Newspaper Page Text
MEmBER OF THE
Ab?oCIATED PRESS ALL, TODAY'S NEWS TODAY "P HE WEATHER. Generally fair tonight and Wednesday, Coolar tonight. VOL. XXIII. CALUMET, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY AFTERNOON, SEPTEMBER 22, 1914. NUMBER 28G F wm DECISIVE NGhT; BATHE SUBMARINES SINK THREE OF BRITAIN'S WARSHIPS Loss of Trio of Cruisers In North Sea Officially Admitted in London EACH HAD CREW 755 Considerable Number if MenSar ed Bui the Loss of Life is Heavy London, Kept. 22. The silence of the British authorities regarding nav h1 operations in the North Sea were suddenly broken this afternoon by tlw announcement that threo armored cruisers had been Bunk by German submarine. Tho loss of life probably will be heavy, although u. considerable number of men were picked up. Xeith r the time nor the scene of the disas ter was given. The warships sung were the Akouku, Ilogue and Cressy. The olliclul announcement says a considerable number of the crews of these vessels were saved by the H. At. S. Lowestoft and ty a division of tor pedo boat destroyers and trawlers. The Aboukir whs torpedoed first. The Hogue and Cressy drew In clone to her and were standing "by to save her crew when they also were torpe doed. The Cressy, Captain Johnson, the Aboukir, Captain Irullond, and the Hoguc, Captain Nicholson, were Bister ships. They were armored cruisers of a comparatively obsolete tpo ami were built fourteen years age. The lists of casualties will be made pub lic as soon as known. The tonnage, armament, etc., of the Aboukir, Hogue and Creasy were Iden tical. Each had a displacement of 12,000 tons, 440 feet long. 695 feet wide and drew twenty-six feet of wa ter. Each had a compliment of 753 men, hirudin? the ofllccrs and crew. Each of the three cruisers had an armament consisting of two nine 2 Inch puns, twelve 6-Inch guns, twelve 12-pounders and five 3-poundcrs. 200 Warahipa Off Helgoland. New York. Sept. 22. Two hundred British warships lie in battle line off th Herman naval base of Helgoland, ho close that at times they appear to touch each other, according to Captain Skrlley of the British oil tanker San lornxn, which arrived today from London. For six weeks the San Lorenzo was with this British fleet, her officers said, as a supply ship for the oil bum In rraft. She took them tlfteen thou sand ton's of fuel oil. Captain Skellcy said a story was current anion the British sailors of the fleet that British Admiral J.IHcoe was aboard the submarine which sank the derma n cruiser Hela recently. As to this, however, he had no further Continued on 2nd Page, 4th Column. ANACONDA REDUCES DIVIDEND. New York, Sept. 22. The Anacon da Copper Mining Co., declared a quarterly dividend today of twenty five cents per share, as against seventy-five cents the last quarter. WILSON HOME TO VOTE. Washington. Sept. 22. President Wilson left here at 8 , o'clock this morning for Princeton to vote In the 1'Hmary election. He will return to Washington at 6 o'clock today. BOMB IS DROPPED ON MAASTRICHT, BELGIUM. Amsterdam, iSept. 22. An aeroplane f unknown nationality dropped a bomb In Maastricht thla morning. No Jives were lost, but trees were broken and doom In a nearby house riddled. BRITONS THANK WILSON. National Peace Union Commend President's Mediation Efforts. I-oiidon, Wept. 22. Thanks of the IHtlnh National Peace council has been sent to President Woodrow Wil son for his elTorts In behalf of peace. The letter Is as follows: "The President of the United States of America, the White House, D. C. "Sir: I am directed by this council, representing forty-two 'British organ izations, to express to you the pro found thanks with which It noted your suggestion of mediation and good of fices tinder the terms of The Hague convention, made to the powers en gnged In the present terrible war in Europe. "The National Peace council is well aware that at the present moment such mediation will not be accepted by any of the belligerent nations, but it looks with conlidence to the United States linked as It is to every nation in Europe, to avail itself of the first suitably offer which, if It lead to the re-establishment of peace, will de servedly and undoubtedly earn for you, sir, and your country the gratitude and the affection of millions of suf fering men and women. "I am, sir, with deepest respect, on behalf of thu council, your obedient servant, "Carl Heath, "Secretary." ENGLISH WOMEN EAGER TO FILL SOLDIERS' JOBS Willing to Hold Positions and Pay Obligations of Troops London, Sept. 22. Remarkable tes tlmony to the eagerness with which women want to fill the places of men who have been called away from Eng land to light for their country Is given by tho Women's Emergency Corps which, under leadership of the Duchess of Marlborough, has compiled a regis ter nf Howards of i5.000 names of women who desire to be of service. "How diverse the Jobs they seek," says Mrs. Flora Annie Steel, in writ ing of the work of the