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ASSOCIATED PRESS ALL TODAY'8 NEWS TODAY THE WEATHER. UnMttUd te night and Friday with prob able showers. Fresh easterly winds probably increasing Friday. VOL. XXIII. CALUMET, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY AFTERNOON, SEPTEMBER 10, 1914. NUMBER 276 BELIEVED AUSTRIA IS ABIT READY TO SEEK PEACE; 1WEI BACK 1 BOTH WEST ABU EAST NO PEACE TILL BRITONS BEAT THE GERMANS Britain Determined Not to End War Until She Has Decisive ly Defeated Germany BIG BATTLE CONTINUES Allies Are Driving Kaiser's Forces Back All Along the Line East of Paris Washington,' Sept. 10. Great Rrltaln has determined not to make peace un til she haw decisively defeated Ger 111 any. This sentiment was convoyed to President Wilson I'rom Ambassador Page. rtt(iKrnd, via London, Sept. 10. A Tokio dispatch states that Japan lias joined tlio ugMrinent of tho allies- not to conclude peace without tlie consent of the allied nations. The silencs in Berlin and Bor deaux up to early this afternoon emphasized tho desisivo character of tho battle being fought east of Paris along a line of 100 miles or more. London, Sept. 10. An official state ment Hays: "The hattlfl east of Paris continues. Tho enemy has been driven hack all along the line. Sir John French ' re ports our first corps has hurled 200 (icrman ileml and taken twelve 'Maxim g 11 IIS." Commander French's telegram mows fighting of the; fiercest character Is In progress, and confirms the unof ficial information from other Hources that the counter atUck of the allies was delivered with sii'h speed that the Invaders had no chance to recover from tho effects of th? rush from the north. Germans Are Fatigued. Paris, Sept. 10. All Herman prison ers, of whom 3tM) or more have arrived in Paris, appear f flawed nd harassed and the spirit of the army seems to he everything that Is different from tho conquerors who pushed hack the army (.r defense from the frontier and reach ed the Kates of tho capital In ten days. Whether they hoped to gain time by a tangent movement away from Paris or, as Home military critics suppose, aimed to effect a Junction with the ar my of the crown prince, which was to come from the direction of Louwy, the developments of the last four days prove that It was a grave error. Hope to Join Forces. Tho army, already weakened ly forced marches, constant fighting en route. Is now further enfeebled by the engagements of the last four days. Is not, In the opinion of experts, prepar ed for such a big enterprise as the siege of Paris, even if it retrieve its fortunes In the battle now in progress. The only hope of the Hermans there fore lies In the armies on the north eastern frontier coming to the rescue and this hope now seems too long de fei red. Accounts of wounded soldiers who readied Paris Indicate that tho result f the three days' Hunting In the Champagne country has been more fa vorable to the allies than at first sup posed. They say the Merman losses In killed were enormous, and that a great num ber of nrisnnori urro taken. One French officer estimates tho prisoners "t 30,000. Tho Champagno district Includes parts of the departments of Mame, Ar dennes, Aube and Haute-Marne.' Reports German Defeat. Hen. Oallleno, military governor of Furls, announces that the allies had thrown back the German Invading ar my along tho whole line extending 'rem Meaux. near Pails, to Chateau Nenlis, in Ixrralne. He paid that the Germans were re treating; over the whole front and that Continued on 2nd Pag., 2nd Column. QUEEN'S GUARD ALLEY IS THE SCENE OF MANY TOUCHING INCIDENTS. London, Sept. 10. Crowds besiege Queen's (iuard alley seeking Informa tion from the inquiry department of the war oflbe concerning the de.nl and Injuicd in oiig.meiiionts along the Rel gian frontier. ( no elderly woman, dressed in mourning is seldom missing from the crowd. She lost a son in the liner war and has two sons with the expedition ary force. "I've learnied to wait," she remarked to an olllcer who offered the dally exc use that the list was not com pleted. "It's all a woman tan do after she has worn her eyes out knitting and sewing for the men at the front, but somehow I feel better standing here than I do at home. 1 can talk to these younger women who are looking for news of their husbands. I know how to sympathize with them." Many of the women become hysteri cal. Their nerves are shattered by ttieir viuil and they denounce the pa tient ofllcers for the slowness of the war olllces in getting news from the front. ENGLAND WILL HAVE TOTAL OF 1,400,000 MEN Premier Asquith Makes Request For Half Million More Soldiers Ijondon, Sept. 10. Premier Asquith today asked