah. (tkla.. heir to an Knitlish estate vnlued 'if mK' '.'fx'' Now that the Germans have taken with explosives may be made over Lo ALSACE AND LORRAINE RONE OF CONTENTION FOR 1 ,000 YEARS Buffer Provinces Between France and Germany Often Made Thea ter of Military Operations By Both Countries. The history of (ieinian.v and the his tory of PYenet as separata nations be-Kins in S4:t, and the history of the woes and tribulations of AUMCS and Lorraine as a buffer state between the two, and as conquered first by one and then by the otbe-r. tee-Kin soon after thai same ye-ar S4I1. That was one thou sand and se-v eiitv -one- years ago. The present campaign of the Cermans anil the French in Alsace-Lorraine is therefore the continuation of a striiK ls ove-r one- thousand years old. It is likely to continue in some' lorm or an other just as long as there is Prance and a (le rmanv in e-xisti-nce, even unto another thousand years. The facts of geographical position have created the problem, li is a prob lem which will remain unsolved and unsol vablo as long as the Kivcr llhinc HOWS and the Vr OOgeS mountains stand. France' says that the river is In r true e'iistorn frontier; Ce-rmany says the frontier lies beside the mountains. The two countries have some-t inn s sat tied it one way, after a bb'oely war and then a proclamation of peace. I 'alt the sons or the Kiandsons have bi-Ktm all over again to Hiiht it out and set tle it the other wav by another pro clamation of peace, after one side-, conquered and tiumhled, had to sue for peace. It was in Ml that the three- grand sons eif Charb-mamie-. Bghttolfl amotnl themselves, decide-l to end it by divld in their granelfather's possessions aaaoag them. They agtad an thai aa- dent principle that the laiiils. and the pe-ople- dwaHlBg upon them, tilling the soil in lime Of peace and figttih tht battles In time of war. were the pii- vate- property of the- sovereign, ruling by the "divine rinht ef kinns.' Cbarle- magaa had ruled the whole of Europe, aaoas united governmeni from his cap ital at Aachen the Aix la Chapelle of today which belongs. t Prussia. Tha private possessions of the pope of It aly alone were- e xeepted. 'harletnagnes' son, Louis lo Debon nalre, was too weak to hole! toge-lher Mch h haterogeneoiHi smptm of pao pb s of dlnTeraai race ami tssnperaaseal and sjpeahlng dlffereai longaea, their sagy bond being aa ofactal reiigian that if the soverelga and a common, Rnve-rnmcnt. He das too weak e ven to rule in his own family. Long before be' was dead his sons were ipiarieling Over their inheritance. The one who was the stronKe-st, call ed Louis the- Ce-rman. had the first choice in the- division and he becacTw the first king Of the 'ieiinans. The acaasf strongest, Charh-s the Bald, had second e-hoioo, and lu- became- the lirst kiiiK "f the franks, the- people of mod ern yraaoa These two brothers look land which formed n eompaci whole and whb'b could be easily defended. The subjects of Charles all spoke one kangoaga those of Loa it aH spoke an other. The Inheritance of the Weakest. The third brother. Lot hair, the- weak est, had to take what was left of his father's empire. and that iniluib-d what Is now (umprised In Holland. I'.el Kinm, Switzerland. LuxenibniK, Alsace. Lorraine nnd a small strip of northern Italy. It was made up of many dif- lU'l.l liu..oua.,.4io. ll e ouiel Uol oe WHAT OF THE AIR? T i w I ff ON L "NO INI) ocn I m D f - J rs- f IV. s. , V , Mlrm Belgium clear to the west coast, England fears a flight of Zeppelins armed nclon some foggy night soon. easily ib fended becaase the Alps broke It la two parts, ami the narrow strip along the Rhlas from the Alga to the North Sea which kept the pos sessions of Louis from touching those of i'harlis was to meal a prize not to be coveted by both of the two stronge r lirothe rs. They soon begM to light one- aaotber about it, each to take it from Lolhair. And the- trou ble of the buffer states bcnall. The mountaineers Of Switzerland wrested themselves free from Lothair's kingdom la the- thirteenth century aad have bean republic aver since. The Hollanders gained their Independence under William of OrangOi and tonaed republic In U',4s, but the successors of Charles tha Bold, ruling la PYanot aaasjuered them liter, aad it arai not until lSla that thsty weft free again. Belgium then formed a part of Hol land, making it too powerful tor bvffar state in tha syes of tha great powers, so Belgium was separated In IBtt, Luxemburg was promised to France by Russia if Frain . kept out of M EruaaiaaAaatrian war of imi, hut Whan the war was llnished the suc cessors of Iotiis the German- world not let it to the successors of Charles the- Bold, Aiiemhutg was then made independent of both and hat foi tr-ses dismantled thai haa her self should not be tempted to BgM on either side-. The Amall strip of north ern Italy, which belonged to the kitK ilom of Lot hair was after many vicissi tude- incorporated into