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ASSOCIATED PRESS ALL TOOAY'8 NEWS TODAY 4& THE WEATHER. Generally fair tonight and Thursday. VOL. XXIII. CALUMET, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON, SEPTEMBER 23, 1914. NUMBER 287 Kim BHTllEI WITH JSEfff LOSSES, MTMSiW JflfflllT AMY DECISIVE STBIKE BY OTHER SHE T- -II : n . i 1,200 T0 1,500 PERISH WHEN BRITISH WAR CRAFT SINK Press Reports Indicate Heavy Loss as Result of Raid by SURVIVORS BROUGHT IN Many Rescued by Dutch Steamer and Others Are Picked Up by Warships Press reports indicate that prob ably 1,200 to 1,500 hundred officers and men were lost in the sinking of the three British cruisers in the North Sea by German submarines. One survivor thought 1,800 perish ed. '" The Captain of the Dutch steam er Flora, which rescued ' many British seamen, says he saw sev eral German submarines just be fore the battle. London, Sept. 23. 'Swift and ellent, the destruction of throe big cruisers, which cost twelve million, has brought home the risk of. modern naval warfare. Unsee n the enemy crept upon the Aboukir, Hogue and Creasy, and one ufter another the cruisers keeled and unk. The whole affair waa over in twenty minutes. Survivors brought to Dutch and liritish ports declare there were at least three German aubmarlnos In tho attacking force; some say live and that the crtilHer Cressy or Lowestoft ac counted for two of them. The admir alty, however, does not yet ronflrm the statement that any of the German craft were destroy, and it is possi ble none waa even neon. Neither the navy nor the nation in dismayed and the cull on the admiral ty is for more aggressive action. The Jlrltlsh publics finds some com pensation for these naval losses In the statement of the admiralty last night that the command of the sea had re sulted In the maintenance of ocean traffic by 4,000 merchantmen, with the Inn of only twelve by capture since the beginning of the war. Dutch Boat Rescues 237. Ymuiden, Holland. (Sept. 23. Two hundred and eighty-seven survivors of the liritish cruisers, sunk in tho North Sea by 'German submarines, were landed here by the Dutch steam er Flora, which happened to bo In the Mclnlty ,vhen disaster -overtook the warship They were dressed In all manner of clothing, mostly from the little store possessed, by Dutch sailors of tho res cuing boat. Tho crews of the sunken vessels vrere largely naval reservists. Tho Flora picked up ninny sailors dinning to spars and pieces of wood. Special pralso is duo Captain Voor hnrn of the Flora, who. with a crew of only eighteen, carried on the work of rescue with the greatest skill. Ow ing to the roughness of the sea the task of taking on board men stiff with cold was eatrcmoly difficult. Among the survivors is the captain of the Hoguo. Several English sailing oats are coming to Ymuiden with more survivors, according- to tho cap tain of the Flora. Surviving officers express the opin ion that the casualties in the engine rooms and stoke holes must have been terribly heavy. Many Hundreds Missing. Harwlck. England. .Sept. 23. Oxf hundred and ten survivors. Including thirty officers, of the Rritlsh cruisers. Aboukir, Oressy and Hogue, torpedo'1 y German submarines, nrrived t Harwich and rarkestone last nlpht. All bore evidence of the trial through which they had passed. According to estimates obtained from the survivors about 700 n nil of the crews, approximating 2.000 men. were saved. bruisers And flotilla destroyers, bear- ) 1 - Ira A&sr. -Wm U. ' A sk-cms ZEPPELINS TO ATTACK LONDON SAYSATHLETE Believes Germany Plans One Last Terrible Blow When Defeated Philadelphia, Sept. 23. If Germany is defeated by tho allies, it will dis patch an aeroplane und Zeppelin fleet to bombard London and strike ono last terrible blow that will utattle the world for ages to come, in the opinion of Alvln C. Kraenzleln, celebrated University of Pennsylvania athlete and coach of the German Olympic team, who has Just returned to Amer ica from Europe. "I believe that ultimately Germany will lose In this greatest of all wars, Kraenzleln Bald, "for tho simple rea son that the odds of all kinds arc too great against her. Put before she goes down to final defeat, I believe she will have wrought such havoc in de fending herself that It will take tho world a century to recover from it "If the time ever comes when Gcr mnnv mil 1 1'l'H that her land and sea forces are utterly defeated. I fully ex pect to awaken some morning to learn that Ixmdon has been almost blotted fmm the man. I know that it Is t.er- n,nv'. irrlm Intention to Ktrlko two terrible blows, one at Tarts and one at London, and I believe a fleet or ;eppe .nM (mil to Jvmdon in n night and create such havoc as would rock the world." ' FRENCH STATEMENT. Washington. Sept. 