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ASSOCIATED PRESS ALL TODAY'S NEWS TODAY THE WEATHER. Cloudy and unsettled weether tonight and Saturday. GERMANS ARE POURING INTO LEFT FRENCH BELGIAN BARRICADE. ON LOUVAIN ROAD VOL. XXIII. CALUMET, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY AFTERNOON, SEPTEMBER 11, 1914. " : NUMBER 277 I ! !i A A A .t. A ... ... ...... . TT " ' . . . .- -.- -.- tt v v v v j GERMANS PUSHED STEADILY BACK ON THE RIGHT; BATTLE STILL DRAW AT OTHER POINTS At Some Points Invaders Have Retired 37 to 46 Miles; Gain at Cham paigne and in Lorraine GERMANY AND ITS ALLY NOT TO MAKE PEACE SEPARATELY Copenhagen, Sept. 11. The Votische Zeitung of Berlin de Clares that previous to the out- break of the war, Germany and Austria agreed not to make peace separately. : : : : WOUNDED TO DIE ON FIELD Associated Press Man Tells of German Invasion of Bel EAST PRUSSIA Large Forces Assume Offensive and Russian Advance Guard Is Retreating AUSTRIANS ARE ROUTED Petrograd Claims Forces of Czar PANIC RULES IN AUSTRIA SAYS CORRESPONDENT Reports That the Soldiers Mutiny and the Civilians Riot gium and France BEAT THE ALLIES BACK at Lublin London, Sept. 11. A Petrograd dis- pntch to the Times says; "Large Gorman forces havo detrain- t-d nt Tchonstochow, and to the oast ward the stream of German conlin UfH." Crrmaii troops transported from theemPirc dragged reluctantly London, Sopt. 11. "Panic rules in Austria," telegraphs the Daily Mail's Milan correspondent, who has been in Vienna. At thu same time German newspapers that have reached Imndnn lisclose a proclamation in which Aus- (li.i sought the help of Russian Pedand end promised "equal rights" to the Jews there. Explaining the cause of the "panic In Austria," the 'Mail's correspondent wires: 'The groat, unwieldy nnd bonkrupt ut the west have concentrated along the riv- I noeia of Germany, is in a state of des er Alio and are now marching in long Pirate fear. Her armies, half-hearted columns in an easterly direction nndat llrst and now openly mutinous, are crossing the Masurle Lukes. The n;UK Ht every point by the Russian advance guard is retreating I Russians to the east. ino policy or mixing In each com Will Attack tho Russian Rear. l'n.v men of the .lilTerent races which T umlnn Ki.nt 11 V f .turn Yf. iron I ' emi'iic lias Iiaei Hie IP- dispatch says General von Ponecken eloiff Ilindonburg has defeated the left tlunk of the Russian army in East Prussia with his eastern urmy and there opened the way for an attack on the Russian rear. Crown Prince Transferred? London, SepN 11. According to Petrograd dispatch to tho Exchange Telegraph company, It is believed there that the German crown prince has been appointed commander-in-chief of the forces opposing Russia. Claim Austrian Hopelessly Beaten. London, Sept. 11. A Times Petro grad dispatch say:' "Although some of tho Austrian ar my corps at Lublin probably will make pood their retreat, official dispatches describe the rout of Generals Dankl nnd Auffenburg In such a way as to warrant the Inference that the enemy is hopelessly beaten." ' The army of Oen. Von Auffenburg lias pustalned very heavy losses. One entire regiment of heavy In fantry was surrounded by a Cossack column and cut off. It surrendered with all equipment. The Russians continue to capture the enemy's guns by a series of bril liant attacks which have completely terrorized the enemy. German Troops From West, Washington. Sept. 11. The Russian embassy last night issued the following statement: "The success gained by our troops over tho Austro-Germnn army at Krasnik on September 9 Is developing on the front from Tomaszow and Rown Ruska to the river Dniester. Serious fighting is In progress. "(Sermon troops transported from the western front have been concen trated in Kast Prussia on the river Alio. On September 9 they began to advance In considerable column through the Mazur lake regions. Our advance troops, delaying tho enemy. fell back In on easterly direction." Germans Losses Are Heavy. London, Sept. 11. The correspond ent of the Times at Petrograd sends the following: "The extent of the losses during the first six weeks of the war places all previous casualties far In the back ground. Not less than 10,000 dead Oermans were counted In the trenches after one engagement in eastern Prussia. "On the