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ASSOCIATED PRES3 ALL TODAY'S NEWS YOUAY THE WEATHER. Fair tonight, probably light frott. Thursday increasing cloudinats. VOL. XXIII. CALUMET, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON, SEPTEMBER 9, 1914. NUMBER 275 annum km ebb a bathe east if parr; Sure I0HT1K TO'ffiTOAT BEFORE THE K1TISU BUTTE LUES DECLARE FOR "OPEN SHOP" e Twelve Producing Companies Will Have No More Deal ings With Unions EXCITEMENT IN GAMP Operators Today Declare They Are Through With Two Ri val Organizations Rutte, Mont.. Sept. 9. The "open shop" went into effect today in Rutte, the homo for thirty-six years of tho largest union "locul" in the far west. Some 10,000 miners, until recently members of Rutte Miners' union No. 1 of the Western Federation of Min ers, but now divided between that or ganization and the newly formed Rutte Mine Workers' Union, were not Hied that, from the viewpoint of their em ployers, it made no difference whether they belonged to cither organization or none. This decision, signed by twelve companies which represent the copper output of Rutte, was reached last night, and the town, held in leash by marshal law, bristled with excitement whin confronted with it. The employers announce that the wages and hours of work exlcstlng tin der the union contracts will be contin ued. Tho Operators' Statement. The operators' statement is as fol lows: 'The attitude of the Mine Workers' organization toward the employcr.vus expressed In their published notices and in the constitution adopted by It, puts that organization beyond the pos sibility of being recognized or dealt with In any way, and so far as that organization Is concerned the under signed companies will not now, nor at any time in the future, recognize its Jurisdiction or permit it to interfere in any way with operations conducted by any of them. "So far us the local union of the Western federation is concerned it became apparent immediately after the dissension of June 13 that the vast body of men employed in tho Hulte mines were openly in revolt against that organization and that they would not under any circumstances rejoin or longer be ldentllled with it. During the intervening period of nearly three months that organization has demon strated its inability to assert Its juris diction. Indeed, so important had it become that it was unable to protect its own property from destruction, or offer Its members the slightest protec tion when organized mobs under the leadership of officer of Rutte Mine Workers' Union deprived such mem bers of employment and drove them by force from the community. "These mining companies had enter ed Into contracts w hic h, inferentlally ! at least, gave the Rutte Miners' union of the Western Federation of Miners Juiisdictlon over their respective cm ploes until June 1, 1!15. "The earnest desire of these com panies has been and ulways will be to live up to every contractual obliga tion, but It Is tho universal principle of law ami reason that when one par ty to a contract Is wholly incapable of carrying out its part of the contract the other party to the contract Is re leased. "To longer recognize the Jurisdiction of the Rutte Miners' union would be equivalent to an endeavor to compel the employes of these companies against their will and wish to belong to n labor organization which the great majority of them most emphatically have, repudiated." MacDONALD .ANTS U. S. TO PURCHASE COPPER TO HELP MINE OPERATORS. Washington, .Sept. 9. Representa tive MacDonald of Michigan has In troduced a bill to authorize the gov ernment to purchase not more than lfi.000,000 pounds of copper to help the smelters operate during tho European emergency. SHERMAN, REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE FOR CONGRESS, ,. LEADING IN ILLINOIS. Chicago, Sept. 0. C'liltf interest In the statewide primary today in fen tercel ubout the contest for the Demo cratic nomination fur United States senutor. Reports from nine congres sional districts, principally in the northern section of the Btate, favored Roger Sullivan while the southern and central districts Indicated Lawrence Stringer Is leading In a close ruco. Senator Sherman, Republican, is re ported to be leading his oponents ev eiy where. The weather is generally fair and the rural vote is llaht. A few women voted down the state but In Chicago there is a fair propor tion. Chicago, with a blanket ballot containing many names, voted slow ly. UPPSER ALSACE EVACUATED BY THE GERMAN TROOOPS. London, Sept. 9. A dispatch from llasel, Switzerland, via Rome, says the Germans have evacuated upper Al sace. SAYS GERMANY IS NOW A LAND OF MOURNING Conditions Described by Observer Who Arrives at Copenhagen London, Sept. 9. A description of conditions in Germany has come to the Standard . from, ouc of Its corrca pondents, . fount Thronbeig, who reached