23. The French embassy announces: "The German left wing in irraine l. -.,ua,wi i he French border and re- occupied Domevref, Nomcny and Dil- ne." r.rihinff the engagement on ine -it.. f the Itlver Olse, the em bassy was advised that tho Germans were forced back. "The enemy tien directed a move ment toward Saint Uaussant and Urn- ..T- uorviii n telegram states a bat tle has. been in progress for a week In the region f Krupanj. Paris, Sept. 23. (Afternoon) Offl- clnl: . . , , 'After severe fighting we nuau uoiitrn wing. We nlso repulsed German attacks on the DRAFTED DRAFTED GERMANS WE KNOWN HEAVY LOSSES IN WEST Total Shows 10,086 Dead, 39,760 Wounded and 13,621 Missing Perlin, via London, Sept. 23. A cas ualty list published today shows tho death in the western campaign of tho German Generals Von 'Wroohcy and Von Arbuu. .Major General Vou Tro tha also was killed. Tho list contains 5.S93 names and gives the names and dates of battles for the 41rst time. The total losses so far published ag gregate 10.0SO dead, 3'.,7C0 wounded and 13.621 missing. Today's list shows tho heaviest losses were sustained by the 174th in fantry in the battles of Saint Dio on August 20 and Lunevllle on August 22nd. The regiment lost a colcncl, seventeen ollloers and 195 men killed, twenty-one officers and 1,092 men wounded and fifty-nine missing. DEATH DECREED TO ALL WHO HINDER GERMANS IN FRANCE London, Sept. 23. Following is the text of the proclamation published in French and said to be ported in all towns occupied by the Germans: "All the authorities and the municipality are Informed that every peaceful inhabitant can follow his regular occupation in full security. Privte property will be absolutely respected and provisions paid for, "If the population dare, un der any form whatever, to take part in the hostilities, the se verest punishment will be in flicted on the refractory. "The people must give up their arms. Every armed indi vidual will be put to death. Whoever cuts telegraph wires, destroys railway bridges or roads or commits an act in det riment to the Germans will be shot. "Towns and villages whose inhabitants have taken part in the combat or who fired upon us from ambush will be burn ed down and the guilty shot at once. The civil authorities will be held responsible. "Von Moltke." UShrjelL EUROPEAN WAR HAS AFFECTED ENTIRE WORLD Not a Place Where Effects Are Not Felt in Some Degree New York, Sept. 23. delated re ports from missions established throughout tho world by the Presby terian church, made public today, tell of world-wide conditions unparalleled In the history of tho church. There is no spot under tho eun, ac cording to these reports, whero tho European war has failed to strike a blow nt commeice. All inhabitants of the civilized world, and even the aav age Indians of Chile and tho wander ing tribes of Syria, have not failed to feel its effect in some degree. GERMAN STATEMENT. Washington, D. C, Sept. 23. The German embassy has received a wire less from llerlln, which ays: "The French offensive spirit is weakening. "Tho French losses are enormous. Their center is retreating. "Verdun Is being successfully bom barded The effect of German mor tars is again tremendous." Iterlin, Sept. 23 (Wireless to Say ville, L. I.) A hostile aeroplane drop ped two bombs near tho Dusseldorf airship hall yesterday. No damage was done. The headquarters staff reports that tho cathedral at Uhelms wus respected until the French established an obser vation on the spire to direct the fire of the French artillery. Special dispatches from General Von lllndenberg state that he pursued the Russians until they reached a fortress. The Koevno roads are a tjuagmire. At Wlrhallen a correspondent kuw a Russian train of fifty cars, bearing the Red Cross insignia, loaded with field artillery and ammunition. SEEK MYSTERIOUS WIRELESS PLANT ON PACIFIC COAST. Washington. Sept. 23. On complaint of the Itrltish embassy the depart ment of agriculture has begun a search for a mysterious wireless plant, supposed to be operating in the moun tains on the pacific coast. Infotmatlon furnished to the department Is vague, bvit apparently the plant Is busily en gaged In sending messages uncensored by the federal government. RUSSIANS IN EAST PRUSSIA FALLING BACK Petrograd Dispatch SaysThey Are Retreating Before Germans "InPerfectOrder" PROGRESS IN GALIGIA Czar's Forces Now Control Rail road to Przemysl, Last Aus trian Stronghold Berlin, Sept. 23 (Wireloss to Sayville, L. I.) It is officially stated that the Russians lost in the battles near Tanneberg 92,000 captured and 150,000 killed. London. Sept. 23. A Petrograd dis patch says the Russian troops in Kast ern Prussia are falling buck in per feet order, taking with them their retorea and wounded. What they are unable to