Newspaper Page Text
THE CALUMET NEWS
MONDAY, 8EPTEMBER 21, 1914.
No Victory for Either Side as Yet
In Aisne Battle
Continued From Firt Pag.
Y,.ti Khuk, and it dominates the whole
alley of the Oise.
That the tiprm.ins il:rse the.r pros
vlit defensive- pesdtnn deliberately is
indicated ly the fait that their heavy
artillery rests on cement foundations,
which must have taken time to con
struct. Also the eeliuiit had to he al
low ed tune to set.
Germans to Leave France?
More or less definite rumors con
tinue to circulate in Loudon that the
tSermai? are preparing for a jtieat re
treat from Frame on their own border
formications. The latest of these is
the story of a Kreiu h dlV tT, The
Fremhm.in declare that an aeroplane
re nn. lis. nice has :iven rise to the
conviction that a laie portion of the
lb rin. ins is retiring, accompanied hy
trail. s .if heavy stores, leaving only
I'ti iM M hi, n to I'niir the retreat.
one reason for the dearth of news
from the battle front is the had weath
er, which has rendered sunalintf and
aeropiane scoiitim: unreliable.
Allies Withstand Fierce Attacks.
St Hies now filtc-rinjr thiouh sets
forth that the tlerniars made desper
ate e:T..fts ttie middle of last week to
recapture the Kroiind they lost along
the Kiver Aisne. lay and n:-ht .is
Mi:!ti continued. The t'.eimans were
played into action hy hands rendering
military airs They rr.rled a mass of
nun on hast;! obstructed eniretuh
Iiui.ts. w here the allies had duu Ihcin--s
in as a piotcctioii atxair.st the
piule.-s artillery cnct-aled on the
heights above them. It was cold steel
akli:..-t 1 old Steel, with the alius
hi'ldim: their desperately won posi-
t ! T1S.
Throughout the Pritish Isles enlist
ment continue! unabated. c'!..i::'c!l' !"
l.hu d-'leottfe is head.r the move
ment to enlist a complete Welsh armv
Must Fight For Days.
l'arls, Sept. 111. Th- oj.o.-sinn troops
.ire handicapped urcatly hy the heavy
rains. wh:ch h ive caus-d swollen riv
ers a::d muddy roads. They must tlKh.t
for many days yet before a decisive re
sult is reai hi d.
The outcome defends largely Upon
"Which side can brim: up most quickly
the strongest reinfoi o-meiits. The two
armies ire abo.it evenly plated. The
tlermans have bt hind them the rail
ways stretching ii.w ltelium and
huxcmliuri; and (Scrmatiy itself, while
the allies have all France behind them,
in addition to the sea, which the Ilrlt
ish navy has kept opt 11 for them.
The French and ltntish, like the
tbrmaris, have been efit rem hed and
settled down for the stern tisht. whi h
threatens to be even longer and mole
xaiuumary than the battle of tin
Brave Charge by British.
An incident Saturday is h-ii!ic wiile
ly rei bunted. A British infantry r ri-
llU-lil upon leceivli.i; all olciep to ad-
MiH'-i' and take a bnnan position,
kiu it for a moment in prayer. Then th.
men. knowing that ti.e.r chii-e was
to be terrible in ost. sprain: to their
fe.-t and, with fixed l.ao.i.ois. il.'in
bered 01. t nf the shelter of t If. ;! h
In sliort and rapid rushes they ;.d
anci,l in wide open order, .iln rn.'te
ly lyinif down and then maki:.? a.i
otlur dash of l.'i yards.
l'ion th ibrman position cam' tl
thi. ,: I. u! of t!,.. i:,.r hine m.s The
att.o "hi-soldiers hurrahed alid it...
as f :,ey piese, foTw.,rd. Many fell
it h 'lies of d. fermin.it ion upon t.'e.t
lips. Cinabv tho.-.- w r. maine, , f
tie refllnei.t i.nk t!i. Ill IIIMII po-i-
t ion ;i : r a d -p' r.io l.a i.d - to- h.md
1 I. is was olii one. nn, !;; in. my - m
i'a r a '. s of on r 1 n- . : lid ' t ipll 1 e on
tbe pal t . f I "I !. h. 1.1 1 1 . - 1 : and b r
In. in ,.;.ke at vai a..i -; ,.. n - t h..