parliament to add another half million men. wf all ranks, to tho regular army. Tills will bring the total in all ranks to 1,400,0(11), nn unprecedented figure for Groat Rrltaln. India Is sending Croat P.rltaln 70,000 troops, "Kitchener's pets," as they have been called since Field Marshal Kitchener reorganized the Indian ar my. They Include the army of occupa tion and the native forces. Tho latter are to be commanded by their princes and chiefs. Resides this, India is to pay the cost of transporting her troops to Europe and the Indian princes are sending really fabulous gifts to tho war funds being raised in their own country and England. The dominions and the colonies have placed their ships, men anil money at the disposal of the home government, so that the whole forces of the em pire have been recruited against her enemy. The report that a great Russian force had gone to join tho allies In France seems to have risen from the fact that Russian reservists from Kng land, the United States and other countries, who could not get to their own country, at the desire of Emperor Nicholas, joined the French army. In the Fulled Kingdom recruiting continues. Men are Joining the colors by thousands all over the country. Troops to Leave Hong Kong. Shanuhal, China, Sept. 10. Reports received here from Hong Kong say that the Ilritlsh, Cornwall nnd Glou cestershire regiments have been or dered to Marseilles. The troops will leave Hong Kong, September 14. using the Pacific Mail line steamer Nile as a transport. The Nil will be accom panied by the hospital ship Helta and the two essels will be conveyed by a Ilritlsh cruiser. SULLIVAN AND SHERMAN NAMED; CANNON COMES BACK Chicago, Sept. 10. Revised returns this morning confirmed last night's re port of the most Important primary nominations Roger C. Sullivan, Dem ocrat, and Senator Sherman, Republi can, for United States senator, and Joseph G. Cannon, Republican, for Congress In the Danvillo district. Sullivan's plurality over Stringer was about fio.ooo, of which fio.ooo was given to him In Cook county. For the Cook county Judgeship, Scully, Sullivan's candidate, leads Owens, the present Incumbent, by 741 on returns from 1.4.8 out of 1,70.1 pre cincts. BRITISH NURSE WOUNDED. Paris. Sept. 10. The Journal says that among the wounded arriving In Paris yesterday was a young Ilritlsh unrse who had been struck by a Gor i...itnt nn she was attending a wounded German sold.er. PEACE PACTS WITH THE U.S. TO BE SIGNED England, France, Spain, China Endorse Treaties of Far Reaching Importance PREVENT SUDDEN WAR Germany, Russia, Japan, Turkey and Greece Also to Sign Simi lar Agreements Washington, Sept. 10. In tho midst of the Kuropean war, Great Hrllain, France, Spain and China have agreed to sign peace coinmlsson treaties with the Fnited States. The treaties are ready for signature and are regarded by. President Wilson and Secretary Hryan of far-reaching importance. One effect will be to prevent the United States being uiawn "tiddcnf into conllicf. Similar ngreementa with Turkey nnd Greece nre almost' ready for signature. Germany, Russia and Japan have signified their acceptance of these treaties, though the negotiations have not advanced to the point of drafting tho conventions. Await Wilson's Reply to Kaiser. Kmperor William's cabled protest to President Wilson against the use by tho armies of iliim diim bullets, nnd the participation In the war by Rol glum civilians, nnd the nature of Wil son's reply, were anxiously awaited In diplomatic and other circles today. Tho kaiser did not ask Wilson to take any ac tion, it is learned. Peace Talk "Still In Air." President Wilson said he would re ply to Kmperor William's message, which contained nothing that could, be construed us a desire for peace nego tiations. The president said the talk about peace was "still in the air." MEAT IN SOLDIER'S FOOD. French Fighter's Bill of Fare Also Contains Soup and Sugar. Paris, Aug. 27. Following is tho dally bill of fare of tho French sol diers in tho field: Vegetable soup, tnado with an ounce and a half of mashed vegetables. Army biscuit, twenty ounces. Rice (or beans), seven ounces. Fresh meat, sixteen ounces (or can ned meat, twelve ounces.) Coffee, three-quarters of an ounce. 