fateful Sept. 1. when two Russian corps came to death grips with four Oerman corps north of Sol dati, tho losses of both sides totalled between 60,000 and 70.000, the majori ty being Germans." Denies Russian Successes. Manchester, Mass., Sept. 11. Dr. Konstantln Theodor Dumba, Austro Hungarlan ambassidor to the United States, last night mad! public the fol lowing wireless mesa? from the for eign secretary of hi government, fount von Rerchtold, in Vienna: "Emperor continues to enjoy best of henlth. "Another battle begun In lemberg suit that there is no esprit do corps in the army. The men were driven Into trains at the point of the bayonet nnd scores were shot by their officers to terrorize their fellows into obed ience. "While the Russian avalanche drives on, Itosnla Is In open revolt and Trl est paralyzed by fear of attack from sea. Business Men Ruined. Austria Is bankrupt, trade at a standstill and thousands of business men are ruined by a war which they hate. "While thy harvest remain ungnth ered, Vienna is menaced by a famine and prices are steadily rising. In re sentment tho popular anger has turn ed against the foreigner. "Serhs have been torn to pieces In the streets. Two Russian newspaper correspondents were ahot by the po lice. "In utter fear, the government has begun to fortify Vienna. Arrange ments have been made to flood large tracts nround the city. Riots have oe currcd In many towns. 'To the terrora of the Cossack and the Herb will be added those of revo lotion and famine." An Appeal to Jews. The proclamation issued by Austria to the Jews in Poland says: "The heroic armies of the mid-Eur openn states of Oermany and Austri; Hungary have entered Poland. Our flags bring Justice, freedom and equal tights as citizens, religious freedom and freedom to live undisturbed in economic nnd cultural life. "To long you have suffered under the iron yoke of Moscow. come as friends. The foreign barbarian yoke is gone. "A new era begins for Poland. We will use all our strength to put It on a sure foundation of equal rights for the Jews. Do not be deluded by the flattering promises of the czar. "Think of the awful banishment of the great, masses of Jews; think of tho titles of Kishinev, Gomel, Plalystok and Sedlec and their hundreds of po groms. Now that the czar feels himself be tween the hammer and the anvil, he renews his promises. Your sacred duty is to work with all your might for freedom." Swept Like Tide Through Land; Neglected the Enemy's Fallen Soldiers Russian news about 70,000 prisoners taken by Russians on that occasion also pure invention. As to denial of Auffenbutg's victory, refer to respec live official announcements of Austrian military headquarters. Vestnlk will by Its lies not succeed In hiding our victories." To this the ambassador added: The above mentioned official an nouncement on September 2 mentioned the Russians' repulse over the Hug river, suffering heavy losses In men and losing 1"0 guns." Austrians Deserted by Officers. Rome. .Scot. 11. A number or wounded Austrians who have arrived district. Russlnns persist in spreading nt Tr(08tc state that during the battle false reports about alleged Russian I at Lemberg, nil the Austrian officers victories, Intending ? relieve depress-1 j three battalions fled, leaving the ed public feeling In nonce. battalions in tho woods, where they "Energetic protest of kaiser to Pros-1 wpre unnlhllated. Only fifty men es- Ident Wilson against barbarism, use (.)0,j. of dum-dum bullets, c died forth here Russian Reports Are Denied. warmest response. I Rotterdam, Sept. 11. (An ninotai "Pour thousand Servian prisoners m merman communication denies that the war passed through nuda-Pest today Russians have taken many prisoners on the way to Essetergom to be en- Bt Lemberg, that the fortress of Irzm- camped with 20,000 Russians already yse surrounded by the Russians and there. that the Russians are advancing on "Austrian official correspondence Cracow. I'ureau denies energetically latenient Servians Occupy Semlin. of official Russian paper Vesinik about Nlsh. Sept. 11. The Servians nccu alleged great victories of Russians In pled Semlin, across the river from Lemberg; states once more Austrian Retgrade. this morning, arter a uioo.iy evacuated Lemberg without a fight. battle. London, Sept. 11. The correspond ent of the Associated