British Officers K.llcd.
l.olld Sept. Jl. I1-,,- . -,, J' ' X.
ll-erfell, ti.e a e ' ' kl . ,. ,.,, jd , ,
of the 1 : 1 ! 1 . 1 1 . 1 . . 1 , 1 Veopianry, att.-oli-
t d to the N.t.tli !..u:c , ; v.,. ,111,,,!.-
tl e .,!!' ,-rs .!!'., d ;n ;i tio,, p, -ri,.
H IX I" Hue .,, j I 1 I t llt.'ler
fl ite of Sej.tei,,..,.,- d l v the war
The li-t , ,,, lams tin- names of
'a plain I., id 1 1 ' . e ; t ,, , f t bo h ,sh
!iianU and 1: 'am l.oi I A. '. Ha.
also the Iti.-lj ua. 11. is. (clonal I'.
II. I'. I'.olle;,,! ,.f t l.e . ,..r., .vtj.f .Ij-d
f w oiinds. The 1. - .He : l . I, of
!!! 'Ts kilb il. 4 . .. . oik- vv ho
be, .,f wounds and . . no-m'.
Allies Advance on Left.
London Sept. Jl. The ;x. I, ,,.;
Tblepiayh's 'Paris "i respondent,, f,u
a disiatih Het.t at 7:b' o. lock last
niht. s;,s: ' The st,. ,,iy ;,, , i,y
he Pritivh :ind I'l'ti' 'i on t In- left is
highly Important. The c,ennan (rn
oral Von Kluck's tlank is now 1 -
German Shia War Prue,
I'alrtl' llth. Ktlk'.. Sept. "Jl. -The 'b r-
man balk pottape, from bpii'i ie,
for Antwerp, has been captured !., ;i
I'.ritish warship tul brought I, ere,
CHEERFULLY DESTROY THEIR OWN HOMES
r v rm n
Cottagers of Waelham. a suburb of Antwerp, burning their own home In
order that the guns In the fortifications might have a clear aweep of the
COMUNICATION BIG FACTOR
IN MERNWAR MACHINERY
Big Battles Now Directed Through Mediums of Telephone, Telegraph
and Wireless-Compact Instruments Can Be Set Up
in Less Than a Minute
Communication has nt fallen be
ll, nd the other machinery of war in
the march of prepress of modem ar
lilies. The development of the Held tel
egraph, telephone and wireless in par
ticular aie brought prominently to
mh'.d by the operations of the armies
enlaced in the present eontlict.
The held telegraph and telephone,
which have both rendered invaluable
service in former modern wars, have
been de eloped into a combination in
strument about the size of a lare Held
cjass and weuhinc but 4 'a pounds.
An insulated Held wire weiKhintf 75
pounds to the mile, which can he used
when it lies on the ground, can be laid
from a ret 1 on an automobile at a rate
"f lu miles an hour. A man on horse
back an carry it, or a man on foot
1 an ileep up to hrlnv. line ami estab
lish a station simply 1y thrusting a
steel around i""d ir:t the earth. The
commander can maintain c mmunica
tion with ea h unit of his force at all
times, for the lines can be laid as fast
as troops can advance against the eji
emy. The Field Switchboard.
I-Vr roiiuii Held work in tclephoninu
there have been devised a compact and
portable form of camp telephone and
a folding type of swit liboard of meat
ruKK'ediiess and simplicity. The equip
ment of 1 i k lit poles, wire and instru
ments has been divided into proper
proportions f . . r thu different require
ments, and special wagons have been
'b jsed to insure its rapid transportation.
I fie combination instr inunt men
tioned js 1, s,., l.iruely for emergency
cotnin 1 n a a t a 111 over short lines. As
the wire. Pq- this use ale often laid
at hi.-ii sped, ale if UinU resistance
and aie frequently leaky, a special ni
1 ' a -1
nt known as the buzzer has
.t ted for operating over them.
tnarkable i tl St r U UU li t. deV'loiei
Uy the I'nited StateH Si.nal
t. tains in a ;r.et 1 Ulined h-ath-
a mall dry i,..t! ryv an i ml 11
I dry b..tt ryv an indue,
iti inti ; 1 upti r, a key, a
tl tl'.- 1 i i . t . r. When tl
the interrupter oierates. sendliiK out
from the coil an intermittent current,
which, traversing the line and the ills
tinct receiver, nivca ut u wharp note.