Women's Emer gency Corps, "may bo guessed by the entries of over 100 Interpreters none of whom speak less than four lan guages, and some of them eleven of more than 200 expert horsewomen ready at a few hours notice to serve at home or abroad, and who are quite capable of managing or working in remount (amps. Many of these, having shot and camped all over the world, are eminently suited for rough work. Then there are 150 expert motorcy clists eager for patrol or despatch work, and endless stalwart young women for such Jobs as omnibus con ducting, milk delivering, gardening an 1 the farm work that Is generally done by lads of nineteen or twenty. "Of course, behind and beyond these more or less freak volunteers comes the great army of nurses, domestic workers, clerical agents, and the num berless well educated Intelligent wom en who are fully capable of shop and general business work. Naturally enough, qualified doctors, nurses and dispensers are drafted out as soon as they come in. Cooks and domes: Jo servants follow suit: but every d.iy'. register points to the fact that we have here a mighty agent for the national good. Will Meet Men's Obligations. "And so the Women's Emergency Corpt feels itself Justified in making an offer to the wur oihVe, the government and the country at large namely, that they are prepared to find a paid ub stltute for any man who enlists: uch substitute to guarantee to leave the Job on the man's return and to fakT oxer the man's belongings as a personel charge; that Is to say, while not bind ing herself to Rive pecuniary assist ance, she will see to It that allwances are duly paid, that relief In Fpeclal circumstances is given, and generally, so far ns In her lies, stand as a friend between the man's dependents and the cold world. "This Is a big offer; It Is one which, naturally, will require adjustment to each Individual case; but It Is one which holds enormous advantage.', enormous possibilities." DECORATED BY THE CZAR. I.n.lon. Sept. 22. An Exchange Co. dispatch from petrograd said King Albert of Belgium had received the Russian military decoration of St. (Seorge's Cross, fourth degree. It was added that the Russians oon . .. .... ..,.nn.ariiiiv the retreat- tlnue to lonon mi. . -jlng Austrian rear guard In Oallcla. PRZEF.1YSL IS ONLY BAR TO THE RUSSIANS That Fortress Alone Stands Out Against the Total Occupa tion of Galicia VICTORIES REPORTED No Chance of Austrians Resum ing Offensive Until Spring, Petrograd Reports Loudon, SeM. 22. From Petrograd come stories of tho continued lligUt of the broken Austrian armies In Ga licia, while at the same time Vienna declares these armies ate reorganizing for offensive action. It would seem clour, however, that only Przemysl Is today standing out against the total occupation of Oa llcla by RuHtla. Petrograd reports further that the populace already is flee big from Cra cow and that Austrian l"ollsh volun teers are declining to servo against the Russians. The Russians also claim further victories against the Austrian forces attempting to reach Cracow, and they predict there is no chance of the Aus trians resuming the offensive before next spring. Tho third great battle between the Russians and Austrians in Galicia. starting with the bombardment, of Przemysl, in which two million men it is said will be engaved, is expe-ted to be In full swing within a few hmrs, when the whole line along the new po sitions occupied by the Austrians be tween Przemysl and Cracow, nil! be In volved. That the Austrian army is not so badlv demoralized and disorganized ns at first reported Is Indicated by tho admission from Petrograd of the de termined nature of the four days' as sault which preceded the recapture of Lemberg. Russians Sure of Galicia. London. Sept. 22. Vho Russians are now so sure of Oalicia. that they are organizing a civil government for tha: reclon as well as for P.ukovma, the Austrian crown land, of which they arc complete masters. The Germans have ret n I luted some extent by penetrating th'? terri tory of Suwalkl in Russian Poland and further to the north, lint the Rus sians are contenting themselves with defending their fortresses un 1 Mieir work In Galicia Is completed. Servians Claim Big Victory. Nish. via Iymdon, Sept. 22. Official. The battle progressing for several days near Krupini, on the Drina river, in which 160,000 Austrians wcte engag ed, ended In complete disaster for tho Austrian army. The lighting was very sanguinary. The Austrian attempt on Shabats was repulsed with heavy losses. Bulgarian General Leads Russ;ns. London. Sept. 22. one of the most successful generals on the Russian side In the advance on Lemberg wa. Gen enil Dimltrlcff, the well known Bul garian general who led the Third Ar my, which formed the left wing of the Bulgarian forces In the great battle of .ule Burgas on October 2! and SO. 1912 Previous to that he had Avon a signal victory over the Turks k Kirk Kilisse. After the end of the