Press, who hits been through ltclglum, sends a mes sage from Rotterdam which is heav ily censored, but which appears to havo been an account of the Invasion of Kelgiuin obtained from the (Jer man point of view. Hu says: from mussels the German army poured over southern l!elluui into France like a tlood tide, joining in tho south of Hclghim with other army corps. ' "They crossed the French border without serious resistance, the French scattering before them in great dis order and leaving behind much war material. "Several rear guard actions occur red, resulting In considerable lossca to both sides, bringing up the losses of the Germans in Helglum to 50,000. "Innumerable skirmishes occurred In the direction of Maubeuge from Aug ust 23 to '26. At Pray, Just west of Itln che, the French und ICnglish were re pulsed. "Engagements In the vicinity of Rulsslere and Thuin constituted the most determined resistance by tho al lies. . . . . - v "After two days of continued artil lery duel, which swept the surround ing country and demolished every structure, the entire right wing of the allies was withdrawn far to the south westward. This gave the Germans an opportunity to sweep through Peau mont nnd approach Maubeuge from the south. Meanwhile other corps had ap proached Maubeuge from the north en tirely Investing tho fortress. "The Knglishnnd French on August 23rd were driven across the Sambre river, where on the south bank, along a thirty mile front, fighting continued for three days." The correspondent first saw actual firing in the direction of Mnubengo on August 2C, but when he reached the scene of the recent engagement the firing lines had advanced ten miles southward. Oerman wounded were immediately cared for and tho dead burled, while the French dead were left tinhurled and the wounded In pome oases re mained on the battlefield for three days before receiving attention. A ..large proportion of the French wounded died from long exposure nnd from the lack of food and drink. I saw a duel between French and Oerman aeroplanes, the aviators los lng control and the machines falling to earth like meteors." 5' si-&$fji3ri?tyzzw 4. y ROUWiA AND BULGARIA ARE ( worm Russia Littlo Kingdoms Cast Their Lots With Triple Entente ROUMANIA, GREECE AND BULGARIA WILL KEEP TURKEY OUT OF WAR. London. Sept. 11. It Is reported that Roumania, Giecce. and Pulgaria have agreed to prevent Turkish Intervention In the war in behalf of Germany and Austria. ACCUSE GERMANS OF MAKING EXCUSE TO USE DUM DUMS. Pordeaux, Sept. 11. The French foreign office received a note protest ing strongly aualnst the statements given to the American press by the Oerman government accusing the al lies of using dum dum bullets. "It Is to be feared that thes charges," the note says, "are but a pre text for the use of dum dum bullets bv tho German troops, as well as to cause a reaction of American opinion In favor of the German army. "The German government Is carry ing on a similar campaign In Copen hagen." Trying to Shift Responsibi'ity. Washington, Sept. 11. President olncare of France has cabled Presi dent Wilson a reply to the protest of Emperor William, which charged the allies with using dum dum bullets. 'olncare declared the kaiser has been attempting to shift the responsibility for the use of dum dums practically since the outbreak of the war. GERMAN PAPERS ARE NOW PRINTING NEWS FROM ABROAD Perlln, Sept. 11. The Herlln cen sors are now permitting the local pa pers to publish "dispatches from abroad, and from these the people of Serlln have learned that great events aro now taking place. 20,000 PRIESTS FIGHTING IN THE FRENCH ARMY. Paris, Sept. 11. The FlJaro prints statement that there are about 20,- 000 priests serving In the ranks of the French army. Kuc hares t. Roumania, Sept. 11. The effort of Emperor Francis Joseph to secure the fuptort of I '.ou mania in the present war has failed. The diplo macy of the Russians has won. If Roumania takes part In tho present general war It will ho with Servia ami Montenegro and against Germany and Austria. This is admitted here today. And It is also considered certain Bulgaria will follow the example of Roumania in any future action. In fact that Is declared already to have been arrang ed In a series of communications be tween Roumanian and the pulgarlan foreign office. The sympathy of tho