This current can be translated Into
the Morse alphabet. Hy pressing; a
button on the side of the transmitter
the instrument is at once transformed
into a field telephone.
Works Over 3ad Lines.
1 localise of the sensitiveness of the
telephone receiver, the intense, buzssitiK
sounds sent out as Morse simiuls are
audible over an Incredibly hail line.
Cor example, it has been worked out
successfully over twenty mlletf of hare
plain on the. Krund in rainy weather.
Field radio pack sets are used chiefly
by the divisional cavalry, whose rapid
movements it would be inadvisable to
hamper by wire connections of any
kind. For communication with the op
erating cavalry a more powerful radio
set, in a special pinfle-ty pe wanon, ia
always ready to be set up near di
v ision headquarters.
The typical radio pack set consists
of three main parts, the. operating
chest, the hand-rotated uIlernatiiiK
generator and a sectional mast, with
aerial vvir.s or antennae attachment.
The whole outfit, with tent and acces
sories, is 1 allied by three mules.
Set Up in One Minute.
With asily manipulated strap at
tachments, the set can be made ready
fi r use by the mounted section within
one minute of the time a halt is or-
ih reil. This iiK ludes unpacking, put
t in ir up the sectional mast, attaching
the operating chest and getting the
hand-power generator connected " and
sending started. The little generator
develops about 0.3 kilowatt, and the
ramie of operation with other similar
pack set is about t w t y-11 ve miles,
under ordinary conditions.
The wagon type of radio apparatus
(b rives its power from n gasoline en
j lne. The alternator develops about
kilowatts, and a sectional mafit
about eighty feet high is used. This
an be put up and the set operated In
lit teen minutes. The range under or
dinal v conditions Is about K0 miles.
SIDELIGHTS ON THE WAR
1" li e
he b Ill':
t I ."II. it
de;,.;t( ; y
1 b't in; n ,i
i" t ' f the ;ief oplane ill Will'
..V i: in the ;t item,. at by lie
l'"".l pf ss bun an n jiarditi-;
a army i orps. Nearly all . f
V e I, ci n
Sau -cages, for brea l( fast, sausa lie f..r
lunch, sausages for dinner sau-ai-es.
sa us.i lie, sausage. They fr the
only moat on the hill of fare in Herlin
hoteN ri-ht after the declaration of
war, said Mr. and Mrs. Frederick J.
Tovr of Sacramento, fa I., when they
arrived in f'hiairo. They rp on the
wav home from Kurope. "I nvcr
want to look a sausau-e in the face
again," nald Mr. Iiiver. "I would ratli-i
er stick my had in a t n:it dfen
tun than eat one." '
. s i cnlldi tit 1 V . 1;
a'ed. I'h atil .i ly th'.'
if.'l ale equall;, aware of
-1 !ef la n i mi' ent I at ions;
and so t-.r the fit.! time in liuto.-y
a great war v..!! be f. . i j - ! 1 1 almost like
fi liaine of ,!,ev, wlieie eo'il player
know the disposition of the adver
sary's pic es m. less than that of his
own. i b nerajship will Mot be abolished
by th- ciiane, .; ti.re .M generalship in
I is, but it will be a ureal deal modi
fi'd 'b.ii,.; back to the last great
wars f i 1 1 ! 1 1 vith o.vilized lesources,
the Japanese Won their decisive VlC-
t- ry at Mukden by bringing up an
aim;, of w ha h the Russians were un
aeate at a point where they were not
expecting nn,. Fiabr today's condi
tions of a rophitie scouting the battle
oiild not p.ive been won in the way in
wlii-h .1 was. Nor could the battle of
Acotdltkc I., oiheial figures the
st rei.iq i, ,,f ,(. Jmiian army already on
i's w.,y p. the flout is; Infantry, 122,-
: a alary, ::..i"; artillery, 10,000;
r a ii. ei s, etc., f..'niO.
Tie main strength of th Indian nr
mv i- its Infantry, ltrahmnn:i, Haja
l"i's. ,l,ts. Sikhs, Junjalds, Dogras,
M .hi ittas and Churkas, of all castes
and several religions, Mohammedan.
