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VOL. XXIII. CALUMET, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY AFTERNOON, SEPTEMBER 11, 1914. " : NUMBER 277
I ! !i A A A .t. A ... ... ...... . TT " '
. . . .- -.- -.- tt v v v v j
GERMANS PUSHED STEADILY
BACK ON THE RIGHT; BATTLE
STILL DRAW AT OTHER POINTS
At Some Points Invaders Have Retired
37 to 46 Miles; Gain at Cham
paigne and in Lorraine
GERMANY AND ITS
ALLY NOT TO MAKE
Copenhagen, Sept. 11. The
Votische Zeitung of Berlin de
Clares that previous to the out-
break of the war, Germany and
Austria agreed not to make
: : : :
DIE ON FIELD
Associated Press Man Tells of
German Invasion of Bel
Large Forces Assume Offensive
and Russian Advance Guard
AUSTRIANS ARE ROUTED
Petrograd Claims Forces of Czar
PANIC RULES IN
Reports That the Soldiers Mutiny
and the Civilians Riot
gium and France
BEAT THE ALLIES BACK
London, Sept. 11. A Petrograd dis-
pntch to the Times says;
"Large Gorman forces havo detrain-
t-d nt Tchonstochow, and to the oast
ward the stream of German conlin
Crrmaii troops transported from theemPirc dragged reluctantly
London, Sopt. 11. "Panic rules in
Austria," telegraphs the Daily Mail's
Milan correspondent, who has been in
Vienna. At thu same time German
newspapers that have reached Imndnn
lisclose a proclamation in which Aus-
(li.i sought the help of Russian Pedand
end promised "equal rights" to the
Explaining the cause of the "panic
In Austria," the 'Mail's correspondent
'The groat, unwieldy nnd bonkrupt
west have concentrated along the riv- I noeia of Germany, is in a state of des
er Alio and are now marching in long Pirate fear. Her armies, half-hearted
columns in an easterly direction nndat llrst and now openly mutinous, are
crossing the Masurle Lukes. The n;UK Ht every point by the
Russian advance guard is retreating I Russians
to the east. ino policy or mixing In each com
Will Attack tho Russian Rear. l'n.v men of the .lilTerent races which
T umlnn Ki.nt 11 V f .turn Yf. iron I ' emi'iic lias Iiaei Hie IP-
dispatch says General von Ponecken
eloiff Ilindonburg has defeated the
left tlunk of the Russian army in East
Prussia with his eastern urmy and
there opened the way for an attack
on the Russian rear.
Crown Prince Transferred?
London, SepN 11. According to
Petrograd dispatch to tho Exchange
Telegraph company, It is believed there
that the German crown prince has
been appointed commander-in-chief of
the forces opposing Russia.
Claim Austrian Hopelessly Beaten.
London, Sept. 11. A Times Petro
grad dispatch say:'
"Although some of tho Austrian ar
my corps at Lublin probably will make
pood their retreat, official dispatches
describe the rout of Generals Dankl
nnd Auffenburg In such a way as to
warrant the Inference that the enemy
is hopelessly beaten." '
The army of Oen. Von Auffenburg
lias pustalned very heavy losses.
One entire regiment of heavy In
fantry was surrounded by a Cossack
column and cut off. It surrendered
with all equipment.
The Russians continue to capture
the enemy's guns by a series of bril
liant attacks which have completely
terrorized the enemy.
German Troops From West,
Washington. Sept. 11. The Russian
embassy last night issued the following
"The success gained by our troops
over tho Austro-Germnn army at
Krasnik on September 9 Is developing
on the front from Tomaszow and Rown
Ruska to the river Dniester. Serious
fighting is In progress.
"(Sermon troops transported from
the western front have been concen
trated in Kast Prussia on the river
Alio. On September 9 they began to
advance In considerable column
through the Mazur lake regions. Our
advance troops, delaying tho enemy.
fell back In on easterly direction."
Germans Losses Are Heavy.