the union of the Italian slates under Victor Bm manual II, Thefeoad was such s nat ural one that other states have- no chance of disturbing it. Alsace-Lorraine in Balance All Wars Alsioe and LoTTUllM have alone re- mained of Lothair's kingdom t be foaghl over by the two ureal nations on either side. Together they cover an an a of 5, BOI sepiare miles. The maximum length from north to smith Is 14a miles: the maximum breadth is twenty -four miles. It may be com pared to the Hudson rIVcr valley from Albany to New York. It it not nn extensive territory, but practically every war in Baropc iiu e the passing of Charlemagne ha beei concerned with it. Republican Franco, banker today for despotic Russia in the present war, was the banker, Cathalic in faith, for Protestant Bwodea and la tha Thirty Years War of the seventee nth century, which Bweden fought ggalnM Austria and ill I'miiiiv, Swe-don won anil the spoils f,. tn the baiike-r, France- ac)ttlf ilu? by the treaty of WsetifhelU which closed I he- w ar in 1 MH, all of Alsace with the Sgceptkm Of the idly etf Strassburg. Ctermany had to rIvc It up as we ll as -onllrm l-'raiu e- In the possession of Me-tz, In Iorralne, at Ihls time I private- appendum of the Sovereign of Austria. In iSfl, daring I nil Of peace In the IbfWjmted provinces, Tuls XIV of Fraii' e quietly surprised Strassburg anil took it, so that Flame had that province- entire-. It Was not until af ter the French revolution thai the whole of Alsace nnd Lorraine went to France. one. must it-mtibei ih f I U cos 1 '''"aw a . :: X kU, ?: r ILJxM " - 1 ily explains what si-cms to SQ naa) the Impeaatrgbls say story ei ths loy alty ami devotion of A lea re turn I us to France' after forty-four yean under tin goveraateni of Qarasany, What i spoken of as love- for France' could mora property ba Bsacrihad ai ba llaf in the Hghta of man upon Whlcb the institution of the Fie-nch republic are founded. As SOOa as war was declare'd be (ween Fraiaea aad Wussla, lirly IS, 1870, Alsace-Lorraine became the the ate-r of operations. The lirst decisue battle of the war was fOUght in AlaW at W'oerth-sur-Sane-r, Aug. fi, 1X70. the KYenCh under Marshal .Ma".Malion re III alum before the ('lelinans, led b Ilu (Town prince, afterward Kaiser Fred erick, lather Of Kaiser William B. HetS, the' capital eif Iyirralne, and a inarch Of only BftOOU days from Pal is nearer to the Frcne-h i-apltal than the Fnglish port of I'lymouth is t London was the- ne xt point In the UlM of tha fjenaaa attack. France had an arinv of L'na.ooo men near Its strmm fortress under the command of sfai shai Baaalrte, considered tha best oiii- COr of Napoleon ill. The battle of COUrOoHsB, Aug. 14, was the lirst act of the great battle drama aTOUad Met, and imopitaiit I" the OsimgAa becaaaa I hay were aide to force llozaine liackward and CUl off bis re tre at to N'erdun on the Mease rh er, French mlnforoemonts beln that neighborhood. The Qarman army, tei frustrate the' plan of Hazaine and isolate him, croaaad the IBeasUc several mlleS above If eta mainly at Ponl Mousaon, and the 19th gained the ter ritory south of the road from Ore VelOttS to Marsla-Toiir. When Hazaine discovered In VM urrouaded bo tsars battle, Ma soldiers making tin- attack ssyargeticalty Man -la-Tour la aa attempt to break through and net lo Verdun. BiS sT iii - was stopped lu re-treat and two days later me! the 1 1 si mans al I bs real battle of Cravelotle, on Aug 18. The Cermans had brought OS for cements up to the ngsgbar of IW,- The king of Prussia, afterward Bmperor William L was there arith his sons, the crown prince (the Fiu- peror rrederick) aad Prime Karl (tn "Red" Prmoe), the oraam princs ot Baaony (later tha king) i""1 Prtnm Augual of Wurtsmherg Field M ' Bhal von Moltke was In t-ommaiid aad Blaaauah was than as a spectator. Um- Of the coininaiiders was C.ctn ral yon Qoeben, after whom was aasaed the batllesbip (ioeben, which made a heroic d ish from Messina a few dos sgo and now is iii the Dardanellea Sieges of Metz and Strassburg. The Fre-nch had ab-uil lte,BM OX " ths Qei mam suatalaed greater ' ns tkey took the offensive, Ha.aine- n -tngtlng Into the fortress of Metz. lb held out all through the month of B I1 tensher and made seve-ral sorties in n affori t" bieak through the Oerman Had and receive the nlnforcemenu Napoleon n had sUepaJBhsil w ,1,n1 Tin rjermans lost some t,B4J Bten, bul IhM Ueiu tbe-m bottled UP. He- capitu lated with 17B,BM man on kit - bnrfl was even more stubborn and held out for thri'e months beloie ll was foreed to surrender. It M .mm n ut Qai limn city, famous for its university which C.oethe atten ' luany famous for its ooee-1lvsr pies. so drib ious that notn '"" Fri'iich soldiers and StatSOWIsn, poets and philosophers will Havel far tM I hem. w hen Thlem came as, the, bsaeaa- sador of Fram e' to sile for peio e front Derma ny, Blamarh hwd down as the Bnn supination ih.t Bhmee-Irralne Csntinuea oa Wh Psgs, 3rd Column.