M.iid'i, Ruddhist. All are warriors
who will lay down their lives for the
Ihitlsh and th dark-skinned regi
ments of the Indian army are a fight
imr force hurd to stop.
ThotiKh all arrangmnts for offense
and defense jn ib present great war
have been kept profoundly sferet. It Is
probable that th order to bring the
Indian troops to France was not given
without long and careful thought on
t he part of the war oMlce.
To take ti e army out of India would
be to leave that vast empire open to
attack from without and mutiny from
within. There is always talk of upris
ings in India. It was finally decided,
though, that there was no immediate
prospect of internal trouble In India,
and the lineup of the allies made it
Impossible that any foreign attack
would have to be leslsted. With tler
niany as Knghmd's only enemy and
the kaiser pretty much occuipled at
home and In China with defending the
fatherland, It was deemed almost a
certainty that nothing could occur In
India that would require the presence
of troops there.
Offices and surgeons, who have In
spected the bodies of the slain are sur
prised to find that more than half have
been killed by artillery fire, indicating
that the field guns hav far outstrip
ped the rifles ns man killers In this
war.' Am a matter of exact fact the
(Jerman rifle rlre has been very poor.
The ilirmaiiH make no pretense of
lifting their rifles to their shoulders in
the KenemJ battles, but fire at will
from under their arms and waste
many of their bullets. They also fire
so low that the majority of the French
and Hrltish wounded are Injured be.
low the hips.
ON ENEMY LIKE
American Writer Says Von Hind
ernberg Pounds Foe to Pieces
The result of the battle of the Marne
has erased from French memories tho
nightmare of 1R70. Officers declare
that It Is now prwven that the defeats
of that campaUn were due to the nu
merical superiority of the Hermans
and that France's fighting spirit i still
One playground In New York city
occupies a Kite valued at 11,800,000.
I'nder a Iterlln date line. Joseph
Medill Fntterson. noted American war
corresiKuulent. writes graphically of
Germany's operations In the east. Ills
description of the kaiser's defense
against the invasion of Russian forces
Now they are calling the battle with
the Russians In east Prussia "the Se
dan of the Fast." The ticrman general
staff announces officially 70,000 Russian
prisyiurs and the capture and destruc
tion of all the Russian artillery engag
ed, u total of 516.
They have already, too, begun to
give a name to it. the battle of Tan
nenherg. Whether this name will
"stick" Is yet uncertain. Tannenherg
is a small place not easily found on the
maps. So look for the line between
Allensteln and Ortelsburg in the south
of the province of Fust Prussia, and
yon have the battlefield.
Railways Play ' Significant Part.
It is significant the part the railways
played in this iflght. Allensteln and
Ortelsburg are both Junctions on the
strategic points on the railway of Jiist
Prussia. These railways wer not
t'Ullt for commercial purposes. Note
how they Bklrt the Russo-derman
frontier about fifteen miles hack, tut
how seldom they cross It or come to
the boundary. AVlien the war was de
dared, Uermany sent only about lf0,
000 men to the east to hold the Rtis
sians, while the main army went west
to crush France.
The grand strategy of the Oerman
campaign was to crash through Hel
glum, turn the French fortresses on
the Fran co -("Jerman frontier, and
thrust the sword of (Jermany, no mat
ter how bloody, Into Paris, the heart
Prance: then If necessary, entrain the
victorious army for the Russian front
and stem the expected Invasion.
The 150,000 men sent to the east In
the beginning were partly to bluff the
Russians into a slow and cautious ad
vance, and partly, of course, to delay
them by lighting oa much as possible.
Retired General in Command.
The 150,000 men the three army
corps of the east were under com
mand of (Jeneral von HIndenhurg. Now
(Jcncral von HIndenhurg Is not of n
dashing appearance. He was put on
the retired list three years ago for age.
He was called out in the crisis and
given this Important command. He
was supposed to bo a cautious, con
servative technician. Read u little fur
ther and And how cautious and con
servative he was.