Copenhagen and telegraphed from there as follows: "I have just returned from a trip through Rcrlin, Leipzig, Dresden, Jlan over, Hamburg and other large Ger man cities. In spite of the difficulties of transportation and the suspicious reception of foreigners I -was a.blo closely to observe the condition of tho country and the state of its people. "At the outset, during the period of general mobilization, the whole country resembled an armed camp. Soldiers were everywhere. Ordinary faihvay traffic was suspended to allow their trains to pass. There was much bustle and activity and unbounded optimism prevailed. Troops went singing to the front. No thought but that of speedy victory entered the minds of the great mass of the German middle classes. A Land of Mourning. "Now Germany is a land of much mourning. I walked down Friedrlch Strasse in Rcrlin and counted In one section sixteen women wearing deep mourning out of nineteen women I saw Contirued on 2nd Page, 3rd Column. MANY ITALIANS IN THE AUSTRIAN ARMY ARE KILLED Trieste, Austria, via London, Sept. i)The defeat of the Austrians at Lcmberg created a deep Impression at Trieste and along the Adriatic c as.. The regiments which suffered the most were composed of men of Italian orig in. The ninety-seventh Austrian in fantry recruited almost entirely from Trieste Italians, numbering 2,000, was virtually annihilated, only sixty-live returning. SALUTE FLAG SEPT. 12. 21 Guna Will Be Heard in Every Port In The World. Washlnjrton. Cent. . President Wilson ordered that a national salute of twenty-one guns shall be fired to the national flag next Saturday. Sept. 12. nt noon, by all naval vessels, naval stations, army posts, and revenue cut ters. This salute will engirdle the world. It will be fired bv American warships in Mexican waters, in West Indian, Sa- moan. Asiatic and South American wa ters, and also by the armored cruisers North Carolina and Tennessee, which are In the waters of the contending powers of Europe. The salute Is to be fired in connection with the celebra tion at Raltlmore on Sept. 12 of "The Star-Spangled Ranner" centennial as a special mark of honor to the flag and to the National Anthem. 1,000 MEN AND SEVENTEEN OFFICERS OF RUSSIAN IMPERIAL GUARD TAKEN Washington tfept. 9. Seventeen offl cers and 1.000 men of the Russian Im perial guard were captured nt Rres l.iii bv the Sllesian landwehr, accord ing to n wireless from Rcrlin to the German embassy. CZAR SAYS HE WILL GO ON TO BERLIN Determined to Capture German Capital It It Cost His Last "Moujik" TAKES THE OFFENSIVE 2,000,000 Men to Invade East Prussia; Russians Again De feat Austrians London, Sept. 9. A dispatch from Rome says Emperor Nicholas is report ed to have made the following declara tion: "I am resolved to go to Berlin itself even if it costs me my last moujik." The Japanese ambassador at Petro grad expressed to the emperor tho wisli to see Japaneso soldiors fighting side by side with the Russians. The emper or replied i --.- "I shall do my best to realize your wish." London, Sept. !. Russia appears t fie assuming the offensive In Mast I'russia. She had thrown L'.OOO.ooo men along the bolder.' This is regarded here as a menace to the heart of Ger man) which cannot remain unan swered. Russians Win Great Victory. Rome, Sept. !. A I'etrograd dispatch says the great battle of Rawa. 32 miles northwest of Lcmberg, is over and that the Russians won a complete victory, the Austrians retiring everywhere. Among the prisoners taken are a large number of Germans. The Aus trians have evacuated Russian Roland. Splitting the Austrian Forces. Copenhagen, Sept. 9 A dispatch from IVtrograd says: "The Russian advance for the pur pose of dividing the million Austrians who are moving on Lublin, Is on the point of succeeding. The great battle Is proceeding." Russian Official Statement. Washington. Sept. 9. The Russian embassy issued this statement: "On September X, a general engiare ment continued along the whole Aus trian front. In the center, the Aus trian army is falling back. Near Kal va, a stubborn battle Is being fought with considerable Austrian forces. On the left bank of the Vistula our ad vance has developed favorably." Servians are Advancing. Paris, Sept. f. A Nlsh dispatch says the Servians crossed the frontier Sep tember 6 and advanced successfully. Everywhere the Austrians are being thrown back to the left bank of the river Drina. Russians Exhibit Cool Daring. London, Sept. 9. The I'etrograd correspondent of tho Post, in an arti cle dealing with the capture of Lem burg and Jlalicz says: "The estab lishment of Russian authority In this region is being enormously facilitated by the fact that the native Slav pop ulation, after long experience with the tyrannical policy of Germanism In time of peace, welcomed the advent of the Russians, even under the stern conditions of war. "The Lcmburg victory Is a