talto they ore burning. Only meagre reports have been re ceived In London of the Itusso-Aus-trian campaign in Galicla, With the capture of Jaroslau, sixty miles west of Lemberg, the Russians now con trol the railroad to Przemysl. The fall of Jaroslau, tho Austrian fortified position in Galleia, Is the most decisive Btroke in the continental battle fields In the last twenty-hour hours. The Russians report again at tacking Koenlgsberg. It was stated at the Petrograd war office that at tho request of. the Aus trian commander of Przemysl an urni istlce of five hours was grunted, dur ing which time all of the non-cotnlia-tants left tho city. It is stated that the bombardment of the live main forts, which furnish the chief defense, was then resumed. It is acknowledged that the Austrians are putting up an ex cellent defense. Many thousand Austrian wounded ore being brought into Vienna, and according to Konio dispatches an epi demic of typhoid and other diseases Is feared in Austria. Capture of Jaroslau. Petrograd, via London, Sept. 23. Russian troops have occupied the furt yied Austrian position of Jaroslau, ac cording to an olliiial announcement made here. The Itussiun fiag is now Hying over the town. Jaroslau is an important railroad center. A bridge near the town trosses tho San and commands the pussuge of that river. The town Is 17 miles north, northwest f Przemysl and is on the railroad line between Lemherg and Cracow. Jaroslau commands tho passage of tho San liver and its possession will greatly nsslst the Russians In their operations against Przemysl, where a strong Austro-German force Is prepar ed to offer stubborn resistance in the hope at least of detaining the Russian armies which are to take the offensive against Germany. Believed Russians Knew Plans. Vienna, via Paris, Sept. 23. The be lief Is growing In oillciul circles here that tho Austrian reverses In (ialiiia were, to a large extent, brought about by exact knowledge held by the Uus- Continued on 2nd Page, 4th Column. BRITISH FLEET ORDERED TO CLEAR SOUTH ATLANTIC OF GERMAN CRUISERS, REPORT. New York. Sept. 23. There Is a per sistent report in shipping circles that six of the fleet of liritish cruisers which have been patrolling north At lantic waters have been ordered to steam south at full speed to clear the South Atlantic of German cruisers, recently active there. It Is said they will make special effort to capture tho Karlsruhe and the North German Lloyd liner, Kronprlnx Wllhelm. CHARLES E. RECTOR, WELL KNOW RESTAURANT MAN Of7 NEW YORK, IS DEAD. New York. Sept. 23. Charles F. Rector, proprietor of a well known New York restaurant, Is dead. KING KILLS DRIVER TRYING TO KIDNAP HIM FOR GERMANS. Paris, Sept. 23. The Progres du Nord relates a remarkable story of the king of the Bel gians shooting his chauffeur while the latter traitorously at tempted to drive him into the German lines. The king was with his troops south of Antwerp, He ordered his chauffeur to drive ahead, nd then, after a while the king noticed that the driver had changed his direction. His majesty warned him and, when the chauffeur took no no tice, ordered him to halt. This having no effect, the king, con vinced of the chauffeur's treach ery, drew his revolver and shot him dead. He himself stopped the car and drove back to the Celgian lines. In the man's clothing papers wire found showing that he had received a German offer of $250,000 for the king's capture. GUNS THUNDER ALONG AISNE IN ARTIFICIAL DAY Searchlights Guide Gunners' Aim In Ceaseless Bombardment London, Sept. 23. Cannonading by night, with great searchlights playing up and down the valley of the Aisne to the accompaniment of artillery thun der nnd rifle volleys, is described by a correspondent of the Times, who sends the following from "behind the Itrltish lines": "The great battle draws to a close. Exhaustion, rather than shot and shell, has w rought a terrible peace along the river banks a peace which my exper ience of the last few days leads me to believe may. be the herald of victory. That, at bast, is how I read the situa tion. Fight Like Conquerors. "I have Keen our troops and the French go into battle those last days, not as worn nnd weary men. but as conquerors. I have seen them return wounded from th valley of death with tho conquering spirit fanned to fierce fury. Here is a typical description from the trenches of the great snug gle: " 'We are beating them back slow ly. We have to do it foot by foot, for they have huge guns and their shell fire is terrible. Put we keep pegging away. How? Well, we dig ourselves in we liritish lads have learned that lesson ami then we go on fighting und fighting until the moment comes when we can make a sm;Ul advance. We crawl up again and dig ourselves in. "'At the end It, of