London, Sept. 11. The correspond
ent of the Times at Petrograd sends
"The extent of the losses during the
first six weeks of the war places all
previous casualties far In the back
ground. Not less than 10,000 dead
Oermans were counted In the trenches
after one engagement in eastern
"On the fateful Sept. 1. when two
Russian corps came to death grips
with four Oerman corps north of Sol
dati, tho losses of both sides totalled
between 60,000 and 70.000, the majori
ty being Germans."
Denies Russian Successes.
Manchester, Mass., Sept. 11. Dr.
Konstantln Theodor Dumba, Austro
Hungarlan ambassidor to the United
States, last night mad! public the fol
lowing wireless mesa? from the for
eign secretary of hi government,
fount von Rerchtold, in Vienna:
"Emperor continues to enjoy best of
"Another battle begun In lemberg
suit that there is no esprit do corps in
the army. The men were driven Into
trains at the point of the bayonet
nnd scores were shot by their officers
to terrorize their fellows into obed
"While the Russian avalanche drives
on, Itosnla Is In open revolt and Trl
est paralyzed by fear of attack from
Business Men Ruined.
Austria Is bankrupt, trade at a
standstill and thousands of business
men are ruined by a war which they
"While thy harvest remain ungnth
ered, Vienna is menaced by a famine
and prices are steadily rising. In re
sentment tho popular anger has turn
ed against the foreigner.
"Serhs have been torn to pieces In
the streets. Two Russian newspaper
correspondents were ahot by the po
"In utter fear, the government has
begun to fortify Vienna. Arrange
ments have been made to flood large
tracts nround the city. Riots have oe
currcd In many towns.
'To the terrora of the Cossack and
the Herb will be added those of revo
lotion and famine."
An Appeal to Jews.
The proclamation issued by Austria
to the Jews in Poland says:
"The heroic armies of the mid-Eur
openn states of Oermany and Austri;
Hungary have entered Poland. Our
flags bring Justice, freedom and equal
tights as citizens, religious freedom
and freedom to live undisturbed in
economic nnd cultural life.
"To long you have suffered under
the iron yoke of Moscow. come as
friends. The foreign barbarian yoke
"A new era begins for Poland. We
will use all our strength to put It on a
sure foundation of equal rights for the
Do not be deluded by the flattering
promises of the czar.
"Think of the awful banishment of
the great, masses of Jews; think of tho
titles of Kishinev, Gomel, Plalystok
and Sedlec and their hundreds of po
Now that the czar feels himself be
tween the hammer and the anvil, he
renews his promises. Your sacred duty
is to work with all your might for
Swept Like Tide Through Land;
Neglected the Enemy's
Russian news about 70,000 prisoners
taken by Russians on that occasion
also pure invention. As to denial of
Auffenbutg's victory, refer to respec
live official announcements of Austrian
military headquarters. Vestnlk will by
Its lies not succeed In hiding our victories."
To this the ambassador added:
The above mentioned official an
nouncement on September 2 mentioned
the Russians' repulse over the Hug
river, suffering heavy losses In men
and losing 1"0 guns."
Austrians Deserted by Officers.
Rome. .Scot. 11. A number or
wounded Austrians who have arrived
district. Russlnns persist in spreading nt Tr(08tc state that during the battle
false reports about alleged Russian I at Lemberg, nil the Austrian officers
victories, Intending ? relieve depress-1 j three battalions fled, leaving the
ed public feeling In nonce. battalions in tho woods, where they
"Energetic protest of kaiser to Pros-1 wpre unnlhllated. Only fifty men es-
Ident Wilson against barbarism, use (.)0,j.
of dum-dum bullets, c died forth here Russian Reports Are Denied.
warmest response. I Rotterdam, Sept. 11. (An ninotai
"Pour thousand Servian prisoners m merman communication denies that the
war passed through nuda-Pest today Russians have taken many prisoners
on the way to Essetergom to be en- Bt Lemberg, that the fortress of Irzm-
camped with 20,000 Russians already yse surrounded by the Russians and
there. that the Russians are advancing on
"Austrian official correspondence Cracow.
I'ureau denies energetically latenient Servians Occupy Semlin.
of official Russian paper Vesinik about Nlsh. Sept. 11. The Servians nccu
alleged great victories of Russians In pled Semlin, across the river from
Lemberg; states once more Austrian Retgrade. this morning, arter a uioo.iy
evacuated Lemberg without a fight. battle.