signal triumph of the dart rig strategy of the Russian commander-in-chief, and en tirely reconciles the public to the se vere censorship which enabled him to carry out rrotracted operations over a vast territory without the enemy get ting a single hint to give them the alarm. "Until the two Russian armies oper ating In a direction that met almost at a right angle, succeeded In effect ing a junction in the enemy's country, they were offering, during a whole fortnight, a magnificent opportunity to a vigorous enemy to get In between them and deal with them separately, and only extreme secrecy could have justified this risk. "That the Russian forces during the preparation of their real attack, were merely playing with the Austrian ad vance Info undefended Poland may be snfely assumed from the fact that when the Austrian main force did fi nally attempt a forward movement PATRIOTISM IN FRANCE BECOMES INTENSE; WAR PICTURES ARE POPULAR Palis, Sept. 8. A drawing of Alsace a handsome muidtn, Hying Jo. fully into the arms of a French soldier, Is the most popular drawing of i lie war so far and It is being reproduced in ail si.es, including pasta 1 cards. The war seems to havo paralyze the artists. There uro many jndese ribably coarse postal cards, picturing the German Emperor as a pig, or sausage or worse. King Albert Is the hero of the war up to date and his photographs are for sale everywhere. Flags are worn on lapels, borne on taxicabs, and displayed over the door of utmost every home and shop. There are many more Rritish Hags in Paris than there are French flags in London. PRISONERS AND WOUNDED ARRIVE AT PETROCRAD. Pctrogiad, Sept. !. Trains filled with prisoners and large numbers of Russian and Austrian wounded ut Lem berg have arrived here. HAS RECEIVED FROM KAISER Emperor Said to Have Sent Pro test to President Wilson London, Sept. !.A dispatch pub lished in Copenhniteh quotes a message which Kmperor Wdliam sent to Pres ident WUson iSepteilei 4. In the me sage the kaiser protests against 'the Knglish use of dum dum bullets and against the participation of Relgian civilians in the war. The emperor told President Wilson his officers were compelled to punish the Rtigians, and expressed regret over the destruction of Louvain. Text of Message Published. Washington, Sept.1 l. The German embassy today received the following from the foreign office: "The North German Gazette pub lishes the text of Emperor Wiliam's telegram to President Wilson Con cerning the Rritish and French use of dum dum bullets and iRelglan atro cities ngaliytt surgeons, nurses and wounded soldiers." Has Not Received Message. Washington. Sept. 9. -President Wilson has not yet received Kmperor William's message. Knows Nothing of Message. New York, Sept. 9. Tho German ambassador said he knew nothing of the message from the kaiser to Presi dent Wilson. RAILROADS HIT BY WAR AND EKM1TY0F PEOPLE Wushington, Sept. 9. Tho railroads are experiencing great difficulty in meeting their obligations because of the European war, and the antagonistic attitude of the people, according to a committee of railroad executives who today asked President Wilson to ad dress an appeal to tho country that the people take a more sympathetic atti tude toward the railroads. they only covered 24 miles, from Zav IkhofT to Opple. In that time the Rus sian forces marched and fought over more than seven times this distance. Russians Ocoupy Passes. "The Russians have occupied passes leading to the easiest and most direct route to Ruda-Pest. Ruda-Pest is about twice as far from the present Russian position as has been covered by them since they left Podolia for the Invasion of Galicla. "On the east Prussian front, nothing Important has happened during the last few days, and it seems evident there fore that Germany has hurried troops to the eastern frontier from the west, not on account of the Russian advance in East Prussia, but In order to help the Austrians. "The spirit of the Russian troop Is excellent nnd events on this frontier are moving with great rapidity." Je eje j eje J eje ja eje eje e FRENCH SOON TO : MOVE GOVERNMENT v : BACK TO PARIS. Bordeaux, Sept. 9. A news- ! paper issued by the ministry of war says there is every reason ! to believe the stay of tho '. French government in Bor- ! deaux will be short. ! RRITISH ARE CONFIDENT OF THE OUTCOME For First Time Since Beginning of War Situation is "Very" INDIAN TROOPS ARRIVE These Forces AT Front Help To Change Tide In Favor ot Allies London, Sept. 9. For the first time since the beginning of the war an olll clal Rritihh report has described the result of the operations as "very" sat isfactory. Heretofore this adjective has never been used In any official report. Lord Kitchener's "unknown factor,' heretofore held as a great secret, which has so altered the situation at the front. Is now known to be the arrival of forces from