war he was sent as Ambassador to St. Peters- urk, that is to say, to Peiror.rad, ,here he Joined the Russian army, a step for which he was cast off by l ul garta. Losses One-Tenth of Foe's. London. Sept. 22. "It Is estimated that the Austrian losses In the great battles In Galicia are as high as 33 per cent," says the Petrograd corres pondence of the Times. His dispatch continues: "There Is no reliable data concerning the Russian losses, but It Is "believed that they are not one- tenth of those sustained by the Aus trians. This disparity Is due In gresi measure to the superiority of the Rus sian gunners." Petrograd Throatsns Reprisals. Petrograd. Sept. 22. A dispatch re- Continued on 2nd Page, 2nd Column, .j. .j. NUNS NURSED WOUNDED UNDER BOMBARDMENT. Bordeaux, ' Sept. 22. Six nuns of the Convent of St, Charles at Nancy are mention ed in army orders for the splendid devotion they display ed in nursing over a thousand wounded soldiers in their es tablishment, despite the in cessant and murderous bom bardment which has continued cince Aug. 24." The sisters' stuck to their, post while the civil population completely abandoned the town Those mentioned ar Sisters Rigaref, Collet, Remy, Millaird, Rickler and Gartener. SAW SQUARES OF DEAD GERMANS, MANY STANDING Returning Traveler Tells of Terri ble Effect of Machine Guns i New York, Sept. 22. The liner Zce luud urrlved today from Liverpool with 363 passengers from Europe. All had stories to tell. Henry De Sibour, an American, was marooned in Belfoit when tho war broke. Ho reached Paris after pass ing through the country where much of the eatlier fighting occurred. On one field he said he saw squares of dead German soliliera. Those on the outside had fallen but the bodies to ward the center of tho squares were standing upright, leaning on each oth er. Officers told him maclilne guus were responsible for tho wholesale killing. Mrs. De Sllxmr declared that a rel ative of hers, who is an officer of un English railroad, told her that his line had transported a quarter of a mil lion Russian troops across England. FRENCH STATEMENT. Paris, Sept. 22. Official statement "All along the entire front, from the Olse to the Woevre, the Germans man ifested yesterday certain activity, without obtaining appreciable results. "On our left wing, on the right bank of the river Oisc, the rermann Were obliged to yield ground before tho French attacks. Between the Oise and tho Alsne the situation Is unchanged. The enemy has not delivered any seri ous attack, contenting himself 'Mon day evening with continuing cannon ading. "on the center, between Rhelms and Souain, the enemy attempted an of fensive movement, but was repulsed, while between Souain and the Ar gonne we have made some progress. "Between the Argonno and the Elv er Meuse there Is no change. "In the Woevre district tho enemy Violently attacked the heights of the Meuse, without, however, gaining a position on the height. "On our right wing In Lorraine the enemy has passed the frontier In small columns. Inmost re, south of Blamont, was re-occupied by thu enemy. "During September 20 and 21 we captured automobile used for moving provisions, together with all the men attached to them, and also captured on these days numerous prisoners. In Galicia the rear guards of the Austrian armies have been pursued by the Russians and haw suffered considerable losses. The Russians are In contact with the Austrian garrison at Prtemysl. Heavy Russian artil lery la bombarding the fortifications of Jaroslav." GERMAN STATEMENT. Berlin, Sept. 22. The Germans are reported to have captured the strong hill position at Craonne, eighteen miles northwest of Rhelms, and to have oc cupied the villa of P.etheny. three miles north of the French city. Berlin also claims u successful at tack on the line of forts south of Ver dun, defended by eight French army corps, as the result of which German troops have ciossed the east border In the direction of Lorraine. Berlin reports further the defeat of a sortie from northeast of Verdun, bu'. declares there have been no Import ant engagements elsewhere on the western battle front. Washington, Sept. 22. The German embassy has received the following Berlin wireless: "Headquarters reports September .. .;. 4. 