London, Sept. 11. The correspond
ent of the Associated Press, who hits
been through ltclglum, sends a mes
sage from Rotterdam which is heav
ily censored, but which appears to
havo been an account of the Invasion
of Kelgiuin obtained from the (Jer
man point of view. Hu says:
from mussels the German army
poured over southern l!elluui into
France like a tlood tide, joining in tho
south of Hclghim with other army
' "They crossed the French border
without serious resistance, the French
scattering before them in great dis
order and leaving behind much war
"Several rear guard actions occur
red, resulting In considerable lossca
to both sides, bringing up the losses
of the Germans in Helglum to 50,000.
"Innumerable skirmishes occurred In
the direction of Maubeuge from Aug
ust 23 to '26. At Pray, Just west of Itln
che, the French und ICnglish were re
pulsed. "Engagements In the vicinity of
Rulsslere and Thuin constituted the
most determined resistance by tho al
lies. . . . . - v
"After two days of continued artil
lery duel, which swept the surround
ing country and demolished every
structure, the entire right wing of the
allies was withdrawn far to the south
westward. This gave the Germans an
opportunity to sweep through Peau
mont nnd approach Maubeuge from
Meanwhile other corps had ap
proached Maubeuge from the north en
tirely Investing tho fortress.
"The Knglishnnd French on August
23rd were driven across the Sambre
river, where on the south bank, along
a thirty mile front, fighting continued
for three days."
The correspondent first saw actual
firing in the direction of Mnubengo
on August 2C, but when he reached
the scene of the recent engagement
the firing lines had advanced ten miles
Oerman wounded were immediately
cared for and tho dead burled, while
the French dead were left tinhurled
and the wounded In pome oases re
mained on the battlefield for three days
before receiving attention. A ..large
proportion of the French wounded died
from long exposure nnd from the lack
of food and drink.
I saw a duel between French and
Oerman aeroplanes, the aviators los
lng control and the machines falling
to earth like meteors."
( worm Russia
Littlo Kingdoms Cast Their Lots
With Triple Entente
ROUMANIA, GREECE AND
BULGARIA WILL KEEP
TURKEY OUT OF WAR.
London. Sept. 11. It Is reported that
Roumania, Giecce. and Pulgaria have
agreed to prevent Turkish Intervention
In the war in behalf of Germany and
ACCUSE GERMANS OF MAKING
EXCUSE TO USE DUM DUMS.
Pordeaux, Sept. 11. The French
foreign office received a note protest
ing strongly aualnst the statements
given to the American press by the
Oerman government accusing the al
lies of using dum dum bullets.
"It Is to be feared that thes
charges," the note says, "are but a pre
text for the use of dum dum bullets
bv tho German troops, as well as to
cause a reaction of American opinion
In favor of the German army.
"The German government Is carry
ing on a similar campaign In Copen
Trying to Shift Responsibi'ity.
Washington, Sept. 11. President
olncare of France has cabled Presi
dent Wilson a reply to the protest of
Emperor William, which charged the
allies with using dum dum bullets.
'olncare declared the kaiser has been
attempting to shift the responsibility
for the use of dum dums practically
since the outbreak of the war.
GERMAN PAPERS ARE NOW
PRINTING NEWS FROM ABROAD
Perlln, Sept. 11. The Herlln cen
sors are now permitting the local pa
pers to publish "dispatches from
abroad, and from these the people of
Serlln have learned that great events
aro now taking place.
20,000 PRIESTS FIGHTING
IN THE FRENCH ARMY.
Paris, Sept. 11. The FlJaro prints
statement that there are about 20,-
000 priests serving In the ranks of the
Kuc hares t. Roumania, Sept. 11. The
effort of Emperor Francis Joseph to
secure the fuptort of I '.ou mania in the
present war has failed. The diplo
macy of the Russians has won. If
Roumania takes part In tho present
general war It will ho with Servia ami
Montenegro and against Germany and
This is admitted here today. And
It is also considered certain Bulgaria
will follow the example of Roumania
in any future action. In fact that Is
declared already to have been arrang
ed In a series of communications be
tween Roumanian and the pulgarlan
The sympathy of tho Roumanian
throne Is entirely with Germany and
Austria. Put tho people are so en
thusiastic over the Russian victories
In Gallcia and Pukovlna, where Rou
mania has territorial aspirations, that
nny attempt to como to the rescue of
Austria at this time would Immediate
ly result In a general revolution.