8ugar, one ounce. Total food alowance is nearly three pounds a day. As extras, the private soldier re ceives from time to time fresh vege tables, such as potatoes, carrots and cabbage, and occasionally wine. The extras depend wholly on tho ability of tho commissary department to pur chase such supplies on the march. AUSTRALIANS ARE PLANNING TO TAKE PART IN WAR. Washington, I. C, Sept. 10. Sir Ed ward Grey, minister of foreign affairs from Great Hrltaln, sent this message to the embassy here today: "Tho government and pooplo of Aus tralia have telegraphed, expressing their Intense admiration of tho gallant manner In which the Ilritlsh troops have acquitted themselves. "Their splendid valor,' their tele gram cincludes, 'has made us still prouder of the grand old flag.' "The governor-general of the com monwealth has telegraphed as follows to the colonial office; "'All ranks commonwealth defense forces congratulate army and navy on their splendid achievements. Aus tralian forco early look forward to Joining their comrades In the field." MERCHANT SHIPS SUNK. Paris, Sept. 10. A dispatch from lloideaux to the llavas agency states that two German merchant ships have been sunk In tho Atlantic by the French cruisers Condo and Descartes, aided by the Rrltlsh cruiser flJrlstol. BRITONS MUST CONSERVE THEIR PENNIES FOR WAR, ASSERTS LLOYD GEORGE. London, Sept. 10. "We must hus band our resources If we come out tri umphant in this war," says David Lloyd George, chancellor of the ex chequer. "We want every penny we can raise to help fight the enemy." The chancellor was replying to a deputation from the municipalities who wanted the help of the treasury In obtaining loans at cheap rates. "We must come out triumphant In this struggle." continued the chancel lor, "and us finance Is going to play a very important part In it, we do not want a penny spent which is not ab solutely essential to relieve distress. In my Judgment the last few hundred millions may win this war. of course, Rrltish tenacity und Rrltlsh courage always come In, and they always will. Hut bt us remember that Ilritlsh cash tells too." PROVIDES THREE PERCENT TAX ON FREIGHT Ways and Means Committee Com pletes War Revenue Measure Washington, Sept. 10. The Demo cratic ways and means committee has completed the war icvenue tax bill. It provides for a three per cent tax on nil frnl yl lrnrk' f Win nn iiwrniisn of tity ceifis, Mi'l'ei t woniy cenia on all domestic wines. This will net an estimated revenue of f 107.000,000 a year. President Wilson has agreed to the freight tax, although he at first op posed it. President Wilson opposes nn In crease in the Income tax ns part of the program for raising additional revenue for the government. House Icudcr Underwood, Chair man Simmons of the Senato finance committee, and Chairman Fltgerald of the House appropriations committee, conferred with the president and were told that. In his opinion, an Increased Income tax would not be suitable In the emergency, because no returns would be 'realized until next J ear. In his message to Congress on the sub ject, the president asked that sources of revenue be selected which would respond quickly. HEROISM SAVED BRITISH FROM ANNIHILATION General French Gives Graphic Ac count of Battle in France London, Sept. 10. Many English breakfasts were untasted this morn ing while the people read a graphic ac count by Field Marshal French, com mander of the Ilritlsh forces on the continent, of the heroic fight by the Ilritlsh expeditionary force to keep from being annihilated. Like a wildcat pursued by hounds the Ilritlsh backed stumiornly towurd the River Oise, constantly showing Its teeth, but realizing it must attain tho river or perish. General French's frank confession has fallen like a bombshell on the Enelish public, who, up to the present time, had not boon permitted to Know how hard pressed their army had been. On August 26 the Ilritlsh forces faced the bulk anil strength of four German army corps, and were In danger of be ing surrounded and destroyed. The heroic stand of General Dorrien on the Ilritlsh left undoubtedly saved the day. On this day the Ilritlsh stood alone, even the French cavalry, on ac count of the exhaustion of their horses, being unable to cover tho retreat. The text of Field Marshal French's report, covering the Ilritlsh operations since his forces landed In France, wns made public today. It was published In the London Gazette, the official organ, and Indicates the government Is re sponding to the public demand for full information. The feeling of optimism which has prevailed In England for the last twenty-four hours, has had only one check. CZAR'S ARMY STRIKES OUT FOR BERLIN With Austria Disposed ot Bat tle Line ot 300 Miles May Sweep Germany BRESLAU MAY FALL Russians Driving Germans Be fore Them on West Bank of the Vistula Rome, Sept. 10. A Vienna dispatch says: "The advance guards of the Russian tenter nre marching toward Ileilln. Russian troops have invaded Silesia und the capture of Rreslau is immi nent. Petrograd reports the Russians are driving tho Germans before them on tho western bank of the