Roumanian throne Is entirely with Germany and Austria. Put tho people are so en thusiastic over the Russian victories In Gallcia and Pukovlna, where Rou mania has territorial aspirations, that nny attempt to como to the rescue of Austria at this time would Immediate ly result In a general revolution. There is a general feeling here that J Austria, no matter what the outeoms of the war, is certain to lose n Rood part of her territory. It is also con sidered certain that Roumania will re ceive pukovlna as her prize for either passive or active support of the Rus sian cause. This belief permeates all classes and as a result every Intima tion of a Russian victory Is received throughout all Roumania with demon strations of wild enthusiasm. There has always been Intense hatred of Austria through jaclal rea sons and this is having Its effect with the royal family. Pu'.garia had agreed to assist Ger many in the war. o tar bail tne agreement gone that German officers had been sent to assist tho Pulgaiian army which was to be commissioned to subdue Servia. When news of this development reached Petrograd the czar sent a personal aid to see his hereditary godson, Prince Doris. The latter was shown the entire plans of campaign, especially those that relat ed to the Austrian cause. So start ling were these revelations, it Is stated. especially regarding the total unpre paredness of the Austrian nrmy, that Prince Ports promptly vetoed all sug gestions of aiding Austria and Germany. Pulgaria will remain neutral unless Turkey enters the war. If she does. It Is likely that a Roumanian Pulgarlan combination will nt once be organized and an Immediate offensive campaign against Turkey will be begun. This will obviate the necessity of Russia detach ing troops to prevent an Invasion of Russia by Turkey. 20,030 JAPANESE LANDED TO NORTH OF KIAO-CHAU Peking, Sept. 11. A telegram from German sources states ti;.it the Japa nese landed 20,(io( m.'ii at Luagki.. (a town on the norilien coast of tlo Slian-tung peninsula) and that they aro now advancing toward Chaouan (a town about HO miles north of K io Chan). The Japanese censorship Is com plete. Even Chinese officials in the territory occupied by the Japanese are prevented from communicating frectv with Peking, while telegraphic com munication witli 'JViiu-tao hua been Intel rupted for a week. Mail advices fiom Tsing-tno dated September 3, say that the report that Germans ure compelling Chinese la borers to assist in the construction of defenses is untrue. The Chinese de serted Tslng-tno expecting a bombard ment of the city by the Japanese but finding a livelihood outsldo the district of Klao-Chau impossible, returned In great numbers. tuber Chinese reports declare that Japanese, dressed aw Chinese), aie spy ing the vicinity of Tslng-tao while German scouts are watching the Jap anese approach. KEY TO OUTCOME OF THE WORLD'S GREATEST RATTLE LIES IN CENTER The key to the ultimate outcome of what perhaps will be the great est battle in history, .till raging on the plains of Champaign, east of Paris, lies in the center. For five days the tide of battle has ebbed and flowed with terrif.e fosses on both sides, but without permanent advantage to either side On the German right wing, where the Germans are opposed to the British, Germany officially admits retirement, but not defeat as first re ported because of an error in the transmission of" messages. Important news comes from East Prussia, where the Russians ap pear to have made little if any progress since their reverse at Allenstein They are reported to be bombarding the fortified capital of Konige berg The indications are the Germans are moving in force toward Ko-nigsberg. London, Sept. 11. The official press bureau says: "The general retirement of the ene my continues. "Prhlsh forces yesterday captured l.'