There is a general feeling here that J
Austria, no matter what the outeoms
of the war, is certain to lose n Rood
part of her territory. It is also con
sidered certain that Roumania will re
ceive pukovlna as her prize for either
passive or active support of the Rus
sian cause. This belief permeates all
classes and as a result every Intima
tion of a Russian victory Is received
throughout all Roumania with demon
strations of wild enthusiasm.
There has always been Intense
hatred of Austria through jaclal rea
sons and this is having Its effect with
the royal family.
Pu'.garia had agreed to assist Ger
many in the war. o tar bail tne
agreement gone that German officers
had been sent to assist tho Pulgaiian
army which was to be commissioned
to subdue Servia. When news of this
development reached Petrograd the
czar sent a personal aid to see his
hereditary godson, Prince Doris. The
latter was shown the entire plans of
campaign, especially those that relat
ed to the Austrian cause. So start
ling were these revelations, it Is stated.
especially regarding the total unpre
paredness of the Austrian nrmy, that
Prince Ports promptly vetoed all sug
gestions of aiding Austria and Germany.
Pulgaria will remain neutral unless
Turkey enters the war. If she does. It
Is likely that a Roumanian Pulgarlan
combination will nt once be organized
and an Immediate offensive campaign
against Turkey will be begun. This will
obviate the necessity of Russia detach
ing troops to prevent an Invasion of
Russia by Turkey.
20,030 JAPANESE LANDED
TO NORTH OF KIAO-CHAU
Peking, Sept. 11. A telegram from
German sources states ti;.it the Japa
nese landed 20,(io( m.'ii at Luagki..
(a town on the norilien coast of tlo
Slian-tung peninsula) and that they
aro now advancing toward Chaouan
(a town about HO miles north of K io
Chan). The Japanese censorship Is com
plete. Even Chinese officials in the
territory occupied by the Japanese are
prevented from communicating frectv
with Peking, while telegraphic com
munication witli 'JViiu-tao hua been
Intel rupted for a week.
Mail advices fiom Tsing-tno dated
September 3, say that the report that
Germans ure compelling Chinese la
borers to assist in the construction of
defenses is untrue. The Chinese de
serted Tslng-tno expecting a bombard
ment of the city by the Japanese but
finding a livelihood outsldo the district
of Klao-Chau impossible, returned In
tuber Chinese reports declare that
Japanese, dressed aw Chinese), aie spy
ing the vicinity of Tslng-tao while
German scouts are watching the Jap
KEY TO OUTCOME OF THE WORLD'S
GREATEST RATTLE LIES IN CENTER
The key to the ultimate outcome of what perhaps will be the great
est battle in history, .till raging on the plains of Champaign, east of
Paris, lies in the center.
For five days the tide of battle has ebbed and flowed with terrif.e
fosses on both sides, but without permanent advantage to either side
On the German right wing, where the Germans are opposed to the
British, Germany officially admits retirement, but not defeat as first re
ported because of an error in the transmission of" messages.
Important news comes from East Prussia, where the Russians ap
pear to have made little if any progress since their reverse at Allenstein
They are reported to be bombarding the fortified capital of Konige
berg The indications are the Germans are moving in force toward Ko-nigsberg.
London, Sept. 11. The official press
"The general retirement of the ene
"Prhlsh forces yesterday captured
l.'.OO prisoners, including wounded,
and several guns und large quantities
Paris, Sept. 11. (Afternoon) News
from the fighting line east of Paris is
to tne effect that the Germans at
some points have retired from thirty
tievcn to forty-six miles.
BERLIN SAYS REPORTS OF
DESTRUCTION OF BELGIAN
TOWNS ARE EXAGGERATED.
Washington, Sept. 11. The German
embassy received the following wire
ess from Ikrlin.