At the outbreak of the war the Rus
sians invaded 1'Iast Prussia in force
by Tilsit and Gumbinnen. They pushed
the Hermans west of Insterbuig y
force of numbers. The Inhabitants
f the regions tied for their lives,
many of them, rich noblemen, reached
Herlin destitute, their houses burned
Fights Slow Delaying Action.
Cautious Von Hlndenburg fought his
slow, methodical, delaying action as
instructed. Finally he stopped and en
trenched at Insterburg, refusing to
move further without bloodier expense
to both sides than they had no far
aid. The Russians, becoming like
wise conservative, instead of trying
to drive Von Hindenburg out of his
lines, entrenched themselves and
there they sat facing each other for
Then the fatal news reached Von
HIndenhurg that another Russian ar
my had entered Fast Prussia from
the south and threatened Von Htnden-
burg's communications and his right
Hank. This second Russian army had
entered Fast Prussia In the vicinity
Russians Pounded to Pieces.
Then old Von HIndenhurg threw
away caution. He left a mere shell, a
fragment, a demonstration In the
trenches at Insterburg. Hy night he
entrained all his remnants for Allen
steln. Arriving there suddenly, he fell
like a wolf on the second Russian
army, enfolding It on three sides,
pounding It to pieces with enfilading
lire, and drove it toward this little blue
dot on tho map of Fast ITussIa, where
there are lakes deep enough to drown
The Hermans report many thou
sands were drowned. The fight lasted
three days. The kaiser, In awarding
tfte Iron Cross of the first class to Von
Hindenburg, speaks of his defeating
much larger forces than his own.
First Russian Army Flees.
So far, old Von Hindenburg had
done pretty well, but he hasn't finish
ed. He set a guard over his 70.000
prisoners and 516 guns and re-en-tralned
hjs victorious 'army for the
north and Intersburg1, where his skele
ton lines by their appearance of con
fidence had bluffed the Russian first
army into not attacking.
Inflimrd by their victory over tho
RUSSIANS ARE CHECKED AT
STRONG PREZEMYSL FORTRESS
Continued From First Page.
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sure you get Dr. James' Headache
Powders then there will be no disap
Many cannon, quick tiring guns and
supplies- were taken.
rVill Capture Bosnian Capital.
London, Kept. 21. Adv ices say the
(idvances of the Serbo-Monteiitgi in
forces into Austria continues, while
the Montenegrins ate reported to be
within a few miles of Sarajevo, the
capital of 1 Insula. R is said the com
bined Serbo-Mnntenegrm army expects
to enter Sarajevo within a week.
Ten Miles From Capital.
London, Sept. 21. It Is officially an
nounced at Cettlnjo that the Monte
negrin army is only ten miles from
Sarajevo, the capital of Hosnla.
Servians Repulse Austrians.
Nlsh. Set via, via London, Sept. 2! -
It is officially announced that a num
erically inferior fore? of Serians re
pulsed 20,000 Austrians near Xovlpa
zar, with a heavy loss on the Austri
ans. Semdlin Evacuation Admitted.
Nlsh, Servia. Sept. 21. The Ser
vian official press bureau denies the
Vienna report that the Servians re
tired from Semlin, Hungary, after los
ing 6,000 prisoners. It admits, however,
that the Seivians evacuated Semlin
for strategic reasons.
Will Make Prisoners Work.
Petrograd. Sept. 21. The Hoiirse.
Hazette states that up to a few days
ngo the Russians held 200.000 prlson
rs,who are being rapidly distributed
to many distant districts. Most of
them are being given labor of one kind
or another, thousands being used on
the railways and others helping with
the harvest and plowing, while still
others are lumbeiing and road-making.
Many of them have been sent to
Turkestan for work on the drainage
system. FfTorts are being made so that
this influx of labor will not Interfere
with regular wane-earners.
The minister of agriculture has is
sued the following statement regarding
the piisom rs:
"The prisoners must work to insure
their existence. We shall pay for the
work done, but our. position is not that
of ordinary employers. Our prisoners
must work, in return for which we
shall support and feed them."
OLD COLLEGE PROFESSORS
TAKE JOOS AS LETTER
CARRIERS IN GERMANY.
lieilln, Sept. 21. A number of the
older professors of tho I'nlversity of
Uoett ingen are reported to have ac
cepted positions as rural letter car
riers to relieve the loss of men in th.s
service during the war. Ureal num
bers of members of the students' asso
ciation have gone to the front. Practi
cally all of the students' " Jel mania" in
Iterlln Is in the field. Ineluding even
the "alte Herien" or furrier students.