India, consisting of two divisions of infantry nnd a brigade of cavalry. A dozen Indian potentates were selected to accompany this force. British Troops Superior, An olllcial statement says: "Their superior training and intelli gence, have enabled tho Rritish sol tilers to use the open formation with effect, and thus cope with the vast numbers employed by the enemy. The cavalry, which has bad even more o portunlties for displaying personal prowess and address, has definitely established its superiority. Field Mar shal Sir John Frenc h's report dwells on the marked superiority of the Rritish troops of every arm of the service. "'The cavalry,' he says, 'do as they like with the enemy until they are con fronted with twice their numbers. The German patrols simply fly before our horsemen. The German troops will not face our infantry fire. As regards our artillery, they have never been op posed by less than three or four times their numbers.' Incidents of Heroism. "The following incidents have been mentioned. During the action at Le Chateau on Aim. 26 all the officers nnd men of one of the Rritish batteries had been killed or wounded with tho ex ception of one subaltern and two gun ners. These continued to serve one gun and kept n sound, raking fire, and came out unhurt from the battlefield. "On another occasion a portion of a supply column was cut off by n detach ment of German cavalry. The officer in charge was summoned to surrender. He refused nnd. starting the motor off nt full speed, dashed safely through only losing two lorries. "It is noted that during a rear guard nciion on the Guards Rrigade on Sept. 1, the Germans Were seen giving as sistance to our wounded. "The weather has been very hot, with an almost tropical sun, which has made long marches trying to the sol diers. In spite of this, they look well and hardy, and the horses. In conse quence of the amount of hay and oats In the fields, are in excellent condition. "In short. It may be said that the war, so far as It hits advanced, has given most promising opportunities of addinn to the reputation of Rritish arms and of achieving notable and substantial successes.' GORDON HIGHLANDERS SURPRISED; LOSE HEAVILY COLONEL IS KILLED. Iwmdon, Sept. !. A dispati h from Roulogne fclvcs Private Rlack as au thority for the statement that, follow ing the battle of Mons, the Gordon Highlanders were surprised, suffered severely and their colonel, W. E. Gor don, was killed. TWO GERMAN GENERALS ARE KILLED IN BATTLE: MANY GERMAN SOLDIERS WOUNDED Rerlln. Sept. 9. Major Generals Von Gotha und Nieland have been killed in battle. Long train loads of wounded are now being brought from advanced bnse hospitals to Lnxarettos In the In terior of Germany. WOMEN AND CHILDREN, MOURNING LOSS OF KIN, MORE NUMEROUS IN PARIS. Paris, Sept. 9. Already women nnd c hildren in blac k are grow ing more and more numerous on the streets of Paris. Today the ollkiul communique declares that "while our losses (in a certain crr-agcrncnt) were heavy those of the ciii-iii) were far greater." The inevitable toll of the war is being paid. A tear-stained, trembling migno nette told today bow she heard of the death of her only brother yesterday. He had sent her no word since he went north with his regiment on the second day of mobilization. There are no of ficial lists of the killed and wounded. For five days she went to the minis try of war, seeking news. On Fiiday they seemed to be preparing her fur the worst. "Come tomorrow and we wilt have news of your brother." On the morrow she was told simply "He Is dead." .-til further Inquiries were in vain. Where and how he died she could not learn or whether his body would be brought home. Simply "R et inoit." MAUBEUGE IS TAKEN BY THE GERMAN ARMY French Stronghold, 40,000 Men and 400 Guns Are Captured Rerlin. Sept. 9. (Wireless to tr Associated Press) It was oilkially announced today that thj French for tress of Mauticuge on the Wembre riv er has fallen. The Germans took 40, 000 prisoners, Including four generals Four hundred guns were captured. Prince Frederick William of Jlessu has been wounded. Victory Officially Reported. Washington, Sept. 9. (Wireless to the German embassy) "General houd quarters reports Maubeuue fallen, 40 guns, four generals and 40,000 prison ers captured. The message adds: "Ludwig Frank, the most prominent Socialist in the Reichstag, fell while storming the en emy near Luneville on September 3rd." Mauhcuge is a French fortress of the first-class, six miles from the Relulau frontier. Judging from incomplete news reports the German onslaughts on this position have been going on for a week or more. A London dis patch on September o said a Rritish expeditionary force was at Mauhcugc and assisted the French Garrison, on September 0 Rcrlin reported two Mau beuge forts had fallen and the town was in llames. BALKAN STATES AROUSED; RUMANIA IS IN FRENZY