.OO prisoners, including wounded, and several guns und large quantities of supplies." Paris, Sept. 11. (Afternoon) News from the fighting line east of Paris is to tne effect that the Germans at some points have retired from thirty tievcn to forty-six miles. BERLIN SAYS REPORTS OF DESTRUCTION OF BELGIAN TOWNS ARE EXAGGERATED. Washington, Sept. 11. The German embassy received the following wire ess from Ikrlin. "Uerr llelfferlch, director of tho Deutsche bank, after touring in Pel giium, states: 'News of tho destruction of Pel glan towns Is exaggerated. Verviers and Tirlemont, Industrial centers, and Chartered, are eiuite intact; Louvain and Dlnant are only partly destroyed.' "After the surrender of Ghent, German officer was Insidiously killee and another wounded. "Tho Russian cavalry burned from sheer lust of destruction, although there was no fighting in that district the splendid castlo of Count Mlrbach the Russian parliamentarian." ENGLISH TROOPS DEFEAT GERMANS IN FIGHT IN BRITISH CENTRAL AFRICA OFFICERS OF U. S. ARMY WOULD SEE, WAR MOVES. Paris, Sept. 11. IT. S. Precklnrldge. the American assistant secre-tary of war, Is at present negotiating with the French and Piitish ministers of war or permission for officers of the Am- rlcan army to observe the operations at tho front. FRENCH SAID TO HAVE RETAKEN MUELHAUSEN. Ixmdon, Sept. 11. A dispatch from Pasel, Sw it.rlanil. says the French havo re-captured Meulhausen. London. Sept. 11. Pritish troops have met and defeated a German force which entered N'yassnland, Piitish Central Africa, according to an an nounceinenl made by the official press bureau, which aelds: "The Germans lost seven officers killed anil two weiunded, two field and two machine guns. The loss among the rank and file has not leen nscer tallied, but was heavy. Tho Pritish loss nniong the whites was four killed and four wounded; hiss among- the rank and file not ascertained." TURKISH HEIR TO THRONE AND WAR MINISTER SHOOT AND WOUND EACH OTHER Paris, Sept. 11. A dispatch from Rome says: "I Hiring a discussion of Turkey's political policy, Enver Fash a, the Turkish war minister, shot and slight ly wounded the crown prince of Tur key, who returned tho fire, shooting Pasha In the leg. "Another version says the war min ister has since died of his wounds." DECLARE WOUNDED ARE WORRYING THE GERMANS. Paris, Sept. 11. It Is understood here that the Germans are finding great difficulty In disposing of their wounded, and this In spite of their splendid organization. On the other hand the allies are encountering no such trouble, their rear being perfect ly free for the transportation of men put out of action to hospital In the provincial centers of France where they are being oared for. AUSTRIAN TORPEDO BOAT IS REPORTED BLOWN UP. Rome, Sept. 11. The Trlbuna says an Austrian torpedo lsat was blown up fifty miles south of Trlest. Washington. Sept. 11. The French embassy has received from Bordeaux the following, dated today, but pre sumably written last night: "Toejay marked advances against the Oerman right wing havt? been gained by our troops. To the north of Lnfeit Sous Jouarre the first German army was obliged to recross the Marne, and yesterday night, below a line formed by the River Ladhins and Mezy and Fere en Tardenois, the Marne valley was free from German troops, accord ing to Pritish aviation corps. "Oar troops at Champalgne were forced by the third German army to retire to Gourgancon and Salons, but part e.f what we lost was regained. "The fifth German army, before Vasslnoourt in the Argonne, was at tacked by our troops. We progressed slightly. "The Fort Genicourt in the Meuse was attacked by the Germans. "Slight progress was made on the road to Chateau Salins in Irraine by the sixth German army In the forest of Champenolx. Part of that advance was lost. "There Is no official confirmation tnnt Maubeuge has been taken. Tho garrison is not half what the German agene is say." German Official Statement. Washington, Sept. 11. The German embassy today received the following wireless from Perlln: "Headtiuarters on Thursday, in the first official reports, says that In the battle east of Paris the Germans ht Id their own In a heavy two clays' fight against superior forces attacking be tween Meaux, Montmirai!9 and from the direction of Paris. We captured fifty guns and several thousand pris oners, but retired on the right flank when tho advance of strong hostile columns was reported. The enemy failed to pursue. "Headquarters also reports fighting west of Verdun and nt the eastern scene of the war. Vienna reports the Austrians have assumed the offensive in the region of Lemberg. This marks the second stage of the nine-day battle, in which 0,000 Infantry, 4.000 cavalry, 1,500 machine guns and 2,000 Held guns are engaged on the Russian side. "Sunday night the Austrians anni