course, conns to cold steel. We are all right there," "The scene on the river at night was magnificent and appalling beyond words. Tho whole valley was swept with a blaze of searchlights from dark ness until dawn. Gieat beams moved up and down, searching the skies nnd trenches nnd revealing maked bat teries on the heights and dark forms lying along the ridges. Guns in Perpetual Thunder. "Here and there a lurid Hash re vealed the bursting of a shell or a Hash of fire a volley from some con cealed vantage, and over all rolled the perpetual thunder of the guns a fierce and thrilling accompaniment. "An incessant rain, too, flooded the great river, making the work of the heroic engineers a veritable task of Hercules. "This was a battle to the last ounce of strength. In" which man and horse poured out their whole lives in few frenzied moments. Day and night com bat raged without intermission, ebbing and flowing like the tide, seething like a cau'dron. "And Into the hell strong men went down oh. It was u brave sight to see them go, gaily and llnht heartedly, to return, perhaps, In a few hours broken for life or It may be never to return at all, for the loss was terrible. "This Is the hardest -fought encoun ter Of the war. It has been a frontal attack against a powerful foe. splen didly entrenched and strongly situat ed. Only the better lighter wins such a battle. To conquer at Aisne Is to prove oneself irresistible. "Victory is not yet, hut we await the morrow with great hope and oon.1-' dence." 1 ALLIES SAID TO BE SLOWLY TURNING THE GERMAN RIGHT Momentous Events That May De cide Big Battle Are Transpir ing Near St. Quentin DESPERATE FIGHTING British Repulse Attacks at Per onne With Great Cost in Lives to Both Sides Momentous events that may de cide the battle of Aisne are trans piring near St. Quentin, where the allies are making furious attempts to turn the German right. Vague, but persistent unofficial . reports suggest that the Franco British turning movement is slow ly developing. London, Sept. 23. The battle of the entrenched armies in France Is pro gressing with great losses, and ap parently without any decisive stroke by other side. The questions military men here are discussing Is whether the CJermans have definitely assumed the defensive on their west, or wheth er the German general staff regards' the retirement from Tarls ae a tem porary reverse to be followed by an attempt ut retrieving lost ground be tween Poronne and St. Quentin. German Attacks Repulsed. The forces under Von Kluck. com mander of the Oerman right, evacuat ed Peronne Friday, since which time desperate fighting has taken place for possession of the town. Tho liritish reported repelling the German attacks with great cost to both sides. There has been no change in the past two or three days in the battle lines along the main front. The latest reports from the liritish army under General French describe general fea tures of fighting up to September 11 without geographical details. Estimates of the casualties of the allies during the battle of the Aisne. which will be the historic name of the present conflict have not been pub lished as yet. Reports German Right Turned. London, Sept. 23. The Mail's cor respondent, under date of Sunday from an unnamed place, telegraphs that tho German right has been turned between l'eronne and St. Quentin. He also tells of the urrival of wounded, who brlr.g storks that there are nine miles of dead In trenches between tho two towns. German Loss Very Heavy. Paris, Sept. 23. Wounded soldiers who were commencing to arrive here from the region of Craonne described the buttles there Sunday and Monday as having been deadly for the Ger mans, who, thy ay, were sacrificed without upparent reason by their olli ers. Though pushed bark with great slaughter, some of the wounded nay. the Germans returned again and again, only to be mowed down by tho French One entire regiment, It was declared, was wiped out and when tho French took possession of the field they found 1,000 wounded left by the Germans. Trenches they had carefully prepared for resistance to the allies' advance were filled w ith dead. A superior officer among the wound ed estimated the German losses alone In this engagement nt T.000. Says Germans Are Brutal. London. Sept. 23. A descriptive ac count from Marshal Sir John French's headquarters of the liritish army's operation up to September 18 was Is sued last night. It says: "The Germans ate a formidable en emy, well trained, long prepared nnd brave. Their soldiers are carrying on the campaign with skill and valor. Nevertheless, they are fighting to win anl.ow, regardless of all the rules of fair play, nnd Ihere Is evidence thnt Continues! on 2nd Paos. 1st Column. Continued on 2nd Pag, 2nd Column. eastern wing.