London, Sept. 9. One of the most significant features of the Austrian misfortunes is the growing uneasiness in Rumania and other Ralkan states. Montenegro and Servia already havo taken tho offensive against Austria. Rumania is hungry for territory, and is s-iid to be ready to throw sno.oou veteran troops against Austria. Russia evidently has again begun to advance along the east 1'russian fron tier. A dispatch from Ru barest says the Russian victories in Galicla have aroused the Rumanians almost to fan atic excitement. Thousands of Ru manians indulged in demonstrations in the streets of Rucharet yesterday, In favor of Russia and France. CZAR'S SOLDIERS SUPPLIED WITH EVERY NECESSITY. London, Sept. 9. News dispatches received today from Russia set rortn that. In spite of the vreat speed with which the enormous Russian mobiliza tion was carried ut, the soldiers of Emperor Nicholas are today well sup plied with every necessity. The suk- gestion has been made that there are many places open to doctors who wish to volunteer for duty in the Russian medical service. $100,000 REWARD TO FIRST RUSSIAN ENTERING BERLIN New York, Sept. 9. Tho 4.ondon Morning Post of Aug. 23. copies of which have Just arrived here In the mails, contains a I'etrograd dispatch saying L'0,000 pounds ($100,000) will be awarded to the first Russian soldier who enters Rerlln. The sum was raised by popular subscription In sums ranu- Ing from a ruble to 100 rounds, It is stated. RIGHT IVING OF INVADERS DRIVEN BACK French Center Is Slowly Advanc ing and Paris Reports Situa tion Satisfactory ALLIES REINFORCED Now Outnumber Or At Least Equal Germans; Battle Pro ceeds Furiously Up to early tnis afternoon no fur ther official light was thrown on what probably will be the greatest battle of the war, which is being fought at of Paris from Montmaraille to Verdun and from Verdun to Nancy. Three million men are said to bo en gaged. Advices from Tho Hague are that a state of siege has been proclaimed in a great number of towns on th coast of Holland. Paris, Sept. 9. -(Afternoon) An of ficial communication says the situa tion remains satisfactory. Tho German right is retreating before the English. The French center is slowly advancing. The situation on the right is unchang ed. Cattle Proceeds Furiously. Paris, Sept. 9. Rritish officers and soldiers from the front today declare the four days' battle, which continues east of Paris, is being carried on fur iously. They assert the French have captured a considerable number of field and machine guns, while the Ger mans often surrendered in groups. Battie on Historic Field. London, Sept. a. If inspiration means to a French soldier what It did in the time- of the first Napoleon, the situation today, on the allies' center on the historic field of Chalons, should offer compensation for a disheartening nr nth of rear guard actions. At any rate the allies, now superior, or ut least eual In numbers to the Germans, evidently have hcKun tho offensive. At least 3,000,000 men ure engaged on lnth sides, and us the center of the allies lies on the plaiua of Chalons, true to many prophecies another Arma geddon may take place where Alt ilia, surnamed the "Scourge of God," was defeated by the allies, the Visigoths and Romans, in the bloodiest battle In the world's history. (n these' jda ins centuries later Na poleon conducted the most brilliant campaign of f.is career. Paris Wild With Joy. Paris, Sept. 9. This city went wild with Joy when General Gallienl In per son announced to the waiting newspa-p-r correspondents that the entire French army is now on the offensive, following the flist French victory since the German Invasion. He declared that the Germans were retreating all along the line, and that the French center, about which fear had been felt be cause of the strength of the German armies attacking It had thrown the Germans back with enormous losses. The official announcement declared that the German attack had lost its weight and that, in the west, near Paris, the combined Frem h-Rritlsh line had completely crumpled up the Get man right, taking thousands of prisoners. Although the newspapers left In tho city were not allowed to publish ex tras, they posted the glad tidings on their bulletin boards, and the news was quickly circulated by word of mouth to every. quarter of the city. Populace is Relieved. The announcement took a load off everyone s mind. For nearly a fort nlsht the official reports have told of the retreat of the allies. The feeling had been growing that the French troops had been found unable to with stand the weight of the German attack Even the statements of General J off re that the allies were only waiting the opportunity to' assume the offensive had little weight. When it was not only announced that the allies had actually assumed the offensive, but that the new battle Continues! en 2nd Paoe, 1st Column.