"Uerr llelfferlch, director of tho
Deutsche bank, after touring in Pel
'News of tho destruction of Pel
glan towns Is exaggerated. Verviers
and Tirlemont, Industrial centers, and
Chartered, are eiuite intact; Louvain
and Dlnant are only partly destroyed.'
"After the surrender of Ghent,
German officer was Insidiously killee
and another wounded.
"Tho Russian cavalry burned from
sheer lust of destruction, although
there was no fighting in that district
the splendid castlo of Count Mlrbach
the Russian parliamentarian."
ENGLISH TROOPS DEFEAT
GERMANS IN FIGHT IN
BRITISH CENTRAL AFRICA
OFFICERS OF U. S. ARMY
WOULD SEE, WAR MOVES.
Paris, Sept. 11. IT. S. Precklnrldge.
the American assistant secre-tary of
war, Is at present negotiating with the
French and Piitish ministers of war
or permission for officers of the Am-
rlcan army to observe the operations
at tho front.
FRENCH SAID TO HAVE
Ixmdon, Sept. 11. A dispatch from
Pasel, Sw it.rlanil. says the French
havo re-captured Meulhausen.
London. Sept. 11. Pritish troops
have met and defeated a German force
which entered N'yassnland, Piitish
Central Africa, according to an an
nounceinenl made by the official press
bureau, which aelds:
"The Germans lost seven officers
killed anil two weiunded, two field and
two machine guns. The loss among
the rank and file has not leen nscer
tallied, but was heavy. Tho Pritish loss
nniong the whites was four killed and
four wounded; hiss among- the rank
and file not ascertained."
TURKISH HEIR TO THRONE
AND WAR MINISTER SHOOT
AND WOUND EACH OTHER
Paris, Sept. 11. A dispatch from
"I Hiring a discussion of Turkey's
political policy, Enver Fash a, the
Turkish war minister, shot and slight
ly wounded the crown prince of Tur
key, who returned tho fire, shooting
Pasha In the leg.
"Another version says the war min
ister has since died of his wounds."
DECLARE WOUNDED ARE
WORRYING THE GERMANS.
Paris, Sept. 11. It Is understood
here that the Germans are finding
great difficulty In disposing of their
wounded, and this In spite of their
splendid organization. On the other
hand the allies are encountering no
such trouble, their rear being perfect
ly free for the transportation of men
put out of action to hospital In the
provincial centers of France where
they are being oared for.
AUSTRIAN TORPEDO BOAT
IS REPORTED BLOWN UP.
Rome, Sept. 11. The Trlbuna says
an Austrian torpedo lsat was blown
up fifty miles south of Trlest.
Washington. Sept. 11. The French
embassy has received from Bordeaux
the following, dated today, but pre
sumably written last night:
"Toejay marked advances against the
Oerman right wing havt? been gained
by our troops. To the north of Lnfeit
Sous Jouarre the first German army
was obliged to recross the Marne, and
yesterday night, below a line formed
by the River Ladhins and Mezy and
Fere en Tardenois, the Marne valley
was free from German troops, accord
ing to Pritish aviation corps.
"Oar troops at Champalgne were
forced by the third German army to
retire to Gourgancon and Salons, but
part e.f what we lost was regained.
"The fifth German army, before
Vasslnoourt in the Argonne, was at
tacked by our troops. We progressed
"The Fort Genicourt in the Meuse
was attacked by the Germans.
"Slight progress was made on the
road to Chateau Salins in Irraine by
the sixth German army In the forest
of Champenolx. Part of that advance
"There Is no official confirmation
tnnt Maubeuge has been taken. Tho
garrison is not half what the German
agene is say."
German Official Statement.
Washington, Sept. 11. The German
embassy today received the following
wireless from Perlln:
"Headtiuarters on Thursday, in the
first official reports, says that In the
battle east of Paris the Germans ht Id
their own In a heavy two clays' fight
against superior forces attacking be
tween Meaux, Montmirai!9 and from
the direction of Paris. We captured
fifty guns and several thousand pris
oners, but retired on the right flank
when tho advance of strong hostile
columns was reported. The enemy
failed to pursue.