hilated the entire Servian Timok divi sion near Mitrowitza. "Military attaches of neutral pow ers with the German troeps officially state that the enemies of Gennany aro using dum dum bullets." Germans Outnumbered. Paris, Sept. 11. For the first time since the war began the Germans are declared to be outnumbered. General IVul Pan who Is now In command of the French center, has tit least 2.",C00 more men than are facing him. The French left which has Inflicted enormous damage to the army of Gen eral ven Kluk and which is command ed by Field 'Marshal Sir John French is also numerically superior to the lermans, having leeen heavily reinforc ed during the last few days from the "rench reserves In the south. It Is a knowledge of this fact and realization that the French soldiers have been depressed because they were forbidden to assume the offensive: that causes the general confidence here. Hundreds of wounded were being brought from the front today. Tbty declare the French left has taken thou-Karid.-i of prisoners. They also Insist that the losses of the French-Pritish on tho offensive are far smaller than were the losses of the Germans under similar circum stances. The German rifle fire, they declare, Is still poor. Say Germans Retreat. That the German movement Is ac tually a retreat and not a atrateglo proposition, is Indicated by the reports rrom the front that there are thou sands of dead and wounded Germans In the territory now occupied by the al- lies. It is stated that the German officers deliberately sacrificed thousands of men In one supreme effort to break the allied linen. - 3"hla was especially so in the case ot( the nrmy of General von Kluk. Ills men swept tip against the Pritish ar t!Iery massed along a river bank a score of times only to be finally com peted to retreat, leaving hundreds of their comrades behind. In each instance the Pritish Infant ry charged the retreating Germans bayoncttlng them as they ran. Little Slepp For Germans. Prisoners who have been brought here declare that for the last three weeks hardly a Oerman soldier has had more than three heiurs' sleep each night. They have all been well fed. however, as the earlier failure of their mmissary has been remedied. The French are inflicting enormous damage on the Germans who are re ported as lighting with far less vim than in the earlier stages of the struggle. The French right Is steadily advanc ing although very tlowiy. Outcome Still Undecided. London. Sept. 11. Military experts do not rush to sweeping conclusions. The military writers in the London papers repeat that It Is evident that it is too early to anticipate the result of a battle extending over a front of nearly 100 miles. Three million men is the number es timated to be engaged actively and three great battles at least are In progress. Probably the fiercest struggle Is against the French center between Rheims and Verdun, while the Pritish army is contesting against the Ger man right. The Oermans are lelieved to be still attacking the English right from Verdun to Sancy. Fighting in Alsace. Lesser fighting is In Drorress In Alsace, from which province the Ger mans appear to have drawn away xart of their nrmy and the French are tak ing advantage of this opening. The great battle may continue for days, when It Is remembered that smaller operations in Manchuria, In which hundreds of thousands only were concerned, lasted a fortnight. Tho German western armies havo been fighting almeist continuously for twenty-flve days and, until the last phase of the campaign, on the offens that they are becoming- exhausted finds ready credence among military experts here. German Reinforcements. A German official wireless dispatch says that no report has been mad rubric In Perlin of events in France for the last three dajB. From Holland comes the news that 60,000 German reinforcements are marching south. These troops may have nn effect upon the tide of battle, but there Is reason to believe the allied nrmles also are receiving a counter balancing accession of strength. That the Oermans are concentrating nil their strength In the eastern field of warfare against the main French front appears to be confirmed by re ports which have arrived through Hol land. The bard struggle between the enor mous masses of troops extends from Continued" on 2nd Page, 1st Column.