Vistula. The Russian advance now occupies almost a straight ll:w from Konh'.wbct nt the Rattle In East Prussia to Cracow It is believed a stout stand by the Germans and Austrians will be made at Cracow. If Russia forces Austria to sue for peace In the near future, ns now np pears likely, a tremendous battle line of two hundred to three hundred miles long may sweep into the German em pire. Servian troops have crossed the river Save and invaded Hungary. The Montenegrins are in Hosnia. Siberian Troops Are Ready. Harbin, Sept. K. Tho mobilization of the Russian troops In Siberia has be n completed and the regiments are being sent west as rapidly as possible by the Trans-Siberian railroad. Only military trains are running. DECLARES U. S. PACKERS CONTROL ARGENTINE BEEF. Xew York, Sept. 10. Reef packers of the United States nre now In full con trol of the Argentine output of beef thus destroying the value of Argen tine beef ns a competitive check on the price of native beef, according to testimony given before Chief Magis trate McAdoo at the inquiry Into the advance of food prices. Jacob Rloch, member of a firm own ing several meat markets in this city, asserted that every bit of beef from Argentina must now bo bought from the American packers. As an instance of how this control Influenced the price, this witness said that at one time beef hearts could bo bought for 25 cents each. When tho American packers obtained control of tho Argentine output beef hearts were put In cold storage, thus diminishing the supply so that today the cost of there hearts is about $1.60 each. MERCHANT CRUISER OCEANIC OF BRITISH FLEET WRECKED. London. Sept. 10. The official press bureau Issued the following announce ment last night: "The merchant cruiser Oceanic of the White Star line was wrecked yes terday near the north coast of Scot land and has become a total loss. All the officers and the crew were saved. The Oceanic made her last trip from New York to Southampton early last August nnd was then taken over by the Itritish government nnd converted Into an armed cruiser. She was bul'.t in 1SII9 at Itelfast. was r.sfi feet long and measured 17,274 tons gross. GERMAN SAILORS IN BRUSSELS. London, Sept. 10. A Ghent dispatch says: "Thirty-five thousand German sail ors have arrived In llrussels In the past two days. Indicating the Gorman re serve has completely mobilized." This wns the report of the wreck of the steamer Oceanic. The Oceanic ran ashore. She had been taken over for government serv ice. All her officers and crew were saved. PRINCE VON BUELOW EXHORTS ITALIANS TO UNITE WITH GERMANY. Rome, Hcpt. 10. Germany, realizing the Impossibility of intimidating Italy, Is resorting to persuasion with the ob ject of convincing Italians that the salvation of their country lies with Germany, If. Is believed in official cir cles. Former Chancellor Prince von Hue low, who married a daughter of tho late Minister Slgnor Mlnghetti, and who boasts he is Italian by marriage, solemnly warns Italy that it must Join Get many. In an Interview with von Iluelow, widely circulated here, where the prince has many friends, the prince says Italy will commit a scerious mis take if It abandons its long standing allies. Von Hnelow predicted Italy's ruin if Pan-Slavism triumphs, and concludes by pointing out that Italy's abandon ment of Germany and Austria would constitute a violation of international law unparalleled in history. HELD PRISONERS IN FILTHY JAIL RY GERMANS American Correspondents, Finally Released, Reach Netherlands Rotterdam, Sept. 10. A party of Am erican correspondents, who accompan ied the German army for nearly Iwj weeks across llelglum and Into France, arrived. on Dutch. foil today after be ing held prisoners by the Germans for four days under unusual circum stances. The party crossed the Dutch border without permission of the authorities. Tho party included Roger Lewis of the Associated Press, Irving Cobb of the Saturday Evening Post, James o'Don nell Rennett, John T. McCutcheon and Harry Hansen, ull of Chicago. For the last week the party has been un der surveillance tit Aix-la-Chapello. After being told they were prisoners the Americans were locked up with three other correspondents, .Maurice Gerbault, a Relgian, Lawrence Stevens, an American artist, formerly of De troit, and Victor Hennebeard, King Albert's special photographer. Stevens had been sentenced to be shot as tin English spy. The jail was filthy, harboring a large number of prisoners. One side of the Jail was stacked with tons of German high explosives. The French prisoners were constantly light ing cigarettes under cover of straw bedding. The Americans nnd the three other suspects were finally