"Headquarters also reports fighting
west of Verdun and nt the eastern
scene of the war.
Vienna reports the Austrians have
assumed the offensive in the region of
Lemberg. This marks the second
stage of the nine-day battle, in which
0,000 Infantry, 4.000 cavalry, 1,500
machine guns and 2,000 Held guns are
engaged on the Russian side.
"Sunday night the Austrians anni
hilated the entire Servian Timok divi
sion near Mitrowitza.
"Military attaches of neutral pow
ers with the German troeps officially
state that the enemies of Gennany aro
using dum dum bullets."
Paris, Sept. 11. For the first time
since the war began the Germans are
declared to be outnumbered. General
IVul Pan who Is now In command of
the French center, has tit least 2.",C00
more men than are facing him.
The French left which has Inflicted
enormous damage to the army of Gen
eral ven Kluk and which is command
ed by Field 'Marshal Sir John French
is also numerically superior to the
lermans, having leeen heavily reinforc
ed during the last few days from the
"rench reserves In the south.
It Is a knowledge of this fact and
realization that the French soldiers
have been depressed because they
were forbidden to assume the offensive:
that causes the general confidence
Hundreds of wounded were being
brought from the front today. Tbty
declare the French left has taken thou-Karid.-i
They also Insist that the losses of
the French-Pritish on tho offensive
are far smaller than were the losses
of the Germans under similar circum
stances. The German rifle fire, they declare,
Is still poor.
Say Germans Retreat.
That the German movement Is ac
tually a retreat and not a atrateglo
proposition, is Indicated by the reports
rrom the front that there are thou
sands of dead and wounded Germans In
the territory now occupied by the al-
It is stated that the German officers
deliberately sacrificed thousands of
men In one supreme effort to break
the allied linen.
- 3"hla was especially so in the case ot(
the nrmy of General von Kluk. Ills
men swept tip against the Pritish ar
t!Iery massed along a river bank a
score of times only to be finally com
peted to retreat, leaving hundreds of
their comrades behind.
In each instance the Pritish Infant
ry charged the retreating Germans
bayoncttlng them as they ran.
Little Slepp For Germans.
Prisoners who have been brought
here declare that for the last three
weeks hardly a Oerman soldier has
had more than three heiurs' sleep each
night. They have all been well fed.
however, as the earlier failure of their
mmissary has been remedied.
The French are inflicting enormous
damage on the Germans who are re
ported as lighting with far less vim
than in the earlier stages of the struggle.
The French right Is steadily advanc
ing although very tlowiy.
Outcome Still Undecided.
London. Sept. 11. Military experts do
not rush to sweeping conclusions. The
military writers in the London papers
repeat that It Is evident that it is too
early to anticipate the result of a
battle extending over a front of nearly
Three million men is the number es
timated to be engaged actively and
three great battles at least are In
Probably the fiercest struggle Is
against the French center between
Rheims and Verdun, while the Pritish
army is contesting against the Ger
man right. The Oermans are lelieved
to be still attacking the English right
from Verdun to Sancy.
Fighting in Alsace.
Lesser fighting is In Drorress In
Alsace, from which province the Ger
mans appear to have drawn away xart
of their nrmy and the French are tak
ing advantage of this opening.
The great battle may continue for
days, when It Is remembered that
smaller operations in Manchuria, In
which hundreds of thousands only
were concerned, lasted a fortnight.
Tho German western armies havo
been fighting almeist continuously for
twenty-flve days and, until the last
phase of the campaign, on the offens
that they are becoming- exhausted
finds ready credence among military
A German official wireless dispatch
says that no report has been mad
rubric In Perlin of events in France
for the last three dajB.
From Holland comes the news that
60,000 German reinforcements are
marching south. These troops may
have nn effect upon the tide of battle,
but there Is reason to believe the allied
nrmles also are receiving a counter
balancing accession of strength.
That the Oermans are concentrating
nil their strength In the eastern field
of warfare against the main French
front appears to be confirmed by re
ports which have arrived through Hol
land. The bard struggle between the enor
mous masses of troops extends from
Continued" on 2nd Page, 1st Column.
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