4, .. AISNE RESULT NOW DEPENDS ON FRESH MEN Allies and Germans Both Rush ing Reinforcements to Stif fen Battle Lines LONDON IS CONFIDENT Tons of Government Communica tions Is Conservative, as Us ual, But Optimistic London. Sept. 22. The battle of tho Alsne has been the most sanguinary combat of the history of the world. Not taking Into account losses In kill ed, wounded and prisoners, at least 2.600,000 men have contended with the utmost ferocity. The Germans are opposing 1.100,000, to an allied force of 1,500,000. This estimate of tho forces engaged may re retained, because It can bp assumed that the Germans and allies have attained reinforcements to All I ho ga. These troops are stretched jfrom north of Noyon to north of .Montiaucon, on a line which forms an obtuse angle, running southeast from Noyon to Craonne, Berry-au-Bao and Rhelms, and thenceforth cast and northeast to Montfaucon and the for est of Argonnc. Strain Unimaginable. This is the main battle line where human endurance Is being put to un imaginable strain to demonstrate whether the Germans' can iialn as sume the offensive against Paris, or will be broken and hurled back over the frontier. Up to the present it Is a drawn battle. The Germans evading attempts to envelope? tliolr right and left wings and themselves developing a strong offensive in the center of the battle line, which is east and north of Rhelms. have the advantage of en trenched and fortified positions. The terrible slaughter of the last eight days has been due largely to the attempts of tho allies to capture by frontal attacks of infantry nnd light artillery the keypoints of this strong line of defense. Battle Hot in Center. The disposition of tho forces re mains, in general, as follows: At the west of the battle line, Gen eral von Kluck, constantly in danger from a turning movement, has been forced to give way slightly ' by an Anglo-French army. In the main fight ing at this point, the German tight has been along the ridges north of Novon nnd In the wooded region of Craonne. At Borry-au-Eao and a little east by north of Rhelms. General von Buelow and General von Einem have combined In a furious endeavor to break the French center. At the east end of the line, the Grand Duke of Wwerttem luirg and Crown Prince. Frederick William, unable to clunk the French advance altogether, have nevertheless preserved the integrity of the whole German battle line nnd are entrenched west nnd north of Montfaucon. The series of battles began nt Sols sons, Sunday morning, September 13. Von Kluck. most closely pursued, was therefore first to feel the Impact of the allies' offensive, an attack strengthened by the conlidence gained by British nnd French In the victories of the Marne. Germans Driven From Rheims. The Germans had time to form behind their carefully' prepared en trenchments. Their first aim was to prevent the Anglo-French force from wnrming across, the River Alsne to ridges which would be favorable for nrtlllery. For several days German Continued en 2nd Page, 2nd Column. 21, the attack against the French and English armies makes progress. "Rhelms lies In the French battle line and we regret being forced to answer their fire. The city suffers, but orders were given to spare the cathedral. "In middle Alsace the French at tacks were repulsed. Subscription to the German war loan tn the present time are four bil lion, two hundred million marks." GENERAL WINS PROMOTION WHILE THREE SONS FALL. Paris, Sept. 22. The Bordeaux cor respondent of the Havas agency says the Journal Official states that Gen. Curleres do Casttinnu has been pro moted to be grand officer of the Le gion of Honor. He is considered ono of the stronest men on the general staff nnd his army has achieved bril liant results. Two of his sons have been killed und a third has been wou nded. In the latest list of wounded is post ed the name of Prince Paul Murat, son of Prince Joachim Murat, who himself is serving as a captain of dragoons. Three other sons of Prince Joachim Charles, Alexander und Joachim al so are in the army. Two sons of Marshal Mac'Mahon, late president of France, also are with the colors, with the rank of colonel and lieutenant colonel. BEECHAM'S PRICE NOT RAISED. Apropos of the increase in cost of many articles, especially those of fore-Inn origin, there has been received c'.l rvt information from Sir Joseph Bee ham (the proprietor of Beec'iim's IT. Is) that he has not increase! his price to the trade and will not do so, and that there is no reason why any Increase should be demanded by any one. TRAGIC END OF GENERAL IN THE DRITjSHRANKS Parting Shell From the Germans Cuts Down Neil D. Flndlay London, Sept. 22. The correspond ent of the Daily Mail in France de scribes the death of Gen. Nell lXiuglas Flndlay of the Royal Artillery, as fol low m: "When at dawn on Saturday the British advance continued toward Soissons, the enemy was fighting1 an exceptionally fierce rear guard action. "A terrible shell fire was directed against our artillery under Gen. Flnd lay, temporarily situated In a valley by the village of Prise. It teemed a matter of moments wnen wo should have to spike our guns, and Gen. Find lay saw tho urgency for action. "'Boys," hisvolce echoed down the line, 'we are going to get every gun Into position." Then deliberately the general approached the regimental chaplain kneeling beside a gunner. "Here are some of my personal be longings, chaplain. See that they don't go astray." One by one our guns beaan to blaze away and the general had 11 word of encouragement nnd advice for even man. In vain his staff tried to per suade him to leave the danger r.one. "Our range