ALLEGED ROBBERS CAUGHT.
n ri.uioinco c.iecis mil
or Holland for exposition
on ai ion.
xpects bulbs on time
Russian army in the south, Von Hin-
denburg's grayclads had attacked tho
first Russian army. The iirst Rus
sian army did not stand, but broke
ground and at this writing the report j
is inai i no lasi oi iiuni is leaving,
Prussian soil. I
Chicago, Sept. 21. Three men, said
to be the remainder of the ipjliiict
which robbed Mrs. Nellie Clark of
Jewelry valued at ftio.ooo at Kankakee
last week, were arrested here. They
possessed diamonds valued at Jti.O'io
and $4,ooo In cash, believed to be pro
ceeds of the sale of part of the booty.
Two alleged members of the gan; were
cuptured near iMomence Saturday.
Postcards from parts of llelgium oc
cupied by i he Hermans carry a Her
man stamp and a notification that cor
respondence addressed to Helglum
must hereafter have "t Jermany" added
to the address, making Helglum now
The attempt of an American woman
to smuggle a Pekinese dog Into Wey
mouth when the cruiser Tennessee
landed with refugees from Havre came
near causing a search of nil the ref
ugees and a withdrawal of the cour
tesies of the port by the Itritish. A
naval officer saw the dog, but the cus
toms ollicer coul I not find it. The pas
sengers were held up and complaint
made to the representative of the Am
erican relief committee. He made u
speech to the women, asking that the
dog be produced to save trouble, but
It was not until he said everbody would
lie searched and the dog probably cast
into the sea that the woman tearfully
pioVluced it from under her skirt.
The Kaiser's dream, according to th,.
London Financial News, Is to have the
finest house on Fifth avenue if he ean
not boss Western I hi rope. It declares
1 e has invested heavily, but not In bn
own name, in America, and may come
here if defeated.
A proclamation Issued hy the chief
of police of Stuttgart says: "The pen.
I le of this town are going mad. The
streets are crowded with old women,
both in petticoats and breeches, be
having most unworthily. Kverybody
sees in his fellow-creatures Russian
or French spies, and thereupon creates
a great commotion. Clouds are take i
for aeroplanes, stars for airships and
cycle handles for bombs."
Special telegraph service from all
the race tracks in the isralish Isles has
been suspended during the war by or
der of the postmaster general.
l ive hundred Salvation Army offi
cers, Including both men and women,
in Fngland, have volunteered in a
body to perform Red Cross work.
An eye-witness to the battle of
Meaux report that while houses were
being wrecked with shells, bridges
blown up, explosives bursting over the
town and aeroplanes rnaneuverli
overhead, he could see through open
shutters wcinen darning socks as II
nothing was happening.
Rig shops in Itelglan cities, usuallv
swamped with orders at this time of
the year for fall finery, are now gel
ting practically tio orders except for
Fvcry French and Knglish name ha-,
disappeared in Merlin according to ca
bles, the "Westminster Hotel beooinhm'
the Station Hotel, and the Piccadilb
Cafe the Vaterland. Clocks in Jewelers'
windows, formerly registering the hour
In each capital of the world, now have
paper pasted over the names of Lon
don, Paris, St. Petersburg and Rrus-sels.
-' T - O
THE STORE OF QUALITY
V announce to the public; thai every nYpaitiiieiit in our store is complete,
consisting of now fall nieicliandise. Placing our orders early in the season, we
bought Jit the ohl prices, before the al vance and we arc going to gi(( the 'people
of Calumet and vicinity the benefit of our early buying. We have not advanced the
prices in any department. We will save you MONEY. Considering quality, you
will get more for your money than you will by trading elsewhere. We invite you
to the following departments where you will find the stock complete:
DRY G00DSvSH0ES, LADIES' SUITS AND CLOAKS, CROCKERY, MILLI
NERY, MEN'S FURNISHINGS, HARDWARE, FURNITURE and'
The Best Line of Groceries
That Money Can Buy
AT THE LIVE AND LET LIVE PRICES.
CALUMET - - MicHIGAN