removed to a small cafe adjoining the prison. During their Imprisonment the Am ericans were visited by an intoxicated Gel man oilleer, who called then! Eng lish spies, saying: "Ah. they all call themselves Ameri cans, but they speak English." At Reaumont the correspondents saw hundreds of French and English pris oners being brought from Maubeugc. All were treated well. FIRST VETERAN OF WAR TO REACH THIS COUNTRY. Xew York. Sept. 10. The first vet eran of tho present European war to reach the United States arrived In New York aboard the steamer J-ap-land. He was Alois von Nieuwonhau sen of Gibson City, 111., a Relgian, who wounded in one of the battles before Liege. He went to eHlgium about six months ago to buy horses for an Illi nois horse-breeder. He was drafted Into the army nnd served in several of the battles. Refore Liege, a (Ger man bullet passed through his right hip. After this he was able to get his release. GERMAN SQUADRON OF 31 SHIPS MOVING EAST IN GULF OF BOTHNIA. London. Sept. 10. A Copenhagen dispatch announces that a German squadron of thirty-one ships, Includ ing battleships, cruisers. torpedo boats nnd destroyers, has been ob served at various points along the Gulf of Itothnla, steaming east. MUST NOT LEAVE ITALY. London. Sept. 10. Telegraphing from Geneva, Switzerland, a corres pondent of the Central News says In formation has reached him from Lu gano, near the Italian frontier to the i ffect that nil Italians Itelonglng to the 1SS2 and 1X8S classes of reservists have been forbidden to leave the country. MAY SUE FOR PEACE WITHIN TWOWEEKS Austria May Take This Step to Avoid Complete Break up of the Empire FACES COMPLETE ROUT Elimination of Dual Monarchy Would Have Tremendous ' Effect on War London, Sept. 10. A Chronicle Pet rograd dispatch says: "In Russian and foreign diplomatic circles it Is believed Austria will sue for peace within a fortnight, as tho only means of avoiding a complete break-up of the empire, owing to growing Internal troubles." Exultant messages from Petrograd, and admissions of disasters from Vienna, indicate that the long series of military misfortunes marking the his tory of the dual monarchy are about to be capped with an unparalleled de bacle, which may not only open the road to Herlin but bring Austria to sue for peace. The armies In the west seem to be pausing to watch the fate of the full drama In Galicia, the outcome of which may have a tremendous effect on the plans of the invaders In the western theater of war as well as upon the al? lies themselves in that region. News from llelglum indicates the Germans are preparing for eventuali ties by rushing reinforcements south ward. The Russian advance has been so speedy that the German divisions ad vancing on the Vistula are hardly likely to arrive in time to assist their sorely pressed ally In Galicin. Lots of 120,000 Men Admitted. London, Sept. 10. A dispatch from Rome says: "A mossaue from Vienna states it Is officially admitted there that Archduke Fiederick lost 120.000 men In the re cent Gallcian battles, or one-fourth of his entire command. "The Germans are marching toward Poland to assist the Austrians, but be fore this aid can be given they must cross the Vistula, where the Russians are preparing to check them." Austrians Meet With Disaster. Rome, Sept. 10. A Vienna dispatch sa s : "According to Gallcian advices the Austrians resumed the offensive against tho Russians with disastrous results. There have been further great Austrian losses." Austrians Evacuating Cracow? London, Sept. 10. A Petrograd dls- pitch says tho Austrian nuva begun evacuating Cra- ow. 'MUCKIE" M'DONALD AND PALS ARRESTED BY THE STATE TROOPS IN BUTTE Rutte, Mont., Sept. 10. "M tickle" McDonald, fugitive president of the Rutte Mine Workers' union; Joseph Rrndloy, vice president; Thomas J. Co.le and Mrs. Florence Gillis, pro prietress of a rooming house, were ar rested late yesterday by Major D. J. Donohue and a posse. MacDotiald and Rrndley are charged with complicity In the recent deporta tion of Edward O'Hrien, a miner. Coyle and Mrs. Gillis are held pending in vestigation. MacDonald and Rradley had been hiding in the rooming hnjse for five das, coming to the city after the ar rest of two men who had been carry ing provisions to them. MacDonald ventured forth to a Tostaurant nnd was seen by detectives. KAISER STILL AN ADMIRAL IN THE BRITISH NAVY. London. Sept. 10. Tho Express says that the resignation of Emperor Wil liam from his office ns admiral of the Itritish fleet does not appear to have reached the authorities in Inndon. The September navy list still Includes his name among the honorary officers and also that of Prince Henry of Prussia.