was perfect, the German fire slackened nnd ciied away and with a yell our men propaved to advance. The outburst came o soon. (Hie pall ing shell, exploding In a contact with Fiudlay's horse, shattered man arici beast." British Lose 797 Officers. Ijondon,. Sept. 522. The part that British officers are playing Is Illus trated by the bare testimony of the casually lists. Seven hundred and ninety-seven officers are among the killed, wounded and missing, which la a percentage out of all proportion to the losses In the ranks. One hundred ami thirty officers have been killed; 3SH have been wounded nnd 2"! are nilssinc. Many of the mission prob ably must later be reeetrded as killed or wounded. The homes of many of the best known families In the kingdom are in mourning. PARIS POPULATION REDUCED. Paris. Sept. 22. Official figures on the census of Paris, within the city walls, show that there are today in the capital 362,543 fewer famille-s than there were in 1911. The number of households now In the city Is 701. Ooo. Consequently a third of the resident families have left. Numerically as tn Inhabitants tho population today shows a reduction l.ofi.r.oT, as com pared with ISll. This is eiu"l to 65 per cent of the population In normal times. ALONZO STAGG IS ILL. Chicago, Sept. 22. Alonzo Stagg, head conch of the University of Chica go, Is confined to his bed with an at tack of neuritis. URGES ITALIAN NEUTRALITY. Rome, Sept. 22. The extreme wing of the Socialist party has passed reso lutions urging Italy to maintain Us neutrality. PRESSURE IS EXERTED BY ALLIES' LEFT It Positions Are Carried Strate gists Believe German Front Will Be In Danger FIGHTING IN CENTER Rheims May Be Razed by Artillery-Battle to Last Few Days More London, Sept. 22. The de-arth of of ficial news this morning from the long Imttle front in France raised the usual crop of rumors. These. In the minds of some people, are Important from the fact that, originating simultaneously at widely distant points, they seem more or less to conform with each other. The most Important rumor ts a re port from Antwerp that General Von Kluck, commander of the German right wing, has removed his headquarters back to Mons. Tho latest official communication from Paris, more laconic than usual, declares the allies are making pro gress between Rheims and the Ar gonnc, although the fighting during tho day time yesterday was less violent. A wounded British oflker, who re turned to Paris, declares the allies on their left have advanced seven miles. Rheims May Be Razed. The city of Rheims may be razed to ground, it is felt In London, not be cause in itself It has any strategic im portance, but because It happens to bo in the way of operations directed against tho plateau above the city, where the allies undoubtedly will en deavor again to disprove, as did Na poleon, the theory of Bleucher that these heights are impregnable, even if defended by only twenty-five thousand nun. The walls and tower of the Rheims cathedral, according to the latest re ports, are still standing, but It is not believed they are strong enough to withstand much more bombardment. Nowhere else along tho battle line is any great effort being made to carry a frontal attack, nnd unless one side or the other executes an out-flanking movement Rheims may witness the most decisive battle of the war. All Eyes on Allies' Left. All eyes are now fixed on the west ern section of the great battle line In France, where the allied army is ex petted to descend on the German right, which already Is bending back wards under persistent pressure to tho northward ef the River Alsne. If these German positions are carried strate gists here believe the wholo German front will be In danger. Meanwhile "perceptible progress" is the only light tho official chronicler permits himself to throw on the great siege of the fortified jnisitlon which has now lasted ten days. Reinforcements, according to Berlin, have beaten their opponents in the race to tlie fighting zone, and the result is seen in the rapid series of hussar at tacks General Von Kluck has been able to deliver In an effort to stem' the allied enveloping movement around St. CJuentin. Like Battle of Marne. Thus far the battle of the Alsne rep resents" on a larger scalo the struggle on the Marne, but whether at tho final outcome victory will rest with tho same side likely will remain a set ret fv a few days more. Tho ten days' most furiously con tested struggle In modern history has left the armies In such position that neither can claim the advantage. If It Is true that Von Kluck has removed his headquarters bark to Mons, It is of the greatest significance as showing recognition of the danger which might threate n him from the army marching from the west. German Right Pushed Back. On the Battle Front. Sept. 22, via Purls The western wing of the Ger man line has been thrust back aleut seven miles during the last 48 hour Continued on 2nd Paga, 3rd Column.